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Ellenor A. Del Rosario

Grade 12- ABM 2
Ms. Krizzle Pulido
Personality is the combination of behavior, emotion, motivation, and
thought patterns that define an individual. Personality psychology attempts
to study similarities and differences in these patterns among different
people and groups.
Personality Development quintessentially means enhancing and
grooming one’s outer and inner self to bring about a positive change to
your life. Each individual has a distinct persona that can be developed,
polished and refined. This process includes boosting one’s confidence,
improving communication and language speaking abilities, widening ones
scope of knowledge, developing certain hobbies or skills, learning fine
etiquettes and manners, adding style and grace to the way one looks, talks
and walks and overall imbibing oneself with positivity, liveliness and peace.

Nature vs Nurture debate is the scientific, cultural, and philosophical

debate about whether human culture, behavior, and personality are
caused primarily by nature or nurture. Nature is often defined in this
debate as genetic or hormone-based behaviors, while nurture is most
commonly defined as environment and experience.

Nature refers to all of the genes and hereditary factors that influence who
we are—from our physical appearance to our personality characteristics.

Nurture refers to all the environmental variables that impact who we are,
including our early childhood experiences, how we were raised, our social
relationships, and our surrounding culture.
Sociobiology is a field of scientific study based on the hypothesis
that social behavior has resulted from evolution - it attempts to examine
and explain social behavior within that context. As a branch of biology that
deals with social behavior, it also draws
from ethology, anthropology, evolution, zoology, archaeology, population
genetics, and other disciplines. Within the study of human societies,
sociobiology is closely allied to Darwinian anthropology, human behavioral
ecology and evolutionary psychology.

Examples of Nature vs Nurture For example, when a person

achieves tremendous academic success, did they do so because they are
genetically predisposed to be successful or is it a result of an enriched
environment? If a man abuses his wife and kids, is it because he was born
with violent tendencies or is it something he learned by observing his own
parent's behavior?
How Nature and Nurture Interact Perfect pitch is the ability to
detect the pitch of a musical tone without any reference. Researchers have
found that this ability tends to run in families and believe that it might be
tied to a single gene. However, they've also discovered that possessing the
gene alone is not enough to develop this ability. Instead, musical training
during early childhood is necessary to allow this inherited ability to
manifest itself.
Four Factors that influence personality development and

 Heredity physical traits, aptitudes, inherited characteristics, biological

drives, limits

 Aptitude- capacity to learn a particular skill or acquire a

particular body of knowledge
 Examples: sports, music, drawing etc
 Environmental factors: how parents responds to their children
aptitudes; encourage or discourage or do nothing at all

 Birth Order personalities are shaped by siblings and the order in which
we are born.

 Children have different views of the world as only children

 1st born: more achievement oriented and responsible; defender of
status quo
 Latter born: less responsible, tend to be better in social
relationships and to be more affectionate and friendly; risk takers
and social and intellectual rebels

 Parental Characteristics influenced by parental characteristics, such

as age, education, religion, and economic status
 Parents who have children in their twenties relate differently to
parents who have their children in their thirties

 Cultural Environment determines the basic personality types found in

a society
 Culture gives rise to a series of personality traits:
 model personalities- typical for that society
 U.S. -competitiveness, assertiveness, and individualism