RMUTP RESEARCH JOURNAL

Special Articles :

✭ RAJAMANGALA

ªï∑’Ë Ò ©∫—∫∑’Ë Ò æƒ…¿“§¡ Úıı

UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY PHRA NAKHON : CASE STUDY ON THE

BANANA PRODUCTS DEVELOPMENT

©∫—∫ª∞¡ƒ°…å
Research Articles :

WITH EUCALYPTUS BARK EXTRACT

✭ THE LEARNING STYLES OF STUDENTS OF RIT, CHOTIWET CAMPUS
✭ SURVEY ON FILAMENTOUS BACTERIA IN ACTIVATED SLUDGE PROCESSES IN
CONCENTRATED LATEX RUBBER AND SEAFOOD INDUSTRIES

✭ THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PACKAGES FOR BANANA FLOUR BAKERY
✭ FACTORS AFFECTING THE STUDENTS’ ACHIEVEMENT RESEARCH METHODOLOGY SUBJECT,
RAJAMANGALA UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY PHRA NAKORN, CHOTIWET CAMPUS

✭ CREATING AND EVALUATING THE EFFICIENCY OF COMPUTER ASSISTED INSTRUCTION
PROGRAM FOR COURSES OF PHYSICAL FITNESS

✭ DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM FOR HEAT BALANCE ANALYSIS AND BOILER COMBUSTION
EFFICIENCY CONTROL

Academic Articles:

✭ TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER ON BANANA FLOUR AND FOOD PRODUCTS
✭ SIMULATIONS IN SHEET METAL FORMING INDUSTRY FOR THE 21st CENTURY
✭ THE ADMINISTRATION OF HOTEL BUSINESS FOR KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT :

✭ ¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’√“™¡ß§≈æ√–π§√°—∫∫∑∫“∑°“√«‘®—¬ :
°√≥’»÷°…“°“√æ—≤π“º≈‘μ¿—≥±å®“°°≈⫬
«“√ “√«‘™“°“√·≈–«‘®—¬ ¡∑√.æ√–π§√ ªï∑’Ë Ò ©∫—∫∑’Ë Ò æƒ…¿“§¡ Úıı

SECTION OF VENDORS

ISSN 1906-0432 ISSN ............................

∫∑§«“¡æ‘‡»…

✭ DEVELOPMENT OF THAI INSTANT CURRY PRODUCTS FOR EXPORT INDUSTRY
✭ QUALITY CONTROL AND INSPECTION OF AUTO-PARTS IN QUALITY ASSURANCE (Q.A.)
✭ DEVELOPMENT OF LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE MASONRY UNITS WITH OIL PALM ASH
✭ DYEING AND COLOUR FASTNESS PROPERTIES OF SILK AND COTTON FABRICS DYED

VOL. 1 NO. 1 May 2007

Õ∏‘°“√∫¥’
¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’√“™¡ß§≈æ√–π§√

1

✭ °“√æ—≤π“º≈‘μ¿—≥±åæ√‘°·°ß ”‡√Á®√Ÿª‡æ◊ËÕÕÿμ “À°√√¡°“√ àßÕÕ°

«≈—¬ Àÿμ–‚°«‘∑ ·≈–§≥–

9

✭ °“√§«∫§ÿ¡·≈–°“√μ√«® Õ∫§ÿ≥¿“æ°“√º≈‘μ™‘Èπ à«π¬“π¬πμå
¢ÕßΩÉ“¬ª√–°—π§ÿ≥¿“æ ‚√ßß“πºŸâ√—∫®â“ߺ≈‘μ

¬ÿ∑∏ ‰°¬«√√≥å

21

✭ °“√æ—≤π“Õ‘∞§Õπ°√’μπÈ”Àπ—°‡∫“∑’Ë¡’‡∂⓪“≈å¡πÈ”¡—π‡ªìπ à«πº ¡

æ—™√“«√√≥ ‡°äÕ–‡®√‘≠ ·≈–
‡»√…∞æß…å ‡»√…∞∫ÿªº“
√—μπæ≈ ¡ß§≈√—μπ“ ‘∑∏‘Ï ·≈–§≥–

33

«‘‰≈≈—°…≥å μ“ß“¡ ·≈–
Õÿ¥¡«‘™™å æ≈‡¬’ˬ¡
æπ“≈’ ™’«°‘¥“°“√ ·≈–§≥–

51

✭ °“√æ—≤π“∫√√®ÿ¿—≥±å¢π¡Õ∫®“°·ªÑß°≈⫬

®ÿ±“ æ’√æ—™√–

67

✭ ªí®®—¬∑’Ë¡’§«“¡ —¡æ—π∏å°—∫º≈ —¡ƒ∑∏‘Ï∑“ß°“√‡√’¬π„π«‘™“√–‡∫’¬∫«‘∏’«‘®—¬
¢Õßπ—°»÷°…“¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’√“™¡ß§≈æ√–π§√ «‘∑¬“‡¢μ‚™μ‘‡«™

∑√ß ‘√‘ «‘™‘√“ππ∑å

79

✭ °“√ √â“ß·≈–À“ª√– ‘∑∏‘¿“æ∫∑‡√’¬π§Õ¡æ‘«‡μÕ√å™à«¬ Õπ
‡√◊ËÕß  ¡√√∂¿“æ∑“ß°“¬

«‘√—™ √—°…“ °ÿ≈

89

✭ °“√æ—≤𓂪√·°√¡‡æ◊ËÕ«‘‡§√“–Àå·≈–§«∫§ÿ¡ª√– ‘∑∏‘¿“æ
¢Õß°“√‡ª≈’ˬπ‡™◊ÈÕ‡æ≈‘߇ªìπ‰ÕπÈ”¥â«¬«‘∏’ ¡¥ÿ≈§«“¡√âÕπ¢ÕßÀ¡âÕ‰ÕπÈ”

≥—∞æß»å æ—π∏ÿπ– ·≈–§≥–

97

∫∑§«“¡«‘®—¬

✭ §ÿ≥ ¡∫—μ‘°“√¬âÕ¡ ’·≈–§«“¡§ß∑π¢Õß ’¢ÕߺⓉÀ¡
·≈–ºâ“ΩÑ“¬∑’ˬâÕ¡¥â«¬πÈ” °—¥®“°‡ª≈◊Õ°¢Õßμâπ¬Ÿ§“≈‘ªμ— 
✭ √Ÿª·∫∫°“√‡√’¬π¢Õßπ—°»÷°…“  ∂“∫—π‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’√“™¡ß§≈ «‘∑¬“‡¢μ‚™μ‘‡«™
✭ °“√ ”√«®·∫§∑’‡√’¬ “¬„¬„π√–∫∫·Õ°μ‘‡«‡μÁ¥ ≈—¥®å
„π‚√ßß“πÕÿμ “À°√√¡πÈ”¬“ߢâπ·≈–Õÿμ “À°√√¡Õ“À“√∑–‡≈

41

59

FROM CONCEPT TO PRACTICE

¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’√“™¡ß§≈æ√–π§√
399 ∂ππ “¡‡ π ·¢«ß«™‘√欓∫“≈ ‡¢μ¥ÿ ‘μ
°√ÿ߇∑æœ 10300

Rajamangala University of Technology Phra Nakhon
399 Samsen Rd. Wachira Dusit Bangkok 10300

∫∑§«“¡«‘™“°“√
✭ °“√∂à“¬∑Õ¥‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’ ‡√◊ËÕß ·ªÑß°≈⫬·≈–º≈‘μ¿—≥±åÕ“À“√
✭ °“√®”≈Õß ∂“π°“√≥å„πÕÿμ “À°√√¡¢÷Èπ√Ÿª‚≈À–·ºàπ ”À√—∫»μ«√√…∑’Ë 21
✭ °“√∫√‘À“√∏ÿ√°‘®°“√‚√ß·√¡‡æ◊ËÕ°“√®—¥°“√§«“¡√Ÿâ : ®“°·π«§‘¥ Ÿà°“√ªØ‘∫—μ‘

«≈—¬ Àÿμ–‚°«‘∑ ·≈–§≥–
∑«’¿—∑√å ∫Ÿ√≥∏‘μ‘
Õ√»√’ ®“√ÿ‰æ∫Ÿ≈¬å

107
117
127

 àߥ⫬μπ‡ÕßÀ√◊Õ àß∑“߉ª√…≥’¬å ‚¥¬ àßμâπ©∫—∫®”π«π 3 ™ÿ¥ æ√âÕ¡ CD 1 ·ºàπ ∑’Ë°Õß∫√√≥“∏‘°“√«“√ “√«‘™“°“√·≈–«‘®—¬ ¡∑√.  ”π—°ß“π°Õß∫√√≥“∏‘°“√ °Õß∫√√≥“∏‘°“√«“√ “√«‘™“°“√·≈–«‘®—¬ ¡∑√. ¢Õ∫‡¢μ¢Õß∫∑§«“¡ ‡ªìπ∫∑§«“¡«‘®—¬·≈–∫∑§«“¡«‘™“°“√ 2.æ√–π§√  ∂“∫—π«‘®—¬·≈–æ—≤π“ ¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬ ‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’√“™¡ß§≈æ√–π§√ 399 ∂ππ “¡‡ π ·¢«ß«™‘√欓∫“≈ ‡¢μ¥ÿ ‘μ °√ÿ߇∑æœ 10300 .æ√–π§√ ∂◊Õ‡ªìπ°√√¡ ‘∑∏‘¢Ï Õß¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬ ‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’√“™¡ß§≈æ√–π§√ Àâ“¡π”¢âÕ§«“¡∑—ßÈ À¡¥‰ªμ’æ¡‘ æå´È” ¬°‡«âπ‰¥â√∫— Õπÿ≠“μ®“° ¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’√“™¡ß§≈æ√–π§√ ‡π◊ÈÕÀ“·≈–¢âÕ§‘¥‡ÀÁπ„¥Ê ∑’Ëμ’æ‘¡æå„π«“√ “√œ ∂◊Õ‡ªì𧫓¡√—∫º‘¥™Õ∫¢ÕߺŸâ‡¢’¬π‡∑à“π—Èπ 5.(RMUTP RESEARCH JOURNAL) «“√ “√«‘™“°“√·≈–«‘®—¬ ¡∑√. μâπ©∫—∫®–æ‘¡æ凪ìπ¿“…“‰∑¬À√◊Õ¿“…“Õ—ß°ƒ…°Á‰¥â ªï≈– 2 ©∫—∫ 2. °”Àπ¥°“√æ‘¡æ出¬·æ√à 3. ≈—°…≥–¢Õß∫∑§«“¡∑’Ëμ’æ‘¡æå «“√ “√«‘™“°“√·≈–«‘®¬— ¡∑√.th 4.æ√–π§√ 1.ac.æ√–π§√  ∂“∫—π«‘®—¬·≈–æ—≤π“ ¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’√“™¡ß§≈æ√–π§√ 399 ∂ππ “¡‡ π ·¢«ß«™‘√欓∫“≈ ‡¢μ¥ÿ ‘μ °∑¡. §«“¡√—∫º‘¥™Õ∫ 6. ≈‘¢ ‘∑∏‘Ï μâπ©∫—∫∑’‰Ë ¥â√∫— °“√μ’æ¡‘ æå„π«“√ “√«‘™“°“√·≈–«‘®¬— ¡∑√. °“√‡ πÕμâπ©∫—∫‡æ◊ÕË °“√μ’æ¡‘ æå ºŸ‡â ¢’¬πμâÕ߉¡à‡ πÕ∫∑§«“¡©∫—∫‡¥’¬«°—π∑’‡Ë §¬μ’æ¡‘ æå„π«“√ “√ Õ◊Ëπ¡“°àÕ𠇫âπ·μàºà“π°“√‡√’¬∫‡√’¬ß„À¡à 3.  àß∑“߉ª√…≥’¬åÕ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å e-mail : ird@rmutp. °“√ àßμâπ©∫—∫ μâπ©∫—∫∫∑§«“¡ à߇¢â“√—∫°“√æ‘®“√≥“μ’æ‘¡æ剥⥗ßπ’È 1. 10300 2.æ√–π§√ ‡ªìπ«“√ “√´÷ßË ¡’«μ— ∂ÿª√– ß§å‡æ◊ÕË ‡º¬·æ√à·≈–∂à“¬∑Õ¥º≈ß“π «‘®—¬·≈–º≈ß“π«‘™“°“√∑—Èß¿“¬„π·≈–¿“¬πÕ°¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬ 1.

For cotton fabric. Mordant. 1. 085-833-0323 phra nakhon41-49 . cotton dyeing at 60°C for 40 minutes and pH no adjustment. May 2007 41 §ÿ≥ ¡∫—μ‘°“√¬âÕ¡ ’·≈–§«“¡§ß∑π¢Õß ’¢ÕߺⓉÀ¡ ·≈–ºâ“ΩÑ“¬∑’ˬâÕ¡¥â«¬πÈ” °—¥®“°‡ª≈◊Õ°¢Õßμâπ¬Ÿ§“≈‘ªμ—  Dyeing and Colour Fastness Properties of Silk and Cotton Fabrics Dyed with Eucalyptus Bark Extract 1 Rattanaphol Mongkholrattanasit* 4 «ß»å*+J 82 >>(3 % -7&>7 ». 10110 ΩÉ“¬ à߇ √‘¡‡∑§‚π‚≈¬’  ∂“∫—πæ—≤π“Õÿμ “À°√√¡ ‘Ëß∑Õ °∑¡. √*7—™& ¿—°¥’#24·≈– ™“≠™— 5 4 ¬  ‘√‘‡°…¡‡≈‘ 1 Department of Textile Chemistry. Silk dyed in the solution extracting from the bark of eucalyptus with mordant compound displayed yellow to brown colour except fabric using fesrrous (Fe) mordant exhibiting the shade of dark brown to grey. Technical University of Liberec. silk. in order to facilitate dye absorbency of fabrics such as silk dyeing at 90°C for 40 minutes and pH 4. Silk and cotton fabrics were treated with premordanting process before dyeing experiments. Eucalyptus. 1.$>(7 +3 3 √—μπæ≈ ¡ß§≈√—μπ“ ‘∑∏‘1Ï *. 10110 3 ∫∑§—¥¬àÕ ß“π«‘®—¬π’ȇ°’ˬ«¢âÕß°—∫°“√ °—¥ ’¬âÕ¡®“°‡ª≈◊Õ°¢Õßμâπ¬Ÿ§“≈‘ªμ—  ·≈–π”¡“¬âÕ¡∫πºâ“‰À¡„™â Õÿ≥À¿Ÿ¡‘°“√¬âÕ¡∑’Ë 90 Õß»“‡´≈‡´’¬  π“π 40 π“∑’ §à“æ’‡Õ™πÈ”¬âÕ¡‡ªìπ 4 ·≈–„™âÕ—μ√“ à«π«— ¥ÿ ‘Ëß∑ÕμàÕπÈ” ¬âÕ¡‡ªìπ 1:30  ”À√—∫¬âÕ¡ºâ“ΩÑ“¬„™âÕÿ≥À¿Ÿ¡‘°“√¬âÕ¡∑’Ë 60 Õß»“‡´≈‡´’¬  ·≈–‰¡àμâÕߪ√—∫§à“æ’‡Õ™πÈ”¬âÕ¡  à«π  ¿“«–Õ◊ËπÊ ‡À¡◊Õπ°—∫°“√¬âÕ¡ºâ“‰À¡ ºâ“‰À¡∑’˺à“π°“√¬âÕ¡ ’®–‰¥â ’‡À≈◊Õß∂÷ßπÈ”μ“≈ ¬°‡«âπ‡¡◊ËÕ„™â‡À≈Á°‡ªìπ  “√¡Õ√å·¥π∑å®–‰¥â ’‡∑“∂÷ßπÈ”μ“≈‡¢â¡  ”À√—∫ºâ“ΩÑ“¬∑’˺à“π°“√¬âÕ¡ ’®–‰¥â ’‡À≈◊Õß∂÷ß â¡ ¬°‡«âπ‡¡◊ËÕ„™â‡À≈Á° ‡ªìπ “√¡Õ√å·¥π∑å ®–‰¥â ’‡∑“ÕàÕπ∂÷߇∑“ §ÿ≥ ¡∫—μ‘¢ÕߺⓉÀ¡·≈–ºâ“ΩÑ“¬∑’˺à“π°“√∑”¡Õ√å·¥π∑å·≈–¬âÕ¡ ’ ®–¡’§«“¡§ß∑π¢Õß ’μàÕ°“√´—°≈â“ß μàÕ‡Àß◊ËÕ ·≈–μàÕπȔլŸà„π√–¥—∫¥’∂÷ߥ’¡“° ·μà®–¡’§«“¡§ß∑π¢Õß ’μàÕ · ß·≈–μàÕ°“√¢—¥∂Ÿ„π√–¥—∫ª“π°≈“ß∂÷ߥ’ Abstract This research was concerned with dye extraction from the bark of eucalyptus and application for silk and cotton fabric dyeing. Silk and cotton fabrics treated with pre-mordanted and dyeing process has presented the properties of colour fastness to washing. except fabric using ferrous (Fe) mordant displaying the shade of pale grey to gray. The best result was achieved when liquor ratio between fabric and dyed solution as 1:30 was employed. the shade of yellow to orange was obtained. Vol.RMUTP Research Journal. 2 ¿“§«‘™“‡§¡’ §≥–«‘∑¬“»“ μ√å ¡À“«‘∑¬“≈—¬»√’π§√‘π∑√«‘‚√≤ °∑¡. No. water and perspiration from good to very good level whereas colour fastness to light and rubbing was from fair to good level. §” ”§—≠ :  ’¬âÕ¡∏√√¡™“μ‘ ¬Ÿ§“≈‘ªμ—  ¡Õ√å·¥π∑å ‰À¡ ΩÑ“¬ Key words : Natural dye. Cotton 41 5/11/07. Faculty of Textile Engineering. «‘. 3:36 PM *ºŸâπ‘æπ∏åª√– “πß“π ‰ª√…≥’¬åÕ‘‡≈Á°∑√Õπ‘° å pholm123@yahoo.com ‚∑√.

washed in a bath of liquor ratio 1:30 using 1 g/l of non-ionic soaping agent (Matappon X-80) at 50 °C for 10 minutes. R. One of the plant uses for dyeing is eucalyptus. 1993). of Fastness: ISO 105-F: 1985) were used without further purification. the kind of mordant and colour fastness of silk and cotton fabrics dyed with eucalyptus bark were investigated. Ltd). The metal ions can act as electron acceptors to electron donor to form co-ordinate bonds with dye molecules.5 H2O). there has been increasing interest in the natural dyes.æ√–π§√ ªï∑’Ë 1 ©∫—∫∑’Ë 1 情¿“§¡ 2550 The natural dyes may have. In this study. Thai natives still use natural dyes in home industries as well as in hansdicraft works. copper and others. In Thailand. time. Stannous chlorine hydrate (SnCl2. They normally require mordants.M. flowers and fruits (Allen. The pH values were recorded with pH meter and adjusted with dilute solution of sodium carbonate and acetic acid. a wide range of shades.7 H2O). Lately. S. leaves. 3:36 PM 2. Potassium aluminium sulphate hydrate (AlKO8S2. for ensuring the reasonable fastness of the colour to sunlight and washing (Robertson. silk and cotton fabrics (Standard Adjacent Fabrics for Staining phra nakhon41-49 . Acetic acid (CH3COOH) (Lab Scan Asia Co. a number of different types of plants are employed for dyeing (Moeyes Marjo. Introduction 5/11/07. then rinsed and finally dried at ambient temperature. pH. 2. was heated at different durations (10-60 minutes).. Sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) (Italma (Thailand) Co.3 Dyeing Method Silk and cotton fabrics were dyed with the natural colouring matter extracted from eucalyptus bark at liquor ratio 1:30. 2 H2O). «“√ “√«‘™“°“√·≈–«‘®—¬ ¡∑√.2 Extracting The eucalyptus bark was cut into small pieces by blender.W. Experimental 42 2. which are insoluble in water. although eucalyptus has been used in paper industry. Iron (II) sulphate hydrate (FeSO4. 1971). then varying the pH 2. The eucalyptus bark extract solution (natural dye solution) obtained in this study was reddish brown colour. which are metallic salts of aluminum. barks. and different temperatures (30-100 °C). the effect of temperature.M. which can be obtained from various parts of plants including roots. The dyed samples were rinsed with cold water. Ltd) and Non ionic soap (Matapon X 80) (Ilin Enterprise Co. type.L. 1973). As the use of natural dyes cuts down significantly on amount of toxic effluent resulting from the synthetic dye process.42 1. Copper sulphate hydrate (CuSO4. iron. Then eucalyptus bark was the raw material for dye extraction was at 100 °C for 1 hour and liquor ratio of material: water was 1:40. chromium. Ltd).12H2O). oil eucalyptus and textile dyeing.1 Materials Multifiber D. They were measured for K/S value by spectrophotometer. as public becomes aware of ecological and environmental problems related to the use of synthetic dyes.

2. the ability of mordanting agent to fix on a fiber is the important requirement. May 2007 values as 4.1 Effect of temperature for dyeing on silk and cotton fabrics From the experiment to find the optimal temperature for dyeing silk and cotton fabric. RMUTP Research Journal.6 Characterization The reflectance value and the corresponding K/S values for the dyed samples was phra nakhon41-49 . and colour fastness to rubbing. K is the absorption coefficient and S is scattering coefficient (K. was calculated from the reflectance values using Kubellka-Munk equation as follows: K/S = (1-R)2/ 2R. colour fastness to water. McLaren. K/S. From Table 1.1 % owf. They were measured for K/S value by spectrophotometer.. when finished. 3. 43 2.1. 6 and 7 respectively though process at 90 °C and 60 °C for silk and cotton fabrics respectively for 40 minutes. measured the K/S value by spectrophotometer. Colour change and colour staining were assessed using grey scale. colour fastness to perspiration. Vol. The appearance colour of the dyed in eucalyptus bark extract was yellowish orange. The result from Table 1 fabric can be plotted as Figure 1. Colour strength.4 Mordanting Method The optimal condition for mordant application on silk and cotton were investigated which in pre-mordant process at 30 °C for 10 minutes and then quantity of mordant substance was 0. The appearance colour of silk which dyed in eucalyptus bark extract was brown colour. the liquor ratio was 1:30. The test results were expressed in grey scale terms instead of the K/S value.1 Factors affecting dyeing of silk and cotton fabric with eucalyptus bark extract 3.5/11/07. 1976). the experimental result is shown in Table 1.5 Colour Fastness Test With regard to the dyestuff properties of the dyeing agent. According to the standard grey scale for color change and grey scale for colour staining. dyeing silk and fabric in eucalyptus extracted from bark showed that the increasing temperature can increase the K/ S value until reaching 90°C. Results and discussion measured using a spectrophotometer (Spectraflash SF 600 Datacolor) interfaced to a digital PC under illuminant D65 with a 10° standard observer. 3:36 PM 43 3. 1. 2. Where R is the decimal fraction of the reflection of the dye fabric. 5. then passed thought dyeing process at 90 °C and 60 °C for silk and cotton fabrics respectively for 40 minutes. The dyed cotton fabric showed that the increasing temperature can increase the K/S value until reaching 60 ° C the K/S value was constant. which normally test according to ISO standard test. this relates to the colour fastness properties. 1. the liquor ratio was 1:30. Obviously. No. These tests including colour fastness to light colour fastness to washing.

From Table 2. excepting using ferrous (Fe) 4.3 Effect of pH value for dyeing on silk and cotton fabrics The experiment is to find the suitable pH value for dyeing silk and cotton fabric. washing water and perspiration in good to very good whereas colour fastness to light and rubbing was in fair to good. in the order of dyeing using Fe> Cu> Al> unmordant> Sn. The K/S value declined when pH value increased. when the time in dyeing silk and cotton fabrics was increased. the pH value of eucalyptus bark dyed was 6. 3:36 PM The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of temperature. the K/S value of the cotton fabric increased in the order of dyeing using Sn> Fe> Cu> Al> un-mordant. It was found that the properties of colour fastness. K/S value was declined.2. in order to facilitate dye absorbency of fabric such as silk dyeing at 90 °C for 40 minutes and pH 4. The K/S values of silk fabric increased phra nakhon41-49 . The results are shown in Table 4. After 40 minutes. washing. water. rubbing. The K/S are shown in Table 4.2 Effect of time for dyeing on silk and cotton fabrics From experiment.1. The result of experiment can be concluded as following Table 3.æ√–π§√ ªï∑’Ë 1 ©∫—∫∑’Ë 1 情¿“§¡ 2550 3. It was found that the K/ S values of pre-mordant silk and cotton fabrics were higher than those of un-mordanted fabrics except pre-mordanted on silk fabric with SnCl2. «“√ “√«‘™“°“√·≈–«‘®—¬ ¡∑√. The best result was achieved when liquor ratio between fabric and dyed solution as 1:30 was employed. cotton dyeing at 60 °C for 40 minutes and pH no adjustment. however. When increasing pH value.0 was the best result for dyeing silk fabric when compared with the other pH value. 3. however. The K/S values of silk fabric increased in the order of dyeing using Fe> Cu> Al> un-mordant> Sn. and perspiration fastness) of pre-mordant and un-mordant cotton and silk fabrics dyed with eucalyptus bark are show in Table 5 to Table 10 respectively. time. the suitable time for dyeing silk and cotton were found the result is shown in Table 2. From the pH value experiment. It was found that silk and cotton fabric were treated with pre-mordanting process before dyeing experiments.1. Silk dyed in the solution from bark of eucalyptus showed the shade of yellow-brown. the K/S value of the cotton fabric increased in the order of dyeing using Sn> Fe> Cu> Al> un-mordant. gained darken hue value than the other pH value. pH and mordant type on dyeing properties and colour fastness of silk and cotton fabrics dyed with eucalyptus bark extract solution. 44 3. as seen in Figure 3. Conclusions 3.44 5/11/07. The result can be illustrated as Figure 2. Without adjusting pH value when dyed cotton. pH value at 4.2 Effect of using difference type of mordant for silk and cotton dyeing The experiment is to find the suitable condition for pre-mordant process and for dyeing process of cotton and silk fabric. the K/S value increased.3 Colour fastness The rating of fastness (light. From Table 3. the K/S value was constant.

0674 50 -16.73 7.86 5.79 8.22 0.0600 Table 2 The ΔL*.27 19.65 0.45 11.0674 80 -13.65 18.6038 40 -17.30 9.35 9.39 3.56 19.65 3. Δa*.72 1.80 1.31 3.2658 60 -20.44 8.94 15.70 20.19 1.72 1.30 7.33 18.79 8.0013 80 -26.33 1.89 8.96 4. Observe degree = 10°.8059 40 -16.92 20.48 10.0600 50 -16.58 12.1647 50 -19.43 10.90 20.83 18.64 0. K/S value dyed silk and cotton fabrics by varying temperature of dyeing RMUTP Research Journal.18 4. Table 1 The ΔL*. Δb* and K/S value of dyed silk and cotton fabrics by varying temperature of dyeing Dyeing Colour measurement (Silk fabric) Δa* Δb* K/S Temperature (°C) ΔL* for 1 Hour 30 -13.0157 Dyeing time Colour measurement (Cotton fabric) ΔL* Δa* Δb* K/S (minutes) (90°C for cotton) 10 -11.59 12.7553 90 -14.5883 20 -12. Δa*.5/11/07. water and perspiration on good to very good level but the fastness to light and rubbing on fair to good level.40 8.68 7.39 19.80 1. washing.68 16.2720 70 -24.49 0.92 15. Vol.58 2.18 4.87 19.56 19. Δb* and K/S value of dyed silk and cotton fabrics by varying time of dyeing Figure 1.66 3.21 17. 3:36 PM 45 Dyeing time Colour measurement (Silk fabric) (minutes) ΔL* Δa* Δb* K/S (90°C for cotton) 10 -20.07 1.0615 40 -15.17 4. The fastness properties of silk and cotton fabric after treated with premordant and dyeing process.08 2.3563 40 -30.51 13. accepting using ferrous (Fe) showed the shade of pale grey.3477 30 -26. For cotton fabric showed the shade of yelloworange.0654 60 -16.93 10.0654 60 -15.58 15. No.08 2.0169 Dyeing Colour measurement (Cotton fabric) Δa* Δb* Temperature (°C) ΔL* K/S for 1 Hour 30 -14.60 18.59 15.60 18.85 9.00 7.81 17.87 1. May 2007 showing the shade of dark brown-grey.59 12.02 2.59 7.21 18.07 1.00 6.62 5. K/ S (λ = 400 nm) phra nakhon41-49 .56 12.0160 60 -30.3310 90 -30. 1.2720 20 -27.86 14.91 20.98 0. It presented the fastness.6544 30 -13.85 9.93 20. 1.33 18.98 7.7736 100 -14.15 4.61 18.0187 100 -30.81 18.0180 50 -30.0674 70 -17.95 0.60 12.51 8.8004 45 Remark: Light source = D65.

68 ΔL* 8.63 0.4001 4 SnCl2 or Sn 5/11/07.90 0.94 5.85 Δa* 9.17 4. Db* and K/S value for pre-mordanting and dyeing of silk and cotton fabrics «“√ “√«‘™“°“√·≈–«‘®—¬ ¡∑√.45 2.73 5.68 7. Observe degree = 10°.1239 21.8372 5 -38.34 -43.13 1. Δb* and K/S value of dyed silk and cotton fabrics by varying pH value of dyeing Dyeing pH Colour measurement (Silk fabric) ΔL* Δa* Δb* K/S value No adjusted -30.90 15.5357 19. K/S value dyed silk and cotton fabrics by varying time of dyeing Table 3 The ΔL*.00 -36.75 8 2 FeSO or Fe -25.7061 Δb* CuSO or Cu 4 K/S K/S AlKO8S2or Al -20.39 12.3321 Dyeing pH Colour measurement (Cotton fabric) ΔL* Δa* Δb* K/S value No adjusted -16.0618 Δb* 22.2163 6 -30.0610 8 -14.22 3.68 6.38 18.66 -16. Observe degree = 10°.10 1.89 8.59 15.79 1.57 12.07 14.09 3.30 7.10 1.89 10.12 1.33 ΔL* -23.48 -48.0157 4 -43.68 18.35 15.93 17.7735 10 -13.91 28. 3:36 PM Remark: Light source = D65.67 2. K/ S (λ = 400 nm) phra nakhon41-49 .4992 21.86 9.27 4.12 4.3222 19.00 11.7730 46 Remark: Light source = D65.70 11. Δa*.12 4.35 6.6502 18.88 20.94 Table 4 The DL*.33 9.46 Un-mordant Cotton fabric SnCl2 or Sn FeSO4 or Fe AlKO S or Al Un-mordant Silk Fabric -14.7612 7 -27.8372 18.8000 9 -14.æ√–π§√ ªï∑’Ë 1 ©∫—∫∑’Ë 1 情¿“§¡ 2550 Figure 2.0618 7 -14.23 5.30 19. Da*. K/ S (λ = 400 nm) Δa* CuSO4 or Cu -27.35 15.98 7.18 7.92 15.6380 9.55 -38.98 8.61 18.12 1.85 19.73 5.90 0.

3-4 3 3 3 3 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4 3-4 3-4 3-4 3-4 4-5 4 4 4 4 3-4 3 3 3 3 47 Un 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Al Cu 3-4 4 Al 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Fe 3-4 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Sn 4 Fe Sn 4-5 4 Mordant 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Un 3-4 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Cu 4 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Fe Sn 4-5 4 Mordant Al 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Cu 4 Un 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 5/11/07. Cu = CuSO4. Fe = FeSO4 and Sn = SnCl2 phra nakhon41-49 . Vol. May 2007 3 3 3 3 3 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Colour change Table 5 The result of colour fastness to light (Standard: ISO 105-B02: 1994) Dyeing description Silk fabric Un mordant Al mordant Cu mordant Fe mordant Sn mordant Cotton fabric Un mordant Al mordant Cu mordant Fe mordant Sn mordant Table 6 The result of colour fastness to rubbing (Standard: ISO105-X12: 2001) 4 3-4 3-4 3-4 3-4 4-5 4 4 4 4 Colour staining Warp direction Weft direction Dry Wet Dry Wet Silk fabric Un mordant Al mordant Cu mordant Fe mordant Sn mordant 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Dyeing description Cotton fabric Un mordant Al mordant Cu mordant Fe mordant Sn mordant 47 Remark: Un = Un mordant. 1. 1. 3:36 PM Dyeing description Silk fabric Colour change Colour staining -Acetate -Cotton -Nylon -Polyester -Acrylic -Wool Table 8 The result of colour fastness to water (Standard: ISO 105-EO1: 1994) Dyeing description Silk fabric Colour change Colour staining -Acetate -Cotton -Nylon -Polyester -Acrylic -Wool Cotton fabric Colour change Colour staining -Acetate -Cotton -Nylon -Polyester -Acrylic -Wool Table 7 The result of colour fastness to washing (Standard: ISO 105-CO6 A1S: 1994) RMUTP Research Journal. No. Al = AlKO8S2.

3:36 PM In addition. Al = AlKO8S2. Cu = CuSO4.48 Al 4 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Fe Sn 4-5 4-5 Al 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Fe 4 Fe 4 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Sn 4-5 Sn 4 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Un 4 Un 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Al 4 Al 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 Cu 4 Cu 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Fe 4 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Sn 4 Fe Sn 4 4-5 Mordant 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 5/11/07. Fe = FeSO4 and Sn = SnCl2 Dyeing description Silk fabric Colour change Colour staining -Acetate -Cotton -Nylon -Polyester -Acrylic -Wool Cotton fabric Colour change Colour staining -Acetate -Cotton -Nylon -Polyester -Acrylic -Wool Table 10 The result of colour fastness to perspiration (alkaline solution) (Standard: ISO 105-EO4: 1994) «“√ “√«‘™“°“√·≈–«‘®—¬ ¡∑√.) The result of colour fastness to water (Standard: ISO 105-EO1: 1994) Dyeing description Cotton fabric Colour change Colour staining -Acetate -Cotton -Nylon -Polyester -Acrylic -Wool Un 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Al Cu 4-5 4 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Cu 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 Un 4 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 48 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4 Mordant Table 9 The result of colour fastness to perspiration (acid solution) (Standard: ISO 105-EO4: 1994) Dyeing description Silk fabric Colour change Colour staining -Acetate -Cotton -Nylon -Polyester -Acrylic -Wool Cotton fabric Colour change Colour staining -Acetate -Cotton -Nylon -Polyester -Acrylic -Wool phra nakhon41-49 . my special thankfulness is for Intertek Testing Services (Thailand) Co.. Many thank go to my friends and colleagues. whose names are not mentioned here. Acknowledgements Remark: Un = Un mordant. who have contributed suggestions and courteous assistance during the experiment of my research. Ltd. in allowing the authors to utilize laboratory facilities.æ√–π§√ ªï∑’Ë 1 ©∫—∫∑’Ë 1 情¿“§¡ 2550 Un 4 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4-5 4 4-5 4 4 4 Cu 4-5 Mordant Table 8 (Con. 5.

2 nd ed. 5/11/07. Moeyes Marjo. R. S. 1971. Gilesûs Laboratory Couse in Dyeing. G. 4. Billie J. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. 92 (4).49 5. Vol. Dyes from Plants. Duff. Collier. McLaren. 1994. West Yorkshire: Society of Dyers and Colourists. References 1. Bangkok: White Lotus. 8. 3:36 PM 49 Hohn and Margaret Cannon. 1. 6. 3. phra nakhon41-49 . 6 th ed. C. and Sinclair. Giles. 2. A Laboratory Couse in Dyeing. 1971. 4 th ed. London: The Herbert Press Limited. Journal of the Society of Dyers and Colourists. Textile Testing and Analysis. London: Nelson. S. No. M. The development of the CIE 1976 (L*a*b*) uniform colourspace and colour difference formula. H. 6. 1989. and Epps.L.: West Yorkshir: Society of Dyers and Colourists. D. Colour Chemistry. K. Robertson. 7. 1976. RMUTP Research Journal. Dye Plants and Dyeing. May 2007 Allen. 1. 1999. Inc. 1973. Helen H. 1993.M. R. Natural Dyeing in Thailand.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful