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Lecture-5

Logistic Regression
Binomial Regression
Polynomial Regression

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MULTIPLE REGRESSION
• Y = b0 + b1V1 + b2V2 + b3V3 + e
• Y = Dependent variable bo = Constant or intercept
• V1 = first Independent variable e = error term or residual or noise
• V2 = Second Independent variable V3 = Third Independent variable

• Employee performance Y (Dependent Variable) =


b0 (constant) + b1(Training) + b2(Job Design) + b3(Control) + e
(error term or residuals)

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ASSUMPTIONS
1. Normality (Histogram)
2. Outliers (Graph-Boxplots-simple-summaries of separate
variables)
3. Sample Size (KMO Bartlett’s test) (Scatter plot)
4. Linearity in parameters (PP Plot Line Graph)
5. No perfect multicolinearity-No Autocorrelation (Regression-VIF- if
greater than 5 then multicolinearity issue) (Durbin Watson for
Autocorrelation)
6. Homoscedasticity of residuals or equal variance or homogeneity
of variance (linear regression-plots-Y=dependent-X=Zresid &
okay)

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CORRELATION

• Shows positive ** correlation with dependent variables


• More than .3 shows good correlation
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COEFFICIENT

• T values are more than 2 it means all r significant. P values are less than .05 which
shows significant impact of IV on DV.
• The above table shows that 1 percent increase in staff controlling will increase
employee performance by 19.8%
• 1 percent change is staff training will increase the employee performance by 28.4.
• 1 percent increase in job design will increase employee performance by 27.7
percent.
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Full Model-Staff compensation is
insignificant

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Stepwise Regression

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STEPWISE

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Lecture 5
Moderating & Mediating Variables
• Moderating: has a strong • Intervening or Mediating:
effect on the relationship of IV that surfaces between the
& DV
time the IV start to influence
The presence of a third variable
DV and the time their impact
(the moderating variable)
modifies the original
is felt on it. e.g. impact of
relationship between the IV & spending on Education,
DVs. • Spending Education
• Spending Education
Income
Income

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Adding Gender

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Adding Age & Income

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Adding all Demographic Variables

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Nabeel Mustafa-RTA-Iqra University
BINOMIAL REGRESSION, Binary Logistic
• Where dependent variable (y) is categorical variable but X
variables are non categorical.
• Where data of dependent variable in two categories then
binomial if more than 2 then polynomial regression
• For Example Male employees or Female employees two
categories, Or departments (more than 2 categories)
• Y = b0 + b1V1 + b2V2 + b3V3 + e
• Y = Dependent variable (Must have only two categories)
• bo = Constant or intercept
• V1 = first Independent variable (Non categorical)
• V2 = Second Independent variable non cat
• V3 = Third Independent variable non cat
• Nabeel Mustafa-RTA-Iqra University
e = error term or residual or noise
SPSS
• ANALYSE-Regression-Binary Logistic Regression-
Categorical-change-Categories-

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Model is Significant

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R Square

• Only 5.6 percent of model is explained by IV


• 7.9% of variance is explained by IV
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Hosmer & Lemeshow test

• Significant if more than .05


• Opposite to normal significance
• Because null hypothesis is significance is more than .05

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Percentage of correction of model

• This model is 71% correct model

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Beta Values & Significance

• Department, 1,2,3 and staff control is also insignificant


impact

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MultiNomial Logistic Regression
• Where dependent variable (y) is categorical (more than 2
categories) variable but X variables are non categorical.
• departments
• Y = b0 + b1V1 + b2V2 + b3V3 + e
• Y = Dependent variable (Must hvae more than two categories)
• bo = Constant or intercept
• V1 = first Independent variable (Non categorical)
• V2 = Second Independent variable non cat
• V3 = Third Independent variable non cat
• e = error term or residual or noise

• SPSS-Analyse-Regression-Multinomial logistic regression


• Dependent department-Scale in University
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• Percentage in each department

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Model Fit Information

• R Square is quite low and not significant

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• Mostly r not significant in each department
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THANK YOU 

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