Mechanics Relativity Physics second semester BSc question paper

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Mechanics Relativity Physics second semester BSc question paper

© All Rights Reserved

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Reg. No.....

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SECOND SEMESTER B.Sc. DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2oL5

(CUCBCSS-UG)

t.c

Complementary Course

Physics

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PH2 COz_MECHANICS, RELATIVITY, WAVES AND OSCILLATIONS

Time : Three Hours

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Maximum : B0 Marks

Section A

g

Answer all questions.

1. blo

Each question carries I mark.

Any frame of reference moving relative to an identical frame with constant velocitv will be

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3'Multistagerocketsareusedinpracticeto-.

4. Give the expression for the relativistic equivalence of mass and energy.

era

6. By which theorern can you explain the different quality of sound produced by different musical

i.nstruments ?

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B. The speed of a comet is highest at its Aphelion.

9. An electron microscope can magnif! objects by 10X.

ys

(10x1=10marks)

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Section B

Answer all questions.

Each question carries 2 marhs.

w.

11. Does a flyrng projectile experience deviations due to Coriolis force ? Explain.

12" Distinguish between internal and external forces.

13. How does a rocket work ?

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14.. Give /ruo important kinematical features which are derive,l from the special theory

of relativity.

Turn over

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15. Explain profer time interval'

16. Sftat is logarithmic decrement ?

17. Distinguish between elastic and inelastic collisions.

t.c

18. what is intenSity of a wave. Give the inverse square larv.

19. Explain probabilitY densitY.

2A. What is an operator ? Give example'

o

(7x2=14marks)

sp

Seetion C

Answer any flve question,s, Each' question carries 4 marks'

g

21. Explain non inertial frames and factious forces'

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22. What is a central force ? Show that the central forces are conservative.

Zg. State the law of conservation of angular momentum. Explain one application'

24. How does mass change with velocity ? Show that'c' is the ultimate speed of the particles.

25. prove that for a harmonic oscillator the average PE and average KE are equal'

la.

26. State Fourier,s theorem. \ilhat are its conditions of applicability ? Analyze a saw tooth curve.

27. What are eigen values and eigen functions ? Illustrate with examples'

era

(5x4=20marks

Section D

Answer any fo:ut questions. Each question camies 4 marks'

k

ZB. prove that the total angular momenturn of an isolated system of particles is conserved.

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Zg. pi:cve that in a perfectiy elastic collision the total final KEn of the colliding particles is equal to

their inertial I(E'

80. l\ihat will be the apparent length of a rneter stick rneasured by an observer at rest, when the stick

ys

a1. The average lifetime of a neutron as a free particle at rest is 15 minutes. trt disintegrates

spontaleously into an electron, proton and neutrino. Vy'hat is the average rninimum velocity with

ph

x,hich - a neutrcn rnust leave the sun to reach the earth before breaking t.29 ? Distance between

earth sun = 11 x 107 km.

gZ. A plane wave of frequency 256tlz and amplitude 0.001 mm is produced in air. Calculate the

w.

energ"y density and energy current, given velocity of sound in air = 332 m/s and density of

air = !.29 kgl-s.

gA. A rnass of 1.6 kg extends a spring

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b.y 8 cm

a body of mass 50 gm. Find the period of *scillation if the mass is pulled and reieased ?

g4. Obtain the time dependent Schrridinger equation in three dimensions.

6x4=16rnarks)

3 c 83003

Section E

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Answer any t:wo qwestirsns.

Each questi.on calies L0 marks.

35" Prove that the linear rnomentum of a systern *f particles in centre of mass frame is zero.

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36. State the postulates of the special theory of relativity and hence derive the Lorentz transformation

equations.

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37. Write notes on :

(a) Electron microscope

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;

38. Prove that the pressure variations in a medium due to a souncl rvave is P = -- E dyldx. Hence show

g

that the velocity of longitudinal waves in a gas depends on elasticity and density of the mediurn.

blo

la. (2 x 10 = 20 marks)

k era

ics

ys

ph

w.

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