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OUMH1103 LEARNING SKILLS FOR OPEN AND DISTANCE LEARNERS PLAGIARISM-WHY ADULT LEARNERS RESORT TO PLAGIARISM AND SUGGEST LOGICAL AND PRACTICAL SOLUTIONSTO ELIMINATE THIS PROBLEM.
Name Matric number NRIC Telephone number E-mail address
: : : : :
ROZAINI BT MOHAMAD NOR 80418035270001 680418-03-5270 012 909 3792 firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com. firstname.lastname@example.org
MOHD RUZMAN B. MAT ALI PPW Pahang
Jan 2009 Semester
.......... 9 Verbatim (word by word copies) 9 Cut and paste 9 Recycle Paper 9 3 ...........................................................................................Table of Contents Table of Contents.............................. 9 How it Happen..........................................................................................4 Section 1: Plagiarism: reasons and solutions....3 Introduction............................................................................7 To get a Better grade 8 Time Management 8 Lack of litigation Knowledge 9 Even Thought University or tutors always remind the prohabit of plagiarism...............................6 Student 6 Undergraduate Student 6 Distance learner Student 6 Part-Time Student 7 Why It Happen.........................................................................................................6 Who’s Resort in Plagiarism............................................. these situations will not cut out the number of plagiarism................
.......................................................... (William........ 2002) said most of the academic work done by undergraduate students at university will be based on the words............................. the original sources of contribution might consist mainly of selecting....................2002)In Other words plagiarism means taking and using some other person’s thoughts.........................12 Section 2: Information Evaluation 13 Authority .. writings................. Then................... (Carroll.How to eliminate practice of Plagiarism.............................. summarizing and interpreting what others have said...... inventions..................................................... it is important to learn how 4 ..... This is a kind of vandalism or intellectual theft.......................... information and ideas of other writers...........10 Conclusion................. 13 Accuracy and Reliability 14 Objectivity 15 Original Data cite in articles 17 Bar chart Using Microsoft Excel 18 Conclusion 18 Reference... ordering.....20 PLAGIARISM Introduction Plagiarism derive from Latin word “Plagiarius” meaning ‘kidnapper’ or ‘abductor’..... Plagiarism commonly happened seriously in academic institution where the submission of work with the integrities take accoutered for credit............... So.... literary or artistic work and present as your own...........
to reference properly that is. and typically includes text.” (MacDonald-Ross. Landon statement in Educator’s Voice (2004) the problem fall in two parts. artistic or musical work.e. 5 . Then your own contribution can be clearly identified and appreciated. Work means any intellectual output. section 1. sound or performance. I will present data The most reasons cited by students (with corresponding perceptions by staff) show in article by Mike Hart and Tim Friesner in articles “ Plagiarism and Poor Academic Practice – A Threat to the Extension of e-Learning in Higher Education?” in form of bar chart. In this assignment I divide to three section i. and in Section 3. University of Lead gives a new definition as “Plagiarism is defined as presenting someone else’s work as your own. data. images. how to specify clearly and precisely what your debts are and how to acknowledge them. I will explain on Information Evaluation Criteria base on journal wrote by Christina C Jocoy and David diBiase “Plagiarism by Adult Learners Online: A case study in detection and remediation”. Copyright Act is legal aspect will controlling the plagiarism. as well as how to handle it…”. 2005) It is similar to Malaysian Law such as Copyright Act 1987(Act 322) to protect this intellectual and innovation which is subsist of literary. first the problem “…why students cheat. focusing on why it happens especially among the adult and distance learner. In Section 2. Then I will suggest a solutions to avoid this happens base on Edward H.
Distance learner Student 95% of student study via distance-learning are involving in cheating (Bull. 2001) also report that a high frequency of cheating. Cut and paste will be a clinical process to furnish an assignment fast. 38% of the undergraduate students surveyed in the last year had engaged in one or more instances of ''cut-and-paste'' plagiarism involving the Internet. research indicates that cheating among undergraduate students has steadily increased over the last half century or so from around 23 per cent (Drake. students with a high expectation. For instant in the United States. Arnett. non-mature students. They are male students. and Science students.Section 1: Plagiarism: reasons and solutions Who’s Resort in Plagiarism After some literature review we found out that a group of student resort in plagiarism. Feldman & Cauffman. (1941)). This thing happens because of easy access to internet sources. 2002). under graduate student. 1999). Undergraduate Student Undergraduate student who was non-matured are commonly involved in plagiarism. Franklyn-Stokes and Armstead (1966) find out in their researched that student with this characteristic most often to cheat in their works. a distance learner and part time student. to as much as 90 per cent (Jensen. Student Newstead. (Kaczmarczyk. There are high school student. NY Times study (2003) on plagiarism involving 23 institutions within the US. results found. These happen due to high degree of laziness among male student and Science student always using the same lab test and some format of report. paraphrasing or copying anywhere from a few 6 .
overwhelming Assignment. (Whitley. and boundary of plagiarism and research just get confused.sentences to a full paragraph from the Web without citing the source" and that "almost half of the students said they considered such behavior trivial or not cheating at all (Rimer. 7 . 2006) said part time student who plagiarise other works for one or many reason such as. in the rise resort in plagiarism (Jocoy. cannot identify their own ideas. 1998). Dordoy (2002) in their research illustrate that 59% of the student cheating to get a better grade and 54% of the student has a bad time management and so on (refer to table 2). 2003). (Gatrell. Why It Happen There are many reasons why plagiarism happens. How they do to over comes the situation and problem to make sure they can catch up their datelines. However we can summarise the common reasons for cheating such as Bad Time Management. they don’t know the boundary of plagiarism. priority high on working and family will make this group of student to take short path and involving in cheating. and behind the date line. 2006). Lack of time management. Part-Time Student Part Timer student also.
a less priority was set by a distance learner student. waive or reduction of fee from university or from employer. 2004) case study To get a Better grade Every Distance learner tried of the best to get a better grade due to competitive situation to get a scholarship. Time Management Due to nature of learning dimension and current responsibility.REF 1 2 3 4 5 DESCRIPTION Wanting to get a better grade Laziness or bad time management Easy access to material via the internet Not understanding the rules It happens unconsciously STUDENT 59% 54% 40% 29% 29% STAFF 36% 42% 35% 40% 30% Table 1 : Common Reason of Plagiarism Base on (Dordoy. 8 . More time spend for delivering job task and managing the family affairs.
” Scanlon and Neumann. and 25% of them admit having used Internet sources in this manner. 2002) in their survey of college student attitudes towards Internet plagiarism reveal that nearly 90 percent agree that copying and pasting text from Internet or traditional sources without proper citation is wrong. Recycle Paper While internet surfing I found out at least 6 link where student can obtain recycle paper that can be use as Research Papers. 97% of student were uncertainty about the extent to which original sources could be used verbatim. (2006) in the article state that “The Center for Academic Integrity (CAI) reports results from their survey of approximately 50. Essays. and Book Reports. 2005). 9 .000 students at more than 60 universities that students believe ‘cut & paste’ plagiarism using a sentence or two (or more) from different sources on the Internet and weaving this information together into a paper without appropriate citation – is not a serious issue. Lack of litigation Knowledge Even Thought University or tutors always remind the prohabit of plagiarism. (CAI research. How it Happen Verbatim (word by word copies) Clarkeburn and Freeman. (2005) found from his case study that. these situations will not cut out the number of plagiarism. the times less will be use for academic purposes so to fulfill the date line they will find out a short cut and resort in plagiarism.Then. Cut and paste Jocoy.
the student doing the information trail. Specific Instruction Instructor.com plagiarism reports. paraphrasing Clarkeburn and Freeman. and Education-Majors. permission to collaboration or individual tasks. review of Turnitin. Cyber Essays . 2005) reported a small increase (4%) student still use paraphrasing without proper citation. evaluating information and review the information. MegaEssays.com. specific component and topic.1. The skills they learn in working to further the ideas and arguments of others are a valuable part of what they will take away from their assignments. Then they will 10 .com 1.com.1. Anand.2.1. However we should have a strategy how to avoid this situation happen. 1. and identify instances of plagiarism in their essays. Lecturer or Tutor should give a clear instruction subsist of specific expectations. SparkNotes.com. prohibit awareness.3.1.There are CollegeTermPapers. Soto. Then the issue of plagiarism will arise. 1. and requirement for oral presentation. How to eliminate practice of Plagiarism The overall goal of an assignment are required the student writing by their own using reliable sources. Knowing this may help them understand the value of original work. Oral Presentation Oral presentation may show at what extent. and McGee (2004) found that students who received no explicit plagiarism instruction plagiarized twice from who participated discussions of definitions of plagiarism. Instructor also should explain the content of good writing article and research paper. TermPaperSites.com.
students (and particularly those whose skills are poorly developed for whatever reason) will need some practice to learn the relevant skills. ). 1. Rather. Referring to handbook by Carroll contains tutorial material which can be used to indicate to students the boundaries of acceptable and unacceptable practice (Carroll.caught by an uncertainty of their data.5. sources and un-familiarities of reference. Core modules may well be filled with a discipline or theme-based 11 . Then. or research paper should be constantly taught and reinforced. Another useful strategy may be to ask students to append photocopies to their completed work of some of their strategically most useful sources. This point is also reinforced in the suggestions provided by Moon (1999). student should acquire this technic of citation and then they should be able to use These methods will help them to acknowledge the sources they were refer to.( that time to times. For example OUM stress on using APA format for citation and references. Assessment strategy Ryan (2001) reports an interesting case study from Birmingham University in which students were encouraged to research their essays in their own study time but to actually write them under supervised conditions (which had the bonus of cutting down on the marking load!). Writing academic skills Method of writing for the purpose academic articles. 2002). 1.1. including articles read ‘in the original’.4.1. What is important to note here is that purely negative messages on the dire consequences of failure to observe academic conventions may well be abortive.
Conclusion 12 . Encourage Student to make Statement Instructor should encourage student to make their own statement base on understanding of the subject.6.content so a coordinated strategy within a department may be necessary to ensure that academic conventions are not only taught but are also reinforced at key points 1.1. From the reading and review of the sources should make them able to make a conclusion. American researchers have published data which indicates that cheating at institutions with honour codes is significantly less than at institutions without (McCabe and Trevino. 2002).
com/content/view/47/72/.Section 2: Information Evaluation Authority this report are to review an electrical article wrote by Christina Jocoy and David DiBiase “Plagiarism by Adult Learners Online: A case study in detection and remediation” base on information evaluation criteria.org/node/138. Pennsylvania State University. No 1 (2006). Vol 7. http://www. http://www. 13 . she obtained with PhD in Geography from Pennsylvania State University.irrodl. ISSN: 1492-3831 for the first time and downloaded to website at: http://www. The Criteria are as below: Authority Jocoy was an Assistant Professor at California State University.aeteluq.org/index. This article was publishing in The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning. I will choose 3 out of 5 criteria information evaluation for this discussion. Before that she was an instructor at Department of Distance Education.e-abclearning.php/irrodl/article/view/242/466.
14 . 2004. She wrote a numbers of articles writing in geographic.irrodl. David DiBiase earned Bachelor of Science and Master of Science in Cartography at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Number of review of literature was made to support the argument. In this case. 2005.php/irrodl/issue/view/23 Some Peer review by other journalist can examine at website such as at http://www. No 1 (2006). He was awarded high achievement in cartography and distance learner such as Educator of the Year Award. and I was checked this issue via link : http://www. He was a pioneer of e-education at College of Earth and Mineral Sciences in GIS (Global Information Systems). statistic and review of literature. There is a case-study to elaborate their fact. 1989. He was a co-writer with Jocoy for this article. May 1993 granted PTA scholarship. This article was published in The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning. Vol 7.This article was written while she was in Penn State University with her colleague David DiBiase. He was lecturer in cartography in the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences at the Pennsylvania State University. Williamsville Central School District. This article was referred with many researcher and writer in this topic.org/index. this article rooms with information’s such as data. University Consortium for Geographic Information Science and Bill Murphy Barrier Buster Award. Accuracy and Reliability (Zaiton Osman (et al).org/index.irrodl. for publications generated as part a Penn State World Campus faculty workload research initiative. 2008) also highlight that an accuracy and reliability none compromised and every fact must be verified. Distinguish writing in e-education and Cartography. American Distance Education Consortium. She was awarded Distinction on undergraduate thesis. Both of them are active academic writer especially in cartography and distance learner since they were at Pennsylvania State University.php/irrodl/rt/metadata/242/0 This article was written accurately base on statistic and research they had done.
religious. race. Conclusion 15 . more evidence of plagiarism detected using computer software. gender. (Zaiton (et al). personal philosophy or age. 2008). This case study shown that. 1.2.Objectivity Objectivity means presenting information base on fact and no allowance for bias in politic. these writers achieve his objective to show that plagiarism can be detected. In this contact of this assignment.
2. Section 3 : The most reasons cited by Student Original Data cite in articles REF 1 2 3 4 5 DESCRIPTION Wanting to get a better grade Laziness or bad time management Easy access to material via the internet Not understanding the rules It happens unconsciously STUDENT 59% 54% 40% 29% 29% STAFF 36% 42% 35% 40% 30% Table 1 : Common Reason of Plagiarism Base on (Dordoy. 2004) case study 17 .
Bar chart Using Microsoft Excel Conclusion 18 .
Oxford Road. Accreditation and student assessment in distance education: Why we all need to pay attention. [Online] Available at: http://www. 6. Dordoy. Oxford Centre for Staff and Learning Development. Plagiarism: Do Students Know What It Is. (2002).Reference 1.westga. on Innovation and Technology in Computer Science Education. 2005. Educational Technology and Society. R. Williams. 123-126 9. UK. J. Maintaining academic integrity in on-line education. (2001). Jocoy and David DiBiase. M.(2002).Act A1139/2002 12. 12 March. International Review of Research in Open 20 . 2001. 10. Managing Part-time Study: A Guide for Undergraduates and Postgraduates. Harris. Northumbria Conference. 4.edu/~distance/ojdla/spring51/heberling51. Proc. Overfield (2006). AUSTRALIA 13. Carroll. Maureen M. Christine L. 5. THE PLAGIARISM PROBLEM: ARE STUDENTSENTIRELY TO BLAME?. ‘Cheating and Plagiarism: Staff and Student Perceptions at Northumbria’.2001] Incorporating latest amendment . Bristol: JISC Caroline Gatrell(2006). Canterbury. (2002). 11. Oxford. Heberling. UK 2. Kaczmarczyk. 2002. MacDonald-Ross. Plagiarism in Philosophy: Prevention Better than Cure. Online Journal of Distance Learning Administration. J. G. ‘Anti-Plagiarism Strategy for Research papers’ [online] Virtual Salt. Electronic plagiarism detection. 3.html 7. (2002). 8. McGraw-Hill International. Queensland University of Technology. 113-116. HEA Subject Centre Philosophy and Religious Studies. Computer-assisted assessment: impact on higher education institutions. Bull.. A Handbook for Deterring Plagiarism in Higher Education. Brisbane Graduate School of Business. 5(2). 6th Conf. JISC (2002). 2006. Plagiarism by adult learners online: A case study in detection and remediation. 2002. (1999). Jeremy B. L. A. Manchester Metropolitan University. LAWS OF MALAYSIA ACT 332 COPYRIGHT ACT 1987 [REPRINT . Dawson and Joyce A. Manchester M1 5GD. 2(3).
pdf Henriikka Clarkeburn and Mark Freeman.csulb.and Distance Learning. . 7(1): 1-15. 15.php/irrodl 14.irrodl. www.edu/~cjocoy/CV_9_19_08. Accessible from http://www.(2005). To plagiarise or not to plagiarise: an online approach to improving and motivating honest academic writing.org/index. University of Sydney 21 .
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