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1 … representative of the students of high-level achievers, the subjects of the experiment will be students

drawn randomly out of the 5 classes as the accessible population


A Be considered
B To be considered
C Being considered
D Having considered
E They were considered
2 … riding a motorcycle or driving a car can be blamed as the main cause of accidents on the road.
A Hurried
B Reckless
C Speedy
D Quick
E Rapid
3 According to the advertisement, the document that should be submitted by applicants is....

A A curriculum vitae and a passport


B A curriculum vitae and an application letter
C An application letter and a school diploma
D A curriculum vitae and a photo
E An application letter and an ID card

Questions 4 to 6
At the age of sixty-five, Laura Ingalls Wilder began writing a series of novels for young people based on her
early experiences on American frontier. Born in the state of Wisconsin in 1867, she and her family were
rugged pioneers. Seeking better farm land, they went by overed wagon to Missouri in 1869, then on to Kansas
the next year, returning to Wisconsin in 1871, and travelling on to Minnesota and Iowa before settling
permanently in South Dakota in 1879. Because of this constant moving, Wilder's early education took place
sporadically in a succession of one-room schools. From age thirteen to sixteen, she attended school more
regularly, although she never graduated. At the age of eighteen, she married Almanzo James Wilder. They
bought a small farm in Ozarks, where they remained for the rest of their lives. Their only daugh ter, Rose, who
had become a nationally known journalist, encouraged her mother to write. Serving as agent and editor, Rose
negotiated with Harper's to publish her mother's first book, Little House in the Big Woods. Seven more books
followed, each chronicling her early life on the plains. Written from the perspective of a child, they have
remained popular with young readers from many nations. Twenty years after her death in 1957, more than 20
million copies had been sold, and they had been translated into fourteen languages. In 1974, a weekly
television series, "Little House on the Prairie", was produced based on the stories from the Wilder books.
4 Laura Ingalls Wilder began writing novels….
A when she was a child
B right after she married Almanzo
C when she was a young mother
D around the year 1930s
E right after her husband's death
5 Which one of the following events is not true in the life of Laura Ingalls Wilder?
A She went west by covered wagon.
B She graduated from one-room school.
C She lived in Ozarks since her marriage.
D Her daughter worked as a journalist.
E She write seven books during her life.
6 It can be inferred from the passage that….
A Laura Ingalls Wilder wrote scripts for the television series
B Laura Ingalls Wilder started writing in Ozarks
C Wilder's daughter made negotiation for her mother's books
D the Wilder books have a universal appeal
E Wilder had the chance to witness her success as a book writer
7 Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP) refers to formal academic learning. This includes
listening, speaking, reading, and writing about (30)…. This level of language learning is essential for
students to succeed in school. Students need time and support to become proficient in academic areas,
(31)… from five to seven years. Which option best completes (30)?
A material area content subject
B area subject material content
C content subject area material
D content area material subject
E subject area content material
8 Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP) refers to formal academic learning. This includes
listening, speaking, reading, and writing about (30)…. This level of language learning is essential for
students to succeed in school. Students need time and support to become proficient in academic areas,
(31)… from five to seven years. Which option best completes (31)?
A usually which takes
B which usually takes
C which usually it takes
D which it usually takes
E usually which it takes
9 Content-based instruction (CBI) is a teaching method that emphasizes learning about something rather
than learning about language. Although CBI is not new, there has been (26)… in it over the last ten years,
particularly in the USA and Canada where it has proven very effective in ESL immersion programs. This
interest has now spread to EFL classrooms around the world (27)… that their students like CBI and are
excited to learn English this way. Which option best completes (26)?
A an increased interest
B a heated controversy
C an amplified alarm
D a confusing trend
E a current affair
10 Content-based instruction (CBI) is a teaching method that emphasizes learning about something rather
than learning about language. Although CBI is not new, there has been (26)… in it over the last ten years,
particularly in the USA and Canada where it has proven very effective in ESL immersion programs. This
interest has now spread to EFL classrooms around the world (27)… that their students like CBI and are
excited to learn English this way. Which option best completes (27)?
A that everyone begins to realize
B in which parents are conscious
C where school principals observe
D where teachers are discovering
E that communities are now fond
11 During the interview session we must be confident. Do not even show in your words ….
A brass farthing
B besetting sins
C broken accents
D natural spirits
E brute force
12 Everyone present in the seminar was … petrified seeing that Raisha answered the examiner's questions
brilliantly.
A completely
B massively
C extremely
D wholly
E fully
13 Flipped classrooms redefine in-class activities. In-class lessons (28) accompanying flipped classroom may
include activity learning or more traditional homework problems, among other practices, to engage
students in the content. Class activities vary but may include: in-depth laboratory experiments, (29)
original document analysis, debate or speech presentation, current event discussions, peer reviewing,
project-based learning, and skill development or concept practice. The underlined word 'accompanying' is
synonymous with….
A supplementing
B supporting
C upholding
D relating
E holding
14 The antonym of the underlined word 'original' is ….
A imitation
B artificial
C secondary
D false
E replica

Growing Herbs Indoors Materials you need: Containers (with drainage holes and waterproof saucers); herb
seeds and/or plants; potting soil or soilless seed-starting mix; fertilizer Procedures: 1. Prepare the herbs that
you want to plant. The herbs you can choose for windowsill herb garden are basil, cilantro, dill, oregano,
rosemary, sage and thyme. You can start from seed for annual herbs and from plants for perennial herbs. 2.
Use individual pots for each herb so you can give each plant the specific care it needs. Be sure containers have
drainage holes and waterproof saucers. If you want to plant multiple types of herbs in a single container, make
sure they have the same cultural requirements. 3. If starting seeds, fill container with potting mix. Avoid using
garden soil, which tends to be heavy and may contain disease organisms. Sow seeds, checking the seed packet
to determine planting depth. Learn what conditions each herb prefers; for example, basil prefers warmth,
while sage and rosemary like cooler temperatures. Consider choosing compact or dwarf varieties to fit your
space. 4. Next, place containers in a sunny, south-facing window. A south-facing window is adequate for most
herbs. Water your herbs to keep soil moist but not soggy, and drain saucers after watering. Fertilize every two
weeks with a half-strength solution of an all-purpose fertilizer. Pinch back branching plants, such as basil, to
keep them shrubby rather than leggy.
15 What do you have to do before filling the container?
A Choose to plant the herbs from seed or plant.
B Choose the herbs that you want to plant.
C Select the container for each herb.
D Prepare the soil to plant.
E Wash the containier and fill it with fertilizer
16 It is not recommended to use garden soil to plant the indoor herbs because ....
A garden soil may give viruses to indoor herbs
B the indoor herbs may be too heavy to carry
C the garden soil is too warm for indoor herbs
D the indoor herbs may become dwarf if planted in soil
E Garden soil may harm the fertilizer for the herbs
17 After planting the herbs, you need to ….
A give fertilizer to grow the plants well
B take care of the plants by watering it regularly
C find the most suitable spot to place the plants
D occasionally pick the leaves to grow shrubby plants
E put the new plants on a shady place for protection

Questions no. 18 to ..
Recently, I took a trip to Japan. I went across the country and visited most of its famous places. One that I
noted was Akihabara. One notable establishment which can be found in Akihabara is called a Girl/Maid Cafe, a
themed restaurant where the servers are women and they come and have conversations with you at your
table. Together with my friends, we went to a Mermaid Cafe, which was themed to be under the sea. Our
waitress was named Momone, and while she did not look exactly like a Mermaid, she was definitely wearing a
stereotypical maid outfit. Unfortunately I did not speak Japanese, though the rest of my small cohort did, so a
long conversation ensued about our servers' interests and adventures. I purchased a special drink, which
costed a bit more than the others, but came with a cute Polaroid which Momone and I posed for. She wrote
all over the Polaroid with markers, writing cute messages and drawing hearts, to help build the illusion that we
were a cute (Kawaii) couple. The arcades in Akihabara are filled with people playing games. I am a big fan of
Guilty Gear, but I could not find it in the arcade I was in, so I instead settled for BlazBlu, its cousin. This arcade,
and many other buildings in the area, have very slow elevators and no staircases. If there were a fire I could
only assume everybody would die. One of the shops I went to was several stories tall. The first story contained
modern console video games, the next stories contain retro console games. One story is dedicated to movies,
while another to board games. There I purchase one toy as a souvenir for a friend back in the States, though I
had not yet asked how it worked. When riding between cities, the trains were very packed. In these trains one
will find many Japanese Businesspersons, who mostly appear sad and tired. This offers a sharp contrast with
the whole "Kawaii" culture which is especially prevalent in Akihabara.
18 This offers a sharp contrast with the whole "Kawaii" culture which is especially prevalent in Akihabara.
The text mainly discusses.…
A the modern culture of Akihabara
B the writer's experiences in the maid café
C the writer's journey exploring the downtown of Akihabara
D the trip to get special toys the writer could buy in Akihabara
E the visit to Akibahara for culinary and games hunting
19 Which of these statements that is correct based on the text?
A The writer bought the most expensive drink in the café.
B The writer could assume everybody would die now or then.
C The Mermaid Café is usually themed under certain themes.
D Customers have to use stairs to go to the arcades in Akihabara.
E The businesspersons give the different view about the culture in Akihabara.

Social Network Impact on Young People The impact of social networks on young people is significant. Children
are growing up surrounded by mobile devices and interactive social networking sites such as Twitter,
Instagram, and Facebook, which has made the social media a vital aspect of their life. Social network is
transforming the manner in which young people interact with their parents, peers, as well as how they make
use of technology. However, hyper-connected to social network cannot be bad for them. The effects of social
networking are twofold. On the positive side, social networks can act as invaluable tools for professionals.
They achieve this by assisting young professionals to market their skills and seek business opportunities. Social
networking sites may also be used to network professionally. On the negative side, the inter net is laden with a
number of risks associated with online communities. Cyber bullying, which refers to a type of bullying that is
perpetrated using electronic technology, is one of the risks. Bullies have taken to internet sites such as Twitter
and Facebook, where the hide behind the anonymity provided by the internet to carry out their despicable
acts. Young people also run the risk of inadvertently disclosing their personal information since on most
occasions; they usually neglect to read carefully websites' privacy policies. Whenever young people fail to read
the policies and disclaimers, they are exposed to risks of having their personal information disclosed. This is
especially a serious matter in light o the rising cases of cyber crimes such as identi ty theft. New studies reveal
that social networks have the ability to sway people to spend money by running advertisements on the user's
page. Such forms of near-subliminal advertising can subconsciously cause an individual to buy certain
merchandise. It is becoming increasingly clear that social networks have become part of people's lives. Many
young people are using their tablet computers and smartphones to check Tweets and status updates from
their friends and family. As technology advances, people are pressured to adopt different lifestyles. Social
networking sites can assist young people to become more socially capable. However, they may also make
them clumsy and incompetent, as well. Therefore, it is imperative to exercise caution and restraint when
dealing with such issues.
20 What makes bullies are found on the social network?
A People have their own privacy protected by the law set up in the internet.
B Social networks have the ability to sway people to spend money.
C People can hide behind the anonymity provided by the internet.
D It can connect the people to the online communities easily.
E The risks of bullying through the internet can be avoided.
21 "They" achieve this by assisting young professionals to market their skills and seek business opportunities.
(Paragraph 2) The underlined word refers to....
A The effects
B Social networks
C The positive side
D Business opportunities
E Internet users
22 What is likely the writer's opinion toward social networks?
A The social networks are very good for young people.
B The young people should deactivate their social networks.
C The social networks only give bad impacts for young people.
D The young people should be wise in using the social networks.
E People should use the social networks only for education

Steps for Connecting a Laptop to a Projector To connect a laptop to a projector, you need to prepare... 1. First,
make sure your computer and laptop are both turned off. 2. Second, connect the video cable (usually VGA)
from your laptop's external video port to the projector. 3. Then, plug your projector into an electrical outlet
and press the "power" button to turn it ON. 4. Next, turn on your laptop. 5. If you need audio for your
presentation, connect the laptop's "audio out" port to the projector, or to another sound system. 6. Sync the
projector and laptop by holding down the FUNCTION key function (Fn) and pressing one of the following keys
to toggle. (Note: Depending on your computer, you may have to use a different F key than those listed above.)
23 The purpose of the text is to….
A tell the readers how to connect a laptop to a projector
B persuade the readers to connect a laptop to a projector
C encourage the readers to connect a laptop to a projector
D inform the readers kinds of laptop that connect to a projector
E operate a laptop related to an overhead projector
24 What should you do to present the audio for your presentation?
A Sync the projector and laptop by holding down the FUNCTION key.
B Connect the laptop's "audio out" port to another sound system.
C Plug the projector into an electrical outlet.
D Press the "power" button to turn it ON.
E Plug the projector cable to the laptop outlet.
25 Suppose we want to build a machine that understands or generates linguistic communication between
humans. So, we need models and processes for (32) getting chunks of information from voice or textual
utterances and manipulating them inside a computer. These models' catch-all name is natural language
processing. The underlined part getting chunks of information in the passage may be best rephrased as….
A obtaining portions of materials
B collecting bits of evidence
C synthesizing facts of news
D receiving reports of facts
E attaining pieces of data

The Bear Who Married a Woman Once upon a time there lived a widow of the tribe of the Gispaxlâ'ts. Many
men tried to marry her daughter, but she declined them all. The mother said, "When a man comes to marry
you, feel of the palms of his hands. If they are soft, decline him. If they are rough, accept him." She meant that
she wanted to have a son-in-law who is skillful in building canoes. Her daughter obeyed her commands and
refused all young men. One night a youth came to her. The palms of his hands were very rough, and therefore
she accepted his suit. Early in the morning, however, he had suddenly disappeared, even before she had seen
him. When her mother arose early in the morning and went out, she found a halibut (name of fish) on the
beach in front of the house, although it was midwinter. The following evening the young man came back, but
disappeared again before the dawn of the day. In the morning the widow found a seal in front of the house.
Thus they lived for some time. The young woman never saw the face of her husband; but every morning she
found an animal on the beach, every day a larger one. Thus the widow came to be very rich. She was anxious
to see her son-in-law, and one day she waited until he arrived. Suddenly she saw a red bear appear from the
water. He carried a whale on each side, and put them down on the beach. As soon as he noticed that he was
observed, he was transformed into a rock, which may be seen up to this day. He was a supernatural being of
the sea.
26 Which of the following statement is TRUE according to the text?
A The daughter accepted a youth with rough palms.
B The young woman rarely saw the face of her husband.
C The woman wanted to have a man with soft palms as her son-in-law.
D The daughter disobeyed her mom to refuse all men with soft palms.
E The man and his wife objected to the daugher's choice.
27 What can we conclude from the text?
A The woman and her daughter lived in poverty forever.
B The daughter did not love the young man but she had to marry him.
C The woman finally realized that she had a red bear as her son-in-law.
D The daughter knew the real identity of her husband yet still loved him.
E Having a red bear as a son-in-law can be relatively amazing
28 We can learn from the text that....
A we have to believe in the supernatural power
B we have to be careful in taking our actions
C we have to trust people with rough palms
D we have to disobey our parents
E man and animal may live hand in hand
29 The best arrangement of these sentences to make a logical paragraph is… 1. Therefore, it needs a broad
effort by everyone to make the proper education system in such countries. 2. Education is very necessary
for the betterment of everyone's life. 3. However, the education system is still weak in the undeveloped
countries. 4. It enables us and prepares us in every aspect of life. 5. People living in such countries are
poor and spend their whole day in arranging only some basic needs. 6. Proper education also creates lots
of ways to go ahead in the future. Thus, we all should know the importance of education in our life.
A 2–7–4–3–1–5–6
B 2–6–7–4–3–5–1
C 2–7–4–6–3–5–1
D 2–6–4–7–1–3–5
E 2–5–7–4–6–3–1
The earth has four major layers: the inner core, outer core, mantle and crust. The crust and the top of the
mantle make up a thin skin on the surface of our planet. But this skin is not all in one piece – it is made up of
many pieces like a puzzle covering the surface of the earth. Not only that, but these puzzle pieces keep slowly
moving around, sliding past one another and bumping into each other. We call these puzzle pieces tectonic
plates, and the edges of the plates are called the plate boundaries. The plate boundaries are made up of many
faults, and most of the earthquakes around the world occur on these faults. Since the edges of the plates are
rough, they get stuck while the rest of the plate keeps moving. Finally, when the plate has moved far enough,
the edges unstuck on one of the faults and there is an earthquake. While the edges of faults are stuck
together, and the rest of the block is moving, the energy that would normally cause the blocks to slide past
one another is being stored up. When the force of the moving blocks finally overcomes the friction of the
jagged edges of the fault and it unsticks, all that stored up energy is released. The energy radiates outward
from the fault in all directions in the form of seismic waves like ripples on a pond. The seismic waves shake the
earth as they move through it, and when the waves reach the earth's surface, they shake the ground and
anything on it, like our houses and us!
30 Why does the writer write the text?
A To describe the major layers of the earth during the earthquake.
B To explain to the readers how the earthquake occurs.
C To inform the readers how to prevent earthquake.
D To tell the readers the impacts of an earthquake.
E To discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the earthquake.
31 (Par 1) The underlined word has a closest meaning to....
A happen
B prevent
C locate
D hold
E exist
32 The text mainly talks about....
A the danger of an earthquake
B the process of an earthquake
C the location of an earthquake
D the definition of an earthquake
E the harmfull effect of an earthquake
33 The explanation on the new teaching method can take a long time. But, the lecturer did not have much
time as he had to go out of town on duty. So, he tried to keep the explanation….
A high and dry
B free and easy
C meek and mild
D short and sweet
E first and foremost

The Indus River Valley was once home to the most widespread and peaceful of the ancient civilizations: the
Indus Valley civilization also referred to as the Harappan civilization. Known for its two major cities, Harappa
and Mohenjo-Daro, this society lasted from roughly 3300 B.C. to 1300 B.C., yet it was only recently
rediscovered within the last one hundred years. Studies of the long-buried sites show surprising and
interesting findings about the people, culture, and structures that made up this great civ ilization. The phrase
"early civilizations" usually conjures up images of Egypt and Mesopotamia and their pyramids, mummies, and
golden tombs. But in the 1920s, a huge discovery in South Asia proved that Egypt and Mesopotamia were not
the only "early civilizations." In the vast Indus River plains (located in what is today Pakistan and western
India), under layers of land and mounds of dirt, archaeologists discovered the remains of a 4,600 -year-old city.
A thriving, urban civilization had existed at the same time as Egyptian and Mesopotamian states—in an area
twice each of their sizes. The people of this Indus Valley civilization did not build massive monuments like their
contemporaries, nor did they bury riches among their dead in golden tombs. There were no mummies, no
emperors, and no violent wars or bloody battles in their territory. Remarkably, the lack of all these is what
makes the Indus Valley civilization so exciting and unique. While others civilizations were devoting huge
amounts of time and resources to the rich, the supernatural, and the dead, Indus Valley inhabitants were
taking a practical approach to supporting the common, secular, living people. Sure, they believed in an
afterlife and employed a system of social divisions. But they also believed resources were more valuable in
circulation among the living than on display or buried underground. Amazingly, the Indus Valley civilization
appears to have been a peaceful one. Very few weapons have been found and no evidence of an army has
been discovered. Excavated human bones reveal no signs of violence, and building remains show no indication
of battle. All evidence points to a preference for peace and success in achieving it. So how did such a practical
and peaceful civilization become so successful?
34 (To be continued) The Indus Valley civilization was described as …
A rich and powerful
B successful and resourceful
C rich and supernatural
D peaceful and practical
E amazing and successful
35 The text implies that the early civilization ....
A only referred to the culture of Egypt and Mesopotamia
B did not only belong to Egyptian and Mesopotamia people
C did not last for less than 2000 years
D flourished well in the last one hundred years
E became so successfull that it lasts forever

Text 14

The Input Hypothesis claims that humans acquire language in only one way--by understanding messages, (46)...
by receiving "comprehensible input." If acquisition is the core of this theory, the crucial question then becomes:
How do we acquire? According to the hypothesis, we move from one stage of understanding to (47).... More
specifically, we acquire a new rule by understanding messages that contain this new rule. We move from stage
"i", the present level of the understood message or "current competence", to the next level, giving us the formula
"i+1." (48)…, "i+1", "comprehensible input" and the Input Hypothesis (IH) mean the same thing and can be used
interchangeably for the purpose of this paper.

36. Which option best completes (46)?


A. Clearly
B. simply
C. amazingly
D. basically
E. naturally
37. Which option best completes (47)?
a. Others
b. Another
c. the other understanding
d. others' understanding
e. one another understanding
38. Which option best completes (48)?
a. Henceforth
b. Given that
c. Following this
d. It follows that
e. Therefore

The K-W-L-H learning strategy is one of the most popular strategies that have been used by the learning
community to read and understand texts as well as work on different school projects. This strategy that was
developed by Donna Ogle in 1986 was originally developed for studying literature. K-W-L-H is an acronym.
39. The underlined part that was developed by Donna Ogle in the passage may be best rephrased as….
a. Donna Ogle invented
b. Donna Ogle was found
c. discovered Donna Ogle
d. to be created by Donna Ogle
e. was Donna Ogle constructed

The main causes of obesity are: the decreased level of nutrients intake, and sedentary lifestyle. For example,
the intake of fast food meals tripled between 1977 and 1995, and calorie level magnified four times during the
same period. Nevertheless, it is insufficient explanation of phenomenal rise in the obesity levels in the well-
developed countries. Overall, obesity is a major health and social problem, which has reached pandemic
levels. (49) … A survey indicates that more than 2 in 3 adults are considered to be overweight. There are
health risks caused by overweight or obesity. These are osteoarthritis, high blood pressure, heart disease, type
2 diabetes, and nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting
millions of people worldwide. It occurs when the protective cartilage on the ends of your bones wears down
over time.
40. … The sentence that best completes blank spaces in (49) is….
a. The causes of obesity are interrelated factors, such as genetics, lifestyle and body energy us e
b. People who are obese are at increased risk for many serious diseases and health conditions
c. A number of health hazards have been associated with overweight several studies reveal.
d. Overweight and obese persons are often blamed for their condition and considered lazy
e. Recently obesity or overweight has been the subject of intensive research medically
41. The meaning that best expresses these two sentences: 'We joined a workshop by a facilitator' and 'His
workshop topic was inspiring.' is….
a. We joined a workshop by a facilitator the workshop topic of whom was inspiring
b. We joined a workshop by a facilitator, the workshop topic of which was inspiring
c. We joined a workshop by a facilitator of whose workshop topic was inspiring
d. We joined a workshop by a facilitator whose workshop topic was inspiring
e. We joined a workshop by a facilitator that workshop topic was inspiring
42. The meaning that best expresses this: 'The computer program is not at hand now. As a result, we
analyze the data manually' is….
a. If the computer program is at hand now, we will not analyze the data manually
b. Were the computer program at hand now, we would not analyze the data manually*
c. If the computer program was at hand now, we would not analyze the data manually
d. Should the computer program be at hand now, we will not analyze the data manually
e. If the computer program would be at hand now, we would not analyze the data manually
43. The table below shows the primary funding sources of international students in the US during the
years 2003/04 and 2013/14.
In 2003, the funding is the least provided by.…

a. current employer
b. personal and family
c. U.S. college or university
d. foreign government or university
e. other sources.
44. The statement that best conclude the table is….
a. the change increases by half number of the first data taken
b. the increase of primary funding sources is contributed by government
c. working and studying at the same time is not beneficial for the government
d. the number of international students in the U.S. is doubled from 2003-2013
e. the primary funding resources on international students increase steadily
45. Thesis draft consultation can also be a challenge for some students. Not only do they have to present
their ideas but also to answer their advisor's questions during the consultation session. Many really
feel they.… before even they meet their thesis advisor.
a. have butterflies in their stomach
b. sit on the edge of their seat
c. make their blood run cold
d. can't stand the pace
e. are like a silly goose
46. We planned to attend the conference overland; but it was not easy to find the transports … we
traveled as most were fully booked.
a. in which
b. which
c. where
d. that
e. by which
47. What educational background is required for the job vacancy above?

a. An air conditioner engineer major


b. A hotel business major
c. A diploma in enginnering
d. An electrical engineer major
e. A business management major
48. When traveling by ... trains, we can not only arrive on time but also save our time to our destination.
a. express
b. speedy
c. quick
d. rapid
e. swift
49. Wine making has been around for thousands of years. (44) …. It is a natural process requiring little
human intervention. However, each wine maker guides the process through different techniques. In
general, there are five basic components of the wine making process: harvesting, crushing and
pressing, fermentation, clarification, and aging and bottling. (45) …. However, they also add variations
and deviations along the way to make their wine unique. Which option best completes (44)?
a. Wine making is not known by many
b. This makes wine popular universally
c. It is not only an art but also a science
d. Wine makers have a secret to do it
e. Sometimes machines are involved
50. Which option best completes (45)?
a. Careful handling is assured in wine making
b. Wine making normally takes a long process
c. Good wine factories use standard processes
d. Wine makers typically follow these five steps
e. However, these depends on the grape quality