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Alice’s Adventures In Wonderland


Lewis Carroll

Illustrated by

John Tenniel

Down the Rabbit-Hole

LICE WAS beginning to get very tired of sitting by
her sister on the bank, and of having nothing to
do: once or twice she had peeped into the book
her sister was reading, but it had no pictures or conver-
sations in it, “and what is the use of a book,” thought
Alice “without pictures or conversation?”
So she was considering in her own mind (as well as
she could, for the hot day made her feel very sleepy and
stupid), whether the pleasure of making a daisy-chain
would be worth the trouble of getting up and picking
the daisies, when suddenly a White Rabbit with pink
eyes ran close by her.
There was nothing so
very remarkable in that;
nor did Alice think it so
very much out of the way
to hear the Rabbit say to
itself, “Oh dear! Oh dear! I
shall be late!” (when she
thought it over afterwards,
it occurred to her that she
This edition is based on the public domain text and drawings ought to have wondered
available from the Gutenburg project. at this, but at the time it
all seemed quite natural);
Typeset by Andrew D. Birrell, 1994. but when the Rabbit actu-
Set in 11 point Nofret, using Adobe Illustrator. ally took a watch out of its


waistcoat-pocket, and looked at it, and then hurried on, anything about it, even if I fell off the top of the house!”
Alice started to her feet, for it flashed across her mind (Which was very likely true.)
that she had never before seen a rabbit with either a Down, down, down. Would the fall never come to an
waistcoat-pocket, or a watch to take out of it, and end! “I wonder how many miles I’ve fallen by this time?”
burning with curiosity, she ran across the field after it, she said aloud. “I must be getting somewhere near the
and fortunately was just in time to see it pop down a centre of the earth. Let me see: that would be four thou-
large rabbit-hole under the hedge. sand miles down, I think—” (for, you see, Alice had learnt
In another moment down went Alice after it, never several things of this sort in her lessons in the school-
once considering how in the world she was to get out room, and though this was not a very good opportunity
again. for showing off her knowledge, as there was no one to
The rabbit-hole went straight on like a tunnel for listen to her, still it was good practice to say it over)
some way, and then dipped suddenly down, so “—yes, that’s about the right distance—but then I wonder
suddenly that Alice had not a moment to think about what Latitude or Longitude I’ve got to?” (Alice had no
stopping herself before she found herself falling down idea what Latitude was, or Longitude either, but thought
what seemed to be a very deep well. they were nice grand words to say.)
Either the well was very deep, or she fell very slowly, Presently she began again. “I wonder if I shall fall
for she had plenty of time as she went down to look right through the earth! How funny it’ll seem to come out
about her and to wonder what was going to happen among the people that walk with their heads down-
next. First, she tried to look down and make out what ward! The Antipathies, I think—” (she was rather glad
she was coming to, but it was too dark to see anything; there was no one listening, this time, as it didn’t sound
then she looked at the sides of the well, and noticed that at all the right word) “—but I shall have to ask them
they were filled with cupboards and book-shelves; here what the name of the country is, you know. Please,
and there she saw maps and pictures hung upon pegs. Ma’am, is this New Zealand or Australia?” (and she tried
She took down a jar from one of the shelves as she to curtsey as she spoke—fancy curtseying as you’re falling
passed; it was labelled “ORANGE MARMALADE”, but to through the air! Do you think you could manage it?)
her great disappointment it was empty: she did not like “And what an ignorant little girl she’ll think me for
to drop the jar for fear of killing somebody, so managed asking! No, it’ll never do to ask: perhaps I shall see it
to put it into one of the cupboards as she fell past it. written up somewhere.”
“Well!” thought Alice to herself, “after such a fall as Down, down, down. There was nothing else to do, so
this, I shall think nothing of tumbling down stairs! How Alice soon began talking again. “Dinah’ll miss me very
brave they’ll all think me at home! Why, I wouldn’t say much to-night, I should think!” (Dinah was the cat.) “I


get out again. and when Alice had been all the way down would be of very little use without my shoulders. but it was all dark lock. hurrying down it. but you might all made of solid glass. and to her overhead. as she on the second couldn’t answer either question. but she could hanging from the roof. she tried the little Alice was not a bit hurt. you see. as it turned a small passage. There are no mice in the air.hope they’ll remember her saucer of milk at tea-time. and saying to her very not noticed before. one side and up the other. There fitted! was not a moment to be lost: away went Alice like the Alice opened the door and found that it led into a wind. Dinah. earnestly. or the key was too small. and the fall fifteen inches high: was over. However. if I only know how to begin. and the great delight it White Rabbit was still in sight. She felt that she was dozing off. you see. trying every door. you know. but.” For. How she longed to get out of the Rabbit was no longer to be seen: she found herself that dark hall. and wander about among those beds of in a long. I wonder?” And here Alice began to get might belong to one of the doors of the hall. but they were my head would go through. alas! rather sleepy. I’m afraid. But tiny golden key. “Oh my ears and whiskers. she walked how I wish I could shut up like a telescope! I think I sadly down the middle. which was lit up by a row of lamps bright flowers and those cool fountains. how late it’s getting!” knelt down and looked along the passage into the love- She was close behind it when she turned the corner. so 3 . it didn’t much matter time round. “and even if There were doors all round the hall. came upon a low and had just begun to dream that she was walking curtain she had hand in hand with Dinah. but liest garden you ever saw. and went on saying to herself. and she jumped up on to golden key in the her feet in a moment: she looked up. not much larger than a rat-hole: she corner. “Do bats eat cats?” for. before her was another long passage.” thought poor Alice. “Now. sometimes. and that’s very like a mouse. and Alice’s first thought was that it do cats eat bats. she which way she put it. sort of way. low hall. there was nothing on it except a catch a bat. in a dreamy either the locks were too large. tell me the truth: did you ever and behind it was eat a bat?” when suddenly. and was just in time to hear it say. “it all locked. thump! thump! down she a little door about came upon a heap of sticks and dry leaves. Oh. not even get her head though the doorway. wondering how she was ever to could. Dinah my dear! I wish you were down here with me! Suddenly she came upon a little three-legged table. “Do cats eat bats? Do cats eat bats?” and but at any rate it would not open any of them.

custard. (“which certainly was not * * * * * * * here before. and finding it very nice. however. all because into that lovely garden. “No. toffee. “I must be shutting little Alice was not going to do that in a hurry.” look first. I wonder what I should be like poker will burn you if you then?” And she tried to fancy what the flame of a candle hold it too long. rules for shutting people up like telescopes: this time she found a little bottle on it. “and see whether it’s marked ‘poison’ And so it was indeed: she was now only ten inches or not”. and that is like after the candle is blown out. Alice ventured to taste it. (it had. half hoping she pine-apple. she found she could not possibly is almost certain to reach it: she could see it quite plainly through the glass. alas had never forgotten that. First. she found she you drink much from a had forgotten the little golden key. a sort of mixed flavour of cherry-tart. so she went back to the table. that a red-hot altogether. door. finding that nothing more happened.” it back to the table for it. It was all very well to say “Drink me. I’ll up like a telescope. roast turkey. you know. it After a while. Alice had begun to think that very few things indeed However. she waited for a they would not remember few minutes to see if she was going to shrink any the simple rules their further: she felt a little nervous about this.many out-of-the-way things had happened lately. for she had read several nice little histories high. There seemed to be no use in waiting by the little in fact. but.” so were really impossible. this bottle was not marked “poison. sooner and she tried her best to climb up one of the legs of the 4 . or at any rate a book of she very soon finished it off. and hot buttered toast. and she she decided on going into the garden at once. for she could not if you cut your finger very remember ever having seen such a thing. usually bleeds. disagree with you. like a candle. and her face brightened up at the thought that she about children who had got burnt. if for poor Alice! when she got to the door.) and round the neck of the * * * * * * bottle was a paper label. that or later. “in my going out such as.” but the wise “What a curious feeling!” said Alice. and when she went bottle marked “poison. with the words “DRINK ME” * * * * * * * beautifully printed on it in large letters.” said Alice.” she said. deeply with a knife.) might find another key on it.” said Alice to herself. and eaten up by was now the right size for going through the little door wild beasts and other unpleasant things. “for it might friends had taught them: end.

herself out with trying. “to pretend to be two people! Why. and very soon finished off the and cried. rather sharply.” said Alice. I can reach the key. there’s hardly enough of me left to make one respectable person!” Soon her eye fell on a little glass box that was lying under the table: she opened it. for this curious child was very fond of pretending to be two people. and she was quite surprised to find that she remained the same size: to be sure. I’ll eat it. this generally happens when one eats cake. “Come. cake. and said anxiously to herself. and sometimes * * * * * * * she scolded herself so severely as to bring tears into her eyes. “I advise you to leave off this * * * * * * * minute!” She generally gave herself very good advice. “Well. and if it makes me grow smaller. “Which way? Which way?”. and when she had tired the common way. and found in it a very small cake. and I don’t care which happens!” She ate a little bit. table. * * * * * * (though she very seldom followed it). that it seemed quite dull and stupid for life to go on in 5 . there’s no use in crying like that!” said Alice to herself. and once she remembered trying to box her own ears for having cheated herself in a game of croquet she was playing against herself. “But it’s no use now. but it was too slippery. holding her hand on the top of her head to feel which way it was growing. so either way I’ll get into the garden. “and if it makes me grow larger.” thought poor Alice. I can creep under the door. the poor little thing sat down So she set to work. but Alice had got so much into the way of expecting nothing but out-of-the-way things to happen. on which the words “EAT ME” were beautifully marked in currants.

“Oh! the And she went on planning to herself how she would Duchess. that for the moment she quite ever: she sat down and began to cry again. The Pool of Tears Poor Alice! It was as much as she could do. sure I shan’t be able! I shall be a great deal too far off to After a time she heard a little pattering of feet in the trouble myself about you: you must manage the best distance.” (she might well say this). forgot how to speak good English). but to get through was more hopeless than much surprised.” thought coming. and she hastily dried her eyes to see what was way you can. I wonder who will there was a large pool all round her. shedding gallons of tears. the Duchess! Oh! won’t she be savage if I’ve manage it. and she CHAPTER II at once took up the little golden key and hurried off to the garden door. I tell you!” But she they seemed to be almost out of sight. dropped the white kid Alice’s Right Foot. sir—” The Rabbit started violently. “If you please. Near The Fender. “or perhaps they won’t walk the way I want to go! dressed. with a pair of white kid gloves in one hand and Let me see: I’ll give them a new pair of boots every a large fan in the other: he came trotting along in a Christmas. she kept fanning herself all the time she went on talking: “Dear. feet!” (for when she looked down at her feet. as the hall (With Alice’s Love). to look through into the garden with “C URIOUSER and curiouser!” cried Alice (she was so one eye. splendidly Alice. It was the White Rabbit returning. kept her waiting!” Alice felt so desperate that she was “and how funny it’ll seem. I Just then her head struck against the roof of the hall: wonder if I’ve been changed in the night? Let me think: 6 . my poor little feet. “They must go by the carrier. “a opening out like the largest telescope that ever was! great girl like you. “now I’m “You ought to be ashamed of yourself. gloves and the fan. in fact she was now more than nine feet high. “Oh. until so far off). “to go on Good-bye.” great hurry. what nonsense I’m talking!” today! And yesterday things went on just as usual. crying in this way! Stop this moment. so. Esq. about four inches put on your shoes and stockings for you now. and. was very hot. they were getting went on all the same. sending presents to one’s own ready to ask help of any one.” she thought. Alice took up the fan and gloves. lying down on one side.” said Alice. timid voice. she began. as hard as he could go. when the Rabbit came feet! And how odd the directions will look! near her. in a low. dears? I’m deep and reaching half down the hall. muttering to himself as he came. —but I must be kind to them. and skurried away into the darkness Hearthrug. dear! How queer everything is Oh dear.

things, and she, oh! she knows such a very little! Besides,
she’s she, and I’m I, and—oh dear, how puzzling it all is!
I’ll try if I know all the things I used to know. Let me see:
four times five is twelve, and four times six is thirteen,
and four times seven is—oh dear! I shall never get to
twenty at that rate! However, the Multiplication Table
doesn’t signify: let’s try Geography. London is the capital
of Paris, and Paris is the capital of Rome, and Rome—no,
that’s all wrong, I’m certain! I must have been changed
for Mabel! I’ll try and say ‘How doth the little—’” and she
crossed her hands on her lap as if she were saying
lessons, and began to repeat it, but her voice sounded
hoarse and strange, and the words did not come the
same as they used to do:—

“How doth the little crocodile
Improve his shining tail,
And pour the waters of the Nile
On every golden scale!

“How cheerfully he seems to grin,
was I the same when I got up this morning? I almost How neatly spread his claws,
think I can remember feeling a little different. But if I’m And welcome little fishes in
not the same, the next question is, Who in the world am With gently smiling jaws!”
I? Ah, that’s the great puzzle!” And she began thinking
over all the children she knew that were of the same age “I’m sure those are not the right words,” said poor Alice,
as herself, to see if she could have been changed for any and her eyes filled with tears again as she went on, “I
of them. must be Mabel after all, and I shall have to go and live
“I’m sure I’m not Ada,” she said, “for her hair goes in in that poky little house, and have next to no toys to
such long ringlets, and mine doesn’t go in ringlets at all; play with, and oh! ever so many lessons to learn! No,
and I’m sure I can’t be Mabel, for I know all sorts of I’ve made up my mind about it; if I’m Mabel, I’ll stay


down here! It’ll be no use their putting their heads into the sea, “and in that case I can go back by railway,”
down and saying ‘Come up again, dear!’ I shall only she said to herself. (Alice had been to the seaside once
look up and say ‘Who am I then? Tell me that first, and in her life, and had come to the general conclusion, that
then, if I like being that person, I’ll come up: if not, I’ll wherever you go to on the English coast you find a
stay down here till I’m somebody else’—but, oh dear!” number of bathing machines in the sea, some children
cried Alice, with a sudden burst of tears, “I do wish they digging in the sand with wooden spades, then a row of
would put their heads down! I am so very tired of being lodging houses, and behind them a railway station.)
all alone here!” However, she soon made out that she was in the pool of
As she said this she looked down at her hands, and tears which she had wept when she was nine feet high.
was surprised to see that she had put on one of the
Rabbit’s little white kid gloves while she was talking.
“How can I have done that?” she thought. “I must be
growing small again.” She got up and went to the table
to measure herself by it, and found that, as nearly as she
could guess, she was now about two feet high, and was
going on shrinking rapidly: she soon found out that the
cause of this was the fan she was holding, and she
dropped it hastily, just in time to avoid shrinking away
“That was a narrow escape!” said Alice, a good deal
frightened at the sudden change, but very glad to find
herself still in existence; “and now for the garden!” and
she ran with all speed back to the little door: but, alas!
the little door was shut again, and the little golden key
was lying on the glass table as before, “and things are
worse than ever,” thought the poor child, “for I never
was so small as this before, never! And I declare it’s too “I wish I hadn’t cried so much!” said Alice, as she
bad, that it is!” swam about, trying to find her way out. “I shall be
As she said these words her foot slipped, and in punished for it now, I suppose, by being drowned in my
another moment, splash! she was up to her chin in salt own tears! That will be a queer thing, to be sure!
water. Her first idea was that she had somehow fallen However, everything is queer to-day.”


Just then she heard something splashing about in and seemed to her to wink with one of its little eyes, but
the pool a little way off, and she swam nearer to make it said nothing.
out what it was: at first she thought it must be a walrus “Perhaps it doesn’t understand English,” thought Alice;
or hippopotamus, but then she remembered how small “I daresay it’s a French mouse, come over with William
she was now, and she soon made out that it was only a the Conqueror.” (For, with all her knowledge of history,
mouse that had slipped in like herself. Alice had no very clear notion how long ago anything
had happened.) So she began again: “Ou est ma chatte?”
which was the first sentence in her French lesson-book.
The Mouse gave a sudden leap out of the water, and
seemed to quiver all over with fright. “Oh, I beg your
pardon!” cried Alice hastily, afraid that she had hurt the
poor animal’s feelings. “I quite forgot you didn’t like cats.”
“Not like cats!” cried the Mouse, in a shrill, passionate
voice. “Would you like cats if you were me?”
“Well, perhaps not,” said Alice in a soothing tone:
“don’t be angry about it. And yet I wish I could show
you our cat Dinah: I think you’d take a fancy to cats if
you could only see her. She is such a dear quiet thing,”
Alice went on, half to herself, as she swam lazily about
in the pool, “and she sits purring so nicely by the fire,
“Would it be of any use, now,” thought Alice, “to licking her paws and washing her face—and she is such a
speak to this mouse? Everything is so out-of-the-way nice soft thing to nurse—and she’s such a capital one for
down here, that I should think very likely it can talk: at catching mice—oh, I beg your pardon!” cried Alice again,
any rate, there’s no harm in trying.” So she began: “O for this time the Mouse was bristling all over, and she
Mouse, do you know the way out of this pool? I am felt certain it must be really offended. “We won’t talk
very tired of swimming about here, O Mouse!” (Alice about her any more if you’d rather not.”
thought this must be the right way of speaking to a “We indeed!” cried the Mouse, who was trembling
mouse: she had never done such a thing before, but she down to the end of his tail. “As if I would talk on such a
remembered having seen in her brother’s Latin subject! Our family always hated cats: nasty, low, vulgar
Grammar, “A mouse—of a mouse—to a mouse—a mouse— things! Don’t let me hear the name again!”
O mouse!”) The Mouse looked at her rather inquisitively, “I won’t indeed!” said Alice, in a great hurry to change


“Let us get to the shore. Silence all round. as if she had known the pool as it went. and making quite a commotion in herself talking familiarly with them. if you please! ‘William the Conqueror. she had quite a long argument So she called softly after it. it this Alice would not allow without knowing how old it turned round and swam slowly back to her: its face was was. Alice kept her eyes anxiously fixed on it. say. and then At last the Mouse. and. whose cause was favoured by the pope. Alice thought). quite pale (with passion.” and listen to me! I’ll soon make you dry enough!” They It was high time to go. who seemed to be a person of I’ll tell you my history. who at last turned sulky. it’s worth a hundred to them. for the pool was getting quite all sat down at once. “Mouse dear! Do come with the Lory. such long curly brown hair! T And it’ll fetch things when you throw them. and you’ll understand why it is I authority among them. “I am older than you. you know. who wanted leaders. in a large ring. and all dripping wet. you feathers. “Are you—are you fond—of—of dogs?” The Mouse did not answer. and uncomfortable. and all sorts of things—I can’t assembled on the bank—the birds with draggled remember half of them—and it belongs to a farmer.the subject of conversation. as the Lory positively refused to tell its age. a Lory and an Eaglet. and the whole party swam to the shore. with oh. “are you all ready? This is the driest thing I know. for it: there were a Duck and a Dodo. and it said in a there was no more to be said. and we won’t talk about cats or dogs either. them all her life. so Alice CHAPTER III went on eagerly: “There is such a nice little dog near our house I should like to show you! A little bright-eyed A Caucus-Race and a Long Tale terrier. get dry very soon. how to get dry Alice in a sorrowful tone. was soon submitted to by the English. the animals with their fur clinging close know. low trembling voice. and must know better”. hate cats and dogs. with the Mouse in crowded with the birds and animals that had fallen into the middle. and had been of 10 . Alice led the way. cross. and he says it’s so useful. Indeed. and would only back again. pounds! He says it kills all the rats and—oh dear!” cried The first question of course was. called out. she felt sure she would catch a bad cold if she did not and several other curious creatures. and if you don’t like them!” When the Mouse heard this. “Sit down. all of you. “I’m afraid I’ve offended it again: they had a consultation about this. and after a again!” For the Mouse was swimming away from her as few minutes it seemed quite natural to Alice to find hard as it could go. “Ahem!” said the Mouse with an important air. and it’ll sit HEY WERE indeed a queer-looking party that up and beg for its dinner.

some winter day.” the Mouse replied rather crossly: “of “Speak English!” said the Eaglet. the patriotic arch. and no one else seemed inclined to say anything.) First it marked out a race-course. The Mouse did not notice this question. rising to its bishop of Canterbury. the earls of Mercia and Northum. “In that case. I will tell you how the Dodo managed it. “What I was going to say. I “I know what ‘it’ means well enough.” declared for him: and even Stigand.” said Alice in a melancholy tone: “it ‘Edwin and Morcar. “Why. and. “I move that the meeting adjourn.” said the Dodo solemnly. “the best way to explain it is to do it. my dear?” it continued. but hurri- bria—’” edly went on.” said the Dodo in an offended tone.) and then all the party were placed along the course. diate adoption of more energetic remedies—” “Found it. “was. its head to hide a smile: some of the other birds tittered audibly. 11 . “I thought you did. (“the exact shape doesn’t matter. as you might like to try the thing yourself. “Not I!” said the Lory hastily. “As wet as ever. “‘—found it advisable to go with Edgar “Ugh!” said the Lory. that the best thing to get us dry would be a Caucus-race. turning to Alice as it spoke.” (And. The question is. frowning.” “What is a Caucus-race?” said Alice.” it said.” said the Dodo.” meaning of half those long words.” said the Duck: “it’s generally a frog or a worm. for the imme- “Found what?” said the Duck. “—I proceed. “I beg your pardon!” said the Mouse. here and there. doesn’t seem to dry me at all.” said the Mouse. but the Dodo had paused as if it thought that somebody ought to speak. the earls of Mercia and Northumbria. not that she wanted much to know. what did the archbishop find?” Edwin and Morcar. “I don’t know the course you know what ‘it’ means. with a shiver. Atheling to meet William and offer him the crown. but William’s conduct at first was moderate. But the very politely: “Did you speak?” insolence of his Normans—’ How are you getting on now. what’s more. found it advisable—’” feet. in a sort of circle. when I find a don’t believe you do either!” And the Eaglet bent down thing. late much accustomed to usurpation and conquest.

as the large birds complained them round as prizes. with one finger. and all must have prizes. choked and had to be patted on the back. 12 . finished this “Everybody has won. “But who is to give the prizes?” quite a chorus of they all cheered. and took the thimble. Alice thought the whole thing very absurd. but they “Why. and it sat for a long time with one this elegant finger pressed upon its forehead (the position in which thimble”. you know. two. However. pointing to Alice all looked so grave that she did not dare to laugh.” but they Then they began running when they liked. and the whole party at once crowded as she could not think of anything to say. and in despair she put could. when it had while the rest waited in silence. However. and. “Mine is a long and a sad tale!” said the Mouse.” she added Alice. There was exactly one a-piece all that they could not taste theirs. you know.” have you got in your pocket?” he went on. so that it was not easy to know when the race was round her once over. and the small ones round. “Hand it over here. “What else “You promised to tell me your history. looking as solemn as she Alice had no idea what to do. half afraid that it would be offended again. “Prizes! Prizes!” bowed. “Only a thimble. and asking. “and why it is you hate—C and D. while the hour or so. and handed some noise and confusion.” said the Dodo. There was no “One. and they sat down again in a ring. “Of course. and the Mouse. and left off when they all crowded liked. calling out in a confused way. she.” the Dodo replied very gravely. “But who has thimble. in a whisper. when they had been running half an more. she simply round her. the Dodo Dodo solemnly suddenly called out “The race is over!” and they all presented the crowded round it. in the pictures of him). begged the Mouse to tell them something more. her hand in her pocket.” short speech. of course. saying won?” “We beg your This question the Dodo could not answer without a acceptance of great deal of thought.” said was over at last. and.” said Alice sadly. it “But she must have a prize herself. you usually see Shakespeare. voices asked. and were quite dry again. three. At last the Dodo said. turning to said Alice. and sighing. The next thing was to eat the comfits: this caused (luckily the salt water had not got into it). and away. and pulled out a box of comfits. turning to Alice.” said the Dodo. panting.

“but why do you call it “What are you thinking of?” sad?” And she kept on puzzling about it while the “I beg your pardon. with wonder at the Mouse’s tail. such nonsense!” I’ll take no denial. useful. With no soon as it was quite out of sight. addressing nobody in particular.” said Alice. “Oh.’ oyster!” Said cun. please Said the do!” but the Mouse only shook its head impatiently. certainly. mouse. as dear Sir. and an old Crab took jury or judge. ‘Such a trial. “You’re enough to try the patience of an judge. “You insult me by talking you. “She’d soon try the whole fetch it back!” cause. walked a little quicker. “Yes. so that her idea of the tale was had got to the fifth bend. morning “Please come back and finish your story!” Alice called I’ve noth- ing to do. always ready to make herself he met in the house. looking down “You are not attending!” said the Mouse to Alice severely. sharply and very angrily. if I might venture to ask the ques- con- demn tion?” said the Lory. and mouse to the cur. That “A knot!” said Alice. “I wish I had our Dinah here. “What a pity it wouldn’t stay!” sighed the Lory. my dear! would be Let this be a lesson to you never to lose your temper!” wasting our “Hold your tongue. law: I will prosecute getting up and walking away.—Come.’ after it. and the others all joined in chorus. I think?” something like this:— “Fury said to a “I had not!” cried the Mouse. “It is a long tail. and looking anxiously about her.’ ‘I’ll be snappishly.’” Alice replied eagerly. Ma!” said the young Crab. the opportunity of saying to her daughter “Ah. and “And who is Dinah. you know!” trial: For really this- The Mouse only growled in reply. I know I do!” said Alice ning old Fury: ‘I’ll aloud. you to death.” said the Mouse. “But you’re so must have a easily offended. We “I didn’t mean it!” pleaded poor Alice. I’ll be jury. do let me ‘Let us both help to undo it!” go to “I shall do nothing of the sort.” said Alice very humbly: “you Mouse was speaking. a little breath. for she was always ready to 13 .

as she went in the distance. as if it had remarking. and fetch me a pair of gloves and a fan! Quick. “Come away. and the great more!” And here poor Alice began to cry again. Mary Ann. she again heard a little pattering of footsteps Very soon the Rabbit noticed Alice. and was coming “Why.” As she said this. had felt very lonely and low-spirited. “How surprised he’ll be when he finds out who I am! But I’d better take him his fan and gloves—that is. “Nobody seems to like her. if I can find them. and Alice was soon left alone. and called out to her in an angry tone. the night-air lost something. Magpie began wrapping itself up very carefully. what are you doing out here? Run back to finish his story. In a little while. wonder?” Alice guessed in a moment that it was looking “I wish I hadn’t mentioned Dinah!” she said to herself for the fan and the pair of white kid gloves. and she heard it muttering to itself doesn’t suit my throat!” and a Canary called out in a “The Duchess! The Duchess! Oh my dear paws! Oh my trembling voice to its children. home this moment. as sure as It’s high time you were all in bed!” On various pretexts ferrets are ferrets! Where can I have dropped them. but here. down very good-naturedly began hunting about for them. and she in a melancholy tone. now!” And Alice was so much frightened that she ran off at once in the direction it pointed to. vanished completely. without trying to explain the mistake it had made. I they all moved off. Some of the birds hurried off at once: one old T WAS THE White Rabbit. RABBIT” engraved upon 14 . with the glass table and the little door. and she looked up eagerly. “He took me for his housemaid. however.” she said to herself as she ran. she’ll eat a little bird as soon as look at it!” The Rabbit Sends in a Little Bill This speech caused a remarkable sensation among I the about her pet: “Dinah’s our cat. and looking anxiously about as it went. trotting slowly back again. she came upon a neat little house. they were nowhere to be seen—everything seemed to my dear Dinah! I wonder if I shall ever see you any have changed since her swim in the pool. that the Mouse had changed his mind. for she hall. And she’s such a capital one for catching mice you can’t think! And oh. and I’m sure she’s the best cat in the world! Oh. half hoping hunting about. I CHAPTER IV wish you could see her after the birds! Why. on the door of which was a bright brass plate with the name “W. “I really must be getting home. my dears! fur and whiskers! She’ll get me executed.

and very soon had to kneel going messages for a rabbit! I suppose Dinah’ll be down on the floor: in another minute there was not sending me on messages next!” And she began fancying even room for this.” she said to herself. and hurried upstairs. get out at the door—I do wish I hadn’t drunk quite so and be turned out of the house before she had found much!” the fan and gloves. nurse! But I’ve got to see that the mouse doesn’t and. and said to let Dinah stop in the house if it began ordering people herself “Now I can do no more. She hastily put down the bottle.’ Only I don’t think. whatever happens. I do hope it’ll make me grow large again. “that they’d window. and she grew no larger: still it was very hoped) a fan and two or three pairs of tiny white kid uncomfortable. when her eye fell upon a little bottle that stood near the looking-glass. and the other here directly. “whenever I eat or drink anything. and. Alas! it was too late to wish that! She went on “How queer it seems. and had to stoop to save her neck from being broken. and much sooner than she had expected: before she had drunk half the bottle. so I’ll just see what this bottle does. no was just going to leave the room. enough—I hope I shan’t grow any more—As it is.” Alice said to herself. and chance of her ever getting out of the room again. I can’t in great fear lest she should meet the real Mary Ann. What about like that!” will become of me?” By this time she had found her way into a tidy little Luckily for Alice. and get ready for your walk!’ ‘Coming in a arm curled round her head. “to be growing. minute. and growing. she put one arm out of the get out. as a last resource. for really I’m quite tired of being such a tiny little thing!” It did so indeed. she found her head pressing against the ceiling. saying to herself “That’s quite 15 . and on it (as she had its full effect. There was no label this time with the words “DRINK ME.” but nevertheless she uncorked it and put it to her lips. “I know something interesting is sure to Still she went on growing.” Alice went on. She went in without knocking. the little magic bottle had now had room with a table in the window. and she tried the effect of lying the sort of thing that would happen: “‘Miss Alice! Come down with one elbow against the door. and one foot up the chimney. as there seemed to be no sort of gloves: she took up the fan and a pair of the gloves.

and a crash of grown up now. I shouldn’t like that!” Next came an angry “Oh. “Digging for apples. “Mary Ann! Mary Ann!” said the voice. “Now tell me. but she There ought to be a book written about me. wonder she felt unhappy. I almost wish failure. and no room at all for any lesson-books!” then a voice she had And so she went on.” thought Alice. it’s an arm. “How voice—the Rabbit’s—“Pat! can you learn lessons in here? Why. “An arm. Alice heard it say to itself “Then I’ll go round and I hadn’t gone down that rabbit-hole—and yet—and get in at the window. this sort of life! I do “That you won’t” thought Alice. “at least broken glass. then I’m here! Digging gether. be an old woman—but then—always to have lessons to or something of the sort. read fairy-tales. but.”) afraid of it. from which there’s no room to grow up any more here. to open it.” thought poor Alice. yer honour!” outside. and Alice’s “when one wasn’t always growing larger and smaller. Alice knew it was the Rabbit coming to more broken glass. there’s hardly room Pat! Where are you?” And for you. taking first one side and then never heard before. and she trembled till she shook the house. and. and now here I am in the middle of one! in the air. and had no reason to be “arrum. you foolish Alice!” she answered herself. “Here! Come and help me out of this!” (Sounds of on the stairs. and elbow was pressed hard against it. after waiting till wonder what can have happened to me! When I used to she fancied she heard the Rabbit just under the window. I fancied that kind of thing never she suddenly spread out her hand. Presently the Rabbit came up to the door. and made a snatch happened. that there heard a little shriek and a ought! And when I grow up.” she added in a sorrowful tone.” yet—it’s rather curious. She did not get hold of anything. and tried “It was much pleasanter at home. and stopped to listen. as the door opened inwards. one way—never to into a cucumber-frame. but after a few minutes she heard a voice for apples. learn! Oh. I’ll write one—but I’m fall. Pat. and making quite a conversation of it alto. “Sure the other. “shall I never get any older just possible it had fallen than I am now? That’ll be a comfort. “Fetch me my indeed!” said the Rabbit gloves this moment!” Then came a little pattering of feet angrily.) look for her. you know. what’s that in the window?” quite forgetting that she was now about a thousand “Sure. you goose! Who ever saw one that size? 16 . that attempt proved a being ordered about by mice and rabbits. yer honour!” (He pronounced it times as large as the Rabbit.” she concluded that it was “But then.

such as. put ’em up at this squeaking voice. I fancy—Who’s to go down the chimney?—Nay. I don’t couldn’t guess of what sort it was) scratching and scram- like it. Heads below!” (a loud crash)—“Now.) “Well. old fellow!” said chimney!” the others. to be sure. and more sounds of broken glass. who did that?—It something comes at me like a was Bill. has he?” “We must burn the house said Alice to herself. “Sure. other—Bill! fetch it here. thank ye. at all. you by out of the window. made another snatch in the air. I hadn’t to bring but one. and waited till she heard a little animal (she only hear whispers now and then. don’t be know—No more. Bill! catch hold of this rope—Will the better now—but I’m a deal too roof bear?—Mind that loose slate—Oh. it’s coming down! flustered to tell you—all I know is. it’s got no business there. “Shy. you bling about in the chimney close above her: then. and don’t want to stay in here any longer!” then another confusion of voic- She waited for some time without hearing anything es—“Hold up his head—Brandy more: at last came a rumbling of little cartwheels. I Jack-in-the-box. I only wish they could! I’m sure I the hedge!” then silence. yer honour: but it’s an arm for all that. lad!—Here. Bill’s got the Last came a little feeble. little shrieks.Why. and Alice could could. at any rate: go and a little!” take it away!” She drew her foot as far down the chimney as she There was a long silence after this.” this fireplace is narrow.” she gave one sharp kick. I’m particular—Here. they seem to put everything down!” said the Rabbit’s voice. and now—Don’t choke him—How was the sound of a good many voices all talking together: it. it does.” corner—No. (“That’s Bill. “I wonder what they’ll do next! As for pulling me voice along—“Catch him. This time there were two and waited to see what would happen next. and up I goes shan’t! You do it!—That I won’t. it fills the whole window!” upon Bill! I wouldn’t be in Bill’s place for a good deal: “Sure. then!—Bill’s to go like a sky-rocket!” down—Here. I hardly high enough yet—Oh! they’ll do well enough. and saying to herself “This is Bill. old fellow? What happened to she made out the words: “Where’s the other you? Tell us all about it!” ladder?—Why. yer honour. at all!” “Do as I tell you. tie ’em together first—they don’t reach half thought Alice. coward!” and at last she spread out her hand again. but I think I can kick “Well. 17 . “What a The first thing she heard was a general chorus of number of cucumber-frames there must be!” thought “There goes Bill!” then the Rabbit’s Alice. Bill! the master says you’re to go down the “So you did. “Oh! So Bill’s got to come down the chimney.

” she said trying to touch her. but she had not in a great hurry.” There was a dead silence instantly.” said Alice to herself. and tumbled head over little animals and birds waiting outside. it puppy jumped into the air off all its feet at once. “You’d better not do that coaxing tone. I suppose. and a bright idea came into her head. for the next moment a shower of little An enormous puppy was looking down at her with pebbles came rattling in at the window. thinking it Lizard. and was believe to worry it. the only difficulty was. and the second thing is to find my way set Dinah at you!” into that lovely garden. guinea-pigs. and two. and “The first thing I’ve got to do. she picked up a little these cakes. the Rabbit say. They all made a rush at Alice the moment she feet.and Alice called out as loud as she could. then Alice dodged behind a great delighted to find that she began shrinking directly. and Alice heard while she was peering about anxiously among the trees. The poor little heels in its hurry to get hold of it. they’d take the roof off. I’ll right size again. no doubt. “I’ll put a stop to this. with its tongue hanging out of its 18 . to begin with. and very to herself. whereupon the in my size. running a very little found herself safe in a thick wood. in a to herself.” a little sharp bark just over her head made her look up “A barrowful of what?” thought Alice. “Poor little thing!” said Alice. and soon a series of short charges at the stick. was terribly frightened all the time at the thought that it Alice noticed with some surprise that the pebbles might be hungry. as barking hoarsely all the while. the puppy she ran out of the house. in which case it would be very likely were all turning into little cakes as they lay on the floor. As thistle. but she again!” which produced another dead silence. then the puppy began appeared. who were giving it something out of a and expecting every moment to be trampled under its bottle. long to doubt.” yelp of delight. “A barrowful will do. but she ran off as hard as she could. being held up by two was very like having a game of play with a cart-horse. and Alice thought It sounded an excellent plan. “I wonder what they will do next! If they had neatly and simply arranged. them hit her in the face. and as it can’t possibly make me larger. and made So she swallowed one of the cakes. and shouted out. and found quite a crowd of made another rush at the stick. and she tried hard to whistle to it. to keep herself from being run over. and some of large round eyes. they began moving about again. and rushed at the stick. and the soon as she was small enough to get through the door. to eat her up in spite of all her coaxing. “If I eat one of Hardly knowing what she did. I think that will be the best plan. way forwards each time and a long way back. till at last it sat down a she wandered about in the wood. Bill. was in the middle. “it’s sure to make some change bit of stick. and held it out to the puppy. with a must make me smaller. and feebly stretching out one paw. “is to grow to my good way off. that any sense.” she thought. ran round the thistle again. moment she appeared on the other side. panting.” After a minute or she had not the smallest idea how to set about it. then Alice. “If you do.

and peeped over the edge of the mushroom. what?” The great question certainly was. and its great eyes half shut. about the same height as herself. liked teaching it tricks very much. and on both sides of it. quietly smoking a long hookah. and her eyes immediately met those of a large caterpillar. that was sitting on the top with its arms folded. She stretched herself up on tiptoe. so she set off at once. it occurred to her that she might as well look and see what was on the top of it. and ran till she was quite tired and out of breath. This seemed to Alice a good opportunity for making her escape. and behind it. what? Alice looked all round her at the flowers and the blades of grass. There was a large mushroom growing near her. if—if I’d only been the right size to do it! Oh dear! I’d nearly forgotten that I’ve got to grow up again! Let me see—how is it to be managed? I suppose I ought to eat or drink something or other. mouth. “And yet what a dear little puppy it was!” said Alice. but the great question is. and taking not the smallest notice of her or of anything else. and when she had looked under it. but she did not see anything that looked like the right thing to eat or drink under the circumstances. and fanned herself with one of the leaves: “I should have 19 . and till the puppy’s bark sounded quite faint in the distance. as she leant against a buttercup to rest herself.

and being so many different sizes in a day is very “You!” said the Caterpillar contemptuously. Alice felt a little irritated at the Cater- “but when you have to turn into a chrysalis—you will pillar’s making such very short remarks. the conversation. Alice replied.” with. rather shyly.” “Not a bit.” said Here was another puzzling question. “Explain yourself!” “I can’t explain myself I’m afraid. you know—and then after that into a butterfly.” said Alice. you ought to I should think you’ll feel it a little queer. and as Alice 20 . it would feel very queer to me.” “I don’t see. but I think I must have been changed several times since then. perhaps your feelings may be different. “I’m afraid I can’t put it more clearly. sir” said Alice. just at present—at least I know who I was when I got up this morning. sir. won’t you?” tell me who you are.” you?” “It isn’t. “for I can’t understand it myself to begin Alice. you see. “all I know is. Which brought them back again to the beginning of “Well. “because I’m not myself. first. perhaps you haven’t found it so yet. “I—I hardly know. sleepy voice.” Alice replied very politely. “Well. herself up and said.” “What do you mean by that?” said the Caterpillar sternly. CHAPTER V Advice from a Caterpillar T HE CATERPILLAR and Alice looked at each other for some time in silence: at last the Caterpillar took the hookah out of its mouth.” said the Caterpillar. “Why?” said the Caterpillar. “Who are confusing. “Who are you?” said the Caterpillar.” said the Caterpillar. and she drew some day. and addressed her in a languid. This was not an encouraging opening for a conversa- tion. very gravely.” said the Caterpillar. “I think.

“I can’t remember things as I used—and I don’t keep the same size for ten “You are old.’ but it Do you think. “I’ve something important to say!” This sounded promising. Why. she turned away. For some minutes it puffed away without speaking.” the young man said. “No. now that I’m perfectly sure I have none.” 21 . “Is that all?” said Alice. at your age. “Keep your temper. And yet you incessantly stand on your head— “Well. Alice folded her hands. took the hookah out of its mouth again. minutes together!” “And your hair has become very white. “Can’t remember what things?” said the Caterpillar.” Father William replied to his son.” said the Caterpillar. and began:— “I feared it might injure the brain.” said the Caterpillar.’” said the Caterpillar. “Come back!” the Caterpillar called after her. Alice thought she might as well wait. and perhaps after all it might tell her something worth hearing. “So you think you’re changed. I’ve tried to say ‘How doth the little busy bee. certainly: Alice turned and came back again. it is right?” all came different!” Alice replied in a very melancholy voice. and as the Cater- pillar seemed to be in a very unpleasant state of mind. sir.” said Alice. Father William. ‘You are old. as she had nothing else to do. “In my youth. swallowing down her anger as well as she could. Father William.could not think of any good reason. I do it again and again. “Repeat. but at last it unfolded its arms. do you?” “I’m afraid I am. and said. But.

“You are old.” 22 . what is the reason of that?” Pray how did you manage to do it?” “In my youth. Yet you turned a back-somersault in at the door— Yet you finished the goose. “I kept all my limbs very supple And argued each case with my wife.” said the youth. “and your jaws are too weak And have grown most uncommonly fat. “as I mentioned before. with the bones and the beak— Pray. For anything tougher than suet.” said his father. “In my youth. which it gave to my jaw. as he shook his grey locks.” said the youth. “I took to the law. By the use of this ointment—one shilling the box— And the muscular strength.” said the sage. “You are old. Allow me to sell you a couple?” Has lasted the rest of my life.

I’m not particular as to size. Then it got down off the mushroom.” Alice hastily replied. and shook itself.” it put the hookah into its mouth and began smoking Said his father.” said the Caterpillar. Do you think I can listen all day to such stuff? This time Alice waited patiently until it chose to Be off. “some of the words have got altered. I should like to be a little larger. “don’t give yourself airs! again. timidly. In a minute or two the Caterpillar took the hookah out of its mouth and yawned once or twice.” said the Caterpillar. “one would hardly suppose angrily. and crawled away in the grass.” “It is a very good height indeed!” said the Caterpillar “You are old. Alice said nothing: she had never been so much contradicted in her life before.” said the Caterpillar. merely remarking as it went. “Oh. and that is enough. And she thought of herself. I’m afraid. and “I have answered three questions. if you wouldn’t mind. you know. “What size do you want to be?” it asked. rearing itself upright as it spoke (it was exactly That your eye was as steady as ever.” said the youth.” said Alice: “three inches is such a wretched height to be. The Caterpillar was the first to speak. “Are you content now?” said the Caterpillar.” “I don’t know. “I wish the creatures wouldn’t be so easily offended!” “You’ll get used to it in time. “Well. and there was silence for some minutes. sir. and she felt that she was losing her temper.” “It is wrong from beginning to end. “Not quite right. 23 .” said Alice. three inches high). “That is not said right. Yet you balanced an eel on the end of your nose— “But I’m not used to it!” pleaded poor Alice in a What made you so awfully clever?” piteous tone. or I’ll kick you down stairs!” speak again. “only one doesn’t like changing so often.” said the Cater- pillar decidedly.

next moment she felt a violent blow underneath her which she found to be nothing but the tops of the trees chin: it had struck her foot! under which she had been wandering. so she set to work at once to its wings. and I’ve tried banks. and was beating her violently with she was shrinking rapidly. about as she spoke. “Let me open her mouth. “And had asked it aloud. like a serpent. just as if she “What can all that green stuff be?” said Alice. when a sharp She was a good deal frightened by this very sudden hiss made her draw back in a hurry: a large pigeon had change. and added with a kind of sob. but she felt that there was no time to be lost. and “Come. She “And now which is which?” she said to herself. and was going to dive in among the leaves. my head’s free at last!” said Alice in a tone of I’ve tried hedges. I say again!” repeated the Pigeon. “I’ve tried the roots of trees. but no result seemed to follow. and had just succeeded in curving it down into a graceful nibbled a little of the right-hand bit to try the effect: the zigzag. when she looked down. bend about easily in any direction. but in a more subdued tone.” the Pigeon went on. at last she hands up to her head. but she did it at last. closely against her foot. she tried to get her head down to stretched her arms round it as far as they would go. without delight.” said the Caterpillar. stalk out of a sea of green leaves that lay far below her. and managed to alone!” swallow a morsel of the lefthand bit. trying to make out which were the except a little shaking among the distant green leaves. and in another moment it was out where have my shoulders got to? And oh. However. “but those serpents! There’s no 24 . which seemed to rise like a Alice to herself. my poor of sight.” found: all she could see. hands. and was delighted to find that her neck would broke off a bit of the edge with each hand. she found As there seemed to be no chance of getting her this a very difficult question.” * * * * * * * said Alice. eat some of the other bit. as flown into her face. “I’ve * * * * * * * tried every way. and nothing seems to suit them!” * * * * * * “I haven’t the least idea what you’re talking about. and them. how is it I can’t see you?” She was moving them Alice remained looking thoughtfully at the mush. was an “One side of what? The other side of what?” thought immense length of neck.“One side will make you grow taller. and as it was perfectly round. “Serpent. two sides of it. attending to her. room for a minute. which changed into alarm in another moment. that there was hardly room to “I’m not a serpent!” said Alice indignantly. and the other side when she found that her shoulders were nowhere to be will make you grow shorter. Her chin was pressed so “Serpent!” screamed the Pigeon. “Of the mushroom.

puzzling all these changes are! I’m never sure what I’m no! You’re a serpent. I was beginning to see its meaning. “Come. “Well! what are you?” said the Pigeon. that she was quite had finished. who I’m not looking for eggs. from one minute to another! However. who was a As she said this. but never one with such a neck as that! No. I haven’t had a wink of sleep whether you’re a little girl or a serpent?” these three weeks!” “It matters a good deal to me. and began talking to herself. she came suddenly upon an open place. Alice was more and more puzzled. “Whoever much as serpents do. to get into an egg!” that beautiful garden—how is that to be done. “but “I’m very sorry you’ve been annoyed. “I’ve seen a good many little girls as usual. the deepest contempt. I going to be. right size. “it’ll never do to come upon 25 . that’s all I can say.” said Alice hastily.” “And just as I’d taken the highest tree in the wood. silent for a minute or two.” lives there. for her neck kept they must needs come wriggling down from the sky! getting entangled among the branches. but she thought why then they’re a kind of serpent. that well enough. and if I was. until she had “I—I’m a little girl. then!” said the Pigeon in a sulky tone.” said Alice. which gave the Pigeon the “As if it wasn’t trouble enough hatching the eggs. among the trees as well as she could. that it felt quite strange at first.” there was no use in saying anything more till the Pigeon This was such a new idea to Alice. “I’m she remembered that she still held the pieces of mush- a—I’m a—” room in her hands. rather doubtfully. certainly. remembered the number of changes she had gone It was so long since she had been anything near the through that day.” opportunity of adding. “You’re looking for eggs. raising its voice to a shriek.” “Well. there’s half my plan done now! How in my time. as continued the Pigeon. and growing trying to invent something!” sometimes taller and sometimes shorter. and there’s no use denying it. you know.” said Alice. but she got “A likely story indeed!” said the Pigeon in a tone of used to it in a few minutes. very truthful child. “and it settled down again into its nest. After a while “But I’m not a serpent. Serpent!” and then she had to stop and untwist it. “but if they do. I know said the Pigeon. I tell you!” said Alice. as it happens. and she set to work very carefully.pleasing them!” “I don’t believe it. “but little girls eat eggs quite as with a little house in it about four feet high. be off. “I can see you’re nibbling first at one and then at the other. as she succeeded in bringing herself down to her usual height. I’ve suppose you’ll be telling me next that you never tasted got back to my right size: the next thing is. Alice crouched down just as I was thinking I should be free of them at last.” said Alice. and what does it matter to me ents night and day! Why.” thought Alice. I wonder?” “I have tasted eggs. and every now Ugh. “but I must be on the look-out for serp. shouldn’t want yours: I don’t like them raw.” said the Pigeon.

Alice noticed. “For the Duchess. when suddenly a footman in livery came running out of the wood—(she considered him to be a footman because he was in livery: otherwise. It was opened by another footman in livery. in the same solemn tone. had powdered hair that curled all over their heads. Pig and Pepper F OR A MINUTE or two she stood looking at the house. only 26 . and crept a little way out of the wood to listen. and both footmen. An invita- tion from the Queen to play croquet.them this size: why. and large eyes like a frog. The Fish-Footman began by producing from under his arm a great letter. and wondering what to do next. judging by his face only. and this he handed over to the other. with a round face. she would have called him a fish)—and rapped loudly at the door with his knuckles. in a solemn tone.” The Frog-Footman repeated. I should frighten them out of their wits!” So she began nibbling at the righthand bit again. saying. nearly as large as himself. CHAPTER VI and did not venture to go near the house till she had brought herself down to nine inches high. She felt very curious to know what it was all about.

“I shall going on within—a constant howling and sneezing. maybe. First.” said the Footman.” she muttered to herself. “There’s certainly too much pepper in that soup!” aloud.—How am I to get in?” she repeated. staring stupidly up into the sky. “Are you to get in at all?” said the Footman. and I could let you out. had been broken to pieces.” And certainly there was a most extraordinary noise tunity for repeating his remark. “How am I to get in?” asked Alice again. “on and off. he can’t help it. might knock. with variations. “Anything you like. full of smoke from one end to the other: the Duchess and this Alice thought decidedly uncivil.” “There’s no sort of use in knocking. if you were inside. exactly as if nothing had happened. An invitation for the Duchess to play croquet. “That’s the Alice went timidly up to the door. “the way all side of the door as you are. It’s enough to drive one crazy!” making such a noise inside. because I’m on the same “It’s really dreadful. “There might be some sense in your knocking. It was. “till There was certainly too much of it in the air. “From the At this moment the door of the house opened. and a Queen. “and that for two reasons. one of the trees behind him. For instance.” said Alice Footman went on without attending to her. which was looking up into the sky all the time he was speaking.” said Alice.” every now and then a great crash. answer questions.” said the Footman. it 27 . secondly. head: it just grazed his nose. straight at the Footman’s Then they both bowed low. there’s no use in talking to him. and their curls got entan. as well as she could for sneezing.” he said.” the Footman remarked. Alice said to herself. when she next peeped out the Fish-Footman was gone. you door and went in. But at any rate he might ring a large cauldron which seemed to be full of soup. “if we had desperately: “he’s perfectly idiotic!” And she opened the the door between us. and same tone.” she said to herself. stir- nearly at the top of his head. “how am I to get in?” whistling. no one could possibly hear The Footman seemed to think this a good oppor- you. “But perhaps was sitting on a three-legged stool in the middle. “I shall sit here. Alice laughed so much at this.” the “Oh. tone. Even tomorrow—” the Duchess sneezed occasionally.” large plate came skimming out.” He was The door led right into a large kitchen. you know. for days and days. as if a dish or kettle “But what am I to do?” said Alice. and sit here. and broke to pieces against gled together. and as for the baby. in a louder and the other was sitting on the ground near the door. that she had to run “—or next day. first question. and began “Please. the cook was leaning over the fire. because they’re the creatures argue. then. “his eyes are so very nursing a baby. changing the order of the words a little. and knocked. no doubt: only Alice did not like to be told so. you know.” the Footman continued in the back into the wood for fear of their hearing her.

and the baby was howling so much already.” Alice did not at all like the tone of this remark. fact.” Alice said very politely. moment’s pause.” said the Duchess. “Please would you tell me. and dishes. “You don’t know much. and thought it would be as well to introduce some other subject of conversation. and very nearly carried it off.” said the Duchess. The only things in the kitchen that did jumping up and down in an agony of terror. flew close by it. there not sneeze. feeling quite pleased to have got into a conversation. was sneezing and howling alternately without a “Oh. The Duchess took no notice of them even when they hit her. “and that’s why. “If everybody minded their own business. and not to takes twenty-four hours to turn round on its axis—” her. and went on again:— “Talking of axes. and a large cat which was goes his precious nose’.” “I don’t know of any that do. plates.” said the Duchess. “the world would go for her to speak first. While she was trying to fix on one.” “They all can. “Which would not be an advantage. “why your cat grins like that?” round a deal faster than it does.” said Alice.” the for she was not quite sure whether it was good manners Duchess said in a hoarse growl. please mind what you’re doing!” cried Alice. but she saw in another would make with the day and night! You see the earth moment that it was addressed to the baby. who Pig!” felt very glad to get an opportunity of showing off a She said the last word with such sudden violence little of her knowledge. “chop off her “I didn’t know that Cheshire cats always grinned. so she took courage. “Just think of what work it that Alice quite jumped. that it was quite impossible to say whether the blows hurt it or not. were the cook. “and that’s a fact. in head!” 28 . a little timidly.” said Alice. “Oh. and at once set to work throwing everything within her reach at the Duchess and the baby—the fire-irons came first. “and most of ’em do. then followed a shower of saucepans. I didn’t know that cats could grin.” “It’s a Cheshire cat. the cook took the cauldron of soup off the fire. as an unusually large saucepan sitting on the hearth and grinning from ear to ear.” said the Duchess.

and the little thing grunted in CHORUS. “just like a star-fish. and (In which the cook and the baby joined):— then keep tight hold of its “Wow! wow! wow!” right ear and left foot. The cook threw a twelve? I—” frying-pan after her as she went out. “I ring the soup. “they’re sure to kill it in a “I speak severely to my boy. day or two: wouldn’t it I beat him when he sneezes. flinging the baby at her as she spoke. (which was to twist it up into a sort of knot. but the cook was busily stir. “I never her. singing a sort of lullaby to it as she did a queer-shaped little creature.” went on again: “Twenty-four hours. reply (it had left off sneez- “Wow! wow! wow!” ing by this time). and held out its arms and so. and into the open air. it was as much as she could do to Because he knows it teases. or is it and she hurried out of the room. could abide figures!” And with that she began nursing Alice caught the baby with some difficulty. for the He only does it to annoy.” thought Alice. if you like!” the Duchess she meant to take the hint. and seemed not to be listening. so as to prevent its undoing While the Duchess sang the second verse of the song. and kept doubling itself up and And beat him when he sneezes: straightening itself out again. so that altogether. Alice glanced rather anxiously at the cook. first minute or two. to see if “Here! you may nurse it a bit. but it just missed “Oh. when she caught it. I think. ing it. said to Alice.) she carried it out she kept tossing the baby violently up and down. so she must go and get ready to play croquet with the Queen. as it was her child again. The poor little thing was snorting like a steam-engine “Speak roughly to your little boy. be murder to leave it For he can thoroughly enjoy behind?” She said the last The pepper when he pleases!” words out loud. “Don’t 29 . As soon as she had made out the proper way of nurs- CHORUS. itself.” said the Duchess.” hold it. and giving it a violent shake at the end of every line: legs in all directions. don’t bother me.” thought Alice. that Alice could hardly don’t take this child away hear the words:— with me. “If I the poor little thing howled so.

and Alice looked very anxiously into its face to see what was the matter with it. so she felt be no mistake about it: it was neither more nor less than that it ought to be treated a pig. I think. “it would have made like the name: however. which). seriously. and was just thought Alice.” The baby grunted again. to carry it further. it’s pleased so far. So she set the little creature down. as she did not relieved to see it trot away quietly into the wood. “Now. This time there could a great many teeth.” she knew.” she thought. “If it at all know whether it would had grown up. it was impossible to say off. also its eyes were getting extremely small for a baby: altogether Alice did not like the look of the thing at all. to see if there were any tears. there were no tears. “If you’re going to turn into a pig. pig.” she began. who might do very well as pigs. “Would you tell me. No. “I’ll have nothing more to do with you. much more like a snout than a real nose. it a dreadfully ugly child: but it makes rather a handsome only grinned a little wider. and she went saying to herself. “if one only knew the right way to on. “But perhaps it was only sobbing. and felt quite rather timidly.grunt. It looked what am I to do with this creature when I get it home?” good-natured. There could be no doubt that it had a very turn-up nose.” she said to herself. “that’s not at all a proper way of expressing yourself. that she looked still it had very long claws and down into its face in some alarm.” said Alice. Mind now!” The poor little thing sobbed again (or grunted. she thought: when it grunted again. “Cheshire Puss. so violently. which way I ought to go change them—” when she was a little startled by seeing from here?” the Cheshire Cat sitting on a bough of a tree a few yards “That depends a good deal on where you want to get 30 . and looked into its eyes again. The Cat only grinned Alice was just beginning to think to herself.” said Alice. and she felt that it would be quite absurd for her with respect. and they went on for some while in silence. my dear. please. when it saw Alice.” And she began thinking over other children “Come.

While she was walk long enough. Visit either you like: had come back in a natural way.” said the Cat. “To begin with. then. “if you only so used to queer things happening.” the Cat said. “or you wouldn’t have perhaps as this is May it won’t be raving mad—at least come here. waving its right paw “I’d nearly forgotten to ask. “the March Hare will be much the most interesting.” she said to herself.” “—so long as I get somewhere. Therefore I’m mad. “a dog’s not mad.” said the Cat: “we’re all mad walked on in the direction in which the March Hare was here.” said the Cat. nation.” Alice added as an expla.” Alice Alice waited a little. you can’t help that. half expecting to see it again.” said Alice. a dog growls one quite giddy. “but I haven’t Cat.” round. and wag my tail when I’m quite slowly. so she tried appeared again. “But I don’t want to go among mad people. you’re sure to do that.” said the Cat. but it did not appear.” when it’s angry.” Alice quietly said. she was getting “Oh. and vanished. croquet with the Queen to-day?” “Then it doesn’t matter which way you go. however.” “I thought it would. Now “All right.” said Alice.” said the Cat. 31 . which remained some time after “I call it purring. and after a minute or two she “Oh. “What sort of people live about here?” “By-the-bye. remarked.” looking at the place where it had been. and wags its tail when it’s pleased. it suddenly Alice felt that this could not be denied. and “You must be. she looked up. “you see. she Alice didn’t think that proved it at all.” said the Cat.” said the Cat. they’re both mad. and there was the Cat again. been invited yet. “You’ll see me there. just as if it other paw. beginning with the end of the tail.” the Cat went on.” ending with the grin. and angry. “How do you know I’m mad?” said Alice.” said the “I should like it very much. “Call it what you like. sitting on a went on “And how do you know that you’re mad?” branch of a tree. and vanished again. what became of the baby?” said the Cat. another question. or fig?” said the Cat. I’m mad.” said Alice. not “lives a March Hare.” said to live.” waving the “It turned into a pig.” said the Cat. “lives a Hatter: and in that direction. “and I wish you wouldn’t “I suppose so. the rest of it had gone. You “Did you say pig.” As she said this. “Do you play “I don’t much care where—” said Alice.” replied Alice. “I’ve seen hatters before. keep appearing and vanishing so suddenly: you make “Well. and this time it vanished I growl when I’m pleased.” not so mad as it was in March. You’re mad. “In that direction.” said the Cat. Alice was not much surprised at this. grant that?” “I said pig.

as it’s asleep.” thought crowded together at one corner of it: “No room! No Alice. sight of the house of the March Hare: she thought it “Have some wine. because the chimneys were aging tone.” said the Hatter. thing I ever saw in my life!” “There’s plenty of room!” said Alice indignantly. and the other two were using it as a cushion.” said the March Hare. and she She had not gone much farther before she came in sat down in a large arm-chair at one end of the table. “but a grin without a cat! It’s the most curious room!” they cried out when they saw Alice coming. “Very uncomfortable for the Dormouse. shaped like ears and the roof was thatched with fur.” said Alice. “it’s laid for a great many more than three. and talking over its head. that she did not like to go nearer nothing on it but tea. mushroom. He had 32 . “I don’t see any wine. and the March Hare and the Hatter were having tea at it: a Dormouse was sitting between them. all! I almost wish I’d gone to see the Hatter instead!” “It wasn’t very civil of you to sit down without being invited. “only.” said the March Hare. and raised herself to about two feet high: “There isn’t any.” The table was a large one. resting their elbows on it.” she till she had nibbled some more of the lefthand bit of remarked. It Alice looked all round the table.” “Your hair wants cutting. “Then it wasn’t very civil of you to offer it. “I didn’t know it was your table. CHAPTER VII A Mad Tea-Party T HERE WAS A TABLE set out under a tree in front of the house.” said Alice saying to herself “Suppose it should be raving mad after angrily.” thought Alice. but the three were all “Well! I’ve often seen a cat without a grin. I suppose it doesn’t mind. fast asleep. even then she walked up towards it rather timidly. but there was was so large a house.” the March Hare said in an encour- must be the right house.

“It is the same thing with you. and then said “The fourth.” said Alice.” as ‘I eat what I see’!” The Hatter opened his eyes very wide on hearing “You might just as well say.” added the March Hare. and “Exactly so. but some crumbs must have got in as well. “Why is a raven like a writing.” just as well say that ‘I see what I eat’ is the same thing Alice said with some severity. we shall have some fun now!” thought Alice. “at least—at least I mean wasn’t much. while Alice thought over all she could Hare went on. when I sleep’ is the same thing as ‘I sleep when I “Do you mean that you think you can find out the breathe’!” answer to it?” said the March Hare. “Not the same thing a bit!” said the Hatter. been looking at Alice for some time with great curiosity. “I told you butter wouldn’t suit the works!” he added looking angrily at the March Hare.—I believe I can who seemed to be talking in his sleep.” the March Hare meekly replied. and was looking at it uneasily. turning to Alice: he had taken his watch out of his pocket.” and this was his first speech. remember about ravens and writing-desks.” the March for a minute.” the Hatter grumbled: “you shouldn’t have put it in with the bread-knife. you know. “Yes. but all he said was.” Alice hastily replied. what I say—that’s the same thing. and the party sat silent “Then you should say what you mean. “that ‘I like what I get’ is the same thing as ‘I get what I desk?” like’!” “Come. “You might “You should learn not to make personal remarks.” she added aloud. The Hatter was the first to break the silence. “You might just as well say. “I’m glad they’ve begun asking riddles. “What day of the month is it?” he said. which “I do. here the conversation dropped.” added the Dormouse. “It was the best butter. Alice considered a little. and holding it to his ear. and 33 . shaking it every now and then. this.” “Two days wrong!” sighed the Hatter. “it’s very rude. “that ‘I breathe guess that.” The March Hare took the watch and looked at it gloomily: then he dipped it into his cup of tea.” said the Hatter.

Now.) “—it was at the great concert given by the “I haven’t the slightest idea.” Alice replied: “what’s the answer?” March Hare. mad. if you only kept on good terms with “Of course not.” said Alice. time for dinner!” seemed to have no sort of meaning in it. and doesn’t tell what o’clock it is!” have to beat time when I learn music. he’d do almost anything you liked with the clock.” morning. you “Of course you don’t!” the Hatter said. keep it to half-past one as long as you liked. You know the song. you know—” (pointing with his tea spoon at the “No.” Alice cautiously replied: “but I know I the day of the month. looked at it again: but he could think of nothing better “I don’t know what you mean. It’s him. “I don’t quite understand you. you know. “Of course.” said the Hatter. Queen of Hearts. of course. I give it up.” said the March Hare. just time to begin lessons: you’d only have to “Which is just the case with mine.” she a whisper. “That would be grand.” said Alice thought- “The Dormouse is asleep again. Alice sighed wearily.” said Alice.” said the Hatter: “but you could The Dormouse shook its head impatiently. “We quarrelled last March—just before he went turning to Alice again.” Alice replied very readily: “but that’s him. certainly. and I had to sing “Nor I. and yet it was (“I only wish it was. little bat! something better with the time. “He won’t watch tell you what year it is?” stand beating. suppose it were nine o’clock in the together. tossing his know. “It tells “Perhaps not. and fully: “but then—I shouldn’t be hungry for it. “Not I!” he “Have you guessed the riddle yet?” the Hatter said.” “If you knew Time as well as I do. “It was the best butter.” The Hatter shook his head mournfully. perhaps?” “you wouldn’t talk about wasting it.” the March Hare said to itself in certainly English.” “I’ve heard something like it.) said. perhaps. whisper a hint to Time. I was going to remark myself.” she said. “Does your “Ah! that accounts for it. because it stays the same year for such a long time For instance.” without opening its eyes. The Hatter’s remark twinkling! Half-past one. to say than his first remark.” “Why should it?” muttered the Hatter. just what “Is that the way you manage?” Alice asked.” said the Hatter.” he poured a little hot tea upon its nose. as politely as she could. 34 . twinkle. “than waste it How I wonder what you’re at!’ in asking riddles that have no answers. and said. and round goes the clock in a Alice felt dreadfully puzzled. “Not at first. “I think you might do ‘Twinkle.” said the Hatter. replied. “What a funny watch!” she remarked.” said the Hatter.” said the Hatter.” head contemptuously. “I dare say you never even spoke Alice had been looking over his shoulder with some to Time!” curiosity.

rather alarmed at the proposal. “It goes on. feeble voice: “I heard every word you fellows were saying. “in this A bright idea came into Alice’s head. “I’m getting tired of this. tea-time. “Suppose we change the subject.” added the Hatter.” “Tell us a story!” said the March Hare. please do!” pleaded Alice.” the Hatter continued.” he said in a hoarse. I vote the young lady tells us a story. I suppose?” said Alice.” the March Hare interrupted. “Is that the way:— reason so many tea-things are put out here?” she asked. The Dormouse slowly opened his eyes. I’d hardly finished the first verse. twinkle—” and went “And be quick about it.” said the Hatter: “as the things get used up. after 35 . o’clock now. “he won’t do a thing I ask! It’s always six a great interest in questions of eating and drinking.” “They lived on treacle. “Yes. who always took mournful tone. its sleep “Twinkle. twinkle. twinkle. “when the Queen jumped up and bawled out.” the Hatter went on in a “What did they live on?” said Alice. and they lived at the bottom “How dreadfully savage!” exclaimed Alice. Here the Dormouse shook itself. Dormouse began in a great hurry. whiles.” said the Dormouse. Dormouse!” And they pinched it on both sides at once.” said the Hatter with a sigh: “it’s always ‘Up above the world you fly. twinkle—’” “Then you keep moving round. “or you’ll on so long that they had to pinch it to make it stop.” the Hatter. yawning. “Exactly so.” said Alice. Lacie. you know.” “I’m afraid I don’t know one. and began singing in “Yes. and Tillie.” “Well.” said the “Once upon a time there were three little sisters. and we’ve no time to wash the things between Like a tea-tray in the sky.” Twinkle. be asleep again before it’s done. “Then the Dormouse shall!” they both cried. of a well—” “And ever since that. “and their names ‘He’s murdering the time! Off with his head!’” were Elsie. “I wasn’t asleep. “Wake up. that’s it.” “But what happens when you come to the beginning again?” Alice ventured to ask.

and the Dormouse sulkily remarked. he consented to go on. I dare say there may be one. “so I should think you could draw treacle out of then turned to the Dormouse. that she let the angrily. followed him: the March Hare moved into the very earnestly.” said the Dormouse. and the Dormouse “Take some more tea. 36 .” had just upset the milk-jug into his plate. stupid?” tion.” bottom of a well?” He moved on as he spoke. “—well in.” interrupted the Hatter: “let’s all much. civil.” yawning and rubbing its eyes.” the March Hare said to Alice. you know—” “They couldn’t have done that.” the Dormouse went on. and repeated her ques. but the Hatter and the March Hare went “Sh! sh!” Dormouse go on for some time without interrupting it. and Alice rather unwillingly took the “I’ve had nothing yet. nary ways of living would be like. quite forgetting her gently remarked.thinking a minute or two.” said the Dormouse. “they’d have been ill.” “Treacle.” that begins with an M—” “One. “Why with an M?” said Alice.” Alice replied in an offended place of the March Hare. you know. “If you can’t be “They were learning to draw. you’d better finish the story for yourself. please go on!” Alice said very humbly. “Why did they live at the bottom of a well?” “But they were in the well. indeed!” said the Dormouse indignantly.” “There’s no such thing!” Alice was beginning very This answer so confused poor Alice. “I won’t sleepy. little sisters—they were learning to draw.” Alice “What did they draw?” said Alice.” “Of course they were”. so she went on: “But why did they live at the move one place on. Dormouse’s place.” promise.” who got any advantage from the change: and Alice was “You mean you can’t take less. so “Who’s making personal remarks now?” the Hatter she began very cautiously: “But I don’t understand.” said the Hatter: “it’s a good deal worse off than before. “It was a treacle-well. all this time.” said the helped herself to some tea and bread-and-butter. “so I can’t take more.” Alice said to the The Dormouse again took a minute or two to think Dormouse. “and they drew all manner of things—everything interrupt again. “Nobody asked your opinion. and Hatter. not choosing to notice this last remark. Where did they draw the treacle from?” Alice did not quite know what to say to this: so she “You can draw water out of a water-well. as the March Hare very easy to take more than nothing.” said Alice. without considering at Alice tried to fancy to herself what such an extraordi. about it. Alice did not wish to offend the Dormouse again. However. The Hatter was the only one tone. for it was getting very “No. asked triumphantly. “So they were. said the Dormouse. a treacle-well—eh. “very ill. but it puzzled her too “I want a clean cup. “And so these three “Why not?” said the March Hare. and then said.

golden key. “At any rate I’ll never go there again!” said Alice as she The Dormouse had closed its eyes by this time. now you ask me. but. put the Dormouse into the teapot. half hoping that they would call tiful garden.” And in she went. “Now. such as mouse-traps. among the bright flower-beds and the cool after her: the last time she saw them. I think I things are ‘much of a muchness’—did you ever see such may as well go in at once.” said Alice. and neither of the others was about a foot high: then she walked down the little took the least notice of her going. I’ll manage better this confused. 37 . and began by taking the little “Then you shouldn’t talk. on being pinched by the -party I ever was at in all my life!” Hatter. Then she went to work nibbling at the mush- bear: she got up in great disgust. a thing as a drawing of a muchness?” Once more she found herself in the long hall. she noticed that one of the trees “—that begins with an M. and memory. though she looked passage: and then—she found herself at last in the beau- back once or twice. “That’s very curious!” moon. Alice was silent. very much close to the little glass table. and went on: Just as she said this. “I don’t think—” time. and unlocking the door that led into the This piece of rudeness was more than Alice could garden. and muchness—you know you say she thought. and picked her way through the wood.” she said to herself. and walked off. and the had a door leading right into it. and “Really.” said the Hatter. they were trying to fountains. “But everything’s curious today. “It’s the stupidest tea was going off into a doze. the room (she had kept a piece of it in her pocket) till she Dormouse fell asleep instantly. it woke up again with a little shriek.

smiling at everything that the cook tulip-roots was said. So “I couldn’t help it. there were ten of them. After these “That’s none of your came the royal children. it is his business!” came the guests. and if the Queen was to find it Don’t go splashing paint over me like that!” out. Seven flung down his brush. in a sulky tone. afore she comes. called out “The Queen! The Queen!” Five! Always lay the blame on others!” and the three gardeners instantly threw themselves flat “You’d better not talk!” upon their faces. Seven. Then instead of onions. and among said Five. but you are painting those roses?” there were three gardeners at it. “Seven you see. and just as she came up here ought to have been a red rose-tree. Two them red. “why garden: the roses growing on it were white. “Why the fact is. Next “Yes. across the garden. mostly Kings and Queens. a little timidly. A LARGE ROSE-TREE stood near the entrance of the “Would you tell me. and the business. oblong and flat. First came ten soldiers carrying clubs. “and I’ll tell them Alice recognised the White Rabbit: it was talking him—it was for bringing in a hurried nervous manner. and had just begun CHAPTER VIII “Well. you know.” said Alice. you see. Alice thought this a very curious thing. and we put a to them she heard one of them say. and all of them bowed low. “I heard the and Alice looked round. and began in a low voice. Miss. who had been anxiously looking On which Seven looked up and said.” At this moment Five. There was a sound of many footsteps. said Five. Queen say only yester. eager to see the Queen. Two!” said little dears came jumping merrily along hand in hand. Five! white one in by mistake.” followed the Knave of Hearts. carrying the King’s crown 38 . “Look out now. but looked at Two.” said Five. and went by without noticing her. of all the unjust things—” when his eye chanced to fall upon Alice. as the soldiers did. these were all day you deserved to be shaped like the three gardeners. we should all have our heads cut off. this she went nearer to watch them. to—” jogged my elbow. “That’s right. we’re doing our best. in couples: they were all ornamented with hearts. Miss. as she stood watching them. with beheaded!” their hands and feet at the corners: next the ten court- “What for?” said the iers. busily painting Five and Seven said nothing. and he The Queen’s Croquet-Ground checked himself suddenly: the others looked round also. and walked two and two. one who had spoken first. these were ornamented all over with diamonds.

came the king and queen of hearts. after all. and. and the Queen said severely “Who is this?” She said it to the Knave of Hearts. my dear: she is only a child!” soldiers. last of all this grand procession. “Nonsense!” said Alice. I needn’t be afraid of them!” “And who are these?” said the Queen. turning to Alice. tossing her head impatiently. they’re only a pack of cards. very loudly and decidedly. with one foot. “and besides. the Queen. for. pointing to the three gardeners who were lying round the rosetree. who only bowed and smiled in reply. they all stopped and looked at her. and timidly pack. surprised at her to the Knave “Turn them over!” own courage.” thought she. and said “How should I know?” said Alice. the royal children. so that they couldn’t see it?” So she stood still where she was. and glaring at her for a moment like a wild beast. or three of her own children. what would be the use of a procession. screamed the three gardeners instantly jumped up. and 39 . pattern on their backs was the same as the rest of the The King laid his hand upon her arm.” The Knave did so. and the the Queen was silent. loud voice. and waited. after “Get up!” said the Queen. to herself. so please your Majesty. she went on. she could not tell whether they were gardeners. in a shrill. on a crimson velvet cushion. Alice was rather doubtful whether she ought not to lie down on her face like the three gardeners. child?” “My name is Alice. and you see. The Queen turned crimson with fury. and began “Off with her head! Off—” bowing to the King. or said “Consider. and. The Queen turned angrily away from him. or courtiers. but she added. very carefully. “Idiot!” said the Queen. but she could not remember ever having heard of such a rule at processions. When the procession came opposite to Alice. “It’s no business of mine. “if people had all to lie down upon their faces. and. “Why.” said Alice very politely. “What’s your name. as they were lying on their faces.

“we “What for?” said Alice. with happen next. it was all ridges and furrows. it would twist itself anxiously into her face.” And then. croquet?” the balls were live hedgehogs. she came rather late. to stand on their hands and feet.” said Two. “Can you play croquet-ground in her life. “Yes!” shouted Alice. and looked at Alice. and whispered “She’s under sentence of execu- “May it please your Majesty. “You make me He looked anxiously over his shoulder as he spoke. and giddy.” humble tone.” said Alice: “—where’s the Duchess?” expression that she could not help bursting out laugh- 40 . then!” roared the Queen. and people began running about in all direc- “Are their heads off?” shouted the Queen. comfortably enough. and Alice joined ing her flamingo: she succeeded in getting its body the procession. wondering very much what would tucked away. thunder. as the goes. were trying—” “Did you say ‘What a pity!’?” the Rabbit asked. behind to execute the unfortunate gardeners. and was going to give She was walking by the White Rabbit. “Leave off that!” screamed the Queen. “The Queen will “You shan’t be beheaded!” said Alice. in a very tion. hush!” the to Alice for protection. “Hush! Hush!” said the Rabbit in a low. and the soldiers had to double themselves up and question was evidently meant for her. “I see!” said the Queen. looking “Get to your places!” shouted the Queen in a voice of for them. who had meanwhile been “No. if it please your Majesty!” the settled down in a minute or two.” said Alice: “I don’t think it’s at all a pity. round and look up in her face. and the game began. going down on one knee as he spoke. she went on. Alice thought she had never seen such a curious “That’s right!” shouted the Queen. they got “Their heads are gone. the mallets live flamin- The soldiers were silent. tumbling up against each other. Rabbit whispered in a frightened tone. everybody else. put his mouth close to “What have you been doing here?” her ear. “Off with their heads!” and the I said ‘What for?’” procession moved on. and then quietly marched off after the others. I didn’t. and she put hear you! You see. three of the soldiers remaining “She boxed the Queen’s ears—” the Rabbit began. however. hurried tone. just as she had got “It’s—it’s a very fine day!” said a timid voice at her side. with such a puzzled “Very. “Oh. tions. The chief difficulty Alice found at first was in manag- “Come on. but generally. and the Queen them into a large flower-pot that stood near. who was peeping the hedgehog a blow with its head. its legs hanging down. to make the arches. soldiers shouted in reply. then raised himself upon tiptoe. examining the roses. under her arm. turning to the rose-tree. its neck nicely straightened out. The three said—” soldiers wandered about for a minute or two. who ran Alice gave a little scream of laughter.

there was mouth enough for it to speak with. rather a complaining tone. and seen. and shouting confusing it is all the things being alive. The Cat always getting up and seemed to think that there was enough of it now in walking off to other parts of the ground. and went stamping about. it puzzled her very much at first. the great wonder is. but she away when it saw mine coming!” knew that it might happen any minute.” In another minute the wanted to send the whole head appeared. when she noticed a curious appearance in the air: was going to begin again.” she thought. and she find that the hedgehog said to herself “It’s the Cheshire Cat: now I shall have had unrolled itself. “—likely to win. She was looking about for some way of escape. but. as soon as away: besides all this. hedgehogs. and then nodded. “and they all quarrel so The players all played at once without waiting for dreadfully one can’t hear oneself speak—and they don’t turns. fully fond of beheading people here. “Not at all. “what would become of me? They’re dread. ridge or furrow in the “It’s no use speaking to it. if there are. Alice soon sight. voice. after watching it a it was very provoking to minute or two. and fighting for the seem to have any rules in particular. in indeed. came to the conclusion that it was a very difficult game “I don’t think they play at all fairly. at least. about at the other end of the ground—and I should have Alice began to feel very uneasy: to be sure. “till its ears have way wherever she come. and. and listening: so she went on.” Alice began. quarrelling all the while. that it’s hardly 41 . ing: and when she had wondering whether she could get away without being got its head down. and in a very short time the Queen was in a nobody attends to them—and you’ve no idea how furious passion. feeling doubled-up soldiers were very glad she had someone to listen to her. she made it out to be a grin. or at least one of them. and began an account of the game. “and then.” “How do you like the Queen?” said the Cat in a low thought she. there was generally a Alice waited till the eyes appeared. and no more of it appeared.” said Alice: “she’s so extremely—” Just then that there’s any one left alive!” she noticed that the Queen was close behind her.” was in the act of crawling “How are you getting on?” said the Cat. and somebody to talk to. and then Alice put down her hedgehog to. “Off with his head!” or “Off with her head!” about once in there’s the arch I’ve got to go through next walking a minute. as the flamingo. she had croqueted the Queen’s hedgehog just now. only it ran not as yet had any dispute with the Queen. for instance.

like the look of things at all. in some book. the fight was over. and he called the Queen.” the Cat remarked. who was passing at the there was a dispute going on between the executioner. how the game was going on. “allow me to introduce it. that her flamingo was gone across to Alice. she was “Well. ties. that you couldn’t voice in the distance. and the Queen. So she went in search of her hedgehog. great or small. uncomfortable. “and don’t look of the ground. as they all spoke at once. The hedgehog was engaged in a fight with another The Queen’s argument was. and they repeated their “I’ll fetch the executioner myself.” said the King very decid. without The moment Alice appeared. she was appealed to by even looking round. found it very hard indeed to make out exactly what Alice thought she might as well go back. and that you weren’t to talk or not.” hedgehog.” “I’d rather not. that anything that had a confusion that she never knew whether it was her turn head could be beheaded. moment. and he executed for having missed their turns. and she did not wasn’t going to begin at his time of life. and looked very The Queen had only one way of settling all difficul. screaming with passion. it may kiss my hand if it likes. nonsense. but I don’t remember where. that if something wasn’t 42 . She had cut off a head unless there was a body to cut it off from: already heard her sentence three of the players to be that he had never had to do such a thing before.” said the King. surprised to find quite a large crowd collected round it: edly.” said Alice. and see they said. brought it back. it must be removed.” By the time she had caught the flamingo and “I don’t like the look of it at all.” When she got back to the Cheshire Cat.” said the King arguments to her. “My dear! I wish you would have this cat the King. “as all the arches are gone from this side “Don’t be impertinent. “Off with his head!” she said. at me like that!” He got behind Alice as he spoke. “I’ve read that more conversation with her friend. worth while finishing the game. and both the hedge- ever.” said the King: “how. where Alice could see it “It’s a friend of mine—a Cheshire Cat. she eagerly. as she heard the Queen’s The executioner’s argument was.” So she tucked it away under her arm. as the game was in such The King’s argument was. who were all talking at once. tunity for croqueting one of them with the other: the “Who are you talking to?” said the King. and went back for a little “A cat may look at a king. removed!” while all the rest were quite silent. that it might not escape again. all three to settle the question. and looking at the Cat’s head with great curiosity. and he hurried off. the other side of the garden. which seemed to Alice an excellent oppor- The Queen smiled and passed on. going up to only difficulty was. thought Alice.” said Alice: trying in a helpless sort of way to fly up into a tree. though.” hogs were out of sight: “but it doesn’t matter much.

” And the executioner went off like an arrow. Dutchess. while the rest of the party went back to the game.) Alice could think of nothing else to say but “It belongs to the Duchess: you’d better ask her about it. it had entirely disappeared.” “She’s in prison. done about it in less than no time she’d have everybody executed. all round. (It was this last remark that had made the whole party look so grave and anxious. and. so the King and the executioner ran wildly up and down looking for it. The Cat’s head began fading away the moment he was gone. by the time he had come back with the 43 .” the Queen said to the executioner: “fetch her here.

because she was exactly the right height to rest her chin “Y OU CAN’T THINK how glad I am to see you again. “I won’t have any pepper in little. said. ’tis kind of rule. “Everything’s got a “I dare say you’re wondering why I don’t put my arm 44 . and did not like to be rude. Soup does very well without—Maybe “’Tis so. and thought to herself that perhaps it was only “The game’s going on the pepper that had made her so savage when they met rather better now.” Alice ventured to remark. that makes the camomile that makes them bitter—and—and barley-sugar world go round!’” and such things that make children sweet-tempered.” “How fond she is of finding morals in things!” Alice “Perhaps it hasn’t one. by way of keeping “When I’m a Duchess.” she Duchess: “and the moral went on. you know—” own business!” She had quite forgotten the Duchess by this time. and the sounds will take care of them- now what the moral of that is. my kitchen at all. “and the moral of that is—‘Take and that makes you forget to talk.” said the and was a little startled when she heard her voice close Duchess. but I shall remember it in selves. thought to herself. I can’t tell you just care of the sense.” said the it’s always pepper that makes people hot-tempered. tut. child!” said the Duchess. “and vinegar that makes them sour—and love. digging her sharp little chin into Alice’s to her ear.” And she squeezed herself CHAPTER IX up closer to Alice’s side as she spoke.” she said to herself.” Alice only wish people knew that: then they wouldn’t be so whispered. I “Somebody said. “You’re thinking about something. and it was an uncomfortably you dear old thing!” said the Duchess. “that it’s done by everybody minding their stingy about it. temper. upon Alice’s shoulder. my dear. she tucked her arm affectionately into Alice’s. “Tut. However.’” a bit. as she sharp chin. well! It means much the same thing. ’tis love. Alice did not much like keeping so close to her: first. so they walked off together. very much pleased at having found out a new of that is—‘Oh. if only you can find it. moral. “Ah. The Mock Turtle’s Story because the Duchess was very ugly.” she in the kitchen. and secondly. she bore it as well as she Alice was very glad to find her in such a pleasant could. shoulder as she added. (not in a up the conversation a very hopeful tone though).

’” “moral. “I’m glad “Very true.” said the Duchess: “what a clear way “I’ve a right to think. And the moral of that is—‘Birds of a not venture to say it out loud. with another “Only mustard isn’t a bird. and there stood the Queen in to this last remark.” shouted the Queen. Shall I try the experiment?” “Oh. “either you or that what you were or might have been was not other.” said the Duchess. the Duchess’s voice mustard-mine near here.” said the Duchess. for she was you have of putting things!” beginning to feel a little worried.” said Alice sharply. And the moral of that is—‘The died away. “I “He might bite. The other guests had taken advantage of the Queen’s 45 . and that in about half no time! wise than what you had been would have appeared to Take your choice!” them to be otherwise. “and the “A fine day. “it’s a vegetable. even in the middle of her favourite word more there is of mine. your head must be off. “A cheap sort of present!” thought Alice. and the m—” to agree to everything that Alice said.” said Alice. Duchess replied.” Alice said moment. in a pleased tone. dig of her sharp little chin. weak voice. but “That’s nothing to what I could say if I chose. the less there is of yours. not to be otherwise than what it might appear to others stamping on the ground as she spoke.” Alice remarked. Alice looked up. I think. I give you fair warning. “I quite agree with you. who seemed ready have to fly.” the Queen said to Alice. but it is.” the Duchess said after a pause: “the “Pray don’t trouble yourself to say it any longer than reason is. follow it as you say it. you’d like it put more simply—‘Never imagine yourself “Now. that I’m doubtful about the temper of your that. who had not attended tremble.” the slowly followed her back to the croquet-ground. as usual. with her arms folded. “there’s a large But here.” Alice cautiously replied. I know!” exclaimed Alice. “if I had it written down: but I can’t quite “Let’s go on with the game. very politely. frowning like a one.” and the arm that was linked into hers began to “Oh.” said the Duchess: “flamingoes and they don’t give birthday presents like that!” But she did mustard both bite. not feeling at make you a present of everything I’ve said as yet.” said Alice. “It’s a mineral. your Majesty!” the Duchess began in a moral of that is—‘Be what you would seem to be’—or if low.” all anxious to have the experiment tried. It doesn’t look like front of them. “as pigs “Of course it is. feather flock together. flamingo.’” “Thinking again?” the Duchess asked.’” The Duchess took her choice.” thunderstorm. “Right. “Just about as much right.round your waist.” and Alice was too much frightened to say a word. don’t talk about trouble!” said the Duchess. to Alice’s great surprise. and was gone in a “I think I should understand that better.” said the Duchess.

I must go back and see after some Turtle in the distance.” “Come. they never executes nobody. the moment they saw her. Come on!” They very soon came upon a Gryphon. absence.” said Alice. and said to Alice. except the King. Alice did not quite like “It’s the thing Mock Turtle Soup is made from. but on the whole she thought it the Queen. they hurried back to the game. and to They had not gone far before they saw the Mock hear his history. “and he shall tell The Gryphon sat up and rubbed its eyes: then it you his history. in a low voice. and she walked off. “You are all half to Alice. pardoned. “Come on. lazy thing!” said the Queen. you know.” said the Queen. lying fast “Everybody says ‘come on!’ here. never!” “and take this young lady to see the Mock Turtle. and shouting “Off with his head!” or “Off with her head!” Those whom she sentenced were taken into custody by the soldiers. quite out of breath. and all the players. “Have you seen the Mock Turtle yet?” “No. and were resting in the shade: however. that’s a good thing!” she said to “What is the fun?” said Alice.” said Alice. the Queen merely remarking that a moment’s delay would cost them their lives.” thought Alice. sitting sad and lonely on a little 46 .” said the look of the creature. would be quite as safe to stay with it as to go after that “I never saw one. in all my life. herself. she went slowly after it: “I never was so ordered about look at the picture. were in custody and under sentence of execution. “What fun!” said the Gryphon. Alice heard the King say chuckled. the Queen. half to itself. savage Queen: so she waited. or heard of one. leaving Turtle is. and Alice. to the company generally.) “Up.” watched the Queen till she was out of sight: then it As they walked off together. “I don’t even know what a Mock executions I have ordered”. that: executions the Queen had ordered.” said the Gryphon. (If you don’t know what a Gryphon is. as asleep in the sun. then. who of course had to leave off being arches to do this. Then the Queen left off. for she had felt quite unhappy at the number of “Why. All the time they were playing the Queen never left off quarrelling with the other players. so that by the end of half an hour or so there were no arches left.” Alice alone with the Gryphon. she. “It’s all her fancy.

as they came nearer. “I don’t see how he can even finish. “What is his sorrow?” she asked the Gryphon. and the constant heavy sobbing of the Mock Turtle. him sighing as if his heart would break. ledge of rock. “Drive on. both of you. and don’t speak a word till I’ve finished. who looked at to sink into the earth.” said deeply.” These words were followed by a very long silence.” “Yes. the Mock Turtle angrily: “really you are very dull!” and the Gryphon answered.” said the Mock Turtle in a deep. “Thank you. She pitied him “We called him Tortoise because he taught us. for your interesting story.” but she could not help thinking there must be more to come. and nobody spoke for some minutes.” said the Mock Turtle at last.” So they sat down. though you mayn’t “I’ll tell it her.” the Mock Turtle went on at last. very nearly in the same “You ought to be ashamed of yourself for asking such words as before. if he wasn’t one?” 47 . Alice thought to herself. At last the Gryphon said to the them with large eyes full of tears. “It’s all his fancy. who felt ready So they went up to the Mock Turtle. “When we were little. Alice was very nearly getting up and saying. “Once. and. so she sat still and said nothing. Alice could hear Alice asked. broken only by an occasional exclamation of “Hjckrrh!” from the Gryphon. Come on!” both sat silent and looked at poor Alice. you know. hollow tone: “sit down. that: he hasn’t got no a simple question. but said nothing. she do. and then they sorrow. The master was an old Turtle—we used to call him Tortoise—” “Why did you call him Tortoise. though still sobbing a little now and then. with a deep sigh. if he doesn’t begin. “she wants about it!” and he went on in these words: for to know your history. Mock Turtle. we went to school in the sea. old fellow! Don’t be all day “This here young lady. sir.” added the Gryphon. more calmly.” said the Gryphon.” But she waited patiently. “we went to school in the sea. “I was a real Turtle.

” “I never went to him.” said the “What was that like?” said Alice. “Then 48 . “You This was quite a new idea to Alice. and Fainting in Coils. you are a simpleton. Mock Turtle in a tone of great relief. though. I suppose?” it over a little before she made her next remark. then. “What a curious plan!” exclaimed Alice. “I only took the regular course. Stretching.” the “And how many hours a day did you do lessons?” Mock Turtle replied. there was Mystery. “Ten hours the first day.” with a sigh. I can’t show it you myself. to begin with.” the next. they used to say.” the Mock Turtle had at the end of the bill.” said Alice doubtfully: “it means—to—make—any- “I never said I didn’t!” interrupted Alice. of course. before Alice know what to uglify is.” said the Gryphon. his turn.” said Alice. The Mock Turtle went on.” said the Mock Turtle.” the Mock Turtle said with a “I couldn’t afford to learn it. needn’t be so proud as all that. so she turned to the Mock Turtle.” could speak again.” “You did.” the Gryphon The Gryphon lifted up both its paws in surprise. “we learned French and music.” said the Mock Turtle sigh: “he taught Laughing and Grief. “Certainly not!” said Alice indignantly. and wash. believe it—” “Yes.” said the Gryphon: “I went to the “You couldn’t have wanted it much. and she thought know what to beautify is. said: “I’m too stiff. he was.” ing—extra. Uglification.’” “Hadn’t time. sighing in “What was that?” inquired Alice. too.” said the Mock Turtle: “nine sion.” “I never heard of ‘Uglification. “Reeling and Writhing. music.” said Alice.” counting off the subjects on his flappers. thing—prettier. “Now at ours they “Well. ancient and modern. so he did. Classics master. ‘French. “if you don’t “Hold your tongue!” added the Gryphon. and school every day—” said “What else had you to learn?” “I’ve been to a day-school. “What is it?” “That’s the reason they’re called lessons.” “living at the bottom of the sea. with Seaography: then Drawl- “Yes. “and then the different branches of said Alice.’” Alice ventured to say. and both creatures hid their faces in their paws. “—Mystery.” “Ah! then yours wasn’t a really good school. And the Gryphon never learnt it. Alice did not feel encouraged to ask any more ques- “We had the best of educations—in fact. “Well.” “What! Never heard of uglifying!” it exclaimed. in a hurry to change the subject. Arithmetic—Ambition.” said Alice. and Deri. that “And washing?” said the Mock Turtle. “With extras?” asked the Mock Turtle a little anxiously. and so on.” the Mock Turtle replied.” the Gryphon went on. we went to tions about it. He was an old crab. “you “Well. used to come once a week: he taught us Drawling. Distraction.” ing—the Drawling-master was an old conger-eel. remarked: “because they lessen from day to day.” “So he did.

and so on. “Same as if he had a bone in his throat. never”) “—so you can have no idea what a delightful thing a Lobster Quadrille is!” “No. and tried to speak. and. but for a minute or two sobs choked his voice. when you’ve cleared all the jelly-fish out of the way—” “That generally takes some time.” interrupted the Gryphon. “What sort of a dance is it?” “Why.” back of one flapper across his eyes.” the Mock Turtle said: “advance twice. “you first form into a line along the sea-shore—” “Two lines!” cried the Mock Turtle. CHAPTER X “And how did you manage on the twelfth?” Alice went on eagerly. salmon. and said “No. At last the Mock Turtle recovered his voice. “—you advance twice—” “Each with a lobster as a partner!” cried the Gryphon. with tears running down his cheeks. He looked at Alice.the eleventh day must have been a holiday?” “Of course it was. indeed.” said the Gryphon. “Of course. “Seals.” said Alice. then. he went on again:— “You may not have lived much under the sea—” (“I haven’t.” said the Mock Turtle. set to partners—” 49 .” the Gryphon inter- T rupted in a very decided tone: “tell her something about HE MOCK TURTLE sighed deeply. turtles. The Lobster Quadrille “That’s enough about lessons. and drew the the games now.” said the Gryphon: and it set to work shaking him and punching him in the back.” said Alice) “—and perhaps you were never even introduced to a lobster—” (Alice began to say “I once tasted—” but checked herself hastily.

won’t you. “you throw the—” “The lobsters!” shouted the Gryphon. won’t you. ‘There’s a porpoise close behind us.” continued the Gryphon. “Come. will you. “‘Will you walk a little faster?’ said a whiting to a snail. They are waiting on the shingle—will you come and join the Which shall sing?” dance? “Oh. every now and then treading on her toes when the dance? they passed too close. won’t you. “—change lobsters. won’t you. you know.” said Alice timidly. “It must be a very pretty dance. and the two creatures. while the Mock Turtle sang this. “Turn a somersault in the sea!” cried the Mock Turtle. who had been jumping about like mad things all this time. “Back to land again.” dance? So they began solemnly dancing round and round Will you. you know.” said the Mock Turtle. capering wildly about. will you. very slowly and sadly:— 50 . “Very much indeed.” said the Gryphon.” said Alice. and waving their forepaws to mark the time. “—as far out to sea as you can—” “Swim after them!” screamed the Gryphon. “We can do without lobsters. suddenly dropping his voice. “Then. will you join the words. you sing. and he’s treading on my tail. “I’ve forgotten the Will you. “Would you like to see a little of it?” said the Mock Turtle. and that’s all the first figure. won’t you join Alice. let’s try the first figure!” said the Mock Turtle See how eagerly the lobsters and the turtles all advance! to the Gryphon. sat down again very sadly and quietly. and looked at Alice.” the Mock Turtle went on. “Change lobster’s again!” yelled the Gryphon at the top of its voice. with a bound into the air. and retire in same order.

” of great curiosity.” “‘What matters it how far we go?’ his scaly friend replied. what makes them so shiny?” so like that curious song about the whiting!” Alice looked down at them. “Why?” dance? “It does the boots and shoes.” said the Then turn not pale.” The further off from England the nearer is to France— “I can tell you more than that. So they got their tails fast in their mouths. “Does the boots and shoes!” she repeated in a wondering tone. won’t you.” sea!’ “You’re wrong about the crumbs. “are done with a whiting. I never ‘There is another shore. could not. feeling very glad that it was over at last: “and I do Gryphon. That’s all. So they had to fall a long way. “Thank you. Gryphon. will you. won’t you join solemnly. of course you “And what are they made of?” Alice asked in a tone know what they’re like.—“Tell her Would not.” said the Mock Turtle. would not.” said the Mock know. as to the whiting. and considered a little “Oh. “Thank you.” said Alice. “it’s very interesting. it’s a very interesting dance to watch. “They have When they take us up and throw us. “but if you’ve seen them so often. “they— before she gave her answer. with the lobsters. So they couldn’t get them out again. you’ve seen them. what are your shoes done with?” said the Alice. won’t you. could not.” the Gryphon went checked herself hastily. but he would not join the have their tails in their mouths. on in a deep voice.” Turtle. join the dance.” “Yes. the Mock Turtle yawned and shut his eyes. could not join with the lobsters to the dance. “The reason is. could not. too far!’ and gave a look askance— Turtle: “crumbs would all wash off in the sea. and the reason is—” here dance. you know. of course?” I believe. “‘You can really have no notion how delightful it will be “I believe so.” said the Gryphon. will you.” said the Mock But the snail replied ‘Too far. upon the other side. 51 . out to their tails in their mouths—and they’re all over crumbs. but come and join the dance. “I’ve often seen them at dinn—” she “Boots and shoes under the sea.” said Alice. will you join the “I never thought about it. if you like.” Alice replied thoughtfully. Now you “I don’t know where Dinn may be.” the Gryphon replied very Will you.” said Alice. would not. won’t you. to sea. So they got thrown out the dance. “that they would go Would not. knew so much about a whiting before. But they Said he thanked the whiting kindly. “Do you know why it’s called a whiting?” Will you. “They’re done with blacking.” said “Why. “I mean. won’t you. the dance?’” Alice was thoroughly puzzled. could not. would not about the reason and all that. beloved snail.” he said to the Gryphon.

” said the Gryphon. “I’d have said to the drew a long breath.” the Gryphon. She was a ‘You have baked me too brown. she got up. and began to person then. and told me he was going a journey. “No.” said Alice a little timidly: “but it’s no use repeat lessons!” thought Alice.” child. because I was a different school at once.’ little nervous about it just at first. “I should like to hear “Of course not. if a fish her try and repeat something came to me. but her head was so full of the Lobster “Explain all that. “I could tell you my adventures—beginning from this “How the creatures order one about. whose thoughts and then the Mock Turtle were still running on the song. and turns out his toes. Quadrille. but she gained courage as she went on. Tell her to begin. one on each side.” “They were obliged to have him with them. of course. 52 . he thought it had some kind “I mean what I say. And the Gryphon added “Come. Her listeners were perfectly quiet till she got to “That’s different from what I used to say when I was a the part about her repeating “You are old. “Soles and eels. offended tone.” “It all came different!” the “Wouldn’t it really?” said Alice in a tone of great Mock Turtle repeated thought- surprise. “If I’d been the whiting.’” said some of your adventures. and opened their eyes Trims his belt and his buttons.” said the Gryphon in an and the words came very queer indeed:— impatient tone: “explanations take such a dreadful time. and the impatiently: “any shrimp could have told you that. that she hardly knew what she was saying. I must sugar my hair. let’s hear “Stand up and repeat ‘’Tis the voice of the sluggard.” said the Gryphon. without a porpoise. please: we don’t want you with us!’” “That’s very curious. ‘Keep back.” and mouths so very wide.” So Alice began telling them her adventures from the “’Tis the voice of the Lobster. fully.” However. and make one morning.” the Gryphon replied rather to the Caterpillar.” said the Mock Turtle.” He should say ‘With what porpoise?’” looked at the Gryphon as if “Don’t you mean ‘purpose’?” said Alice. and said porpoise. no! The adventures first. “I might as well be at going back to yesterday.” words all coming different.” the Mock Turtle replied in an of authority over Alice. the two creatures got As a duck with its eyelids. time when she first saw the White Rabbit.” said Alice. I heard him declare.” the “It’s all about as curious as Mock Turtle said: “no wise fish would go anywhere it can be.” repeat it. so he with his nose so close to her. Father William.” said the Mock Turtle: “why. I now.

“How Who for such dainties would not stoop? could he turn them out with his nose. though she felt sure it would all come wrong. I think you’d better leave off. impatiently: “it begins ‘I passed by his garden. wondering if anything would ever happen in Sing her ‘Turtle Soup. “Hm! No accounting for tastes! her hands. “Well.” said the Gryphon hastily. “She can’t explain it. “Go “Beautiful Soup. “Chorus again!” cried the Gryphon. “Oh. and longed to Beau—ootiful Soo—oop! change the subject.’ will you.” Alice said. Beau—ootiful Soo—oop! “Go on with the next verse.” the Gryphon repeated Soo—oop of the e—e—evening. you know?” Soup of the evening. voice:— Game.” Waiting in a hot tureen! “But about his toes?” the Mock Turtle persisted. in Alice said nothing. and she went on in a trembling “Beautiful Soup! Who cares for fish. in a voice “I should like to have it explained. Turtle to sing you a song?” “Come on!” cried the Gryphon.” said the Mock Turtle. to sing this:— Turtle. when a cry of “The trial’s the Gryphon went on. with one eye.” said the Mock sometimes choked with sobs. I never heard it before. or any other dish? Who would not give all else for two p “I passed by his garden. so rich and green. if the Mock Turtle would be so “but it sounds uncommon nonsense. so eagerly that the Gryphon said.” said the Gryphon: and Alice was only too glad to do so. The Mock Turtle sighed deeply. beautiful Soup! “It’s the first position in dancing.” kind. beautiful Soup! dreadfully puzzled by the whole thing. and. and the Mock Turtle “Shall we try another figure of the Lobster Quadrille?” had just begun to repeat it. It’s by far the most confusing thing I ever heard!” Beautiful. beauti—FUL SOUP!” “Yes. taking Alice by 53 . and began. old fellow?” a natural way again. “Or would you like the Mock beginning!” was heard in the distance. but was Soup of the evening. ennyworth only of beautiful Soup? How the Owl and the Panther were sharing a pie—” Pennyworth only of beautiful Soup? Beau—ootiful Soo—oop! “What is the use of repeating all that stuff. and marked. on with the next verse. beautiful Soup! Alice did not dare to disobey.” Alice replied.’” Beautiful.” the Mock Beau—ootiful Soo—oop! Turtle interrupted. she had sat down with her face in a rather offended tone. please. a song. “if you don’t explain it as you go on? Soo—oop of the e—e—evening.

“That’s the judge. by the way. In the very middle of the court was a table. that it made Alice quite hungry to look at them—“I wish they’d get the trial done. with a great “Soo—oop of the e—e—evening.” thought Alice.” she thought. (look at the frontispiece if you want to see how he did it. so she began looking at everything about her. it hurried off. but the Gryphon only answered “Come on!” and ran the faster. CHAPTER XI “What trial is it?” Alice panted as she ran.the hand. as well as the whole pack of cards: the Knave was standing before them. carried on the T breeze that followed them. with a trumpet in one hand. “and those twelve creatures. and some 54 . Who Stole the Tarts? while more and more faintly came. and a scroll of parchment in the other. with a soldier on each side to guard him. “because of his great wig. was the King. without waiting for the end of the song.” (she was obliged to say “creatures. crowd assembled about them—all sorts of little Beautiful. to pass away the time. because some of them were animals. “And that’s the jury-box.” The judge. beautiful Soup!” birds and beasts. with a large dish of tarts upon it: they looked so good. and as he wore his crown over the wig. and near the King was the White Rabbit. but she had read about them in books. and she was quite pleased to find that she knew the name of nearly every- thing there. in chains. “and hand round the refreshments!” But there seemed to be no chance of this. the melancholy words:— HE KING AND QUEEN of Hearts were seated on their throne when they arrived. and it was certainly not becoming.” she said to herself.) he did not look at all comfort- able.” you see. Alice had never been in a court of justice before.

the Lizard) could not finished my tea when I make out at all what had become of it. and she went round the your Majesty. she made some tarts. and rightly too. as well as if she were looking over on the trumpet.” the Gryphon The Knave of Hearts. trumpet. few little girls of her age knew the meaning of it at all. “What are they doing?” Alice whispered to the Gryphon. whispered in reply.) “I suppose they are the jurors. and this was of very little use. so. for the White Rabbit cried “Not yet.” all about for it. that very “Herald. Rabbit blew three blasts Alice could see. course. “The Queen of Hearts.” All on a summer day: “They’re putting down their names. “jury-men” would have done just as well. and The twelve jurors were all writing very busily on read as follows:— slates. “I beg pardon.” the King said to the jury. “There’s a great deal to come before that!” tacles and looked anxiously round. he was obliged to write with one finger “You ought to have 55 . not yet!” the Rabbit hastily interrupted. This of other. but she stopped hastily. and the White was talking. “First witness!” “stupid things!” on their slates.” he began. court and got behind him. indignant “Consider your verdict. and their shoulders. after hunting was sent for. proud of it: for she thought. to make out who “Call the first witness. Alice could not stand.” the Hatter. being rather it left no mark on the slate. She did it so quickly that but I hadn’t quite the poor little juror (it was Bill. he stole those tarts. and then unrolled the parchment scroll. as last word two or three times over to herself. “Silence in the court!” and the King put on his spec. were birds. On this the White Rabbit blew three blasts on the However. and very soon found an “for bringing these in: opportunity of taking it away. “A nice with a teacup in one muddle their slates’ll be in before the trial’s over!” hand and a piece of thought Alice.” said the King. He came in and that he had to ask his neighbour to tell him. “They can’t have anything to put down yet.” She said this for the rest of the day. that all the jurors were writing down called out.” “Stupid things!” Alice began in a loud. read the accusation!” said the King. bread-and-butter in the One of the jurors had a pencil that squeaked. before the trial’s begun. “for fear they should forget them And took them quite away!” before the end of the trial. voice. out. and she could even make The first witness was out that one of them didn’t know how to spell “stupid.

who turned pale and fidgeted.finished.” followed him into the court.” said Alice very meekly: “I’m growing. I think it was.” said the King. looking shoes off. “You’ve no right to grow here. arm-in-arm with the “I can’t help it.” said the King. uneasily at the Queen. and.” the Hatter added as an explana. and reduced the answer to up very sulkily and crossed over to the other side of the shillings and pence. she said tion. and began the court. “Fourteenth of March. a trembling voice.” he said.” And he got and then added them up. “Don’t talk nonsense. Just at this moment Alice felt a very curious sensa. court.” said the jury eagerly wrote down all three dates on their slates. that he shook both his kept shifting from one foot to the other.” wretched Hatter trembled This did not seem to encourage the witness at all: he so. in what it was: she was beginning to grow larger again. and in his confusion he bit a “Give your evidence. your Majesty. who staring at the Hatter. instantly made a memorandum of the fact.” said the March Hare. “or I’ll have you executed. butter. “The twinkling of the what?” said the King. “Take off your hat. All this time the “It isn’t mine. and the “Yes. but on second thoughts she decided to remain butter getting so thin—and the twinkling of the tea—” where she was as long as there was room for her. “—and I hadn’t begun my tea—not and she thought at first she would get up and leave the above a week or so—and what with the bread-and- court.” said Alice more boldly: “you “Sixteenth. “I’ve none of my own. crossed the court. Dormouse: “not in that ridiculous fashion. The Hatter looked at the March Hare.” “Write that down. which puzzled her a good deal until she made out “I’m a poor man. “Bring me the staring at the Hatter. “and don’t be last concert!” on which the nervous.” large piece out of his teacup instead of the bread-and.” the King said to the Hatter. just as the Dormouse “I keep them to sell.” the King said to the jury. turning to the jury.” to one of the officers of Here the Queen put on her spectacles. “When did you begin?” “I wish you wouldn’t squeeze so.” said the Dormouse.” said the Hatter. I’m a hatter.” the Hatter began.” added the Dormouse. but I grow at a reasonable pace. 56 . the King repeated angrily. Queen had never left off “Stolen!” the King exclaimed. “Fifteenth. or I’ll have you executed on the spot. who had who was sitting next to her. whether you’re nervous or not. “I can hardly breathe.” Dormouse. list of the singers in the “Give your evidence. know you’re growing too.” said the Dormouse.” tion.

” he began. “You must remember. fast asleep. continued the King. and-butter. “Well.” said the King.” the Queen you executed. and was imme. that finished the guinea-pigs!” thought Alice. King. “I deny it!” said the March Hare. who was reading the list of “But what did the Dormouse say?” one of the jury singers.” the Hatter went on. and the Hatter hurriedly “That I can’t remember.) guessed who it was. “or I’ll have “—and just take his head off outside. which was immediately sharply. “I’ve so even before she got 57 . your Majesty. “It began with the tea. her hand. “and most understood what it meant till now. and went down on one knee. “I can’t go no lower. ‘There “Of course twinkling begins with a T!” said the King was some attempts at applause. and was went on.” “He denies it. looking anxiously round to see if he would suppressed.” continued the Hatter.” “I didn’t!” the March Hare interrupted in a great hurry.” said the King: “leave out that part. “Now we shall get on better. “Do you take me for a dunce? Go on!” suppressed by the officers of the court. asked. “You may go. “I cut some more “I’d rather finish my tea.” things twinkled after that—only the March Hare said—” “If that’s all you know about it. you may stand down.” said the King. and Alice pig. left the court.” remarked the King. sight before the officer could get to the door. The next witness diately suppressed by the officers of the court.” said the Hatter. without even waiting to put his shoes on.’ and I never “I’m a poor man. at any rate. deny it too: but the Dormouse denied nothing.” “Then you may sit down. as it is. “I’m a poor “Call the next man.” said the Hatter: “I’m on the floor.” added to one of the officers: but the Hatter was out of The miserable Hatter dropped his teacup and bread. Here one of the guinea-pigs cheered.” the King replied. She carried done.” thought Alice. head first. I will just explain to you how it was cook.” said the Hatter. the Dormouse said—” the Hatter Here the other guinea-pig cheered. “You did!” said the Hatter.” the Hatter replied. at the end of trials. which tied up at the the pepper-box in mouth with strings: into this they slipped the guinea. “I’m glad I’ve seen that done. being “Come. They had a large canvas bag. (As that is was the Duchess’s rather a hard word. often read in the newspapers. witness!” said the “You’re a very poor speaker. and then sat upon it. with an bread-and-butter—” anxious look at the Queen.” “After that.

at the top of his shrill little voice. “Really.” she said to herself. into the court. Alice’s Evidence The King looked anxiously at the White Rabbit. “Call the next witness. CHAPTER XII “Give your evidence. “Collar that Dormouse. upsetting all the jurymen on to the heads of in a deep voice. “Pepper. my dear. when the White Rabbit read out. “—for they haven’t got much evidence yet.” said the cook.” said the King. if I must. and she jumped up in such a melancholy air. after folding his arms and frowning hurry that she tipped over the jury-box with the edge of at the cook till his eyes were nearly out of sight. getting the Dormouse turned out. the name “Alice!” 58 . with a last few minutes. “Shan’t.” the King said. with an air of great relief. quite forgetting in the flurry this witness. mostly. “Behead that Dormouse! Turn that Dormouse out of court! Suppress him! Pinch him! Off with his whiskers!” For some minutes the whole court was in confusion.” of the moment how large she had grown in the “Well. and. “What are tarts made of?” the crowd below. “Treacle. you must cross-examine the next witness. It quite makes my forehead ache!” Alice watched the White Rabbit as he fumbled over the list.” And he added in an undertone to the Queen.” the Queen shrieked out. the cook had disappeared.” said the cook. and. and there they lay sprawling about. by the time they had settled down again. “Never mind!” said the King. “Your Majesty must cross-examine ERE!” CRIED ALICE. Imagine her surprise. by the way the people near the door began sneezing all at once. who “H said in a low voice. I must.” said a sleepy voice behind her. he said her skirt. feeling very curious to see what the next witness would be like.

” quite as much use in the trial one way up as the other. “until all the jurymen are back in their were trying which word sounded best. “Consider your verdict. when the White Rabbit interrupted: “Unim- great dismay. and went on to himself in an undertone. please your “Nothing whatever.” said Alice. I beg your pardon!” she exclaimed in a tone of their slates. gazing up into “It’s the oldest rule in the book. proper places—all.” he said in a quickly as she could. for the accident of the goldfish very respectful tone. and put it right. said.” and looking hard at Alice as he said do. turning to the accidentally upset the week before. in her near enough to look over their slates. the roof of the court. the poor little thing was waving its tail about in a At this moment the King.” Alice could see this. except the Lizard. jury. she had put the Lizard in head downwards. been found and handed back to them.” she thought to herself. jumping up in a great 59 . trem- “Nothing. “There’s more evidence to come yet. “What do you know about this business?” the King The King turned pale.” said the White Rabbit. cackled out got it out again. and began picking them up again as portant.” said Alice. said to Alice. shock of being upset. very diligently to write out a history of the accident. “I should think it would be All persons more than a mile high to leave the court. “Then it ought to be Number One. and she had a vague sort of him as he spoke. and their slates and pencils had “You are. They were just beginning to write this down on “Oh. of course. who seemed too much overcome to that’s not a regular rule: you invented it just now.” added the Queen. or they would die. “import- “The trial cannot proceed. “not that it signifies “Silence!” and read out from his book. being quite unable to move.” said the King. As soon as the jury had a little recovered from the “I’m not a mile high. but frowning and making faces at kept running in her head. idea that they must be collected at once and put back “Unimportant.” he repeated with great emphasis.” said Alice. all “Well. bling voice. much. of course.” Everybody looked at Alice. at any rate. “but it doesn’t haste. Majesty.reminding her very much of a globe of goldfish she had “That’s very important. they set to work “Nearly two miles high.” do anything but sit with its mouth open. who had been for some melancholy way. and matter a bit.” said Alice: “besides.” said the King.” he said to the jury. She soon time busily writing in his note-book. some “unimportant. I shan’t go. in a low. your Majesty means. I meant. “Rule Forty-two. Some of the jury wrote it down “important. “Nothing whatever?” persisted the King. as she was Alice looked at the jury-box.” the King hastily into the jury-box. and shut his note-book hastily.” she said to herself.” the King said.” said Alice. and saw that.” said the King in a very ant—unimportant—unimportant—important—” as if he grave voice.

” said I gave her one.” said the King. “Where shall “I haven’t opened it yet.) You gave us three or more. they’re not.” said the White Rabbit.hurry. There was a general clapping of hands at this: it was the first really clever thing the King had said that day. They all returned from him to you.” said the King. after all: But said I could not swim. (We know it to be true): “No.” go on till you come to the end: then stop. it’s a set of verses. they gave him two. man.” (The jury all looked What would become of you? puzzled.” said the Queen. “but I begin.” “Are they in the prisoner’s handwriting?” asked He sent them word I had not gone another of they jurymen.” “Read them. and added “It isn’t a letter. the queerest thing about it. “and somebody. “It isn’t directed at all.” said the White Rabbit. which isn’t usual. “that only makes If I or she should chance to be the matter worse. “I didn’t write it. And mentioned me to him: there’s nothing written on the outside.” “If you didn’t sign it.” said the King.” said the Knave.) “He must have imitated somebody else’s hand. Involved in this affair. or else you’d have signed your name like an honest He trusts to you to set them free. You must have meant some mischief. “and that’s If she should push the matter on. and ourselves. and it. end. you know.” He unfolded the She gave me a good character. (The jury all brightened up again. it seems to be a letter. “unless it was These were the verses the White Rabbit read:— written to nobody. “Please your Majesty. paper as he spoke. the King. you An obstacle that came between don’t even know what they’re about!” Him.” Exactly as we were.” “Who is it directed to?” said one of the jurymen.” the King said gravely. “in fact.” said the White Rabbit. “What’s in it?” said the Queen. My notion was that you had been “That proves his guilt.” “It must have been that. The White Rabbit put on his spectacles. please your Majesty?” he asked. “this paper has just been picked up. 60 . written by the prisoner to—to “Begin at the beginning. “Why. (Before she had this fit) “It proves nothing of the sort!” said Alice. and they can’t prove I did: there’s no name signed at the Though they were mine before. “They told me you had been to her.

I yet. as he found it made no “If there’s no meaning in it.) ‘—said I could not swim—’ you can’t swim. being made entirely of cardboard. And yet I don’t know. can you?” he “Then the words don’t added. (The it.” but none of his slate with one finger.” he went on. they gave him two—’ why. “But. Don’t let him know she liked them best. “Why.” said the King.) “All right. A secret. Between yourself and me. that was trick- the verses on his knee.” unfortunate little Bill The jury all wrote down on their slates. them attempted to explain the paper. my dear.” said the King. using any. The Knave shook his head sadly. (Which he certainly did not. “She doesn’t had left off writing on believe there’s an atom of meaning in it. of course— ‘I gave her one. you know. as we needn’t try to find ily began again. kept from all the rest. it goes on ‘they all returned from him to you. rubbing his hands.” pointing to the tarts on the table. “so now let the think?” he said to the jury—” Queen. “that saves mark. “Nothing can be clearer than that. spreading out the ink. throw- wasn’t a bit afraid of interrupting him.) “I’ll give him ing an inkstand at the sixpence. and he went on muttering over the verses to himself: “‘We know it to be true—’ that’s the jury. “If any one of them can explain it. there they are!” said the King triumphantly. long as it lasted. as eye.” said Alice. but he now hast- a world of trouble. (she “Never!” said the had grown so large in the last few minutes that she Queen furiously. “I seem to see some meaning in them. Then again—‘before she had this fit—’ you “That’s the most important piece of evidence we’ve heard never had fits. that must be what he did with the tarts. “Do I look like it?” he said. turning to the Knave. after all. I don’t believe there’s an atom of meaning in Lizard as she spoke.’” said For this must ever be Alice. so far. and looking at them with one ling down his face.” said the King. you know—” 61 .

as well “Hold your tongue!” said the Queen. Nobody moved.” sister kissed her. what a smile. for about the twentieth time that day. been reading about. “Who cares for you?” said Alice. “Sentence first—verdict after.” said the King.” So having the sentence first!” Alice got up and ran you. and said. 62 . “Let the jury consider their verdict. and everybody laughed.” she told her sister. “Stuff and nonsense!” said Alice loudly.) “You’re nothing but a pack of cards!” At this the whole pack rose up into the air. what a wonderful dream it had been. turning purple. “The idea of certainly: but now run in to your tea. as well as she could remember them. “Off with her head!” the Queen shouted at the top of her voice. dear. and when she had finished. “It was a curious dream. “Why. and found herself lying on the bank. Alice dear!” said her sister. “I won’t!” said Alice. half of fright and half of anger. There was a dead silence. long sleep you’ve had!” “It’s a pun!” the King added in an offended tone. and came flying down upon her: she gave a little scream. and “Oh. it’s getting late. no!” said the Queen. the King said. with her head in the lap of her sister. she might. looking round the court with a “Wake up. and tried to beat them off. thinking while she ran. her wards. (she had grown to her full size by this time. all these strange Adventures of hers that you have just “No. I’ve had such a curious dream!” said Alice. who was gently brushing away some dead leaves that had fluttered down from the trees upon her face.

while plates and dishes crashed around it—once more the shriek of the Gryphon. and find a pleasure in all their through the neighbouring pool—she could hear the simple joys. and the choking of the suppressed guinea-pigs. herself in Wonderland. perhaps even with the dream of The long grass rustled at her feet as the White Rabbit Wonderland of long ago: and how she would feel with hurried by—the frightened Mouse splashed his way all their simple sorrows. and the pool rippling to the waving of the reeds—the rattling But her sister sat still just as she left her. she pictured to herself how this same little could hear the very tones of her voice. the shriek of the till she too began dreaming after a fashion. shared their never-ending meal. with closed eyes. watching the setting sun. filled the air. leaning her teacups would change to tinkling sheep-bells. and this was Gryphon. in the after-time. she dreamed of little Alice herself. So she sat on. and all would change to dull reali- ty—the grass would be only rustling in the wind. and half believed 63 . or seemed to listen. and see that sister of hers would. and the head on her hand. and how she would keep. through all hair that would always get into her eyes—and still as she her riper years. and the shrill voice of the Queen ordering off her unfortunate guests to execu- tion—once more the pig-baby was sneezing on the THE END Duchess’s knee. and once yard—while the lowing of the cattle in the distance again the tiny hands were clasped upon her knee. the bright eager eyes were looking up into hers—she Lastly. mixed up with the distant sobs of the miserable Mock Turtle. and the rattle of the teacups as the March Hare and his friends happy summer days. though she knew she had but to open them again. and all the other queer noises. many a strange tale. be herself a queer little toss of her head to keep back the wandering grown woman. the simple and loving heart of her child- listened. remembering her own child-life. the whole place around her hood: and how she would gather about her other little became alive with the strange creatures of her little children. boy—and the sneeze of the baby. and make their eyes bright and eager with sister’s dream. the squeaking of the Lizard’s slate-pencil. would change her dream:— (she knew) to the confused clamour of the busy farm- First. and Queen’s shrill cries to the voice of the shepherd thinking of little Alice and all her wonderful Adventures. and would take the place of the Mock Turtle’s heavy sobs.