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VISUAL INSPECTION External visual inspections are performed to determine the external condition of piping, insulation system, painting/coating systems and associated hardware to check for signs of misalignment, vibration, and leakage. 1. LEAKS Leaks can be safety or fire hazards, they can cause the premature shutdowns of equipment, and they often result in economic loss. Frequent visual surveillance are carried out for leaks. Particular attention is given to flanged joints, packing glands, bonnet of valves and expansion joints. 2. MISALINGNMENT Piping network is inspected for misalignment, which may be indicated by the following conditions: Piping dislodged from one or more supports so that its weight is not being properly distributed on the remaining hangers or saddles. The deformation of a vessel in the vicinity of a piping attachment. Piping supports forced out of plumb by expansion or contraction of piping. If significant piping misalignment is discovered, workscope and maintenance notes are prepared for prompt correction. 3. SUPPORTS Pipe supports consists of shoes, hangers (chains, rods or support springs) and braces. Supports are visually inspected for Deterioration of protective coatings or fire proofing. Evidence of corrosion, especially at or near the foundation attachments. Distortion General physical damage Movement or deterioration of concrete footings Failure or loosening of foundation bolts Insecure attachments of brackets and beams to the supports Insecure attachment or improper adjustment of pipe hangers 4. VIBRATION If vibration or swaying is observed, welds are inspected for cracks, particularly at points of restraint, such as areas where piping is attached to equipment and near anchors. 5. EXTERNAL CORROSION & CUI External inspection of insulated piping systems includes a review of the integrity of the insulation system for conditions that could lead to corrosion under insulation (CUI) and for signs of ongoing CUI. Sources of
availability of scaffolding. Readings of thickness in HAZ area. after detailed inspection. which include. injection points and deadlegs are especially taken. water leaks. is prepared in the form of isometric layouts and issued to the maintenance section for execution of repairs. such as clean non-corrosive hydrocarbon product. OTHER NDE METHODS These include. locations all around the pipe distributed circumferentially (900 from each other) are monitored in one TML. condensation. For painted pipelines. and deluge systems. offshoot sections.moisture may include rain. TMLs may be eliminated or the number reduced under certain circumstances. The execution of the plan might be disturbed depending upon various factors. condition of the paint is monitored for deterioration. stubends. TMLs should be distributed appropriately throughout each piping circuit. INSPECTION REPORT Inspection findings are documented in the form of isometric sketches and approved performas. THICKNESS MEASUREMENTS Thickness monitoring with the aid of ultrasonic thickness meter is carried out at numerous locations on the entire length of the pipe under inspection. Usually 04 Nos. The intermittent distance between subsequent TMLs varies between 2 – 5 feet depending upon the size and length of the pipe. INSPECTION FREQUENCY/INTERVALS An inspection plan is available to schedule the next inspection of a particular piping system which is set to be five years from a particular inspection date. The complete pipe length is visually inspected for presence of all kinds of external corrosion mechanisms especially in the areas where the pipe comes into contact with the supports and near welds for deterioration in the HAZ area. WORKSCOPES Workscope. or high alloy piping for product purity. radiography and liquid penetrant methods of welded joints and offshoots. These are usually employed in shutdown/refinery turnaround. The inspection engineer is responsible for the taking the thickness measurements THICKNESS MEASUREMENT LOCATIONS (TMLs/CMLs) Each piping system shall be monitored by taking thickness measurements at TMLs. removal of insulation and the occurrence of any non-planned work/ project. .