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Simply Supported Staircase (Imposed Load = 3.

0kN/m2)
Assumption Symbol
Concrete Grade fcu = 25 N/mm2
Concrete Unit Weight γcu = 24 kN/m3
Concrete Cover c = 25 mm
2
Steel Grade fy = 460 N/mm
Riser R = 178 mm
Tread T = 279 mm
Length of landing LL = 1220 mm
Span/Effective depth ratio l/d = 20
Finishes - = 1.0 kN/m2

Study Case Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 Case 4 Case 5


Span
Total Span Length m 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0
Length for Flight m 2.78 3.28 3.78 4.28 4.78
2
Dead Load (Flight) kN/m 8.11 8.11 8.83 9.54 10.25
2
Dead Load (Landing) kN/m 5.20 5.20 5.80 6.40 7.00
2
Imposed Load kN/m 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00

High Tensile
Waist thickness mm 175 175 200 225 250
Main Reinforcement mm T16-225 T16-150 T16-150 T16-150 T16-150
Distribution Reinforcement mm T10-250 T10-250 T10-250 T10-250 T10-225

Sectional Area
Bending Moment, M kNm/m 30.80 39.40 52.10 67.00 84.50
Main area required (As,req) mm2/m 585 767 858 957 1066
Distribution rebar required (As,min) mm2/m 228 228 260 293 325
Main area provided mm2/m 894 1341 1341 1341 1341
Distribution rebar provided mm2/m 314 314 314 314 349

Deflection
Actual span/effective depth - 28.17 31.69 29.94 28.65 27.65
Allowable span/effective depth - 34.47 32.90 32.09 30.85 29.23

Shear
Critical Shear, V kN/m 31.60 35.70 42.30 49.30 56.90
Actual shear stress N/mm2 0.22 0.25 0.25 0.26 0.26
Allowable shear stress N/mm2 0.68 0.80 0.69 0.67 0.63

Cracking
Actual clear spacing mm 209 134 134 134 134
Allowable clear spacing mm 234 268 240 215 193

Reaction
R1 G kN/m 15.70 17.80 21.60 25.80 30.30
Q kN/m 6.00 6.70 7.50 8.30 9.00
R2 G kN/m 13.20 15.20 18.80 22.80 27.20
Q kN/m 6.00 6.70 7.50 8.30 9.00