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- Storage Tank Calculation
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Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager REV. : 0

Job Name : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities Location : Port Said

Service : Crude Oil Storage Tank Client : PETROBEL

Capacity : 5000 M3 Item : TK-01A

9.1. Overturning Moment due to Seismic forces applied to bottom of tank shell,

M = Z I (C1 Ws Xs + C1 Wr Ht + C1 W1 X1 + C2 W2 X2) 10488643 Ft-lb Kg-M

where,

Z = Seismic force factor, depends on seismic zone [Table E-2] 0.15

Seismic zone of site 2A

I = Importance factor 1

C2 = Lateral earthquake force coefficient [Para. E.3.3.3]

= 0.75 S / T when T <= 4.5 0.203019

= 3.375 S / T2 when T > 4.5 0.164867

T = Natural period of the 1st sloshing mode = k (D0.5) 5.541355 Sec.

k = Factor depends on ratio D/H [Figure E-4] 0.625

D = Nominal tank dia. 78.60892 Ft 23.96 M

H = Max. design liquid level 40.28858 Ft 12.28 M

Ratio D/H 1.951147

Since T > 4.5 seconds, Use C2 0.164867

Xs = Height from bottom of tank shell to shell's center of gravity 15.6939 Ft 4.7835 M

Wr = Total weight of tank roof (fixed or floating) + portion of the 106077.9 lb 48.1162 Ton

snow load, if any, specified by the purchaser

Ht = Total height of tank shell 40.28858 Ft 12.28 M

in unison with tank shell [Para. E.3.2.1 & Figure E-2]

D/H 1.951147

- Find ratio W 1 / W T by knowing D/H [Figure E-2] 0.38

- Find ratio W 2 / W T by knowing D/H [Figure E-2] 0.52

W T = Total weight of tank contents = Tank volume x specific gr. 12206584 lb 5536.82 Ton

(specific gravity of the product to be specified by the purchaser)

3 3

Tank volume 5.99E+12 Ft 5536.82 M

W 1 = Ratio ( W 1 / W T ) . W T 4638502 lb Kg

W 2 = Ratio ( W 2 / W T ) . W T 6347424 lb Kg

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS

According to API 650 Code, Edition Sept. 2003 Page : 24 of 34

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager REV. : 0

Job Name : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities Location : Port Said

Service : Crude Oil Storage Tank Client : PETROBEL

Capacity : 5000 M3 Item : TK-01A

seismic force applied to W 1 [E.3.3.2 & Figure E-3]

X2 = Height from bottom of tank shell to the centroid of lateral Ft

seismic force applied to W 2 [E.3.3.2 & Figure E-3]

D/H 1.951147

- Find ratio X1 / H by knowing D/H [Figure E-3] 0.375

- Find ratio X2 / H by knowing D/H [Figure E-3] 0.56

X2 = Ratio ( X2 / H ) . H 22.5616 Ft 6.87678 M

may be provided by the weight of the tank shell and by the anchorage

of the tank shell,

or, for unanchored tanks, the weight of a portion of the tank contents

adjacent to the shell.

used to resist overturning depends on the width of the bottom

plate under the shell that lifts off the foundation and may be

determined as follows : wL = 7.9 tb ( Fby G H )0.5 lb/Ft

to resist the shell overturning moment,

wL1 = 7.9 tb ( Fby G H )0.5 5470.978 lb/Ft

wL2 = 1.25 G H D 3958.802 lb/Ft

Use wL = Min ( wL1 , wL2 ) 3958.802 lb/Ft

Fby = Min. specified yield strength of the bottom plate under the shell 30000 PSI

G = Design specific gravity of the liquid to be stored 1

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS

According to API 650 Code, Edition Sept. 2003 Page : 25 of 34

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager REV. : 0

Job Name : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities Location : Port Said

Service : Crude Oil Storage Tank Client : PETROBEL

Capacity : 5000 M3 Item : TK-01A

9.3.a. Unanchored Tanks [Para. E.5.1]

Value of M / [ D2 (wt + wL)]

where,

b = max. longitudinal compressive force at the bottom of the shell lb/Ft

(lb/Ft of shell circumference)

wt = weight of tank shell and the portion of the fixed roof 731.9506 lb/Ft

supported by the shell (lb/Ft of shell circumference) = wt / 3.14 D

b = wt + 1.273 M / D2 2892.698 lb/Ft

b may be computed from the value of (b + wL )/ (wt + wL )

obtained from Figure E-5.

Value obtained from Figure E-5 2

b = ( wt + wL ) . Value from Figure E-5 - wL 5422.703 lb/Ft

2

III. When 1.5 < M / [ D (wt + wL )] <= 1.57 0.361854

1490

. (w t + wL )

b= 0 .5

− wL 6415.053 lb/Ft

0.637 M

1 − 2

D (w t + w L )

or when b / 12 t > Fa

Value b / 12 t 478.3498 PSI < Fa

Value Fa 6410.684 PSI OK

It is necessary to take one of the following measures :

a. Increase the thickness of the bottom plate under the shell,

tb, to increase wL without exceeding the limitations of

E.4.1 and E.4.2.

b. Increase the shell thickness, t (see Item 9.5 for shell courses).

c. Change the proportions of the tank to increase the dia.

and reduce the height.

d. Anchor the tank in accordance with E.6.

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS

According to API 650 Code, Edition Sept. 2003 Page : 26 of 34

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager REV. : 0

Job Name : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities Location : Port Said

Service : Crude Oil Storage Tank Client : PETROBEL

Capacity : 5000 M3 Item : TK-01A

2

the bottom of shell, b = wt + 1.273 M / D 2892.698 lb/Ft

shall not exceed the max. allowable stress, Fa determined by

the following formulas for Fa, which take into account the effect

of internal pressure due to the liquid contents.

2 2 6 6

- When G H D / t >= 10 , Fa = 10 t / D 6410.684 PSI

2 2 6 6 0.5

- When G H D / t < 10 , Fa = 10 t / 2.5 D + 600 (G H ) 6372.671 PSI

However, Fa shall not be greater than 0.5 Fty

0.5 Fty 15000 PSI OK

where, t = thickness of the bottom shell course, excl. any corr. allow. 0.503937 INCH

Fa = Max. allowable longit. compressive stress in the shell 6410.684 PSI

Fty = Min. specified yield strength of the bottom shell course 30000 PSI

If the thickness of the lower shell course calculated to resist the

seismic overturning moment is greater than the thickness required

for hydrostatic pressure, both excluding any corrosion allowance,

then the calculated thickness of each upper shell course for

hydrostatic pressure shall be increased in the same proportion,

unless a special analysis is made to determine the seismic overturning

moment and corresponding stresses at the bottom of each upper

shell course.

When anchorage is provided, it shall be designed to provide the

following min. anchorage resistance in lb/Ft of shell circumference :

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS

According to API 650 Code, Edition Sept. 2003 Page : 27 of 34

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager REV. : 0

Job Name : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities Location : Port Said

Service : Crude Oil Storage Tank Client : PETROBEL

Capacity : 5000 M3 0 Item : TK-01A

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS

According to API 650 Code, Edition Sept. 2003 Page : 28 of 34

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager REV. : 0

Job Name : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities Location : Port Said

Service : Crude Oil Storage Tank Client : PETROBEL

Capacity : 5000 M3 Item : TK-01A

Mw1 = P (Ar Xr + As Xs) 549994.2 lb-ft 76089.4 Kg-M

2

Where, P = Wind pressure PSI 50 Kg/M

Ar = Projected area over roof = 0.5 Do (Ht - H) INCH2 8.994 M2

of roof = H + 0.3 (Ht - H)

As = Projected area of shell = Do H INCH2 294.621 M

2

= (H1+H2)/2 + (H2+H3)/2 + x

where x (see next page) -0.0165 M

Do = D + 2 t1 23.992 M

( Up- lift for wind ) = 4 Mw / 3.14 D2 113.3247 lb/ft 168.757 Kg/M

where W = weight of tank exc. weight of floating roof & bottom 157.962 Ton

Since Up-lift (128 Kg/M) < Dead load (2838 Kg/M) Not necessary of Anchor Bolts.

11.1. Wind Load, Pw = 0.7 x P x Do x H lb 10311.7 Kg

Where, P = Wind Pressure 50 Kg/M2

Do = Tank diameter 23.992 M

H = Tank Height 12.28 M

Wt = Total Tank Weight (excluding corrosion allowance) 151746 Kg

Wt' = Tank Weight except Bottom Plate (excl. corr. allow.) 126369 Kg

Overturning moment, Mw = Max. (Mw1 , Mw2) 549994.2 lb-ft 76089.4 Kg-M

Since Mw < Rw Anchor Bolts are not required.

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS

According to API 650 Code, Edition Sept. 2003 Page : 29 of 34

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager REV. : 0

Job Name : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities Location : Port Said

Service : Crude Oil Storage Tank Client : PETROBEL

Capacity : 5000 M3 Item : TK-01A

To find tank shell's CG : Take Moment about CG :

= W4 [(H3+H4)/2 - x]

+ W5 [(H3+H4)/2 - x + (H4+H5)/2]

+ W6 [(H3+H4)/2 - x + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2]

+ W7 [(H3+H4)/2 - x + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2]

+ W8 [(H3+H4)/2 - x + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2 + (H7+H8)/2]

= W4 [(H3+H4)/2] - W4 x

+ W5 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2] - W5 x

+ W6 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2] - W6 x

+ W7 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2] - W7 x

+ W8 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2 + (H7+H8)/2] - W8 x

= W4 [(H3+H4)/2]

+ W5 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2]

+ W6 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2] Figure (13)

+ W7 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2]

+ W8 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2 + (H7+H8)/2]

- x (W4 + W5 + W6 + W7 + W8)

+ W1 [(H1+H2)/2 + (H2+H3)/2]

+ W2 [(H2+H3)/2]

= W4 [(H3+H4)/2]

+ W5 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2]

+ W6 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2]

+ W7 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2]

+ W8 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2 + (H7+H8)/2]

+ W5 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2]

+ W6 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2]

+ W7 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2]

+ W8 [(H3+H4)/2 + (H4+H5)/2 + (H5+H6)/2 + (H6+H7)/2 + (H7+H8)/2]

- W1 [(H1+H2)/2 + (H2+H3)/2]

- W2 [(H2+H3)/2]]

/ (W1+W2+W3+W4+W5+W6+W7+W8)

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS

According to API 650 Code, Edition Sept. 2003 Page : 30 of 34

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager REV. : 0

Job Name : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities Location : Port Said

Service : Crude Oil Storage Tank Client : PETROBEL

Capacity : 5000 M3 Item : TK-01A

11.4. Sliding.

Sliding force by wind, Ps = 0.7 x P x D x H lb 10311.7 Kg

Since Ps < Rs Anchor bolts are not required.

Number of anchor bolts, n 12

Size of anchor bolts (UNC) 0.75 INCH MM

Anchor bolt sectional area, A 2.36 CM2

Allowable load (for 3/4" bolt) :

- Tensile, fat 4299.009 lb 1950 Kg

- Shearing, fas 2976.237 lb 1350 Kg

Tensile load per each bolt, ft = (4 Mw / n D) - Wt' / n -9845.45 Kg/Bolt

Since ft < fat The anchor bolt is sufficient

Since fs < fas The anchor bolt is sufficient

Inspection hatches shall be located on tank fixed roof to permit

visual inspection of the seal region.

- Max. spacing of inspection hatches per code 75 Ft 22.86 M

- Min. spacing of inspection hatches per code 4 Ft 1.2192 M

Calculated No. of inspection hatches = 3.14(D-6)/75 3.041435

Actual spacing of inspection hatches 38.01794 Ft 11.5879 M

< 75 Ft OK

> 4 Ft OK

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS

According to API 650 Code, Edition Sept. 2003 Page : 31 of 34

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager REV. : 0

Job Name : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities Location : Port Said

Service : Crude Oil Storage Tank Client : PETROBEL

Capacity : 5000 M3 Item : TK-01A

a. Weight of Shell

1st Course, W1 = 3.14 D t H p 22.6902 Ton

2nd Course, W2 19.8539 Ton

3rd Course, W3 15.5995 Ton

4th Course, W4 12.7632 Ton

5th Course, W5 9.92695 Ton

6th Course, W6 1.15797 Ton

7th Course, W7 0 Ton

8th Course, W8 0 Ton

Sub-Total (a) 180760.5 lb 81.9917 Ton

L1 = 2 R1 Sin (O/2) 1.82917 M

h1 = L1 / 2 R1 Tan (O/2) 11.3291 M

Total Bottom plate Area, A = 0.5 L1 . h1 . n 404.096 M2

Total bottom Plate Weight, W = A. ta . p Sub-Total (b) 69933.98 lb 31.7216 Ton

Figure (14)

Roof conical area = 3.14 * (D/2) * sq. root ((D/2)2 + h2)

2

451.765 M

'where, h = Ht - H = Cone height = Rafter Slope * Do/2 0.74975 M

Rafter slope = 1/16 [see Figure (2)] 01:30

DESIGN CALCULATIONS OF STORAGE TANKS

According to API 650 Code, Edition Sept. 2003 Page : 32 of 34

Designed by : Eng. Abdel Halim Galala, Design General Manager REV. : 0

Job Name : El-Gamil Plant Storage Facilities Location : Port Said

Service : Crude Oil Storage Tank Client : PETROBEL

Capacity : 5000 M3 Item : TK-01A

Total length of rafters (H beam 250x125x6/9) 467.22 M

Weight of one meter of beam 28.5897 Kg

Circumferential length of 2 angles 6x4x3/8" (160x100x10mm) 150.545 M

Weight of one meter of angle 20.41 Kg

Total area of top wind girder, A 60.7712 M2

Weight of top wind girder, W = A * P * t 3.02929 Ton

Wind Girder ID M

Wind Girder OD M

No. of brackets per level = 3.14 D / 4000 20 Support

Total brackets for two levels of cooling system + level for foam 84 Support

Bracket dimensions 400x850x100x8 600x850x8

Weight of one bracket 39.564 Kg

No. of inspection hatches, Nih 6

Weight of nozzle

Weight of flange (or loose cover)

At least one manhole, min 24" ID shall be provided for access to

the tank interior. [API-650, Appendix H.6.5.1]

No. of manholes located at fixed roof, 24" NPS 2

Weight of nozzle

Weight of flange

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