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difference in time

Let the initial time = T hour

Part A: TIME AND Then the new time = [ T+2(1/2)] hour

=> 600/T(T+5/2) = 12/(5/2)

DISTANCE

=> T(T+5/2) = 125 => T = 10

:. The required time = 10+2(1/2) = 12(1/2) hours

AVERAGE SPEED:

Example1: A car travels 600 km in 11 hours and another

DISTANCE COVERED IS DIFFERENT

800 km in 17 hours. Find the

Example5: A car travels for 11 hours. Out of this, it travels

average speed of the car

100 km at a certain speed and then it increases its speed

during the entire journey.

by 15 km/hr to cover the remaining 280 km. Find the time

Solution1: Here, distance

it takes to travel the span of 280 km.

and time are known.

Solution5: Given that

average speed =(d1 + d2) /(

Speed difference total time d2 d1

T1 + T2)

V1 - V2 T1 + T2 100 280

= (600 + 800) / (11+17) = 50

15 11

km/hour

Use (V1 - V2), because, here V1 and V2 are not to be found

out separately.

Example2: A bus moves 300 km at a speed of 45 km per

V1- V2 = d1/T1 - d2/T2

hour and then it increases its speed to 60 km per hour to

15= 280/x - 100/(11-x) (assume, x = time to travel 280 km)

travel another 500 km. Find the average speed of the bus.

3= 56/x - 20/(11-x) :. x = 7

Solution2: Here distance and speed are known. Time is not

:. the car travels the span of 280 km in 7 hours

known.

:. We use the relation,

Example6: A

average speed = [d1 + d2] /

car travels a

[d1/V1+ d2/V2]

distance of

average speed = (300+500) /

170 km in 2

(300/45+500/60)

hours partly at

= 800 / (20/3+ 25/3) = (800 *

a speed of 100

3) /45 = 53(1/3) km per hour

km/hr and

partly at 50

DISTANCE COVERED IS

km/hr. Find the distance travelled at speed of 100 km/hr.

SAME

Solution6: Given that:

Example3: An increase in the speed of a car by 10 km per

total distance total time

hour saves 30 minutes in a journey of 100 km. Find the

(d1 + d2) (T1 + T2) V1 V2

initial speed of the car.

170 2 100 50

Solution3: Let the initial speed of the car = V km/hr

Use (T1 + T2), because, here, T1 and T2 are not to be

The new speed of the car = (V + 10) km/hr.

found out separately.

Product of speeds / distance = difference in speed /

:. T1 + T2 = d1/ V1 + d2/ V2 (Time reference is used)

difference in time

2 = (x/100)+(170-x/50) (assume x = distance covered

V(V+10) / 100 = 10/ (30/60) [:. 30 minutes = 30/60 hour]

at 100 km/hr)

V (V + 10) = 2,000

x= 140

V (V + 10) = 40 * 50

:. The car travelled 140 km

Without further solving, it appears that V = 40 km/h.

at the speed of 100 km/hr.

Example7: If a truck travels

road, the speed of a

a distance of 240 km in 6

motorcycle is reduced by

hours, partly at a speed of

12 km/hr and it now takes

60 km/hr and partly at 30

2(1/2) hours more to

km/hr, then find the time

cover the same distance

for which it travels at 60

of 600km. Find the time it

km/hr.

now takes to cover the

Solution7: Given that

distance.

total distance total time

d1 + d2 t1+ t2 V1 V2

240 6 60 30

Use (d1 + d2), because here d1 and d2 are not to be found will it travel in 15 minutes?

out separately. 4. If a man walks to his office at 3/4 of his usual rate, he

So we find, reaches office 1/3 of an hour later than usual.

d1 + d2 = V1*T1 + V2*T2· What is his usual time to reach office?

240 = 60 * x + 30 * (6 - x), (assume x = time of travel at 5. If a man walks to his office at 5/4 of his usual rate, he

60 km/hr) reaches office 30 min. early than usual. What is his usual

x=2 :.The truck travels 2 hours at 60 km/hr time to reach office?

6. If I walk at 3km/h, I miss a train by 2 minutes. If

Example8: A man takes 4 however, I walk at 4km/h, I reach the station 2 minutes

hours 30 minutes in before the arrival of the train. How far do I walk to reach

walking to a certain place the station?

and riding back. He would 7. Excluding stoppages, the speed of a train is 45km/h, and

have gained 1 hour 45 including stoppages, it is 36km/h, For how many minutes

minutes by riding both does the train stop per hour?

ways. How long would he 8. A man covers a certain distance on auto rickshaw. Had it

take to walk both ways? moved 3 km/h faster, he would have taken 40 minutes less.

Solution8: Time for walking both ways - time by mixed (i.e. If it had moved 2 km/h slower, he would have taken 40

walking + riding) = time gained minutes more. Find the distance.

time for walking both ways -4(1/2) = +1(3/4) 9. A thief escapes

time for walking both ways = 4(1/2) +1(3/4) in a car at a speed

= 6(1/4) hours. of 40 km/h. After

:. The man will take 6(1/4) hours to cover the same distance half an hour a police

if he walks both ways. car sets off to

catch the thief at

TIME AND DISTANCE BETWEEN TWO MOVING 50 km/h . After

BODIES what time from the

Example9: Two men, P and Q, start walking from a hotel at theft will the police

2 km/hr and 2(1/2) km/hr respectively. By how many km car overtake the

will they be apart at the end of 3(1/2) hours, if thief?

(i) they walk in opposite directions Hint: Distance to be covered by the thief and by the

(ii) they walk in the same direction. police car is same.

Solution9: Let after time 't' police catches the thief, V1*T1 = V2*T2

(i) When they walk in opposite direction, then P and Q will :. T*40= (T-1/2) * 50 :. T = 2(1/2)hours.

be (2 + 2(1/2)) km or 4(1/2) km apart in 1 hour. 10. A man travels in a car

:.at the end of 3(1/2) hours, they will be 3(1/2) * 4(1/2) km from X to Y at a speed of 77

= 15(3/4) km apart. km/h and returns back at 33

(ii) When they walk in the same direction, then P and Q km/h from Y to X. Find the

will be [2(1/2) - 2] km or (1/2) km apart in 1 hour average speed of the journey.

:. at the end of 3(1/2) hours, they will be [(1/2) * 3(1/2) km 11. A man travels on a

= 1(3/4) km, apart. scooter from A to B at a speed

of 30 km/h and returns back

Practice Exercises. from B to A at 20 km/h. The total! journey was performed

Questions: by him in 10 hours. Find the distance from A to B.

1. Find the distance covered by a car moving at 20 meters Hint: Let the distance be 'd' km

per second for 3 hours. d/30+d/20 = T1+T2 = 10(given)

Hint: Remember 1 d = (10*30*20)/(30+20)=120km.

meter per second = 12. A long distance runner runs 9 laps of a 400 meters

18/5 km/h. track everyday. His timings (in min.) for four consecutive

:. d= Vt days are 88, 96, 89, and 87 respectively. On an average,

= 20 * 18/5 * 3 km, = how many meters/minute does the runner cover?

216 km Hint: Average speed (meter/minutes) = Total distance

2. Find the time taken /Total time =(9*400*4)/(88 + 96 + 89 + 87) = 40

to cover a distance of meter/minutes

0.9 km by a bullock cart 13. A man performs 2/25 fraction of his total journey by

moving at 0.25 meter/s. bus, 21/50 by car and the remaining 2 km on foot. Find the

3. A train travels at 90 distance of the total journey.

km/h. How many meters Hint: Let total journey = x km.

(2/25)x + (21/50)x +2 = x . days and then Maurice leaves. Mary finishes the remaining

x=4 work alone. In how many days is the total work finished?

14. Normally it takes 3 hours for a train to run from A to Solution3: Let the total work be finished in 'T' days.

B. One day, due to a minor trouble, the train had to reduce no. of days Mary worked/ alone time + no. of days Maurice

the speed by 12 km/h and so it took 3/4 of an hour more worked /alone time = 1

than usual. What is the distance from A to B. (T/10)+(3/15)=1 :.(T/10)=1-(1/15) :.T= 10*(4/5)= 8

Hint: Let d be the distance from A to B. :. Total work is finished in 8 days.

(d/T1) - (d2/T2) = V1 - V2

(d/3) -[d/3(3/4)] = 12 Example4: Singvi and Ravi can do a job alone in 10 days and

d = 180km. 12 days respectively. Singvi starts the work and after 6

Answer key: days Ravi also joins to finish the work together. For how

1. 216 km many days Ravi actually worked on the job?

2. 1h Solution4: Let the work be finished in T days,

3. 22,500m (no. of days Singvi worked /alone time) + (no. of days Ravi

4. 1h worked/alone time)=1

5. 2(1/2) (T/10)+(T-6)/12= 1

6. 4/5km T=(90/11) :. Ravi worked for T - 6 i.e. (90/11) - 6 = 2(2/11)

7. 12min days.

8. 40km

9. 2(1/2)hr after the theft Example5: A

10. 46.2km/h and B can do a

11. 120km. piece of work in

12. 40m 12 days, B and C

13. 4km in 15 days, C

14. 180km and A in 20

days. How long

Part B: TIME, WORK AND WAGES would each take

separately to do

BASIC CONCEPTS: Total amount of a complete job (or the same work?

assigned job) =1, always, unless otherwise specified. Solution5:

1 day's work by any person = ( 1/alone time)th part of total L.C.M. of 12, 15 and 20 = 60 = L, say A and B can do in T1 =

work 12 days, C absent; B and C can do in T2 = 15 days, A

absent; C and A can do in T3 = 20 days, B absent. Alone

Example1: Tuktuki time for A =(2L)/ [(L/T1)+(L/T3)-(L/(T2)] =

and Rasmani can do a ((2*60)/((60/12)+(60/20)-(60/15))=(120/(5+3-4)=30 days

job alone in 20 days Similarly, alone times for B and C can be found out.

and 30 days

respectively. In how Example6: A Husband and Wife can do a job in 15 hours

many days the job and 10 hours respectively. They began the work together

will be finished if but Husband leaves

they work together? after some hours and

Solution1: Here, we Wife finishes the

can use a direct remaining job in 5

formula, if a = 20, b hours. After how many

=30, then Combined hours did Husband

required time =ab/(a+b) =(20 * 30)/(20 + 30) = 12 days. leave?

Solution6: In this

Example2: Mohan and Sohan can do a job in 12 days. Sohan problem, the total time

alone can finish it in 28 days. In how many days can Mohan for completion is

alone finish the work? neither known nor to

Solution2: Short-Cut if T = 12, a = 28 & b=? be found out. Hence

1/12=1/28+1/b total time T is not be

Then b =(28*12)/(28-12)= 21 considered, but assume

Mohan can alone finish the work in 21 days. that P works for x

hours, then using the

Example3: Mary and Maurice can do a piece of work in 10

days and 15 days respectively. They work together for 3

concept, (no. of hours P worked /alone time for P) + (no. of If they are working for 1 hour atternately, Anil beginning,

hours Q worked /alone time for Q)=1 (x/15)+(x+5)/10=1 in how hours will the computer be assembled?

x = 3 :. P leaves after 3 hours. Solution10: After 10 hours of combined, but alternate

working, we get the part of computer assembled = AniI's 5

Example7: Ramesh is thrice as good a workman as Bipan, hours work + Sunil's 5 hours work. = 5*(1/10)+5*(1/12) =

and is therefore able to finish a piece of work in 40 days (11/12) th Remaining part = 1-(11/12)=(1/12) th Now, at the

less than Bipan. Find the time in which they can do it start of 11th hour, Anil will work. Time taken by Anil to

working together. do(1/12) th work = 10 *(1/12) hour =(5/6) hour .. Total time

Solution7: Since Ramesh is thrice as good a workman as = 10 hours + (5/6) hours = 10(5/6) hours. :. the computer

Bipan, then if Ramesh does a job in 1 day, Bipan will do the will be assembled in 10(5/6) hours.

same in 3 days and the difference is 3 - 1 = 2 days. :. For

40 days difference (20 * 2), Ramesh does in 20 days, Bipan Example11: Two friends

in (20 * 3) = 60 days. Now, (Ramesh + Bipan)'s 1 day work = take a piece of work for

(1/20)+(1/60)=(1/15) :. the required time is 15 days .. Rs 960. One alone could

do it in 12 days, the other

Example8: Two workers A in 16 days. With the

and B working together assistance of an expert

completed a job in 5 days. they finish it in 4 days.

If A worked twice as How much renumeration

efficiently as he actually the expert should get?

did and B worked (1/3) as Solution11: First

efficiently as he actually friend's 4 day's work =

did, the work would have (4/12)=(1/3) (Since, the

been completed in 3 days. work is finished in 4 days, when expert assists) second

Find the time taken by A to friend's 4 day's work =(4/16)=(1/4)

complete the job alone. The expert's 4 day's work =1-(1/3)+(1/4)=(5/12)

Solution8: Let 'A' alone Now, total wages of Rs 960 is to be distributed among two

complete the job in 'a' days friends and the expert in proportion to the amount of work

and B in 'b' days. done by each of them. So, 960 is to be divided in the

Then, (1/a)+(1/b)=(1/5) (eqn 1) proportion of (1/3):(1/4):(5/12) or 4:3:5 :. Share of expert

(i.e. 1 day's combined work) and in second case, A works

twice efficiently, so A's 1 day work = 2 * (1/a) and B works

(1/3) as efficiently, so B's 1 day work = (1/3)*(1/b) :.

combined 1 day's work = (1/3) =(2/a)+(1/3b) (6/a)+(1/b)=1

(eqn 2)

Solving (1) and (2), we get, a = 6(1/4) :. A completes the job

alone in 6(1/4)days.

thrice as much as Kalpana to finish a piece of work. They

together finish the work in one day. Find the time taken by

each of them to finish the work. Solution9 Here, the alone

time of Kaberi is related to the alone times of other two

persons, so assume the alone time of Kaberi = x, then,

alone time of Kanti = (x/2) and of Kalpana =(x/3) Kaberi's =(5/12)*960=Rs 400 Hence, the expert should get Rs 400.

1 day work + Kanti's 1 day work + Kalpana's 1 day work =

combined 1 day's work 1/x+1/(x/2)+1/(x/3)=1/1 x=6 :. Practice Questions:

Alone time for Kaberi = 6 days, for Kanti =(6/2)= 3 days, 1. Ram can polish the floor of a building in 16 days. Find

Kalpana =(6/3) = 2 the work done by Ram in one day.

days. 2. Mukesh can do (2/7) th of an work in 1 day. In how

many days can he complete the same work? Example: A

Example10: Anil and person 'P' can alone do a work in 10 days and 'Q' can do it

Sunil working in 15 days. What amount of work is done by P and Q

separately can together in one day?

assemble a computer 3. A person 'P' can alone do a work in 10 days and 'Q' can

in 10 hours and 12 do it in 15 days. What amount of work is done by P and Q

hours respectively. together in one day?

4. Three persons Ramesh, Suresh and Kana can do a job

alone in 10 days, 12 days and 15 days respectively. In how

many days they can finish the job working together?

5. A person 'M' can do a job in 15 days. How much of the

job is done by him in 7 days?

6. Two friends A and B can do a work alone in 12 days and

8 days respectively. Find the amount of work done by them

in 4 days.

7. Two persons P and Q can do a piece of work alone in 10

days and 15 days respectively. If P works for 2 days and Q

works for 5 days, then find the total amount of work done.

8. Dipa and Avik can do a piece of work in 20 days and 30

days respectively. They work together and Dipa leaves 5

days before the work is finished. Avik finishes the

remaining work alone. In how many days is the total work

finished?

Answer Key:

1. (1/16) th

2. 3(1/2) days

4. 4 days

5. (7/15)th the part of work

6. (5/6)th

7. (8/15)th

8. Total work is finished in 15 days.

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