You are on page 1of 2

LESSON 1- FOR GRADE 9

28. FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN (1732-1809) •One of


MUSIC the most prominent composers of the classical
period. •His life is described as a “rags-to-riches”
story. He came from a poor family and his music
Music of the classical period led to his rise in social status. •He was hired by
13. MUSIC OF THE CLASSICAL PERIOD rich patrons and eventually became a musical
•The classical era, also called “age of reason”, is director for the esterhazy family for 30 years.
the period from 1750-1820. 29. FRANZ JOSEPH HAYDN (1732-1809) •His
• The cultural life was dominated by the music reflects his character and personality:
aristocracy, as patrons of musicians and artists mainly calm, balanced, serious but with touches of
who generally influenced the arts. humor. •He was able to compose over 100
14. MUSIC OF THE CLASSICAL PERIOD symphonies and developed them into long forms
•In the middle of the 18th century, Europe began for a large orchestra. •He was named, “father of
to move toward a new style in architecture, the symphony” although he excelled in every
literature, and the arts, known as classicism. music genre of the period. •Most of his
•It was also pushed forward by changes in the symphonies have nicknames such as the “surprise
economic order and in social structure. symphony”, “the clock”, “the military”.
15. MUSIC OF THE CLASSICAL PERIOD
•Instrumental music was patronized primarily by 30. WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART (1756-1791)
the nobility. •Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is a child prodigy and
the most amazing genius in musical history. •At
16. MUSIC OF THE CLASSICAL PERIOD age five, he was already playing the violin and the
•Important historical events that occurred in the harpsichord; at six, he was recognized as an
west during this era were: exceptional pianist and, at seven, he was already
•french revolution; composing excellent music. •At age thirteen, he
•napoleonic wars; had written sonatas, concertos, symphonies,
•the american declaration of independence in religious works, and operas and operettas.
1776 ; and the 31. WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART (1756-1791)
•american revolution. •He experimented in all kinds of music and
17. MUSIC OF THE CLASSICAL PERIOD composed over 700 works. •Unfortunately, due to
•The term “classical” denotes conformity with the mismanaged finances he lived his life in poverty,
principles and characteristics of ancient Greece died young and was buried in an unknown grave.
and roman literature and art which were formal, • He composed wonderful concertos, symphonies
elegant, simple, freed and dignified. and opera such as “the marriageof figaro”(1786),
18. MUSIC OF THE CLASSICAL PERIOD “don giovanni (1789), and “the magic flute” which
• The same characteristics may also describe the became popular. •Other known works: eine kleine
melodies of classical music. Harmony and texture nachtmusik, symphony no. 40 in G major, and
is homophonic in general. sonata no. 11 in A major K311.
19. MUSIC OF THE CLASSICAL PERIOD •The
dynamics of loud and soft were clearly shown 32. LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN (1770-1827)
through the extensive use of crescendo and •Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonn,
diminuendo. Germany to a family of musicians and studied
20. MUSIC OF THE CLASSICAL PERIOD •A style of music at an early age. •He was the composer who
broken chord accompaniment called, alberti bass bridged the late classical era and the early
was practiced. romantic era. •He was a talented pianist and
21. MUSIC OF THE CLASSICAL PERIOD •The great composer. •His famous compositions include 32
composers of the period were: •Franz Joseph piano sonatas, 21 set of variations, 9 symphonies,
Haydn; •Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; and • Ludwig 5 concertos for piano, 16 string quartets and
Van Beethoven. choral music.
33. LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN (1770-1827) •His
22. MUSIC OF THE CLASSICAL PERIOD •Sonata, works include the “missa solemnis” (1818-1823)
concerto, and symphony are the instrumental and opera “fidelio”(1805). •His known
forms developed during this era while opera seria symphonies are: symphony no. 3 (eroica), no. 5,
and opera buffa are the two vocal forms. no. 6 (pastoral), no. 9 (choral), which adds voices
to the orchestra. •He began to go deaf in 1796 but
24. FYI: •Works of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven this did not become a hindrance. •He continued
are still popular today. •Their compositions are composing through the help of an assistant and
now commonly used as music to animated series hearing gadget. •Some of his famous
of popular cartoon companies such as: compositions were made when he was deaf.
• Looney Toons • Warner Brothers • 20th Century
Fox • Pixar, etc. 34. CHARACTERISTICS OF BEETHOVEN’S WORKS:
• HIS MUSIC VEERED TOWARD LARGER
25. •Beethoven’s music was used in one of the ORCHESTRAS.
films for children and little Einstein’s animated • SOUND WAS CENTERED ON THE VIOLAS AND
series also features the music of the great LOWER REGISTERS OF THE VIOLINS AND CELLOS
composers Beethoven, Haydn and Mozart. TO GIVE HIS MUSIC A DARKER MOOD.
• ALL THEMES IN A PIECE ARE TIED TOGETHER BY 43. 4 MOVEMENTS OF THE SYMPHONY •1st
ONE MOTIF. movement: fast: sonata-allegro form •2nd
• HE DEVELOPED MUSICAL THEMES AND MOTIFS movement: slow : gentle, lyrical – typical ABA
EXTENSIVELY BY MEANS OF MODULATION form or theme and variation •3rd movement:
• HE USED MORE BRASS INSTRUMENTS AND medium/fast: uses a dance form (minuet or
DYNAMICS scherzo) •4th movement: fast: typically rondo or
sonata form
35. •In the middle of the 18th century, europe 44. •As the 18th century progressed, instrumental
began to move toward a new style in architecture, music was patronized primarily by the nobility
literature, and the arts, known as classicism. It which led to the rise of public taste for “comic
was also pushed forward by changes in the opera”. •The music was mostly of a simple yet
economic order and in social structure. pleasant character, while the singing was highly
Instrumental music was patronized primarily by flexible and sensitive and could freely express
the nobility. emotion through melody.

36. SONATA •A multi-movement work for solo 47. OPERA •A drama set to music where singers
instrument, sonata came from the word “sonare” and musicians perform in a theatrical setting.
which means to make a sound. •This term is 48. 2 DISTINCT STYLES OF OPERA •OPERA SERIA
applied to a variety of works for a solo instrument •OPERA BUFFA
such as keyboard or violin. 49. OPERA SERIA • (Serious opera) • Usually
implies heroic or tragic drama that employs
37. MOVEMENTS OF SONATA •1ST MOVEMENT: mythological characters, which was inherited from
ALLEGRO – FAST MOVEMENT •2ND MOVEMENT: the baroque period • Idomeneo (by Mozart) is an
SLOW TEMPO: (ANDANTE, LARGO, ETC.), MOSTLY example of opera seria.
LYRICAL AND EMOTIONAL. •3RD MOVEMENT:
MINUET: IT IS IN THREE-FOUR TIME AND IN A 50. OPERA BUFFA •(Comic opera) •From Italy
MODERATE OR FAST TEMPO. made use of everyday characters and situations,
and typically employed spoken dialogues, lengthy
38. SONATA ALLEGRO FORM •The most important arias and was spiced with sight gags, naughty
form that developed during the classical era humor and social satire. •“The Marriage of
consists of 3 distinct sections: Exposition, Figaro”, “Don Giovanni”, and “The Magic Flute”
Development and Recapitulation. are examples of popular Opera Buffa by Mozart.

39. SECTIONS OF SONATA ALLEGRO FORM •1. WHAT TO UNDERSTAND • music of the classical
Exposition - the first part of a composition in era is usually associated with the nobility. During
sonata form that introduces the theme •2. that time most of the members of the nobility
Development is the middle part of the sonata- would financially support the musicians. Music
allegro form wherein themes are being developed was played in the courts which make the music of
•3. Recapitulation - repeats the theme as they the classical era more familiar to the nobility than
first emerge in the opening exposition the lower classes. • This association of the rich
and classical music is still being experienced in
40. CONCERTO •A multi-movement work designed some parts of the world. • However, with the
for an instrumental soloist and orchestra. •It is a dawn of radio and TV, classical music may now be
classical form of music intended primarily to experienced by the masses.
emphasize the individuality of the solo instrument
and to exhibit the virtuosity and interpretative SUMMARY: • AT THE END OF THE UNIT, YOU
abilities of the performer. •The solo instruments MUST HAVE KNOWLEDGE OF THE FOLLOWING
in classical concertos include violin, cello, clarinet, CONCEPT. • CLASSICAL MUSIC REFERS TO THE
bassoon, trumpet, horn and piano. •A concerto PERIOD FROM 1750 – 1820. IT ALSO KNOWN AS
has three movements: fast, slow, and fast. THE “AGE OF REASON” OR “AGE OF
ENLIGHTENMENT” BECAUSE REASON AND
41. 3 MOVEMENTS OF CONCERTO •1st INDIVIDUALISM RATHER THAN TRADITION WERE
movement: fast: sonata-allegro form with EMPHASIZED IN THIS PERIOD. • DURING THIS
expositions of the orchestra and then by the PERIOD, DIFFERENT INSTRUMENTAL FORMS OF
soloist. •2nd movement: slow: has more MUSIC WERE DEVELOPED. THESE WERE SONATA,
ornamentation than the first movement. •3rd CONCERTO, AND SYMPHONY. THE THREE
movement: fast: finale: usually in a form of rondo, GREATEST AND MOST POPULAR COMPOSERS OF
resembling the last movement of the symphony THE PERIOD ARE: FRANZ JOSEF HAYDN,
and usually a short cadenza is used. WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART AND LUDWIG
VAN BEETHOVEN.
42. SYMPHONY •A multi-movement work for
orchestra, the symphony is derived from the word
“sinfonia” which literally means “a harmonious
sounding together”. •It is a classical music for the
whole orchestra, generally in four movements.