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MALAYSIAN TRIAGE CATEGORY(MTC)

Triage Description of
Response Clinical Description (Indicative only)
Category Category

RED Assessment and Condition that are  All chest pain.


treatment threats to life (or  All referred cases of Acute
immediatly imminent risk of Myocardial Infarction or Unstable
(assessment and deterioration) and Angina.
treatment often require immediate  All dyspnoea of saturation < 95% and
simultaneous) aggressive respiration of 25 per min.
intervention.  All patients with Airway compromise.
eg.gasping,severe maxillofacial
Or injuries and comatosed patients.
 Severe Asthma and COAD
The patient's condition
 All cardio respiratory patients.
is serious enough or
deteriorating so  Shock e.g. hypovolemic or
rapidly that there is cardiogenic patients.
the potential of threat  BP of 220/130 without symptoms.
to life, or organ  High BP with symptoms and
system failure if not impending stroke or blurring of vision.
treated within 15  Patients with BP Systolic 90 and
minutes of arrival. below and Heart Rate of 120 and
below.
Or  All cases of convulsions and fit.
 D/Stix High with CNS involvement.
The potential for time-  Abd. pain and unstable patient in
critical treatment (e.g. shock.
Thrombolysis,  Triple A and suspected intra-abdo.
antidote) to make a injury.
significant effect on  Fever with shock.
clinical outcome  All unstable Ectopic preggnancy.
depends on treatment  Bilateral fracture femur.
commencing within a
 Unstable pelvic fracture.
few minutes of the
patient's arrival in the  Poly trauma patient.
Emergency  All trauma cases with chest injuries.
Department.  All gunshot wound/penetrating wound
in the neck, chest and abdomen.
 All head injuries with GCS of 13 and
below.
 All cases of burns with Airway
compromise e.g.facial and lower neck.
 All cases of third degree burns > 25%
body surface and burns on face and
throat.
 Victims of alleged drowning.
 All vascular injuries or impairment.
 Triple A (Abdominal Aortic
Aneurysm) and intra abdominal
injuries.
 Neonates and babies with HR of
210/min and RR 60/min or evidence
of respiratory compromise, wheezing
and stridor.