This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Development of Collegiate Sports
On a December morning I awoke to gaze outside my foggy window only to see that a large wild northeaster storm was hitting my hometown. I sat down on my comfortable coach to watch some Saturday College Game day NCAA Football. Many viewers watch these collegiate level games for a variety of reasons, I always enjoyed tuning in to watch for the statistics and records that always fascinated me. When those same NCAA players entered the NFL Draft they would be fully evaluated by Mel Kiper Jr. and Todd McShay, two very intelligent ESPN college football analysts. Both always discuss and argue on topics such as recruitment, development, and player potential, and mock drafts in which they predict who the player will be drafted by. I would never understand as a young teen why ³the integrity and knowledge is more important than any raw skill or size in the game of football´; I never believed it was true. I began to understand that a smart player could always be effective on the field. This was better than the ³fastest´ receiver who would be tagged as a ³bust´ due to various issues on and off the field. I had many questions about the NCAA that I felt I needed to answer for myself. In 2010, one of the most successful and famous college football players was stripped of his Heisman Trophy Award. The New Orleans Saints starting running back and punt returner was stripped of his 2005 Heisman Trophy, due to serious violations of a
This report stated that Bush received an estimated $290.2 strict NCAA rule.000 in gifts from local sports marketers while he attended the University of Southern California. The University of Southern California was also stripped of the Grantland Rice Award because several members of the USC Trojans knew of the illegal payments to Bush and his family. This concept essay will include the strict laws and rules used in the NCAA. The NCAA¶s primary task is to keep academic standards for their student-athletes (Weissberg 40).200 institutions. the NCAA encourages mental and physical development through forms of strict NCAA rules to form balanced student athletes for future professional careers. 2) use strict laws and rules that attempt to stop illegal recruitment and illegal payments to . The NCAA also stripped a remarkable 30 scholarships from their next 3 academic years. and also the Conferences and Divisions that make up the competition in the historic Collegiate Association. the history and formation of the NCAA. Today in Collegiate Sports. The NCAA scandal shows the terrible fallout for a student athlete such as USC¶s Reggie Bush that chooses to cheat the system that the NCAA organization now enforces (Hopwood 1). organizations and individual teams (Barr 150). ³The NCAA is a voluntary organization formed for the purpose of providing common rules and organizing athletic contest among its members´ (Maxcy 19). The NCAA stripped the USC program of all wins from the 2005 season. The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA 1. organization and administration of the NCAA. conferences. Bush did not pay these sports marketers back resulting in a public lawsuit that also carried NCAA penalties. The NCAA is an association with more than 1. The NCAA is the key organization of the development of collegiate athletes across the United States of America.
volleyball. Some of the famous scandals across the America such as USC¶s Reggie Bush. Colleges and Universities feel that the collegiate players are paid through education scholarships rather than athletic contracts. The famous Carnegie Reports of 1929helped the NCAA to portraymany of the common academic abuses. financially. ³The basic idea behind most of the NCAA¶s recruiting regulations are simple. (Lapchick 61. Illegal recruitment payments and even early commercialization was found to be promoted by agents for future and current student-athletes(11).3 student athletes across America. all colleges should try to be on equal footing as possible when approaching potential high school student-athletes´ (54). These recruitment violations usually result in permanent ineligibility from the NCAA. Football and basketball programs are the ³cash-cows´ that make the majority of the income for many college athletic programs but other sports (ex: swimming.5 billion is given out yearly fromDivision I and II schools for such athletic scholarships. The NCAAallows institutions to appeal decisions but they do not allow players to appeal individually (17). Institutions such as colleges and universities make their money for the program from the sale of sports apparel and team merchandise. settlements or firings depending on the situation (Lapchick 35). ³The NCAA has set rigid academic requirements for students so that they may profit from the learning atmosphere colleges and universities have to offer´ (40). Many argue that players do not get paid properly through these scholarships and additional perks. Morethan $1.) can actually pull schools down into the ³red´. 69). referred to commonly as the ³death penalty´ (Weissberg 18). college athletics are heavily advertised due to the fact that they show the success of the their programs. But many . Some of these violations may include bad circumstances and manipulation that come from bad mentor advice. result in suspensions. etc.
housing. transportation.4 understand that a valuable college degree is better than salary in college sports. at the New YorkUniversity. The first NCAA convention was held in 1906 (Maxcy 13). The issue is that some institutions and their professors do not always treat student athletes as ³Serious Students´ (42). This was needed to regulate the dangerous sports that resulted in injuries and numerous deaths particularly seen in football. food«plus clothes. 21). In . The NCAA¶s primary task is to keep academic standards fair and to always keep the students first and athletes second (20. Proposition 48 called for college freshman to score a certain threshold in the SATs and have a certain grade so that institutions could make a fair assessment on all future students applying (9). the athlete could possibly lose an athletic scholarship and eligibility through poor guidance (101). The history of the NCAA was very important because the organization needed to be structured fair and equal. MacCracken held a large meeting where 62 representatives met to discuss the formation of the Intercollegiate Athletic Association of United States or ³IAAUS´ (. On December 1905. ³Studentathletes poverty in comparison to their market value as college players and potential earnings power as pros make corruption inevitable. Institutions acknowledge that it does not matter how talented the student athlete is because without the guidance of a good coach or mentor. A sensible first step is to lift student athletes out of poverty by giving them realistic scholarships based on the entire cost of keeping a student in school: tuition. The formation of the NCAA started in 1905 when Theodore Roosevelt urged the collegiate community to form an association that would instill new safe regulations. social activities and spending money´ (115). Henry M. stated in Markus Cueva¶s article ³Should College Athletics Be Paid?´ (Cueva 1).
They cover national policies. The NCAA is the key organization of the development of collegiate athletes across the United States of America. the NCAA held its first Football National Championship. There are 80 national championships (est. The NCAA records and maintains stats in football. decisions. In 1921. Later Maxcy continues by saying. In 1997 the NCAA gave the CEO full power of Division 1 decisions and rules . This would become an event that is currently common for all NCAA athletic teams and sports. Maxcy in the book. Over time more rules and championships were added through the NCAA committee to make the organization fairer and safer (NCAA 1). and legislative services (Barr 151). communications. compliance. publishing.³Intercollegiate athletics is a substantial enterprise. enforcement education. The NCAA is organized generally through legislative and administrative rules that frame authority for collegiate sports and athletics. The national office is split into many departments such as administration. publishing.´ stated by Joel G. This is why the organization of the Association is very important in the current and past administration.5 1910. The NCAA national office is now located in Indianapolis. Indiana. Economics of College Sport. Every division holds a championship for all sports. basketball and more for records for the College Hall of Fame (National Collegiate Athletic Association 1-2). The NCAA employs over 350.) in over 20 sports. ³The NCAA is a voluntary organization formed for the sole purpose of providing common rules and organizing athletic contests among its members´ (Maxcy 19). They supervise regional and national athletics. and legislation to the committee and institution. visitor services. baseball. the IAAUS decided to officially re-name the group the ³NCAA´ in short for the National Collegiate Athletic Association. business championships. special projects.
This was a great opportunity for all institution needsto be satisfied (Maxcy 31). The NCAA could now address the desires of schools in accordance to their corresponding sizes (Barr 150).6 (Maxcy 12). It was then that an official federal law prohibited sex discrimination in any way. not a single institution. The NCAA conferences and divisions are unique due to the fact that all teams are divided into different size conferences in Divisions that reflect the skill level. but only releases statistics by conference. The NCAA offered an equal chance for women to receive TV coverage nationally (Barr 149). The NCAA settled on a structure that would allow the largerinstitutions to invest in their program and would also ensure smaller institutions could stay afloat. The NCAA requires 6 or more . Division II is made up of 282 institutions and Division III contains over 419 collegiate schools. Each division has actually gained flexibility for their athletic programs through the separate division. activity or program across the NCAA community (Barr 159). In 1973 the NCAA agreed to divide into 3 separate Divisions. in a form of a game. but the lower athletic programs on average are more financially stable (Osbourne 104). Division I has over 326 institutions. The NCAA keeps track of all member institutions. Division 1-A programs end up making the highest profit out of all divisions in the NCAA. Title IX was passed in 1972. In 1966 the Commission of Intercollegiate Athletics for Women (CIAW) was created to offer an organized Commission for Women¶s Athletics. But in 1981 the NCAA took control of the CIAW by convincing female student-athletes that they could benefit by joining the NCAA. This facilitated competition particularly in the Division 1 championship event organization. Division III would be created for schools choosing a very low level of investment for their athletic department and the opposite for higher divisions (Maxcy 16).
The Conference¶s top to bottom include. when conferences were introduced (Maxcy 13). and also the Conferences and . for example ABC television had the rights to cover the conference with full viewer control. The NCAA commonly sold exclusively to ABC only up to 1981 then changed to sell to a wide range of providers to spread revenue (Maxcy 33). Conferences often share television revenueof football bowl games.7 institutions combined to become a member of aNCAA conference. The NCAA is the key organization of the development of collegiate athletes across the United States of America. Colonial Conference. the NCAA encourages mental and physical development through forms of strict NCAA rules to form balanced student athletes for future professional careers. Teams that are a part of successful conferences gain increased public media exposure. budget and other recruitment laws in the NCAA (Barr 154). and more (Barr 155). division games. Big East. SEC (Southern East Conference). Revenues have grown substantially ever since the early 1980¶s. All sports are meant to amuse and entertain the fans through athletic event. Big Ten. Most NCAA teams have grouped into conferences today (Maxcy 33). or game. ACC (Athletic Coast Conference). activity. Mountain West. organization and administration of the NCAA. This allows different teams to be a part of organized votes on issues that involve rules. Today in Collegiate Sports. Conference USA and many more (Decoury 3. Atlantic 10. It also focused on the history and beginning of the NCAA. PAC-10. revenue share. Conferences were created to divide up a possible monopoly of NCAA rights.4). This concept essay hopefully has outlined and demonstrated some of the strict laws and rules within the NCAA. Big 12. Sports within the NCAA include physical contests driven by standardized goals and challenges.
.8 Divisions that make up the competition in the historic Collegiate Association. Sports are a part of every culture past and present and will continue into the foreseen future (Sport).