Seminar Report’10


The Internet is changing the field of television broadcasting in much the same way it has changed and is changing other fields. Operating environments are opening up, access to the field is becoming easier, new business models are being born and old ones disappearing, services are becoming more globalised, and the customers’ position and freedom of action are improving. On the other hand, for the customer this signifies an increase in the data security risks related to television and a sense of uncontrollability and chaos – creating a counterpoint to the shared media experiences that used to bring the nation together. The transfer of moving images in IP protocol-based networks has gradually become more common. Nowadays, video material of differing quality is available on the Internet and that material’s quality and usability in consumers’ terminal devices is dependent on the load placed on the transmission equipment and network, consumers’ connection speeds and the used terminal device’s capacity. IPTV is basically a fusion of voice, video, and data service. It is not a new idea or, rather, development, but it is a result of high bandwidth and high speed Internet access. In earlier days, the speed of the Internet did not suit the concept and, as a result, it affected the voice and video services. In recent times, the speed of Internet and bandwidth has increased considerably, making IPTV prevail and become reasonably successful.

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Since it is in digital format. With wireless.AN OVER VIEW Internet Protocol Television (IPTV) is a rapidly maturing technology for the delivery of broadcast TV and other media-rich services over a secure.Seminar Report’10 IPTV IPTV. viewing of stored programming. end-to-end operator managed broadband IP data network. access control and management of video content. Triple play implies high-speed Internet and television / telephone service over a single broad band connection. it is called quadruple play and grouped services (triple and quadruple) are called multi-play. personalized program guides. 2 2 LBS Kasaragod . controlled by service operators such as telecome. IPTV delivers television programming to households via a broad band connection. movies on demand. IPTV broadly encompasses a rich functionality that ranges from the acquisition. It offers end-users total control and high entertainment value. and a host of interactive and multimedia services. Accordingly. all analogue TVs require an IPTV set-top box (STB). collectively referred as triple play. cable or Internet service providers. encoding and decoding. using Internet protocols. IPTV is clubbed with other services like video-ondemand (VoD) . IPTV comprises TV services provided over network. voice-over IP (VOIP) or digital phone and Web access. to the delivery of digital TV.

Several important differences exist between the two types of delivery. To differentiate these two models is in general quite challenging. video can be streamed to households more efficiently than current coaxial cable. The primary difference is the way in which the content is delivered. managed network. global Internet. Carrying video over a proprietary network allows protection of content and control of video quality without worrying about the privacy and quality issues. IPTV uses standard networking protocols. 3 3 LBS Kasaragod . it promises lower costs for operators and lower prices for users. This includes features such as caller ID and SMS (short messaging service) along with more targeted advertising. and understanding these differences will help those involved decide which best suits their needs. Using set-top boxes with broadband Internet connections. While Internet TV travels over the open. more reliable and more consistent viewing experience. high traffic or poor connection quality.Seminar Report’10 IPTV IPTV VS INTERNET TV Consider the difference between IPTV and Internet Television different. The end result of IPTV delivery is a higher quality. but IPTV brings these capabilities to the TV screen. Both Internet video and IPTV offer interactivity. IPTV uses a private. Besteffort Internet video can be subject to delays due to lower bandwidth. public.

and it is even both operator and consumer friendly. In addition to its higher speed. the copper was already paid for by the phone service and the fiber/DSL by the broadband service. Therefore. this facility will be extended to other current television carriers. 6. it can record multiple programs at once by use of digital video recorders (DVR). 4. Later on. Therefore. IPTV is not a costly affair. IPTV promises both lower costs for operators and lower prices for consumers. 3. 5. video can be streamed to households more efficiently compared to signaling by coaxial cable. The use of set-top boxes through broadband or DSL Internet is very helpful to transfer video signals. Because it uses the Internet and sends less information compared to standard analog or digital television. Content sources. 4 4 LBS Kasaragod . Wide area distribution networks Customer access links Customer premises equipment IPTV client 2. The blocks that constitute IPTV are: 1. Service nodes. In ROI terms. IPTV only has incremental costs.Seminar Report’10 IPTV IPTV ARCHITECTURE Telephone companies will most likely be the first ones to offer IPTV service.

5 5 LBS Kasaragod .Seminar Report’10 IPTV Figure 1: IPTV System Architecture Figure illustrates a generic IPTV system architecture to support applications such as digital (broadcast) television and Video on Demand (VoD).

then reformats and encapsulates them for transmission with appropriate Quality of Service (QoS) indications to the wide-area network for delivery to customers. Customer Access Links Customer delivery of IPTV is provided over the existing loop plant and the phone lines to homes using the higher-speed DSL technologies such as ADSL2+ and VDSL 5. and may include other integrated functions such as routing gateway. necessary for the reliable and timely distribution of IPTV data streams from the Service Nodes to the Customer Premises. 2. Wide Area Distribution Networks This provides the distribution capability. stores content in an acquisition database. such as multicast. encodes the content and. for VoD. capacity. Service Nodes communicate with the Customer Premises Equipment (CPE) for service management and with the IPTV service for the subscriber. 4. and other sources. Content Sources IPTV Content Sources’ represents a functionality that receives video content from producers. session and digital rights management. set-top box and home networking capabilities. the CPE device located at the customer premise provides the broadband network termination (B-NT) functionality at a minimum. Service Nodes The ‘Service Nodes’ represents a functionality that receives video streams in various formats.Seminar Report’10 1. 3. Customer Premises Equipment (CPE) In the IPTV context. quality of service and other capabilities. 6 6 LBS Kasaragod .

channel change functionality. IPTV Client IPTV The IPTV Client is the functional unit. which includes setting up the connection and QoS with the Service Node. decoding the video streams. that performs the functional processing. such as a set-top box. This is a device. and connections to user appliances such as a standard-definition TV or HDTV monitors 7 7 LBS Kasaragod . user display control.Seminar Report’10 6. which terminates the IPTV traffic at the customer premises.

Network Personal Video Recording is a consumer service where real-time broadcast television is captured in the network on a server allowing the end user to access the recorded programs on the schedule of their choice. The playback of IPTV requires either a personal computer or a settop box connected to a TV. However. N-PVR (Network-based Personal Video Recorder) is also using the Real Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP). • • VOD is using the Real Time Streaming Protocol (RTSP). rather than being tied to the broadcast schedule. as well as other limitations. Subscribers can choose from the programmes available in the network-based library. This bypasses the strict copyright and licensing regulations.Seminar Report’10 IPTV IPTV PROTOCOLS IPTV covers both live TV (multicasting) as well as stored video (Video on Demand VOD). that often prevent the network itself 8 8 LBS Kasaragod . IP Multicast is a method in which information can be sent to multiple computers at the same time. In standards-based IPTV systems. without needing yet another device or remote control. many people would still prefer to have their own PVR device. when they want. as it would allow them to choose exactly what they want to record. Video content is typically compressed using either a MPEG-2 or a MPEG-4 codec and then sent in an MPEG transport stream delivered via IP Multicast in case of live TV or via IP Unicast in case of Video on Demand. the primary underlying protocols used are: • Live TV uses IGMP version 2 or IGMP version 3 for IPv4 for connecting to a multicast stream (TV channel) and for changing from one multicast stream to another (TV channel change).

which converts the television content to an IP network-compatible format and transmits it into homes via operators’ broadband backbone and access networks. The channels are routed to the transmission center’s signal converter equipment. Reception 2. In homes.Seminar Report’10 IPTV IPTV SERVICE ARCHITECTURE IPTV is still young with regard to its extensive commercial utilization. Transmission centre 3. 9 9 LBS Kasaragod . Figure 2 illustrates the components required for implementing IPTV services. Background systems 4. IPTV operators receive digital satellite channels by satellite antenna and digital terrestrial services by UHF antenna. IP STB in the customer’s home. the main components are 1. IPTV services are received by an IP STB whose software and updates are managed by a configuration server located in the transmission centre. Broadband networks 5.

which are distributed over the operator’s broadband networks in the case of geographically large implementations and as the number of customers grows.Seminar Report’10 IPTV Figure 2: IPTV service architecture The IPTV system’s most crucial component is the software that enables service and customer management in the transmission centre (middleware) and which integrates the different elements of the IPTV system into a single entity. These 10 10 LBS Kasaragod . The software directs the traffic between the transmission centre and IP STB. and serves as the customer’s television user interface. providing the TV program guide and a subscription system for additional services. It also manages the opening and closing of services and channels for customers. IPTV’s additional services are provided from separate distribution servers.

Operators can enable their IPTV subscribers to access the Internet through broadband networks by way of routers. 11 11 LBS Kasaragod . IPTV also require an encryption solution for securing content and creating customers’ rights The IPTV system communicates with the background systems through middleware. among other things. and the VoIP service to access the landline telephone network through gateways.Seminar Report’10 of use. Background systems enable invoicing.

However. The IPTV service does not place special requirements on consumers’ television sets. because it enables consumers to use the Internet simultaneously to watching television.Seminar Report’10 IPTV IPTV FROM THE CONSUMER’S PERSPECTIVE Figure 3: IPTV customer equipment In order to use an IPTV service. 8 Mbps has become the standard minimum requirement. Consumers can use the television service by remote control or wireless keyboard. Consumers can connect their computers and VoIP service equipment to a broadband modem. The broadband modem is connected by an Ethernet cable or by a wireless connection to the IP STB. The IP STB is connected by a cable to the television and includes a connection to which it is possible to connect stereo equipment. IPTV’s pay television content is encrypted so that only those customers who have paid 12 12 LBS Kasaragod . consumers need a broadband connection and modem. An IPTV service that is implemented using modern technology requires a connection with a data speed of 5 to 6 Mbps at least. which is only suitable for receiving a digital television service that is compressed to the IP network. which the IPTV provider may have included in the customer equipment.

and satellite TV providers have offered subscribers in the past. This is possible because it has a combination of two-way interactive capability. Another utility with IPTV is that it has more content variety with a larger number of channels to choose depending on the customers' preferences. 13 13 LBS Kasaragod . It will reach its target group no matter whether the subscribers are in the mass markets. cable. digital pay channels are encrypted using the Conax system. The major applications and services enabled by IPTV. in specialized groups. This association is built-in and tied to a robust internal network. The function of conventional broadcast. cable.Seminar Report’10 IPTV for it can receive it. Therefore. Digital Broadcast TV IPTV has the full potential to offer various high-quality services and much more than what traditional broadcast. subscribers are enjoying the facility to broaden the unique experience at home or in their business. However. customers must acquire a pay television card from the service provider.e. in which case a pay television card is not required. This is inherent in IPTV because of its association with IP. APPLICATION AND SERVICES The applications for IPTV deployment are to provide the delivery of digital broadcast television and also the selected VoD. For Conax decryption. In Finland. and satellite TV is to provide all channels simultaneously (i. broadcast) to the subscriber home. The IPTV consumers will get the freedom to control what they want to watch and also when they want to watch. or spread out in demographic communities. which can also be utilized in IPTV. Such application enables service providers to offer the so-called "triple play." which is video. IPTV services also utilize software-based DRM encryption. This makes a promising start especially as customers can choose from its diversified content.. IPTV is unique and different from all conventional groups. 1. IPTV only delivers those channels which are being viewed by the subscriber and has the potential to offer practically an 'unlimited' number of channels. voice and data.

will be available. Video calling too. a service provider can conserve bandwidth in their core and access networks. Video on Demand (VoD) VoD is a service which provides television programs per the demands of the subscribers. a viewer has get the facility to check out detailed information about the product instantly and . through IPTV. can also make the purchase there and then.Seminar Report’10 IPTV 2. 4. Multicast By using the IP multicast feature in providing an IPTV service. But. It has a live access through live connection. remote education. The users interactively request and can receive television channels. the service provider may only deliver a single video stream. such as news events in real time. This platform will therefore increase the rate of impulse buying. wherein a viewer sees an advertisement and then goes to the store to find out more about the item or purchase it. On-demand advertising This technology multiplies opportunities for advertisers as unlike other applications. at the same time. and home security/monitoring cameras. to large extend. The VoD application provides freedom to the individual subscribers to select a video content and view it at their convenience. can be facilitated on an IPTV connection. When more than one user is viewing the same channel in a home network. the home network technology must be competent to distribute this towards multiple users on the home network. These television services are beamed from previously stored media consisting of entertainment movies or education videos. such as video telephony and video conferencing. 3. Viewers can watch callers on their TV screens and also watch TV programs at the same time. IPTV applications and potential revenue-generating services. 14 14 LBS Kasaragod . IPTV has the technology to track the real viewership of an advertisement. When the initial IPTV infrastructure is in its place.

Seminar Report’10 5. In this regard. Unauthorized users do not have the capacity to view it. Where is the user's security in this regard? It should be a secure network where access is limited only to users and concerned devices within the home. Privacy and Security IPTV Let us look at the important aspect of privacy and security of the subscribers. the user data on the home network is protected and no outsiders or intruders have the power to intercept. 15 15 LBS Kasaragod . This is an important factor for the home networks as it uses wireless technologies or shared media technologies such as power line networking. the home network must be a closed one. Further.

However. On the other hand. In this case.Seminar Report’10 IPTV ADVANTAGES OF IPTV It has already been established that IPTV system conserves bandwidth. who could not view the broadcast or watch the same video. The point to remember is that video broadcasts made through IPTV is automatically archived in Real Media format. high-speed data products. But there are many more advantages beyond this.and modem-based Internet service. It is separate from the broadcast TV network that uses MPEG transmission. to view it later. in traditional cable TV networks. both services were delivered via an IP network then. 16 16 LBS Kasaragod . either on or off campus. such as cable. video transmission is beamed over MPEG streams on an explicit portion of the bandwidth. For example. a new level of interactivity among Internet. voice. the delivery of such applications is quite complex due to the separation of IP packets from MPEG streams. overlapping products are possible. This facility allows the students. in such a situation. and video can be established. Interactive TV is a good example which often relies on data-centric applications. which is stored on a real server. In IPTV. This enables new types of services which were previously unavailable over stacked networks. Real Media is not a multicast system and therefore has a limited bandwidth capacity. are delivered over an IP based network. Today. These would be missing if such IP packets delivered all video and data.

the conformance program related to it is critical. which is well defined and relies on open standards. In order to achieve this. and competition. the observation is that there is little coordination among them. it is important to note that this market has built an open system. which is close to what the market has witnessed in the traditional broadcast world. the IPTV market must make itself free from closed solutions. Moreover. However. Now for IPTV the need of the hour is to gain mass acceptance and to reach to the optimum technical and commercial success as per everyone's expectation. To make IPTV successful and perfect as per expectations. it has to guarantee the interoperability between all the building blocks. it is obvious that the standardization process related to it is in its early stages. it can only follow one path. which may hamper the following three goals: innovation. But. so far. development.Seminar Report’10 IPTV CONCLUSION Among the diverse areas within an IPTV solution. 17 17 LBS Kasaragod . but too little. After issuing a standard offer. which are to be addressed. many entities are working. In the different parts of the whole system. In regards to the future of IPTV. it can be observed that one component of a system is a good step forward. • • www.Seminar Report’10 IPTV REFERENCES • 18 18 LBS Kasaragod • • • www.netinsight.blogspot.wikipedia.selectaseminar.

and a host of interactive and multimedia services. personalized program guides. viewing of stored programming. end-to-end operator managed broadband IP data network. 19 19 LBS Kasaragod . access control and management of video content.Seminar Report’10 IPTV ABSTRACT Internet Protocol Television (IPTV) is a rapidly maturing technology for the delivery of broadcast TV and other media-rich services over a secure. movies on demand. IPTV broadly encompasses a rich functionality that ranges from the acquisition. to the delivery of digital TV. encoding and decoding. It offers end-users total control and high entertainment value.

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