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Whiskey is distilled from a fermented mash of grain (usually corn, rye, barley or wheat) And then aged in oak barrels. Whiskey when placed in barrels to age is a clear liquid. It is during the aging period that whiskey obtains it’s characteristic amber color, flavor, and aroma. Bourbon and Tennessee whiskey as well as scotch are described separated. American whiskeys fall in into two mayor categories-straight whiskey and blended whiskey. Straight whiskey is distilled from a 51 percent base of a single grain and not blended with natural grain spirits or any other whiskey. Bourbon is a straight whiskey. Tennessee whiskey is filtered through maple charcoal before it is barreled for aging. Rye whiskey is distilled from a mash of grain containing not less than 51 percent rye. Corn whiskey is distilled from a mash of grain containing not less than 80 percent of corn and commonly aged in reused charred oak barrels. Canadian Whiskeys are blended whiskeys usually distilled from rye, corn, and barley. They are lighter than American whiskeys. Irish whiskeys are produced only in Ireland, is like Scotch, a blended product containing both barley malt whiskeys and grain whiskeys. It is lighter in flavor and less smoky than Scotch.
Is distilled from a mash of grain containing, not less than 51 percent of corn, balanced with barley or a wheat or rye. The rich amber color and characteristic sweetness of bourbon is derived from its signature aging process in new white oak barrels, which are charred to caramelize the natural sugars in the wood and bring them to the surface. While two years is the minimum time for aging established by law most of them are aging for 4 to 12 years. Also federal regulations required to be bottled at no less than 80 proof. Tennessee whiskey commonly but incorrectly perceived as a type of bourbon is made in a similar way but with one extra in the process that influence its final character and flavor. Before barreling, the newly distilled whiskey is filtered very slowly through charcoal made from sugar maple, which gives the whiskey a unique smoky sweetness. This step is so important that Tennessee whiskey is legally a separate category of whiskey.
Produced only in Scotland, Scotch whiskey fall into two categories: single malt and blended Single malts, though each distillery uses barely as the base for its Scotch variants in the water, atmospheric and the age of the casks they use are factors that determine the uniqueness of the resulting spirit. Blended Scotch derive their individual personality from the single malts they comprise as many as twenty to forty different malts whiskeys may be a part of the blend. The age of the spirits refers to the youngest whiskey included.
produced in the region of Cognac in France. The age of Cognac is guaranteed only up to 6 years. after that you may find quite a range of destinations. anisette flavored aperitif Italian.2 BRANDY Brandy is distilled from fermented fruit. anisette flavored liquor Whiskey base peach flavored Jamaican coffee liquor Orange flavored . XO extra old-denotes a blend of considerable age. peaches. cherries and so on. apricots. VSOP very special old pale-refers to blends that are not less than 4 years old. Fruit-flavored brandies are brandy-based liquors flavored with blackberries. VS very special-blend from brandies that have aged a minimum of 2 years but some may have aged much longer. LIQUORS AMARETTO APRICOT BRANDY BENEDICTINE BAILEY’s BLACKBERRY BLUE CURACAO COINTREAU CHERRY BRANDY CRÈME BANANA CRÈME CASSIS CRÈME CACAO (BROWN & WHITE) CRÈME MENTHE (WHITE & GREEN) DRAMBUIE FRANGELICO KAHLUA GALLIANO GRAND MARNIER MALIBU MIDORI OUZO PEACH SCHNAPPS PEPPERMINT SCHNAPPS SAMBUCA SLOE GIN SOUTHERN COMFORT TIA MARIA TRIPLE SEC Almond flavored. Cognac is a fine brandy known for its smoothness and heady scent. Apricot liquor brandy based Irish whiskey and cream Bitter oranges base / color blue Blackcurrant flavored Cacao beans Menthe Scotch flavored with honey Hazelnut flavored Mexican coffee liquor Vanilla flavored Cognac base. orange flavored Coconut flavored rum Melon flavored Greek. sometimes aged in oak barrels and usually bottled at 80% proof.
Nowadays there is flavorful vodkas-citrus-pepper-blackcurrant. Tequila requires having 51% of blue agaves and the rest can come from cane or other sugars. White tequilas is ready after distillations. TEQUILA Tequila is distilled from the sap of the mature blue agaves plant. Gin like other clear spirits is basically clean and bracing in flavor but has fruity and herby overtone as well. There are also 151 proof rums good for flaming. They are processed and redistilled with a flavor collection of assorted herbs and spices primarily juniper berries. Trinidad and Barbados they do not require long aging. RUM Rum is made from sugar cane boiled down to a rich residue called molasses which is then fermented and distilled. Haiti and Martinique. The higher proof. Dark rums result from aging the spirit for a period of 3 to 12 years and sometimes with the addition of caramel. was made from potatoes. . the less flavor. VODKA Colorless. require no aging.3 GIN Neutral spirit distilled from grain. tasteless and odorless. Believed that the spirit originated in Russia. is produced in the tropics: Jamaica. with six months in oak casks is enough although a year is more common. Gold tequila is usually aged in oak casks for 2 to 4 years. Light rums are produced in Southern Caribbean islands: Puerto Rico. today is made from grain. It is very aromatic and has a heavier richer flavor than light rum.
Stolichnaya. Bombay Sapphire (England). Moskovskaya. prepared by mixing rectified spirit and water with the further filtration of the water-spirit. HOSE CUERVO with a white label. Tequila. slou-gin: Gingenever (Holland) Q. Aquavit.1: What strong alcoholic drinks do you know? A: Vodka. Whisky. Gin. In Martinique: Nigrita.4 QUESTIONNAIRE FOR BAR STUFF Q. classification and titles invented? A: Strong alcoholic drink produced from the grain product with adding the extract of juniper berries. Charleston. prepared by distillation from the over fermented juice of CACTUS mageya. T with a golden label is matured in oak barrels and has a an AMBER color. In Cuba: Bacardi (white.5: What is Rum and what countries produces it? A: Strong alcoholic drink. Classification: ordinary/pouring. but only one time with the further maturing in oak barrels not less than 15-20 years. Finlandia. regular brands: Gordon. In Jamaica: Myers Mona (30 years). Q. Q. Q. It came from France (Jerar region) . Captain Morgan (gold and dark). premium brands: Tanqueray. prepared by distillation from products of sugarcane. from 2 to 30 years. May be with white and golden label. mixing with activated coal. Karioka. brands (produced in any country and vary cheap).2: What is vodka? A: Vodka is an alcoholic drink. Fruit-berry brandy and Liquors. long matured in oak barrels. Beefeater (England). Cognac. gold and dark). CUERVO SPECIAL GOLD with golden label. Absolute. Ronico. In Barbados: Cacadu. Q. Names: Smirnoff.3: What is Gin? In what country is it produced. Rye and Nevjus (18 years).4: What is Tequila and what country is it produced in? A: It is a Mexican strong alcoholic drink.6: What is ARMAGNAC? Where is it produced ? A: Armagnac is a grape brandy. Rum. Gavana Club. prepared by distillation from the grape wines.
Teachers Highland. classificated for it’s quality: regular brands: Johnny Walker RL-6 year old. where did it come from? How is it classificated? A: It prepared by distillation from rose and white grapes wines 2 and more times with the further maturing in oak barrels. VS).5 Q. Q. classificated as for it’s quality: regular brands: Tulamore. premium brands: Jack Daniels. Chivas Regal 20 years old. premium (25-40 years matured) XO. (Cognac region). Collection and MARCING: VO-very old (15-20 years matured) VS-very special (15-18 years matured) VSO-very special old (15-20 years matured) VSOP-very special old premium. Famous Grouse. high quality (20-30 years matured) VSEP-very special extra. Wild Turkey. very special old. J&B. Irish (Ireland). Old Bushmils. Glenlivet. Cutty Sark. Napoleon. It came from France. XO). premium brands: Gamisson. . Courvousier ( all except VSOP. Regy. Four Roses. Canadian (rye whisky). Seagram’s 7. William Grants. and Bisquit. Passport. Camus.8: What is Cognac. charred inside.extra old (from 40 and higher years matured) Very popular titles: Remy Martin (VSOP. Rye 50%: Canadian Club (CC). premium brands: Johnny Walker BL-12 years old. Cognac is classificated for its quality: Regular. Premium. Scotch: production from Grain Barley. White Horse. Martell (VO. There are 4 kinds and 4 countries where whisky is produced: Scotch (Scotland). premium. high quality (18-25 years matured) VVSOP-very. 4 Bells. Old Grand Dad (20 years old)\ Irish: production from Grain Rye and Barley. Bourbon: production from Grain Maize and Rye. Seagram’s VO. Maize 15%. Dimple Hang: malt whisky: Glenfiddich. Ballantines Finest. VS). Long John. Bourbon (America). high quality. XO). classificated for it’s quality: regular brands: Jim Beam. Hennessy (VO. Canadian: (RYE WHISKY) production from the mixing Grains: Barley 10%.7: What is WHISKY and what kind of whisky distinguished and what countries is it produced in? A: It is a grain spirit matured in oak barrels. Sharly.
Moet and Chandon. Switzerland. Produced in France. Extra brut. Henkell Trocken (from Germany).9: What is Fruit-berry brandy? A: It is strong alcoholic drink.10: What is CALVADOS? Where did it com from? A: It is produced from the sorts of apple wines with maturing from 3 years and more in oak barrels. F. Spain. Q. containing sugar and spirit. Royal Baron sec. (from Italy). Q.11: What is Metaxa? Where did it come from? A: Greece brandy. Contains 3-12% sugar and 10-13% of spirit. Gordon Rouge (Mumm’s). Q. Premium and Collection. Orlando Carrington Brut (from Australia). contains 45% of alcohol. Italy.6 Q. 10-12% of spirit. It is produced by SPYROS METAXA in 1888 by blending only the finest matured Muscat sorts of grape wines with the further distillation and maturing in oak barrels from 2-40 years containing 2. Q. Champagne is received from the second fermented of special champagne-wine product. CYPRUS METHODE CHAMPAGNE: Due de Nicosie (grand reserve sec). . In America very popular brandy from Apple and it id named Apple Jack.-B. TITLES: Asti Spumante-Martini. TITLES: Don Perignon. Q. Lourent Perrier. Classified for its quality: Ordinary. and Hungary: Plum brandy.5% of sugar. Q.12: What is AQUAVIT? A: It is Scandinavian strong drink. Asti Spumante-Chinzano. Contains 3-6% of sugar. Brut and dry. produced by distillation after over fermented product of potato with adding extract of Caraway seeds. Apricot brandy and Sherry brandy. prepared by distillation from any strong fruitberry juices and matured in oak barrels from 3 years and longer. Madame Cliquot. Classify for maturing.14: Who and when invented Champagne? Where did it come from? A: It is invented by DON PERIGNON in 1743. has white and dark color.15: What is SPARKLING WINE? A: Sparkling wine received from the second fermented of dry or sweet wine product. contains 30-60 % of spirit. produced in Japan. France (Champagne province). Calvados came from France. Aquavit is served cold.13: What is SAKE? A: SAKE – alcoholic drink prepared from rice.
Basic of strong alcohol. Amer Pikon). (Italy). The maturing is 1. Q. Q.16: What is WINE? A: It is prepared as a result of alcoholic fermentation of grape or fruit berry juice with pulp or without it.20: DIGESTIVES. It came from Spain. Fernet Menta. Ordinary: without maturing (table wine). JIN. It is a blend of wines of the same type but different age. with containing 40% of alcohol obtained by mixing infusion of medical herbs. sugar syrup and infusion of herbs. Every brandy of sherry is based on a very old wine called <Solera> SHERRY is divided into four main types: a) Fino-pale – very dry (14% of alcohol). WHISKY. Undreberg (from Germany). TITLES: WORLPAKER semi dry. STRONGBOU dry. Dubonnet. dry. TITLES: Fernet Branko. These components give the vermouth a special smell and flavor: NOLLY PRAT – extra dry (France). c) Harvey Bristol Cream-semi sweet and sweet desert. rosso/sweet (Italy). CHINZANO – extra dry. Basic of Anis (Perno. Q. SAKE. Divided into 4 groups: 1. nature produced by special technology. Contains 5-7% of spirit and 5-10% of sugar. Ricardo. TEQUILA. Premium: of high quality. flowers. spirit.). 4. etc. Puent-a-Mass. roots and variety of plants. Jegermaster.19: Name the main types and titles of SHERRY (WINE). (VODKA. 2. Ouso).5-2 years in barrels and 2 years in bottles. 3. Basic of Bitters (Campari. roots and plants. MARTINI. aerated in the moment of pouring out. Basic of Vermouth wine – a medium alcoholic drink obtained by blending grape wine materials. A: It is drunk after meal. Pastis No 51.18: Aperitifs! A: Aperitifs are used as a stimulant of an appetite before having meals.17: What is CIDER? A: It’s fermented apple juice. bianco. Pimms No1. AQUAVIT.7 Q. flowers. b) Ammontillado-pale – dry with a taste of nuts (Dry Sack). Q. . A: SHERRY has strong aperitif properties that is why it is called <The King of Aperitifs>. Wine is classified for its quality: Ordinary and Premium.
Becks. Grapefruit juice. John Smiths. PORTER: Guinness.23: Name juices. Fanta (Orange. Grape juice. MADEIRA is wine which strongly differs from other fortified wines by well developed somewhat heavy bouquet.21: PORTO WINES.24: Title soft drinks used in bars. A: There are two kinds: 1) matured in barrels (from 1. PORTER. Lemon. Beer maybe of dark and light sorts with containing 1. Bitter Lemon (prepared from lime). Ports of RUBY with red color. Porto wines came from Portland. Amstel. White Porto is produced dry and taken as aperitifs. We have a 5 leading sorts of beer: ALE.8-7% of alcohol. A: In a cool glass. New Castle brown. Bass. BOCK. . Miller. Lemon juice. Lemonade-7UP. Dark beer/Porter contains 1.25: Define Frappe. Heineken. Q. MARSALA – is produced only from CATARRATO grapes containing very high amount of sugar. Q. used when preparing mixed drinks. with bittersweet taste. EXPIRY TIME FOR BEER: for tinned 6 months. bitten up to the moment when everything turns into icy alcoholic mass. Q. Draft beer is served in special beer glass: Pint – 470ml and Half Pint. KEO. Sometimes beer is served with juise of LIME or a LIME SQUASH. LAGER. Grapefruit). Budweiser. filled with chopped ice to the top we pour over the ordinary drink. A: Coca Cola. A: Orange juice. Ingredients are put into the mixer with a lot of chopped ice.5% of alcohol. HOP PLANT and WATER. LAGER: Fosters. STOUT. Q. Pepsi Cola. for barreled 1 month. for bottled 3 months. and contains small sugar (semi dry). SHANDY – mix Beer and 7up. Cranberry juice. Pineapple juice.8 Q. Tonic is a quinine-aerated water. prepared from MALT. Strawberry juice. Q. keeping in the dark store with the temperature of 0-12*C. These are the soft drinks are produced DIET or LIGHT. Stella. it is thicker and stronger with containing 10-12% of sugar.26: What is Frozen? A: Title of the cocktail.22: What is BEER? A: Beer is a weak alcoholic drink. Sprite.5-2 years) and 2) matured in bottles from 2 years <VINTAGE PORT>.811. It is served with a teaspoon and saucer into the special dish. Orabgeboom. Pilsner. Dry Ginger Ale (Lemonade from Ginger).
is served with milk pot of boiling milk. Malibu-coconut rum liq. Galliano-from infusion of herbs. Sambuca Malinary-strong liq. . Crème de Ananas-pineapple liqueur. Add fresh boiling water and leave the tea to infuse for 2-3 minutes.. flowers. Cappuccino-prepared from espresso coffee with milk cream. Calypso Coffee-black coffee with coffee liqueur over top milk cream. Q. Grand Marynier-orange liqueur. Baileys-coffee with milk. Crème de Banana-banana liqueur. Southern Comfort-American liqueur on the basis of a bourbon whisky. Q. Blue (Pink. Kahlua-coffee liqueur made in Mexico. Crème de Menthe-of green and white transparency.28: Special Coffee. Crème de Cassis-blackcurrant liqueur. it is served with milk pot of boiling milk. Tia Mariacoffee liqueur made in France. A: SCETO-black coffee without sugar. Yellow.9 Q.30: Coffee/Tea. TEA-use 1 tea bag for each cup or a teapot.. Peter Harring-cherry liqueur. roots and variety of plants. Filter coffee-it is special milled grain of coffee and prepared by coffee machine. with a white transparency. Instant nesscoffee-use 1 coffee bag for each person for a cup and serve separated teapot of boiling water and milk pot of boiling milk. Benedictine-basic of brandy with infusion of herbs. Filfare-orange liqueur prepared from pit of orange. A: Espresso-prepared by coffee machine from grain of grilled mill coffee. Triple Sec-orange liqueur. from anis distillate. White) Curacao-orange liqueur prepared from peel of orange. Green. made in Italy. GLIKI-sweet black coffee. Crème de Cacao-of dark (brown) and white transparency. Amaretto-basic of cognac infusion of apricot pit. Qouintreau.27: LIQUEURS A: Advocaat-egg liqueur.29: Cyprus Coffee. made in France. Batida de Coconat-coconut liq. It is served with glass of cold water. serve with a milk pot of cold milk. METRIO-black coffee with a little of sugar. is served with 3 grains of coffee inside and fired. Irish Coffee-black coffee with Irish whisky over top milk cream. Q. white.. A: Royal Coffee-black coffee with cognac or brandy over the top milk cream. Drambue-basic of scotch whisky with infusion of herbs and roots. Decaffeinated coffee instant coffee without caffeine. Sheridan-3 parts of coffee liqueur and 1 part of vanilla liqueur.
nonalcoholic. HARVEY WALLBANGER-Vodka.32: Long drinks Aperitifs. lime Squash. Campari Orange. Campari Soda. Whisky Cola.10 Q. Coca Cola.31: Definition. a) aperitifs (cocktails and long mixing drinks) b) afternoon (cocktails) c) night (cocktails and long mixing drinks) Q. SCREWDRIVER-vodka and orange juice. Vodka Cola. TEQUILA . orange juice. Gin Tonic. PIMM’S-Pimm’s No1. seven Up. lime squash. Vodka Tonic. classification of mixed drinks. Rum Cola. CUBA LIBRA-Bacardi. A: Alcoholic. Galliano.
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