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c 83003 (Pages : 3) Name

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SECOND SEMESTER B.Sc. DEGREE EXAMINATION, MAY 2oL5
(CUCBCSS-UG)

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Complementary Course
Physics

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PH2 COz_MECHANICS, RELATIVITY, WAVES AND OSCILLATIONS
Time : Three Hours

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Maximum : B0 Marks

Section A

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Each question carries I mark.
Any frame of reference moving relative to an identical frame with constant velocitv will be

2. TWo colliding particle in CM frame approaches as well as separate with _-_-.

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3'Multistagerocketsareusedinpracticeto-.
4. Give the expression for the relativistic equivalence of mass and energy.
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5. What happens to amplitude as time increases during damping ?

6. By which theorern can you explain the different quality of sound produced by different musical
i.nstruments ?
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State whether the following statements are True / False :-

B. The speed of a comet is highest at its Aphelion.
9. An electron microscope can magnif! objects by 10X.
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10. A collision is said to be elastic if the kinetic energ-y is conserved.

(10x1=10marks)
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Section B
Each question carries 2 marhs.
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11. Does a flyrng projectile experience deviations due to Coriolis force ? Explain.
12" Distinguish between internal and external forces.
13. How does a rocket work ?
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14.. Give /ruo important kinematical features which are derive,l from the special theory
of relativity.

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15. Explain profer time interval'
16. Sftat is logarithmic decrement ?
17. Distinguish between elastic and inelastic collisions.

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18. what is intenSity of a wave. Give the inverse square larv.
19. Explain probabilitY densitY.
2A. What is an operator ? Give example'

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(7x2=14marks)

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Seetion C
Answer any flve question,s, Each' question carries 4 marks'

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21. Explain non inertial frames and factious forces'

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22. What is a central force ? Show that the central forces are conservative.
Zg. State the law of conservation of angular momentum. Explain one application'
24. How does mass change with velocity ? Show that'c' is the ultimate speed of the particles.
25. prove that for a harmonic oscillator the average PE and average KE are equal'
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26. State Fourier,s theorem. \ilhat are its conditions of applicability ? Analyze a saw tooth curve.
27. What are eigen values and eigen functions ? Illustrate with examples'
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(5x4=20marks
Section D
Answer any fo:ut questions. Each question camies 4 marks'
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ZB. prove that the total angular momenturn of an isolated system of particles is conserved.
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Zg. pi:cve that in a perfectiy elastic collision the total final KEn of the colliding particles is equal to
their inertial I(E'
80. l\ihat will be the apparent length of a rneter stick rneasured by an observer at rest, when the stick
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is rnoving with a velocity of 0.851C.

a1. The average lifetime of a neutron as a free particle at rest is 15 minutes. trt disintegrates
spontaleously into an electron, proton and neutrino. Vy'hat is the average rninimum velocity with
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x,hich - a neutrcn rnust leave the sun to reach the earth before breaking t.29 ? Distance between
earth sun = 11 x 107 km.
gZ. A plane wave of frequency 256tlz and amplitude 0.001 mm is produced in air. Calculate the
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energ"y density and energy current, given velocity of sound in air = 332 m/s and density of
air = !.29 kgl-s.
gA. A rnass of 1.6 kg extends a spring
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frorn its unstretched position. The mass is repiaced by

b.y 8 cm
a body of mass 50 gm. Find the period of *scillation if the mass is pulled and reieased ?
g4. Obtain the time dependent Schrridinger equation in three dimensions.
6x4=16rnarks)
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Section E

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Answer any t:wo qwestirsns.
Each questi.on calies L0 marks.

35" Prove that the linear rnomentum of a systern *f particles in centre of mass frame is zero.

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36. State the postulates of the special theory of relativity and hence derive the Lorentz transformation
equations.

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37. Write notes on :
(a) Electron microscope

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(b) Scanning tunneling microscope'

38. Prove that the pressure variations in a medium due to a souncl rvave is P = -- E dyldx. Hence show

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that the velocity of longitudinal waves in a gas depends on elasticity and density of the mediurn.

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la. (2 x 10 = 20 marks)
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