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The newest industry that seems to have provided employment to a large number of youth in the various cities is the call center industry, better known as the BPO industry. In fact, across the various levels, a company requires at least five thousand staff. This will would the be the smallest scale call center. The numbers increase with the largeness of the parents company. Today, there are call centers spread across the various cities of the country, with the promise of more companies coming to Indian shores. One of the basic requirements for a call executive is effective communication skills, more so in the area of attending calls. Thus, while employing executives each company puts their new incumbents through rigorous training in the process, as well as in a subject known as voice and accent. Some call centers demand specific accent training such as British, Australian or then American. Along with training the executives in these specific accents - speaking and understanding, they are also taught the cultures of these nations, so that they are more sensitive to the international locals while making or receiving calls. Typically call center training comprises of voice and accent training, team building activities, and other culture specific knowledge provision. Thus, when designing a training program for a call center, the trainer puts together program consisting of the following modules: Broad-based the three primary modules are: I. Accent Comprehension II. Soft Skills III. Culture specific knowledge Accent comprehension consists of the followings sub-modules: Phonetics: Vowel sounds Tense vowel sounds Lax vowel sounds Vowel shifts Consonant sounds Word list Pronunciations Intonation Inflection Syllable stress Soft Skills consists of the following sub-modules: Customer Service Call opening
Mind you P's and Q's Call closing Hold and transfer procedure Question tags Why questions Use of open ended questions Use of closed questions Listening Skills Paraphrasing Empathy Culture: History Geography Food and entertainment Values and beliefs Sports and adventure States (cities) and capitals Names - males and females Phrases and idioms; jargons
Corporate English Training
When it comes to training in corporate English there are two important aspects: Written English Skills Spoken English Skills Here, we will look at written corporate training. This mainly includes writing emails, business proposals and presentations, as well as varied other written communications required to develop business. Given here is a list of rules to help one improve their corporate writing skills: One should not write using gender specific language, unless one is sure about the gender of the recipient. One should always finish what they start. One should avoid the overuse symbols and abbreviations. Using analogies in business communications is like using feathers on a snake. Avoid annoying alliterations Avoid trendy locutions that sound flaky. Making an appropriate selection when it comes to idioms. Do not shift the point of view in the written correspondence - be focused. Avoid clichés Do not use commas unnecessarily Avoid using foreign words - stick to basic English words Do not overuse exclamation marks
Avoid using quotes that are not attributed to the personality concerned. Avoid ending sentences with prepositions. Avoid being repetitive Be as specific and to the point as possible. Avoid misspelling words - ideally refer to a dictionary or thesaurus Where English speaking is concerned, the trainer has to cover modules that include every aspect of spoken communication skills such as: Listening skills Speaking skills, which include: Voice - tone, volume, accent, diction, etc. Grammar Vocabulary Sentence construction Pauses and flow Non-verbal skills, which include: Eye contact Facial expressions Posture Gestures Body movement Overall Presentation, which includes Grooming Etiquette Personal hygiene
In order to be able to learn any language whether spoken or written, one needs at least 60 hours to 72 hours teaching-learning time. This is the principle followed by every language trainer. Where spoken English is concerned, one needs to undergo an entire language learning course. This course is designed in such a way that one understands the essentials of grammar, sentence construction and vocabulary. Some trainers go a step ahead and add modules for accent neutralization, so that the student can speak English without the mother tongue effect. This is important, as people in India have strong mother tongue effect where their accent is concerned, because of which it becomes all the more difficult to understand them when they speak basic, survival English. Another additional module is that of written English. However, written English is taught in detail in advanced English language classes. In the basic class the student is taught basic written English, which will help them correspond basic written communication messages.
Given here is a typical spoken English training program: Grammar: Parts of Speech Noun Pronoun Adjectives Verbs Adverbs Conjunctions Prepositions Interjection Articles Tenses Verb-Tense Consistency Sentence Structure Punctuation Vocabulary: Basic English Keywords Vocabulary Builder Abbreviations Practical Vocabulary Weather Vocabulary Numbers Time The World Phrasal Verb Vocabulary Pronunciation: Commonly Mispronounced Words Sentence Stress Pause Management Conversation Skill: Conversation as communication Assertive/Aggressive/Submissive Communication Non-verbal Communication Skill
to be charming with nothing at all. communication is best achieved through simple planning and control.shouting. abrupt or even-steady pace."Conversation. barely audible or medium volume.is its grammar. warm or cold. finger pointing. To ensure efficient and effective conversation there are three prime considerations: Presentation Skills Listening Skills Speaking Skills According to experts in the field of communication training. as it shows how interested the speaker or listener is. fast. any trainer involved in teaching English speaking prepares are module. jerky. Gestures: This includes the hand movements such as: hand-wringing." Thus. wherein grammar is the . to entertain with no matter what. is the art of never appearing a bore. presentation skills includes not only. English Speaking The basic underlying factor for learning any language . Speech pattern: slow. In order to ensure effective communication and presentation skills one needs to keep the following factors in mind: Avoid ambiguity Accept feedback in order to gain confirmation and rule out confusion The non-verbal presentation factors are: Voice: This implies the tone . strides or standing in one position. but also other factors such as listening and speaking.. of knowing how to say everything interestingly. arms crossed or left lose. or dull and flat. Postures: This is important. etc. aspects relating to non-verbal skills. Thus. The other voice aspect is the volume .. open hand movements. hesitant. fist thumping. Facial expression: This includes: The brow/forehead: Wrinkled or smooth Eyebrows: wrinkled or smooth Jaw/mouth region: firm or relaxed Eye contact: Whether the speaker is looking at the listener/audience being addressed. etiquette and grooming.sarcastic or sincere.written or spoken . Body movement: This includes the movement of the body such as shrugs and shuffles. rich and expressive.
an adjective or another adverb. which for instance could be lack of English speaking words.is a word used with a noun or a pronoun to show how the person or object denoted by the noun or pronoun stands in relation to something else. with emphasis on accent neutralization. In fact. bird. One of the main reasons can be language. wherein the verb is always between the subject and the verb. etc.is a word which expresses action or state of being. Conjunction . Basic Grammar: Under basic grammar the participant is taught the Parts of speech. What follows here. Verb .is a word used to add something to the meaning of a noun or pronoun. as a different subject. Adjective . Grammatically incorrect sentences take the form of SOV (subject-object-verb). all together. . Public Speaking Speaking in public tends to become a rather stressful task for many.is a word that expresses some sudden feeling Sentence Construction: The basic factor taught here is SVO (subject-verb-object) pattern of sentence construction.is a word used to join words or sentences Interjection .is a word used to add something to the meaning of a verb. Preposition . Advanced Grammar: This includes the following Agreement of the Verb with the Subject Articles Special usage Tenses Questions tags Active and Passive Voice Direct and Indirect Speech Vocabulary: This includes topics such as: Commonly misspelled words Irregular nouns Irregular verbs Interesting and challenging words In some training programs voice and accent become a part of the training. animal. Pronoun .larger chunk of learning.. But then how to improve English speaking can be looked at. is a typical English speaking learning module.a word used as the name of person.. which includes the following: Noun . place.is a word used instead of a noun. Adverb . even the best of speakers tend to go through those few moments of anxiety and stage fright just before getting onto the stage or podium to address their audience. object.
of any magnitude.. one tip for improving English skills.. as often as possible. here are 9 tips to speak successfully in a public situation. one can practice grammar and vocabulary exercises. . Coming back to public speaking.. which includes reading English newspapers and books. one should be aware of body language.. one needs to learn how to effectively use their body to communicate better. Exposure to the language is also important. Thus. Control stage fright Select the subject well Gather all ideas and information Organize the material Plan the beginning of the speech Plan the body of the speech Plan the conclusion of the speech Practice the speech Bring in humor.. Check all arrangements Be comfortable in venue Know how to use the microphone Conduct a microphone check before the function begins Be ready to deal with distractions Be prepared to answer questions. listening to English music and watching English movies. politely avoid irrelevant questions Recommended site : public speaking Body Language Non verbal communication includes the following aspects: Facial expressions Voice culture Gestures Eye contact Spatial arrangements Patterns of touch Expressive movement Body language Of all the non verbal factors mentioned here.. before going any further. as beyond the words this speaks volumes. Also reading loudly in front of a mirror helps one improve their language skills. spontaneously Here are the 6-key details to ensure smooth speaking at a public event.Yet.
motivational. it is regarded as a powerful cue that transmits: happiness.. speaking and in the case of non-verbal communications.. Eye contact is an important channel of interpersonal communication. at any given point. Given here are the communication barriers that occur while listening.Take for instance. It signals interest in others. communicates positive reinforcement.. With a gentle smile on the face one is sending out a friendly signal. which is almost always reciprocated in a positive manner. for they sake of probing Barriers while speaking: . For instance. Communication Barriers No matter how good and effective a communicator one maybe. as well as the proximity being maintained. It is also an important part of effective team communication skills. they tend to be perceived as boring. Take for example. the importance of the smile. friendliness. nodding the head. This factor helps regulate the flow of communication. eye contact with the audience increases the speaker's credibility. Listening barriers: Interrupting the speaker Not maintaining eye contact with the speaker Rushing the speaker to complete what he/she has to say Making the speaker feel as though he/she is wasting the listener's time Being distracted by something that is not part of the on going communication Getting ahead of the speaker and completing his/her thoughts Ignoring the speaker's requests Topping the speaker's story with one's own set of examples Forgetting what is being discussed Asking too many questions. warmth. while listening one should lean a little forward to show that they are interested in the conversation. eye contact. from time to time. affection. etc. Another instance are the varied facial expressions. liking. which forces them to work on becoming even more effective in their skills to communicate. Gestures are another important part of non verbal communications. A lively and animated teaching and speaking style captures the audience attention. indicating that the speaker is being heard.. For example. stiff and unanimated. If one fails to use gestures while speaking. Other aspects of the body that are important in communicating is the posture of the body. yet the fact is that one does face certain barriers. Furthermore.
Unclear messages Lack of consistency in the communication process Incomplete sentences Not understanding the receiver Not seeking clarifications while communicating The other barriers include: An individual's subjective viewpoint towards issues/people. Use of negative words List Of Communication Skills The ability to communicate effectively is a trick learnt by many. However. thus blocking communication. or on what you have read/heard. An emotional block. which leads to assumptions. but practiced perfectly by not too many.. sense data. it is not so.. Words can have different meanings to different people. Given here is an interesting list of communication skills that one should be aware of in order to better their ability to convey their valuable messages. emotions. This is because for most communicating is simple process. which can lead to an attitude of indifference. An emotional block or bias that is based on a third party's view point. Taking responsibility for one's messages Claiming ownership for one's messages Preparing to listen Encouraging the speaker to speak more Reflecting on what the speaker has to say Adapting to difference of opinions Being open minded Acknowledging differences Assessing without being judgmental Accepting feedback Being assertive Ability to share one's thoughts Sharing one's feelings Conveying to others a message without commanding or dictating terms Being aware of the information coming in Maintaining a communication wheel of conclusions. it a rather simple-complex-networking system that has varied undercurrents flowing between the speaker and listener/s. impact and desire Calm repetition to drive in a message Addressing people by their name Ability to explain a concept differently so that all those present understand it at their level . suspicion or hostility towards the subject.
Many feel that this skill does not need any training. however only a few are able to communicate them effectively. Verbal Communication Skills Everybody has interesting thoughts floating in their mind. rather than pointing a direct finger and saying . Where are those with good communication skills are looked upon and well respected. considering that almost every individual feels that they are very good communicators.professional and personal. After all a good listener and a good orator are popular in their groups . It keeps them interested and on the alert. Those who do not have appropriate communication skills are usually ignored or simply kept at bay. At that point one needs to pause and let someone else speak. who are able to bring to light the nuances that occur while communicating ineffectively. This is because they have probably sharpened their verbal communication skills.You all cannot communicate well'. every . if there is anxiety rising during the course of a conversation then one feels thirsty and there maybe a slight body tremor. A few deep breaths and some water works as the magic portion at this point. In fact. as every individual is able to communicate. Teaching communication skills can be a rather daunting task. Yes. Based on the communication skills training programs conducted by known experts in the field. as well as others. and bring about a resounding impact on their audience. For instance. but also an effect on others. during the course of the conversation. most trainers prefer to be regarded as facilitators.Ability to resolve conflicts so that it is a win-win for all Ability to be concise and clear Ability to convey thoughts in a focused and concrete manner Ability to confront a situation without ruffling any feathers Ability to convey with and empathetic statement Ability to explain objectively without evaluating Ability to provide specific details supported by concrete examples Ability to monitor emotional reactions and filter out irrational thoughts Ability to project oneself into the audience's point of view Good Communication Skills The way one communicates does not only have an impact on their own profession and personal relations. here are some tips to good communication skills : Maintain eye contact with the audience : This is vital as it keeps all those present involved in the conversation. and when this occurs the participants are ready to delve deeper within and bring out the negative aspects of their communications and replace it with the corrective measures. Body awareness : One needs to be aware of all that their body is conveying to them.
Though the years. one maybe knowledgeable in their domain area. This is because when one is assertive. One aspect of culturing the voice is understanding intonation. monotone. Clarity of thought : One needs to be clear and focused on the subject at hand and not beat around the bush and be ambiguous. which occurs as we speak. melody and rhythm into the way they speak. Basically. etc. This is the reason why.individual can communicate. Listening empathetically : One should hone the skills of listening with understanding. One needs to be aware of what is occurring within the self. as a part of communication skills training there is ample emphasis laid on voice culture. Voice Culture In the case of verbal communication skills voice plays an important role. aware of all that is occurring between the communicators and aware of all that is happening around the communicators. objective and needs. Digging deeper : One should be able to dig below the surface and derive and understands each communicator's primary needs from the conversation taking place. Then the common question that arises is : 'how to improve my communication skill'. jump up and step down (JUSD). Conflict resolution : One should be able to come to win-win solutions in orde to solve all problems that may occur from time-to-time. they are proving that they are confident about what they need to convey. but conveying their knowledge may seem like a mammoth task. When one intonates one puts music. Assert respectfully : It is important that one develops speaking up assertive communication skills. there is singsong. intonation follows certain guidelines that help one decide which are important and key . Given here are some interesting tips ways in which one can improve the way in which they communicate : Be aware of the communication process : One should be aware of every aspect of the present communication .the purpose. This is the rise and fall in pitch. aware of what the others present feel. experts in the field of training have found innovative ways and have provided interesting tips and methods to improve your communication skills. There are various patterns of intonation. For instance. but the problem is that every individual cannot effectively communicate. After all.
ideas on which one needs to rise and fall in pitch.. The following are the various factor that can help one to modulate well and gain correct intonation. inflection and syllable stress.loud and soft Enunciate the words to bring about clarity Match tone with attitude Also See y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y y Communication Skills Definition Of Communication Skills Types Of Communication Skills Importance Of Communication Skills Effective Communication Skills Examples Of Communication Skills Verbal Communication Skills Good Communication Skills List Of Communication Skills Communication Skills Training Basic Communication Skills Improving Communication Skills Communication Barriers Voice Culture Personality Development Body Language Public Speaking Presentation Skills English Speaking Corporate English Training Customised Corporate Training Workshops Call Center Training Spoken English Soft Skills . one can clearly communicate to the listener the important idea/s in the message. When one follows these guidelines. Be enthusiastic Avoid speaking in a monotone Exaggerate voice inflection Pause to create effect Pace between fast and slow Modulate between high and low pitch Bring power with the play of volume ..
Cooperation. ability to direct and guide others. are the essential skills required to make an individual and adept self-manager. and customers Motivation . in a nut shell. Caring about seeing the company succeed. and other selves in order to be able to perform above expectations. The following are the varied soft skill training modules that are offered. Positive work ethic Written Communication Skills .Willingness to learn. but definitely not below. Ability to relate to coworkers in a close environment Non verbal communication Leadership skills . supervisors. Commitment to continued training and learning. Every employee has to be a qualified self-manager. According to Human Resource heads of various leading enterprises. Personal integrity Verbal Communication Skills Flexibility . They realize that better performance is not just a matter of timely upgraded technical and domain-related knowledge. Ability to relate to coworkers in a close environment. Critical thinking skills Grooming . such as soft skills. It is for this reason that almost every company is taking steps towards helping their staff to perform better. In fact.good personal appearance . One has to learn self management through their years working . fellow employees.. Reading and comprehension Personal hygiene and energy Interpersonal skills . Someone who can manage the self.Adaptability Team skills .Basic spelling and grammar.professionally for a company. Self-supervising. Courtesy Honesty and reliability. Willingness to be accountable. as the result of such a training is to motivate the staff members. Understanding what the world is all about.. or at least at par. in general by trainers. Positive attitude. soft skills training is at the very base of self management. helps the company as a whole.Self-directed. Thus. or running their own venture.y Resources Soft Skills The driving force behind every company is its employees. Ability to follow regulations.Communication skills with public. regular training in soft skills. There is no MBA college or such degree or diploma providing training institute that dwells into churning out self-managers. but also the other aspects that are overlooked. the soft skills.
Some expressions used here have natural colloquial counterparts. What alternatives do you propose? 5 A. NOTE.The Structures of Spoken English ASSIGNMENT 1: Making it Flow A. Maidenhead. B. Brown. . Simply a lack of interest on my part. B. How so? 20 A. B. I¶ve been thinking . I would not deny that. B. 2003 . REWRITE THE DIALOGUE. Other features usually associated with natural conversation are missing. Some of the reasons for this are obvious. and would never be heard. that I do not intend for my part to be at the expense of travelling for the dubious pleasure of possibly spending my holiday anywhere in the vicinity of Mrs. This conversation is absurd and unrealistic. such as the choice of vocabulary. None. She is the person who is noted for tiring people with accounts of her Continental holidays. Without altering the ideas and patterns of thought. . She did not mention that subject above once. except to break the monotony on this single occasion. Beech Close.¶ DEADLINE: WEEK 45 ASSIGNMENT 2: The end of the affair "The Gables". It is to be remembered. You have unwittingly named a strong argument for avoiding Blackpool in future. Do you find anything that is lacking in Blackpool? A. Did you hear that Mrs Brown spent a holiday there last year? A. We shall certainly go elsewhere. There are many. Denmark or Finland. however. What justification is there for that? A. modernizing it and putting in words and phrases which would make it flow more naturally. Berks February 4th. B. That is extraordinary. For example: µIt has occurred to me¶ = µYou know. Please do not exaggerate. born of repetitious 10 visitings and a too close acquaintance with its disadvantages. I suggest France. It has occurred to me in moments of thought that we might choose a different venue for our annual holidays. that Finland is a costly country. A. Namely. 15 B.
DEADLINE: WEEK 49 BOOK LIST and Assignment 3: Choose one of these books and write 1000 WORDS on one of the following subjects: 1. A. Of course. 2. quite empty cup. I answered rather non-committally and began prodding the unmelted remains of the sugar in my.. E. Spoken English and Class. You just don¶t understand Children Andersen. quite politely I thought. I just didn¶t want any more coffee). Speaking with Style (80) MacLure. I firmly repeated my refusal (I wasn¶t trying to be nasty. he hated it. Halliday. but he persisted. by now. He even left me with the bill. I was forced to agree. Then I suggested going for a cup of coffee to a place I know round the corner. Then he quite baldly asked me who the other man was. This didn¶t seem to satisfy him for some reason and he asked me again. By now he was getting a bit irritated and made some sarcastic remark about how much he was enjoying the conversation. I told him it was typical of a man to assume that if a woman ever wanted to break off a relationship. etc. D. I didn¶t know where to begin. L. M. only he put it in the most aggressive way. E. 3. This rather stung me and I replied in kind. James was surprised at my silence (usually I do most of the talking) and made some comment about it. I commented on what I thought was the unnecessary coarseness of his expression. Bad Language (80) Enkvist. 4. S. Race or Gender Spoken English as a Cultural Form Spoken English and Empowerment Speech and Writing Deadline ONE MONTH after the last day of the course M.. Spoken and Written Language (coursebook library) Andersen. N. He said he didn¶t want to hear a speech about Women¶s Lib. Roger. K. Sarah. so I said nothing for a while and just sat there drinking my coffee. James offered to get me another one but I refused. He asked me if I wanted to end our relationship. The Power and the Word (80) Andersson. ed.. Deborah. Reconstruct the conversation which you think took place. and simply repeated his question. you understand. making some racist comment as he went. Oracy Matters (1988)(37 ORA) . Sutcliffe. British Black English Tannen. so here is the awful blow-by-blow account. Love. You asked me to let you know how my talk with James went.. First we went to a film.Dear Millie. and P. At that point he got up from the table and walked out. I always said he had no manners. Trudgill. but he just repeated his question. I made it clear I would only tell him to satisfy his curiosity and gave him Abdullah¶s name. it must be because she had found a replacement.. I told him it was none of his business.. It was then he guessed. Impromptu Speech. only more directly.
Discourse Analysis All .) and orality against literacy DISCOURSE y y y y Communication whose form is determined by its social purpose. Clarence. Sara. D. prayers. Discourse (1997) Tannen. Training the Speaking Voice (82) Goffman.77) Mills. register) + deeper coherence Usually oral. journals.7 Spo) WRITING AND SPEECH WRITING y y y y y y y y normative leaves out the prosodic (intonation. a certain length.. ed. Spoken and Written Language: Exploring Orality and Literacy (801. Forms of Discourse o Linguistic: language of advertising o Social psychology: discourse of racism o Authority: academic discourse . Claude Lévi-Strauss: 'the savage mind totalizes' A. pauses) and the paradigmatic (gestures. Language in use rather than language as a system multiple meaning: 'Have you got the time?''What school do you go to?' Surface cohesion (e. Analysing Talk Jones. Forms of Talk Langford.g. plays. Erving. but also refers to writing that reproduces oral discourse: letters. or small talk. R. Conversation Analysis (82) Anderson. recipes etc. How to Speak (316. for example. loudness) Linguistics and grammar mostly describe the written language Functions: action social content information entertainment Socrates (Phaedrus): 'writing destroys memory and sets up outside the mind what can only be inside it' SPEECH y y y y has twice as many grammatical words (a closed class) as lexical (an open class) is as structural and as functional as writing is more concerned with the social function of language: status. D. Luria: oral cultures lack abstract thinking but are rich in metaphors think in a situational rather than a categorical way Marshall McLuhan predicted an alliance of 'hot technology' (computers etc.
. . . Actuality Boss: I wonder . . universities. could that be sort of sent out // this afternoon Secretary: // Well. if . acupuncture. Standard English. supported by schools. . stereotypes (that the woman will follow her husband to a new job. immigration rights) 2. Boss: I'd really appreciate it. access to certain job. . the BBC cf. while cooperative speech (for example. parliament.) 3. osteopathy etc. . Knowing the DD is not enough: one must also have the right to speak in any given situation (lecture. SPOKEN ENGLISH The Phatic . Discourse (1997) includes the language of women and of race GENDER Heterosexuality assumes 1.could you possibly . interrupting). Secretary: Yes. certainly. you know. be responsible for the household and children etc. privileges (pension rights. this report thing here . but challenges the right of the DD to be the only one to decide how we speak Sara Mills. earn less. conventions ('femininity'. I've got a lot of work on but I suppose . thanks PC: exposes racist and sexist structures in the DD does not threaten our freedom to speak. . oppression) Certain speech acts are gendered male: speeches at weddings for example. or certain competitive situations (debates. . . 'consciousness-raising' or giving up a turn to let another person speak) is considered 'female' and often considered to have little value. .y y y The 'dominant discourse' (DD) RP. weddings) Michel Foucault y y y y Discourse does not just reflect social relations but also constructs them It is not only the use of power but also taking power for yourself (empowerment) Stereotype Boss: I want this letter typed up by the afternoon post. grammars. Western medicine v. er . .
12. You won't have a day off. 'economical with the truth'. Quantity 8. Speech and Power Presidential candidates very often have a background in law. I'd appreciate that. The person who wins the argument is thereby proved 'right'. I miss my grandmother. .Yes. 10. 14. . Relevance 13. rather cool'. Grice Maxims 1. . 6. 15. 3. . SPEECH ACT THEORY Ferdinand de Saussure (1857-1913. Quality 2. scandals are often decided on the basis of performs in explaining the offence: 'inappropriate behaviour' (Clinton). 'changeable') so as to take the drama and conflict out of the situation.No.Hello. 16. we have a problem.I need a drink. P. Some expressions ('such as anyway') have no meaning except as discourse markers.Talk about the weather is typically imprecise and evasive ('sunny spells'.Houston. . J.I'll give you a day off tomorrow. illocutionary and perlocutionary utterances H.Where do you keep the jam? . . In public affairs. 1889-1951) 'the meaning of a word is its use in the language' y stressed the importance of ordinary v. I take it back.Thank you.Do you miss your grandmother and grandfather? 11. Cours Général de Linguistique): y langue et parole Ludwig Wittgenstein (philosopher. .Goodbye. Austin (philosopher. L. where public speaking is important. 4. This equally applies to matters of substance like peace in Northern Ireland or the abortion debate in the United States. 9. . 1911-60: How to Do Things with Words) y locutionary. .Try the bell. . rhetorical and hierarchical language. 7. 5. .
. 1982) J.In a special kind of cage. 1969) E.Yes that's right.Did you have a good journey? . 20.17. how are you? . whose wife shall I look for? .It's time you found a wife for yourself. The source of this aggression is not a million miles away from the White House. 1990) Genderlects Western metaphysics 'favours speech over writing precisely because speech presupposes the presence of the speaking subject. who thus can be cast as the unitary origin of his or her discourse' (Toril Moi 107). . Benvenist distinguishes the act of speaking (énonciation) from what is said (énoncé) Walter Ong (Orality and Literacy. in a special kind of cage.Hi. a jam at Northampton. Searle (Speech Acts.Apart from a jam at Northampton.It's raining again. 19) CONVERSATION MANOEUVRES . 23.How should I be? 21. . especially if they are unsignalled or seem to be for ulterior motives Feedback . 18.OK. Noam Chomsky (1928-) J. Additional features Consistency We comment on changes of topic. 19. R. . . Manner 22.*Yes that's right.Where were the mink kept? . Theory of Literary Production (1966/1978) ch. Speech is par excellence an act which modifies the reality of that to which it is applied (Pierre Macherey. Davidson (1984) 'preference' Deborah Tannen (You Just Don't Understand. .
. . concluding a topic So it goes. What I'm trying to say is . I mustn't keep you. . . . That's life. by the listener you mean . . . Lovely day! Got the time? Can you spare a minute? but not Hi. I don't get you. . By the way . Nice talking to you. . . Speaking of America . . Changing topic Introducing a new topic That reminds me . . . . Let's get this straight. Mmmm . must get back to work. . is that the time. Well. Let's wait and see.Openings Guess what . Incidentally . . Sorry to trouble you . . . Ending Sorry but I have to go now. Hell. . . how much do you earn? Are you dating anyone? Ongoing checks by the speaker Do you see? Can you guess what he said? Are you with me? Do you follow? Let me put it another way Don't get me wrong . Makes you think. . That's a good question.
pop videos and the exploitation of dances like the Lambada. the spiky hair and safety pins mimic the extremes of display and disfigurement entailed in the pursuit of high fashion (Body Decoration and Piercing) Further Reading Other Non-Verbal Communication Territory Paralanguage accents. as with Michael Jackson in Prague or Jean-Michel Jarre in London's Docklands Dance In America there is a strong link between knowledge and the presentation of the body: other uses of knowledge (such as for courses in cultural studies) are part of nerd culture. its importance is in its reliability: it is more accurate than speech because not consciously controlled. filled pauses etc. One of the most famous and most enduring total images is the punk: Dress and body decoration are parodic of conventional style. of course. Bodybuilding and weightlifting. art and dance. Clothing 'Fashion is eventually about being naked' (Vivienne Westwood). There are no universals in body language. the phrasal verb is the single most common form of the verb in spoken English/One of the things about laid-back English is that it often goes . PHRASAL VERBS According to the Cobuild Corpus (c. 200m words). while the bin liner shirts and lavatory chains are recovered from the waste systems of modern society. making it an acceptable object of female desire. which satisfy a working class demand for outward signs of strength and maleness. Body language is a system linked to other cultural codes such as work or patriarchy. which is usually concealed. eroticised the male body. the beautiful body. However. Aerobics. Finally. The body is a basic element of communication. sport.BODY LANGUAGE Speech is both oral and corporal: reciters of the Talmud and the Kalevala are known for their distinctive rockng movements. which celebrates the middle class virtues of the 'healthy body'. Gestures Queen's wave like 'caressing an invisible buttock' Music Today pop stars project their individual bodies on to landscapes through images and sound. compete with gymnastics. In particular it functions as a language in advertising. Trashy kitsch fabrics like mock leopard skin and lurex comment on values of modernity and taste. Sport has also. Prominent zips and seams reveal the structure of clothes. and no 'timeless gestures': signs change like any other language (raised handshake). Sport allows the middle-class body the recognition of physical prowess that labour allows the working class. exploit the connection between dance music and sexuality.
I really wish I knew what's come over him. and nobody seems to be able to get through to him at all. there¶s a good chap. He rang me up a few weeks ago. if you see what I'm getting at. and Joe let on that he (Bert) had nearly been run in for shoplifting at the Co-op the other day. Formulae How do you do? How are you? How¶s things? use Happy Birthday.in for phrasal verbs in a big way. He has worked out that he'd be much better off putting on a made-up mental illness and getting carted off to hospital. I tend to think. aren¶t you? Politeness is mostly conveyed by the verb and the tone of voice: Do sit down (compare Do shut up!) Point of view Your technique is certainly interesting. but he won't let anyone in on it. When he called me up he said he had dreamed up a perfect way of getting out of being called up this autumn. even You¶re all dressed up like the dog¶s dinner. I can't make out why Bert is so sure he can get away with it. but he hasn't got on to me again since. They're bound to have met with his kind of act before: it won't be long before they suss him out and the game will be up. which is a let-down. I've never yet come across anyone who could pass himself off as a head-case when he wasn't. I rather think Requests "Gissajob" (Yosser in Boys from the Black Stuff) Would you do me a favour? . here you are. He says he's been chewing it over for weeks. POLITENESS IN SPOKEN ENGLISH Note that politeness is not the same as formality: Say. Make the following passage more formal by throwing them out and putting in synonyms. I'm not one to run down a mate. lend me your spanner. I'm getting a bit worked up about Bert. occasionally bon appétit. He never turned up at the pub on Thursday. Cheers! Congratulations! and have a good trip. It'll never come off. isn¶t it. but he refuses to be drawn out about how he's going to carry it off. he may well find himself thrown out of the Darts Club. Make other necessary changes. He must be mad to try it . but not memorised idioms: it¶s raining cats and dogs or "translated Finnish": Thank you for the food. but I doubt if he can count on taking them in for long. He's left off working. Jim.maybe he'll have to be put away after all. He's been pretty well keeping himself to himself since he brought up the idea. and the darts final had to be put off. but if Bert goes on with his crack-brained scheme to take in the authorities. that's obvious. Any sane man who could actually carry off such a trick would have to be so well up in neuroses and psychoses that he'd have to be pretty far gone anyway. If he doesn't stop by this week it may have to be written off completely. I sympathise (after a death) and never Happy landings (Finnair) High value is placed on originality. Mr Warhol? I¶m inclined to think.
private language of family etc. f. Socio-Dynamic a. IN-GROUP VOCABULARY (dialect. ELLIPSIS: sentence that is incomplete grammatically. CONTRACTIONS: shortened forms of common or unimportant words. loudness etc. d. NAMING. are found in social situations between equals in status. Dad. PROMPTING: interventions to supply a word. money and excretion When you are gone. b. Less SUBORDINATION. slang. e. among women and many black groups. or two sentences collapsed together. b. PHRASAL VERBS. give time for thought etc. . QUESTION TAGS: used to encourage participation by interlocutors. PHATIC UTTERANCES (small talk): unimportant exchanges or phrases to punctuate message. or where there are clear differences in status between the speakers. TURN TAKING: cycle of conversational turns. you¶ll surely want to see that we are provided for. OVERLAPPING TURNS are characteristic of situations where giving support and finding consensus are important. c. HOMEOSTASIS: coordinating speech to relate everything to present praxis. ANAPHORIC & CATAPHORIC: references back and forwards in the conversation.I wonder if you could tell me the time (masked request) May I have a light/payrise? I feel I should have a suitable reward. gestures. LONG TURNs are to be found in situations like interviews. RULE OF THREE Tendency to group episodes. give a paraphrase to show understanding etc. Characteristics of SPOKEN ENGLISH Structural a. f. e.). Linguistic a. on the other hand. SHORT TURNs. for example. HEDGING: cooperation strategy to modify statements so as to mke them less dogmatic. in theory bringing in all members of the group at regular intervals. show respect. c. c. Taboos: including death. Speech is (connected with action and performance). REDUNDANCY surplus information or repetition of information already given. g. examples etc in threes b. PARALINGUISTIC FEATURES include stance. d. I should like to go and wash my hands/powder my nose/spruce myself up.
it¶d(55). PARALINGUISTIC FEATURES include stance. TURN TAKING: cycle of conversational turns. . I believe it was in April of fifty six (30). . REDUNDANCY surplus information or repetition of information already given: Well in nineteen and I believe it was fifty-six is about the worst one I can remember around here. Can you remember any bad floods . are found in social situations between equals in status. OVERLAPPING TURNS are characteristic of situations where giving support and finding consensus are important functions of speech. BACKCHANNEL BEHAVIOUR affirms that the hearer understands and agrees to let the speaker continue: uh huh. INCREMENTAL REPETITION . examples etc in threes: the pheasant and the squirrel and the rabbit. more µn they tried to (39). for example. didn¶t like coon (9-10). gestures. What about turkeys. or where there are clear differences in status between the speakers. HEDGING: cooperation strategy to modify statements so as to make them less dogmatic: no difference that I can tell (line 22). . in theory bringing in all members of the group at regular intervals. PROMPTING: interventions to supply a word. GENDERLECTS . among women and many black groups. oh yeah (1-2). I believe that (line 30). etc. wild turkeys ?(10). give a paraphrase to show understanding etc. LONG TURNs are to be found in situations like interviews. I believe it was fifty six. any real bad floods (28). I believe that was in April of fifty-six (30-1) RULE OF THREE Tendency to group episodes. QUESTION TAGS: used to encourage participation by interlocutors. loudness etc. SHORT TURNs. or 2 sentences collapsed together: believe it was fifty-six is about the worst one I can remember (30f). CONTRACTIONS: shortened forms of common or unimportant words: cook µem (15). (58). on the other hand. Turn taking is particularly noticeable in interviews. .Essential Terminology (examples from Appalachian Speech) ANAPHORIC & CATAPHORIC: references back and forwards in the conversation.but I didn¶t like it. ELLIPSIS: sentence that is incomplete grammatically. now I like µem fried (10-11).
you be the nurse ) Couples Messages and Meta-messages. Narratives y y tell stories about community.(based on Deborah Tannen. Child Language y y suggest options ( let s play hopscotch ) issue commands ( gimme . with protagonists and antagonists. Body Language y y face each other and look into each others faces. You Just Don t Understand ) Women are made. I ll be the doctor. in which they often star themselves. while men prefer to hold the floor. in which conversations are negotiations to get one-up or onedown. Women see conversations as negotiations towards consensus. jokes. whereas she wants sympathy. not born . or ones which may make them look foolish. tell contest or tall stories. politics. and interrupt women. details of their private lives. appeal to statistics or philosophy for support. And this is why he disappoints my mother when she tells him she doesn t feel well and he offers to take her to the doctor. the news and sports. sit at angles to each other (bar stool) and look away. He is focussed on what he can do. my father is interested in action. Logic y y give a single telling example.Simone de Beauvoir Men see the world as hierarchical. Topics y y relationships. "Like most men. Women participate more when several people are speaking. Narrative structures y y complex networks of relationships mediated by language." . complex rules and activities Dynamics Men are adversarial in discussions.
bird. framing a clear and candid face. I said") LANGUAGE USED OF WOMEN "Kerena Mond. but a product of man. Closer to standard forms More "and" connectors than men More dialogue ("I said to her." Characteristics of women¶s speech (according to some): y y y y Tail questions. scrubber. corners like a dream." "A good secretary should try and do whatever her boss asks her. has perfect hair for ringlets. wasn¶t it?" "It does 80 in 8 seconds flat. clear off!" "It was such a lovely party. bloke chick." "Will the owner of car AEU 35 please move his car immediately?" "Ken Dodd said it was a family show. honey. People would bring their wives and children. countries and cars? Contrast the following: guy. everyone finds his own career. mate. streetwalker." .Further Reading: Jennifer Coates. more often than not. thick." "The English countryside is not a work of nature. almost 17. Women Talk (80 COA) WOMEN AND WORDS Who said this? "Hey you. down to her waist. That man. chap." "The ancient Egyptians gave high status to women. blonde. baby cow bachelor spinster master bastard mistress bitch. fellow. where she swims like a mermaid with her hair floating around her" (VOGUE magazine) Why is the female pronoun "she" often used of ships. She aches for sunshine and counts the days until her family leaves for their house in the south of France. "on the streets") history of mankind "After university. AVOIDING SEXIST LANGUAGE Examples chairman man in the street (cf. was the local squire.
Not showing a morsel of fear. Albert had heard about lions. And he said that all the Ramsbothams Would have other sons to their name. He took out his purse right away And said. He pulled Albert inside the cage bars And swallowed the little lad whole. someone's got to be summonsed'. 'For I think it's a shame and a sin For a lion to go and eat Albert. Said. it didn't seem right to the child. And didn't know what to do next. 'No. Now Pa. 'Ee. You could tell that the lion didn't like it. 'I'll thank you. His nose were all covered in scars. The magistrate gave his opinion And said no one was really to blame. 'Mother.youtube. So that was decided upon. How they was ferocious and wild. little fellow'. In front of the magistrate. And after we'd paid to come in'. 'What would I be doing raising children To feed t'ruddy lions? Not me!' 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 http://www. At that Mother got proper blazey. Took his stick with a horse on the handle And shoved it in Wallace's ear. 'How much do you usually pay?' But Mother turned a bit awkward When she saw where her Albert had gone. So off they went to the police station. 'How much to settle the matter?' And Pa said. but I am vexed. said Mother. And the manager wanted no trouble.youtube.com/user/rafeeque123#p/u/5/BofxIp7pC7E http://www. She said. To see Wallace lying so peaceful Well. kindly'. giving a kind of a roar. who had seen the occurrence. And he lay in a somnolent posture With the side of his face on't bars.' ±±±±±±±±±±±± 'That's right. said she.POPULAR RECITATION Albert & the Lion (Yorkshire) There were one great big lion called Wallace. yon lion's gone and ate Albert'. So straight away that brave little fellow.com/user/UKEAS http://www.youtube. They told him what had happened to Albert And proved it by showing his cap.com/user/dannancyemilyaaron#p/u . sir. For. And Mother said.
To make the machine understand what we speak. 10. By speaking in a neutral English.youtube. Listen to audio clips and videos to boost your confidence while speaking. Learn sounds of English. 1. public forum and work places. Listen how native speakers speak the language. 4. Follow newsreaders and listen them daily to enhance your clarity of speech. 6. Language specialist and programmers work jointly to develop software that can recognize voices. Try to watch some good movies that can improve your overall communicative skills. we can make people to understand us better. 2. Steps to speak in neutral accent. Read dictionary to learn the meaning of the word. Keep your rate of speech under control. To make ourselves understand better we should speak in neutral accent.com/user/sgrajendran Neutral Accent: An Accent The World Understands Neutral accent is a way of speaking a language without regionalism. 3.http://www. Do not speak too fast.youtube.com/user/Linguaspectrum http://www. Record your speech to realize you problems and difficulties and correct them immediately 7. 5. Let us learn about how to speak in neutral English. spelling and pronunciation. We can speak well in our Job interviews. Speaking with an accent affects our communication and sometimes at its worst spoils our image in public. Do some jaw exercises to modulate your voice and accent to our requirements. Familiarize with vowel and consonant sounds 9. Hence try to speak neutral accent. inferiority complex and disappointments from people asking us to repeat what we've said. We can avoid frustration. We can interact with the society smoothly. we need to speak in a neutral English that the computer can recognize our speech. Increase your reading ability by going through newspapers and magazines. 8. 101 English Language Idioms .
so it is important to be familiar with them. you will be able to converse with English speakers in a more natural and articulate manner. Don't forget to regularly review and use the ones you have already learned." English Idiom #2 A CASH COW Explanation of English Idiom #2 AN EASY WAY TO EARN MONEY REGULARLY. If you can learn the 101 English idioms in this list. JUST BE SURE THAT YOU DON'T BITE OFF MORE THAN YOU CAN CHEW. Example of English Idiom #3 "I'M GLAD YOU WANT TO PREPARE THE REPORT BY YOURSELF." English Idiom #4 CLEAR THE AIR Explanation of English Idiom #4 DISCUSS SOMETHING THAT WAS CAUSING PEOPLE TO FEEL UPSET. People use idioms frequently." . Example of English Idiom #1 "I REALLY LIKE THE WAY YOU SING BUT DON'T GIVE UP YOUR DAY JOB." English Idiom #3 BITE OFF MORE THAN YOU CAN CHEW Explanation of English Idiom #3 TRYING TO DO SOMETHING THAT IS TOO DIFFICULT OR TIME CONSUMING TO FINISH.English idioms are fun and useful. You might want to learn and practice a new idiom every day. Have fun with your idioms! English Idioms English Idiom #1 DON'T GIVE UP THE DAY JOB Explanation of English Idiom #1 YOU ARE NOT VERY GOOD AT THAT. YOU COULD DEFINITELY NOT DO IT PROFESSIONALLY. I'D LIKE TO EXPLAIN WHAT HAPPENED. Example of English Idiom #2 "INCOME TAX IS A REAL CASH COW FOR THE GOVERNMENT. JUST TO CLEAR THE AIR. Example of English Idiom #4 "THERE SEEMS TO HAVE BEEN A MISUNDERSTANDING.
YOU MUST GET YOUR ACT TOGETHER. OR ABANDON. HE'S A REAL CLASS ACT." . WE REALLY HAD TO SCRAPE THE BOTTOM OF THE BARREL TO FIND THEM. EVEN THOUGH HE DOESN'T KNOW ME. Example of English Idiom #6 "HE TRIED MOUNTAIN CLIMBING BUT HE SIMPLY WAS NOT CUT OUT FOR IT." English Idiom #8 A CLASS ACT Explanation of English Idiom #8 SOPHISTICATED. IF YOU WANT TO KEEP THIS JOB." English Idiom #9 CLEAN UP YOUR ACT Explanation of English Idiom #9 IMPROVE YOUR BEHAVIOR." English Idiom #6 NOT CUT OUT FOR Explanation of English Idiom #6 NOT SUITABLE FOR SOMETHING. Example of English Idiom #9 "IF YOU ARE EVER GOING TO IMPROVE YOUR ENGLISH SKILLS. OR THE VERY WORST. Example of English Idiom #7 "THESE ARE THE LAST VOLUNTEERS WE COULD FIND. Example of English Idiom #10 "YOU HAVE BEEN LATE FOR WORK EVERY DAY THIS WEEK. ABOVE AVERAGE. Example of English Idiom #5 "I NEED YOUR HELP BUT YOU JUST TURNED YOUR BACK ON ME.English Idiom #5 TURN YOUR BACK ON Explanation of English Idiom #5 GIVE UP ON. Example of English Idiom #8 "HE OFFERED TO HELP. YOU MUST START GETTING TO CLASS ON TIME AND DOING YOUR HOMEWORK." English Idiom #7 SCRAPE THE BOTTOM OF THE BARREL Explanation of English Idiom #7 THE VERY LAST. WHY DON'T YOU CLEAN UP YOUR ACT?" English Idiom #10 GET YOUR ACT TOGETHER Explanation of English Idiom #10 GET MORE ORGANIZED.
GENERALLY OBVIOUS. Example of English Idiom #16 "THE CROWD WAS AGITATED." English Idiom #12 ACTIONS SPEAK LOUDER THAN WORDS Explanation of English Idiom #12 "PEOPLE'S INTENTIONS CAN BE JUDGED BETTER BY WHAT THEY DO THAN WHAT THEY SAY." English Idiom #16 UP IN ARMS Explanation of English Idiom #16 ANGRY. Example of English Idiom #15 I RESEARCHED YOUR CASE BUT THERE ARE NOT ANY BLACK AND WHITE ANSWERS.English Idiom #11 A PIECE OF THE ACTION Explanation of English Idiom #11 PARTICIPATION IN AN ACTIVITY. I THOUGHT HE WAS GOING TO GO APE. IF YOU DON'T MIND. YOUR SITUATION SEEMS TO FALL INTO A GREY AREA." ." English Idiom #14 GO APE Explanation of English Idiom #14 GO CRAZY. I WOULD LIKE TO GET IN ON A PIECE OF THE ACTION. EVERYONE WAS UP IN ARMS OVER THE GOVERNMENT DECISION. Example of English Idiom #11 "I HEARD THAT YOU ARE LOOKING FOR PARTNERS IN YOUR NEW INVESTMENT. Example of English Idiom #14 "JACK WAS REALLY ANGRY." Example of English Idiom #12 English Idiom #13 IN THE AIR Explanation of English Idiom #13 BEING DISCUSSED. Example of English Idiom #13 "THE DAYS ARE GETTING LONGER AND THE FLOWERS ARE BLOOMING. OFTEN RELATED TO GAMBLING OR BUSINESS TRANSACTIONS. SPRING IS IN THE AIR." English Idiom #15 A GREY AREA Explanation of English Idiom #15 SOMETHING THAT IS DIFFICULT TO DEFINE.
Example of English Idiom #19 "DON'T TRUST JANE." English Idiom #18 GIVE HIM CREDIT Explanation of English Idiom #18 ACKNOWLEDGE AN ACHIEVEMENT OR CONTRIBUTION OF A PERSON. SHE ACTS FRIENDLY BUT SHE IS ALWAYS GOING BEHIND SOMEONE'S BACK. OH WELL. Example of English Idiom #20 "I CAN'T SAY THAT I LIKE GEORGE'S NEW FURNITURE. HE SURE IS AN EAGER BEAVER. Example of English Idiom #22 "SATOKO WAS IN CLASS 30 MINUTES BEFORE ANYONE ELSE.English Idiom #17 BE GLAD TO SEE THE BACK OF Explanation of English Idiom #17 BE HAPPY WHEN A PERSON LEAVES. Example of English Idiom #21 "JOHN DID ALL OF HIS HOMEWORK BEFORE SUPPER." . EACH TO HIS OWN." Example of English Idiom #18 "ALTHOUGH HE IS NOT EASY TO WORK FOR. WHAT AN EARLY BIRD. Example of English Idiom #17 THAT GUY BOTHERS ME." English Idiom #20 EACH TO HIS OWN Explanation of English Idiom #20 EVERYONE IS ENTITLED TO HIS OWN INDIVIDUAL OPINION." English Idiom #22 EARLY BIRD Explanation of English Idiom #22 A PERSON WHO IS EARLY FOR AN APPOINTMENT. I'll BE GLAD TO SEE THE BACK OF HIM." English Idiom #19 GO BEHIND SOMEONE'S BACK Explanation of English Idiom #19 DO SOMETHING WITHOUT TELLING SOMEONE. IT SEEMS VERY PLAIN AND UNCOMFORTABLE." English Idiom #21 EAGER BEAVER Explanation of English Idiom #21 ENTHUSIASTIC PERSON. YOU HAVE TO GIVE HIM CREDIT FOR MANAGING THE COMPANY WELL.
Example of English Idiom #24 "I THINK THAT MAN IS FOLLOWING US. SO FAR. Example of English Idiom #26 "ALL RIGHT EVERYONE. Example of English Idiom #27 "I LIKE THAT NEW PROCEDURE AND I'VE DECIDED TO JUMP ON THE BANDWAGON." English Idiom #27 JUMP ON THE BANDWAGON Explanation of English Idiom #27 JOIN A POPULAR TREND OR ACTIVITY. LET'S GIVE HIM THE SLIP." English Idiom #28 A LOSING BATTLE Explanation of English Idiom #28 SOMETHING THAT CANNOT BE ACCOMPLISHED. Example of English Idiom #28 . NOW. IT'S TIME TO GET THE BALL ROLLING. HIDE FROM HIM. I TRIED TO SPEAK WITH HIM EARLIER BUT HE GAVE ME THE COLD SHOULDER. WE SPENT A LOT OF TIME PLANNING THIS PROJECT." English Idiom #24 GIVE HIM THE SLIP Explanation of English Idiom #24 LEAVE HIM. Example of English Idiom #23 "CANCER RESEARCH IS A VERY LONG-TERM PROCESS.English Idiom #23 SCRATCH THE SURFACE Explanation of English Idiom #23 EXAMINE ONLY A PART OF SOMETHING. Example of English Idiom #25 "I DON'T THINK JIM LIKES ME. UNCOVER ONLY A FEW FACTS ABOUT SOMETHING. WE HAVE JUST BEGUN TO SCRATCH THE SURFACE." English Idiom #25 COLD SHOULDER Explanation of English Idiom #25 TO TREAT SOMEONE IN AN UNFRIENDLY MANNER." English Idiom #26 GET THE BALL ROLLING Explanation of English Idiom #26 START SOMETHING.
BEGGARS CAN'T BE CHOOSERS. Example of English Idiom #30 "I WON'T BE THE ONE TO SPILL THE BEANS. Example of English Idiom #33 "THE TEACHER'S EXPLANATION DID NOT SEEM LOGICAL." English Idiom #33 GIVE THE BENEFIT OF THE DOUBT Explanation of English Idiom #33 BELIEVE SOMEONE'S STATEMENT." ." English Idiom #31 BEGGARS CAN'T BE CHOOSERS Explanation of English Idiom #31 PEOPLE CANNOT COMPLAIN ABOUT SOMETHING THEY GET FOR FREE. Example of English Idiom #34 "IT'S A SAFE BET THAT YOUR ENGLISH SKILLS WILL IMPROVE QUICKLY IF YOU STUDY AT VANCOUVER ENGLISH CENTRE." English Idiom #30 SPILL THE BEANS Explanation of English Idiom #30 TELL A SECRET." English Idiom #32 FLESH AND BLOOD Explanation of English Idiom #32 A RELATIVE. HE'S MY OWN FLESH AND BLOOD. Example of English Idiom #31 "I DON'T LIKE THE COLOR OF THE SWEATER SHE GAVE ME BUT. Example of English Idiom #32 "I MUST HELP HIM. Example of English Idiom #29 "SARAH FOUND IT DIFFICULT TO KEEP THE SALESPERSON AT BAY. BUT I GAVE HER THE BENEFIT OF THE DOUBT. AFTER ALL. WITHOUT PROOF. WILL PROBABLY HAPPEN." English Idiom #34 A SAFE BET Explanation of English Idiom #34 PROBABLY TRUE.English Idiom #29 KEEP SOMETHING AT BAY Explanation of English Idiom #29 KEEP SOMETHING AWAY.
English Idiom #35 FIT THE BILL Explanation of English Idiom #35 SEEMS CORRECT." English Idiom #38 OUT OF THE BLUE Explanation of English Idiom #38 UNEXPECTED." English Idiom #40 ROCK THE BOAT Explanation of English Idiom #40 CREATE PROBLEMS FOR OTHER PEOPLE. HE DOESN'T ROCK THE BOAT." English Idiom #36 BLACK AND BLUE Explanation of English Idiom #36 BRUISED." English Idiom #39 CALL SOMEONE'S BLUFF Explanation of English Idiom #39 MAKE SOMEONE PROVE WHAT THEY SAY. HE KILLED HIM IN COLD BLOOD. Example of English Idiom #35 "THAT SEEMS TO FIT THE BILL. Example of English Idiom #39 "HE IMPLIED THAT HE WOULD TERMINATE MY CONTRACT BUT I CALLED HIS BLUFF. I'LL TAKE IT. USUALLY ASSOCIATED WITH RUTHLESS MURDER. Example of English Idiom #37 "THE ASSASSIN WAS EVIL." English Idiom #41 BY THE BOOK . Example of English Idiom #38 "A GREAT IDEA JUST CAME TO ME OUT OF THE BLUE. Example of English Idiom #36 "HE WAS BEATEN UNTIL HE WAS BLACK AND BLUE." English Idiom #37 IN COLD BLOOD Explanation of English Idiom #37 WITH COMPASSION OR MERCY. Example of English Idiom #40 "EVERYONE LIKES ANTONIO.
Example of English Idiom #42 "MR. Example of English Idiom #41 "HE IS A GOOD COP. Example of English Idiom #46 "I LOVE THIS PAPER FOLDING MACHINE. SMITH IS AN EASY BOSS TO WORK FOR. HE DOES EVERYTHING BY THE BOOK. Example of English Idiom #43 "WE ARE NOT SURE WHAT HAPPENED BUT WE INTEND TO GET TO THE BOTTOM OF THIS. Example of English Idiom #45 "WE ARE VERY DEPENDENT ON OUR ADVERTISING REVENUE. IT'S OUR BREAD AND BUTTER. IT'S THE BEST THING SINCE SLICED BREAD. Example of English Idiom #44 "HANS WANTED TO ASK MARY OUT ON A DATE BUT I EXPLAINED THAT SHE IS OUT OF BOUNDS." English Idiom #44 OUT OF BOUNDS Explanation of English Idiom #44 NOT PERMITTED. HE DOESN'T LIKE TO GIVE SOMEONE THE BOOT." English Idiom #46 THE BEST THING SINCE SLICED BREAD Explanation of English Idiom #46 A GOOD INVENTION OR INNOVATION.Explanation of English Idiom #41 DOING SOMETHING ACCORDING TO THE RULES." ." English Idiom #43 GET TO THE BOTTOM OF Explanation of English Idiom #43 LEARN ABOUT AND UNDERSTAND FULLY. MARY IS ENGAGED TO JACK." English Idiom #45 BREAD AND BUTTER Explanation of English Idiom #45 REGULAR INCOME." English Idiom #42 GIVE SOMEONE THE BOOT Explanation of English Idiom #42 DISMISS OR TERMINATE SOMEONE.
Example of English Idiom #52 "BE POLITE WHEN YOU HAND IN YOUR RESIGNATION." English Idiom #52 BURN YOUR BRIDGES Explanation of English Idiom #52 MAKE IT IMPOSSIBLE TO RETURN." . YOU DON'T WANT TO BURN YOUR BRIDGES. AT MY DESK. IT SEEMS THAT THE BUBBLE HAS BURST. UNFORTUNATELY. Example of English Idiom #50 "LAST YEAR. ANYWAY." English Idiom #51 THE BUCK STOPS HERE Explanation of English Idiom #51 PROBLEMS ARE RESOLVED HERE. HOWEVER. THE STOCK MARKET WAS DOING VERY WELL." English Idiom #48 DON'T HOLD YOUR BREATH Explanation of English Idiom #48 DON'T WAIT TOO LONG BECAUSE IT MIGHT NOT HAPPEN. IT'S POSSIBLE THAT THEY WILL LOWER TAXES BUT DON'T HOLD YOUR BREATH. Example of English Idiom #49 "I'M NOT TOO WORRIED ABOUT A POSSIBLE DOWNTURN IN THE ECONOMY. LET'S CROSS THAT BRIDGE WHEN WE COME TO IT.English Idiom #47 GIVE ME A BREAK Explanation of English Idiom #47 DON'T EXPECT ME TO BELIEVE OR AGREE WITH THAT. Example of English Idiom #48 "YES. Example of English Idiom #47 "YOU THINK THE TEACHER IS JOKING? GIVE ME A BREAK." English Idiom #49 CROSS THAT BRIDGE WHEN YOU COME TO IT Explanation of English Idiom #49 DEAL WITH A PROBLEM IF AND WHEN IT BECOMES NECESSARY. Example of English Idiom #51 "A LOT OF PEOPLE TRY TO PASS PROBLEMS ON TO OTHER PEOPLE. THE BUCK STOPS HERE." English Idiom #50 THE BUBBLE HAS BURST Explanation of English Idiom #50 A PREVIOUSLY POSITIVE SITUATION HAS ENCOUNTERED A SERIOUS PROBLEM. AFTER ALL.
Example of English Idiom #58 "THAT CAR ALMOST HIT US." English Idiom #54 PUT ON THE BACK BURNER Explanation of English Idiom #54 LEAVE IT FOR LATER. MY EARS ARE BURNING. LET'S PUT IT ON THE BACK BURNER. YOU CANNOT HAVE YOUR CAKE AND EAT IT." English Idiom #55 SOMEONE MEANS BUSINESS Explanation of English Idiom #55 SOMEONE IS SERIOUS Example of English Idiom #55 "WATCH OUT FOR HARRY. Example of English Idiom #53 "PIERRE IS TALKING AGAIN." English Idiom #56 AT THE TOUCH OF A BUTTON Explanation of English Idiom #56 QUICKLY AND EASILY. Example of English Idiom #56 "NO PROBLEM. THAT WAS A CLOSE CALL. UNFORTUNATELY." English Idiom #58 A CLOSE CALL Explanation of English Idiom #58 SOMETHING (USUALLY BAD) ALMOST HAPPENING. I CAN CHANGE YOUR ACCOUNT INFORMATION AT THE TOUCH OF A BUTTON. HE IS SOMEONE WHO MEANS BUSINESS. Example of English Idiom #54 "I DON'T THINK WE WILL HAVE TIME TO COMPLETE IT THIS YEAR." English Idiom #57 HAVE YOUR CAKE AND EAT IT Explanation of English Idiom #57 ENJOY SOMETHING WITHOUT PAYING FOR IT. TOO. Example of English Idiom #57 "JUAN CARLOS EXPECTED TO PASS WITHOUT STUDYING.English Idiom #53 MY EARS ARE BURNING Explanation of English Idiom #53 I THINK SOMEONE IS SAYING SOMETHING ABOUT ME." .
Example of English Idiom #62 "HEY LAUREN." English Idiom #61 MY TWO CENT'S WORTH Explanation of English Idiom #61 MY HUMBLE OPINION. Example of English Idiom #59 "I HAVE LISTENED TO HIS COMPLAINTS FOR YEARS BUT ENOUGH IS ENOUGH. THAT'S JUST MY TWO CENT'S WORTH." English Idiom #63 A CHANGE OF HEART Explanation of English Idiom #63 A CHANGED OPINION.English Idiom #59 ENOUGH IS ENOUGH Explanation of English Idiom #59 THIS SHOULD STOP. HE'S A REAL FAT CAT. LET'S GET TOGETHER AT THE STARBUCKS ON ROBSON. Example of English Idiom #63 "AT ONE TIME. I HAD A CHANGE OF HEART. Example of English Idiom #64 "GARY. SPEND TIME WITH EACH OTHER. English Idiom #62 HANG OUT Explanation of English Idiom #62 BE TOGETHER. IS THERE SOMETHING YOU WOULD LIKE TO GET OFF YOUR CHEST?" . Example of English Idiom #60 "FERNANDO HAS EVERYTHING HE NEEDS. I SUPPORTED GEORGE BUSH. YOU DO NOT SEEM HAPPY." English Idiom #64 GET SOMETHING OFF YOUR CHEST Explanation of English Idiom #64 EXPLAIN SOMETHING THAT IS BOTHERING YOU. AS TIME WENT ON." English Idiom #60 A FAT CAT Explanation of English Idiom #60 A WEALTHY PERSON. HOWEVER. Example of English Idiom #61 "HE SEEMS LIKE A CORRUPT POLITICIAN. WE CAN JUST HANG OUT AND PRACTICE OUR ENGLISH.
SHE IS SQUEAKY CLEAN. Example of English Idiom #67 "THE SALMON HAS RETURNED TO THE PLACE WHERE IT ORIGINALLY HATCHED. HE IS IN THE CLEAR. ITS LIFE CYCLE HAS COME FULL CIRCLE." English Idiom #69 IN THE CLEAR Explanation of English Idiom #69 OUT OF TROUBLE. I THINK WE WILL PROBABLY GET A RAISE IN PAY THIS YEAR. THOUGH. DON'T COUNT YOUR CHICKENS BEFORE THE EGGS HAVE HATCHED. I THINK WE SHOULD STEER CLEAR OF HER. English Idiom #67 COME FULL CIRCLE Explanation of English Idiom #67 A PROCESS HAS BEEN COMPLETED." English Idiom #66 A CHIP ON HIS SHOULDER Explanation of English Idiom #66 HE IS ANGRY ABOUT SOMETHING. Example of English Idiom #68 "WE CHECKED ALL OF HER REFERENCES." . Example of English Idiom #66 "I DON'T KNOW WHY HE IS SO UNHAPPY." English Idiom #70 STEER CLEAR OF Explanation of English Idiom #70 AVOID." English Idiom #68 SQUEAKY CLEAN Explanation of English Idiom #68 LEGITIMATE AND PROPER. Example of English Idiom #65 "YES.English Idiom #65 DON'T COUNT YOUR CHICKENS BEFORE THE EGGS HAVE HATCHED Explanation of English Idiom #65 DO NOT MAKE PLANS FOR SOMETHING THAT MIGHT HAPPEN. Example of English Idiom #70 "SHE IS NOT VERY NICE. Example of English Idiom #69 "HIS INNOCENCE HAS BEEN PROVEN. HE SEEMS TO HAVE A CHIP ON HIS SHOULDER. REMEMBER.
LIKE CLOCKWORK. IT MIGHT RESULT IN VIOLENT PROTESTS. Example of English Idiom #73 "HE IS VERY PREDICTABLE. Example of English Idiom #76 "THEY DON'T INCLUDE ME IN THEIR GROUP. Example of English Idiom #75 "THE GLOBAL SUMMIT WILL ENCOURAGE MEANINGFUL DIALOGUE." English Idiom #75 THE OTHER SIDE OF THE COIN Explanation of English Idiom #75 ANOTHER VERSION OF A STORY OR EVENT.English Idiom #71 ROUND THE CLOCK Explanation of English Idiom #71 ALL DAY. HE ALWAYS EATS AT THE SAME TIME." English Idiom #72 TURN BACK THE CLOCK Explanation of English Idiom #72 GO BACK IN TIME. Example of English Idiom #71 "HE IS A VERY HARD WORKER." English Idiom #74 WAKE UP AND SMELL THE COFFEE Explanation of English Idiom #74 THINK MORE REALISTICALLY Example of English Idiom #74 "HE DOES NOT RESPECT YOU AS MUCH AS YOU THINK. WAKE UP AND SMELL THE COFFEE. ON THE OTHER SIDE OF THE COIN. Example of English Idiom #72 "I FEEL OLD." English Idiom #73 LIKE CLOCKWORK Explanation of English Idiom #73 WITH MECHANICAL EFFICIENCY." . I WISH I COULD TURN BACK THE CLOCK. HE USUALLY WORKS ROUND THE CLOCK. I FEEL LEFT OUT IN THE COLD." English Idiom #76 LEFT OUT IN THE COLD Explanation of English Idiom #76 LEFT UNAIDED OR UNPROTECTED.
IT WILL MAKE MATTERS WORSE. Example of English Idiom #77 "I CAN'T WAIT TO SEE YOU ALL. IF YOU LOSE YOUR COOL." English Idiom #81 LOSE YOUR COOL Explanation of English Idiom #81 BECOME UPSET." English Idiom #80 KEEP YOUR COOL Explanation of English Idiom #80 DO NOT BECOME UPSET. SHE IS A TOUGH COOKIE." English Idiom #78 SCRAPE BY Explanation of English Idiom #78 HAVE JUST ENOUGH BUT NOT MORE." English Idiom #83 A COUCH POTATO Explanation of English Idiom #83 . Example of English Idiom #82 "MILO HAS RUN OUT OF OPTIONS. KEEP YOUR COOL." English Idiom #79 A TOUGH COOKIE Explanation of English Idiom #79 A STUBBORN. I'LL BE THERE WITH FLYING COLORS.English Idiom #77 WITH FLYING COLORS Explanation of English Idiom #77 WITH ENTHUSIASM AND EXUBERANCE. Example of English Idiom #78 "OUR BUDGET IS NOT SATISFACTORY BUT WE WILL FIND A WAY TO SCRAPE BY. IF HE TAKES ANY MORE CHANCE. Example of English Idiom #80 "RELAX. Example of English Idiom #79 "DON'T GET SHIRLEY UPSET. HE MIGHT FIND HIMSELF IN A TIGHT CORNER. Example of English Idiom #81 "DON'T GET UPSET. STRONG PERSON." English Idiom #82 IN A TIGHT CORNER Explanation of English Idiom #82 WITHOUT ANY GOOD OPTIONS.
Example of English Idiom #85 "I WARNED BILL BUT HE WOULD NOT LISTEN." . WE CAN ONLY WAIT AND LET THE ILLNESS TAKE ITS COURSE. Example of English Idiom #84 "THERE IS NOTHING WE CAN DO TO RELIEVE THE EFFECTS OF HER DISEASE. Example of English Idiom #83 "LUIS FERNANDO JUST WATCHES TELEVISION ALL DAY. HE IS UP THE CREEK. NOW." English Idiom #85 UP THE CREEK Explanation of English Idiom #85 IN TROUBLE.A LAZY PERSON. English Idiom #84 TAKE ITS COURSE Explanation of English Idiom #84 A SITUATION DEVELOPS NATURALLY. HE IS REALLY A COUCH POTATO.
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