T h e Scientific Basis of the Predictive Art commonly called Astrology : to which is added a Complete Set of Tables with Emendations

and New

Rules for the use of Students.




Author of The Manual of Astrology, Lectures on Astrology,
Hindu Astrology after Pardshara, etc.



CHAPTER The Use o an Ephemeris.-Nautical Almanack. T h e I. f Speculum ; Latitude ; Declination ; Rt. Ascension ; Meridian Distance ; Semi-arc ; Horizontal Arc ; Cuspal Distance ; Use of Tables ; Proportional Logarithms. CHAPTER The Horoscope o King Edward VII.-Figure of f Heavens at Nativity; Speculum of Planets' Elements; Signs of Accession. CHAPTER 111. Primary Directions,-Vhat a Direction is ; Mundane Directions ; Zodiacal Directions ; How Arcs are formed ; Illustration of Planetary Arcs ; Direct and Converse Directions. CHAPTER IV. Mundane Directions.-The Conjunction in Mundo ; Examples : Venus to conjunction Moon ; Sun to conjunction Jupiter ; Uranus to conjunction Ascendant ; Saturn to conjunction Mid-heaven. CHAPTER V. Aspects in Mu?ido.-How measured ; Examples : Sun to trine Neptune; opposition and sesquiquadrate aspect of same ; Converse Solar directions to Neptune; Why converse directions cannot be pre-natal as asserted ; Saturn to Aspects of Ascendant ; Venus to Aspects of Mid-heaven; Mid-heaven to Aspects of the S u n in Mundo. CHAPTER VI. Parallels in Muttdo.-The nature of Mundane Parallels ; Validity of Horizontal Parallels ; Examples : upiter to parallel Moon ; Moon to parallel Jupiter ; Sun to orizontal parallel Neptune; Sun to horizontal parallel Saturn. CHAPTER VII. Rapt Parallels.-Direct and Converse Parallels ; Rule to compute Rapt Parallels; Examples : Moon and Saturn to Rapt Parallel on upper meridian ; Moon and Sun to Rapt Parallel on the same ; Sun to Rapt Horizontal Parallel : Jupiter to Rapt Horizontal Parallel. CHAPTER VIII. Zodiacal Directions.-Similar to Mundane Directions ; direct and converse ; Why Parallels are not valid. IX. Conjunctions in Zodiac.-Method of directing; CHAPTER Examples : Mid-heaven to conjunct Moon in Zodiac; Mid-heaven to conjunct Saturn ; Ascendant to conjunct Uranus ; Ascendant to



conjunct Sun ; Venus to conjunct Moon ; Sun to conjunct Saturn ; An unique direction of Moon to conjunct Moon. CHAPTER Aspects in Zodiac.-Aspects of longitudes ; Method X. of directing ; Examples: Mid-heaven square Moon in Zodiac ; Midheaven sextile Sun ; Ascendant sextile Jupiter ; Ascendant opposition Moon ; Sun to opposition Neptune ; Moon to square Sun ; Venus to sextile Moon ; Direct and converse directions. CHAPTER XI. Order o Directing. Necessity for Method i n f work ; Order of Procedure ; Mundane category ; Zodiacal category ; Use of terms Mid-heaven and- Meridian, Ascendant and Horizon ; Concluding remarks. CHAPTER XII. Effects o Directions.-House position ; Good and f evil aspects ; Significators : Mid-heaven, Sun, Moon, Ascendant ; Effects of Uranus' directions; Saturn's effects-Jupiter's, Mar's, Venus's; Effects of Sun, Moon, and Mercury; The Measure of Time ; When directions operate. CHAPTER XIII. S1mnaary.-Sir Isaac Newton, Kepler, Tycho Brahe in relation to Astrology ; Every Astrologer in honourable company. * CHAPTER XIV. The Part o Fortune.-An Ancient Symbol ; its f signification ; How to calculate its position in the Prime Vertical; Example from Royal Horoscope; Serni-arc of Part of Fortune; Examjles of directions to Part of Fortune ; Jupiter to conjunction ; Moon to square aspect ; Uranus to square aspect. CHAPTER XV. Lunar Parallax.-Definition of Parallax ; Parallax of Sun and planets ; Of the Moon ; Illustration of Parallactic angle: Apogee and Perigee; Moon's Anomaly; Motion of Apogee of Moon; Parallax determined by Anomaly; Anomalistic Tables ; Example of their use ; Sepharial's Chord of Parallax ; Example of its use; Part of Parallax due to Zenith distance ; Correction of Moon's place by Parallax ; An open question ; Semi-diameters of Sun and Moon to be applied to arcs of direction. f CHAPTER XVI. The Houses o the Heavens.-Truth sacrificed* for convenience ; House-space of a planet not uniform ; Illustration of inequality of House-space ; Calculation of the Cusps of Houses ; Illustration of unequal House-space ; Proofs of the new statement ; Effect upon Arcs of Direction. 'CHAPTER XVII. Lunar Equation.-Planetary influence continues after birth ; Directions to the places a t Nativity and to the actual places ; Example of Moon's place directed to Western horizon and compared with Moon's setting. A P P E N D I X . - T ~ ~of ~ S ~ Right Ascension and Declination, and Ascensional Difference for London, Birmingham and Liverpool. Tables of Proportional Logarithms.

I have therefore endeavoured t o render 'every operation a s intelligible as possible by means of -diagrams relating to the case I have chosen to illustrate the subject . while aiming at mathematical precision. I t remains for 'the intelligent truth-seeker to construct his own horoscope and compute the various arcs of direction b y the methods herein set forth. and it is not a n uncommon experience that such egotists have but the most superficial knowledge of the subject they contemn. it will in hardly be necessary to elaborate the¥argumen this place. Unlike the majority of ¥writers who bewilder the student with technical terms and explain them at the end of a work. and they fail entirely to convey a simple conception of what is being done and the reason 'for doing it. embody too much of what is already weighted with traditional error. I t is presumed that the reader is already acquainted with the elements of the science and can set a figure of the heavens for any given time and place. Those who deny such influence esteem their premature opinion as of greater weight than the mature conclusions of those who have given the matter long and arduous study. and a set of tables has been added to the work in order to facilitate calculations. I have thought fit to begin with a Glossary of Terms.FOREWORD I Npublishing this short treatise on Primary Directions for the use of students of Prognostic Astronomy. Having written for the past eighteen years on the subject of planetary influence in human life. before pronouncing a verdict on a subject-which has fascinated . Most books on the subjec't. but I 'trust I have not done so without due cause. I am conscious of invading systems already in repute.

indeed. about the beginning of the second century A. and that one brain can affect others is a fact well within our knowledge.D. Influences which create great disturbance in one brain will be scarcely registered by another. H e rendered immense service to his time. Any subsequent change in the Earth's condition will be expressed by the individual in terms of his particular brain development. and. the complex of human thought and action is fully accounted for. will have little difficulty in conceiving the idea of planetary actions. who' lived in Alexandria in the time of Antoninus. as follows from the concept of the solidarity of the Solar System and that of the continuity of Matter. by compiling the longitudes and latitudes of all known places. and astral science has already tabulated 6. is claimed a place among the sciences as an essential part of natural physics-possibly also the key to much that goes under the names of psychology and metaphysics.132 different modes of planetary action. they are also capable of producing electrical disturbances in highly-charged brain cells by means of the Earth's atmosphere. for there are qualities a s well as quantities of electrical action. The electrostatic condition of the Earth's atmosphere at the moment a child draws its first breath is the basis of individual brain activity. If the planetary bodies by their conjunctions and aspects are capable of creating disturbances in the Earth's atmosphere. Those who are acquainted with the nature of Hertzian waves and the phenomena attaching to wireless telegraphy. and in laying the foundation of the . upon the brain-cell batteries of human beings.the minds of many great men in all ages. Every act of cerebration is accompanied by an electrical discharge and the breaking down of the walls of brain cells. not without reason. to modern science. and for which. When these modifications of the ether of space are related to the wide diversities of brain development. v i a the ether of space. The system of Prognostic Astronomy explained in these pages is primarily due to Claudius Ptolemy. I t is like the charging of a battery of a given capacity and quality.

and in course of time. observations of stars.an account of ancient eclipses and their connection with current events. is one of the most precious monuments of antiquity " (Laplace: Systeme dzi Monde). the Gnomon. for. which gives. and also wrote upon music. Further. and which. In ancient days the Nile tides were studied by the Hyksoi-Shepherd-Kings and Patriarchs -and by the Egyptian Eshpayim. and both are controlled by the prevalence of Sunspots. and a canon of the kings of Assyria. Astronomy is to Astrology what the body is to the soul that quickens and inspires it. Greece and Rome. which reduced to a word is this: Famine years in India are low-tide years in the Nile. believing to have observed a relationship of the celestial and terrestrial facts. Sir Norman has discovered a coincidence between the prevalence of Sunspots and the Nile tides. in relation tocelestial phenomena. Persia. "considered as a depository of ancient observations. as the search progresses. and mechanics.method of projecting geographical charts. Sir Norman Lockyer is at present engaged in an attempt to apply the phenomena of Sun-spots to the times and places of great drought and famine. T h e dry facts of Astronomy are of interest and value only to the extent that they may be brought into relation with the daily life of mankind. H i s genius was as diverse as his intellect was great. it will be found that the rents in the luminous ." Sir Norman Lockyer will take his place among the ranks of the prophets and scientific astrologers will give him a warm welcome. to be able t o locate the exact provinces in which the Sun-spots will do their sterilising work. H e has given some years of study to the subject and hopes. chronology. This is the true Evangel of Science. that we should dedicate the reason which was given u s by God to the use and advantage of man. as Lord Bacon said: "The real use of all knowledge is this. The gospel of true science is utility. in measurable time. H e was also th6 author of a treatise upon optics. in which he explains the cause of the refraction of light. and t o his patient toil modern Astronomy owes the Almagest.

" have direct relation to the periodic ratios of the planets Jupiter and Mars. or a t certain angles called 4 6 aspects.. commonly known as '& Sunkpots. according to natural susceptibility or predisposition. This measure of Time in reference to the events of life is the main purpose of this work. the degrees of Right Ascension between one body and another. From varied and continuous observations it is evident that the geocentric configurations of the planets affect the world generally. it ¥woulappear that. Thus all inter-planetary action is universally "distributed and reflected by the individual. at times which are measured by the arcs of direction. the electrical disturbances due to the planets when acting in conjunction. Thence the energy generated would be distributed towards the Poles. SEPHARIAL. In regard to planetary action upon individuals. according to the natures of the planets involved. But this affection is reflected by the individual according to the positions of the planets as seen from the place of his nativity. and at the moment of that event." will be greatest in the Equatorial region.envelope of the Sun. . Le. as seen from the place of birth. which 1 trust will attract the attention of competent critics. a s the direct rays of the celestial bodies are more powerful than their oblique rays. or one body and the aspect o f another.

. T h e second column will contain their Latitudes. and Mercury. to be of much use to the student of Prognostic Astronomy. T h e equation of longitude due to any meridian other than that of Paris is of course readily effected by simple proportion of the diurnal motions of the several bodies. Moon. T h e Nautical Almanac is a reliable Ephemeris and contains all the elements necessary for computing a figure of the heavens for any given time.. as well as the apparent Right Ascension and other elements contained in the British Nautical Almanac..: T h e Sun. will be of service to the beginner. . Neptune. the method of their and calculation. since it gives the geocentric longitudes of the planets. viz. fUranus. must contain the geocentric ¥longitudes the declinations and latitudes of all the celestial bodies of the solar system for each day at noon throughout the year.PROGNOSTIC ASTRONOMY - - C H A P T E R I. or any other reliable Ephemeris. From this. T h e following definitions of the elements of the speculun~. THE USE OF EPHEMERIDES AND TABLES AN Ephemeris. But the French Ephemeris known a s the Connaisance de T e e s is preferable. Mars. Saturn. the plane:tary Speculum is constructed. Jupiter. Venus. The first column will contain the Symbols of the bodies ¥o the Solar System.

minutes and seconds. The fourth column will contain the Right Ascensions.L o g . cos. In the Nautical Almanac the apparent Right Ascension of the different bodies is expressed in hours.Celestial latitude is the distance of a body North or South of the Ecliptic or Sun's path in the heavens. comp. cos.) declin. cos. T h u s : 34 hours = 360 degrees. subject to a slight annual din~inutionof no practical account for many years together. For a body having latitude the Right Ascension has t o be calculated by the formula : . . distance in longitude from nearest Equinox = log. + log. 4 minutes = I degree. or S. of the Equator. In these terms the whole circle of the Equator is equal to twenty-four hours. T h e Ephemeris gives the latitude daily at noon and by proportion it can be found for any intermediate hour. The fifth column will contain the Meridian Distances of the planets. of the Right Ascension from the same Equinox. latitude log. The tables constructed for the appendix of this treatise give the R i g h t Ascension of every degree of the Ecliptic. cos. The points of intersection are known as the Equinoxes. The Ecliptic crosses the Equator of the Earth at an angle of about 23O27'. and a body without latitude has the same Right Ascension as its longitude. The Sun. The third column will contain the ~eclinations. has no latitude. therefore. The Right Ascension of the meridian degree of the horoscope beingknown. Declination is distance N. expressed in degrees and minutes of a circle.. The Right Ascension of a body is its distance from the vernal Equinox measured in degrees and minutes on the Equatorial circle. The declinations of the planets and of the Sun and Moon will be found for noon each day in the Ephemeris. (arith.the degrees and minutes of Right + .together with the Right Ascension of the various bodies. I hour = 15 degrees.

which will always be less than go0. less the meridian distance of a planet. The horizontal arc is the distance a body is in degrees and minutes of Right Ascension from the nearest horizon. diurnal if above and nocturnal if below the horizon. tang. T h e cuspal distance is used to locate the position of a planet in the circle of observation or prime vertical. declination of planet = log. and is required in calculating mundane aspects. add the Ascensional Difference to go0. of the latitude of place of observation + log. If the planet be above the horizon in South declination.Ascension which separate these bodies from the nearest meridian constitute their meridian distances. The seventh column will contain the Horizontal Arcs. The semi-arc is. or from the meridian to the horizon. If the planet be above the horizon in North declination. since the semi-arc is the course traversed by a body from its meridian passage to the point where it rises or sets. ' The semi-arc of a planet is half the time (expressed in degrees and minutes) that the body remains above or below the horizon. T h e result is the semi-arc of the planet. sine of the A scensional Difference. I . a planet passes through the houses. composed of the meridian distance and the horizontal distance. That arc which the planet describes above the horizon is called the " diurnal " semi-arc. The time it takes to pass from the cuspof . in fact. In passing from the horizon to the meridian. T o find the semi-arc of a body : Log. while that below is called the " nocturnal " semi-arc. The eighth and last column of the Speculum will contain the Cuspal Distances of the planets. 2. or below the horizon in North declination. or below the horizon in South declination. The sixth column will contain the Semi-arcs of the planets. The one taken from 180Âwill give the other. take the Ascensional Difference from go0. tang. The semi-arc. is its horizontal arc.

i. the ninth.e. Of a planet in a succedent house. and this arc is. These are all the elements required for t h e construction of a celestial or horoscopical speculum. as.. therefore. first. Birmingham and Liverpool. or its horizontal arc only. take its meridian distance. one-third of the planet's semi-arc. f 15O = has Right Ascension (73O43' I 80° ~ 5 3 ~ 4 3 ' .e. for instance. but the horizontal arc from one-third of its semi-arc if in the sixth or twelfth.respectively. inclusive. third or twelfth. take its meridian distance from twothirds of its semi-arc. Against each degree of the Ecliptic is found also its Ascensional Difference for the cities of London.. T H E 'TABLES' Appended to this treatise contain the Right Ascension and declination of every degree of the Ecliptic from Aries to Virgo. Of a planet in an angle.. seventh or fourth houses. Therefore to find the cuspal distance : Of a planet in a cadent house. whose latitudes . i. second or eleventh.. All places in the same lati5' tudes will have the same amount of Ascensional Difference for the same'point of the Ecliptic. . i.z'. tenth. approximately.one house to that of the next on the same side of the horizon is called its house-space. Thus the Right Ascension of n l s Ois 73'43' arid.are 5i03. The opposite degrees have the same declination.e. 52O28'. sixth. in each case. fifth. 8 go has declination 14~31' N. take its meridian distance from onethird of its semi-arc if in the ninth or third. The Right Ascension of the Southern signs of the Ecliptic are found by adding 180Âto the same degree of the opposite Northern sign. we have the Oblique Asbeision' of that degree-and also of any celestial body + ..By subtracting the Ascensional Difference from the Right Ascension of any degree between Aries oo and Virgo 30° or adding it to the Right Ascension of any degree of the Southern 'signs. so that q g O will have the same declination S. will give its distance from that cusp to which it is next proceeding. and ~ 3 ~ 2N. and this. eighth..

we should reduce. 3rd. since the semi-arcs is always go0. plus or minus the Ascensional Difference due to the declination of the body. The opposite process will give the Oblique Desce~zsio~z. therefore. In the use of logarithms we take out the separatelogarithms for the three terms. add the second and third terms together.. of the speculum. term logarithms. all the quantities' to minutes. will be found of extremeutility and by means of simple proportion all the elements. The chief object of their construction.' 1. 1.having the same declination as that degree. Thus in the proportion : As 72'5' is to 3'52' so is 85'9' to x . however.66794 -32509 85'9' . is for use in the calculation of Directions in the Zodiac. 3O52' log. and subtract the first . The tables. the process of making a proportion is greatly facilitated by the use of these logarithms. beyond those given in the Ephemeris. multiply the second and third terms together and divide the result by the first term. ' 2nd. PROPORTIONAL LOGARITHMS In dealing with fractional quantities of a quadrant. or take the: first from 10-ooooo and add it to the second and third. Thus :. can be readily calculated. be 232 51°9 The process would certainly occupy4325 several minutes even for a quick calculator. and this-operation in its simplest expression would. The Ascensional Differences can also be used to find the semi-arcs of the planets.

74183 . T h e constant logarithm of a body is obtained by adding together the arithmetical complement of the logarithm for its semi-arc. Dist. As all directions are worked by proportional arcs it will be found expedient to extract the logarithms of the planets' semi-arcs and cuspal distances from the tables. W e may now proceed to the calculation of Arcs of Directions. taking a worthy horoscope as the subject of our study. .) log. to obtain the log. cornp. thus : semi-arc 1 85O28I log.41835 Merid.66794 -32509 1. will be found a great economy of labour. but for the sake of lucidity I shall not make u s e of it i n t h e Examples of Directions given in the following pages. semi-arc of the body which moves to form the arc of direction.60256 1. W e have then merely to add to it the log. the constant log. of its proportional distance. 4O34' - 9. of Moon - Whenever the T) is the body to which direction is made.59559 Note-The arithmetical complement of a logarithm is what it lacks of ten. thus : (Arith. 850g1 Ans.) and.Or. 941835 will supply the place of the first and second terms of the proportion. and the . Constant log. T h e use of the constant log. cornp. 3O52' 3rd. 1 32'37' ) (Arith. ) - *32348 9-67652 .logarithm of its meridian distance. and set them under their proper heads in the columns.

- 2 15 22 10 o o 48 3 48 Less Circle 38 4 0 1 48 0 Rt. The calculation of the horoscopical Mid-heaven is as follow : Sidereal Time.M. By adding go0o' we obtain 3o0°27'which is the Oblique Ascension of the Ascending degree. noon. THEHOROSCOPE H. 3gsec. 1841. By subtracting 180 from the Right Ascension of the Mid-heaven 210'27' we have 30°27for the Right Ascension of the Nadir. Asc. a. or lowest point of the heavens a t the moment of the King's birth. W. ACCORDING the Official Bulletin published a t the to King's birth. and longitude om.m. this event took place a t ioh. of Mid-heaven at Birth - 14 I 48 This corresponds to 210~27'. 48m. 8th November Time since elapsed Acceleration at 10 sees. . T h e following are the horoscopical figure and speculum. at Buckingharn Palace. on the 9th November. in latitude 51~32'N. KINGEDWARD OF VII.CHAPTER 11.


Mer.541224 2 1 13 58 5 Log. St. 0 1 I 1 I 1 Lat.-52651 - 67 31 53 33 13 58 4 1 1~1i018 85 28 52 51 8 14 112 '32348 '53223 1. The Sun is also afflicted by a square of Neptune.63597 2-16419 - 14 38 39 "66812 -20515 6 54' 1-41642 I t will be seen that the planet Saturn is the most potent in the horoscope. Ds. 0 I 16111. and because of this great affliction of the luminaries it was thought by some astrologers that H. being only i033'from the horizon. Asc. it --O f O Semi. would never fully assume the office and title of . 1. Long.541 - 16s. Declin.Hor. Not only is Saturn rising. f cusp Dist.Planet.11018 -42586 . its influence being very sinister. but it is also in close zodiacal square to the Moon and semi-square to the Sun.H.R. Ar c A r c .

its action being strengthened from its being angular and rising. we may pass on to the subject of Primary Directions in Mqndo and in Zodiaco. T h e S u n is near the mundane parallel of Venus and the Ascendant has a mundane trine of the Moon and a near influence of Jupiter. while the Midheaven is supported by the trine aspect of Neptune in mundo and the sextile of Saturn in the Zodiac.King. But not only are the luminaries in elevation. which God defend. . the full title and honours of kingship would follow as a consequence of this horoscope being that of the true and rightful heir t o the Throne. by which the periods of all great changes in health and fortune may be determined with great accuracy. but the Sun has the sextile of Mars from its exaltation sign Capricornus. T h e mundane positions are certainly very strong and with five planets above the horizon and no less than seven rising. Taking this horoscope a s the illustration of our study. T h e Moon is proceeding to the mundane trine aspect of Jupiter.

Such distance is measured by the Equatorial degrees which pass under the meridian from the moment of birth to the moment when the direction is completed. or one body from the position of another. or Prime Vertical. or by which a localised impress of a planet is carried from W. or its aspects.CHAPTER AN arc of direction is the distance which separates one body from another. in the circle of observation. and a t distances determined by their declinations. Careful study of the figure annexed to Chapter XVI. Mundane " Direct Directions " are those which are formed by a body moving West- . Zodiacal Directions are those which are made to the geocentric longitude of a body or to aspects of that longitude. Mundane Directions are those which are made to the apparent position of a celestial body. culminating and setting in the circle of observation . by which the planets are apparently carried from East to West. Both the Mundane and Zodiacal Directions may be either direct or converse. to E. is always that to which direction is made. T h e original position of a body. T h e lines thus traversed by these bodies are practically parallel to the Equator. in the circle of observation. either in the zodiac or in the circle of observation. rising. will make the preceding observations perfectly clear. or its aspect. T h e horizon of any place cuts the Equator at an angle equal to its geographical latitude. against the apparent motion of the heavens. All Directions are formed by the rotation of the Earth on its axis.

if we bring the Moon to a conjunction with Venus conversely.ward when above the horizon and Eastward when under the horizon. The fact is that every planet throws a direct ray to the place of birth a s well as oblique rays in other directions. their zodiacal equivalents8(theMid-heaven and Ascendant). Such. The direct ray is called its Earth-line. are themselves directed to the planets. in the horoscope before us. and on first sight it would appear that they are so. and it is this line which. by the rotation of the earth on its axis. Some writers have deemed these directions to b e pre-natal. equivalent to that held by Venus. conveying th-3 localised influence of that one body to a point wheie it meets the localised influence or Earth-line of another body that is following i t in the heavens. Therefore all directions are formed by the one natural fact of the Earth's rotation. Here it looks as if we took the Moon backwards to a position it held about an hour before the birth. horizon. All these Significatovs. we direct the Moon along its own arc till it reaches a meridian distance (proportionate to its semi-arc). is carried from West to East. " Converse Directions " are exactly the reverse of this. is not the case. and the Sun and Moon. and examplesof every kind of direction adduced in illustration. The more important directions are those made to the meridian. . as they are called. The method of calculating Arcs of Direction may now be explained. however. Thus.

is supposed to remain stationary. or cuspal distance. CONJUNCTION I N MUNDO Bring the body directed along its own arc till it reaches the body of another a s seen from the place of birth. parallel. T h e difference between this proportional distance of t h e moving body and its original distance is the Arc of D r c i n ieto. or rapt parallel of another.c. horizontal.. ? 3'8 12' ?12' 3 ' .. . whether mundane or zodiacal. - 9. aspect. EXAMPLES I. ? d Are of Direction 1'5 92' D mundo. The universal formula for all directions. Direct Venus to conjunction with Moon in mundo. o 1st Dist. log. . As Semi-arc D 8'8 p. Dist. is as follows :As the semi-arc of the stationary body or aspect Is to its meridian. while the directed body moves to it along its own arc.) -32348 To Merid. T h e body (or its aspect) to which direction is made.67652 . 52' (a.74183 -33917 ¥7575 T Prop. ) 3'7 23' To Semi-arc ? 8'6 22' p. A SIGNIFICATOR or planet may be directed in mundo t o a conjunction.. -- . So i s the semi-arc of the moving body To its proportional distance. Dist.CHAPTER IV. log.

Semi-arc V 57O44' log. viz. T h e meridian distance subtracted from the semi-arc of Uranus will give the planet's distance from the horizon. Direct Saturn to conjunction Mid-heaven in mundo. (a. Earth-line is carried Eastward by the rotation of the Earth till it coincides with Jupiter's Earth-line.c. 3. Arc of Direction This is a converse direction of the Sun. This direction signifies accidents to the limbs and feet. being in the twelfth in 1 . 5g043'. This is the Arc of Direction. .) Prop. 058~47' . . Direct Uranus to conjunction Ascendant in mundo. 1st Dist.. ' 667031' . ~ 9 6 . T h e Sun's. 4. Arc of Direction. 0 13~58' . l. 2. Dist.. The Right Ascension of Saturn minus Right Ascension of Mid-heaven will give the meridian distance of Saturn. Semi-arc Merid.. I t was ( fortunate in relation to equine sports. 4404gr 0 rf m. as already shown in the speculum. Dist.. also complications in finance. It produced pleasant experiences abroad and led toward marriage.This is a d i m < direction of Venus in mundo. Direct the Sun to conjunction with Jupiter i n mundo. liable to. or horizontal arc. I# d Asc. 56'51'. This influence is evil for life and fortunes. generate serious illness and to produce depression in affairs of State. as tf is in t h e second house at birth. Venus is in the ninth house (foreigners) and the T) on its cusp. con.C. as shown in the speculum.. Saturn afflicting the Ascendant at birth renders its influence more evil. 5 rf M.

. Arc of Direction 13~x3'O A Y m.. . 1st Dist. 1'14' 0 67'31' . (a. .) - 9.79485 2-16419 .20515 V Semi-arc Prop.38490 - 0 0'45' 0 13'58' . Semi-arc Cusp. .c. and in square go0 to another planet which may be on the cusp of the eighth house. MUNDANE aspects are measured from the cusps of the houses.C H A P T E R V. Therefore to direct a planet to the aspect of another in mundo. and in sesquiquadrate lyjO the to Mid-heaven. A planet in the middle of the second house would be in semi-square 45O to the Ascendant. t EXAMPLES I.. we must .therefore direct the Sun to an equivalent distance inside the cusp of the tenth. Neptune is i014' inside the cusp of the second house .42586 2. Having determined the arc of any one aspect in . . Thus : a planet being on the cusp of the eleventh house will be in mundane sextile 60Âto the Ascendant. Bring the Sun to a trine of Neptune in mundo. (~ÈIIZOI~ log. Dist. we have to bring it to an equivalent distance from the cusp of that house in which the aspect is formed. Dist.

mundo we have only to add or subtract. to points in the circle of observation where it meets the localised influence of the planet Neptune. 8 3 2 0 45 g 22 30 - Arc o Direction f Semi-arc A rc of Direction - 31 47 11 15 2 17 0 u y m. - 43 . Sem'i-arc Mer. whole process is falsely conceived. to E. Dist. which is originally 13'58' E. or two-thirds of the setniarc of the directed body. one-sixth.its axis from W. the Sun itself being directed to a place it occupied so many hours and minutes before birth.con.. Thus :Arc of Direction & Semi-arc Arc of Direction A Semi-arc Arc of Direction. con. in order to obtain all its other aspects. from 11th Add Prop. then the. 15 - 24 28 0 Q y mundo. These are direct directions in mundo. being carried eastward. as some have erroneously stated. For the converse we bring the Sun along its own arc into the eleventh and twelfth houses. Arc of Direction Semi-arc - - . For it must be apparent to the meanest intellect that kh'en the' Sun was 0°45 from 'f the cusp of . and are formed by the rotation of the Earth on . one-half. 33 45 58 13 0 8ql mundo. the localised influence of the Sun. both direct and converse.0~ym. 0 36 V m.. - 13 11 13 Q ~ y r n u n d o .-If. Dist. These are converse directions. Note. of t h e meridian. Dist. successively.. one-third. con. these converse directions are pre-natal.

Bring Saturn to its aspects of the Ascendant in mundo.the twelfth house. for how can a body support a position that is not yet assumed ? I t is the local impress of the solar influence at birth which is carried backward to form aspects with the radical place of Neptune. For the converse directions of Saturn in mundo we have to take the contra-semi-arc (Nocturnal) of Saturn as he is below the horizon when forming these aspects : 0 I From Diurnal Semi-arc - 180 58 121 o 10 Nocturnal .. to E.C.~. - 50 One-half . 59'43' is also the arc for 5 rf M. m. Hor. 2. mundane or zodiacal. whether direct or converse. and the single axial motion of the Earth from W. 0 I Hor.m. Arc of Direction - 1? ASC. Note.. - 30 38 $ L Asc. and 5 a Ascendant m. m. 9 42 40 20 I9 23 59 43 Arc of Direction 3 Semi-arc - ^*ASC. is the sole basis of all directions.-The mundane conjunction of Saturn with ' Ascendant 1 ~ 3 3 is also the arc of 5 a Mid-heaven in mundo. Arc of $ 4 Semi-arc Arc of Direction Semi-arc - 33 29 5 I $ d Asc. Neptune had not yet arrived at the equivalent distance from the cusp of the second-where we find it at the birth-but was close to the cusp of the third house. Therefore the Sun itself cannot be conversely directed to the sextile of Neptune's radical place in mundo. Arc $ - 60 55 1 33 . in mundo.

m. Venus Semi-arc One-half . 013 58 . . ? a M.C. 73 56 .m. is the same as the mundane opposition to the Ascendant. m. .. These mundane directions of the planets to the Midheaven and Ascendant are extremely simple and facile.c. Here we have to bring the meridian degree "nfs038' along its own arc to equivalent distances from the cusps 3' of the houses in proportion to the Sun's distance. f Asc.. This latter aspect of $ to M. - .Arc of Direction Semi-arc Arc of Direction. 1344 42 54 27 29 70 23 - ? M.. and is measured by the horizontal arc of Venus. Dist. m.C. Mer.. in. aspects of the Mid-heaven.. 1 v from tenth.C. Dist.) -42586 9'57414 1~11018 -38643 Mer. The conjunctions. Arc of Direction & Semi-arc Arc o/Direction 3 Semi-arc Arc of Direction - 29 10 ? f M.C. Bring Venus mundo. 4. Semi-arc M. m. Semi-arc 067 31 log. 3. - 18 79 40 '2 * Asc. being merely a part of the semi-arc less the meridian distance of each planet. (a.C. oppositions and quadratures are already included in the speculum under the meridian distance and horizontal arc of each planet. Bring the Mid-heaven to aspects of the Sun in mundo. 10 - 59 20 22 12.

M. 0 0 mundo.C.C. 33 59 M. 19 . . The Ascendant is directed in the same way to mundane aspects by a proportion of its semi-arc to those of the planets. 39 * 0 mundo.C.07075 A re o f Direction Semi-arc Arc of Direction & Semi-arc Arc of Direction 24 21 12 40 M. A Semi-arc 36 58 1. L o mundo. 15 18 log.C. Dist. - 58 38 M.Prop.

The Moon is near the cusp of the ninth house. Dist. bring Jupiter up to the eleventh to form the mundane parallel. 0 r Semi-arc Mer. i. tradition has been allowed too much weight on many points of vital moment.-Some writers on this subject have repudiated the parallels formed upon the horizon. therefore. indeed.) D32 37 11-57 44 s* *S - -32348 - 9'67652 .CHAPTER VI. and. as the semi-arc of the stationary body is to its meridian distance (or horizontal arc).. so is the semi-arc of the moving bodyto its proportionate meridian or horizontal distance. nor have they seen that planets thus placed must be at equal distances from the horizon ! The rule is the same as for the aspects. but without adducing adequate reason for so doing.74183 '49385 . A M U N D A N E parallel is formed by one planet coming t o an equivalent distance on one side of the meridian or horizon as another body on the other side of the same meridian or horizon. (a. Note.e.. as in the fourth and ninth houses. Semi-arc D 85 28 log. W e must.~. EXAMPLES I . one south and the other north. A parallel can therefore be formed by the approach of a body to the upper and lower meridians and to the east and west horizons. Yet the same writers have not denied the validity of parallels formed on the same side of the meridian. the tenth and third.. Bring Jupiter to a meridian parallel of the Moon.

mundo.32348 -38362 1) par. Dist.) Arc of Direction 41 48 0 1 - 9'50615 -55399 . Bring the Sun to the horizontal parallel of Neptune. 1st Dist. . 0 53 '33 52 41 -.c. Dist. Dist. 1st Dist.20515 9-79485 . ..I Arc ef Direction 30 18 0 par. Semi-arc Hor. Semi-arc Prop. This is a converse direction of the Sun to an equivalent distance from the horizon to that of Neptune.- IS *88883 (f .a 0 0 52 . 50 16 0 I 2 log. 5 mundo .83049 2'0'5494 -42586 2.91220 - D mundo. 2j mundo.) -1 695I 33 0 67 31 1 '? . Semi-arc Prop.Prop. 357 44 log. 5121 50 log.. Semi-arc Hor. hs Semi-arc Mer.42586 f 38 39 0 67 31 0 23 15 0 53 33 . (a.66812 . 1st Dist.22 Arcpf Direction 2. Y112 14 log. £8 28 D74 25 D32 37 11 Bring the Moon to the meridian parallel of Jupiter. 9. 2/50 16 . 28 14 3 par. -49385 (a. 8 (a. Dist. 1st Dist. Arc Semi-arc Prop.c. Bring the Sun to a horizontal parallel of Saturn. T i is the reverse of the above problem. 4.) . Arc.32129 0 par. Arc of Direction - 9.c. Dist. 3.

thus: 3)m. Now. . Smith) in his Manual. 5 121 50 log: '? 120 0 67 17 31 #I (a. and as the parallel is more correctly defined by " an equivalent distance on opposite sides of an angle.p. and the Sun is brought conversely to an equivalent distance from the horizon on the south side as Saturn is on the north.p. remarks that he has not found those formed upon the horizon to be significant. 42 0 par..c. 4' 48'.T h e nocturnal arc of Saturn in relation to its horizontal distance is here taken as in the preceding case of Neptune. for we continually find that a parallel formed upon the same side of the meridian but in different quadrants.) -16951 9. and in different quadrants. @ h. two bodies at equivalent distances on the same side of the meridian. are at equivalent distances on opposite sides of the same horizon . -U. C. - 0 66 40 0 13 58 52 Are a/ D r c i n ieto. 1st Dist. 5 mundo. I t will be expedient to distinguish between parallels formedon the meridian and those on the horizon. Semi-arc Prop. T h e result is the same if we bring 0 to an equivalent from the tenth as Saturn is from the fourth. Semi-arc Mer. is admitted into the category of operative directions." I have employed the horizontal distance instead of the meridian distance of the Sun in directing it to a mundane parallel with Saturn. Dist. L L Raphael " (R. Later writers. Dist.83049 ¥I750 -42586 ¥4314 . after defining the mundane parallel as the same distance on opposite sides of the meridian. however. are not of the same opinion. 5 5 4' 1 2 ' 2. in my experience these parallels are of considerable efficacy and fall naturally into line with other directions of similar import occurring at or about the same time. Whatever may be the opinion of others.

Semi-arc I# ~ 8 5 28 $ 5 8 10 2) 143 38 .-As half the sum of the semi-arcs of the two bodies is to half the sum of their meridian (or horizontal) distances. or their places. whereby any two bodies. RAPT parallels are formed by the apparent motion of the heavens. The student may follow me in one or two illustrations. Saturn will be applying to the meridian. are carried to an equal distance on opposite sides of the same angle. whether it be the meridian or the horizon. At the formation of the parallel. In making this statement I am extending the observation of former writers who recognise only the rapt parallel formed by direct direction upon the meridian angle. or by the rotation of the Earth. so is the semi-arc of the body applying to the angle to its distance from that angle at the formation of the parallel. EXAMPLES I. My experience includes also those formed conversely on the same angle.CHAPTER VII. and I include the horizon in this observation. while the Moon will be separating from it. The rule for the calculation is as follows : Rule. Bring the Moon and Saturn to a rapt parallel upon the upper meridian. Here we propose to bring the Moon down the western sky and Saturn up the eastern sky by the apparent motion of the heavens.

(as.) -37171 9-62829 013 58 132 37 & sum M.. 10 10 IS - '59094 "49060 -68249 b37 24 $59 43 22 . ~ 8 5 . 1st Dist. rapt.D.Dist. Dist. Arc of Direction >? 58 46. we have taken its diurnal semi-arc. upper meridian.. the.D. 23 17 log. b59 43 . 28 I 0 ~88823 -32348 *8400o T) 26 ..60095 (a.. D32 37 6 36 Art of Direction D rapt.A. 1) 19 As Saturn is above'the horizon at the time of this parallel. This is a converse direction. Dist. to E. tt s t 152 -- 59 76 29 log. whereby the mundane places of the Moon and Sun are carried eastward t o equivalent distances on opposite sides of the upper meridian. Semi-arc Prop. Mer. 2 Bring the Moon and Sun to a rapt parallel upon . Semi-arc *Prop.A.c. . Mer. 37 . par. Dist. 9 2 20 sum of M. 0 I Semi-arc II 067 31 185 28 2) sum S. formed by the rotation of the Earth from W.sum of S..) . par. . I s s t D 32 . 1st Dist. . 2) -39905 9.

Arc I f 94 40 1%. 0 6 7 31 0 1 9 39 a 5 3 33 33 54 9. Semi-arc II sum of S.) 9. the east. 0 53 33 (a. Dist. Hor. Bring the Sun to a rapt parallel with Saturft on . 5 I t will be observed that. par. . Bring Jupiter to a rapt parallel with the Sun on the E. his diurnal arc is that used.A. 4.3. I> È .27908 If T? 1 33 * sum of H.A. Arc of Direction 0 rapt.96193 Prop. while the Sun being above the horizon. Semi-arc Is 0 67 31 $121 50 - 2) 189 21 4 sum of S.72092 .c. Hor. Dist.A. his nocturnal arc is employed. Semi-arc 27 33 log.. -81515 -42586 . as Saturn is below the horizon when the parallel is formed.horizon. 1st Dist. horizon.

as he has to pass below the horizon to form this parallel. The nocturnal arc of l(. i.A.. -- '77097 -42586 '91875 0 21. Arc of Direction 3s 51 0 rapt.e. 1st Dist.2 ) 61 I sum H." In effect they are very powerful..' Semi-arc Prop. if. being formed by the direct rays of the various bodies to the place of birth. Dist. the mundane places of the Sun and Jupiter are carried eastward by the Earth's rotation till they come to an equal distance on opposite sides of the horizon. 30 30 10% 0 67 31 . 0 53 33 .42 1 . .. par. is employed in this problem. This concludes the directions termed " Mundane.

in which case the planets cannot. being contrary to the order of the signs. In this sense the meridian and horizon are considered as "bodies." and are directed to the longitudes of the planets. Thus. Directions may be to conjunction or aspect. save that. and then taking the semi-arc and meridian distance of this longitude. if we direct a body in Libra to the longitude of one in Scorpio. I n all cases we direct the body of a planet to the longitude of another. but when directing a body in Libra to the longitude of another in Virgo. by this method. sometimes has greater declination than the Tropics. finding a degree of the zodiac whose declination is the same. however. Directions in zodiaco may be direct or converse. I conceive the direction to a parallel to be ill-founded and extremely difficult of scrutiny. Excepting t h e equinoctial and solstitial points there are four degrees in the zodiac having the same declination as each planet. The method consists in taking the declination of the planet to which direction is made . after which the body directed is brought to a conjunction with this degree in the manner already explained. The Moon. the direction is converse. THESE directions are in all respects similar to the mundane. Personally. be .CHAPTER VIII. taking the meridian distance and semi-arc of that longitude or ecliptic degree. instead of bringing the significator to the body of a planet we direct to the longitude of that planet. The zodiacal parallel is also included by most writers on this subject. the direction is direct.

to W. But all this seems beside the mark. these parallels form no part of a true system of Primary Directions. the Sun's place q16O54' could be brought along its semi-arc to an equivalent distance on the East of the meridian as is the Moon's long. I n the same manner q16O54' and q2g027' could be brought to a rapt parallel on the upper meridian. which are parallel to the Equator.brought to a parallel of the Moon. I have not. I t has 5 already been explained ' that the rotation of the Earth causes the planets to traverse arcs from E. Thus. had opportunity for testing this theory. T o bring a body to the conjunction of a degree in the zodiac (as seen from the place of observation) is not the same as bringing that body to the same distance from the Equator. to equivalent distances on opposite sides of the angles and also t o rapt parallels in the same way. I t is conceivably possible that the correct method of dealing with these zodiacal positions of the planets so as to form parallels. The fact is. by the rotation of the Earth) to 7 O or 1' of declination. would be to direct them by their semi-arcs. and at distances which are determined by the declinations of the several bodies. and their influences to be thence reflected to the individual-neither of which concepts are contrary to the principles of the science. but belong solely to Secondary directions.. Not by any mathematics can a body having 1 3 O of declination be brought by direction (i. for it is obvious that a parallel of declination is equal distance above and below the Equator. ng2g027' on the West of it. .e. T h e theory presumes the planets to be operative in the degrees of their respective longitudes. however.

For the Sun. Take this from that body's original distance. and Planets. and there remains the Arc of Direction. Moon. take the Oblique Ascension of the longitude of the planet. Bring the Mid-heaven to conjunction with Saturn in the zodiac. As the semi-arc of the lotzgitude is to its meridian distance. find the R. and declination of the longitude to which direction is made. of Mid-heaven - -- 0 I I79 210 29 27 Arc of Direction M. EXAMPLES I. take the Right Ascension of the the longitude of the planet to which direction is made.C H A P T E R IX. so is the semi-arc of the moving body to its proportional distance from the meridian. d p 30 58 2. CONJUNCTIONSZODIAC IN FOR Mid-heaven. The difference between this and the R. will be the Arc of Direction.A.A.A. of the Mid-heaven.A. Bring the Mid-heaven to conjunction with Moon in zodiac. and calculate thereby its meridian distance and semiarc. J) 's long.~ 2 7 R. Then proceed as for the calculation of a conjunction in mundo. For the Ascendant. The difference between this and the Oblique Ascension of the Ascendant will be the Arc of Direction. . ~ 2 9 ~ R.C..

A. Asc. converse. - - - - 224 22 29 25 246 54 300 27 Arc of Direction Asc. direct. T h e direction is therefore identical with the converse mundane direction of 0 d Ascendant 53'33'. xzo037' R. converse. 7ti. 5. Asc. 59 42 The first example-is a converse direction. 4. Diff.~20'37' Obi. ASC. of Mid-heaven - - 270 210 27 9 Are of Direction M. Bring the Ascendant to conjunction with Sun in zodiac. d O 53 33 Note.f^ 's long.of Ascdt. VJ oOg'R. 0 ' s long. x20°37' the longitude of Uranus is rising. d 55 38 If we add 55'38' to the Right Ascension of the Mid-heaven 2 io027'. (add) 3 ' s long. ring the Ascendant to conjunction with Uranus in zodiac. (add) Obi.A. Bring Venus t o conjunction with the Moon in zodiac.d i. ASC. the second is direct. ASC. of in16O54' Obi.C.A. R.-As the Sun is on the ecliptic. we shall obtain Right Ascension 266O5' which is equivalent to f 26'24'30". Asc. - -- - 0 ' 351 23 4 42 Obi. 356 5 300 27 Arc of Direction Asc.of Ascdt. .A. and when this comes to the meridian of London. Diff. its Oblique Ascension and that of its longitude are the same.16~54'R. 3.

and its semi-arc is therefore go017'.. 1st Dist. So Semi-arc T o Prop. 7. which has Right Ascension 270°g'its meridian distance being 5g042' (see Exam. St à --- -- 56 52 0d zod. the body of a planet having latitude is not in .The p's longitude is q2g027'. Saturn's longitude is ^yoOgt. d.I . Bring the Moon to conjunction Moon in zodiac. 2 in this series). Dist 1st Dist. Then we say : 0 I AS Semi-arc go 17 log.29967 9. . I of this series). Note. 16 2 9 12 16 14 ? d T) zod. Arc of Direction . Arc of Direction 56 54 1%59 42 067 31 070 50 0 1 3 58 . Bring the Sun to conjunction with Saturn in zodiac.-We take the diurnal semi-arc of WOOQ' and its -distance from the upper meridian for convenience of proportion to the known factors of the Sun. d 0 ' ¥5001 (a.c. Dist Subt. the Right Ascension of which is i7g02g'. direct.76438 -33917 -80388 To Mer. Semi-arc Prop.) . and its semi-arc -~6~54'. The declination of woOgtis 23O27'. its meridian distance 30°58 (see Exam. con. Dist. Dist.70033 .) 30 58 ? 82 26 ? 28 . converse. This unique direction is inserted for the purpose of illustrating the fact that from the point of view of an observer.49984 ¥4793 *42586 '40500 1 2 Semi-arc Mer.. T h e declination of q 2 g 0 q ' is 0°13' its ascensional difference is 0°17 for London. 6 . (a. its ascensional difference 33O6' for London.c.

Owing to the inclination of the Moon's orbit to the Ecliptic being greater than that of the other bodies.-Possibly a direction of this nature imports the influence of the D'S radical aspects.A. developing those changes in the constitution which are so often effected by infantile complaints. Its declination 0°i3gives Asc. con.29967 (a. As to what effects may be due to the direction of Moon to Moon's place in zodiac. and consequently an Arc of Direction may'be measured in all such cases. Semi-arc Prop. Dist. 17g0zg'. .A. 0°i7and its semi-arc is therefore 90~17'. I must defer judgment. 1st Dist.c.-according to the nature of the aspect and attendant directions. of its longitude is more marked. Dist. 30 58 . D85 28 i i D29 19 D32 37 3 i i . Semi-arc Mer. m 29'27' has R. Note. Are of Direction go 17 log. Diff. But here is the calculation :D'S long. .the same position as the longitude of that planet. the public.70033 -76438 -32348 *78819 d 18 D D zod. its meridian distance being 3oC58'.) 9. the difference between its Right Ascension and the R. but the Moon to its own aspects in zodiac produces changes and favour or disfavour of women. etc.

the Mid-heaven being directed by R. direct.A. of which is 26g025'. f2Q027' R.C.%c¥21~28' the Right Ascension of which is 323O52'.C.A. direct. of M. and its . Bring the Mid-heaven to the sextile of Sun in zodiac. Bring the Ascendant to sextile Jupiter in zodiac..CHAPTER WEhave already directed the Mid-heaven. and the planetary bodies (including 0 and I)) by proportion of their semi-arcs. of which is 167'57'.C. ¥X @ zod. the R. the R.A. The Moon's long. etc. 3. EXAMPLES I.. 2.A. its meridian distance (210~27'-167~57') 4z030' . G I R. and we now have to direct them to aspects of those longitudes. Ascendant.e falls in f 2g027'. the Ascendant by Oblique Ascension. converse sextile being the vy^16O54'. has Jupiter's longitude f 21~28' its sextile in . its squar. is vy^2g027'. 1 The Sun's long.A. con. a I) zod. to the longitudes of the planets for the conjunction in zodiac. is 1 ~ 1 6 ~ 5 4 ' . Bring the Mid-heaven to the square of Moon in zodiac. The process is in every way similar. - - - - 269 24 210 27 Arc of Direction 58 57 M. Arc of Direction M. converse.

converse. Arc of Direction Asc. - - O f . We have already found the Right Ascension of 1)'s longitude n12g027' to be i7g02g'. Dist. &c. 8 D Here we bring the opposition point of the 1)'s longitude to conjunction with the Ascendant.38830 . Asc.ascensional difference 18O47'. its Right Ascension 136¡50f and its meridian distance 73O37'.n~zg~z7' 180 + Asc. and its ascensional difference t o be 0°i7' W e therefore proceed : R. - - I79 29 180 17 359 46 300 27 59 19 Obi. I t s ascensional difference is Then : 2 1 ~ 5 8 'which gives a diurnal semi-arc of I I 1'58'. of x 29'27' Obi. Neptune's longitude is Z Z I ~ O ~ I ' .A. Bring the Sun to the opposition of Neptune in the zodiac. Semi-arc 111 58 log. Arc of Direction B~ -58 21 0 <? V zod. Bring the Ascendant to opposition Moon in zodiac. gives its Oblique Ascension 34203g1. 1st Dist.) 979382 . -20618 (a. of A~cdt. direct. con. Obi. * 4. ASC. Diff. -# Prop. of Aspect Obi. ~ 0 I Semi-arc Mer.42586 -60798 73 37 0 6 7 31 0 4 4 23 0 1 3 58 .c. of A ~ c d t . which is the same as directing the Ascendant to opposition Moon. Asc. . Dist. 5. the opposition of which is &i402if. 342 39 300 27 42 12 Arc of Direction Asc..

Note.-As the Sun has to cross the meridian to form this aspect we add its first distance, 13'58', to its proportional distance on the other side of the meridian, t o obtain the full arc of the Sun's direction. 6. Bring the Moon to the square of Sun in zodiac, converse. The square of 0 (converse) falls in &16O54', the Right Ascension of which is 13g022',its meridian distance being 71~5'. Its ascensional difference is 20°5i'which gives its semi-arc I 10~51'. Then :


Mer. Dist.


51 log.



71 5 I185 28 D54 48 5 3 2 37

(a c.)

Prop. Dist. 1st Dist.
Arc oJDirection

D a 0 zod. con.


9-78946 -40350 .32348 31644


7. Direct Venus to the sextile of Moon in zodiac, direct. The direct zodiacal sextile of the D'S longitude is n^,2g027', the Right Ascension of which is 237O13~, meridian distance 26O4.6'. Its ascensional difference is 27O21', and its semi-arc 6203g1. Then :
Semi-arc Mer. Dist. Semi-arc
Prop. Dist.
1st Dist.
62 39 log.

-45835 9.54165 .82768 -33917 -70850

26 46 * I 982 26 ,, 935 ? 12 47 I3


Arc of Direction




zod. d.

Note.-As Venus has to cross the meridian to form the aspect, the proportional distance on the E. side of the meridian is added to its original distance on the W. side to obtain the arc traversed.

I t will be noticed that the directions in the zodiac direct are formed by the same natural fact a s mundane converse directions, viz.i the axial rotation of the Earth. The body of a planet is believed to impress its influence upon the Earth at the moment of birth, by a right line of influence. By the Earth's rotation, the locality thus impressed is brought eastward till it forms its conjunction with the rays of another body, or comes into line with a zodiacal point, as seen from the place of birth, W e have now taken examples of every kind of direction, both mundane and zodiacal, which can be accommodated to the principles of primary direction in the circle of observation. will The TABLES be found of great use in computing the semi-arcs of the planets, the Right Ascensions of zodiacal positions and aspects, and the Oblique Ascensions of all zodiacal points.


THEstudent will do well to employ some definite order of calculation, otherwise he will be sure to overlook many directions which, belonging to a series, become very important in association with others of a like nature, or of contrary nature. For instance, in a series or train of evil directions falling out in a particular year of life, a good direction of the hyleg to Jupiter will generally convert a judgment of death into one of serious illness, from which the native recovers. In short, such a direction would indicate a favourable crisis. I t is therefore important to have all the directions calculated. T h e ' following is suggested as the most convenient order of procedure. I. Take the Mundane Directions first. I. Direct all the bodies to aspects and conjunctions with the Ascendant :( a ) from E. to W. ; ( b ) from W. to E. 2. Direct all the bodies to aspects and conjunctions with the Mid-heaven: ( a ) from E. t o W . ; ( b ) from W . to E. 3. Direct the Sun to the other bodies in mundo : (a) from E. to W . ; ( b ) from W . to E. 4. Direct the Moon to the other bodies in mundo : (a) from E. to W . ; ( b ) from W . to E. 5. Do the same with each of the planets, directing them separately and in turn to the 0 and to the Moon, first from E. to W., and next from W . to E. 6. Direct the a to mundane parallels with the I and ) planets. 7. Direct the Q to rapt parallels with the T) and planets. 8. Direct the Moon to mundane parallels with the @ and planets.

-The meridian and horizon are. to which a wise Providence may dispose us for the greater ends of life. and 9." . and no doubt it does require patience and method. rather than pray that what is foreordained by the laws of life in regard to the inscrutable ends thereof. though these latter terms really refer to the ecliptic degrees which. Follow the same order as for Mundane Directions. A longitude is never directed to a body. and breakers-or. But once done it serves for a lifetime. and that the meridian and horizon are in this sense regarded as bodies. they leave the vital soul unhurt. and to redouble our efforts when under benefic influences." for "the wise man foreseeth the evil and hideth himself the ignorant pass on and are hurt. Direct the Moon to rapt parallels with the 0 and planets. let us say with the Psalmist : " Teach me the number of my days that I may apply my heart unto wisdom. which are not formed in the zodiac. so that. may be averted. if not able to do this. Take next the Zodiacal Directions. sandbanks. and so to order our affairs wisely and bring our lives to a peaceful end. This completes the Mundane Directions. 8. at least to make proper provision against the evil hour. occupy those angles. 7. at birth. Therefore. are dulled by a philosophic anticipation. a point to be remembered. which is not the case with the zodiacal positions associated with them at the moment of a nativity. cutting less deeply. Note. The meridian and horizon have fixed relations to the place of birth. called the Mid-heaven and Ascendant. and the keen edge of many afflictions. for convenience.9. Remember that in Zodiacal Directions a body is always moved to a longitude to form a conjunction or aspect. we may wisely direct our course in such way as to beware of dangerous shoals. All this may appear very tedious. omitting classes 6 . more especially when. by the possession of such a chart. 11. Sudden death cannot overtake the man who foresees his end years in advance.

and disposes to the use of narcotics. U~~Nus. trine. position. The ASCENDANT MOON and hold general signification of health. credit.-Sudden and unexpected events transpire +. and voluntary or enforced seclusion frequently follows. quintile. and Mercury when radically affected by ill aspects).C H A P T E R XII. Moon. etc. sesquiquadrate. <y (and of the Sun. The MID-HEAVEN the S U N and have general signification of honour. The good aspects of Neptune bring benefits connected with art and the exercise of special faculty. THEEFFECTS DIRECTIONS OF OBSERVE house originally occupied by the body the that is moved to form the aspect. I t produces an involved state of affairs. N~pTuN~.-Events due to this planet are chaotic and mysterious. . and the opposition of all planets. changes and personal fortunes. and Mercury in conjunction or parallel are also benefic when well aspected at birth. The Sun. That house to which the body moves in order to form the Arc of Direction is also of some significance. denote evil effects. Good Aspects : the sextile. the conjunction and parallel of y . the The SUN MOON denotes the mother and female relatives. fraud or imposition. Evil Aspects. and take this as a general indication of the source of good or evil. denotes the father and male relatives. Moon. Its influence is seductive. sometimes due to treachery. biquintile.. such as the square. and family fortunes. I#. sybaritic. as also the sign to which it is radically related. the conjunction and parallel of the henefics. denote good effects.

burns. The MOON brings changes. governing bodies. H e hurts by cold.. Its good aspects give favours from governmental and civic bodies. masters. cuts. Also theft or loss by fire or other sudden disaster or loss. contraction. has he gives one plenty of time for reflecting. and evils resulting from young females. etc. in advancement. estrangements. I t increases the executive powers and stimulates to expression of inherent faculty when in good aspect." and disposing to what is popularly known as "the swollen head. honours. broken bones. etc. confidence. also fevers and reversal of fortune. congestion. His ill aspects bring losses. abrasions. errors of judgment. and decision. disappointment. grief. 'domestic trouble. daring. bereavement and accidents are attributed to its aspects. His evil aspects bring loss of blood. Favours from aged persons or benefits from old associations may be expected from his good aspects. VENUShas chief influence in domestic affairs. insensibility. priests and nobles. etc. H e hurts by excess. Its conjunction or good aspect denotes engagement or marriage. Military men. and by his evil aspects displeasure of superiors. His good effects are lasting and the planet has a steadying influence on the fortunes. romantic episodes. when he afflicts. and benefits or troubles . enterprise. Strange coincidences. or the birth of a child if married. privation. surfeit. giving "too much of a good thing. marines. and inflammatory action in the body. surgeons. ' The SUN brings honours and advancement by his good aspects . Its evil aspects are productive of bereavement. and workers in fire and iron are under his influence. vanity or excessive confidence. JUPITER good aspect brings increase of fortune. SATURN a lingering influence and. and obstruction .under the influence of this planet.and social life.. and is the signification of the affections. when not depressing. disfavour of judges. sometimes by blows from heavy bodies or by falls producing contusion. and good judgment in affairs of life." MARS brings activity.

If Mercury at birth be in closest aspect to a benefic its conjunctions and good aspects will be much enjoyed . increase of business.. 5g0xg' should register its effects promptly. Its good aspects bring activity. its conjunction. of its process of formation. z. A careful study of the nature of a direction. and its evil aspects produce worry.e. 53'33' should be more lasting in effect. Thus. evil news..through females of mature years. THE M E A S U R E O F TIME Allow one year for every degree of the Arc of Direction and one month for every five minutes. but if associated with a malefic at birth. while @ 6 Ascendant zod. as then the sign Scorpio would be associated with the horizon and is a sign of long ascension. owing to Pisces. the longer will its effects be noticeable. sleeplessness. while those from signs of long ascension are slower in passing the horizon : as. aspects to the Ascendant from signs of short ascension are rapid in formation and dissolution. is the only key to a correct time-measure of the duration of effects. The longer a body may be in the process of forming an arc of direction. etc. being then on the Ascendant. public bodies. . MERCURY controlled in its effects by that planet to is which it is in nearest aspect at birth. for example. gain by writing. and it may even prove to be the messenger of death. d. parallel or evil aspect can work great ill. according to its aspect. a sign of short ascension. by the ruler of the sign it occupies. irregularity of life. T) 8 Ascendant in zod. not infrequently beginning to operate several months before the climax of the Direction. profitable journeys. in the Royal Horoscope. and the populace. annoyances. or if in no aspect.

and those also preceding and following it. square T) zod.C. if z0d. 0 I Uranus conjunct. and mundo 59'42'-43'. Sun opposit. mundo Ascdt. 1901. 0 oppos. Mid-heaven square 0 mundo M. 1) zod. \ zod. I Nreviewing the Arcs of Direction which have been used in illustration of our subject. conjunct. mundo M. ASC.C. 8 D zed. =5g019' That of Sipido's attempt upon the King's life measures to 58'25'. Saturn semi-square Asc. Ascdt. requires an arc of 5g045'. and the array is certainly startling. it is impossible at this date to overlook the extreme significance of those attending the death of Queen Victoria.CHAPTER XIII. and this is close to the Directions of Saturn to the M. Saturn conjunct. This very untoward series of Directions could not fail .=58~21' The death of the Empress Frederic (Princess ~ o y a l ) which occurredin August. Lhave collected them into order of their formation. -0 zod. Ascdt. mundo - - - -- 56 57 58 58 58 58 59 59 59 59 59 51 47 I3 21 38 58 18 I9 22 42 43 The Arc of Direction for the King's age at the date of Queen Victoria's death is 5g014'. in zod. if mundo S u n opposit. semi-square if zod. if zod. opposit. M. conjunct. Asc.C.C.

seeing that they are not formed in the plane of the Ecliptic. the Eclipse of Sun in November. t fell in still closer opposition to the radical Sun. who constructed them for the purpose of astrological calculations. T h e effects of Eclipses upon important places in the horoscopes cannot be overestimated as they have a most baneful action upon the health and fortunes. the prophet and interpreter of stellar influence. before Arc of Ascendant which there is an Eclipse of the Sun close to the Sun's place a t the nativity. in the case of Empress Frederic. tangents. but to zodiacal places in the circle of observation. as are Secondary or Progressive Directions. and in the preparation of astronomical tables. 1901. etc. may a t first come awkwardly to the hand of the novice. 1840) and that of May. T h e use of logarithms of sines.t o produce a succession of very disastrous effects. but they a r e of such help to the mathematician in the construction of a speculum from the Ephemeris. Thus. I have in these pages illustrated every kind of direction that can legitimately be said to result from the apparent motion of the heavens in regard to a particular place of observation. Kepler. when a mere boy. T h e T) extends to February. I use this latter term with all reserve. that of .. picked up a second-hand work on Astrology and was so fascinated thereby that he commenced the study of Astronomy the better to master the book of Destiny. 1900. H e delivered much prophetic writing which the learned men of the University have thought it expedient to shelve ! T h e world has barely seen that other Sir Isaac. 1902. and in the same way we owe the comparative accuracy of our Ephemerides to the researches of Sir Isaac Newton. who demonstrated the Law of Areas. If the axial rotation of the Earth from West to EaGt be kept in view it is quite in~possible that the student can make topsy-turvydom of either mundane or zodiacal Directions. and that they are as much mundane as the others so named. who. This boon we owe to Baron Napier of Murchiston. fell close to the Sun's place a t her birth ( ~ 1 s November. as to be practically in* dispensable.

Elliptic orbits. and the law of periodic squares. *So also did Tycho Brahe. and having convinced himself of the truth of the Science. H e invited Kepler to assist him in his great work. and competent in every way to form an unbiassed opinion in a matter 'of this nature. and died while it was yet unfinished. which aims solely. The student may concern himself.hesays-of mundane eventsin harmony with the changes occurring in the heavens. that the reader is in such honourable company. compelled against his inclination to a belief in Astrology ! H e calculated horoscopes for many illustrious contemporaries." Here is a master-mind. whose Rudolphine Tables are the model of those used by advanced astronomers to-day. at a clear exposition of the true method of calculating arcs of direction. the famous [Danish Astronomer. let him not be ashamed to declare it. Seeing then.of natural phenomena. But I have too much respect for the critic not to lay my finger upon possible points of debate before handing my work over to his tender mercies. let him persevere in his studies. with them o r not a s he pleases. confesses that constant observation-'' A n unfailing experience. had "instructed and compelled . The contents of the following chapters form no part of the original plan of this work upon Prognostic Astronomy.his unwilling belief. used t o the observation." . . For many years he subsisted solely upon the proceeds of his horoscopical work.

land and house property. In Astrology it is held to denote property of all kinds. though by astronomers it is sometimes used to signify the Earth. @ s. but solely with those made in the circle of observation.roO~o' any measures made in tire plane of the Elliptic. but chiefly goods and chattels. D Long. Asc. The rule is therefore as follows : . the prime vertical. 0 ' 8 27 37 5 29 27 -But in Primary-Direction we are not concerned with 7 -10 - 14 27 4 7 16 54 io=in. Long. THEPart of Fortune or Lunar point is an ancient I Egyptian symbol @ used as a hieroglyphic t o express 4' propertyy' or "'territory. The method of computing its position in the horoscope is a matter of discussion.CHAPTER XIV.e. 0 Long. and subtract from their sum the longitude of the Sun. The rule for finding its Ecliptic position is as follows : Rule-Add together the longitude of the Ascendant and the longitude of the Moon.. Thus in the Royal Horoscope : Long. Some authors take its Ecliptic position and this would be correct if directions are made i n the plane of the Ecliptic as are Progressive or Secondary directions." and is so preserved in use by astrologers at the present day. i.

the above distance 50~18'will be that of @ above the horizon. Hence.A.42586 9.. 0 1 3 58 3 8 5 28 . -- -- 0 I @ 85 . D 32 37 - - -D 50 18 - . 85'28'. it is above the horizon. measured in the circle of observation.- -- @ 35 19 210 27 R.11018 -32348 I -00780 D 1 7 ' 41 . of @ 245 37 .28 @ 50 18 R.57414 1. From the conjunction to opposition of the luminaries the @ is under the horizon.A.* (a. diurnal if @ be above the horizon. Dist. In this case the @ is above the horizon and therefore has the Moon's semi-arc diurnal. as the Moon is going to the conjunction. d 0 m. Semi-arc Prop.) .c. Bring the Moon in the Royal Horoscope to conjunction with Sun in mundo. Semi-arc Mer. Arc Mer. the @ would be exactly on the Ascendant. Dist 1st Dist. If the Moon were in opposition to Sun then @ would be on the west horizon. viz. con.. so is that of the Part of Fortune to the Eastern horizon. If the Moon were in conjunction with the Sun in mundo. Dist.As the Moon's position is to the Sun's. Hence we have Horizontal Arc @ 50°18' Now the semi-arc of the Part of Fortune is always that of the Moon. Then Semi-arc Hor. W e have therefore to find what space intervenes between the Sun and Moon as seen from the place of birth. and from the opposition to the conjunction. Arc of Direction 0 6 7 31 log. and nocturnal if below it. of KC.

Dist.) 9'67652 *70914 . 1 Semi-Arc \ Hor. The. B u t a s all directions to the P a r t of Fortune must. This aspect will fall in the eighth house.A.As the @ has the same semi-arc a s the D. I may now give one or two instances of directions to @ . -- 26 31 ~ fd . being the space of these houses measured on the semi-arc of the Moon. 1st Dist. Semi-arc ' V. on this basis.it must also have the same declination.49385 . 1 Mtr. the longitude is not required. ' .87951 @ 28 log. @ is therefore in the eleventh house. 3 2 3 45 3 5 0 16 11 Arc of Direction 2. if required. A n \ Cvf Dill. be mundane. Bring q to conjunction Semi-arc @85 @ in mundo. EXAMPLES I. Bring the Moon to the square aspect of a. 3OS. -32348 (ax.57 @35 44 Prop. and we are therefore able to obtain its longitude. viz.36'. But as the semi-arc of the Moon and are the same we merely take the cuspal distance of the @ from the DS distanceto the eighth cusp. 64' from '1 i t s cusp.. Dill. Dist. 10 11 8 1 Mer. T h e following are the requisite elements of the PART O F F O R T U N E K.

unless by the word we under- . I t seems to me to be utterly beside the mark to regard the Part of Fortune as a ? myth" because it has no tangible existence.) 9. Arc of Direction @ 6 41 g 9 5 37 I.38154.67652 1-43028 "27474 1. The aspect falls in the second house. Semi-arc @85 28 log.Semi-arc Mer. 1st Dist. from the cusp of which Uranus is situate 24O58'. and in regard to transits. Dist. I should simply take the longitude of the Part of Fortune. but position of longitude in the prime vertical. the basis is entirely different. Bring Uranus to the square of @ in mundo. as being strictly in harmony with the basic principles of Primary Directions. 0 . on a semi-arc of 95O37'. - - 0 - D56 59 D32 57 24 22 6 41 I7 41 D from 8th cusp @ from n t h cusp -- Arc of Direction D a@ 3. I a m sure that this is the correct point to observe. Dist. lunations and eclipses. in the mundane system of directions. I n any system in which. difference of longitude is the basis of measurement. Semi-arc Prop. I t is no longer mere longitude. Dist.c.' -32348 (a. 91 3 7 29 17 29 M24 58 Ã - M a@ I believe that the above method of computing the place of @ is the only true method. Cusp. Here. however.

there has been considerable tearing down and throwing about of good material by certain writers on this subject. is the Mid-heaven or Ascendant but a particular degree of the Ecliptic which at the moment of birth happens t o be upon the meridian or horizon. after all. under the pretext of building up the science. as the ancient mythos and symbol always did. And what is this " degree " ifknot an intangible point. For what. a mathematical unit of space in an imaginary circle ? Yet what observer would deny the influence of these particular degrees or their specific signification ? I am afraid that. .stand a veil " hiding some great truth.

EarWs centre. Place on Earth's surface. i t s A . . Moon's Observed long. But the place o f observation being on t h e surface of the Earth and not at its centre. THE apparent places of the planets given in t h e Ephemeris are computed from the standpoint of an observer supposed to be situated at the centre of the Earth.C H A P T E R XV. their distances from the Earth are so great as to render this difference between their geocentric and observed positions of practically no account. will affect the observed position of the various bodies. But in regard to the Moon. &nthe case. D. B. C. Moon's Geocentric long. of the Sun and planets.

and in the course of a year the Apogee of the Moon is actually advanced in the zodiac by 40~53'45". Hence. The Horizontal Parallax of the Moon is given in the Nautical Almanac each day for n o o n a n d midnight. and it has to be corrected to the hour angle of the Moon at any moment. and consequently on its distance from the Earth. nearest the Earth. while a t Perigee the mean Parallax is 60'19" and varies but little more than 1'. As. i. if we are to regard the Moon as effecting its influence by direct rays from its observed position t o the place of observation.. The above sketch will show how the semi-diameter of the Earth effects the apparent position of the Moon. however. . the Horizontal Parallax of the Moon is an irregular quantity s o far as the Calendar is concerned. proportionately much further from the Earth than the sketch indicates. while the Moon's mean longitude is increased daily by I 3O10'35". or farthest from Earth.nearness to the Earth renders the parallax of importance. all respectable Almanacs give the dates in eachmonth when the I) is in Perigee and Apogee. The longitude at which the Moon is farthest from the Earth is known as its Apogee. the Apogee of the Moon is moving forward at 6'35'' per day. and least when in Apogee. is the Moon's Anomaly. an approximation to within a minute of space can be made in regard to the1)'s Parallax at any date. The Moon is.e. consequently. that the Horizontal Parallax I) is given as 54' at noon on a particular day of the year. For at the Apogee the mean Parallax is 54'4" and does not vary more than a few seconds. for instance. The effect is exaggerated for the purpose of illustration. The Parallax depends on the Moon's place in its orbit. The Parallax is of course greatest when the Moon is in Perigee. of course.. measured on the Ecliptic. its observed position will differ from its geocentric position by 54'. This means that at Greenwich noon the position of the T) in its orbit is such that wherever it may be on the horizon at that time. and from this point to its longitude at any date. This Anomaly is increased daily by 13~4'nearly. Supposing.

Feb. Epoch = o Jan. . ANOMALISTIC TABLES. Dec. Sept. om. Nov.3 11 22 24 I0 57 40 24 7 54 38 Months add Jan. oh. 2 0 28 5 27 8 26 0 7 3 6 6 43 27 10 5 4 0 15 3 I4 6 . 1800-Anomaly's gs.The following Anomalistic Table will render the calculation of the place of the Moon's Apogee a matter of simple addition and subtraction. 1 3 21 1 9 46 7 23 7 2 19 32 9 2 53 9 1 2 9 18 1 2 39 5 9 . od. 20' 20' Years add - Days add I s. Oct. March April May June July ' Aug.

which I have invented for the purposes of this treatise. ANOMALY Epoch 1800 Add go I. 15th . Anom. 1901 Moon's long. let us find the Parallax for the 9th 'November. Let us test the Tables by this statement. 0 r - Place of Apogee 7 13 22 Here we find by the Anomaly that the Moon is just past its Apogee at noon on the 15th October. 11 10 I October - s. As in this place we are concerned specially with the Royal Horoscope. . : Recollecting then that the Anomaly of a body is its distance in longitude from its Apogee. . 1841. the longitude of the Apogee being 1 ~ 1 3 ~ . 1901. 15th October.W e may take an example of the use of these Tables. we may at ones find the Horizontal Parallax for this Anomaly by means of the following Chord of Parallax. I t is stated in the Almanac for 1901 that the Moon is in Apogee on the 15th October.

This.92546 9-75714 . then. ' 1841 November 9th - 8 35 45 3 27 35 0 3 Anomaly = 7 17 '55 W e find. which gives the Moon's Zenith distance a t southing as 55O8'.go0. This will form the base of a right-angled triangle.61~53'=28~7'.. a t which distance we have found the Parallax to be 5g1. with an hour-angle of 32'37' W.- 9. by reference t o the Chord of Parallax that the D'S Horizontal Parallax with this Anomaly is 59'. The Moon's true zenith-distance at southing was .- -- .Epoch 1800 Add 40 II I . It is just below the cusp of the ninth house. to find the Parallax due to the Moon's position a t the Royal Nativity. making its zenith distance by observation 6i053'. cos.. horizon to the extent of 4or.68260 The horizon being at all points goo from the zenith. we must find by proportion the Parallax due to the Moon at a zenith distance of 61~13'. As go0 : 59' : : 61~13'.W. whose base will be the Moon's meridian distance 3 ~ ~ 3 7 ' W e have to find the length of the hypotenuse . 3'7 23' 9. and its altitude . will be the second part of our problem. 6i013' Log. cos. + Log. The Moon is not. T h e latitude of the place of observation is 51~32' to which we add the Moon's declination S. N. 40' The Moon will therefore be depressed by Parallax toward the S. on the horizon. and this will give us the Moon's Zenith distance at the moment of birth. COS. 55O8' = Log. - 9 2 2 20 20 19 32 28 43 ?I . 3O26'. in degrees and minutes of a circle.

i. 33Oi1' less 32O37' its true meridian distance. is controlled by its distance from the Earth. 8 I) last contact 5g035' The following Table may be useful : Asc. As all directions are made to the centre of a body. and having shown the method of calculating the parallactic angle. 8 T> first contact 5g0 3' Asc.e.5s08' and by adding the proportion of Parallax due t o this distance. the distance between its limb or outer edge and the centre of its disc. taking the direct rays of the body to the place of birth as operative. 6i053' 9. SEMI-DIAMETERS The Moon's apparent semi-diameter. I t varies from 14'44" to 16'45" and hence its apparent diameter will be between 29'28" and 33'30". we have its observed zenith distance at southing 55O44'. cos. just as is Parallax.67327 Log.observation on the surface of the earth. 55O44' 9-75054 - This observed meridian distance. cos. If we admit Parallax as a factor in Primary Directions. But this part of the enquiry I must leave to those who have time and inclination to pursue it. this would be extended from first to last contact thus : Asc. I leave it an open question. Thus in the Direction Asc. viz.. shows a difference of 34' between a calculation of the Moon's Right Ascension from a geocentric position and its Right Ascension taken from . 8 T) 5g019'. then the observed place of the Moon must be the point dealt with in calculating the arcs oi direction. and to add the same quantity to the arc to obtain the last contact. instead of the influence being via the Earth's centre. Then to obtain its observed meridian distance or hour-angle : Log. 8 D zod. 36'.. it 7 may reasonably be allowed in practice to take 15' to 1 ' from the Arc of Direction to obtain the first contact. 5919' .

.2729 Parallax Semi-diameter - - 60' 56' 54' 55' 57' 58' 59' ------55' 16'22'~ 14'44" 15'1" 15'17" 15'33" 1 ' 0 ' 16'6~~ Similarly the Sun's disc has an apparent semi-diameter. as are also their parallaxes. varying from 15'46" at Apogee to I 61 8" at' Perigee. and ' in this case it will be sufficientif we apply only its mean 6 semi-diameter 1 ' to the Arc of Direction.I) Semi-diameter = Parallax 1 x . . The semi-diameters of the planets are inconsiderable.

and by employing this uniform division of the semi-arc. we undoubtedly sacrifice a moiety of truth upon the altar of convention.CHAPTER XVI. ALTHOUGH is the custom to account one-third of a it planet's semi-arc as its house-space. yet in effect it is not actually s o . ' That the time taken by a planet to pass from the cusp of one house to that of the next is not uniformly one-third of its semi-arc is evident from the fact that the semi-arc of a planet. being parallel to the Equator. does not lie in the same plane as the Circle of Observa- .

and 102'5' from M to D. 7. and the point D is the Moon's ascensional difference due to its declination North.S.C.C. T h e Moon's Meridian Distance M-T) is 65'25'.. is the Circle of Observation in Latitude ~ 2 ~ 2N. is parallel to the Equator. Its nocturnal arc 77O54' extends from D to C. that is from the meridian to the point where the Moon sets on the W. and is divided into twelve equal parts (six only are shown) by circles which converge and intersect at points ~ 7 ~ 3 N. 5.C. The rotation of the Earth on its axis from W.. being themselves a t equal distance from one another. such as is effected to produce the " Houses. -I. The Circle M. etc.) cannot cut it into equal parts. H 8 H. of the Equator. and 4. horizon H-H. This semi-arc." will not effect an equal division of any concentric circle except such as lie in the same plane. These divisions are the houses numbered 10. Now it will be quite clear that as the D'S semi-arc is not in the same plane as the Circle of Observation. 9. M. of which one half only is shown.' and 2 S.C. the circles representing the cusps of the houses ( H g H. That portion of its arc between the axis N. or such as lie in planes that are parallel to it.tion (or Prime Vertical) which cuts the Equator at an angle equal to the latitude of the place of observation. although the whole semi-arc of the T) 102~5'is equivalent to the space of three houses or go0 of the Circle of Observa- . 8. The Moon's place is shown near the cusp of the eighth house on a semi-arc MD that is g08' N. 6. to E. of the Equator. Had the Moon been on the Equator its diurnal and nocturnal semi-arcs would have been equal. Hence an equal division of the Circle of Observation. as is the case with the Sun at the Equinoxes. Hence. makes the Moon appear to pass from the Meridian at M to the Horizon at D along the arc M T) D. like that of Uranus above it and of Mars below it. which is its diurnal semi-arc.-I. nor in a plane that is parallel to it. ' 8 I t c u t s t h e Equator at that angle. The foregoing diagram represents one hemisphere of the heavens reduced to the Earth's circumference.

tang.. The formula and calculation are as follows :- + Log.tion. 52O28'. since the T) cuts into the cusp of each house at a different obliquity. tang. by taking its ascensional difference under the polar elevation of the ninth and eighth. sine (& of 34O24'=) 11~28' - - - g'zgS41 10-36239 = Log. cotang. and the pole of the first and seventh is that of the latitude of place of observation. the amount of its semi-arc intercepted by the cusps.O. and add it to 30° just as. I n order. of the Equator. and the space of its semi-arc intercepted. The I> is moving in an arc g08' N. we must calculate the obliquity of the Moon's arc under the polar elevation of each cusp. Pole of 3rd. 8th.66080 + Log. cot. we take the Moon's Ascensional Difference under the pole of the first or seventh and add it to go0. Lat.O. yet each house will not comprise 34O2'. therefore. 11th' 24O36' 9. 5th. tang. Pole of 2nd.e. Diff. 23'28' Log.36239 = Log. i.75211 = Log. gth. of Place 5z028' Log. n t h . 23'28' Log. tang. sine (3 of 34'24'=) 22'56' - 9'59069 10. 41'55' 9. W e now determine the D'S house-space. sine Asc. 6th. E. to find the point at which the Moon cuts into the cusp of each house successively.95308 The meridian (tenth and fourth) has no obliquity. of Tropics 34'24' + Log. E. . in order to find its whole semi-arc. or onethird of the T)'S semi-arc. Ecliptic Obliquity 23'28' = - 9-63761 10-11450 9.

instead of a uniform space of 34O2' we have a different space of the Moon's arc in each house. + J) 52 28 g 8 12 = Log. Declin. sine Asc. In ninth 34'13'~ in eighth 34O5I9 in seventh 33O47'. Pole 7th Log.Therefore. In order to find the Moon's position. tang. give the whole semi-arc 102'5'. . Add I House Arc in 9th House = 34 13 - Log. ninth. to which all mundane directions will be made. Pole 8th + Log. we take .Then : 0 I Log. tang. sine Asc. tang. Declin. Add 2 Houses Arc in 9th and 8th Arc in 9th Arc in 8th House = J) 41 55 g 8 60 8 18 o 68 18 34 I3 34 5 Log. Diff. Diff. = Log. Pole 9th Log. eighth and seventh. tang. 5 68 18 33 47 W e now have the true arc of the Moon in each of the three houses. sine Asc. + D J) 24 36 g 8 4 13 30 0 = Log. tang. tang. and these. added together. Declin. Diff. Add 3 Houses go 102 5 o Arc in 8th and 9th Arc in 7th House .

The Oblique Descension of the eighth house cusp is Right Ascension of Mid-heaven 208~45'. I might have taken any other planet.60° 148'45'. Note.T) Space in 8th and 9th Less Mer.Meridian Distance 65O25') =203g1. Consequently the curved arc of the Moon between the ninth cusp and the meridian appears shorter than that between the cusp of the eighth and point D on the horizon.. This will entail disproving the ordinary equal division of the semi-arc. . moving on an arc 23O1g' N.and its position and house-space would be found to be similarly incorrect as calculated by the method of Placidus.-In the preceding diagram. and will throw out all mundane directions made to the Moon's place. It only affects its cuspal distance. Uranus. 68 18 65 25 2 from 8th cusp 53 There is here a difference of 1 ' from the distance as 4 usually calculated. Now let us prove this unequal division of the semiarc to be a fact. 2O39' which represents a period of three months. the whole basis of mundane directions is in need of a revision. as well a s those of the Moon to the mundane sextile Mid-heaven and mundane trine Ascendant. Postulate: When the body of a planet is on the cusp of a house it must have the same oblique ascension or descension as that cusp. while in reality it is longer. Semi-arc 102'5'~ The T) has Right Ascension 1 4 3 ~ 2 0 ~ ~ and Meridian Distance 65O25'. But inasmuch as all the planets are similarly affected in proportion to the obliquity of their semi-arcs to the Circle of Observation. Its distance from the cusp of eighth is (8Semi-arc 68O4' . Take the ordinary method first.. J) J) 's Dist. Dist. for example. viz. This true computation of the house-space does not affect the meridian distance or semi-arc of the D. the reader is supposed to be looking at the spherical body of the Earth from a position in space outside of it.

When the T) was on the cusp of the ninth. Desc.A. Now take the method of unequal division. from cusp of 8th Add this to R. of M. Desc. of Moon - - Dist.A of M.A.A.C. of Mid-heaven when I) is on cusp of the 8th Take 60' for Obi. of 8th at Direction Obi. Desc. while the ordinary method gives 3 4 O 2 ' . 0 I House-space in 8th Distance from cusp I) 's . Desc.C.A. required . of T) under Pole of 8th - 151 38 151 38 - - Take another example.C. of D under Pole of 8th = = 151 24 151 38 Diff. below 9th 31 From R. which we have found to be 3 4 O 1 3 ' . of 8th at Direction Obi. Desc. when JI was on the 9th cusp R. Take (as above) - - - 208 45 31 12 I77 33 143 20 34 13 R. which is undoubtedly the true method. - 14 This is exactly the same as we found before when calculating the true house-space of Moon. its meridian distance must have been the same as its house-space.Add z03g' to bring the eighth cusp and obtain J) to a conjunction with the 0 I Obi. of M. of 8th - 211 60 38 o Obi. 0 I D 's Dist. - - 2 53 208 45 R. - - 34 2 5 53 12 Dist.

No further proof is needed. and by subtracting this arc from 60°its arc in the third and fourth houses will be found. that the student should take out the distances of the planets under the pole of those houses t o the cusps of which they are applying at birth. N. Having also its arc in the eighth. of Ecliptic = 2'7 32' Having obtained the arc of a planet in the ninth its arc in the tenth will be the same. T h e elevation due to the fractional parts can be found by proportion. and. T h e arc for the twelfth and seventh is the same. There can be little doubt 'that a true system of Primary Directions can only be evolved from a close adherence to astronomical principles of calculation. by taking it from 60' we have the arc for the . 6th 8th 1 2 t h Obi. A table of the Poles of the houses for every even degree of latitude between 45' and 55O is here annexed. Lat. I t will be well. and the a r c for the second and fifth will be found by taking it from 60'. however. that in the eleventh will be the same. 1 POLAR ELEVATION 3rd 5thl 9th 11th 1 2nd. and anything like loose figuring in a system which is .first and sixth.

as is frequently the case. an event of great importance has been signified chiefly by a mundane arc of Direction. .purely mathematical. other arcs do not synchronise with the events they are held to signify. will only end in dissatisfaction. But when. rectification from that event by the old method of equal house-space could only make doubt more doubtful still. And perhaps this accounts for the general experience. Fortunately for the science. that when a nativity has been rectified so as to make an appropriate arc of direction coincide with a specific event. Consequently a very good show has always been possible with expert knowledge of the system. I trust that in the hands of experienced and patient workers. these suggestions will bear fruit such as one may conscientiously dedicate to the cause of Truth. the Zodiacal Directions which belong to this system do not come under the same imputation of inaccuracy and are far more numerous than those in mundo.

4) where we found the arc of direction to be 5g0ig'. Rule: Divide the degrees by . ALTHOUGHis certainly a fact that the influence of a it planet or luminary is perpetually vested in the place (mundane or zodiacal) originally held by that body. a s the influence of these bodies is continuous after the moment of birth as before it. yet. Within the space of six hours. This will apply also to the minor planets when retrograde. Take the mundane arc 52'51' first. or an arc of go0. W e have already directed the Moon's longitude to the western horizon (Chap. During the time taken in the formation of these arcs the Moon will be moving forward in the zodiac.. Let us take an illustration of the second distance of the Moon in the royal horoscope.CHAPTER XVII. nor will their semi-arcs have undergone any appreciable change by difference of declination. In the case of the Moon. the Right Ascensions of the major bodies will not have materially altered. increasing its Right Ascension. The ecliptic longitude and the Right Ascension of the Moon at the time of its setting have to be found. and its declination south. ex. and convert it into time =3h. The speculum shows us that the direction of the Moon's body in mundo to the same point measures an arc of 5~~51'. attention should be given to their actual positions at the time they form a conjunction or aspect by direction. X. however. 24s. 3103. a material alteration of Right Ascension will be effected in even the space of half-an-hour.

sine Semi-arc T).at setting. .15 and call the result hours. (as before) o 52 3 36 increment 1st Declin. Thus : The Nautical Almanac. Asc. by means of the Ephemeris . T h e Moon's diurnal motion is 13~49'.. .8341 1-4386 4 28 51 32 5 39 90 0 84 21 log.31m. DV29 27 DA I 28 T h e Moon's Declination increases 0 I 5 58 in 24 hrs. Multiply the remainder by 4 and call them seconds of time.? 13 49 log. 2 - 3398 -8341 1. Whitaker's Almanack and some other publications give a Table for converting Time into Equatorial Degrees and the reverse of this. Multiply the remainder by 4 and call them minutes.0739 I .Go45 . tang. Diff. 3h. 31m. W e must now find the increase of the Moon's longitude and declination for 3h. Then divide the minutes of space by 15 and call them minutes of time... 3h. . *I IS 8-89274 10-09991 8-99265 - . Using diurnal proportional logarithms we have : Diurnal motion Time Acceleration 1st Long. and thence take its corrected Right Ascension and semi-arc. 2nd . . 2nd Latit.. . - - log. 31m.

210 27 D 29 49 D 84 21 54 32 52 51 1 .) 0. 1841. of time elapses between the setting of the Moon's place a s seen from London at 10.E. Arc = 4 28 log. (2nd) Cos.999858 9. Dist. (1st position) W e have therefore an arc of i04i' (corresponding to an interval of one year and eight months). 0 180 38 o ~ 1 8 038 Q.A. along with parallax. I t may help.Now for the Right Ascension : 0 I Cos. R.998679 (a. W e have already found the arc of the Moon to opposition Ascendant in zodiac to be 59' 19'. of M. and why some directions continue so long in effect. 9th November.999974 A 4 16 . Declin. This . Let us now take the direction of the Moon in the zodiac. (2nd position) D 8 Asc. or in other words: an interval of 6m. Libra = R.c. Long.m.. R. to explain why the directions of the Moon to important places in the horoscope are sometimes void of any apparent effect at the ascribed time. Venus.. Cos.F.001321 9'998795 9.C. 9. 44s. No doubt they play some part in the general imputation of fickleness levelled against '' fair Cynthia " by astute observers of her influence. Mer. between the opposition of the Moon's radical place in mundo and the opposition of 1)'s body. Lat.A.A. and smaller differences will be due on the same account to Mercury. Sun and Mars. Semi-arc Hor.41 - 1) 8 Asc. Cos.48 a.. Arc = Hor. for the second distance. This observation institutes a series of double directions in the case of the Moon. and the actual setting of the Moon's centre on the same date. I 28 .

we have a still further range of influence. zod. 2 16 D"W9 27 - -2398 . Ascdt. D+ 1 43 The Obi. 1894.. - 56 44& 7 25 53 41& 1 41 59 474 0 57 - . Ascdt. zod. a t setting oppos. horizon = 60 16 Collating all these arcs : place Radix oppos.7836 2nd Long... 81 st . 57m. Desc. thus. m. of 7th House Arc of D long. T> 's long. 7)'s long. to W. Radix oppos. Ascdt. 16s. to oppos. 1902. If the true arc for the Moon's setting be reduced by parallax.. 13 49 log. 3h.corresponds to 3h.:- . . Asc. to February. Asc. during which the Moon can legitimately be said to affect the fortunes by its opposition to the Ascendant. and we now find the Moon's increase of longitude for this interval. 5)'sbody T) 's - - 52 54 59 60 51 32 I9 16 Total Range of Arc Mean mundane Arc Range of . fl Mean zodiacal Range of . 0 I Diurnal motion Time Acceleration 1st Long. Ascdt. Desc. of this point Obi.* - - W e have here a total arc of 7'25' ranging from September. 7) 8 7) 8 2 I Mean Arc 1) 8 Asc. m.57m.

mundo. and the zodiacal increased by Oblique Descension. A survey of the six resulting arcs in reference to the events of life would certainly afford some evidence in favour of one method or another. the mundane directional arcs reduced by Parallax.T) 8 Asc. A large number of cases would have to be taken. . and increased by Right Ascension. and so render "the frequently observed disparity between the Moon's arcs of direction and the corresponding events" a thing of the past. but it cannot possibly be answered from a single instance. Arc Parallax - 0 I 52 51 40 52 11 D 's place sets by observation T) ' true setting. Arc s Horizon Parallax D'S 54 32 59 53 33 body sets by observation The question involved is of extreme interest.


The Declin. .A. .I London I Birming'm V ' For the R. and Asc. Ascen. I Rt. Diff.Declin. of Libra add 10 to the same S 8' degree of Aries. are the same for both.

Ascen. are the same for both. Diff.lo ! I O Birming'm Liverpool I 6 7 8 9 10 K ' For R. The Declin. London I -. of Scorpio add S 180' to the same degree of Taurus.Deg. . 0 t ..A. and Asc. 0 Declin.- 0 1 2 3 4 5 11 11 12 12 12 13 29 50 10 31 51 12 .

and Asc. . London Birming'm Liverpool 0 I I - 20 20 20 20 20 21 21 21 21 21 21 10 22 35 46 57 8 19 29 39 49 58 -64 65 66 67 68 7 10 14 18 22 67 58 59 60 62 63 49 52 54 57 0 3 27 27 28 28 28 29 29 29 29 30 30 31 52 12 31 49 8 25 42 59 15 30 29 30 30 30 31 31 39 1 23 44 4 24 fSS" For the R.Declin. The Declin. Ascen. of Sagittarius add 180°t the . are the same for both. 0 -0 1 0 1 Rt. Diff.A. same degree of Gemini.

A.Declin. . same degree of Cancer. Rt.- 0 5 1 1 16 22 27 32 38 48 48 53 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 85 35 35 34 34 34 34 34 46 45 44 42 39 35 30 24 17 10 1 52 42 31 20 7 -- 101 58 103 3 104 8 105 12 106 17 107 108 109 110 Ill 21 26 30 34 38 -38 33 33 33 32 32 32 32 31 31 54 40 26 10 54 37 20 2 43 24 112 113 114 115 116 42 46 50 53 57 KS" For the R. are the same for both. Diff. 0 London Liverpool 0 I I 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 . of Capricornus add 180Âto the. a n d Asc. Ascen. The Declin.

of Aquarius add 180Q to the same degree of Leo.A. Diff. are the same for both.0 I 29 29 28 28 28 27 27 26 26 25 25 89 16 53 29 5 41 16 61 25 69 33 2S3 For the R. The Declin. and Asc.Liverpool . .

London Liverpool VS' For the R.A. Ascen. Rt. of Pisces add 180Â to the same degree of Virgo. The Declin. Declin. Diff. . and Asc. are the same for both.Deg.


o0 lo 2 O Infinite. 2-25527 4-03342 2.95064 1.24809 3'73239 2-24103 3-55630 2-23408 3'43136 2'22724 3'33445 2-22051 1.94706 1-94352 1'94000 1-93651 .95424 1.


and Asc.A. London 1 ~ i r m i n ~ 'Liverpool m tSS' For the R. . It. are the same for both. The Declin.' Deg. Diff. of Libra add 1 0 to the same 8' degree of Aries. Declin. Ascen.

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