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Thailand International

Mathematical Olympiad
Practice Paper I

Primary 3
Time allowed: 90 minutes

Instructions to Contestants:

1. Each contestant should have ONE Question-Answer Book which CANNOT be taken
away.
2. There are 5 exam areas and 5 questions in each exam area. There are a total of 25
questions in this Question-Answer Book. Each carries 4 marks. Total score is 100 marks.
No points are deducted for incorrect answers.
3. All answers should be written on ANSWER SHEET.
4. NO calculators can be used during the contest.
5. All figures in the paper are not necessarily drawn to scale.
6. This Question-Answer Book will be collected at the end of the contest.

THIS Question-Answer Book CANNOT BE TAKEN AWAY.


DO NOT turn over this Question-Answer Book without approval of the examiner.
Otherwise, contestant may be DISQUALIFIED.
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Table of Contents

Message from Executive Director ………………………….………………………………P3

Contest Structure……………………...……………….……..……...…………………..…..P4

Contest Paper Structure……………………………….……..……………...…………..…..P5

Contest Paper with detailed solution.………………….……..………..…………...…..…..P9

Answer Key…………………………… ………………….……..……………………..…..P14

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Message from Director


Dear all students, parents, teachers & partners all over the world

Thank you for your interest on Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad. In 2017,
we have thousands of participants to join the heat round. This is a fantastic result for all of us
to be interested in TIMO for the first year. For those contestants who get Bronze prize or
above are qualified to enter TIMO Final.

To motivate students’ learning and to help them to develop own learning strategy for the
future, every candidate will have his / her own evaluation report that their results in various
topics in mathematics such as Logical Thinking, Arithmetic / Algebra, Number Theory and
Combinatorics will be shown. The report will also state statistics such as the mean, median,
upper quartile & lower quartile in that contest, so that every candidate knows how they
performed in TIMO at that Grade.

We welcome you to participate in the endless opportunities in TIMO Final, joining


Mathematics talented children who have been drawn from all over the world to be taught,
performed, created, and studied in a place where everyone belongs.

I wish Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad a success!


I look forward to meeting everybody in TIMO!

All best,

Andy Lam
Director, Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Contest Structure
Score per
No.of Questions
question
Topics
Heat Final Heat Final
Round Round Round Round

Logical Thinking 4 5 5 6

Arithmetic
(Kindergarten &
Primary Section)
4 5 5 6
/
Algebra
(Secondary Section)

Number Theory 4 5 5 6

Geometry 4 5 5 6

Combinatorics 4 5 5 6

Total Score 100 150


Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Open-Ended Questions (1st ~25th) (4 points for correct answer, no penalty point for wrong answer)

Logical Thinking

1. There are 27 transparent boxes, as shown in figure 1. Each layer contains 9 boxes as figure 2 shows.
Some black marbles are inserted into the boxes and view from different directions, the images are shown
in the diagram below. Find the maximum number of black marbles inserted in these 27 boxes.

Top view Front view From the right


Figure 1 Figure 2

Question 1

2. According to the pattern shown below, counting from the left how many circles are there from the 1st to
the 100th one?

○ ○ △ □ ○ ○ ○ △ □ ○ ○ ○ △ □ ○ ○…
3. What is the value of the number to represent “?” in the following table?
2 4 10

3 6 20

4 8 34

5 10 ?

4. Now Peter uses 4 straight lines to cut a rectangle into parts. How many parts can at most he get?

5. According to the pattern shown below, how many triangles are there in the fourth group?

1st Group 2nd Group 3rd Group


Question 5

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Arithmetic

6. Find the value of 311  576  211  126  50 .

7. Find the value of 111 1111 .

8. Find the value of 7  14  21  28  35  ...  133  140 .

9. Find the value of 360  2  360  3  360  5 .

10. Find the value of 2015  76  1015  76 .

Number Theory

11. Hermione has 37 oranges and Harry has 13 oranges. How many apples does Hermione have to give
Harry to make the number of oranges that Harry has is 4 times of Hermione?

12. How many three-digit odd numbers are there?

13. According to the following pattern, find the value of the next term.
2、7、22、67、202、607、1822、___

14. The sum of A and B is 100. A is 3 times of B. Find the value of A.

15. What is the smallest 3-digit number that can be divisible by 2 and 3?

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Geometry

16. How many squares are there in the figure below?

Question 16

17. How many cubes are there in the figure below?

Question 17

18. How many triangles are there in the figure below?

Question 18

19. There are 5 points in the figure below, how many straight lines are needed to link all the points with each
other together?
B

A
 C

 
D E
Question 19

20. How many rectangles are there in the figure below?

Question 20
Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Combinatorics

21. Amy has 6 shirts and 5 skirts. How many ways can Amy wear one shirt and one skirt?

22. Choose 3 numbers, without repetition, from 1, 2, 7, 9 to form a three-digit number. How many even
numbers are there?

23. Counting from 0 to 199, how many numbers are there that have exactly one digit “1” and one digit “7”?

24. There is a balance and a set of weights, if this set is possible to measure all integral weights from 1kg to
13 kg, find the minimum number of the weights.

25. How many 2-digit numbers are there that no digits are repeated?

~ End of Paper ~

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Solutions
Logical Thinking

1. There are 27 transparent boxes, as shown in figure 1. Each layer contains 9 boxes as figure 2 shows.
Some black marbles are inserted into the boxes and view from different directions, the images are shown
in the diagram below. Find the maximum number of black marbles inserted in these 27 boxes.

Top view Front view From the right


Figure 1 Figure 2

Question 1

Answer: 7
We breakdown the 27 boxes into 3 layers with 9 boxes in each layer. From the top view, we know
than 4 columns have no marbles. From the front view and right view, we can further find out the
rows without marbles, finally the boxes should have marbles are shown in the figure below.
There are at most 7 marbles in the boxes.

2. According to the pattern shown below, counting from the left how many circles are there from the 1st to
the 100th one?

○ ○ △ □ ○ ○ ○ △ □ ○ ○ ○ △ □ ○ ○…
Answer: 60
The figures follow a pattern of repeating groups ○ ○ □ △ ○…. The first 100 figures contain 20
groups where there are 3 circles in each group. So the answer is 3  20  60 .

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

3. What is the value of the number to represent “?” in the following table?
2 4 10

3 6 20

4 8 34

5 10 ?

Answer: 52
The value in the right column equals to the sum of 2 and the product of two numbers in the left.

4. Now Peter uses 4 straight lines to cut a rectangle into parts. How many parts can at most he get?

Answer: 11
The method to cut a rectangle as many parts as possible is shown in the figure below.

5. According to the pattern shown below, how many triangles are there in the fourth group?

1st Group 2nd Group 3rd Group


Question 5

Answer: 16
The number of triangles follows a pattern: 1  1  1 , 2  2  4 , 3  3  9 , the next one should be
4  4  16 .

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Arithmetic
算術

6. Find the value of 311  576  211  126  50 .

Answer: 600
311  576  211  126  50   311  211  576  126   50
 100  450  50
 600

7. Find the value of 111 1111 .

Answer: 123,321
1111111  111100  11110  1111  123321

8. Find the value of 7  14  21  28  35  ...  133  140 .

Answer: 1470
7  14  21  28  35  ...  133  140  7  (1  2  3  ...  20)
 7  210
 1470

9. Find the value of 360  2  360  3  360  5 .

Answer: 372
360  2  360  3  360  5  180  120  72
 372

10. Find the value of 2015  76  1015  76 .

Answer: 76,000
2015  76  1015  76  (2015  1015)  76
 1000  76
 76000

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Number Theory

11. Hermione has 37 oranges and Harry has 13 oranges. How many apples does Hermione have to give
Harry to make the number of oranges that Harry has is 4 times of Hermione?

Answer: 27
Given that they have total 37  13  50 oranges. To make the number of oranges Harry has is 4
4
times of Hermione, Harry should have 50   40 oranges, which lead to Hermione should
(1  4)
give Harry 40  13  27 oranges.

12. How many three-digit odd numbers are there?

Answer: 450
Count from 100 to 999, there are 900 3-digit numbers, dividing 900 by 2, there are 450 3-digit odd
numbers.

13. According to the following pattern, find the value of the next term.
2、7、22、67、202、607、1822、___

Answer: 5467
2  3 1  7
7  3  1  22
22  3  1  67
67  3  1  202
202  3  1  607
607  3  1  1822
1822  3  1  5467

14. The sum of A and B is 100. A is 3 times of B. Find the value of A.

Answer: 75
3
A  100   75
(3  1)

15. What is the smallest 3-digit number that can be divisible by 2 and 3?

Answer: 102
A number that can be divisible by 2 and 3 should also divisible by 6.
The smallest 3-digit multiple of 6 is 102.

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Geometry

16. How many squares are there in the figure below?

Question 16

Answer: 17
There are 12 small squares and 5 big squares, 17 squares in total.

17. How many cubes are there in the figure below?

Question 17

Answer: 30
1  4  9  16  30

18. How many triangles are there in the figure below?

Question 18

Answer: 27
There are 16 triangles with side length 1, 7 triangles with side length 2, 3 triangles with side length 3
and 1 triangle with side length 4, 27 triangles in total.

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

19. There are 5 points in the figure below, how many straight lines are needed to link all the points with each
other together?
B

A
 C

 
D E
Question 19

Answer: 10
The 10 straight lines are AB, AC, AD, AE, BC, BD, BE, CD, CE and DE.

20. How many rectangles are there in the figure below?

Question 20

Answer: 18
(1  2  3)  (1  2)  18

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Combinatorics

21. Amy has 6 shirts and 5 skirts. How many ways can Amy wear one shirt and one skirt?

Answer: 30
6  5  30

22. Choose 3 numbers, without repetition, from 1, 2, 7, 9 to form a three-digit number. How many even
numbers are there?

Answer: 6
The possible values are 172, 192, 712, 792, 912 and 972.

23. Counting from 0 to 199, how many numbers are there that have exactly one digit “1” and one digit “7”?

Answer: 18
There are only two possible values from 1 to 99: 17, 71.
There are 16 possible values from 100 to 199:
107, 127, 137, 147, 157, 167, 170, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 178, 179, 187 and 197.

24. There are a balance and a set of weights, if this set is possible to measure all integral weights from 1kg to
13 kg, find the minimum number of the weights.

Answer: 3
By using weights of 1kg, 3kg, and 9kg, all integral weights from 1 to 13 can be measured, the
methods are shown in the table below.
Weight Left Right Weight Left Right

1 - 1 8 1, 9

2 1 3 9 - 9

3 - 3 10 - 1, 9

4 - 1, 3 11 1 3, 9

5 1, 3 9 12 - 3, 9

6 3 9 13 - 1, 3, 9

7 3 1, 9

25. How many 2-digit numbers are there that no digits are repeated?

Answer: 81
There are 90 2-digits numbers, and 9 of them are using repeated digits, so the answer is 90  9  81 .

~ End of Paper ~

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.
Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Thailand International Mathematical


Olympiad Practice Paper I
Primary 3
Answer Key
Logical Thinking Number Theory Combinatorics
1) 11) 21)
4 7 4 4 27 4 4 30 4

2) 12) 22)
4 60 4 4 450 4 4 6 4

3) 13) 23)
4 52 4 4 5467 4 4 18 4

4) 14) 24)
4 11 4 4 75 4 4 3 4

5) 15) 25)
4 16 4 4 102 4 4 81 4

Arithmetic / Algebra Geometry


6) 16)
4 600 4 4 17 4

7) 17)
4 123,321 4 4 30 4

8) 18)
4 1470 4 4 27 4

9) 19)
4 372 4 4 10 4

10) 20)
4 76,000 4 4 18 4

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,
decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.