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Congressman Brian Bilbray 2348 Rayburn House Office Building P'hone: 202 .. 225.05,08

Fax: 20'2.225.2558

To:,

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Comments:

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TRANSMrrTAL

JuneS, 2009

To:

From:

The Honcrable Brian P. BUbl'ay Attention: Jeffrty Post ConStiiucnt- William Loll i

Jeny W. Mansfield ~"fl\._ Infonnation Research Specialist lCnc-.,.vledge Services C'JfOUP

Tel: 7-0106

Subject:

QuaJificatiOAI o!Baradr. Obama to Be re ideot of the United Slat.t

Per your <constituent request, we ar-e enclosing several articles that address conecms ahom tbe birth certificate ofPresidcnl Obaraa, his place of birth. and how questions surrmmding it were ultimately resolved, Also included are a lengthy piece prepatc.:d hytbc AnnL!l'\berg Public Polic), Center ofthe University of Penn y'vania. [hnp:llwww,f~[check.o:rg] and an article tb:at paints out that the Internet includes falsehooda and they tan live forever.

We hope you find this inf"nnation belpftd, P~easc contact me 1fl can hf: offortber assistaJt.oc.

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Offi~lats verifV birth certificate of Oballla

Star-BulloJin Staff, News S&lVicBS, Honolulu Star - Bulletin. Honolulu, H;;twali: NQ'I.' 1,2008.

Full Text (220 wards)

Copyright HanQ/ulu S'flU • Bulletin Nov 1. 2008

The state healthdirecfgt.s.aid yeiwrclay she Ilas poroonally seen and verified Sen. Samek Ohama's Original birth cettiftcate In an effort to addr&S9 nl,llT!l!!roulS reqlJoo1s for the dooumen I.

Obama, who Is runn.tng against Sen. John McCain fur prerakSerll, posted en tlt5 Web sito Ina birth ceJ1iflCilte sl'lowing Hoooluiu illS his birttlplace.

State law protUbita the release 01 a birth cerUfica1.e except to a person seell.ing ht~ or her !)INn certificate and the person's spou 8, parent and legal guardlaD..

But health officials have been receiving numerous e-mail and phone requests tor the documen1, according to JanH::B Okubo. Heath Department &~eswcman.

Health- D;redor CP1fyoma Fuk]nc Aid she and the vital. slatislics registr1lr viewed aM verified Obama's birth certmcate.

·No state ofticia1. indudlng Gov. Unda t. ngle. has everillstruo1ed It\at this vital record be handled In iii. manner different from any D1fier vital record In the possession of the S1ate of HawaII,' FukJ i'lC said.

c,ltics have que~ whether Ohama IS a U.S. ciUzerI and have filed lawsuits alOUnd the cO{.mtry challenging It, Thaw suits have been dIsmissed. indud'ng Qt1e In Ohto yes1erday.

In Hawan. Andy Martin, an Obama oppon.ent, flle-d a laW51Jlt earlierUlbl month seeJring a COP)! of the birlh cer1ffica,e. The Hawaii SUpreme Coort on Oct 22 denied his fequesi to see the document

Credit By SIar-BuUetin Sraft and News SeNices

Indaxlng (documenl detailS)

Author,_)! 5tar-8ullelin Staff, New, SeMces

Documrant typQ~ News

IIKtlan: ntfWS

PvbUca.lilan titltl: t-Ionolulu Star - BuIIe1ln. Hol\QIUlu. tiawail: ~ov 1.2008.

IS(fgN .. typ.: Newspaper

Proau ... t document ID: 581240071

Ted: Word Count 720

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EDITORIAL: Obama birth certificate gets a pass from the Supreme Court Anoo),mou$.McCt81chy ~ Tribuna BusIness N.wa. Washir\glon: Dec 9,2008.

Abatrac'l1'SUiJI.maI'y)

Leo C. Oonofrioaf New 8J'U!'I5wick, N.J., onglnaUy had asked Nina Mitchell Wella. the New Jersey secretary of .state, to postpone the Nov. 4 election on thegrounde that neither Mr. Obama; the Democratic ~"didate for president, nor his Republican opponent, Sen. John McCain of Arizona, was a ~natural~om· dl1zen of the Unj1Bd States. a.:; IilB critmia spulled oul In lhe U.S. Con-stiM:ion put it.

FlIo~l Telrt (480 WOI"d&)

rrJ Me mote 01 the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, or tosub!lcribtll to tlls nflwapaper; go to frttp:llwww.stltoday.com. Copyright (e) .wOo. St. l.oois Post-D/.Spatctt Distributed by McClarcIJy·Ttibuno 'nformation SelVices, Forreprlnts. email ImSll1pnnlsfjpermismoosgmup..CQfrI, c;aJ18IJO.37"~7985 or 84?-ti35..fi550, Bend a fax til 847-635--6968,.of Wille fe The Pstmfs.sjons Group Inc., 1247 MtJwauh'IJe Aw., Suitu 303, GJfHlvillw. #l60025. USA.

Dec. 9-iI: 'iIi'OIJkJ be nIce to thlnk that Suprem.e Court order No. D8A401 would Jay to rest the Internet-driven conspiracy Ulearies abou' the cilf!l.!ml!Ilanl;8s of 8arack Obama's blnn. Nlce, bulnat reab1ic.

In Order No. 08A407, Issued Monday mCfnlng, 1m! Cl)urt decided to not Ia.kl!! up the case of Donofrfo w. Wells, rejectfng it withou\ commen. 85.11 does with:aU but about 100 oJ the 7,000 pe1mons it considers e$h )lSsr. ThUS. the Electoral Co/fege Will be able to meet I'l&xt Monday as sc:hedllled 10 formaIly elect Mr. Oomma as presldetlt without wartlng (01 the coUr1 to is.sue an opInion about whether Mr-_ Obama 15 lEI Unite-II States cUizen.

In one 'Way, i\'s heartening: Oonotrlov. Wells means tl'lat no matter how wacky or sp-eclous a cfttaen's case ma~ 1ltiI, he has a righ1 to ask the hJghBs1co...n in the jand 1:0 hear it.

Irs even more heartfJnlng. however, 1na! 'the justices rejected lhe opportlJnil')l to heal lfRJ case. tt means thai gr~5 stU! are in charge, that law lrlll1'lPS emolion and !hai, despJt6 !he best efforts of the Ctedujou~ fringe, !he rest of us stili livs in tile reanty~ based world.

leo C. Donofrio of New arunsw~k. N.J., afrgtnaDv had asked NIna M tcheU Wells, !he New Jersey seaetary at state, to postpone ltle No v, 4 e;ecUof1 on the grounds that neither Mr. Ooarna, the Demacrdrlc candidate for prosiden1. nor his Republican opponent Sen. John McCain 0' Ari2t/I1a, was a ~natut81-bo-m· ciUz;en QfltJe United Stales, as the criteria spelled out ln tho U.S. Cpl'lstitutlon put il

Mr. Oba ma was. bom in Hawaii ill 196', and Mr. McCain was 00", fn. the Panama. Canal Zone. Mr, Donofrio claims thai because Mr. Obama'l5 faCher was a citizen of Kenya, ,a British colony in 19E11, Mr. Obama was "8 BritIsh cltizfln a1 birth."

Ms. We-Us declioed to ltop ·the filed on; the New Jemey Supreme Court upheld her' dOO$ion. On Monday, !he Supreme Court declined 10' take up Mr. Dflnofrio's rCllqueS( fQr a nay.

That sJ10uld settle thIngs, right? NIlI sa fast. Philip J. Berg of LafayElitl;! Hltl, Pa •. whose (aderat fraud sulr agafns1 Mr. Obama was Ihrown out of ooutt in Pennsylvania, has asJled the Supreme Court to hear hi' appeal. He claims the presldent-elad actua_lfy was bom In Kenya; thai he may, in fact, be a eilasn of It1dOllttBia; tkat h!s Hawaiian bIrth certificate is fraudulent.

All of these claims haVE! be~n debunlled by state officials, documents and fact-based media examinations, bu1 (rUe conspiracy crusaders are undaunted: Well, of COUrH they ClebUJl~ ft; fhey're part of the consptmcy!

Inltte old days, such crusaders hadol'lfy typeWriters (usuar!y wilt) rod-atld-bt.act r1b!x>lls) and the postal service to 5preadth air message. Today. there ant websi1es, blog::;s and pandering talk show hosts rooking to ptirop up latlngs by any means necessary.

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Born in the U.S.A.

August 21, 2008

Updated: Novembef 1,2008

The truth about Obama-s birth certificate.

Summary

(ft June, the Obama campaign released a digitally scanned image of hls birth certificate to quell speculative charges that he might not be a natural-born citizen. But the image prompted more blog~based skepticism about the document's authenticity. And recently, author Jerome Corsi, whose book attacks Obama, satd In a TV interview that the birth certificate the campaign has is "fake."

We beg to d«Ter. FaetCheck.org staffers have now seen, touched, examined and photographed the originaJ birth certtficate. We conclude that it meets all of the requirements from the State Department for proving U.S. dtizenship. Cjaims that the document lacks a ra)sed seal' or a signature are false. We have posted highresolution photographs of the document as "supporting documents" to th ts article. Our conclusion: Obama was born In the U.S.A. just as he has always said.

Update, Nov. 1: The director of Hawaii's Department of Health confirmed Oct. 31 that Obama was bam in Honolulu.

Analysis

Update Nov. 1: The A.ssociated Press Quoted ChiyomFJ Fukino as saying !hat bott she and the registrar of vital statistics. Alvin Onaka, have personafly verified that the health department holds Obama's original bjrth certificate.

Fukino also was quoted by several other news organizations. The Honolulu Advertiser quoted Fukino a,s say;ng the agency had been bombarded by fliJquests, and that the registrar of statistics had even bean calted in at home in the middle of the night.

Honolulu AIIverliser, Nov. 1 100S; "This hos gotten ridiculous, 11 state health director Dr. Chlyome Fukino said yesterday. "There are plenty of other. impo,.tonl things ta focus on., like the economy, [axes, rmergy. " . . . Will this be fmough 10 q'1J.iel (he doublers? "J hope $Q," Fuldno said. "We need to gel some work done."

Fuklno said she has "personally seen and verified that the Hawaii State Department of Health has Sen. Obama's Driginal birth certificate on record in accordance with state policies end procedures. •

Since we first wrote about Obama's birth certificate on June 16, speculation on his citizenship has continued apace. Some <Claim that Obama posted a fake birth certificate to hiS Web page. That charge Jeaped from the blogosphere to the mainstream media earlier this week when Jerome Corsi, author of a book attacking Obama, repeated the claim In an Aug. 15 interview with Steve Ooocy or Fox: News.

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Corsi; Well, what would be really nelpftd is ifSenatoT Obama wou~d release primary documcnls like IDS birth certificate. The campaign hils a false. take birth certificate posted on their website. How is anybody supposed to really piece together bis life?

lloocy: What do you mean they have: a "false birth certificate" on their Web site?

Con:j: The originaJ birth certific:atcofObama has never been released, and the campaign refuses to release it.

Doocy: Wen. couldn't it just be a State of Hawaii-produced duplicate?

ConJ: No, it's a - there's been good analysis of it on the Internet, and it's been shown to have watermarks from Photos hop. It's a fake document that's on the Web site right now. and the original birth certificate the campaign refuses to produce.

Corsi Isn't the only skeptic daimlng that the document is a forgery. Among the most frequent objections we saw on forums, blogs and a-mails are:

• The birth certificate doesn't have a raised seal.

• It lsrrt signed.

• No creases from fo ding are evident in the scanned version.

• In the zoomed-In view, there's a strange halo around the letters.

• The certificate number is blacked out.

• The date bleeding through from the back seems to say "2007," but the document wasn't released until 2008.

• The document Is a "certification of birth," not a "certificate of birth."

Recently FactCheck representatives got a chance to spend some time with the b;rth certificate, and we can attest to the fact that it is real and three-dimensional and resldes at the Obama headquarters in Chicago. We can assure readers that the certificate does bear a raised seal. and that irs stamped on the back by Hawaii state registrar Alvin T. Onaka (who uses a signature stamp rather than signing Individuat birth cernncstes). We even brought home a few photographs.

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The ral$sd seal

You can click on the photos to get fuJi-size versions, whIch haven't been edited in any way, except that some have been rotated 90 degrees tor viewing purposes.

The certificate has. all the elements the State Department requires for proving citizenship to obtain a U.s. passport: "'your full name, the full name of your parent (s), date and place of birth, sex, date the birth record was filed, and the seaJ or other certification of the official custodian of such records." The names, date and place of birth, and filing date are aU evident on the scanned version, and you can see the seal above.

The document is a ·oertificatlon of birth," also known as a shan-form birth certificate. The long form is drawn up by the hospital and includes additional information such as birth weight and parents' hometowns. The short form is printed by the state and draws from a database with fewer details. The Hawali Department of Healthts birth record request form does not give the option to request a photocopy of your long-fonn birth certificate I but their short form has enough InformaUonto be acceptable to the State Department. We tried to ask the Hawaii DOH why they only offer the short form, among other questions, but they have not given a response.

The scan released by the campaign shows halos around the black text, making it look (to some) as though the text might have been pasted on top of an image of security paper. But the document itself has no such halos, nor do the close-up photos we took of it. We cone ude that the halo seen in 1he Image produced by the campaign Is a djgital artifact from the scanning process.

We asked the Obama Icampaign about the date stamp and the blacked~ut certificate number. The certificate is stamped June 2007, because thafs when Hawaii officials produced it for the campaign, which requBsted that document and nail the records we could get our hands on" acoording to spokesperson Shauna Daly. The campa,lgn didn't reJeaseits copy until 2008, after speculation began to appear on the Internet questioning Obama's citizenship. The campaign then rushed to release the document, and the rush Is responsible for the blacked-out certfflcate number. Says Shauna: "['v\fe] couldn't get someone on the phone in Hawaji to 1etl us whether the number represented some secret information. and we erred on the side of blacking it out. Since then we've found out II's pretty irrelevant for the outside world." Tne document we looked at did have a certificate number; [t is 151 1961 - 010641,

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SOme of the conspiracy theories that have drculated about Obama are quite imaginative. One conservative blogger suggested that the campaign might have obtained a valid Hawaii bIrth certificate, soaked it in solvent, then reprinted it with Obama's Jnformation. Of course, this anonymous blogger dido' have access to the actual document and presents this as just one possIble "scenario" wl1lhout any evidenoe that such a thing actually happened or is even feasibe.

We also note that so far none of those questioning the authenticity of the document have produced a shred of evidence that the information on it is incorrect Instead, some speculate that somehow; maybe, he was born in another country and doesn't meet the Constitution's requirement that the president be a -natural-born cltlzen."

We' think our COlleagues at PolitiFact.com, who also dug into some of these loopy theories put it pretty well: "It is posslbla that Obama conspired his way to the precipice of the wor1d's biggest Job, involving 21 vast network of people and government agencies over decades of lies . .Anything's possible. But step back and look at the ovarwhelming evidence to the oontrary and your sense of whafs reasonable has to take over."

In fact, the conspiracy would need to be even deeper than our colleagues realfzed. In late July. a researcher looking to dig up dirt on Obama instead found a birth announcement that had been published 'n the Honolulu Advsr1iseron Sunday. Aug. 13, 1961:

,. t ~~n 1(,~' apu St,. fW\.J De.uh~ E ...... II .. .\i
* dllV9hrwf Avo. S.
."r. and Mrs. 8.f.,,1I: H. Obdtna, S
DlU K.,r:mll".tIGf. Hw)" .• )~,. AU9. I. S
Mr. <1M '-trl. Norm"n ,A "ng. JIll F';
Ani Mi~" Sr., Jart,. Auer, ".
Mr. ctnd Mf".... A"d .. ~ A. J.\.' I Obornu's binh anftownc('mt'nf

The announcement was posted by a pfo-HWary CUnton blogger who grudgingly concluded that Obama "likely" was born Aug. 4, 1961 in Honolulu,

Of course, ~s distantly possib'e that Obama's grandpanmts may have planted http://INWW.factcheck.orgielections-200S/print_born_ln_the_u~a.html

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the announcement just in case their grandson needed to prove his U.S. citizenship In order to run for president someday. We suggest that those who choose to go down that path should first equip themselves wlth a h gh-quaHty tinfoil hat. The evidence is dear: Barack Obama was born in the U.S.A,

Upda.fe. August 26: We received responses to soms of our questions from the Hawaii Depal1!Tleni of Health. They couldn't Iell us anything about their security paper; but they did answer another frequently-raised qUBstion: why is Obama's fathers race listed as "Africann? Kurt Tsue at the DOH told us that (aihar's race and mother's race are suppried by the parenfs, and that "w@ accept what the parents self Identify themselves to be. or We consider It reasonable to bellfJV8 that Bar8ek Obams, Sr,. would have thought of and reporled himself as ·'African. " tt's certainly not the $Iam dunk some readers have made It out to be.

When we asked ebou: the security borders, Which look different from some other examples of Hawaii certifications of live birth, Kurt said "The borders are generated each lime a certified copy is printed. A citatJon located on lhe bottom left hand comer of the certificate· indicates which date the form was revised. " He also confirmed that Ihe information In the short form birth certificate is sufficient to prove citizenship for "all reasonable purposes."

--by Jess Henig, with .Joe Miller

Sources

enited st.axe s DeparttrJent of state, ".l'-.~JFl ~Ci'lO_:3n. ro r ::. ll.f;. F'<ls:-:pcrt," Acce:;;sed 20 Aug. 200B.

State 01 Hawaii DeparTment of Health. "H:>q.JC'S': f,-,r- (2~rtl.fied COPt ofblr:::b S(Jcorc:.'" Ac.:::essed 70 Aug. 2008,

Hollyfield. Amy. "Obama'i' 4.lJ::-h ;': ... '[~;;.fl..:,H.,_'_: ~'in;ll :'_'h:i!.r::e::, " Politiiacl.com. 27 J~n" 2C08.

The Assoc1atl!d. Press. "~;tdt~· d_.~c: l;l res Ob",tllc.: bir:.J'1 ,;(-:or:::.. :'f~\~a t.e J(HlL.: j r.e If 31 Dc:: 2008.

Nakaso, Dan. "Obam5.'s :;~n.J_'lt:'lt~ rl.t bi.:::t'; 0K, sti:lt~ sc]_y~; Heal.t{", d~rect~r iss~es vouche" i~ red~cnEe to '~iri~c~~~us' b~£rag.u Honolulu AdVertiser 1 Nov 200S.

Copyr~9 h\ Cl 2003 • 2009. Mr.mberi Public Polltcy CoInlll!'r 01 'hoe UntvelUy or peno.ylvania FaelChBtk,org'.1 ltalf, nalme Ml'leniJerg CePler. )jI ,.- .. !pon,~re!or Ihi$ maleti~L

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Internet dr,jves Barack Obama birth-eertificate battle: Web allows optnlons to 'live forever, U expert says

TH11 Jones. Nlc:Cf.llkhy - tribUM 8_1~.u Hllllws. Wa:&hington: D8c8. 2008.

Ab!Jt~ (Summary)

Aile weeb after !he State or HawailvoucttBd for the aillnll!lnliclt" of President-elect Barack Obama's birth certifi~te, !he con1Tovet1iy over allegatjons thai: Obama is not oliglble to tahe ot1U:e n~ month has reachec;j !he Supreme Ca-L1't. whIch is IOOIpscted to andOllnce Monday whelher It Will cQosider the maUer. The ~eni who, in at le~~t $Ix 5iates lncfuding New Jersey and ConnectieU1, have a'rgued Obama h. nota naturaHIQ(1'I cltizElIl ;:IIlQ cannot be preaJdenl include one who 9uPfXtrted HilllllJ Clinton's presidanllaJ bid, one who has thundered for decades agaJnsl the legality of the federal government collectin9 irlg;wm~ tax, and one who argUl!lS Ibat Sen. John MCCain, by virtue 01 rns blr'lh 72 years. ago In the Panama Canal Zooe, WDull,i be banned from moving Into the Oval OIfIce, had he won 'as1 month's election.

FuJI T.-, (944 words)

To ae9 more of the Chicago TriblJns, or to subscribe to the newspaper. go to http://www.cI!;cagotTibuM. rom. Copyright (0) 2008, CflfaJ:go Tribune Di$tributed by McClatchy-- Tribune InfurmaIJon ServiCIIs, For reprtnla. emBI1 tmsreprints@permissionsgmup.com, call 800-374-7985 or 841-535-6550, SBRd oI!I fax'o 1147-635-69B8, Qr writs to The PermIssions Group Jnc., 1247 MI7waukeeAve., Suits 303, Gfenvi6w, IL 00025, USA.

Dec. a-This is a mory thai won't go away.

Five week.s after the S1ate of Hawaii vouched for the autnen.lil;ity ot Pre-sicf8nl~lect Bat'ac.k Obal'lla's birlh cetlillcate, 1he controversy aver allegations that Dbama is not eNglble to take offiCfl next m(Jnt~ has raadled the Supromo Court, which Is mlPecled to announce Mooday whe1i1el 11 wilt con sider the matter.

The 1i51ht i5 unusual because it thrives outside Ule so-called mctin.s1ream media, far beyond the oak-paneled offices of :S700-anhour lawyers and iI world away from !he 535lndlviduaJs whmIe $umames are preceded by Representative 0( Sen.aIDf.

Thi91 Is EI dffferent army at wvrk, in an environment increasIng Iy innuenced by the Internet

-Irs only being mentioned by a relalNe few, by the real die-hard, an1i~Obama ClOwd," ujd Michael Harr:ison, editor and publhJher of TalkBrs magazine, 1tle trade bible of lhc talk-l'8dio industry. -on mainstnJam talk radio, it's no! a big deal right now. I think 11'5 run its COLJI58.-

"eut. ~ Harrison added, "we live In a lime Ihat, bec~u,s8 of the Internet all pdnts of \llew can IJva forever. ~

JUlt as there is Ii) sp9t on 1he legitimacy of !he l@gal cJaIms, there is also iii spJlt withIn '!he medla en the merits 0' the 8101)'. [s it 1he fa~t 983-p of Dpp~"tOn from opponents of Ob<mta who havo a found CQrilmuruty of ~ke*minded believers on the Intemel, Dr is !here 8 legal qu.ewcn to be resolved? The COl.1rl will ansW$( !he latter question this week.

The campa4Jn cha"en.glng tho legillmacy of Obama's 1961 birth certificate Of'the legafty of his talOng offICe Is chronlclBd by WorldNetDaily, ;;I popular, politicafly rightrleanmg site thai was lhe 26rh m05t-visftecf news and media Web sile duriAg Novembef, accoroing to Hitwise, which monitors Net lTame.

If !hjs [Obam-a taking offie-e) nappeflS., the question 01 e1lglblr.ry for the highest office if) tilt! rand will no longer even be a matte( for col1cem: wrote Joseph F(trah, founder and editor of WoridNetDaily.

·Pre~etlt wUI have been estahjjshed. Arnold ScflWB rzooegger wi" !Suddenly be eligible 10 run for the Qfflca fn 2'012, • Farah \lllr'cte, refoning to l~ Ausman-born CaliforniagDvemor and film star.

An Chama spokes-man declined [Il ccml1lli!n1 for thJ,s. $lory.

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'The 4awyfllS who, in at least s.ix state-s mcluding New Je rse)' and ConnecUcut, ha.,..e argued Obama is nol a naluralrbom citizen and cannot be pre&ldeJ1llnduae one who supported Hillary CtJotQf'1'S presidential hft:l. one who has 1hundered for decades against the regality of the federal govGrnmel1t collecting ~ncome tax, and one who algues that Sen. John McCain, by virtue of his birth 72 yQa(S ago in the ~;lnama Genal Zooe. would ba banned from mOving into Ihe 0",., OffIce, had he won last month's mecUan.

Leo Donafrto ls ill New Jersey lawyer who mea to set Obama and Mccain .stricke.n from tOe New Jtlrsey t>allQlln November. Oonofrlo's c&se was presented Friday to justIces of the Supreme COWt. Another case clJallengfng Obama's eligibility, this Cne from PeM$)iluania,. has nat yal been preSefJted fa the full courffor Its CQt'lsideration.

-My question is on a putl1 coo$1I'IUUooat wound.~ said Donofrio. "lObama] is a citizen of the United States. j just doo'l believe he's a nallll8j..bom citizen·

This is thE! thrust of the aUadl:, plcked .up by people stlCh as 8cb SchuJz, an upstate New York engineerwno bought two fult~ page ads In 1ha: Tribune lhis month tIlat ca[kld Obama "a usurper" who -WOuld be entitled 10 "0 allegiance. obedience or support 'from til e Pee.ple. •

Schulz 118'1 challenged the fadersf govommenl en JSSU6S including Ina. Iraq War. the Patriot Ant and the income tax. "I hEIVf~ 8 long blstQry of petitioning the govemm~t for redress of grievances it)( viol8tioos of the con.stitutton and the law." said Schul%. who ,said he and his wife FIVe an Social Security chiBcks. Schulz. said the ads cost "tens ,of U,ousandli of dolI~rs· and were paid for with more 'th an 500 private donBllons from tndividuafa who SIJPpon the effort. He said thare were Bno financial angelfJ" behInd it.

1t1e Suprome Court decides not to consideTtI'1e case. Dorw1rio said Ihete MWOIl't as any beating on the drums saying Ulere was"' any ;ua1k:ie."

But that will n.ot be tlte end of the maner, FClrab vowed.

"It'll ~ue Obama throughout hiS presidency. It'll b€l a nagylng Issue and a sora en his admi~tion, much like Menim LewInsky was on ( President Bm} Clinton,· Farahaa~d. "It's not gOing to go aw'tJ'! and it wi" drive Ii wedge in an already divided public,·

'ThaI may undeflCOre a t$ndsc:ape change In the media, wh&re lhalnlemeL is plaYing iii blgger roJe In selting the agenda. In 2004, the SO-called swift boat campaign agaJnst Sen. John K~rry, the Demacralic prB·sldBfltial nominee, began on the Internet In fact. tno c:o-author of ·Unfit lor Command~ Swift Bcat Veteran! Speak Oul Againsl John Kerry,· Jerome Corsi. also wro~, "Obama Nation: a book cdl:it:al of Obama • .publiStled ea"ier thl~ yeat'.

Brendan Nyhan, a pol bl scientf~la1 DulCe Univerolty. said the Intemet's role In fDrm-lng pub~c oplnjQn 1$ galnJnQ strength. WorldNotDa 'Y. for Instance, has ooe of the fa~tltr-growlng audlences on !he Internet, up 62 percenl in the past yoar. ac:ctXdil19 toH~e.

Nyhan co-wrote a swdy Vlis year that s2i(1 ;oumaJs1s' attempts 10 correct misil'llQl"tnation 's unlikeJy to sway pubflc PliUCeptions becaUSfJ many people want 10 believe the mlspen:eptlcn.

"People offen have a strong bias for beltevin9 ltIe &vIdence !hey want to believe and disbeliev!ng what they don't bellew,· Nyhe..n sUI. -rhere Is "J&;5 of a s.ense thai we all have a COtnmon se4 of facts we can agreo on. There's a po an:mfion, ;;tnd we oan't even agree on U1e ba5lc factuaf assumptions to have a debate."

tn1Jonf:!9@tribune.ccm

Credit: Chicag-o Tribune

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McCla~hy· Tribune BusiJ\&ss News, Washington: Dec 8, 2008. Wire Feed

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