iNFORMATION MANUAL

THE

INFORMATION MANUAL

PURPOSE

It not kept

and

airplane.

cannot official FAA Flight Manual.

sections in

Pilot's

the

BY

15, may be

Published by PUBLICATIONS DEPARTMENT Piper Aircraft Corporation 753 815

Issued: April 1971

REVISIONS

REVISIONS ISSUED

Current I are as follows:

to the PA-34

issued

815

Revision

1971

8 5

Revision

1, I

Revision

December 13,

7

Revision

Dated

8 815

)

(F/M

& W/B) Revised Gen.

Chart

& TAS

753815 (PR720915)

Permanent Revision (F 1M)

Dated September 15, 1972

TABLE OF CONTE

NS

A

APP

o

o

GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

Performance . . . .. 1-1

Altitude Speeds (mph) . 1-1

Weights 1-2

Power Plant . . . . . . .. 1-2

Fuel and Oil . . . . . . . . .. .

Baggage Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 1

Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . " 1-2

Landing Gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 1

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OIL

1-2

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LANDING GEAR

Tire Size

Nose Main

Nose (six-ply rating) Main (eight-ply rating)

7.0 11.1 31 50 6.00 x 6 6.00 x 6

Wheel Base (ft) Wheel Tread (ft) Tire Pressure (psi)

GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS ISSUED: April 15, 1971

1

1-4

DESCRIPTION AIRPLANE AND SYSTEM

The Airplane . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Airframe. . . . . . . . . . . , .

Engines . .

Propellers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Landing Gear System .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Flight Control Systems .

Fuel System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .

Electrical System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. .

Vacuum System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Instrument Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . " .

Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .

Ventilating and Defrosting . . . . . . . . . . .

Finish . . .

Baggage .

Stall Warning .

2-1 2-1 2-2 2-4 2-4 2-9 2-10 2-12 2-16 2-18 2-18 2-20 2-22 2-22 2-22 2-22

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AIRPLANE AND

THE AIRPLANE

propellers tum in the same direction.

AIRFRAME

the steel

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SENECA

pressure when servo regulator rather

than the nozzles, more uniform cylinder head temperatures result and longer engine life is

Mounted on top of the engine is

the cylinders. divider

ported fuel flow divider with four nozzle lines routed

loaded shut-off valve. Within each

the of

Induction air for the engine enters an air scoop located on the outboard side of the lower

cowl. The is directed and thence the To

the air providing heated alternate air which does not pass through the filter. Located in the air box between the filter and servo regulator is a valve which is manually operated by the alternate air control below the power quadrant. air IS the crossover tube, it gives extra protection against icing in the system caused by snow or freezing rain. Alternate air should not be used during ground operation because the unfiltered air may contain dust and other contamination. The primary induction source should always be used for take-off.

All throttle operations should be made with a smooth, not-too-rapid movement to prevent

unnecessary engine wear, or damage to dynamic on the

The pilot should read and follow the procedures recommended in the Lycoming Operator's

for in order to obtain maximum efficiency time between vl1)"oUll'"

overhauls.

L

PULL-CLOSE COWL FLAP

PUSH-OPEN

R

_j

Cowl Flap Control

AIRPLANE AND SYSTEMS 5, 1

2-3

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PROPELLERS

Counter-rotation of the propellers provides balanced thrust during take-off and climb and eliminates the "critical engine" factor in single-engine flight.

are constant speed, controllable pitch, pressure. Compressed air may be used pressure sends the propeller pressure sends the

2-4

AIRPLANE AND SYSTEMS ISSUED: April 15, 1971

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GEAR

UP

25 MPH MAX.

o

50 MPH MAX

Landing Gear Actuator

AIRPLANE AND SYSTEMS ISSUED: April 15, 1971

2-6

UP

CHECK VALVE

RETRACTiON

PRESSURE CONTROL

LCFT MAiN GEAR YDRAULiC

UP

!

DOWN

r----I

NOSE GEAR C

UP

1

DOWN

PRESSURE SWITCH

Hydraulic System Schematic

AIRPLANE SYSTEMS

ISSUED: April 15, 1971

/

Console

2-10

AIRPLANE AND SYSTEMS ISSUED: April IS, 1971

SENECA

f-
Z
a:: w
0 >
f-
'-' ;!:
w 0
a:: -0 _j
w ?' u,
9 _j _j
> w w
zs :::J :::J
LL LL SENECA

SYSTEM

burn out or its circuit breaker may trip.

2-12

AIRPLANE AND SYSTEMS ISSUED: April 15, 1971

SENECA

SENECA

THIS

2-14

BLANK.

AIRPLANE AND SYSTEMS ISSUED: April 15, 1971

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3~'!IJ:

\

/ 2

I OVER,

VOLT RELA:

OV LIGHTS

I

RIGHT ALTERNATOR

LEFT ALTERNATOR

1

~--_...('i !

1.1

F

I !

\1 STARTER r-. SWITCH

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of the the

instruments.

Air are in the vacuum system to increase the life of the gyros. are

mounted behind the instrument panel in the upper corners of baggage compartment and

should be cleaned regularly.

*Optional Equipment

2-16

AIRPLANE AND SYSTEMS ISSUED: April 15, 1971 REVISED: November 1, 1971

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C
...I
0 ...let
u, «~
z et...l
« 1-- w
:2 zll.. et Z
wa: 0 e
0- l-
e:( « z
...I w
::J l-
e> u,
w w :i!!
a: ...I ::J
::J
U
«
:> Q..
:e
::>
Q..
:e
a: ::>
0 el ::>
I- z u
« w «
...I >
::> I-
e :r
w S!
a: a: SENECA

INSTRUMENT PANEL

by point of the system.

2-18

AIRPLANE AND SYSTEMS ISSUED: April 15, 1971

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REA TING, VENTILATING AND DEFROSTING SYSTEM

2-20

AIRPLANE AND SYSTEMS ISSUED: April 15, 1971

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L FRESH AIR INLET

2. FRESH AIR AND TEMPERATURE

CONTROL ASSEMBLY

3. HEAT EXCHANGER

4. HEAT AND DEFROST VALVE

5. DUCT ASSEMBLY

6. FRESH AI R OUTLET

7. DEFROSTER OUTLET

¢ FRESH AIR

~ DEFROSTER AIR • HEATED AIR

Heat and Ventilating System

DEFROST

and Defroster

1

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SEATS

flaps are in the from that of the landing gear warning horn.

2-22

AIRPLANE AND SYSTEMS ISSUED: April 15, 1971

AIRPLANE FLIGHT MANUAL

Log of Revisions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. iii

Limitations

Procedures

7

Emergency Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. I 1

Performance 19

Supplements 21

AIRPL NE FLIGH

FOR

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ANUAL

R S .p . 4·

MANU URER S SER • 4w

REGIS RATION N

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Log of Revisions

iii

SECTION I

Limitations . ..

A. Engines . .

B. Fuel .

C Propellers D. Instrument

1 1 1 1

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C. Emergency Procedures .....

1. Detecting a Dead Engine .

2. Feathering Procedure

3. Unfeathering Procedure .

4. Fuel Management During Single Engine Operation

5. Engine Failure During Takeoff

6. Engine Failure During Climb ....

7. Single Engine Landing . . . . . . . .

8. Single Engine Go-Around .

9. Manual Extension of Landing Gear.

10. Landing Gear Unsafe Warnings .....

11. Gear-Up Emergency Landing

12. Electrical Failures .....

13. Vacuum Systems Failures ..

14. Engine Fire

15. Spins .

SECTION III Performance . . . . •

A. StaRr,... .\\~ . t. ]'0wer Off Stalls ~p~er on Stalls . . ... Stall Warning SY~t;:Ht.

\CalIbrated Airspeed) vs Angle of Bank

13 13 13 14 14 14 14 16 16 17

19 19 19 19 19

B.

19

Sup 21

.. A:\ / Trim Installation 23

R \AutoControl III Installation . 24

C.'*AltiMatic IIIB-J Installation . . 25

D. AltiMatic V /FD Installation . . 26

E. Windshield Heating Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . " 28

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LOG OF REVISIONS

Revision

3

4

5

6

and

3

H. W. Barnhouse

Under Section IV added item D. Added AltiMatic V /FD Installation. Added entire contents of page. Added page.

Added page.

July 7, 1972

9·~~·' •

, 'H. W. Barnhouse

ii 10 11 12

Changed page nos. under Item c., Section II. Note added.

Contents rearranged.

Contents rearranged.

August 2, 1972

~~

7

ii

Added Item E. - Windshield Heating Installation to Section IV.

Added Windshield Heating Placards.

Added E. - Windshield Installation.

6

21, 28

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'rmSPAGE INTENTI9NALL¥UFT BLANK

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LIMITATIONS

The

A.

ENGINE LIMITS

For operations 2700 RPM, 200 HP

c.

D.

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TACHOMETER

Arc (Normal Operating Range)

Red Arc (Avoid continuous operation) Red Line (Maximum)

500 RPM to 2200 RPM & 2400 RPM to 2700 RPM 2200 RPM to 2400 RPM 2700 RPM

EUEL PRESSURE

Green Arc (Normal Operating Range) Red Line (Maximum)

Red Line (Minimum)

14 PSJtoS5 PSI

1 .. J5 PSI

14PSI

EUEL FLOW

Red Line (Maximum)

19.2 GPH

CYLINDER HEAD TEMPERATURE Arc (Normal Range) (Maximum)

SENECA

I.

94.6

80.7

82.0

86.4

NOTES

1. Straight between the

2. Datum is 78.4 inches forward inboard edge of the inboard

3. It is the rpcn",.nc

assure the

allowable gross Balance Sectieri"

the

The unusable flight attitudes. tanks)

as gallons in critical

is the total.per sloe, each side having two interconnected

J. V( :Btf

\. ~le in this

'.>galloRgis the total per

., \}

K. 'PLACARDS In full view.Bft~· WjJo$.:

. \~ut$ AIRPLANE MUST BE OPERATED AS CAtEGORY AIRPLANE IN COMPLIANCE

OPERATING STATED

PLACARDS, AND

MANEUVERS

determined as 47.5 gallons in each wing (47.5 having two interconnected tanks).

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1. "DEMONSTRATED CROSSWIND COMPONENT 15 MPH"

2. "MINIMUM SINGLE ENGINE CONTROL SPEED 80 MPH"

3 "ROUGH AIR OR MANEUVERING SPEEDS"

"2743 LB GW - 133 MPH"

"4000 LB GW 146 MPH"

4. "GEAR DOWN 150 MPH MAX;~

"GEAR UP 125MPH MAX'"

"EXTENDED ISO MPH'MAX"

Near emergency gear release:

"EMERGENCY GEAR EXTENSION, .PULL TORBLEASE"

Near gear

switch:

UP "DOWN

MPH MAX" MPH MAX"

SENECA

"T AKEOFF CHECKLIST Fuel Selectors On

Electric Fuel Pumps On Alternators On

Engine Gauges Checked Mixtures Set

Propellers Set

Alt. Air Off

Cowl Flaps Set

Seat Backs Erect

Flaps Set

Trim Set (Stab. & f.t1Od~r) Fasten Belts/Hqn:leSi> Controls F~~'f;'.ull travel Doors ~tc"'e(,F' .

"\, -, -.

4:;~NDING, CfIECKLIST ~~ .... ~.acks"Erect fllsteri Belts/Harness Fllel Selectors On Cowl Flaps ~et Electric Fu~llful}\psOn Mix tttl'es.]\ich. p~ell~f~'5e.! G~tDil-wn·

"t'!p~! set ~ 125 MPH Max."

to fuel tank filler cap:

"FUEL - 100/130 AVIATION GRADE - 47.5 GAL."

CAPACITY

SENECA

On storm window:

"DO NOT OPEN ABOVE 150 MPH."

On instrument panel:

"OIL COOLER WINTERIZATION PLATE TO BE REMOVED WHEN AMBIENT TEMPERATURE EXCEEDS 500 F."

On

below

control pedestal with windshield

"WINDSHIELD PANEL HEAT - SEE AIRCRAF~ FLIC:eT MANUAL."

L.

all

On installation:

with

SENECA

A.

3.

RPM or more.

engine cranking. 3. CIRCUIT BREAKERS

4.

To

C. EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

1. DETECTING A DEAD ENGINE

a. Loss of Thrust

b. of aircraft will yaw in direction of dead engine (with coordinated

controls)

2. FEATHERING PROCEDURE The

only while the engine is RPM will actuate

1}, LarttliRg

1) Fuel selector of operating engine in "ON" position. (2) Fuel selector of inoperative engine in "OFF" position. (3) Electric fuel pump of operating engine "ON."

5.

8.

- forward. Propeller - forward. Throttle - open. Flaps - retract.

e. Landing Gear - retract.

f. Airspeed one engine inoperative

g. Trim - set.

h. Cowl Flap - as required (operating

105 MPH.

SENECA

SENECA

b. In the that one ( 1) Turn off all electrical loads, (2) Turn off the alternator

master switch.

associated with the overvoltage trip

warning.

(3) While observing ammeters, turn the alternator switch momentarily on to verify that the alternator output is excessive, then leave the alternator switch in the off position.

(4) Turn electrical equipment on as required but do not5!4ceed 50 amperes output.

c. In case of loss of electrical power (assuming battery depleted):

(1) Reduce electrical load by turning off all ~ettic~r loads, except the master switch.

(2) Check alternator circuit breakers andrreset if necessary.

(3) Cycle alternator switches OFF cMld ONwhile observing ammeters for

output indication. (.\ .. < ••

(4) If step (3) fails, cycle ~er\swltdhPPF, then ON. (5) When power is re-~st~Ji@ltd

(a) The altemafoss ···wiUoperate adequately, with, the battery depleted; under limited loads not exceeding 40a,~hes.

(b )ys~ ~1tctrieaI equipment so that the 50 amperes on each aN;uneter will not be exceeded.

d. 1t\,,,,,,s~6f1~;bf output from 000 alternator:

(1 )~ed.~ce electrical load as necessary to keep alternator output to 50 amperes or less.

(2) Check alternator circuit breakers, reset if necessary.

(3) Cycle the alternator switch for the inoperative alternator OFF, then ON.

(4) If step.(3)faHs to restore output:

(a) Maintain conditions of step (I) to continue flight.

(b) -. Take corrective maintenance action before further flights.

Incase of alternator output loss due to an engine failure, reduce the iclectricalload as necessary to keep the alternator output to 50 amperes or less.

WARNING

Compass error may exceed 100 with both alternators inoperative.

~E~~Rr:VB~Sl PAGE l~

. . .\M9D~~\~A-3,4-l~

SENECA

13.

of will necom

of indication on the gauge. A red button or vacuum pump

b.

lower than

inches

L''-'O,vvllU to an if possible,

vacuum can be maintained.

4.

FIRE

R$1~O~lT V1f353 PAGE I L: ,p ~34-200

SENECA

SENECA

SENECA

A.

SENECA

PAGE INTENl'.IQ.·.·.NAb~;Y.)LEFT BLANK.

j' " "'/"

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SECTION IV

SUPPLEMENTS

NOTE

A FLIGHT MANUAL THE AIRPLANE EQUIPMENT WHICH IS SUPPLEMENT IS INSTALLED.

OF

A.

B.

c.

D. AIdMatic V jFD Installation Winashield

SENECA

A.

L

2. PROCEDURES

a. Preflight (1)

trim.

SENECA

ma-r

L LIMITATIONS

a.

c.

PROCEDURES

a. Preflight

(1) Circuit breaker - Set (2) (3)

(4)

altitude loss.

3. PERFORMANCE

NOTE

this

AUTOPILOT RELEASE - Disengage autopilot by operating

switch on left side of pilot's control wheel. Ascertain that

servos disengaged by free movement of controls.

SENECA

3.

WEIGHT AND BALANCE

Log of Revisions .. Weight and Balance

Weight and Balance Data Weighing Procedure

Weight and Balance Data .

C. G. Range and Weight Instructions.

Instructions for Using the Weight and Balance Plotter Sample Problem

Equipment List .

iii

3 6 7

10 12 13

FOR

MODEL PA-34·200

IAt NOS. J4.E4, 34-7250001 THRU 34-7250214 iNCLUSIVE

INDEX - WEIGHT AND BALANCE

Log of Revisions Weight and Weight Weight and

C

L M.

iii I

6

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LOG OF REVISIONS

Revision No.

Description

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WEIGHT AND BALANCE

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WEIGHT AND BALANCE DATA

WEIGHING PROCEDURE

At the time of delivery, Piper Aircraft Corporation provides each ""Tnl""" empty weight and center of gravity location.

with the licensed

The removal or addition of an excessive amount equipment

modifications can affect the licensed empty weight and empty following a weighing procedure to determine this location:

L PREPARATION

a

2. LEVELING

a.

on

position.

b.

airplane (see

to

level.

*' The is 78.4 inches ahead of the

leading edge at the inboard edge of the inboard fuel tank.

SENECA

b.

Obtain measurement "A" by a plumb bob dropped from

the wing leading edge, at the of straight and tapered

section, horizontally and parallel to the airplane centerline, to the main wheel centerline.

c.

Obtain measurement "B" by measuring the distance from the main wheel centerline, horizontally and parallel to the airplane centerline, to each side of the nose wheel axle. Then average the measurements.

d.

The empty weight center of gravity (as weighed iriC;h4irig'i)rtiohal equipment and undrainable oil) can be deterrniped by the ["flowing

formula: .

C.G. Arm = 78.4 + A-

C. G. Arm = 78.4 + (

inches

5

Arm Moment

+3090

103.0

6

SENECA

C. G. RANGE AND WEIGHT INSTRUCTIONS

1. Add the weight of all items to be loaded to the licensed empty weight.

2. Use the loading graph to determine the moment of all items to be carried in the airplane.

3. Add the moment of all items to be loaded to the licensed empty weight momen,t.:

,"-""

4. Divide the total moment by the total weight to determine the e.G. 10cat;tOJl;

5. By using the figures of Item 1 and Item 4, locate

If the point falls within the C'G. envelope, the iVQlU1l1" requirements.

SAMPLE LOADING

Moment (In-Lbs)

SENECA

AND PILOT TO ASCERTAIN THAT ALLOWABLE WEIGHT VS. CENTER

IT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE AIRPLANE ALWAYS REMAINS WITHIN OF GRAVITY ENVELOPE WHILE IN FLIGHT.

4000---

Max. Gross Wt.

88

3200-

Weight Vs

82 84 86 88 90 92 94

C.G. Location (

Moment

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L

5

the

2.

the

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EQUIPMENT LIST

The following is a list of equipment which may be installed in the PA-34. Items marked

with an "X" items installed was delivered by the manufacturer.

Item

Item

Weight Lbs,

Cert. Basis

A.

and

TC P920

64.

o

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Weight Ann Aft Cert.
Item Item Lbs. Datum Moment Basis
C. Landing Gear and Brakes
Two Main Wheel - Brake Assemblies \T~\~1~a
40-90 Wheel Assembly (Cleveland)
30-65 Brake Assembly (Cleveland) 1,~~C115a
Two Main 8 Ply Rating Tires
6.00-6 Type III with Regular Tubes
(18.8 lbs. each) 37.6 109~~ 4128 TC A7S0

One Nose Wheel Assembly
38501 Wheel Assembly (Cleveland) C26a
One 6 Ply Rating Tire
6.00-6 Type III Regular Tube 319 A7S0 A7S0

41.5

TC A7S0

91

SENECA

SENECA

Item

F,

0.9 41

Ann Aft

Moment

Cert. Basis

A7S0

.3

A7S0

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