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1

Using the method of joints, determine the force in each member of the truss shown. State whether each member is in tension or compression.

SOLUTION

FBD Truss:

ΣM B = 0: ( 6.25 m ) C y − ( 4 m )( 315 N ) = 0

ΣFy = 0: By − 315 N + C y = 0

C y = 240 N

B y = 75 N

ΣFx = 0:

Bx = 0

**Joint FBDs: Joint B:
**

N

FAB F 75 N = BC = 5 4 3

FAB = 125.0 N C FBC = 100.0 N T

Joint C:

N

By inspection:

FAC = 260 N C

00 kips C FAC = 4.6 kips = 0 C x = 3 kips A x = 3 kips A y = 5.5 ft )( 5. determine the force in each member of the truss shown.PROBLEM 6.5 4 FAB = 3.00 kips T Joint A: FAB 1.6 kips = 8.6 kips ) = 0 ΣFx = 0: − Ax + Cx = 0 ΣFy = 0: Ay − 5.40 kips T . State whether each member is in tension or compression.6 kips Joint FBDs: Joint C: FBC F 3 kips = AC = 5 4 3 FBC = 5.2 Using the method of joints. SOLUTION FBD Truss: ΣM A = 0: (14 ft ) Cx − ( 7.

50 kips T FBC = 7.PROBLEM 6.50 kips C FAB 10 kips = 5 4 . determine the force in each member of the truss shown.50 kips C Joint B: By inspection: FAB = 12. SOLUTION FBD Truss: ΣM B = 0: ( 6 ft )( 6 kips ) − ( 9 ft ) C y = 0 ΣFy = 0: By − 6 kips − C y = 0 ΣFx = 0: C x = 0 C y = 4 kips B y = 10 kips Joint FBDs: Joint C: FAC F 4 kips = BC = 17 15 8 FAC = 8.3 Using the method of joints. State whether each member is in tension or compression.

48 kN T FCD = Joint C: 2.48 kN) 2.PROBLEM 6.36 kN − 2.4 Using the method of joints.9 ΣFx = 0: FCD − 2.9 kN = 0 5 FAB = 1.36 kN C FBC = 2.200 kN T .9 FAD = 3.4 kN ) = 0 C y = 3.1 FAD = 0 2.96 kN Joint FBDs: Joint D: ΣFy = 0: 2 FAD − 2.1 (3.52 kN C By inspection: FAC = 3.4 kN = 0 2.6 m ( 2.9 FCD = 2.4 kN = 0 B y = 0.52 kN C Joint B: ΣFy = 0: 4 FAB − 0.36 kN ΣFy = 0: By + 3.5 m ) C y + ( 2 m )(1. State whether each member is in tension or compression. SOLUTION FBD Truss: ΣM B = 0: (1. determine the force in each member of the truss shown.8 kN ) − 3.

State whether each member is in tension or compression. SOLUTION FBD Truss: ΣFx = 0 : C x = 0 By symmetry: C y = D y = 6 kN Joint FBDs: Joint B: ΣFy = 0: − 3 kN + 1 FAB = 0 5 FAB = 3 5 = 6. determine the force in each member of the truss shown.5 Using the method of joints.71 kN T ΣFx = 0: 2 FAB − FBC = 0 5 FBC = 6.71 kN T FAD = FAC = 10.00 kN C .00 kN C Joint C: ΣFy = 0: 6 kN − ΣFx = 0: 6 kN − Joint A: 3 FAC = 0 5 FAC = 10.00 kN C FDE = FBC = 6.PROBLEM 6.00 kN C FCD = 2.00 kN T 4 FAC + FCD = 0 5 1 3 ΣFy = 0: − 2 3 5 kN + 2 10 kN − 6 kN = 0 check 5 5 By symmetry: FAE = FAB = 6.

075 kips FBD = 6.4 kips F F = CD = BC 12 18.5 FCD = 3. determine the force in each member of the truss shown.125 kips ) − FBD = 0 18.08 kips C .PROBLEM 6.5 18.4 kips ΣFy = 0: Ay + 2.5 4 ( 3.70 kips C or: ΣFx = 0: FBC = FCD ΣFy = 0: 2.6 Using the method of joints. State whether each member is in tension or compression.7 kips ) + (8.125 kips ΣFy = 0: 6 3 ( 3.5 ft ) C y + ( 6 ft )( 3 kips ) − ( 8 ft )( 9.5 5 FAD = 8.70 kips ) − FAD = 0 18.5 5 FBD = 6.13 kips T FAD = 8.4 kips ΣFx = 0: − Ax + 3 kips = 0 A x = 3 kips Joint FBDs: Joint C: 2.9 kips = 0 A y = 7.4 kips − 2 6 FBC = 0 18. SOLUTION FBD Truss: ΣM A = 0: ( 25.70 kips T FBC = 3.9 kips ) = 0 C y = 2.5 same answers Joint D: ΣFx = 0: 3 kips + 17.4 kips − 9.

125 kips ) − FAB = 0 5 5 FAB = 4.PROBLEM 6.38 kips C .375 kips 4 4 (8.6 CONTINUED Joint A: ΣFx = 0: −3 kips + FAB = 4.

7 Using the method of joints.5 6. determine the force in each member of the truss shown. SOLUTION FBD Truss: ΣFy = 0: Ay − 480 N = 0 A y = 480 N Dx = 0 Ax = 0 ΣM A = 0: ( 6 m ) Dx = 0 ΣFx = 0: − Ax = 0 Joint FBDs: Joint A: 480 N F F = AB = AC 6 2.PROBLEM 6.5 FBE = 480 N C FBC = 520 N T .5 6 6.5 FAB = 200 N C FAC = 520 N T Joint B: 200 N F F = BE = BC 2. State whether each member is in tension or compression.

5 FDE = 200 N C .PROBLEM 6.5 ( 520 N ) − FDE = 0 6.7 CONTINUED Joint C: By inspection: FCD = FCE = 520 N T ΣFx = 0: Joint D: 2.

00 kips T . State whether each member is in tension or compression.5 ft )( 4 kips ) = 0 Fy = 9 kips ΣFy = 0: − E y + 9 kips = 0 ΣFx = 0: − Ex + 4 kips + 4 kips = 0 E y = 9 kips E x = 8 kips FEC = 9.8 Using the method of joints.00 kips T By inspection of joint E: By inspection of joint B: Joint FBDs: FAB = 0 FBD = 0 Joint F: ΣFx = 0: 4 FCF − 8 kips = 0 5 3 (10 kips) = 0 5 FCF = 10.00 kips T FEF = 8.75 ft )( 4 kips ) − (13.00 kips T ΣFy = 0: FAC − 9 kips + 3 (10 kips ) = 0 5 FAC = 3.PROBLEM 6. determine the force in each member of the truss shown. SOLUTION FBD Truss: ΣM E = 0: ( 9 ft ) Fy − ( 6.00 kips T ΣFy = 0: FDF − Joint C: ΣFx = 0: 4 kips − 4 (10 kips ) + FCD = 0 5 FCD = 4.00 kips C FDF = 6.

PROBLEM 6.8 CONTINUED 4 FAD = 0 5 Joint A: ΣFx = 0: 4 kips − FAD = 5.00 kips C .

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