Anand Raj
B.E. Final year (Computing) Int ak e -pt l 007822 08 (Le v e l 3) Asia Pacific Institute of Information Technology Staffordshire University, Panipat-132103, Haryana Email Id –
Abstract: A “smart home” is a residential habitat equipped with computing and information technology which anticipates and responds to the needs of the occupants, working to promote their comfort, convenience, security and entertainment through the management of technology within the home and connections to the world beyond. This paper describes the various security aspects and related ethical issues prevailing in today’s home. Home security system is vital to avoid unnecessary stress and worry. Since securities is a major concern in today’s environment and people need a good and secure do it yourself security system to be able to protect themselves from different threats, so this paper gives an overview of what are the various security objectives & challenges of Smart Homes, ethical issues regarding smart homes and future security prospects of Smart Homes.

Keywords - Ubiquitous Computing, Security, Challenges, Ethics, Futuristic Approach. I. INTRODUCTION

In the ambient computing future, security promises to be the initial design feature that allows omnipresent systems to protect personal information privacy. Today's even smaller computers are increasingly spreading in our environment. Being available ubiquitously in the devices and appliances that we use every day, this embedded computing power will increase their capacities. As the ubiquitous computing is improving the security issue is going down. Smart Home: This technology was developed in 1975, when a company in Scotland developed X10. X10 allows compatible products to talk to each other over the already existing electrical wires of a home. All the appliances and devices are receivers, and the means of controlling the system, such as remote controls or keypads, are transmitters. In a smart house, environmental controls are regulated according to the time of day and whether a particular room is occupied. Music and other entertainment can be easily controlled with the touch of a button. [1] The main goals of smart home are as follows  It enables human to remotely control of the house.  It makes house to have a response for many actions. For example, when the owner enter to the house, it lights the room which the owner in it, (an example of context awareness).  Builds security system to save the house from the inside and outside accidents.  It makes human able to interact with the house by simple interface As discussed earlier the major attribute of this research paper is to throw the light on the security technologies employed in today’s smart homes- the objectives and challenges for deploying security devices, how to overcome those challenges, and the future security aspects of smart homes is discussed in the later section. II. OBJECTIVE There is an instant need of applying security measures in any home as knowing the home is protected provides peace of mind for the people whether they are at home or when they are away from home. Security is important even if there is an outstanding public safety agency (police, fire, highway patrol, etc.) in the area. But still it's important for everyone to do everything possible to make their house secure rather than just relying on the outside help.

etc. v. He can relax and enjoy his time away from home with the peace of mind that comes with being able to watch live or recorded video surveillance footage from his PC. In today’s world there are a number of different technological marvels has been developed which boasts of providing best security for a smart home. Motion Detector Recording – It conserves hard drive space by recording only when something is happening. ii. CURRENT SECURITY MEASURES IN SMART HOMES With the increasing need of security day by day. the house remains secure. So whether it’s a sunny morning or a stormy night. these cameras record viewable footage. the owner can monitor his home in real time even on vacation. Nowadays smart home comes with a range of security devices such as security cameras. The home security system is act for same purpose to guide and economical and a convenient security. Automatic Recycling Storage – This system routinely records over the oldest footage for efficient video storage. Email or Cell Phone Motion Alerts – When a home surveillance system detects motion on a property. a.Taking in consideration the need of security. iv. but a security camera system alerts you as soon as it detects unauthorized motion to prevent break-ins.1 Target Audience: Smart Home concepts are developed for home users who have a fast lifestyle and are always sort of time. Video security cameras will help identify and apprehend guilty parties. This allows the owner to record more on a smaller sized hard drive and eliminates the old-fashioned notion of searching through hours of footage to find a few minutes of action. a lot of research has been done to overcome this need. Advanced Monitoring Camera: In an impulsive world the need for home security camera is absolutely critical for keeping the safety of any family. laptop. which is to be discussed below. [3] Fig 2: A typical home monitoring camera. Some of the function performed by a typical home monitoring camera includes: i. thereby protecting the most vulnerable places on the property. Unlike an alarm. A home security camera system eradicates blind spots by capturing the footage of any unidentified people. Remote Viewing of Security Footage – Using a broadband Internet connection. . or PDA. III. [2] 2. GFCI’s. it sends a message via phone or computer so the owner is constantly aware of the safety of his home. iii. a complete home camera system is almost impossible to disarm. carbon monoxide alarms. it has become very essential to design security systems which should be reliable effective and economical. Alarms sound during or after a break-in. Night Vision Recording – Even in absolute darkness. fire/smoke alarms.

How can users handle with these kinds of problems if they continue to spread to home appliances and control systems? This might require third party services. [5] d. They are also be used with power garden tools and electric tools such as drills and sanders. together with new technology may sounds like a nightmare to those people whole are not accustomed to computers which often leads to worries and prejudice. or gas range or oven can create hazardous carbon monoxide levels. charcoal grill. guest and intruder. garages. [4] Fig 3: A smoke detector c. . gas water heater. [6] IV. However this problem can be eased by using adapters and converters. From a human point of view the concept of smart homes is rather unfamiliar to the average user and this. or the theft could be more electronic. bathrooms. Problems regarding how adding new devices should be worked out depend largely on the infrastructure used.[7] Another obstacle becomes practically apparent when installing networks and devices in older buildings.b. In cases like these it is advantageous to use existing cabling (phone and power lines. Burning any fuel and/or operating a portable generator. The home is also considered a very private and personal environment. Carbon Monoxide Alarm These are safety devices to warn homeowners of potentially hazardous and life-threatening levels of carbon monoxide in their home. however each interface does limited functions and usually some functions remain unavailable. Even wireless networks require power cabling and equipments need their own installation space. Fire detectors let everyone know in a safe and efficient manner that they must evacuate the premises. and ubiquitous electronics and sensors that monitor and make adjustments can be seen as intrusive. basements. For energy savings control of heating. There is also a question of reliability as even today’s technology that is rushed onto the market is largely untested. Smoke Detector Smoke detectors are another type of home security sensor which is very efficient in saving the lives by monitoring the owner’s home for the presence of fire. Another major challenge is to deal with hackers. unfortunately in most apartment buildings it is not possible to sufficiently affect the temperature inside a single apartment or even in a room. GFCIs are used in kitchens. cable ducts etc. possibly a caretaker or support company that assists users providing smart home security services and support. ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) would be a must. When fires occur they can spread very quickly and the people may not have enough time to alert every other person in a home. barely working and usually needs software updates right from the start. CHALLENGES AND HOW TO OVERCOME THEM One of the biggest challenges faced while implementing security aspects in smart homes is the lack of standardized or completely missing communication interfaces in home electronics. then the owner have to make sure that sensitive information. Other challenges worth mentioning include:  Authentication is the major challenge through which we can distinguish between client. such as passwords or identifying numbers. leaving the home vulnerable to a break-in. are saved elsewhere. Ground fault circuit interrupters (GFCIs) The GFCI is a device that limits the risk of severe or fatal electric shock by interrupting the flow of the electric current.) as much as possible. Levels can become life-threatening when an appliance is malfunctioning or improperly vented. Hackers can break-in the network and then they can turn off alarm systems and lights. If music is saved on a hard drive so that it can be played around the house. and outdoors.

even physically hiding or embedding sensors will not help if the users know that they are being monitored in some way. or specific virtues. usually in terms of rights. unknowns Smart homes will be incrementally deployed and their configuration will be moderately dynamic V. CONCLUSION This research work was a unique study which concentrated on finding out the security aspects in today’s smart homes. Future VII. The issue around privacy is a difficult one to tackle. friend. 6. It would seem that the most desirable functions of smart home securities are indeed various user interfaces that allow more flexible control of the home. visitor. The security technologies should also contain learning and adaptive functions. fairness. it's a good idea to discuss it with the whole family first. Current vs. FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS The future of home security certainly looks very interesting. The BioLIDAR can also monitor a person’s respiration and track movements in the face. Department of Homeland Security. benefits to society. of the advancements we can see in the future is Security Checkpoints. The system detects slight alterations in pupil sizes.   Security issues are not limited privacy or confidentiality. Then the researcher also throws light in the future security technologies to come and their effect on human life.S. obligations. Some of the appealing features are such as integrated solution using open architecture and standards. These new checkpoints can detect if any person have plans to set off a bomb before he even enters the building. they include physical safety Access control must be flexible enough to accommodate different roles including owner. various security devices and their advantages. It's great to be able to check what’s going on in your house anytime you want but is it not invading the privacy of a family member who is being monitored? Thus when setting up a smart home. Smart home appliances also raise the big ethical questions about privacy. also the ethical and privacy issues are also discussed in this research paper. maintenance/support. which would gradually allow users to leave some functions to the Home Controller. neck. . [8] Given below is the table which distinguishes between the current and futuristic trends in smart home security systems. family. VI. Another issue related to the ethics and privacy of the users is that if a home surveillance system captures the videos and images of a home and sends it on the internet so that the owner can check it online. Current Future Affordable by high-end homes Standard features in every home Vendor dependent Open Standards Very expensive maintenance Zero maintenance Not flexible and adaptable to new lifestyle Modular and expandable Proprietary and standalone Integrated TABLE I: Smart Homes.1 How does it work? These security checkpoints (also called Future Attribute Screening Technology) are being developed by the U. ETHICAL AND PRIVACY ISSUES Ethics refers to well-founded standards of right and wrong that prescribe what humans ought to do. However as long as there are no compatible devices on the market it seems that there is a long way to go before smart homes security really become commonplace. Then this data can be hacked by any intruder which results in the exploitation of the privacy of that user. etc. Futuristic security checkpoints are idea of the new checkpoints that will allow high traffic to pass through just as anyone is walking at a normal pace. blink rate and even direction of gaze by the use of extremely advanced cameras. A laser radar called BioLIDAR measures heart rate and changes between heartbeats. No more. what can be the challenges that the user would face. and cheeks. waving a wand to get through checkpoints.

I would like to give special thank to our module lecturer . Finally we would like to acknowledge all those people who supported us in completing our Firstly. I am very much pleased to say that I have got a chance to write a research paper on security and ethics in smart homes.pdf. [5] http://www.aspx [6] [7] http://tlc. [3] _It.howstuffworks. Ankur Singla who gave us such a good assignment from which I gained the practical knowledge of how to write an IEEE standard research paper. Ankur Singla sir for guiding me throughout the assignment by taking the pain to nurture my skills and helped me whenever I was helpless. [2] http://www. I am very much grateful to Mr. I would also like to thank our director sir for providing us fantastic platform for completing the assignment.howstuffworks.htm/ REFERENCES [1] http://tlc. [4] http://www. We would also like to thank our truest and closest friends for their constant support and goodwill.html.ACKNOWLEDGEMENT Every assignment consists of a lot of hard work from the students and support from the teachers.htm/printable [8]