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Mathematical Olympiad

Practice Paper I

Primary 3

Time allowed: 90 minutes

Instructions to Contestants:

1. Each contestant should have ONE Question-Answer Book which CANNOT be taken

away.

2. There are 5 exam areas and 5 questions in each exam area. There are a total of 25

questions in this Question-Answer Book. Each carries 4 marks. Total score is 100 marks.

No points are deducted for incorrect answers.

3. All answers should be written on ANSWER SHEET.

4. NO calculators can be used during the contest.

5. All figures in the paper are not necessarily drawn to scale.

6. This Question-Answer Book will be collected at the end of the contest.

DO NOT turn over this Question-Answer Book without approval of the examiner.

Otherwise, contestant may be DISQUALIFIED.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Table of Contents

Contest Structure……………………...……………….……..……...…………………..…..P4

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,

decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Dear all students, parents, teachers & partners all over the world

Thank you for your interest on Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad. In 2017,

we have thousands of participants to join the heat round. This is a fantastic result for all of us

to be interested in TIMO for the first year. For those contestants who get Bronze prize or

above are qualified to enter TIMO Final.

To motivate students’ learning and to help them to develop own learning strategy for the

future, every candidate will have his / her own evaluation report that their results in various

topics in mathematics such as Logical Thinking, Arithmetic / Algebra, Number Theory and

Combinatorics will be shown. The report will also state statistics such as the mean, median,

upper quartile & lower quartile in that contest, so that every candidate knows how they

performed in TIMO at that Grade.

Mathematics talented children who have been drawn from all over the world to be taught,

performed, created, and studied in a place where everyone belongs.

I look forward to meeting everybody in TIMO!

All best,

Andy Lam

Director, Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,

decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Contest Structure

Score per

No.of Questions

question

Topics

Heat Final Heat Final

Round Round Round Round

Logical Thinking 4 5 5 6

Arithmetic

(Kindergarten &

Primary Section)

4 5 5 6

/

Algebra

(Secondary Section)

Number Theory 4 5 5 6

Geometry 4 5 5 6

Combinatorics 4 5 5 6

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,

decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Open-Ended Questions (1st ~25th) (4 points for correct answer, no penalty point for wrong answer)

Logical Thinking

1. There are 27 transparent boxes, as shown in figure 1. Each layer contains 9 boxes as figure 2 shows.

Some black marbles are inserted into the boxes and view from different directions, the images are shown

in the diagram below. Find the maximum number of black marbles inserted in these 27 boxes.

Figure 1 Figure 2

Question 1

2. According to the pattern shown below, counting from the left how many circles are there from the 1st to

the 100th one?

○ ○ △ □ ○ ○ ○ △ □ ○ ○ ○ △ □ ○ ○…

3. What is the value of the number to represent “?” in the following table?

2 4 10

3 6 20

4 8 34

5 10 ？

4. Now Peter uses 4 straight lines to cut a rectangle into parts. How many parts can at most he get?

5. According to the pattern shown below, how many triangles are there in the fourth group?

Question 5

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,

decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Arithmetic

Number Theory

11. Hermione has 37 oranges and Harry has 13 oranges. How many apples does Hermione have to give

Harry to make the number of oranges that Harry has is 4 times of Hermione?

13. According to the following pattern, find the value of the next term.

2、7、22、67、202、607、1822、___

15. What is the smallest 3-digit number that can be divisible by 2 and 3?

decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Geometry

Question 16

Question 17

Question 18

19. There are 5 points in the figure below, how many straight lines are needed to link all the points with each

other together?

B

A

C

D E

Question 19

Question 20

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,

decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Combinatorics

21. Amy has 6 shirts and 5 skirts. How many ways can Amy wear one shirt and one skirt?

22. Choose 3 numbers, without repetition, from 1, 2, 7, 9 to form a three-digit number. How many even

numbers are there?

23. Counting from 0 to 199, how many numbers are there that have exactly one digit “1” and one digit “7”?

24. There is a balance and a set of weights, if this set is possible to measure all integral weights from 1kg to

13 kg, find the minimum number of the weights.

25. How many 2-digit numbers are there that no digits are repeated?

~ End of Paper ~

decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Solutions

Logical Thinking

1. There are 27 transparent boxes, as shown in figure 1. Each layer contains 9 boxes as figure 2 shows.

Some black marbles are inserted into the boxes and view from different directions, the images are shown

in the diagram below. Find the maximum number of black marbles inserted in these 27 boxes.

Figure 1 Figure 2

Question 1

Answer: 7

We breakdown the 27 boxes into 3 layers with 9 boxes in each layer. From the top view, we know

than 4 columns have no marbles. From the front view and right view, we can further find out the

rows without marbles, finally the boxes should have marbles are shown in the figure below.

There are at most 7 marbles in the boxes.

2. According to the pattern shown below, counting from the left how many circles are there from the 1st to

the 100th one?

○ ○ △ □ ○ ○ ○ △ □ ○ ○ ○ △ □ ○ ○…

Answer: 60

The figures follow a pattern of repeating groups ○ ○ □ △ ○…. The first 100 figures contain 20

groups where there are 3 circles in each group. So the answer is 3 20 60 .

decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

3. What is the value of the number to represent “?” in the following table?

2 4 10

3 6 20

4 8 34

5 10 ？

Answer: 52

The value in the right column equals to the sum of 2 and the product of two numbers in the left.

4. Now Peter uses 4 straight lines to cut a rectangle into parts. How many parts can at most he get?

Answer: 11

The method to cut a rectangle as many parts as possible is shown in the figure below.

5. According to the pattern shown below, how many triangles are there in the fourth group?

Question 5

Answer: 16

The number of triangles follows a pattern: 1 1 1 , 2 2 4 , 3 3 9 , the next one should be

4 4 16 .

decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Arithmetic

算術

Answer: 600

311 576 211 126 50 311 211 576 126 50

100 450 50

600

Answer: 123,321

1111111 111100 11110 1111 123321

Answer: 1470

7 14 21 28 35 ... 133 140 7 (1 2 3 ... 20)

7 210

1470

Answer: 372

360 2 360 3 360 5 180 120 72

372

Answer: 76,000

2015 76 1015 76 (2015 1015) 76

1000 76

76000

decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Number Theory

11. Hermione has 37 oranges and Harry has 13 oranges. How many apples does Hermione have to give

Harry to make the number of oranges that Harry has is 4 times of Hermione?

Answer: 27

Given that they have total 37 13 50 oranges. To make the number of oranges Harry has is 4

4

times of Hermione, Harry should have 50 40 oranges, which lead to Hermione should

(1 4)

give Harry 40 13 27 oranges.

Answer: 450

Count from 100 to 999, there are 900 3-digit numbers, dividing 900 by 2, there are 450 3-digit odd

numbers.

13. According to the following pattern, find the value of the next term.

2、7、22、67、202、607、1822、___

Answer: 5467

2 3 1 7

7 3 1 22

22 3 1 67

67 3 1 202

202 3 1 607

607 3 1 1822

1822 3 1 5467

Answer: 75

3

A 100 75

(3 1)

15. What is the smallest 3-digit number that can be divisible by 2 and 3?

Answer: 102

A number that can be divisible by 2 and 3 should also divisible by 6.

The smallest 3-digit multiple of 6 is 102.

decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Geometry

Question 16

Answer: 17

There are 12 small squares and 5 big squares, 17 squares in total.

Question 17

Answer: 30

1 4 9 16 30

Question 18

Answer: 27

There are 16 triangles with side length 1, 7 triangles with side length 2, 3 triangles with side length 3

and 1 triangle with side length 4, 27 triangles in total.

decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

19. There are 5 points in the figure below, how many straight lines are needed to link all the points with each

other together?

B

A

C

D E

Question 19

Answer: 10

The 10 straight lines are AB, AC, AD, AE, BC, BD, BE, CD, CE and DE.

Question 20

Answer: 18

(1 2 3) (1 2) 18

decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Combinatorics

21. Amy has 6 shirts and 5 skirts. How many ways can Amy wear one shirt and one skirt?

Answer: 30

6 5 30

22. Choose 3 numbers, without repetition, from 1, 2, 7, 9 to form a three-digit number. How many even

numbers are there?

Answer: 6

The possible values are 172, 192, 712, 792, 912 and 972.

23. Counting from 0 to 199, how many numbers are there that have exactly one digit “1” and one digit “7”?

Answer: 18

There are only two possible values from 1 to 99: 17, 71.

There are 16 possible values from 100 to 199:

107, 127, 137, 147, 157, 167, 170, 172, 173, 174, 175, 176, 178, 179, 187 and 197.

24. There are a balance and a set of weights, if this set is possible to measure all integral weights from 1kg to

13 kg, find the minimum number of the weights.

Answer: 3

By using weights of 1kg, 3kg, and 9kg, all integral weights from 1 to 13 can be measured, the

methods are shown in the table below.

Weight Left Right Weight Left Right

1 - 1 8 1, 9

2 1 3 9 - 9

3 - 3 10 - 1, 9

4 - 1, 3 11 1 3, 9

5 1, 3 9 12 - 3, 9

6 3 9 13 - 1, 3, 9

7 3 1, 9

25. How many 2-digit numbers are there that no digits are repeated?

Answer: 81

There are 90 2-digits numbers, and 9 of them are using repeated digits, so the answer is 90 9 81 .

~ End of Paper ~

decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

Thailand International Mathematical Olympiad Practice Paper I Primary 3

Olympiad Practice Paper I

Primary 3

Answer Key

Logical Thinking Number Theory Combinatorics

1) 11) 21)

4 7 4 4 27 4 4 30 4

2) 12) 22)

4 60 4 4 450 4 4 6 4

3) 13) 23)

4 52 4 4 5467 4 4 18 4

4) 14) 24)

4 11 4 4 75 4 4 3 4

5) 15) 25)

4 16 4 4 102 4 4 81 4

6) 16)

4 600 4 4 17 4

7) 17)

4 123,321 4 4 30 4

8) 18)

4 1470 4 4 27 4

9) 19)

4 372 4 4 10 4

10) 20)

4 76,000 4 4 18 4

Write down the answer in the simplest form. If the calculation result is a fraction, please write down the answer as a proper or mixed fraction,

decimal figure is also accepted. Marks will NOT be given for incorrect unit.

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