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Activity 6
Nature of Roots of Quadratic Equations

I. Write TRUE if the statement is correct. If not, change the underlined word(s) to make the statement true.
1. If the discriminant is greater than zero, then the roots are real numbers.
2. If the discriminant is less than zero but is a perfect square number, then the equation has two unequal
rational roots.
3. In the equation 𝑥 2 − 14𝑥 + 49 = 0, the discriminant is equal to zero.
4. There are two unequal irrational roots in the equation 4𝑥 2 − 20𝑥 + 25 = 0.
5. There are no real roots in the equation 𝑥 2 = 22𝑥 − 121.

II. Match each equation on the left with the corresponding sum or product of its roots on the right. Write the
letter on the blank before each number.
5
_____ 6.𝑥 2 − 9𝑥 = 10 a. 𝑟1 𝑟2 = −
2

_____ 7. 2𝑥 2 − 5𝑥 + 2 = 0 b. 𝑟1 𝑟2 = 15

_____ 8. 2𝑥 2 = 5 c. 𝑟1 + 𝑟2 = −2

1
_____ 9. 𝑥 2 + 𝑥 − 3 = 0 d. 𝑟1 + 𝑟2 = 9
4

_____ 10.(𝑥 − 3)(𝑥 + 5) = 0 e. 𝑟1 𝑟2 = 1

f. 𝑟1 𝑟2 = −12

III. Match each equation on the left with its corresponding roots on the right. Write the letter on the blank before
each number.
3 1
_____ 11.𝑥 2 + 4𝑥 = 5 a. { , }
4 2

1 1
_____ 12. 3𝑥 2 + 2𝑥 − 5 = 0 b. {− , − }
2 3

5
_____ 13. 6𝑥 2 + 5𝑥 + 1 = 0 c. { , 2}
3

_____ 14. 8𝑥 2 + 3 = 10𝑥 d. {−5,1}

5
_____ 15.3𝑥 2 − 11𝑥 + 10 = 0 e. {− , 2}
3
5
f. {− 3 , 1}

IV. Solve the following problems.

1. The hypotenuse of a right triangle is 6 units more than the shorter leg. The longer leg is 3 units more than
the shorter leg. Find the length of the shorter leg.
2. The length of a rectangle is 10 cm greater than its width. If the area of the rectangle is 1 824 cm 2, what
are the dimensions of the rectangle?