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# BS_HHW@19

## Holiday Homework Class - X (2019-20)

COMPULSORY ACTIVITY

Let’s share some tips to make this period fruitful and happy.

• Have meals with your parents. Make these moments precious by sharing your day’s
events, incidents, important happenings, news of that day while you’re sitting together
for at least 30 days.

• Wash your own plates after every meal for at least 15 days. You learn dignity of labour
from such activities.

• Help your parents in cooking. Request your parents to help you make vegetable and fruit
salad.

• Visit your grandparents, spend time with them. Their love and emotional support is very
important for your growth. Share your experiences with them. Ask them to share their
stories with you and make your visit memorable by clicking pictures with them.

• Gather information about fruit bearing plants. Buy some seeds and plant them in pots, in
your garden or in the park near your house. Nurture these plants by watering them
regularly and looking after them. Also, take some pictures of its growth on weekly basis.

English :

Read the lessons of the supplementary book (Footprints without Feet) and create a graphic
organizer for each lesson highlighting its theme, characters, their traits and the plot.

Maths:

Please refer to the NCERT Exemplar for the following questions .The questions are to be
attempted in a thin notebook.

Ch – 2 Polynomials
Ex 2.3 Q7,9
Ex 2.4 Q2,4,5,6

## Ch -3 Pair of Linear Equations in two variables

Ex 3.3 Q 4(iv) , 15 , 17
Ex 3.4 Q 10, 13
Ch 6 Triangles
Ex 6.2 Q7,9
Ex 6.3 Q13
Ex 6.4 Q 11, 14 , 18

## Ch 13 Statistics and Probability

Ex 13.3 Q 11 , 16 , 18
Ex 13.4 Q 9 , 14

SCIENCE

Physics

LIGHT

## Redraw the diagram and show the path of reflected ray.

Q2 Explain why a ray of light passing through the centre of curvature of a concave mirror gets
reflected along the same path?

## Q5 Relate the focal length ‘f ‘ and the radius of curvature ‘R’.

Q6 Which kind of mirror is used in the headlights of a motor car and why?

## Q7 What is focal length of a plane mirror?

Q8 A concave mirror is placed in water. Will there be any change in the focal length? Give reasons.

Q9 Name the type of mirror which always forms a virtual and diminished image.
Q10 A ray of light LM is incident on a mirror as shown in the figure. The angle of incidence for the
ray is the angle between it and the line joining the other points in the figure. Name these two
points.

Q11 Show the direction of the light ray after reflection from the mirror.

## Q12 Can a virtual image be photographed?

Q13 Locate the position of image formed by a concave mirror if the object is at 2F or C.
Q14 Find the focal length of a convex mirror whose radius of curvature is 32cm.
Q15 Name the type of mirror used in:
(a) Solar furnaces
(b) Rear view mirror of a vehicle
(c) Headlights of a car.
Support your answer with reason.
Q16 Draw the ray diagram to show
(i) the position
(ii) nature of the image formed
when an object is placed between focus F and pole P of a concave mirror.

Q17 A concave mirror and a convex lens are held separately in water. What changes (if any) do you
expect in the focal length of either?

Q18 A convex mirror used on an automobile has a focal length of 3m. If a vehicle behind is at a
distance of 5m, find the location of the image.

## Q19 (i) Distinguish between a real and virtual image.

(ii)Distinguish between a convex and concave mirror.
Q20 We have to form an erect image of an object placed in front of a concave mirror of focal length
15cm. Draw the ray diagram.

Q21 Why does a ray falling normally on a plane mirror, retrace its path?

Q22 How do we locate the position of an image in a plane mirror? Show with an example.

Q23 Whatever may be the position of object, the image appears to be erect. Give the nature of
mirror with reason.

Q24 From which surface of a mirror, the polished surface or the silvered surface, does most of the
light reflect?

Q25 Draw a diagram showing the pole, focus, centre of curvature and principal’s axis of a concave
mirror.

Q26 Convex mirrors are used as rear view mirrors in scooters, motorcycles etc. Explain why?

NUMERICALS:

Q1. An object is placed at a distance of 30cm from a concave mirror of focal length 20cm. Where
will the image be formed?

Q2. A 2.0-cm-high object is placed perpendicular to the principal axis of a concave mirror. The
distance of the object from the mirror is 30cm, and its image is formed 60cm from the mirror,
on the same side of the mirror as the object. Find the height of the image formed.

Q3. A 1.2-cm-long pin is placed perpendicular to the principal axis of a convex mirror of focal
length 12 cm, at a distance of 8cm from it. (a)Find the location of the image. (b)Find the height
of the image. (c)Is the image erect or inverted?

Q4. Sunlight is incident on a concave mirror, parallel to its principal axis. The image is formed at a
distance of 12cm from the pole. Find the radius of curvature of the mirror.

Q5. An object is placed at a distance of 20cm from a convex mirror of focal length 25cm.Calculate
the position of the image. Discuss its nature.

Q5. A 2.0-cm-high object is placed at a distance of 20cm from a concave mirror. A real image is
formed at 40cm from the mirror. Calculate the focal length of the mirror and size of the image.

Q6. Find the position, size and the nature of the image formed by a spherical mirror from the
following data. u= -20cm f= -15cm ho= 1.ocm .

Q7. A 2-cm-high object is placed at a distance of 32cm from a concave mirror. The image is real,
inverted and 3cm in size. Find the focal length of the mirror and the position of the image.
Q8. A concave mirror forms an inverted image of an object placed at a distance of 12cm from it. If
the image is twice as large as the object, where is it formed?

Q9. A concave mirror forms an erect image of an object placed at a distance of 10cm from it. The
size of the image is double that of the object. Where is the image formed?

Q10. An object is placed at a distance of 12cmfrom a concave mirror of radius of curvature 16cm.
Find the position of the image.

Q11. An object of height 2cm is placed at a distance of 15cm from a concave mirror of focal length
10cm.Draw a scale diagram to locate the image. From the diagram, find the length of the image
formed.

Q12. The image of an object placed 16cm from a concave mirror is formed at a distance of 24cm
from the mirror. Calculate the possible focal lengths of the concave mirror from this
information.

Q13. An object is placed 20cm from a convex mirror. Its image is formed 12cm from the mirror. Find
the focal length of the mirror.

Q14. An object is placed at a distance of 12cm from a concave mirror. The image formed is real and
four times larger than the object. Calculate the distance of the image from the mirror.

Q15. An object is placed 24cm from a concave mirror. Its image is inverted and doubles the size of
the object. Find the focal length of the mirror and the position where the image is formed.

Q16. Where an object should be placed before a concave mirror of focal length 20cm so that a real
image is formed at a distance of 60cm from it?

Q17. An object is placed at a distance of 12cm from a convex mirror of radius of curvature
12cm.Find the position of the image.

Q18. If the height of the object in the previous problem is 1.2cm, what will be the height of the
image?

Q19. When a concave mirror is placed facing the sun, the sun's rays converge to a point 10cm from
the mirror. Now, an erect,2-cm-long pin is placed 15cm away on the principal axis of the
mirror. If you want to get the image of the pin on a card, where would you place the card? What
would be the nature and height of the image?
CHEMISTRY
Question bank
Chapter -1
Chemical reactions and equations

## Q1. In the electrolysis of water,

a) Name the gas collected at anode and cathode
b) Why is the volume of gas collected at one electrode double than the other?
c) What would happen if dil H2SO4 is not added to water?

Q2. Write the balanced equation for the following chemical reactions.

## (iii) Sodium + Water → Sodium hydroxide + Hydrogen

Q3. What is the colour of ferrous sulphate crystals? How does this colour change after heating?
Name the products formed on strongly heating ferrous sulphate crystals. What type of
chemical reaction occurs in this change?
Q4. Identify the substances oxidised, substances reduced, oxidising agents and the reducing agents
in the following reactions

## i. Keeping food in air tight containers help in preventing rancidity.

ii. Moist air and acidic gases are not good for some metals.
iii. White coloured silver chloride turns grey when kept in sunlight.
iv. Decomposition reaction called the opposite of combination reaction.
v. Can a displacement be a redox reaction?
vi. Corrosion of aluminium is considered to be advantageous.
vii. Hydrogen peroxide is kept in coloured bottles.
viii. Quick lime is used in whitewashing the walls.
ix. Respiration is considered an exothermic process.
x. We cannot stir silver nitrate solution with copper spoon.
xi. Gold and platinum do not get affected even if there is a presence of moist air and acidic gases.
BIOLOGY
Life processes
Q1 Give reasons for the following –
a Walls of ventricles are thick.
b HCl is secreted in the stomach.
c Deer has longer small intestine as compared to Tiger.
Q2 Name the gland that secretes lipase and explain its function.
Q3 Separation of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood is important for humans. Comment
Q4 Nephrons are the structural and functional unit of kidneys .Which substances are reabsorbed
by it that helps in the formation of urine?
Q5 Draw a well labelled diagram of human heart and do any 4 labels
Q6 Define the process of excretion and role of kidneys in osmoregulation.
Q7 Enlist the role of pepsin and trypsin in digestion
Q8 How are alveoli designed for the maximum diffusion of respiratory gases?
Q9 What causes the movement of food inside the alimentary canal?
Q10. Name the part of the cell where breakdown of glucose into pyruvate takes place.
Q11 State the functions of the following :
a) Trachea b) Alveoli c) Nasal cavity
Q12. Differentiate between: ( three points)
a) Aerobic respiration and Anaerobic respiration
b) Breathing and Respiration
Q13. Explain the process of breathing in humans.
Q14 Discuss the mechanism of gaseous exchange between tissues and blood.
Q15 Show with the help of a flow chart the breakdown of glucose in the living organisms.

Q16. A product is formed in our muscles due to breakdown of glucose when there is lack of oxygen.
Identify the product and also mention the effect of this product on humans.
Q17. Analyse the following situation
A seed with a hard seed coat also respire. The respiration helps the seed to gain energy and the
process of germination is initiated. How do seeds with hard seed coat respire?
ECONOMICS

## Prepare an advertisement on an A3 size sheet to promote awareness about Consumer Rights.

Also, give your advertisement an appropriate and interesting tag line/punch line.

## Sanskrit: Worksheets given in the class as a part of the holiday homework.

ihMdI
p~
P`a ,1 , icaik%saa−AQaIxak kao Asptala ko P`abaMQa pr saMtaoYa vya@t krto hue p~ ilaiKe.
P`a ,2, P`aQaanaacaaya- kao p~ ilaiKe ijasamaoM pustkalaya maoM ihMdI kI pi~kaAaoM ko samauicat P`abaMQa krnao kI P`aaqa-naa kI ga[- hao.

iva&apna
P`a ,1 , naIhar hba-la pa]Dr ko ilae ek iva&apna tOyaar kIijae.
P`a ,2 , iksaI na[- caaya p<aI ko ilae iva&apna tOyaar kIijae.

saMvaad laoKna
P`a ,1 , maoT/ao ko saMbaMQa maoM maaÐ AaOr pu~ ko baIca saMvaad ilaiKe.
P`a ,2 , kar caaorI hao jaanao kI irpaoT- ilaKvaanao ko ilae vyai@t va puilasa [Mspo@Tr maoM saMvaad ilaiKe.

AnaucCod

## P`a ,1, ide gae saMkot−ibaMduAaoM ko AaQaar pr ek ivaYaya pr AnaucCod ilaiKe−

k´ jaOsaI saMgait baOize tOsaao[- fla dIna
• saMkot ibaMdu Á saMgait ka mah%%vaÊ sa%saMgait sao cair~ ka inama-la va piva~ haonaaÊ ]dahrNaÊ kusaMgait ek ja,hr ko
samaana
K´ saMGaYa- hI jaIvana hO
• saMkot ibaMdu Á saMGaYa- ka jaIvana maoM mah%%vaÊ manauYya ka kma-z bananaaÊ baaQaaeÐ manauYya kao saahsaI banaatI

BS_HHW-Cls-VI@18