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Basic information About Pakistan

All basic information about Pakistan. Pakistani Facts and figure. Country Profile Static's of
Official Name Islamic
Republic of
Independence day 14 August ,
Founder Quaid-e-
Ali Jinnah
Head of State Mr.Mamnoon
Head of Government Mian
Sharif (Prime
Minister )
Government Parliamentary
Location: 30 00 N, 70
00 E
Capital Islamabad
Area 796096 Sq
Population 16582000
Emblem Faith, Unity,
National Language Urdu
Official Language English
National Poet Allama DR.
National Anthem Qaumi Tarana
National Animal Markhor
National Bird Chukar
National Flower Jasmine
National Tree Cedrus
National Sports Hockey
Notional Dress Shalwar
National Juice Sugarcane
Literacy rate 53%
Currency Pak. Rupee.
Districts of Pakistan

Districts of Punjab
1. Attock 19. Lodhran
2. Bahawalnagar 20. Mandi Bahauddin
3. Bahawalpur 21. Mianwali
4. Bhakkar 22. Multan
5. Chakwal 23. Muzaffargarh
6 Chiniot 24. Narowal
7. Dera Ghazi Khan 25. Nankana Sahib
8. Faisalabad 26. Okara
9. Gujranwala 27. Pakpattan
10. Gujrat 28. Rahim Yar Khan
11. Hafizabad 29. Rajanpur
12. Jhang 30. Rawalpindi
13. Jhelum 31. Sahiwal
14. Kasur 32. Sargodha
15. Khanewal 33. Sheikhupura
16. Khushab 34. Sialkot
17. Lahore 35. Toba Tek Singh
18. Layyah 36. Vehari

Districts of Sindh
1. Badin Naushahro Firoz
2. Dadu 13. Shaheed Benazirabad (Nawab
3. Ghotki 14. Shah)
4. Hyderabad 15. Qamber and Shahdad Kot
5. Jacobabad 16. Sanghar
6. Jamshoro 17. Shikarpur
7. Karachi 18. Sukkur
8. Kashmore 19. Tando Allahyar
9. Khairpur 20. Tando Muhammad Khan
10. Larkana 21. Tharparkar
11. Matiari 22. Thatta
12. Mirpurkhas 23. Umer Kot

Districts of N.W.F.P
1. Abbottabad 13. Lakki Marwat
2. Bannu 14. Lower Dir
3. Batagram 15. Malakand
4. Buner 16. Mansehra
5. Charsadda 17. Mardan
6. Chitral 18. Nowshera
7. Dera Ismail Khan 19. Peshawar
8. Hangu 20. Shangla
9. Haripur 21. Swabi
10. Karak 22. Swat
11. Kohat 23. Tank
12. Kohistan 24. Upper Dir
25. Torghar
Districts of Balochistan
1. Awaran 2. Barkhan
3. Bolan 4. Chagai
5. Dera Bugti 6. Gwadar
7. Harnai 8. Jafarabad
9. Jhal Magsi 10. Kalat
11. Kech 12. Kharan
13. Khuzdar 14. Kohlu
15. Lasbela 16. Loralai
17. Mastung 18. Musakhel
19. Naseerabad 20. Nushki
21. Panjgur 22. Pishin
23. Qilla Abdullah 24. Qilla Saifullah
25. Quetta 26. Sheerani
27. Sibi 28 Washuk
29. Zhob 30. Ziarat

Districts of Gilgit - Baltistan

1. Ghanche 4. Diamer
2. Skardu 5. Ghizer
3. Astore 6. Gilgit

Districts or Agencies of FATA

1. Bajaur 5. North Waziristan
2. Khyber 6. Orakzai
3. Kurram 7. South Waziristan
4. Mohmand

Districts of Azad Jummu & Kashmir

1. Bhimber 5. Poonch
2. Kotli 6. Sudhnati
3. Mirpur 7. Muzaffarabad
4. Bagh 8. Neelum

Astor River
Chenab River
Dasht River
Dashtiari River
Gambila River
Ghaggar-Hakra River
Ghizar River
Gilgit River
Gomal River
Hub River
Hungol River
Hunza River
Indus River
Jhelum River
Kabul River
Swaan River
Kundar River
Kunhar River
Kurram River
Lyari River
Malir River
Panjkora Panjnad River
Ravi River
Shigar River
Shimshal River
Sutlej River
Swat River
Tochi River
Zhob River

Astor River

The Astore River a tributary of the mighty Indus rises from a

glacier of the great Himalayan range near the Burzil Pass in the
Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir. It flows in a
northwesterly direction and joins the Indus River at Bunji. Many
small streams fall into the Astor River in its short course. Its
catchment area is not covered by the vegetation but possess
glacial moraines, cirques and steep slopes. This river drains the
area lying to the east of Nanga Parbat.

Chenab River

The Chenab River is formed by the confluence of the Chandra

and Bhaga rivers at Tandi located in the upper Himalayas in the
Lahul and Spiti District of Himachal Pradesh, India. In its upper
reaches it is also known as the Chandrabhaga. It flows through
the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir into the plains of the
Punjab, forming the boundary between the Rechna and Jech
interfluves (Doabs in Persian). It is joined by the Jhelum River at
Trimmu and then by the Ravi River. It then merges with the
Sutlej River near Uch Sharif to form the Panjnad or the 'Five
Rivers', the fifth being the Beas River which joins the Satluj near
Ferozepur, India. The Satluj then joins the Indus at Mithankot.
The total length of the Chenab is approximately 960 kilometers.
The waters of the Chenab are allocated to Pakistan under the
terms of the Indus Waters Treaty.

The river was known to Indians in the Vedic period as Ashkini or

Iskmati and as Acesines to the Ancient Greeks. In 325 BC,
Alexander the Great allegedly founded the town of Alexandria
on the Indus (present day Uch Sharif or Mithankot or Chacharan)
at the confluence of the Indus and the combined stream of Punjab
rivers (currently known as the Panjnad River).

The Chenab has the same place in the consciousness of the

people of the Punjab as, say, the Rhine holds for the Germans or
the Danube for the Austrians and the Hungarians. It is the iconic
river around which Punjabi consciousness revolves, and plays a
prominent part in the tale of Heer Ranjha, the Punjabi national
epic and the legend of Sohni Mahiwal.

This river has been in the news of late due to the steps taken by
the Indian government to build a number of hydropower dams
along its length (in India) most notably the Baglihar Hydel power
project (expected time of completion 2008). This is a result of
the Indus Basin Project. These planned projects on Chenab have
been hotly contested by Pakistan which says that India is
breaking the terms and clauses of the Indus water treaty by
storing and channelling the waters of this river, a claim totally
rejected by the Indian government.

Dasht River

Dasht River is located in Gwadar District, Balochistan, Pakistan.

Mirani Dam is being built on Dasht River to provide drinking
water to Gwadar city.

Dashtiari River

Dashtiari River is located in Gwadar District, Balochistan,


Gambila River

Gambila River, also called the Tochi River, is located in Bannu

District, North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan.

It's source are the hills six miles south of the Sufed Koh, the
source of the Kurram River, which it runs parallel too and finally

The Gambila is an important river for the inhabitants of the

Dawar valley, as it serves to irrigate a large area of land that it
runs through. Particularly that belonging to the Bakkakhel
Wazirs, Miri and Barakzai Bannuchis.

Ghaggar-Hakra River

The Ghaggar is an intermittent river in India, flowing during the

monsoon rains. It originates in the Shivalik Hills of Himachal
Pradesh and flows through Punjab and Haryana to Rajasthan; just
southwest of Sirsa in Haryana and by the side of Tibi in
Rajasthan, this seasonal river feeds two irrigation canals that
extend into Rajasthan.

The present-day Sarasvati River originates in a submontane

region (Ambala district) and joins the Ghaggar near Shatrana in
PEPSU. Near Sadulgarh (Hanumangarh) the Naiwal channel, a
dried out channel of the Sutlej, joins the Ghaggar. Near
Suratgarh the Ghaggar is then joined by the dried up Drishadvati
(Chautang) river.

The wide river bed of the Ghaggar river suggest that the river
once flowed full of water, and that it formerly continued through
the entire region, in the presently dry channel of the Hakra River,
possibly emptying into the Rann of Kutch. It supposedly dried up
due to the capture of its tributaries by the Indus and Yamuna
rivers, and the loss of rainfall in much of its catchment area due
to deforestation and overgrazing. This is supposed to have
happened at the latest in 1900 BCE, but perhaps much earlier.

In India there are also various small or middle-sized rivers called

Sarasvati or Saraswati. One of them flows from the west end of
the Aravalli Range into the east end of the Rann of Kutch.

Ghizar River

The Ghizar River is an important tributary of the Gilgit River. It

rises as a small snow-melt channel from the glaciers on the
northern slopes of the great Himalayan range. Rising from the
glaciers the Ghizar valley many small tributaries join the Ghizar
River at various places along its course. It flows eastwards to
join the Gilgit River flowing in from the north.

The entire catchment area of the Ghizar River is bleak and

desolate. The slopes are devoid of a vegetative cover.

Gilgit River

The Shigar River is a tributary of the Indus River that rises from
the Hispar glacier at the base of the Haramosh and Kanjut Sar
peaks in northern Ladakh. It flows towards southeast and joins
the Indus at Skardu.

A tributary rising from Baltoro glacier at the base of

Masharbrum peak also falls into the Shigar River therefore, it
contains waters of two of the most important glaciers of the
Karakoram Range. No vegetation is seen on the catchment area
because of its high altitude.
Gomal River

Gomal River is a river in Afghanistan and Pakistan, with its

headwaters in the south-east of Ghazni.

The headwater springs of the Gomal's main leg come together

close to the fort of Babakarkol in Katawaz, a district inhabited
primarily by Kharoti and Suleiman Khel Pashtuns.

The Gomal's chief tributary is the Zhob River. Within Pakistan,

Gomal river surrounds South Waziristan agency, forms the
boundary between the North-West Frontier Province and
Balochistan. The river passes then through the Damaan plain in
Kulachi Tehsil and later on through Dera Ismail Khan Tehsil and
then finally falls in river Indus.

Hub River

Hub River is located in Lasbela, Balochistan, Pakistan. It forms

the provincial boundary between Sindh and Balochistan, west of
Karachi. Hub Dam is a large water storage reservoir constructed
in 1981 on the Hub River in the arid plains north of Karachi. The
reservoir supplies water for irrigation in the Lasbella district of
Balochistan and drinking water for the city of Karachi. It is an
important staging and wintering area for an appreciable number
of water birds and contains a variety of fish species which
increase in abundance during periods of high water. The Mahseer
(Tor putitora), an indigenous riverine fish found in the Hub
River, grows up to 2m in length and provides for excellent

Hungol River

Hungol River or Hingol River is located in Makran, Balochistan,


The Hungol valley has fantastic scenery of towering cliffs,

pinnacles and buttresses, the river winding between. Some 350
miles in length, the Hungol is Balochistan's longest river. Unlike
most other streams in Balochistan which only flow during rare
rains, the Hungol always has flowing water in it. The water is
crystal–clear, reflecting the incredible blue of the sky. It makes
for picture–postcard scenery. Hungol River and valley are
located in Hungol National Park

Hunza River

Hunza River is the principal river of Hunza, in the Northern

Areas of Pakistan. It is formed by the confluence of the Kilik and
Khunjerab nalas (gorges) which are fed by glaciers. It is joined
by the Gilgit River and the Naltar River before it flows into the
Indus River.

The river cuts through the Karakoram Range, flowing from north
to south. The Karakoram Highway crosses the Hunza River near
Hunza and Nagar valleys.

Indus River

The Indus River is the longest and most important river in

Pakistan and one of the most important rivers on the Indian
subcontinent and has given the country India its name.
Originating in the Tibetan plateau in the vicinity of Lake
Mansarovar, the river runs a course through Ladakh district in
Kashmir and Northern Areas, flowing through the North in a
southerly direction along the entire length of country, to merge
into the Arabian Sea near Pakistan's port city Karachi. The total
length of the river is 3200 kilometers (2000 miles).
The river has a total drainage area exceeding 1,165,000 square
kilometers (450,000 square miles). The river's estimated annual
flow stands at around 207 cubic kilometers. Beginning at the
heights of the world with glaciers, the river feeds the ecosystem
of temperate forests, plains and arid countryside. Together with
the rivers Chenab, Ravi, Sutlej, Jhelum, Beas and the extinct
Sarasvati River, the Indus forms the Sapta Sindhu ("Seven
Rivers") delta in the Sindh province of Pakistan. It has 20 major

The Indus provides the key water resources for the economy of
Pakistan - especially the breadbasket of Punjab province, which
accounts for most of the nation's agricultural production, and
Sindh. It also supports many heavy industries and provides the
main supply of potable water in Pakistan.

The ultimate source of the Indus is in Tibet; it begins at the

confluence of the Sengge and Gar rivers that drain the
Nganglong Kangri and Gangdise Shan mountain ranges. The
Indus then flows northwest through Ladakh-Baltistan into Gilgit,
just south of the Karakoram range. The Shyok, Shigar and Gilgit
streams carry glacial waters into the main river. It gradually
bends to the south, coming out of the hills between Peshawar and
Rawalpindi. The Indus passes gigantic gorges 4500 - 5200
meters (15,000-17,000 feet) high near the Nanga Parbat massif.
It swiftly flows across Hazara, and is dammed at the Tarbela
Reservoir. The Kabul River joins it near Attock. The remainder
of its route to the sea is in plains of the Punjab and Sind, and the
river becomes slow-flowing and highly braided. It is joined by
Panjnad River at Mithankot. Beyond this confluence, the river, at
one time, was named as Satnad River (sat = seven, nadi = river)
as the river was now carrying the waters of Kabul River, Indus
River and the five Punjab rivers. Passing by Jamshoro, it ends in
a large delta to the east of Thatta.

The Indus is one of the few rivers in the world that exhibit a tidal
bore. The Indus system is largely fed by the snows and glaciers
of the Karakoram, Hindu Kush and Himalayan ranges of Tibet,
Kashmir and Northern Areas of Pakistan. The flow of the river is
also determined by the seasons - it diminishes greatly in the
winter, while flooding its banks in the monsoon months from
July to September. There is also evidence of a steady shift in the
course of the river since prehistoric times - it deviated westwards
from flowing into the Rann of Kutch.
Jhelum River

Jehlum River or Jhelum River is the largest and most western of

the five rivers of Punjab, and passes through Jhelum District. It is
a tributary of the Indus River.

The river Jhelum was called Vitasta by the ancient Indians in the
Vedic period and Hydaspes by the ancient Greeks. The Vitastā is
mentioned as one of the major river by the holy scriptures of the
Indo-Aryans—the Rigveda. It has been speculated that the
Vitasta must have been one of the seven rivers (sapta-sindhu)
mentioned so many times in the Rigveda. The name survives the
Kashmiri name for this river as Vyath.

The river was regarded as a god by the ancient Greeks, as were

most mountains and streams; the poet Nonnus in the Dionysiaca
(section 26, line 350) makes the Hydaspes a titan-descended god,
the son of the sea-god Thaumas and the cloud-goddess Elektra.
He was the brother of Iris the goddess of the rainbow, and half-
brother to the harpies, the snatching winds. Since the river is in a
country foreign to the ancient Greeks, it is not clear whether they
named the river after the god, or whether the god Hydaspes was
named after the river.

Alexander the Great and his army crossed the Jhelum in 326 BC
at the Battle of the Hydaspes River where he defeated the Indian
king, Porus. According to Arrian (Anabasis, 29), he built a city
"on the spot whence he started to cross the river Hydaspes",
which he named Bukephala (or Bucephala) to honour his famous
horse Bukephalis which was buried in Jalalpur Sharif. It is
thought that ancient Bukephala was near the site of modern
Jhelum City. According to a historian of Gujrat district, Mansoor
Behzad Butt, Bukephala was buried in Jalalpur Sharif, but the
people of Mandi Bahauddin, a district close to Jehlum, believed
that their Tehsil Phalia was named after Bucephala, Alexander's
dead horse. They say that the name Phalia was the distortion of
the word Bucephala. The waters of the Jhelum are allocated to
Pakistan under the terms of the Indus Waters Treaty.

Kabul River

Kabul River or Kabal River is a river that rises in the Sanglakh

Range of Afghanistan, separated from the watershed of the
Helmand by the Unai Pass. It is the main river in the eastern part
of Afghanistan. It flows 700 km before joining the Indus River
near Attock . It passes through the cities of Kabul, Chaharbagh,
Jalalabad, and (flowing into Pakistan some 30 km north of the
Khyber Pass) Nowshera. The major tributaries of the Kabul
River are the Logar, Panjshir, Kunar and Alingar rivers.

The Kabul River itself is little more than a trickle for most of the
year, but swells in summer due to melting snows. Its largest
tributary is the Kunar, which starts out as the Mastuj River,
flowing from the Chiantar glacier in Chitral, Pakistan and once it
flows south into Afghanistan it is met by the Bashgal River
flowing from Nurestan. The Kunar meets the Kabul near
Jalalabad. In spite of the Kunar carrying more water than the
Kabul, the river continues as the Kabul River after this
confluence, mainly for the political and historical significance of
the name.

This river is attested in the Rig Veda, the earliest scripture of

Hinduism, under the name Kubhā (many of the rivers of
Afghanistan are mentioned in the Rig Veda). The Sanskrit word
later changed to Kābul.

Kundar River

Kundar River is located in Balochistan, Pakistan. The melt water

from the Sulaiman Mountains forms Kundar River and it flows
through Balochistan and drains into Gomal River.

The two principal drainage channels of the Zhob district are the
Zhob River and the Kundar River, both flows into the Gomal
River. The general direction of the rivers is from Southwest to
northeast. The Zhob River rises at Tsari Mehtarazai pass, the
watershed a distance of about 400 kilometers. The broad plain of
the Zhob River is occupied by the alluvial formation. The
Kundar River rises from the central and highest point of the
TobaKakar range, a few kilometers northeast of the Sakir. It
constitutes boundary between Pakistan and Afghanistan territory
for a considerable length. The other subsidiary rivers or streams
are the Baskan, Chukhan, Sri Toi, Sawar, Surab, etc.

Kunhar River

Kunhar River is located in North-West Frontier Province,

Pakistan. A main source of the river is Lulusar Lake, nearly
48km from Naran Valley. Glaciers of Malka Parbat and Makra
Peak and the waters of Saiful Muluk Lake feed the river. The
Kunhar flows through the entire Kaghan Valley through
Jalkhand, Naran, Kaghan, Jared, Paras and Balakot, and joins the
Jhelum River.

The Kunhar river trout is considered to be the best throughout the


Kurram River

The Kurrum River flows in the Kurrum Valley, stretching across

the Afghan-Pakistani border west to east (crosses from the Paktia
Province of Afghanistan into the Kohat border region of
Pakistan) at 33°49′N, 69°58′E, about 150 km west-to-south-
west of the Khyber Pass.

Lyari River

Lyari River is located in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. Lyari River

passes through the city of Karachi from north east to the center
and drains into the Arabian Sea. Lyari River is one of the two
rivers passing through Karachi and the other is Malir River.
Malir River

Malir River is located in Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan. Malir River

passes through the city of Karachi from northeast to the centre
and drains into the Arabian Sea. Malir River is one of the two
rivers passing through Karachi and the other is River. It has two
other little river help one is Thadho and other is Sukhan. In a
rainy season this river flow with lot of water and millions of
gallons of water waste in Arabian Sea. If the government
becomes serious to this matter and construct a dam on this river,
it will benefit the whole of Karachi a great deal.

Panjkora River

The Panjkora River rises high in the Hindu Kush at latitude

35.45 and joins the Swat River near Chakdara, Malakand,
NWFP, Pakistan. Its name is derived from the Persian for 'panj'
(meaning 'five') and 'kora' (meaning 'river').

Panjnad River

Panjnad River (panj = five, nadi = river) is a river in Punjab,

Pakistan. Panjnad River is formed by successive confluence of
the five rivers of Punjab, namely Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas
and Sutlej. Jhelum and Ravi join Chenab, Beas joins Sutlej, and
then Sutlej and Chenab join to form Panjnad near Uch Sharif.
The combined stream runs southwest for approximately 45 miles
and joins Indus River at Mithankot. The Indus continues into the
Arabian Sea. A dam on Panjnad has been erected; it provides
irrigation channels for Punjab and Sind provinces south of the
Sutlej and east of the Indus rivers.

Beyond the confluence of Indus and Panjnad rivers, the Indus

river was known as Satnad (Sat = seven) carrying the waters of
seven rivers including Indus river, which is believed to be in
ealrlier times the Saraswati/Ghaggar/Hakra river which
eventually dried and became a seasonal river due to seismic
shifts in the glacial region of Himachal Pradesh where it
originated and later on Kabul river and the five rivers of Punjab.

Ravi River

The Ravi River is a river in India and Pakistan. It is one of the

five rivers which give Punjab its name. The Ravi was known as
Parushani or Iravati to Indians in Vedic times and Hydraotes to
the Ancient Greeks. It originates in the Himalayas in the Chamba
district of Himachal Pradesh following a north-westerly course.
It turns to the south-west, near Dalhousie, and then cuts a gorge
in the Dhaola Dhar range entering the Punjab plain near
Madhopur. It then flows along the Indo-Pak border for some
distance before entering Pakistan and joining the Chenab River.
The total length of the river is about 720 km. The waters of the
Ravi River are allocated to India under the Indus Waters Treaty
between India and Pakistan and the resulting Indus Basin Project.
It is also called 'The river of Lahore' since that great city is
located on its eastern bank. On its western bank is located the
famous tomb of Jahangir.

Shigar River

Shigar River is located in Baltistan, Northern Areas, and

Pakistan. The Shigar River is formed from the melt water of the
Baltoro Glacier and Biafo Glacier. The river is tributary to Indus
River and meets the Indus in Skardu valley.


Shimshal River

The Shimshal river a tributary of the Hunza River, rises from a

glacier from the northern base of the Kanjut Sar massif in the
area to the north of the Karakoram range. Small snow-fed
tributaries join the river at various places. Two main streams of
this river originate in different depressions of an offshoot of the
Karakoram Range. They merge where the two valleys meet and
flow as the main stream of the Shimshal towards west to join
with the Hunza River upstream of Baltit.

There is an increase in the discharge of this river in late summer

when the glacier melts at a faster pace. Flash floods may occur in
mid-afternoon during this season when the water level rises

The entire catchment area of the Shimshal River is devoid of a

vegetative cover. Human habitation is restricted to the banks of
the Hunza River.

Sutlej River

Sutlej River is the longest of the five rivers that flow through the
historic cross-road region known as the Punjab in northern India
as well as Pakistan, and is located north of the Vindhya Range,
south of the Hindu Kush segment of the Himalayas, and east of
the Central Makran range in Pakistan. Its source is in Tibet near
Mount Kailash, and its terminus in Pakistani Punjab near the port
city of Karachi via the Indus.

It is the easternmost tributary river of the Indus River, which

overall, drains the ancient and historically important region of
Greater Punjab. Located in the shadow of the Vindhya Range,
the region to its south and east is arid and known in different
regions as the Great Indian Desert or Thar Desert, which more or
less parallels both the river and the border between Pakistan and
Rajistan. Flowing generally south-southwest from its headwaters,
the Sutlej River joins first with the Beas River in the state of
Punjab, India and continues south-westerly into Pakistan to mix
with the Chenab River, forming the Panjnad River south of
ancient Multan. From the confluence near Khanpur, the Panjnad
joins the Indus River at Mithankot, where after the large river
flows through a gorge near Sukkur and flows through a fertile
plains region known as the Sind until it reaches the Arabian Sea.
A heavy freight canal, known as the SLY (Sutlej-Yamuna Link),
is being built eastwards through Punjab near an ancient caravan
route and highlands pass from the Sutlej watershed to connect
near the source of the largest tributary of the Ganges, the
Yamuna river, and when complete will allow shipping from
India's east coast to the west coast.

Swaan River

The Swaan River is the most important stream of the Pothohar

region of Pakistan. It drains much of the water of Pothohar. It
starts near a small village Bun in the foothills of Patriata and
Murree. It provides water to Simlbee Dam, which is reservoir of
water for Islamabad. Near Pharwala Fort it cuts through a high
mountain range and that is a wonderful phenomenon of nature.
The place is called Swan Cut. No stream can cut such a high
mountain. It proves the Swaan was there before the formation of
this range. And when the mountain rose through millions of
years, the stream continued its path by cutting the rising
mountain. Ling stream, following a relatively long course though
Lehtrar and Kahuta falls in the Swaan near Sihala.

Islamabad Highway crosses this stream near Sihala where

famous bridge Cock Pull is constructed over it. Another famous,
Lai stream joins this stream near Swaan Camp. After walking a
tortuous path and creating a big curve, the stream reaches
Kalabagh where it falls into the Indus River. This relatively small
stream is more than 250 kilometers long. Due to its mountainous
course and shallow bed, it is hardly used for irrigation purposes.
For grinding wheat, you can find ancient types of flour mills near
Chakian. Fishing is not possible in this stream as a profession.
Rohu is the main species of fish in this stream. Kingfisher hunts
here too.

Swat River

Swat River flows from Hindu Kush Mountains through Kalam

valley and merges into Kabul River in Peshawar valley Sarhad,

Swat River irrigates vast area of Swat District and contributes to

fishing industry of the region. Saidu Group's of teaching
hospitals also located at the banks of Swat River. Malamjaba ski
resort is about 10 miles away from the river. Ayub Bridge is one
of the attractions for visitors. The scenery attracts many tourists
from all over Pakistan during the summer.

It is said that Alexander the Great crossed the Swat River with
part of his army and before turning south to subdue the locals at
what are now Barikoot and Odegram. Also, the banks of this
river, which was earliest known as Shrivastu, later Suvastu and
currently the present name, is the place of origin of the
Shrivastava sub-clan of the Indo-Aryan Kayastha clan.

Some 30 years ago, the water was fit for drinking even in
Mingora (100 km downstream from Kalam), but now it is not
safe even in Kalam.
Swat River joins the Kabul river near Charsadda, Peshawar
valley. There are two main hydro-electric power projects on
canals from the swat river which generates electricity for local

Tochi River

Tochi river is located in North Waziristan, Federally

Administered Tribal Areas, Pakistan. Tochi river flows eastward,
in North Waziristan, to join the Kurram River and the Indus. It
surrounds Waziristan in the North while the Gomal River
surrounds South Waziristan.

It is also sometimes referred to as the Gambila River.

Zhob River

Zhob River is located in Balochistan, Pakistan. The melt water

from the Sulaiman Mountains forms Zhob Rivers and it flows
through Balochistan and drains into Gomal River. Zhob city is
located on banks of Zhob River.

The two principal drainage channels of the Zhob district are the
Zhob River and the Kundar River, both flow into the Gomal
River. The general direction of the rivers is from Southwest to
northeast. The Zhob River rises at Tsari Mehtarazai pass, the
watershed a distance of about 400 kilometers. The broad plain of
the Zhob River is occupied by the alluvial formation. The
Kundar River rises from the central and highest point of the
TobaKakar range, a few kilometers northeast of the Sakir. It
constitutes boundary between Pakistan and Afghanistan territory
for a considerable length. The other subsidiary rivers or streams
are the Baskan, Chukhan, Sri Toi, Sawar, Surab, etc.
Rivers Region Length in Height of Snout
Miles (Kms) Ft/M (Approx.)
Indus 2,896 45 (72.4) 12,150 (3,703.3)
Jhelum 825 km. 38 (61.2) 10,500 (3,200.4)
Chenab 1,242 27 (59.5) 10,366 (3,159.6)
Ravi 901 km.
Sutlej 1,551 36 (57.9) 11,580 (3,529.6)
Beas (tributary 398 km. 40 (64.4) 8,03
of Sutlej)
Current Pakistan Affairs

Fill in the Blanks

1.The last viceroy of united India was _______.(Lord Mount Batten)

2.______ is known as Bab-ul-Islam.(sindh)

3.The first O.I.C summit was held in ___________ in _______. (Rabat,Morocco)(1969)

4.The second O.I.C summit was held in ________ in _________.(Lahore,Pakistan)(1974)

5.The third O.I.C summit was held in _______ and ________

in________.(Makkah)(Taif,Saudia Arabia)(1981)

6.The fourth O.I.C summit was held in ________ in ______.(Casablanca,Morocco)(1984)

7.The fifth O.I.C summit was held in _______ in _______.(Kuwait)(1987)

8.The sixth O.I.C summit was held in ________ in ______.(Dakar,Senegal)(1991)

9.The seventh O.I.C summit was held in _______ in _______.(Casablanca)(1994)

10.The eight O.I.C summit was held in ___________ in _______.(Tehran,Iran)(1997) OIC

11.The highway linking China and Pakistan is called


12.Pakistan became the member of UNO on ____________and ___________ Opposed

it.(30th December 1947)(Afghanistan)

13. _____________ are the two most important food crops of Pakistan.(Wheat and Rice)

14.The Objective Resolution was put forwarded by ___________ in________.(Liaquat Ali


15._________ and ________ are two famous Pushto poets.(Khushal Khan

Khatak)(Rehman Baba)

16.The State Bank was inaugurated by _________ in __________.(Jinnah Mohammed Ali)(July

17.The first constitution of Pakistan came into force on __________ and cancelled in
_______.(23rd March 1956)(1958)
18.The second constitution of Pakistan was promulgated on __________.(1st March 1962)

19.The third constitution of Pakistan was promulgated on _________.(14th August 1973)

20.Pakistan's second Governer General and 2nd Prime Minister was _______.(Khawaja

21.The Government of Pakistan imposed the system of in the year _____ and it is collected at
______.(1980)(1/3 %)

22.Quaid-e-Azam joined Muslim League in the year _____.(1913)

23.The Simla-Deputation1906 was headed by ___________.(Sir Agha Khan)

24.Pakistan's largest heavy engineering complex is situated at _______ ,Built with the help of
25.The highest peak of Pakistan is _____.(K-2)

26.Sui gas was found in the year _____.(1952)

27.__________ was the chairman of boundary commission.(Sir Red Cliff)

28.The growth rate of Pakistan is _____.(3%)

29.The Lukhnow Pact 1916was signed between Muslim League and _______ in the year

30.The first President of All India Muslim League was _______.(Sir Agha Khan)

31.Quaid-e-Azam proposed his 14 points in the year _____.(1929)

32.The United Nations was founded in _________.(24th October 1945)

33.The first meeting of the Muslim League took place in the year ____ at

34.The Cripps Mission visited India in______.(1942) 35.___________ Was the first PAKISTAN

36.The Cabinet Mission came to India in the year ______ A.D and had ___

37.R.C.D (Regional Co-operation for development )was established in______.(1964)

38.Quaid-e-Azam Gave his 14 points in reply to ________.(Nehru Report)

39.Mount Batten announced his plan on _________.(3rd June 1947)

40.The first independent ruler of Muslim India was ________.(Qutub uddin Aibak)

41.Allama Iqbal gave his historical address in the year _____ A.D at _____ .(1930) (Allahbad)

42.Quaid-e-Azam appealed on _________ to observe day of Deliverance or Yaum-e-Nijat

/Tashakkur.(22th december 1939)

43.___________ has 4 divisions.(Sindh)

44.__________ was the first President of Pakistan.(Iskander Mirza)

45.Participation of Bengal took place in the year ______A.d And cancelled in _____

46.The two biggest hydraulic dams of Pakistan are _______ and _______.(Tarbela)(Mangla)

47.Pakistan was recognized as a republic in the year _____.(1956)

48._____________ Translated the Holly Quran in Persian.(Hazrat Shah Wali Ullah)

49.Moen jo Daro was built _______ years ago through a thought plan.(4000)

50.The Muslim League was founded in _______ at _____ due to the movement of _______
.(1906) (Dhaka) ( Nawab Saleem Ullah Khan)

51.All India Congress was founded by ____________ in the year _________ A.d.(Allan

52.The first Prime Minister of Pakistan was ___________.(Liaqat Ali Khan)

53.The First World War started in _______.(1914)

54.The second World War ended in ______. (1945)

55.Urdu is a Persian word it means ______.(Camp)

56.First Muslim General _____________ invaded Sindh.(Mohammad Bin Qasim)

57.The highest court of Pakistan is __________.(Supreme Court)

58.The Aligarh Movement was started by ________.(Sir Syed Ahmed Khan)

59.Quaid-e-Azam remained member of both Muslim League and Congress for __ years.(9)

60.Badshahi Mosque was built by __________ at Lahore.(Aurangzeb Alamgir)

61. Sindh was separated from Bombay presidency in the year _____A.D.(1936)

62.First Round Table Conference took place in London in _______ A.D.(1930)

63.Second Round Table Conference took place in London in ______ A.D.(1931)

64.General Zia Ul Haq took office in ____ A.D.(1977)

65.Quaid-e-Azam was born on ___________.(25th December 1876)

66.___________ and ____________ are the two building found in Pakistan that were built by
Mughal Empire.(Badshahi Mosque)(Shahi Qila)

67.Pakistan's two important agricultural crops are _____ and _____.(Cotton)(Rice)

68.Allama Iqbal was born at ________.(Sialkot)(1877)

69.The last Mughal Emperor of India was _________.(Bahadur Shah Zafar)

70.Pakistan's largest steel mill is at ________ formed by the cooperation of


71.There are ___ natural regions of Pakistan.(4)

72.The Mosque built by ________ is at Thatta.(Shah Jahan)

73.The duration sixth five -years plan is ______.(1985-1990)

74.According to the 1972 census the literacy rate in Pakistan was _____ which grew to _____ in

75.The true name of Hazrat Mujaddid Alif Sane was _______.(Shaikh Ahmed)

76.In the 1945 Muslim League won ____ Muslims seats in the central Assembly.(30)

77.The British Parliament passed the Indian Independence law in _________ or made the Indian
participation plan into a law.(July 1947)

78.The script of All Pakistani languages is similar and it is based on ______ (Quranic Script)

79.Sind Madarsa-ul-Islam was founded by ___________.(Hasan Ali Afandi)

80.Pakistan earns its biggest share of foreign exchange from _____.(Cotton)

81.In _______ ,________ helped Pakistan in making arrangements to hold the Islamic Summit
Conference.(1974)(Shah Faisal)

82.The first General elections of Pakistan were held in the year______.(1971)

83.SAARC abbreviates for __________ .(South Asian Assocition for Regional Cooperation)

84.________ founded Muslim League's braneli at London in _____.(Syed Ameor Ali)(1908)

85.All Pakistani languages contain lots of words of ______ and _______.(Arabic)(Persian)

86.Immediately after Independence from the British India forcefully annexed


87._______ and ________ occupied a large territory of Kashmir.(Dakkan)(Junagarh)

88.The _____ nuclear exploitation showed the true face of Indian agression.(1974)

89.Congress started "Leave India Movement" in the year ______.(1942)

90.In_____,________ defeated the Marhatas at the battle field of Pani Patt.(1761)(Ahmed Shah

91.The first Mughal Emperor was _____.(Babar)

92.The Mughal Emperor Akbar introduced the _________.(Deen-e-Elahi)

93.Pakistani languages are greatly influenced from _______.(Arabic)

94._________ and _________ are two important Sindhi poets.(Shah Abdul Latif)(Sachal

95.Two palces famous for wooden crafts are ______ and ______ in Pakistan.(Hala)(Kashmor)
96.The Indus Basin Treaty was signed between Pakistan and India in the year ____.(1960)

97.Sindh Muslim League passed a resolution in _______.(1938)

98.Nizam-e-Mustafa movement was carried in the year ____.(1977)

99.The Hindu Society is divided in ___ casts.(4)

100.Pakistan's _____ population live in rural areas.(70%)

101.The first Muslim League Government was formed in Sindh in ______.(1943)

102.Masjid Mahabat Khan is situated at _________.(Peshawar)

103.Masjid Wazir Khan is situated at ________.(Lahore)

104.Simla Delegation met _______ in 1945.(Lord Wevell)

105.In year ____ the Simla delegation headed by Sir Agha Khan met ______.(1906) (Lord

106.Liaqat Ali Khan born in ______ and become the secretary general of Muslim in

107.Waris Shah wrote _________.(Heer Ranjha)

108.The total area of Pakistan is _________ and total population according to 1981 census
is _____________ million/crores.(796096)(83782000)

109.Pakistan exploded its first atomic bomb at _______ in the year ______.(Chaghi)(May 1998)

110.Moen-jo-Daro is the province of ______.( Sindh).

111.The period of first five year plan was _________.(1955-1960)

112.Pakistan joined the non -Aligned Movement in in the year ______.(1979)

113.The first conferences of NAM was held at ______ in _______ and the second at

114.The fort of Lahore (Shahi Qila) was built by ________.(Jehangir)

115.Sind was conquired by Mohammad bin Qasim in the year ______.(712)

116.The head of the state is called _______ and head of the Government is called
_______.(President)(Prime Minister)

117.The Secretariate of O.I.C is at ________ (Saudi Arabia) and RCD at


118.RCD is called now ________ .(R.E.C (Regional Economic Council)

119.The desert land of Sindh is called _______ and that Bahawalpur is called

120.The first Saint to came South Asia ______________ is most important of all.(Hazrat Ali

121.Hazrat Amman Marvandi is known as _________.(Lal Shahbaz Qalandar)

122.In ______ Cripps mission was presented.(1942)

123.In 1945-1946 elections Muslim League won ____ seats in central and _______ in provincial

124.In ______ Lord Wavell proposed the formation of a temperary government consisting of the
political parties of United India.(1945)

125.According to 3rd June 1947 plan plebiscite was held in __________ and

126.In the North of Kabul river Khyber Pass is situated which is _____ km long.(53)

127.In the 1973 constitution ________ was recognized as state religion.(Islam)

128.In Pakistan ____ languages are spoken.(30)

129.__________ is the sufi poet of Pushto poetry.(Rehman Baba)

130._________ is considered as first poet of Pushto.(Ameer Karoro)

131.For a developing country like Pakistan ____________ is very important.(Nuclear Power)

132.U.N has _______ members.(159)

133.The five principles passed by the Non-Aligned countries are called _______.(Punj Shilla)

134.The members of R.C.D are _________,________, and ________.(Pakistan)(Iran)(Turkey)

135.In __________ separate elections principle was accepted.(1909)

136.Sir Syed founded scientific society in ________.(1862)

137.The Khilafat conference meeting held at Karachi in ______.(1921)

138.The fundamental principle of our foreign policy is ________________.(friendship with the

nations of the world)

139.Sir Syed brought out the digest "Tehzib-ul-Akhlaq" in _______.(1870)

140.The first central office of Muslim League was established at ________.(Aligarh)

141.The word Pakistan was proposed by ______________ in a pamphlet named _______

.(Choudri Rehmat Ali)(No and Never)

142.The first constituent assembly of Pakistan was dissolved in the year ______ and _______
was its speaker.(1954)(Mir Maulvi Tamizuddin)

143.Under the constitution of 1973 the National Assembly consists of ______ Muslim members
and the Senate consist of ____ members.(207)(87)
1. First state to join Pakistan was BahawulPur, 1954.

2. Pakistan opened its first embassy in Iran.

3. Egypt was first to open its embassy in Pakistan. (chk)

4. First governor of State Bank Zahid Hussain.

5. Iran was first to recognize Pakistan.

6. First lady federal minister Vikarun Nisa Noor (Tourism).

7. First Lady governor Rana Liaquat Ali (Sindh) 1973-1976.

8. Pak: cricket team first visited England.(chk: India)

9. First captain of cricket team Abdul Hafeez Kardar.

10. First century Nazar Mohammd against India in 1954 in Lacknow.

11. First Woman University is located in Rawalpindi.

12. First governor of Punjab=Francis Moody.

13. First CM of Punjab=Iftikhar Hussain Mamdot.

14. First Governor of Sindh=Ghulam Hussain Hidayatullah.

15. First CM of Sindh=Ayub Khoro.

16. First Governor of Baluchistan=Lt: General Riaz Hussain.

17. First CM of Baluchistan=Attaullah Mengal.

18. First Chief Justice of Pak: Sir Abdur Rasheed.

19. First PM of Azad Kashmir=Abdul Hamid Khan.

20. First President of AJK=Sardar Ibrahim Khan.

21. First Commander-in-Chief of Pak: Army was Frank Miservi.

22. First chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee was General Mohd: Sahrif.

23. First chief of Staff of armed forces was General Tikka Khan.
24. First governor State Bank was Zahid Hussain.

25. First daily newspaper is Amroz 1947.

26. First lady pilot was Shukriya Khanum.

27. First museum of Pak established in Karachi in 1950.

28. First Bank was United Bank (7th August, 1947)

29. First Agriculture Reforms in Pak: Jan: 24, 1959.

30. First Chief Election Commissioner of Pak: Mr. Khan F.M.Khan (25th March, 1956)

31. Election Commision was created on 23rd March, 1956 under Article 137 of 1956

32. First Muslim Commander in Chief of Pak: Ayub Khan.

33. First Radio Station established was of Karachi.

34. First T.V station was setup at Lahore on Nov: 26, 1964.

35. First lady Lady Major General in Pak: Dr. Shahida Malik.

36. First Space satellite was launched by Pak: in 1990.

37. First private TV Channel STN launched in 1990.

38. First Chairman Senate was Habibullah Khan.

39. First woman judge of High Court: Majida Rizvi.

40. First constructed barrage of Pak: Sukkur Barrage.

41. First Secretary General of Pak: Ch: Mohd: Ali.

42. Agro museum is at Lailpur.

43. First bio-gas plant was installed in 1974.

44. First woman bank established on Dec: 1, 1989.

45. Badshahi mosque built in 1670 A.D.

46. Designataion of GG changed into President on 23rd March, 1956.

47. Largest Hockey stadium is National Hockey Stadium Lahore.

48. First minority minister of Pak: Joginder Nath Mandal held the portfolio of law.

49. First Atomic Reactor established in Islamabad in 1956. (chk).

50. Largest railway tunnel is Khojak.

51. Smallest dam of Pak: Warsak dam.

52. Largest fort of Pak: “Rani Kot”.

53. City Bank is the largest bank in the country.(chk: Habib Bank)

54. Nishan-e-Pak: is the highest civil award of Pak:

55. Second highest civil award is Hilal-e-Pak:

56. Ayub National Park (Rawalpinidi) is the largest Park in Pakistan.

57. Lahore Museum is the biggest in Pak: (chk)

58. Largest Railway station is Lahore.

59. Highest Pass is Muztag Pass which connects Gilgit to Xinkiyang.

60. Largest canal is Lloyd Barrage Canal or Sukkur Barrage or Lance Down Pull built in 1936.

61. Largest Cement Plant is Lucky Cement Plant near Luki Marwat.

62. Largest road is Shahrah-e-Pak:

63. Shortest river is Ravi.

64. Smallest division is Karachi.

65. Largest division is Kalat.

66. Largest division of Sindh is Therparkar.

67. Habib Bank Plaza Karachi has 23 stories (345 ft)

68. Minar-e-Pak: is 196 ft, 8 inches high.

69. Pakistan has its longest boundary with Afghanistan.

70. Pakistan is 34th largest country in the world, 6th population wise.

71. Smallest civil award is Tamg-e-Khidmat.

72. First census of Indo-Pak: 1881.

73. Highest dam is Mangla dam.

74. Pak: expedition to Antarctica reached on 5 Jan, 1991 established Jinnah Research Station

75. Longest tenure as Governor General was Ghulam Mohammad.

76. Longest tenure as President was Ayub Khan.

77. Longest period of rule was of Zia.

78. Longest tenure as PM was of Liaquat Ali

79. Shortest tenure as PM of Ayub Khan (3 days) then Shujaat Hussain (47 days).

80. Shortest tenure as President is of Bhutto.

81. Shortest tenure as Governor General is of Quaid.

82. Longest tenure as Governor General is of Ghulam Mohd:

83. Largest library is Quaid-e-Azam library.

84. Largest University is in Punjab.

85. Oldest university is in Punjab.

86. The only non-military shaheed to receive Nishan-e-Haider was Subaidar Lalik Jan he
belonged to NLI.

87. Highest peak of Sulaiman mountains is Takht-e-Sulaiman.

88. Highest peak is K2 (Goodwin Austin 5,611 meters)

89. 2nd largest glacier of Pak: is Batura.

90. Largest Island of Pak: is Manora.

91. Smallest city is Jehlum.

92. Longest tunnel rail= Khojak (2.43 miles) (Baluchistan), road=Lowari Tunnel (5 miles),
water=Warsak Dam Tunnel (3.5 miles).

93. Rainiest city is RawalPindi.

94. Rainiest place is Muree.

95. First Medical College was Nishtar Medical College.

96. Smallest Dam is Warsak dam.

97. Largest mountain range is Karakoram.

98. First to receive Nishan-e-Hyder was Mohd: Sarwar Shaheed.

99. First private airline of Pakistan is Hajvari.

100. Pak’s Second largest city is Lahore.

101. Abdur Rasheed was the first chief Justice was the first chief justice of Pakistan.
102. Zafarullah khan was the first foreign minister of Pakistan.

103. Keenjhar is the largest man made lake in Pakistan.

104. Manchar Lake is the biggest lake of Pakistan.

105. Trich Mir is the highest peak of Hindu Kush.

106. Largest coal mine is in Quetta.

107. In Pakistan, first woman bank was established in the year 1989.

108. Pakistan’s first geo-scientific laboratory is functioning in Islamabad.

109. The highest point of the Khyber Pass is Landhi Kotal.

110. The first atomic power station of Pakistan was installed in Karachi.

111. The First President of America who made an official visit to Pakistan was Dwight D.

112. Largest airline is PIA.

113. Largest airport is Quaid-e-Azam Internationl Airport, Karachi.

114. Largest canal is Lloyd Barrage Canal.

115. Largest dam is Terbela.

116. Largest desert is Thar.

117. Largest district is Khuzdar (Baluchistan).

118. Largest industial unit is Pak: Steel Mill.

119. Largest industry is Textile.

120. Largest island is Manora (Karachi)

121. Largest Jungle is Changa Manga (Kasur).

122. Largest lake (artificial) is Keenjhar.

123. Largest lake (natural) is Manchar.

124. Largest library is Pujab Public Library, Lahore.

125. Largest mine is Salt Mines of Khewra.

126. Largest motorway is Lahore-Islamabad.

127. Largest museum is National Meseum, Karachi.

128. Largest circulated urdu newspaper is Jang, Enghish is The News.

129. Largest nuclear reactor is KANUPP, Karachi.

130. Largest oil field is Dhurnal Oil Field.

131. Largest park is Ayub National Park, Rawalpindi.

132. Largest Radio Station is Islamabad.

133. Largest university is Punjab University, Lahore.

134. Longest coast is of Baluchistan (771 km)

135. Largest railway platform is of Rohri.

136. Longest railway track: Karachi to Landi Kotal.

137. Longest road: Karachi to Peshawar.

138. First TV station in Pakistan started at Lahore.

139. Pakistan’s first radio station was set up at Karachi


Serial Name Duration

1 Mr. Mohammad Ali Jinnah (Quaid-e-Azam) 15-08-1947 to 11-09-1948
2 Khawaja Nazimuddin 14-09-1948 to 16-10-1951
3 Malik Ghulam Mohammad 19-10-1951 to 05-10-1955
4 Maj. General Isakandar Mirza 06-10-1955 to 22-03-1956
PAKISTAN Presidents
Complete List of Pakistani Ex Presidents. Name and tenure of all Pakistani Presidents from 1956
to today . Sikandar Mirza was the first Presedent of Pakistan . Current President Syed Mamnoon
Hussain is the 16th President of Pakistan.
Serial Name Duration
1 Maj. General Iskandar Mirza 23-03-1956 to 27-10-1958
2 Field Marshal General Mohammed Ayub Khan 27-10-1958 to 25-03-1969
3 General Mohammed Yahya Khan 25-03-1969 to 20-12-1971
4 Mr. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto 20-12-1971 to 14-08-1973
5 Mr. Fazal Elahi Chaudhry 14-08-1973 to 16-09-1978
6 General Mohammed Zia-ul-Haq 16-09-1978 to 17-08-1988
7 Mr. Ghulam Ishaq Khan 17-08-1988 to 08-07-1993
8 Mr. Wasim Sajjad (Acting) 18-07-1993 to 14-11-1993
9 Sardar Farooq Ahmed Leghari 14-11-1993 to 02-12-1997
10 Mr. Wasim Sajjad(Acting) 02-12-1997 to 01-01-1998
11 Justice (Retd) Mohammed Rafiq Tarar 01-01-1998 to 20-06-2001
12 General Parvez Musharraf 20-06-2001 to 18-08-2008
13 Muhammah Mian Somro (Acting) 18-08-2008 to 09-09-2008
14 Asif Ali Zardari 9 September 2008 To 8
September 2013
15 Syed Mamnoon Hussain 9 September 2013 to Present
PAKISTAN Prime Ministers

Serial Name From To

01- Nawabzada Liaqat Ali Khan 14 August 1947 16
02- Khawja Nazimuddin 17 October 1951 17 April
03- Muhammad Ali Bogra 17 April 1953 11 August
04- Chuhdary Muhammad Ali 12 August 1955 12
05- Hussian Shaheed Suharwardi 12 September 1956 16
06- Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar 17 October 1957 16
07- Malik Feroz Khan Noon 16 December 1957 7 October
08- Muhammad Ayub Khan 8 October 1958 27
09- Noor ul Amin ( Nominated) 7 December 1971 20
10- Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto 14 August 1973 5 July
11- Muhammad Khan Junejo 23 March 1985 29 May
12- Benazir Bhutto 2 December 1988 6 August
13- Ghulam Mustafa Jatoi(Caretaker) 6 August 1990 6
14- Mian Muhamamd Nawaz Sharif 6 November 1990 18 April
15- Mir Balakh Sher Mazari(Caretaker) 18 April 1993 26 May
14- Mian Muhamamd Nawaz Sharif 26 May 1993 18 July
16- Moin Ahmad Qureeshi(Caretaker) 18 July 1993 19
17- Benazir Bhutto 19 October 1993 5
18- Malik Meraj Khalid(Caretaker) 5 November 1996 17
19- Muhamamd Nawaz Sharif 17 February 1997 12
20- Zafarullah Khan Jamali 21 November 2002 26 June
21- Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain 30 June 2004 20 August
22- Shaukat Aziz 29 August 2004 16
23- Muhammad Mian Soomro(Caretaker) 16 November 2007 25 March
24- Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani 25 March 2008 26 April
25- Raja Pervaiz Ashraf 22 June 2012 25 March
26- Mir Hazar Khan Khoso (Caretaker) 25 March 2013 5 June
27- Nawaz Sharif 5 June 2013 Present
Attorney General of Pakistan
The Attorney General for Pakistan is appointed under Article 100 of the constitution of the
Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the Deputy Attorney General of Pakistan appointed under the
Central Law Officers Ordinance, 1970. The Attorney General is the chief legal advisor of the
government and serves at the pleasure of the President of Pakistan or till his/her resignation.

Controversially in Pakistan the Attorney General had the right to private practice. The reasons
for this was that in Pakistan an Advocate is institutionally independent, and is not in the ordinary
course permitted to be employed.

It is customary however that despite this permission to do so, AG's do not appear on behalf of
other clients, with the exception of briefs accepted before assumption of office which are at a
stage of litigation where it would be impossible to instruct another Advocate. Sharifuddin
Pirzada a former three time Attorney General and Malik Qayyum were conspicuous for their use
of this right and accepting private briefs even after assuming office which was viewed by
many[citation needed] as unethical and a conflict of interest.
It is pertinent to note that the last three Attorneys General before Mr. Malik Mohammad Qayyum
did not make use of their right of private practice. The 18th amendment ( passed in April 2010)
to the Constitution of Pakistan abolished the Attorney General's right to private practice.

In January 2014, Attorney General Munir A. Malik, Senior Advocate Supreme Court, tendered
his resignation from office citing personal reasons. He was succeeded by Salman Aslam Butt an
advocate of Supreme Court.
Name of Attorney
Entered Office Left Office
Faiyaz Ali Appointed by 1956
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Syed Sharifuddin May 1968 December
Pirzada 1971
Yahya Bakhtiar December 1971 July 1977
Syed Sharifuddin July 1977 December
Pirzada 1984
Aziz A Munshi 1985 October
Ali Ahmed Fazeel October 1986 May 1988
Aziz A Munshi May 1988 December
Yahya Bakhtiar December 1988 August 1990
Aziz A Munshi 1990 1993
Qazi Mohammad 1994 1996
Chaudhry Muhammad 1997 October
Farooq 1999
Aziz A Munshi November 1999 September
Barrister Makhdoom September 2001 August 2007
Ali Khan
Justice (r) Malik August 2007 August 2008
Mohammad Qayyum
Latif Khosa August 2008 October
Anwar Mansoor Khan December 2009 April 2010
Justice (r) Maulvi April 2010 April 2012
Anwar ul Haq
Irfan Qadir April 2012 June 2013
Munir A. Malik June 2013 January
Salman Aslam Butt January 2014 Present
State Bank Governors of Pakistan
Mr. Ashraf Mahmood Wathra has been appointed as Acting Governor, SBP with effect from
close of business, January 31, 2014.

Mr. Wathra assumed charge of the office of Deputy Governor (DG), State Bank of Pakistan
(SBP) on March 11, 2013. The Federal Government had notified Mr. Wathra's appointment as
DG, SBP on March 5, 2013 for a period of three years from the date he assumed office.

Mr. Wathra brings 35 years of commercial & investment banking experience to his new
assignment. Prior to joining SBP, he was serving the National Bank of Pakistan (NBP) as its
Senior Executive Vice President & Group Chief, Credit Management Group, since October,

Before joining NBP, Mr. Wathra served Habib Bank Limited from April 1999 to September
2012 in various responsible capacities such as Regional General Manager (Bangladesh),
Executive Vice President & Regional General Manager (Singapore), Executive Vice President,
Group Executive and Risk Manager & Senior Credit Officer, Asset Remedial Management

He was attached with Faysal Bank Limited from May 1992 to March 1999 in senior positions
such as Executive Vice President & Country Risk Manager, Executive Vice President &
Regional Manager and Senior Vice President & Chief Manager. From 1978 to 1992, he had been
associated with BRR Capital Modaraba, Emirates Bank International, American Express Bank
Ltd. and ANZ Grindlays Bank. He also served as Director at Habib Finance International, Hong
Kong and Habib Finance, Australia.

Holding Masters Degree in Business Administration, Mr. Wathra has attended a number of
seminars, conferences and courses at home and abroad including Wharton/SMU General
Management Program, Operational Risk Management and Asian Bonds Summit etc.

Mr. Wathra holds extensive experience in restructuring and reorganization of business units. He
has extensive knowledge of investment banking and commercial banking operations, trade
finance products and underlying delivery systems. Well conversant with Islamic modes of
finance, he has extensive marketing experience of a cross section of corporate, government and
aid agencies including syndication of large facilities for corporate and public sector. He also has
experience in line management, audit & risk review, credit & risk management.

Sr Name From To Image

1 (Late) MR. ZAHID 10-06-1948 19-07-1953
2 (Late) MR. ABDUL 20-07-1953 19-07-1960

3 (Late) MR. S.A. HASNIE 20-07-1960 19-07-1967

4 (Late) MR. MAHBUBUR 20-07-1967 01-07-1971


5 (Late) MR. S.U. DURRANI 01-07-1971 22-12-1971

6 (Late) MR. GHULAM 22-12-1971 30-11-1975


7 (Late) MR. S. OSMAN ALI 01-12-1975 01-07-1978

8 MR. A.G.N. KAZI 15-07-1978 09-07-1986

09 (Late) MR. V.A. JAFAREY 10-07-1986 16-08-1988

To 02-09-1989) TERM (01-
09-1990 To

11 MR. KASSIM PAREKH 05-09-1989 30-08-1990

12 DR. MUHAMMAD 25-07-1993 05-11-1999


13 DR. ISHRAT HUSAIN 02-12-1999 01-12-2005

14 DR. SHAMSHAD 02-01-2006 01-01-2009


15 SYED SALIM RAZA 02-01-2009 02-06-2010

16 MR. SHAHID HAFIZ 09-09-2010 18-07-2011


17 MR. YASEEN ANWAR 20-10-2011 31-01-2014

18 Mr. Ashraf Mahmood January 31, 2014 Present
Wathra (Acting)

Army Chiefs of Pakistan

General Raheel Sharif, Hilal-i-Imtiaz (Military) hails from a martial stock. He was born in
Quetta on 16 June 1956 to Major and Mrs Muhammad Sharif. He is younger brother of Major
Shabir Sharif, NH, SJ and Capt Mumtaz Sharif, Sbt. He is an alumnus of Govt College Lahore,
and Pakistan Military Academy from where he passed out with 54th PMA Long Course. He was
commissioned in Oct 1976 in the battle hardened and renowned 6th Battalion The Frontier Force
Regiment in which his elder brother had embraced Shahadat.

As a Young Officer, he performed his duties in Gilgit in an Infantry Brigade and also served as
Adjutant of Pakistan Military Academy. He did Company Commanders Course from Germany
and subsequently served in the prestigious School of Infantry and Tactics as an instructor. He
attended the Command and Staff College Canada, graduating with distinction.

The officer carries with him a vast experience of Command, Staff and Instructional
appointments. He served as the Brigade Major of an Infantry Brigade and has commanded two
infantry units i.e 6 Frontier Force Regiment at Kashmir along LOC and 26 Frontier Force
Regiment along the Sialkot Border. He remained on the faculty of the Command and Staff
College, Quetta and attended Armed Forces War Course at National Defence University,
Islamabad in 1998. As a Brigadier, he has commanded two Infantry Brigades, including an
Independent Infantry Brigade Group. The General has had the honor of being the Chief of Staff
of two Corps, i.e 30 Corps and 12 Corps. He is also a graduate of the prestigious Royal College
of Defence Studies, United Kingdom.

He has been the General Officer Commanding of an Infantry Division and the Commandant of
prestigious Pakistan Military Academy. As a Lieutenant General he served as Corps Commander
30 Corps for two years before taking over as Inspector General Training and Evaluation in which
capacity he oversaw the training of Pakistan Army. His stewardship resulted in fructification of
Pakistan Army�s operational thought and doctrinal response to the much vaunted Cold Start
doctrine of Indian Army. The general is married and has two sons and a daughter. He is an avid
reader and enjoys hunting and swimming.

On Nov 27,2013, the government approved Sharif's appointment for the slot of Chief of Army
Staff, a position that he will be taking over from Ashfaq Parvez Kayani who will be stepping
down on Nov 29, 2013 after serving as military chief for six years.
Sr Picture Name From To
01- General Sir Frank Messervy August February
15, 1947 10, 1948

02- General Sir Douglas Gracey February January

11, 1948 16, 1951

03- Field Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan January October

16, 1951 26, 1958

04- General Muhammad Musa Khan October June 17,

27, 1958 1966

05- General Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan June 18, December

1966 20, 1971

06- Lieutenant General Gul Hassan Khan December March 3,

20, 1971 1972

07- General Tikka Khan March 3, March 1,

1972 1976
08- General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq March 1, August
1976 17, 1988

09- General Mirza Aslam Beg August August

17, 1988 16, 1991

10- General Asif Nawaz Janjua August January 8,

16, 1991 1993

11- General Abdul Waheed Kakar January January

11, 1993 12, 1996

12- General Jehangir Karamat January October 6,

12, 1996 1998

13- General Pervez Musharraf October 6, November

1998 28, 2007

14- General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani November 29

29, 2007 November

15- General Raheel Sharif 29 Present


Federal Cabinet OF PAKISTAN

Federal Ministers

Name Department
Ishaq Dar Finance , Revenue , Economics Affairs and Statistic
, Privatization
Chaudhary Nisar Ali Khan Interior , Narcotics Control
Khawja Muhammad Asif Water and Power , Defence
Zahid Hamid Science and Technology
Shahid Khaqan Abbasi Petroleum & Natural Resources
Sikandar Hayyat Bosan National Food Security and Research
Ch. Muhammad Barjees Tahir Kashmir Affairs and Gilgit-Baltistan
Sardar Muahmmad Yousuf Religious Affairs and Inter-faith Harmony
Khawja Saad Rafiq Railways
Lt Gen (R) Abdul Qadir Baloch States and Frontier Regions
Pir Sadaruddin Shah Rashdi Overseas Pakistanis ,Human Resources
Kamran Micheal Ports and Shipping
Pervez Rashid Information and Broadcasting ,National Heritage ,
Law, Justice and Human Rights
Rana Tanveer Hussain Defence Production
Ghulam Murtaza Jatoi Industries & Production
Ahsan Iqbal Planning and Development
Mian Riaz Hussain Pirzada Inter-Provincial Coordination
Muhammad Akram Khan Durrani
Abbas Khan Afridi
Khurram Dastagir Khan Commerce
Political Affairs
National Regulations and Services
Science and Information Technology
Postal Services
Capital Administration and Development
Climate Change
Benazir Income Support Programme
Housing and Works
Professional and Technical Training
Minorities , National Harmony
Parliamentary Affairs

Minister of State
Name Department
Mian Balighur Rehman Education ,Trainings and
Standards in Higher Education
Usman Ibrahim Housing and Works
Maulana Abdul Ghafoor
Jam Kamal Khan Petroleum & Natural Resources
Sheikh Aftab Ahmad Parliamentary Affairs
Abdul Hakeem Baloch Railways
Saira Afzal Tarar Health Science Regulation and
Anoshe Rehman Ahmad Information Technology and
Pir Aminul Hasnat Shah Religious Affairs & Inter-faith
Chaudhary Abid Sher Ali Water and Power

Advisors To Prime Minister

Name Department
Sartaj Aziz National Security and Foreign Affairs
Engineer Ameer Muqam
Ameer Bux Bhutto
Special Assistant To Prime Minister
Name Department
Tariq Fatmi Foreign Affairsv
Doctor Musadik Malik Water & Power
Miftah Ismail
Khawaja Zaheer Ahmad
Imtiaz Ahmad Shaikh
Irfan Siddiqui National Affairs
Capton (R) Shujaat Azim Aviation

Related Interests