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COMMUNITY MEDICINE

1. COMMUNITY MEDICINE
A. Social Hygiene is the scientific study of the nature and growth of society and
social behavior of people
B. Social Mobility describes a person’s position in society
C. Population is a group of objects or organisms of the same kind (True)
D. Medical care is broader than, and not limited to Health care
E. Ecosystem is the human life of a region considered in relation to the environmental
factors that influence it

2. COMMUNITY MEDICINE
A. Sickness is a condition in which the equilibrium of the body and its function/s
is disturbed
B. Disease is a state of social dysfunction
C. Population is a group of objects or organisms of the same kind (True)
D. Medical care is broader than, and not limited to health care
E. According to Mc Keown’s Classification of Disease, Thalassaemia and
Down’s Syndrome are the examples of post-natal disorders

3. COMMUNITY MEDICINE
A. Community is a geographic locale or a group of people working toward an
uncommon issue
B. Horizontal Mobility means the movement of an individual upward or
downward in the social structure
C. Comprehensive Health Care is the provision of personal and impersonal health
services (True)
D. Five Star Doctor of the WHO should be a good looking clean person
E. Socio-economic status describes a person’s position in society on the basis of
race

4. SOCIAL MEDICINE
A. Study of man in his total environment (True)
B. Science of prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted infections
C. A process in which people function on their own behalf in health promotion
and prevention
D. Study of all those factors which contribute towards healthful living
E. Sociology deals with all those factors which effect man either directly or
indirectly
5. SOCIAL STRATIFICATION
A. Caste is the position in society; that may be ascribed or achieved
B. Status is a closed form of social stratification in which status is determined by
birth and is life long
C. Class is a closed form of stratification based primarily on the economic status,
which may be subject to change
D. Community is a geographic locale or a group of people working toward a
common issue (True)
E. Households do not consist of unrelated persons

6. LEVELS OF PREVENTION
A. The natural history of any disease of man has two stages i.e. Prepathogenesis and
Post pathogenesis
B. Prepathogenesis is the preliminary interaction of Agent, Host and Environmental
factors (True)
C. Primary prevention aims to reduce prevalence by shortening the duration of the
disease
D. Health Education is the component of specific protection
E. Disability limitation and rehabilitation are included in secondary prevention

7. SECONDARY PREVENTION INCLUDES


A. Speed limits
B. Marriage & sexual counseling
C. Teaching parents first aid skills
D. Fire extinguishers kept in the house
E. Screening (True)

8. EARLY DIAGNOSIS AND PROMPT TREATMENT IS


A. Primary Prevention
B. Tertiary Prevention
C. Periodic Selective Examinations
D. Case Finding (True)
E. Work Therapy in hospitals

9. CASES THAT DO NOT REPRESENT SUB-MERGED PORTION OF THE ICE


BERG
A. Unrecognized cases
B. Undiagnosed cases
C. Sub clinical cases
D. Carriers
E. Diagnosed cases (True)

10. PRIMARY HEALTH CARE (PHC)


A. The declaration of the International Conference on Population held in Cairo
(Egypt) is, “Health for All by the year 2000 through Primary Health Care”.
B. Equity means equal health care to all
C. The essential Components or elements of a PHC program also include Medical
Education
D. Health care that begins at the time of first encounter between a patient and a
provider of health care is Primary Health Care (True)
E. The Fundamental Component of PHC is the Community Participation at all stages

11. PRIMARY HEALTH CARE (PHC)


A. PHC also includes promotion of health of elderly
B. Efficiency means favorable and desirable effect that is measurable through
indicators
C. Efficiency without effectiveness and equity would be low cost but ineffective and
inaccessible services (True)
D. Promotion of sufficient food and safe water supply is not the component of PHC
E. The declaration of the conference was, “Health for All by the year 2000 through
Primary Prevention”

12. PRIMARY HEALTH CARE (PHC) IN PAKISTAN


A. Minor surgery and maternity services are provided at BHU
B. The RHC is linked to District Headquarters Hospital
C. Catchment area for a BHU is five kilometers
D. Malaria control is an integral part of PHC in Pakistan (True)
E. PHC has been accessible to all individuals and families in the community

13. SELECTIVE PRIMARY HEALTH CARE


A. Comprehensive Primary Health Care is in the reach of most developing countries
B. WHO has proposed a selective approach with emphasis on mother and child health
C. Components of selective PHC are GOBI
D. In Europe, implementation of selective approach showed a decline in infant mortality
by 40% within a decade
E. Female education is one of the components of Selective PHC (True)
14. HEALTH MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM (HMIS)
A. Data is processed or meaningful information that conveys some message
B. HMIS is the system which provides an unorganized method of collecting data and
transforming it into information, to be used for management decision making
C. Management of health organizations is simple, easy and relatively inexpensive
D. A health system includes all actions whose primary purpose is to promote, restore or
maintain health (True)
E. Health service utilization rate is the number of visits paid to the health services per
individual per month

15. DISEASE
A. Is physiological disorder
B. Is psychological dysfunction
C. Is physiological & psychological dysfunction (True)
D. Is unimpaired body health

16. ICEBERG OF DISEASE


A. Is foreseen cases of community
B. Is to refer unseen cases in community (True)
C. Is invisible portion of community
D. Is visible portion of disease in community
E. Is block of ice in community

17. KEY CONCEPTS OF PHC AREe


A. Equality , efficiency & effectiveness
B. Equity , effectiveness & efficiency (True)
C. Effectively , equality & efficiency
D. Activity ,equality & efficiency
E. Equity , effectiveness & efficacy