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FACULTAD : DERECHO Y CIENCIAS POLÍTICS

ESCUELA : DERECHO.

CICLO : III

TURNO : TARDE

CURSO : INGLÉ S I

TEMA : PARTS OF SCIENTIFIC ARTICLE

DOCENTE : LEÓN PEREYRA, NANCY

INTEGRANTES : PACHERRES DE LOS SANTOS, CLEVER


GABINO SERRANO, LUIS.
SILVA CORONEL, RONALD
VARGAS MEJIA, PAUL

CHIMBOTE- PERU
2019- I
ELABORATION OF A SCIENTIFIC ARTICLE OF RESEARCH

RESEARCH SCIENTIFIC ARTICLE: KNOW HOW

ABSTRACT

This article introduces ways of writing correctly an article as a research report. It


includes every step that has to be taken into account for its approval. The authors
provide suggestions of the report writing going from the title to the references, both, in a
comprehensive and scientific language. It emphasizes on how the results must be
presented for a better understanding of the scientific community.

Keywords: Scientific article, production, research

INTRODUCTION

The aim of this article is to guide those who start in scientific writing, step by step in
their stages, highlighting the most relevant aspects.

The final stage of an investigation is to communicate the results, so that they allow the
integration of knowledge to professional practice, that is, it is based on the findings of
scientific studies that should have validity, importance, novelty and utility for
professional work.

There are mainly two contexts to which they can be presented:

a) Academic context

b) Non academic context

In the first case, the results are presented to a group of teacher researchers, students
of a higher education institution, readers with high educational levels or members of a
research agency or with a similar profile.

I. Introduction
II. Methodology
III. Results
IV. Discussion and conclusion
V. Bibliography

OF THE AUTHORS

Highlight if the authorship is multiple or individual, justified, responsible; the names


must be complete and without initials. It is necessary to set aside work institutions,
without including academic degrees or hierarchical positions, in addition to the postal or
electronic address of the researcher in charge of the correspondence.
FROM THE SUMMARY

This brief content should make it possible to identify the basic aspect of the report
quickly and accurately, easily understood, containing the objective or hypothesis in the
first paragraph. The methodology is present in the second paragraph, there the design
is clearly described. In the third paragraph, the main results should be presented and,
in the fourth, the conclusions. The extension of the summary should not go beyond 250
words.

It is also suggested that the results be with numerical values, either in numbers, rates,
percentages or proportions; do not use abbreviations or acronyms. The text should not
include tables, graphs or figures. In summary, it must be self-explanatory.

INTRODUCTION

This clearly presents the what and why of the research, including the approach of the
problem, objective and questions of the research, as well as the justification of the
problem, the general research context, how and where it was carried out, the variables
of the research and its definitions, as well as the limitations of it. The frame of reference
or review of the literature can be included.

The general theme is presented promptly, and then move on to the research problem,
which is the specific phenomenon of interest that must be current, amenable to
observation and measurement, that is, feasible to investigate. The references cited in
the text should be well documented and updated.

METHODOLOGY:

a) Design:

In this chapter it is important that the design has been appropriate for the study
purpose. This must be described sufficiently, characterizing the dimension of the
Investigator's intervention, that is, how he manipulated the independent variables
according to the objectives that were set. It must also explain the temporal dimension,
such as the time and number of times that were necessary for the collection of
information.

Finally, it is convenient to remember that the design guarantees a sufficient degree of


con- trol, since it thus contributes to the internal validity of the study.

b) Population and sample:

The segment of the total population that was worked with (target population) must be
clearly identified and described, then the population accessible to the study and explain
whether a random probalistic sampling or non-probalistic sampling was used.

If the non-randomized procedure was used in the sampling, convenience, quota or


intentional sampling should be explained, that is, the sample size is reported in light of
the objective of the study, the design, the sampling method and the statistical analysis
of the data.

.
c) Ethical considerations:

It should be described how the informed consent and the constancy of the review of the
research were obtained by a board or ethics committee of the sponsoring institution,
describing the potential risks of the subjects participating in the study, if warranted.

The constancy of the anonymity and confidentiality of the study participants is


fundamental. In addition, the postal or electronic address of a member of the research
team must be stipulated in order to answer a question regarding informed consent.

RESULTS

It is the most important part of the report, it does not contain comments, judgments or
justifications.

The results must be presented in the order in which the objectives were set, from the
most important to the least significant. In the presentation, the text acquires more
importance than the graphs and tables, it must be clear, concise, precise and with a
logical sequence.

a) Collection of data:

Mention the fundamental reason for the choice of the instrument used, describing its
validity and reliability.
The steps in the data collection procedure should be clearly described.

b) Analysis of the data:

It must reflect that the statistical procedures used were the correct ones for the level of
measurement of the data and that they are analyzed in relation to the study objectives.

If the latter has hypotheses, the approval or rejection of it must be clearly stipulated.
The statistical analysis must consider the level of measurement for each of the
variables: nominal, ordinal or interval.

If the research included study and control groups, they should be compared, indicating
precisely the duration of the study (follow-up) for both. It should be considered if the
data were analyzed by qualitative, quantitative or both techniques and indicate the
steps that were followed to validate the results.

c) Presentation of the data

It should focus on the pertinent findings and answering the research question and / or
the hypothesis test. The data must be presented in a specific way, without comments
or arguments. The text commands the presentation in a clear, precise and concise
manner.

The results are presented in an orderly manner following the order of the objectives /
hypotheses. They start with the most important findings, leaving the negative
associations for the end of the section, considering the relative risk and the confidence
interval.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS

The style of the discussion must be argumentative, making judicious use of the
controversy and debate on the part of the author, to convince the reader that the
results have internal and external validity. This contrasts with the descriptive and
narrative style of the introduction, material and method and result.

The conclusions must be presented clearly in response to the question that originated
the study and the objectives proposed, therefore there must be as many conclusions
as there are objectives. It is important to make clear the limitations that the study
presented and the way in which the conclusions might affect.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

It is fundamental to have the appropriate references; in this sense, the descriptors of


the title of the article must coincide with the descriptors of the references; These must
be updated and correspond to 50% of the last 5 years, the rest can be no more than 5
years before and, by exception, references of "classic" publications of more years are
accepted.

Each magazine has particular requirements, but in general references should include:
author, title, place of publication, publisher and year, in the case of a book; author, title,
name of journal, volume and pages, in case of journal.

 Redactar predicciones en ingles en ingles utilizando el verbo TO BE,


tiempo presente y adjetivos – utiliza la coma numerativa y explica sus
reglas de uso.

TIEMPO PRESENTE:

 I am going to watch Argentina's match tonight. (voy a ver el partido de


Argentina esta noche).

 she is going to the hospital in the afternoon. (ella va a ir al hospital en la tarde).

 They are going to the concert. (ellos van a ir al concierto).

 He is going to travel to Lima this week. (el va a viajar esta semana a Lima).

 She will go to the market on Sunday. (ella va a ir al mercado el domingo).

 He goes swimming with his friends in the pool. (el va a nadar con sus amigos
en la piscina).

ADJECTIVES:

 The horror movie is very scary.

 The next few days will be very cold.


LA COMA NUMERATIVA Y EXPLICA SUS REGLAS DE USO:

 They will travel in a truck, black, new

 Tomorrow I will train with Daniela, José, Fiorela, Abraham on the beach.

USE OF THE COMMA

1. Comma is used to separate grammatically equivalent members within a single


statement, an exception to the cases in which some of the conjunctions are
found, and, e, i, o, u.

Example:

The whole family went there: grandparents, parents, children, brothers-in-law,


etc.

2. The comma usually indicates a pause in a text and an ascending intonation.

It is written attached to the word or to the sign that precedes it and separated by
a space of the word or the sign that follows it.

Although there are commas that depend on the taste of the person writing, that
is, who can wear them or not, there are commas that must be used and others
that should not be used because they are incorrect.

Example:

When Maria, Juan's cousin, arrived, they all left.


BLIOGRAPHY:

 http://www.uamenlinea.uam.mx/materiales/lengua/puntuacion/html/coma.
htm

 http://blog.tsedi.com/la-coma-usos-obligatorios-optativos-e-incorrectos/