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中华人民共和国国家标准
National Standard of the People’s Republic of China
GB 6654-1996
Supersedes GB 6654 – 86
GB 6655– 86

压力容器用钢板
Steel plates for pressure vessels

Approved by the State Bureau of Technical Supervision on 1996-04-05 Implemented from 1996 – 10 – 01

3 Steel Plant and Chonhqing Steel Company (Group). δ5 . are increased. The transverse impact power is increased from 27J to 31J. This Standard is under the jurisdiction of the National Technical Committee for Standardization of Steel for management. This standard shall be implemented from October 1. are added. This Standard is prepared by Shanghai No. has following changes: Sulfur content in steel is reduced. 1996.035% to 0. The new revised standard.GB 6654 1996 Foreword This standard is a bound volume of revisions of GB 6654 – 86 and GB 6655 – 86. 16MnR and 15MnVR. Appendix A and Appendix B are appendices of this Standard. 20R. The sulfur content in different steels is reduced from 0. Maximum thickness is increased from 100mm to 120mm. Two brand numbers of steel. 13MnNiMoNbR and 15CrMoR. The size of thickness of steel plate is increased. This Standard is put forth by the Ministry of Metallurgical Industry of the People’s Republic of China. compared with the original one. Impact power at ambient temperature for three brand numbers of steel. is increased.030%. The range of high limit and low limit of tensile strength is reduced while the criteria for elongation. The original GB 6654 – 86 and GB 6655 – 86 shall become invalid from the date of implementation. —1— .

Key person for preparation of this Standard is Fang Aiti. —2— .

Size. test method. 2. marks and quality certificate of steel plates for pressure vessels.86 —————————————————————————————————————————— 1. profile. The added value listed in Table 2 of nominal thickness shall be used as theoretical thickness to calculate the weight. 中华人民共和国国家标准 National Standard of the People’s Republic of China GB 6654 – 1996 压力容器用钢板 Supersedes GB 6654 – 86 Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels GB 6655 . inspection rules. —3— . Weight and Allowable Deviation 4. Profile. packing. technical requirements.1 The size. 3. see Appendix A. Method to Express Brand Number The “R” after the brand number listed in this Standard is the first character in Chinese spelling of the word “vessel” of “pressure vessels” 4.2 The thickness deviation of the steel plates shall meet what specified in Table 1. profile and allowable deviation for steel plates shall meet what specified in GB 709. Scope This Standard specifies size. Cited Standards For cited standards. 4. This Standard applies to steel plates with thickness of 6 ~ 120mm used for pressure elements of pressure vessels at medium and ambient temperature. 4.3 The steel plates shall be delivered according to theoretical weight.

55 3.15 3.55 1.55 1.55 3.65 1.75 0.75 1.15 1.5~10 0.05 3.15 >100~120 3.05 1.25 1.15 2.05 3.55 >13~25 0.55 >60~80 2.95 0.85 0.15 1.95 2.55 1.35 1.95 2.35 1.75 1.85 1.45 3.05 1.95 1.90 1.00 1.25 >34~40 1.95 1.95 2.15 1.85 2.65 2.95 1. Table 1 Allowable Deviation for Thickness mm Minus deviation Width Nominal 600~ >750~ >1000 >1200 >1500 >1700 >1800 >2000 >2300 >2500 >2600 >2800 >3000 >3200 >3400 >3600 thickness 750 1000 ~1200 ~1500 ~1700 ~1800 ~2000 ~2300 ~2500 ~2600 ~2800 ~3000 ~3200 ~3400 ~3600 ~3800 Positive deviation 6~7.05 1.45 >50~60 1.85 0.95 2.05 1.15 2.95 1.35 1.15 3.25 3.25 3.90 0.35 2.35 2.05 2.55 0.25 2.55 3.75 0.55 2.75 0.35 1.75 0.45 1.85 0.75 0.75 0.55 2.25 3.85 >30~34 0.15 3.55 .65 1.55 2.15 1.95 2.55 1.35 1.55 1.90 0.45 1.35 3.75 2.5 0.25 >40~50 1.80 >7.15 >10~13 0.25 1.65 1.75 1.95 3.85 0.75 1.95 2.95 2.05 3.85 0.05 0.85 2.55 3.85 1.45 0.05 2.65 1.85 2.85 0.95 0.15 2.15 1.75 0.75 >25~30 0.45 1.15 2.15 3.65 1.45 3.25 1.55 3.75 0.95 >80~100 2.25 1.95 2.85 0.60 0.25 1.75 1.75 0.85 2.55 2.60 0.

40 0.30 1.75 >25~30 0.65 0.85 0.40 1.45 0.70 0.95 1.60 1.50 1.50 0.18 0.32 0.30 1.45 0.65 1.55 0.25 0.35 >80~100 1.35 0.50 0.45 >100~120 1.30 0.60 0.70 0.70 0.45 1.30 0.80 0.35 0.32 0.65 1.25 0.28 >7.50 1.40 0.95 1.75 0.70 0.60 0.65 1.75 0.30 0.15 1.10 >50~60 0.45 1.38 0.30 1.75 0.32 0.15 >60~80 1.50 1.35 1.50 0.25 0.55 0.60 0.45 0.40 1.65 >13~25 0.30 0.35 1.95 1.35 1.05 1.35 0.18 0.35 0.65 0.65 1.30 0.05 1.65 0.35 0.45 1.25 0.25 0.35 0.15 0.25 0.5 0.30 0.15 1.65 0.85 0.25 0.55 0.25 1.80 >30~34 0.40 1.5~10 0.00 >40~50 0.75 0.85 0.45 1.85 0.50 0.15 1.90 >34~40 0.35 1.30 1.55 0.95 0.20 1.45 0.65 1.55 0.80 0.90 0. Table 2 Added Value of Thickness mm Width Nominal 600~ >750~ >1000 >1200 >1500 >1700 >1800 >2000 >2300 >2500 >2600 >2800 >3000 >3200 >3400 >3600 thickness 750 1000 ~1200 ~1500 ~1700 ~1800 ~2000 ~2300 ~2500 ~2600 ~2800 ~3000 ~3200 ~3400 ~3600 ~3800 Added value of thickness to calculate weight 6~7.35 1.45 >10~13 0.40 0.60 1.65 1.65 0.15 1.30 0.25 0.45 0.10 0.65 —1— .00 1.40 0.90 0.75 0.25 0.70 0.50 0.

20~ 0.20 0.65 0.20~ 0.025~ 18MnMoNbR ≤0.1. Table 3 Chemical Composition Chemical composition. the upper limit of manganese content may be increased to 1.030 0.2 Method of smelting Steel is smelted in Martin furnace.010~ 15MnVNR ≤0.1.035 0.18 0.050 1.45~ 0.70 0.10~ 0.30% and their total content shall not be > 0.20 0.020 1.20~ 0. 5.20~ 0.15~ 0.55 0.1 The brand number and chemical composition of steel (smelting composition) shall meet what specified in Table 3.005~ 0. Technical Requirements 5.025 0. % (m/m) Brand number S P C Mn Si V Mo Nb N Cr Ni Not more than 0.20~ 0.30 1.80~ 15CrMoR 0.020 0. .1.035 1.70 0.15~ 0.030 0. Ni and Copper is regarded as residual elements.2 In case the content of Cr.035 1. oxygen converter and electric furnace.60~ 13MnNiMoNbR ≤0.00%.1 Brand number and chemical composition 5.035 1.90 0.1 For 20R steel of thickness over 60mm.030 0.030 0.20~ 0.5.15~ 20R ≤0.40 1. 5.00 0.12~ 0.22 0.1.20 0.1.20 0.04~ 15MnVR ≤0.55 0.1. All steels of different brand number are killed steels.035 1.50 0. In case the supplier can guarantee it.030 0.15~ 0.60%.20~ 0.40~ 0.45~ 0. they shall not be > 0.50 0. 5.60 0.20~ 0.20 5.15 0. 5.030 0.2 Trace alloy elements may be added to improve performance of 20R and 16MnR.30~ 0.18 0.60 1.60 0.12 1.60 0.3 The allowable deviation for chemical composition of final product of steel plate shall meet what specified in GB 222.20~ 16MnR ≤0. analysis may not be done.55 1.40~ 0.40 0.025 1.1.60 0.40 0.030 0.

℃ Delivery Yield Elongatio V impact Brand number steel plate. The size of the ample blank shall not be < 3a x 3a x a. 13MnNiMoNbR and 15CrMoR with thickness over 60mm may be delivered at the status of annealing and tempering. MPa Not less than Not less than 6~16 245 >16~36 400~520 235 25 20R 20 31 d = 2a >36~60 225 >60~100 390~510 205 24 Hot rolled. 6~16 510~640 345 d = 2a normalization >16~36 490~620 325 21 16MnR of controlled >36~60 470~600 305 20 31 d = 3a rolling type >60~100 460~590 285 20 >100~120 450~580 275 6~16 530~665 390 15MnVR >16~36 510~645 370 19 20 31 d = 3a >36~60 490~625 350 6~16 570~710 440 15MnVNR Normalization >16~36 550~690 420 18 20 34 d = 3a >36~60 530~670 400 Normalization 30~60 590~740 440 18MnMoNbR 17 20 34 d = 3a plus tempering >60~100 570~720 410 Normalization ≤100 390 13MnNiMoNbR 570~720 18 0 31 d = 3a plus tempering >100~120 380 Normalization 6~60 295 19 15CrMoR 450~590 20 31 d = 3a plus tempering >60~100 275 18 5.3.3.3 Steel plates shall be sheared or flare cut for delivery.3 Delivery status 5. Table 4 Physical Performance and Process Performance Cold bend Tensile test Impact test test Thickness of Temperature. Tensile status point. n power.1 The delivery status of steel plates shall meet what specified in Table 4.(a is thickness of the steel plate.5. The tempering temperature for 18MnMoNbR. J 180° σb.2 As agreed with the demand party. In this case. MPa δ5. σs. Akv b = 2a mm strength. the sample blank for test shall be heat treated in accordance with what specified in Table 4.) 5. However. 13MnNiMoNbR and 15CrMoR shall not be lower than 620℃. the steel plates of 18MnMoNbR. % (transverse).3. it may be delivered in —1— .

5. Charpy (V notch) impact power shall be calculated as arithmetic mean of 3 test samples. 5.1 No crack. —2— . it shall not be lower than 70% of specified value.1 The results of tensile test. The value of yield point at high temperature shall meet what specified in Appendix B. and it shall be noted in the contract. The cold bend test shall be done to steel plates with thickness over 60mm if it is specified in the contract. The test result shall not be < 75% of value specified in Table 4. air bubble.4.1 Ultrasonic testing may be done to steel plates on demander’s request.20℃for 16MnR and the impact power shall not be <24J. 5. The place where the defect is treated shall be smooth without any sharp corner. The test result shall not be < 50% of specified value in Table 4. the V notch impact test may be done at . however.4 Physical and process performance 5.4 High temperature tensile test Specially requested by the demander and agreed by two parties.1 For steel plates of 6mm ~ 8mm 15MnR used for lamination plate.2 If requested by the demander.1. Charpy (V notch) impact test and cold bend test of steel plates shall meet what specified in Table 4. aided test sample shall be used.2 As requested by the demander and specified in the contract.1. scar.6 Surface quality 5. 5. The depth to treat shall not exceed half of tolerance for thickness of the steel plate calculated from the actual size of the steel plate and the minimum thickness of the steel plate shall be guaranteed. the tensile strength shall be 550 ~ 690 Mpa.4. the size is 5mm x 10mm x 55mm. It is allowable that the individual value for one of 3 samples may be lower than what specified in Table 4.5. it is allowed to treat them.1. 5.3 As agreed by both parties of the supplier and the demander. 5. the V notch impact power at ambient temperature for 20R. For >8mm ~ 11mm steel plates. 5.4. the class for qualification in ultrasonic testing shall be agreed by two parties and specified in the contract. a high temperature tensile test may be done to steel plates of thickness over 20mm and the test temperature shall be specified in the contract.5 Ultrasonic testing 5.6.4. 18MnMoNbR. 5. 15MnVR steels may be at 34J for delivery while for 15MnVNR. folding or slag inclusion shall be allowable to surfaces of steel plates. at 41J. 5. 5.4. the size is 7. . 16MnR. In case above said defect exit. For 6mm ~ 8mm steel plates. 5.4.2 The . Charpy (V notch) impact test to steel plates with thickness < 12mm.4.5 mm x 10mm x 55mm.3 For .the state of rough edges as agreed by both parties of supplier and demander due to the restriction of equipment capacity.

2 Steel plates shall be inspected and accepted in batches. physical performance test may be done to steel plates of thickness over 16mm piece by piece. the depth shall not exceed half of allowable tolerance for thickness of the steel plate calculated from the actual size of the steel plate and the thickness at the place of defect shall be guaranteed that it does not exceed the minimum allowable thickness of the steel plate. the quantity of test samples and the way for sampling as well as test method for each batch of steel plates shall meet what specified in Table 5. 7.5 In case the sample blank is used to make test sample for physical performance. the test sample for tensile test and impact test shall be taken at 1/4 of thickness (the distance from the axis of the test sample and one rolled face). the weight of the steel plates in each batch shall not be > 15t while for steel plates of thickness over 16mm. However. Test Method The items for inspection. the weight in each batch shall not be > 25t. the axis of the test sample shall be at 1/4 of the distance away from the surface of sample blank. same thickness and same heat treatment way shall make up one batch. Table 5 Test Method Sequence Quantity of test Items to test Sampling method Test method No.3 On request of the demander and agreed by both parties.2 Other defects are allowable to exist.4 For steel plates of thickness over 60mm.5. The distance from the location of the test sample to each side of sample blank shall not be < —3— . 7. 6. For the steel plates of thickness of 6 ~ 16mm. sample (piece) 1 (each furnace GB 223 1 Chemical analysis GB 222 number) 2 Tensile 1 GB228 3 Cold bend 1 GB 232 4 Impact at ambient temperature 3 GB2106 GB 2975 5 Impact at low temperature 3 GB4159 1 (each furnace GB4338 6 Tensile at high temperature number) 7 Ultrasonic testing GB/T 2970 7.1 The inspection and acceptance of steel plates shall be done by technical supervision department of the supplier. Rules for Inspection 7.6. 7. Steel plates of same furnace number. 7.

7.4.thickness of the steel plate. At publishing of this Standard.4 . referred by this Standard. another 3 test samples shall be taken for test from same steel plate ( or same sample blank).89 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Vanadium Content with Photometry of Tantalum Test Agent Extraction GB/T 223. Marks and Quality Certificates The packing.3. the head (or holding part) of the test sample for tensile test is not limited by this. however. 7.6. have constituted provisions of this Standard. The average value of 6 samples of first and later groups shall not be < specified values. Any standard may be revised. However.16 . It is allowable that the values of 2 test samples may be < specified values.91 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Chromium Content with Method of Ammonium Supersulfate Oxidation Capacity GB 223. GB 222 – 84 Method for Sampling the Test Sample for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Allowable Deviation for Chemical Composition of Final Products GB 223. re-test shall be made.6 In case any item in the test of steel plates does not meet requirements of this Standard.1 In case the result of Charpy (V notch) impact test does not meet what specified in 5. 14 . the referred editions are still in force. marks and quality certificates for steel plates shall meet what specified in GB 247. 11 . Packing. Appendix A (Appendix of this Standard) Cited Standards Provisions in following standards.6.91 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Titanium Content with Photometry of Colored Acid —4— . Any user of this Standard shall study the possibility of using the new edition of following standards. 8.2 The re-test of other items shall meet what specified in GB 247.2 or 5.88 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Manganese Content with Method of Ammonium Nitrate Oxidation Capacity GB/T223.3 – 88 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Phosphorous Content with Method of diantipyrine methane-molybdophosphoric acid Weight GB 223. 7.4. in which only one sample is allowable to be < 70% of specified value.

84 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Molybdenum Content with Photometry of thiocyanate-butyl butyrate Extraction GB 223. GB 223.37 .87 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Nickel Content with Spectro-photometry of Flame Atom Absorption GB 223.GB 223.19 .87 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Manganese Content with Method of Titration of Sodium arsenite-Sodium nitrite GB 223.89 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Nitrogen Content with Photometry of Distillation Separation –Indigo GB 223.89 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Copper Content with Photometry of neocuproine-trichloromethane Extraction GB/T 223.87 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Phosphorous Content with Photometry of antimono phosphoro molybdo-blue GB 223.94 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Nickel Content with Method of diacetyldioxine-trichloromethance.94 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Copper Content with Method of Sodium Thiosulfate – Iodine Quantity GB 223.89 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Titanium Content with Photometry of diantipyrine methane GB 223.85 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Niobium Content with Photometry of Ion Exchanging and Separation – chlorosulfophenol S.88 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Manganese Content with Photometry of Sodium (polassium) periodate —5— .61 .24 .18 .63.17 .40. GB 223.85 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Nitrogen Content with Method of Distillation Separation –Capacity.39 .36.27 .87 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Silicon Content with Method of Dehydration Weight of Perchloric Acid GB 223.87 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Phosphorous Content with Photometry of butyl acetate Extraction GB 223.85 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Niobium Content with Photometry of chlorosulfophenol S GB 223.26.94 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Nickel Content with Direct Photometry of nickel diacetyldioxine GB/T 223.54 . Extraction GB 223.87 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Phosphorous Content with Method of ammonium molybdophosphorate Capacity GB 223.59 .60 .89 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Molybdenum Content with Direct Photometry of thiocyanate GB 223.62.58 .23 .

89 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Sulfur Content with Photometry of Reduction-distillation methenyl-blue GB 223.91 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Carbon Content with Method of Burnt Weight GB/T 223. Marks and Quality Certificate of Steel Plates and Steel Strips GB 709 – 88 Size.69 .89 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Carbon Content with Method of Burnt Gas Capacity GB/T 223.74 . Weight and Allowable Deviation for Hot Rolled Steel Plates and Steel Strips GB/T 2970 – 91 Method for Ultrasonic Testing of Medium Thick Steel Plates GB 2975 – 82 Regulations for Sampling for Physical and Process Performance Test of Steel Products GB 4338 – 84 Method for Tensile Test of Metals at High Temperature.GB 223.68 .91 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Content of Non-combined Carbon with Method of Burnt Weight or Burnt Gas Capacity GB/T 223.72 -91 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Carbon Content with Method of Aluminum Oxide Chromatogram-Barium Sulfate GB/T 223. —6— . Packing.71 .89 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Sulfur Content with Method of Burnt – potassium iodate Capacity GB 223.88 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Manganese Content with Spectrum Method of Flare Atom Absorption GB 223. Profile.76 .94 Method for Chemical Analysis of Steel and Alloy Measuring Vanadium Content with Spectrumgraph of Flare Atom Absorption GB 228 – 87 Metal Tensile Test Method GB/T 229 – 94 Metal Charpy notch Impact Test Method GB 232 – 82 Metal Bend Test Method GB 247 – 88 General Rules for Inspection and Acceptance.67 .64 .

. Appendix B (Appendix of this Standard) High Temperature Performance of Steel Plates for Pressure Vessels B1 For specified residue tensile stress at high temperature (σr0.2. MPa Brand number Thickness Not less than 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 21~36 186 167 153 139 129 121 — 20R >36~60 178 161 147 133 123 116 — >60~100 164 147 135 123 113 106 — 21~36 255 235 215 200 190 180 — >36~60 240 220 200 185 175 165 — 16MnR >60~100 225 205 185 175 165 155 — >100~120 220 200 180 170 160 150 — 21~36 295 280 260 240 220 205 — 15MnVR >36~60 280 265 245 225 210 195 — 21~36 340 315 290 270 250 235 — 15MnVNR >36~60 320 300 275 255 235 220 — 30~60 380 370 360 350 335 315 — 18MnMoNbR >60~100 360 350 340 330 315 295 — 30~100 355 350 345 335 305 — — 13MnNiMoNbR >100~120 345 340 335 325 300 — — 21~60 240 225 210 200 189 179 174 15CrMoR >60~100 220 210 196 186 176 167 162 ———————————— —7— . at following temperature (℃).2 ). see Table B1.. Table B1 σr0.