You are on page 1of 17

Pearl GTL

The Project, The Plant & The Products

Sabeur Mansar
Business Development Manager - Qatar Shell
Project
What is gas-to-liquids?
Methane Oxygen
(natural gas) + (from air)

Fischer-Tropsch (FT) distillates


Syngas (normal paraffins)
+
Carbon
Hydrogen
monoxide

water
Project

Pearl GTL overview

• Fully integrated project: “From


reservoir to market”
Ras Laffan
• ~1,600 MMscf/d well head gas

• 140,000 b/d capacity for GTL


products

• 120,000 boe/d upstream


products

• Start-up: first train around end


of the decade
Project

Based on proven technology


… from laboratory to world-scale plant

World scale plant:


Pearl GTL – around end
of decade

Commercial plant: Bintulu 1993

Pilot plant: Amsterdam 1983

Laboratory: Amsterdam – 1970’s


Plant
Onshore dimensions

Process: Construction:

Shaft power consumption 1,200 MW Piping ~100,000 tons


Steam generation 8,000 tons/hr Structural steel 100,000 tons
Equipment 100,000 tons
Catalysts (5 processes) >5,000 tons
Manhours 200 mln+
Workforce 35,000+

Plot Size:

Pearl
GTL
2.5 km2 2.5 km2
Plant

Pearl GTL is truly world scale

• World’s largest GTL plant


• World’s largest oxygen plant built at one time
• World’s largest system for full recovery of industrial process water
• One of the world’s largest hydro-crackers built in one location
Plant
Onshore progress
st GTL Reactor
1st GTL reactor (1200 MT) ready for shipment Feed gas preparation 1foundation
construction (1200 MT)
Ready for
Shipment

Fabrication1stshops in westgenerator
Gas turbine lay down Feed gas preparation pipe rack
area rotor foundations
Plant
Design: By-products Use

Natural
Gas Gas CH4 Syngas
Syngas FischerTropsch
Hydrocracking
Treatment Manufacturing
Manufacturing Synthesis -
+ O2 CO + 2H2 - CH2 -

Sulphur Water
(480 t/day) (~1400 m3/hr)

Deep Treating
Plant cooling Re-use in
Sell R&D System process
Concrete & asphalt

Once-through sea No waste water


water cooling not discharge to sea
required
Plant
Design: Reducing Air Emissions

Natural
Gas Gas CH4 Syngas
Syngas FischerTropsch
Manufacturing Synthesis Hydrocracking
Treatment Manufacturing CO + 2H2 - CH2 -
+ O2

Flue gases Volatile Heat CO2


Hydrocarbons

• > 99% sulphur removed • No operational Recovered & reused On lifecycle basis CO2
• NOx controls venting • Process heating emissions equivalent to
• No operational flaring • Floating roof • Steam for turbo machinery those from a modern and
tanks • Desalination complex refinery
• Vapour recovery
for loading
Plant
GHG Emissions - Life Cycle Analysis
„ Industry LCA studies
Greenhouse Gases
show the GHG (CO2 equivalents)

emissions of a GTL 100%

system to be
comparable to a
complex refinery
system

„ Scope for further 0


REFINERY GTL GTL GTL
improvements Use of products
System - System -
Potential Potential
Transport to users
Production of products (Process (Engine
„ GTL process efficiency Extraction of feedstock Efficiency) Efficiency)

„ Advanced GTL
Products
GTL naphtha
GTL product slate A top quality feedstock for
the petrochemical industry

LPG GTL normal paraffins


Detergent feedstock
Upstream Ethane
products
(120k boe/d) GTL kerosene
Condensate Domestic heating fuel /
trialed as a high
Performance fuel for
aviation & marine
> 1MTPA GTL naphtha applications

GTL normal paraffin


GTL GTL fuel
0.5 MTPA GTL kerosene Superior performance and
products environmentally friendly
fuel for diesel engines.
(140k b/d) > 2MTPA GTL gasoil Pearl GTL will produce
enough fuel for all buses &
taxis in 20 mega cities
> 1MTPA GTL base oils
GTL base oils
Volumes for Pearl GTL Pearl GTL will be world’s
largest manufacturer of top
tier Group III base oils
Products

GTL kerosene for emerging markets - Kenya

In simple wick lamps, GTL


kerosene emits:
•138% more light
• 65% less carbon monoxide
•79% less particulates
Products

GTL kerosene for aircraft

Enhanced engine performance (hotter


Better thermal stability engines)
Zero aromatics – S Reduced soot emissions (contrails & air
Lower luminosity flame quality)
More energy per kg Longer engine life
Air quality improvement Aircraft to weigh less thus require less energy
Reduced lower ground emissions from APU

On 13th November 2007 at the Dubai Air show an agreement


was signed to research and scientifically quantify the benefits
of GTL kerosene in aviation engines.
Products

GTL gasoil for marine applications


Indicative GTL emissions benefit
over conventional marine gasoil
80

Benefit (%)
60

40

20

0
CO2 NOx SOx PM
Emission type Source: Shell

• Significant reduction in key local emissions


• Improved toxicity and biodegradability also a benefit in sensitive marine environments
• On 22nd November 2007, first marine trial with Shell GTL Fuel was launched in Northern
Holland
Products
GTL fuel: A cost effective vehicle fuel solution for mega-
cities
Americas China Other Asia
• 25 mega-cities >10 Mn population; Mexico City Shanghai Tokyo
New York Beijing Osaka
68 mega-cities > 4.5 Mn population Los Angeles Chungking Seoul
Sao Paulo Tianjin Jakarta
Buenos Aires Hong Kong Manila
Rio de Janeiro India Bangkok
San Francisco Bombay Nagoya
Europe Delhi
London Calcutta
Moscow Madras
Paris Bangalore

Mega-cities around the world today


• GTL fuel most beneficial in mega-cities where
air quality is under strain

• Pearl GTL: buses & taxis in > 20 mega-cities

• GTL fuel in dedicated engines for bus & taxi


Shanghai Bus Trials
fleets, can further improve air quality (NOx, PM),
CO2 emissions and fuel economy
PEARL GTL

9 A world-scale Project

9 A state-of-the-art designed Plant

9 And superior Products