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á  á 

m 
1941 Born in Seoul Metropolitan City
Graduated from The University of Tokyo, Department of
1965
Architecture
Worked at Kiyonori Kikutake Architects and Associates
1971 Started his own studio, Urban Robot (URBOT) in Tokyo
1979 Changed its name to Toyo Ito & Associates, Architects

 

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    á 
1986 Architecture Institute of Japan awards for ³Silver Hut´ 1975 
1992 33rd Mainich Art Award for Yatsushiro Municipal Museum 1984 Silver Hut (Ito's own house, adjacent to White U)
1998 Ministry of Education Award for the Encouragement of 1991 Yatsushiro Municipal Museum
Arts for ³Dome in Odate´ 1994 Old People's Home in Yatsushiro
1999 Japan Art Academy Prize for ³Dome in Odate´ 2001  !
2000 Accorded the Title ³Academician´ from The International Serpentine pavilion adjacent to the Serpentine Gallery, in
Academy of Architecture 2002
Hyde Park, London
2000 The Arnold W. Brunner Memorial Prize in Bruges pavilion
Architecture from American Academy of Arts and Letters
2004 Matsumoto Performing Art Center, Matsumoto
2001 Grand Prize of Good Design Award 2001 from Japan á
" #m$%&á'(
Industrial Design Promotion Organization (JIDPO) for
³Sendai Mediatheque´ First Prize "Taichung Opera International Competition" in
2006
Taiwan
2002 Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement of the 8th
International Architecture Exhibition NEXT at the Venice )*( %+,-
Biennale 2008 $# #.%&á/
Architectural Institute of Japan Prize for ³Sendai 2009 *m$%&m0$& +
2003
Mediatheque´ Water Fountain in Pescara
XX ADI Compasso d¶Oro Award for ³Ripples´ (furniture -á/m0$& +
2004
design) 
2006 Royal Gold Medal from The Royal Institute of British 
Architects (RIBA) 
Public Building Award for ³Sendai Mediatheque´ 

2008 ADI Compasso d¶Oro Award for the Stand Horm 2005
6th Austrian Frederick Kiesler Prize for Architecture and
the Arts

 



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á1


Concept Sketch by Toyo Ito

Image from: http://www.artspace.org.nz/exhibitions/2001/blurringarchitecture.asp

ù ³From the time of competition and through the basic design


process, our prime objective was to destroy conventional
archetypes such as art museums or libraries; we carefully
analyzed each program, eventually recomposing them to create
a ³mediatheque´.´ ± Toyo Ito1

ù The aim of the proposal as selected was, in a sense, a simple


prototypical building

ù From its very first conception Toyo Ito pursued a structural


system of : Tubes/Slabs/Skin

ù The ³mediateque,´ composed of these three simple elements,


will serve as a place to unify the primitive human body
connected to nature with the body that is part of the fluid
 electronic world.
Sendai Mediatheque
Image from:
http://www.miyagitheme.jp/cd/main_data/area_db_e/ad_sendai/ad001_sendai/index.ht
ml 

 !""#$% &"'#($ &# )&*+%$&+$% (&,-&)& '$&.&+% %'#(
/

0'1
( 23444)(%.&$&*+1)*51+-6&7$6&"8%# $*7$6&)9& $6&87::)

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ù The tubes serve as vertical circulation, passageways for
ductwork and conduits, exhaust and air supply, and skylights to
let light into lower levels.
Negative details suggest the
tubes pass through the plates
without touching. The structure
seems not to resist gravity but
to neutralise it.

Images from:
http://www.artspace.org.nz/exhi
bitions/2001/blurringarchitectur
e.asp
Conceptual diagram of tubular structure.
Image from: http://www.um.u-tokyo.ac.jp/publish_db/1997VA/english/virtual/05.html
ù Toyo Ito¶s understate façade treatment- the similarity between
ù Sendai Mediatheque is designed to create new concepts for life the Mediatheque's elevations and sections
in modern cities, searching for an architecture appropriate to our
electronic, image-oriented consumer society. ù High Tech Expression - Satin sheen aluminum, cloudy
translucence and crystalline reflectivity of glass and steel
ù To fuse the physical and virtual worlds: exposed steel structure

 Unusual function and radical steel-tube structural system ù Supporting the concept : architecture which appropriate to our
increasingly electronic, image-oriented culture
 Floors which hang on penetrating conduiting masts

ù A space where the laws of nature don't apply - abstract,
 
conceptual, dreamlike

ù The building expresses Ito's obsession with lightness, his desire


to strip away anything that reminds us of gravity and support
and his fascination with the facing of a building.

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 á )2  Image form: http://humanthesis.blogspot.com/2008/02/blog-post.html


ù Segmenting the cube with numerous overlapping lines, where a


rotating square inscribed, on an abstract cube's top and side
surfaces

ù At those lines' intersections, Toyo Ito creates a space with


geometry completely different from the conventional cube.

ù Through the use of these lines alone, Toyo Ito was able to do
away with the usual elements of a building such as columns,
beams, walls, windows and doors, and give people the
experience of a totally new sense of space.

ù The numerous triangles and trapezoids formed by this system of


intersecting lines were either transparent or translucent, giving a
Serpentine Pavillion sense of infinitely repeated motion.

Image from: ù The outside surface was smooth and flushes while on the inside
http://www.0lll.com/lud/pages/architecture/archgallery/ito_serpentine/june21.htm
the depth of the steel ribs was set by their structural load,
adding a 3-dimensional layer to the internal space.

ù The filtering effect of this 'hyper' skin created interesting patterns


of light on the floor.

ù By day the pavilion was a café, by night a venue for lectures,


discussions, parties and films.

ù It was also carefully built to the structural standards of a


permanent building so that it could be taken down and rebuilt
somewhere else.

ù The abstract quality and the snow-white pavilion reflecting the


green of the surrounding grass, made a beautiful contrast with
the main gallery itself.
Roof detail.
 

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á
3  á 
m2
  fronting Omotesando

ù ³The new Tod¶s building in Tokyo is not only (#,$


#*&,$(#,$,. When
I started working on this Project, I visited the Tod¶s headquarters
near Ancona and I realized that all the Tod¶s products are
handcrafted /%$!$(
$. All the production steps strongly $0$*
´ - Toyo Ito2

ù The facade of criss-crossed geometric forms concrete braces


reinterprets the silhouettes of the elm trees lining the
OmotesandoAvenue .

ù Nature Inspires the Tod¶sOmotesando building through the use


of materials such as &/$

ù Tod¶s products are characterized by a strong combination of


tradition and high quality.

ù The idea of space, where physical and virtual worlds blend


together, the authoritative and technologically sophisticated
masterpieces projected by Ito are characterized, not only by
magnificence but also by durability

ù The façade is a smooth blend of 00%$

ù The structural frame that supports the building is well concealed.

ù Inside, opaque glass hides the rear view so that shoppers are
drawn to the front of the store where they play an important role
in animating the building.


Front Elevation of TOD¶s Building.
Image from: http://www.toyo-ito.co.jp/WWW/Project_Descript/2000-/2000-p_13/2-
800.jpg



Tod¶s Group. The Tod¶s Omotesando¶s Building. Retrieved at March 20, 2010 from
ù Tod¶sOmotesando Building is a slender, L-shaped building for
www.todsgroup.com/site/pdf_rassegna/TODS_Omotesando.pdf
the Italian footwear retailer, it contains offices and a boutique

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-
 )á  -4 á)  ù Toyo Ito transformed a dull office building by creating a
remarkable facade of undulating waves that he says was
á  á5 inspired by his love of the work of Antoni Gaudi.

ù Suites Avenue¶s new façade has a unique and avant-garde


identity that meshes perfectly with Gaudi¶s La Pedrera, just
opposite.

View looking through Suite


Avenue Apartment's façade
toward Casa Milà .
Image from: http://www.toyo-
ito.co.jp/WWW/Project_Descript/2005-
/2005-p_16/2005-p_16_en.html

Suite Avenue Apartment Casa Mila by Antoni Gaudi



Façade of Suite Avenue Apartment Image from: Image from:
http://www.flickr.com/photos/rsan http://www.photos4travel.com/spain/
Image from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/rsanchezcrespo/3380256192/ chezcrespo/3380256192/ barcelona/gaudi-pedrera.asp
 

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2
   á
 &.   &á   resembles a python just beginning to coil around its prey, its tail
tapering off to frame one side of an entry plaza.

ù Unlike the Bird¶s Nest it unfolds slowly to the visitor and is as


much about connecting ² physically and metaphorically ² with
the public spaces around it as it is about the intensity of a self-
contained event.

ù Surrounding the structure is public space in abundance with


sports parks, bicycle paths and lush vegetation ensuring the
Main Stadium will be regarded not as the novelty venue of a
novelty sporting event, but a serious contender in event
architecture.

ù ³At the moment when visitors are most in tune with the event
about to take place the outside world momentarily creeps back
in. The tops of a few mountains are visible just above the
canopy. So is the plaza, and just beyond it a distant view of the
downtown skyline. It is as if Mr. Ito wants to remind us, one last
time, of other realities, to gently break down the sense that the
Kaoshiung World Game Stadium. world of the stadium is all there is. ´ Quoted form Nicolai
Ouroussoff in . 3
Image from: http://www.designboom.com/weblog/cat/9/view/7016/toyo-ito-world-
games-stadium-in-kaohsiung-taiwan-opens.html


%
Profile of mountains
ù The World Games Stadium differs from traditionally enclosed around Kaoshiung
stadiums and embraces an open design that signifies a cordial World Game
welcome with a cheerful greeting Stadium.

ù The planning of the stadium is oriented with a north-south Image from:


http://www.designboom.co
direction, with a slight northwest-southeast 15-degree angle m/weblog/cat/9/view/7016/
toyo-ito-world-games-
ù The spiral conforms to the open ³C´ shape of the stadium which stadium-in-kaohsiung-
emulates the form of a flowing river taiwan-opens.html
,$
ù This design allows shelter from the south-western summer
winds and the north-western winter winds 
/Nicolai Ouroussoff. (July 15, 2009). Stadium Where Worlds Collide, Humanely . In
ù At the same time, such orientation shelters from sunlight, The New York Times, p C1, July 16, 2009. July 16, 2009 New York: The New York
providing a more comfortable sports environment Times. Retrieved at March 13, 2010
fromhttp://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/16/arts/design/16stadium.html?_r=3&scp=2&sq
ù Clad in a band of interwoven white pipes, the structure =taiwan&st=cse

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ù The 14,155 sq. meter roof contains 8,844 solar panels which
generates 1 . 14 million kWh of electricity per year, reducing 660
tons of annual carbon dioxide output

ù With approximately 3,300 lights, two giant television screens,


and complete surround sound, the solar panels can provide up
to 75% of the stadium¶s energy needs

ù When no competitions are taking place, the electricity generated


is fed into the grid where it will meet almost 80% of the
neighbouring area¶s energy requirements

ù All the raw materials used in the main stadium are 100%
reusable and made in Taiwan The electricity generated by solar panels is sufficient to feed the
need of the stadium.
Image from: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/16/ar...=taiwan&st=cse

Solar Panel on the roof.


Image from: http://twistedsifter.com/2009/06/the-largest-solar-powered-stadium-in-the-
world-kaohsiung-taiwan/ Roof Detail.
Image from: http://forgemind.net/phpbb/viewtopic.php?f=24&t=17465&start=15

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 á-á &m2  ù PortaFira Towers located between the airport and the city of
Barcelona, the PortaFira Towers intend to become the gateway
to l¶Hospitalet de Llobregat and the city of Barcelona.

 ;  ù The project was finished in 2009 and are conceived as a


landmark, one being the counterpart of the other

ù The two towers perform a subtle dialogue between them.

ù The hotel (PB+25), is designed to turn on itself changing its


perception as it is surrounded.
 ;
 The hotel is contained in a distorted cylinder, expanding
towards the top and clad in red metal panels and tubes.

 Its skin is made of a system of red metal tubes placed with


a certain inclination.

ù This perception is complemented by the second tower, which


will house offices (PB+22).

 The office building is a rectangular volume with a glass


curtain reflection of the hotel tower.

ù Between the two towers, and connecting it, there is a common


atrium.

ù The buildings feature %(*%devises, a water recovery


PortaFira Towers which consist of a hotel (PB+25) designed by Toyo system waste and the use of solar energy.
Ito and an office (PB+22) designed by b720 Arquitectos.
ù The uniqueness of the large architectural project proposed has
Image from: http://www.dezeen.com/2010/03/03/porta-fira-towers-by-toyo-ito-and- as one of its priorities to+*#and
b720-arquitectos/ 6+$%0+.

ù Each building has a(#,$0organic shape, which should
 bring to mind elements found in nature such as rivers and
clouds

ù Natural light, well-conceived interior illumination and an
 adequate, functional organization, accessible to the different
areas of the grounds, all dominate this design.


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Facade treatment of PortaFira Tower (PB+25).
Deformation diagram .
Image from: http://www.dezeen.com/2010/03/03/porta-fira-towers-by-toyo-ito-and- Image from: http://www.archdaily.com/20501/in-progress-porta-fira-towers-in-plaza-
b720-arquitectos/ europa-by-toyo-ito/

Conceptual 3D model of PortaFira Tower (PB+25). Section of Porta Fira Towers.

Image from: http://www.archdaily.com/20501/in-progress-porta-fira-towers-in-plaza- Image from: http://www.archdaily.com/20501/in-progress-porta-fira-towers-in-plaza-


europa-by-toyo-ito/ europa-by-toyo-ito/

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 2  7
  2  
ù His works quest for "(##0+ ù Fascinated by the immense possibilities opened up by computer
##(,$00*%#*#". technology, Mr Ito is driven by his mission to create new,
organic buildings which 6+$$+/
ù ³+89:;I favoured buildings featuring +0( *#.
$%. Buildings are generally thought of as solid and
immutable but, in line with the emergence of the information ù Architects from the past whom were admired by Toyo Ito : Le
society people, came to seek ,0 Corbusier, Mies Van der Rohe, and those with whom Toyo Ito
,0$. I wanted to see if I could promote have had direct contact or worked with, like ArataIsozaki and
*$,$%/$!$(. KiyonoriKikutake.

However, with the completion of the Sendai Médiathèque in ù Current architects whom Toyo Ito appreciate:
2000, my ideas about buildings changed considerably. 'Sendai' Rem Koolhaas' vision of architecture
was built by welding an enormous amount of steel, and during
that process I found myself attracted to the strength of steel and  
a sense of substance. /'++$&0$
0!$&/$&
60%0,(. Since then I have been
seeking a dynamism that captures the momentary balance
achieved during movement in my works. This could be said to
be groping for a 0#+(%0+0. ´

Quote from Toyo Ito in an interview with the Embassy of Japan


in UK after Toyo Ito awarded RIBA Royal Gold Medal4


:
Embassy of Japan in the UK. Interview with Toyo Ito. Retrieved at March 10, 2010
from http://www.uk.emb-japan.go.jp/en/japanUK/exchange/060316_itointerview.html


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-  Design Boom. Toyo ito designed a sea wave facade in Barcelona.Retrieved at March
13, 2010 fromhttp://www.designboom.com/weblog/cat/9/view/5810/toyo-ito-designed-
a-sea-wave-facade-in-barcelona.html
m%+(<0

Dave. (March 27, 2009). The Suites Avenue Hotel Exterior by Toyo Ito. Retrieved at
Toyo Ito & Associates, Architects. Profile. Retrieved at March 6, 2010 from
March 13, 2010 from http://www.contemporist.com/2009/03/27/the-suites-avenue-
http://www.toyo-ito.co.jp/WWW/Profile/pf_en.html
hotel-exterior-by-toyo-ito/

 !
$# #&.%&á/
Mutsuro SasakiÕESasaki Structural Consultants. (2001). The Structure of Sendai
Mediatheque. Retrieved at March 6, 2010 from http://www.um.u- Alex Pasternack . (June 7, 2009). The Greenest, Coolest Stadium: Toyo Ito On His
tokyo.ac.jp/publish_db/1997VA/english/virtual/05.html Sun-Powered Stun. Retrieved at March 13, 2010 from
http://www.treehugger.com/files/2009/07/worlds-greenest-most-elegant-stadium-
taiwan-toyo-ito.php
Andrew Barrie and Toyo Ito. (2001). Toyo Ito: Blurring Architecture. New Zealand: Art
Space and Wellington: City Gallery. Retrieved at March 6, 2010 from
http://www.artspace.org.nz/exhibitions/2001/blurringarchitecture.asp Design Boom. Toyo Ito: world games stadium in kaohsiung taiwan opens. Retrieved at
March 13, 2010 fromhttp://www.designboom.com/weblog/cat/9/view/7016/toyo-ito-
world-games-stadium-in-kaohsiung-taiwan-opens.html
+$$(
Niki May Young. (Wednesday 29 Jul 2009). Main Stadium World Games 2009,
RIBA. (2006). Royal Gold Metal 2006. Retrieved at March 10, 2010 from
Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Retrieved at March 13, 2010 from
http://www.architecture.com/Awards/RoyalGoldMedal/RoyalGoldMedal2006/Serpentin
http://www.worldarchitecturenews.com/index.php?fuseaction=wanappln.projectview&u
eGalleryPavillion.aspx
pload_id=12084
Embassy of Japan in the UK. Interview with Toyo Ito. Retrieved at March 10, 2010
Nicolai Ouroussoff. (July 15, 2009). Stadium Where Worlds Collide, Humanely . In
from http://www.uk.emb-japan.go.jp/en/japanUK/exchange/060316_itointerview.html
The New York Times, p C1, July 16, 2009. July 16, 2009 New York: The New York
Times. Retrieved at March 13, 2010
Ludwich Abache. Serpentine Pavilion by Toyo Ito. Retrieved at March 10, 2010
fromhttp://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/16/arts/design/16stadium.html?_r=3&scp=2&sq
fromhttp://www.danda.be/reviews/serpentine_pavilion_by_toyo_ito/
=taiwan&st=cse
á3 #m$%
-á/&m0$
Tod¶s Group. The Tod¶s Omotesando¶s Building. Retrieved at March 20, 2010 from
Rose Etherington. (March 3, 2010). Porta Fira Towers by Toyo Ito and b720
www.todsgroup.com/site/pdf_rassegna/TODS_Omotesando.pdf
Arquitectos. Dezeen. Retrieved at March 10, 2010 from
http://www.dezeen.com/2010/03/03/porta-fira-towers-by-toyo-ito-and-b720-arquitectos/
Simon Glynn. (2009). Tod's Omotesando Building, Tokyo by Toyo Ito. Retrieved at
March 10, 2010 from http://www.galinsky.com/buildings/tods/index.html
Ethel Baraona Pohl. (April 29, 2009) In progress: Porta Fira towers in Plaza Europa
by Toyo Ito. Retrieved at March 10, 2010 from http://www.archdaily.com/20501/in-
Kieran Long. (March 2005). Tod¶s Building. Retrieved at March 10, 2010 from progress-porta-fira-towers-in-plaza-europa-by-toyo-ito/
http://www.iconeye.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=2647

%$+
ArcSpace.com. (October 31, 2005). Toyo Ito & Associates- Tod¶s Omotesando. 
Retrieved at March 10, 2010 from http://www.arcspace.com/architects/ito/tod/tod.html Design Boom. (October 27st, 2001). Interview with Toyo Ito at the basilica palladiana
in vicenza, Italy. Retrieved at March 13, 2010
Toyo Ito. (2004) TOD¶S Omotesando Building. Retrieved at March 10, 2010 from fromhttp://www.designboom.com/eng/interview/ito.html
http://www.toyo-ito.co.jp/WWW/Project_Descript/2000-/2000-p_13/2000-p_13_en.html

-=*4 *+#5&m0$

Rob Gregory. (September 2009). In the shadow of Gaudi, Toyo Ito's Barcelona hotel
design stirs up controversy. Retrieved at March 13, 2010
fromhttp://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3575/is_1351_226/ai_n35637575/

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