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Issue 5/4 November 2010

Qambar Shahdakot, Larkana and Khairpur). According


Highlights to preliminary findings of the latter, the three top
• In Sindh, thousands of people are still trapped concerns raised by flood-affected populations were:
by flood waters and require relief assistance lack of assistance, unequal access to assistance and
• Three months since the disaster hit, the discrimination in assistance. The Sindh camp profiling
revised Floods Emergency Response Plan is survey assessed more than 4,700 sites, identifying
funded at only 40 per cent more than one million IDPs, and showed that 49 per
cent of the IDPs are female, 58 per cent are children, 5
• According to initial findings from a Rapid
per cent are older persons and 12 per cent are persons
Protection Assessment in Sindh, there is a
with disabilities. The survey also showed that more
need to step up assistance and ensure
than a quarter of a million people are still residing in
equitable distribution
tented camps; however, at least 65,000 persons are
still without shelter. A number of challenges are
I. SITUATION OVERVIEW
highlighted regarding the affected populations’ access
Sindh to basic services, reproductive health and security in
The provision of urgent humanitarian assistance to camps.
people trapped by flood waters and people living in
camps continues to be the focus in the province. Many Balochistan
villages and thousands of acres of cultivable land According to the Provincial Disaster Management
remain inundated in Dadu, Qambar Shahdad Kot and Authority and UNHCR, there remain still some 61,500
Jacobabad districts. Reports suggest that over 65,000 flood displaced persons in 120 locations (camps, public
people remain cut off by water in Dadu district alone. buildings and spontaneous sites) in seven districts. In
Essential lifesaving activities continue in Dadu, with a both camps and spontaneous sites, hygiene, shelter,
focus on delivering food, health, nutrition and safe health, food and WASH need to be scaled up.
drinking water to isolated villages and people living in
makeshift settlements on embankments. Also in Balochistan, secondary displacement remains a
main challenge. Reports from Naseerabad and
Jaffarabad indicate that many returning IDPs are still
unable to reach their places of origin as the flood
waters have not fully receded. A UNHCR field mission
estimates that about 30 percent of IDPs are not able to
return yet and most probably will have to stay in camps
for weeks to come. In Quetta and Sibi, IDPs are
continuing to leave higher altitude sites. Families are
provided with tents and NFIs as they require temporary
shelter until they have reconstructed their homes.
However, many families living in public buildings did not
receive tents and upon return must live in the open,
thus a significant shelter gap needs to be addressed.

Kyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) and


A flood-displaced family living in a makeshift settlement on Suprio Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)
embankment in Dadu, Sindh (Photo: Stacey Winston/UNOCHA) A Returns Task Force, with participation from the
Government and the humanitarian community, was
Organised camps are being established in the most formed in order to address operational issues and
affected districts in both southern and northern Sindh, conditions necessary to ensure safe, sustained and
mainly for those IDPs, who are being relocated from voluntary return of conflict related IDPs back to South
schools and public buildings, but can still not return to Waziristan. Over 41,000 families (around 300,000
their places of origin because of the flooding. persons) remain displaced in Tank and D I Khan
districts as a result of last year’s fighting in South
Two extensive assessments have been completed to Waziristan. A survey of returns intentions among IDPs
date: a camp and spontaneous settlements profiling originating from South Waziristan was completed this
assessment and a rapid protection needs assessment, week.
carried out in five districts (Jacobabad, Shikarpur,

OCHA Pakistan, Serena Business Complex, Sector G-5, Islamabad, Pakistan • Tel +92 (51) 2600254-5 • www.pakresponse.info
Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin 4 November/ Issue 5

Winter contingency planning and pre-positioning of initially accommodate more than 3,300 families. In
assistance is under way. WFP has assessed areas in southern Sindh, some 23 camps are being established
Swat and Kohistan districts, which are expected to across Dadu, Thatta and Jamshoro districts with a
remain inaccessible during the forthcoming winter. capacity to host 4,400 families. These new sites are
Warehouses are being established; and the target is to mainly for people being relocated from public buildings
provide food assistance to 32,500 families for four and camps managed by the army that are being
months during the winter in these districts. closed, and who are unable to return to their areas of
origin. Meanwhile, returns are underway in Sindh. The
Punjab number of flood related IDPs in Sindh, who are still in
In Punjab, just over a thousand flood related displaced camps and collective facilities is estimated to be around
families (around 7,000 persons) remain in camps. 700,000 persons.
Assessments are focusing on the village level as a
majority of the affected population has now returned to Education
their places of origin. There are reports that some The cluster is focused on getting students back to
flood-affected people have started rebuilding their school in flood-affected areas. Activities include scaling
homes. Given the destruction of their homes, many of up the provision of temporary learning centres (TLCs)
them require shelter provision, including roofing and education supplies, school rehabilitation and
materials and tarpaulins. In addition, the provision of teacher orientation on teaching methodology as well as
seeds, tools and fertilisers for the Rabi planting season psychosocial support. In Punjab, KPK and Balochistan
is also vital. activities are concentrated in return areas while in
Sindh the focus is on IDP sites. This week, the cluster
II. CLUSTER RESPONSE has increased its beneficiaries from 166,905 to 189,506
children. Some 337 schools are still being used as
Agriculture shelter by displaced people in Sindh province
Distribution of wheat and vegetable seeds, and fertilizer accommodating 46,795 displaced people. Meanwhile
is ongoing in KPK, Sindh, Balochistan and Punjab 37 per cent out of 10,040 damaged schools in the
provinces. Livestock packages containing animal feed country have been assessed as fully damaged. The
and veterinary supplies have been distributed to 19,000 cluster has provided a total number of 1,492 TLCs for
households in KPK, and distribution will start from end 114,402 children across Pakistan. Some 5,249 flood
November also in Sindh, Punjab and Balochistan. affected adults also are benefitting from 189 Adult
Another critical area of intervention is rehabilitation of Literacy Centers (ALCs) in KP, Sindh and Punjab
on-farm communal irrigation infrastructure through cash provinces. Lack of funding is a crucial challenge (the
for work activities. Although cultivation of agricultural cluster is only 32 per cent of the US$ 83.6 million
crops in parts of Sindh province is not possible due to funded under the revised Pakistan flood response
remaining water, a large portion of land is available for plan). Critical gaps remain for emergency relief and
winter and early spring planting. Local, provincial and early recovery activities in the education sector.
federal authorities and flood-affected farmer
communities have identified an immediate need for
Food Security
wheat cultivation, which will be possible from early
Key priorities include continued delivery of food in
December on. Wheat and vegetable seeds, fertilizer
flood-affected areas, the introduction of unconditional
and fodder are urgent priorities. FAO estimates that
cash transfers and scaling up of early recovery
130,000-150,000 farming families in Sindh are in need
activities such as food for work. The cluster is urging for
of immediate support, while around 300,000 families
confirmation of donations from donors in order to
will require assistance for the spring planting season.
ensure that food can be purchased on time and pre-
positioned in target locations. WFP is still facing
Camp Coordination and Camp Management funding shortfalls which are threatening breaks in the
Training was carried out for more than 130 managers food pipeline. The results of the initial flood impact
and other partners implementing CCCM activities in assessment suggest that 10 million people are in need
Sukkur, Hyderabad and Quetta. A fourth workshop will of immediate food assistance across the country. As of
take place in Islamabad next week, and will include 2 November, close to 7 million beneficiaries have been
officials from KPK and Punjab. Translation of the reached with monthly rations and distributions are
Camp Management Toolkit into Urdu is underway. In ongoing. A Flood Recovery Assessment will start in
Balochistan, UNHCR, in partnership with the November in order to provide an updated analysis of
Balochistan Rural Support Programme, has established the food security situation and information for early
a camp management structure in the majority of the recovery programming. Key challenges include:
formal camps and in some spontaneous sites. Roving ensuring uninterrupted food distributions in priority
camp managers are operational. Across northern districts; winterization and access constraints and
Sindh, 12 tented camps are being established to

OCHA Pakistan, Serena Business Complex, Sector G-5, Islamabad, Pakistan • Tel +92 (51) 2600254-5 • www.pakresponse.info
Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin 4 November/ Issue 5

prepositioning of stocks in Northern provinces; and trained to conduct FANS. A key challenge remains a
tracking of returning populations. lack of emergency nutrition partners in flood affected
areas. The cluster is training partners to cover critical
Health gaps in the field and has developed a capacity building
The floods have led to an increase in the incidence of plan through existing partners. A plan for establishment
malaria in areas where malaria was known to be of low of Stabilization Centres at all district hospitals in Punjab
risk, such as in parts of Punjab. WHO is supporting the has been finalized.
Directorate of Malaria Control with regular reporting
(daily and weekly reports are being compiled) of Shelter and NFIs
malaria cases confirmed by Rapid Diagnostic Tests. The cluster is engaging with humanitarian partners and
Out of 7.6 million reported cases, about 371,500 (5 per local authorities regarding priorities in Southern Sindh,
cent) were confirmed for suspected malaria. The where there remains a gap for 1.3 million people
cluster is working with the Government’s Malaria (188,000 families) taking into consideration what has
Control Department to identify malaria hot spots, to already been distributed and of the reported pipeline.
ensure rapid response with medicines and to put into Of these, some 16,000 families are staying in schools
place a vector control strategy. According to latest and public buildings. Pilot collaboration with Food and
figures, there are 6,730 suspected cases and 3,664 WASH clusters for joint distributions is being carried out
confirmed cases of Dengue Fever country-wide. in Dadu district this week. The cluster is also focusing
on support for sustainable returns with early recovery
Protection shelter programmes in all flood-affected districts. Of the
According to latest NADRA figures, over 1.1 million 57,000 committed shelters, close to 5,000 shelter have
families have been processed for watan card issuance been built. The cluster has distributed 310,500 tents
in Gilgit, Punjab, Sindh and KPK. Over 18 billion and 479,700 plastic tarpaulins to some 550,500
Pakistani rupees have been disbursed to flood-affected households (representing 31.5 per cent of the
persons in relation to this process. Concerns remain estimated need). Coverage in Punjab (30 per cent) and
regarding the registration process, including alleged Sindh (16 per cent) remains critically low. Key
reports of corruption in Sindh and Balochistan. Other challenges include developing provincial winterization
protection concerns include ensuring returns are strategies; supporting sustainable returns; the ongoing
voluntary, safe and informed as well as addressing shortage of emergency shelter supplies in country; and
reports of GBV, child labour and abuse. Monitoring and lack of partners in Sindh.
reporting efforts are ongoing, and these issues are
being discussed with the relevant authorities at the Emergency Telecommunications
national and provincial levels. Training was provided for The cluster has established a communication centre in
humanitarian workers, civil society and government Swat, which is operational from this week. Three radio
authorities on Gender-based Violence (GBV) in operators have been hired. Radio training sessions are
emergencies and Building Survivors Centred Response taking place at the UNHCR Premises in Peshawar for
in KPK and Punjab. The training is planned for Sindh all UN agencies who have expressed interest. A
next. The Child Protection sub cluster has established telecommunications assessment mission in Gilgit was
87 new static Child Friendly Spaces (of a total 283 recently completed. Security remains a challenge. Also,
static and 9 mobile CFSs). These spaces provide importation and licensing of telecommunications
educational and recreational activities as well as equipment continues to be a constraint.
psychosocial support to 47,920 children (25,359 boys
and 22,561 girls). Child protection activities need to be WASH
scaled up in Balochistan. Four technical WASH working groups (water,
. sanitation, hygiene promotion, and returnees) are
Nutrition operational in all flood-affected provinces. These
The cluster has established 195 Outpatient Therapeutic working groups are focusing on gaps including safe
Feeding Programmes (OTPs) and 30 in-patient water supply, distribution of chlorine tablets, availability
Stabilization Centres (SCs); and is also supporting 143 and access to latrines, hygiene promotion and
Supplementary Feeding Programmes (SFP) nationally. provision of WASH services in return areas. A WASH
Almost 72,000 under-five year old children and over damage and needs assessment survey is planned for 8
22,000 pregnant and lactating women (PLW) have November. The survey will determine pre- and post-
been screened for malnutrition in flood-affected areas. flood access to WASH services at household level in all
Of these, 17,126 under-five year old children and 5,179 flood-affected areas of Punjab and Sindh. The survey
PLWs are enrolled in feeding programs. In Sindh, data will also serve to verify the Government Social and
collection for the Flood Affected Nutrition Survey Living Standards Measurement Survey (PSLM) of pre-
(FANS) began this week. In Punjab, 66 people were flood access to WASH services in the country. In

OCHA Pakistan, Serena Business Complex, Sector G-5, Islamabad, Pakistan • Tel +92 (51) 2600254-5 • www.pakresponse.info
Weekly Humanitarian Bulletin 4 November/ Issue 5

southern Sindh, the cluster is revising its strategy to integrated early recovery of flood-affected communities
ensure adequate assistance is provided to beneficiaries in target districts. This includes enabling communities
in places of origin whilst maintaining relief assistance and local authorities to restore access to public
including adequate clean water and sanitation in other services, promoting livelihoods restoration, repairing
areas. As of 2 November, more than 4 million people damaged community infrastructure and strengthening
(64 per cent) are receiving water supply and NFIs in the social cohesion. In the first phase of this project, 15
flood affected areas of the country. Fewer people are organizations are selected to implement projects of
accessing sanitation (20 per cent) and hygiene support worth US$4.6 million in KPK, Punjab, Sindh and
(37 per cent) but this was also the case before the Baluchistan, Gilgit-Balistan and PAK.
flood.

LOGISTICS III. FUNDING


The cluster has facilitated air operations of 8,506 mt of
relief cargo deliveries to flood-affected areas since 5 Floods Emergency Response Plan 2010
August. Flights are available from Ghazi, Khwazakhela,
Besham, Sukkur, Pano Aqil, Nawabshah, Dadu,
Shahdadkot, and Hyderabad. The UN Humanitarian Air
Service (UNHAS) is providing cargo and passenger
helicopter services from Sukkur, Hyderabad and 40% Funded
Amount
Nawabshah to parts of Sindh that remain inaccessible required
Remaining
by road. Storage facilities remain available to partners
needs 60% 1,953,586,189
across the country. Hovercrafts used for providing
lifesaving food, shelter and WASH items to isolated
communities in Sindh province were discontinued this
week. The Pakistani navy ceased hovercraft operations
based on consultations with the district authorities and
humanitarian community as well as improvements in
access (some areas are now accessible by Pakistan Humanitarian Response Plan 2010
tractor/trailer). Flood-affected communities will continue
to be served by airlift operations. Road access is
currently available for light vehicles through Kalam up
to Ultror (KPK).
Amount 44% Funded
Community Restoration Remaining required
56%
Cluster members are carrying out early recovery needs 661,180,978
activities that are labour intensive and enhance the
skill-set of the flood-affected population. Non-farm
employment has the potential to swiftly provide
employment opportunities to the labour force more of
which has become unemployed due to the floods.
Activities include: ILO (in Sukkur, Muzaffargarh, As of 4 November 2010 (All values in US$)
Mansehra, Nowshera), Qatar Charity (in Rajanpur),
Mercy Corps (in Qamber Shahdadkot, Khairpur), Detailed information on funds committed and pledged
Concern Worlwide (in Nowshera, Charsadda, Sibbi and against both plans is available on the FTS website, at:
Jacobabad), and Save the Children-Alliance (in Swat), http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/fts.nsf/doc105?OpenForm&r
along with Acted and JICA are involved in community c=3&cc=pak
based infrastructure rehabilitation and non-farm
livelihoods. The cluster is also facilitating area-based

Contact Information
OCHA, Islamabad
Manuel Bessler • Head of Office • bessler@un.org
Stacey Winston • Public Information Officer • winston@un.org +92 300 850 2397
OCHA, New York
Severine Rey • rey@un.org +1 917 403 7960
OCHA, Geneva
Yasmine Rockenfellar • rockenfeller@un.org +41 79 217 3041

OCHA Pakistan, Serena Business Complex, Sector G-5, Islamabad, Pakistan • Tel +92 (51) 2600254-5 • www.pakresponse.info