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After Market Parts

The fuel system component that
Auto parts made by companies other
supplies the proper mixture of fuel and air to
than the original equipment manufacturer
the engine. This part of the engine also adjusts
(OEM) and which are used for replacing or
the air and fuel mixture within an engine to
repairing autos.
meet different operating conditions (e.g., heat
Air Bag or altitude).
It describes a gas-inflated cushion that
deploys at the time of impact and is designed to Chassis
protect a person's upper body from making Once this was simply defined as the
direct contact with a vehicle's interior frame of the car which provided the strength of
components such as the steering column or the vehicle, and to which the body, engine,
dashboard drive line components and suspension were
Air Filtration System
System that cleans smog, pollen, Crankcase
exhaust, smoke and odors out of the air. Cleans Engines consist of three major
both interior circulated air and that coming elements: the cylinders in which the pistons
from the outside. move; the cylinder head where the fuel/air
combination enters
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
A braking system that is designed to Crumple Zones
preserve the driver's ability to steer a car during The areas of the vehicle outside of the
an emergency braking situation, unlike passenger compartment that are designed to
conventional brakes which lock and steering absorb the impact during a collision.
control is lost.
Automatic Transmission A chamber within an engine that
A transmission where the gears are contains a piston and valves. A fuel and air
shifted automatically by the vehicle and mixture in the cylinder is compressed by the
controlled by a torque converter. The torque piston and then ignited
converter replaces the clutch. It connects and
disconnects the engine from the drive wheels
Disc Brake
while selecting the proper gears for the speed
A brake that works by a caliper
of the car
squeezing two friction pads against a disc that is
Backfire/Backfiring attached to a car's wheel. This braking system is
When fuel that hasn't been burned becoming dominant over the older, less
seeps into the exhaust system and is ignited, efficient drum brake.
causing a small explosion.
Drive Shaft
Cam A long metallic tube that connects the
Part of the mechanism that opens and transmission and the rear axle.
closes the valves.
Ignition System
Drum Brake
The electrical system that produces a
A brake that works by curved brake
spark to ignite the fuel/air mixture in a gasoline
"shoes" pressing against the inside of a iron
drum that is attached to the wheel.
Normally Aspirated
Engine An engine that intakes air or "breathes"
A power-plant that uses the force of without the assistance of a supercharger or
exploding fuel (typically gas, diesel fuel, alcohol turbocharger.
or propane) to create a rotating action to drive
the car's wheels Oil Pump
An engine-driven pump that delivers oil,
under pressure, to the engine's moving parts.
Engine Displacement
The total displacement of an engine
Oil Ring
that is usually expressed in either liters or cubic
The lowermost piston ring that scrapes
off excess oil from the cylinder walls and
Fuel Injection returns it to the oil pan via vents in the ring and
Fuel injection is an electronic system piston.
that increases performance and fuel economy
because it monitors engine conditions and
A cylindrically-shaped metal piece (like
provides the correct air/fuel mixture based on
a plug) that is moved back and forth in a
the engine's demand.
cylinder by pressure from an explosion, or the
Gear introduction of liquid or air.
Circular, metal, tooth-edged parts that
Power Train
engage with other such parts in order to
All of the items needed to "power" a
transfer/transmit engine power.
car's wheels, including the engine, transmission,
Hydraulic Brakes axles, clutch (manual transmission) or torque
Brakes that use pressurized fluid converter (automatic transmission) and drive
instead of a cable. When the brake pedal is shaft.
pressed, hydraulic fluid forces the pistons to put
Rack and Pinion Steering
pressure on the brake pads which rub against
Steering system technology that allows
the brake disc and cause enough friction to stop
for more responsive handling and is found
the vehicle.
mostly in newer cars

Hydraulic Fluid
A fluid that is under pressure in a Radiator
system. In cars, hydraulic fluid systems replaced The device through which air passes to
wire and rod systems to perform steering and cool a single system in a car. Normally, it is used
braking more reliably and efficiently. to cool engine coolant.
Rear Axle Assembly Torque
The drive shaft, gears and rear axle The maximum amount of force
system that facilitates the changes in power and produced at a specific speed.
direction to the rear wheels. Also known as the
differential Torque Converter
The torque converter converts
Rear Wheel Drive hydraulic pressure within the transmission to
When the engine supplies power only to the mechanical torque which drives the drive shafts
rear wheels of a vehicle. This option used to be and ultimately, the wheels.
the standard and still is best used with heavier
vehicles. Transaxle
Generally found in front wheel drive
Redline vehicles. A housing of both the transmission
The maximum number of rpms at which a given and the differential since there is no need for a
vehicle may be safely operated. This number is driveshaft.
indicated by a red line on a tachometer.
A mechanism that includes the gears,
Means revolutions per minute; it is a
linking the power produced by the engine to
measurement of engine speed that refers to the
the drive wheels.
number of times a crank shaft rotates.

Spark Plug Gap
An air compressor that provides more
The space between the center and side
air to an engine than it could normally draw.
electrodes of a spark plug across which the
The added air supply increases engine power.
spark must jump to ignite the air-fuel mixture in
the combustion chamber.
Front-end plowing or diving. Also called nose-
diving due to weight shifting to the front of a
A metal bar or rod that provides the suspension
vehicle during a quick or emergency turn, when
system with structural strength.
the tires plow (push) instead of rotate. This is a
Suspension tendency in vehicles with front-end drive.
The components on which the vehicle
Uni-body Construction
rides, including shock absorbers and struts,
A process for building cars in which
which make the ride comfortable.
sheet metal body parts are pressurized to form
the body and chassis as a single piece, as
opposed to attaching body parts to a frame.
A gauge in the dashboard that shows
the engine speed in rpm.
A device that can measure or prevent
the flow of a liquid or gas. Most internal
combustion engines use intake and exhaust
valves to control the fuel air mixture into the
cylinders and to exhaust burned gases.

VIN (Vehicle Identification Number)

A series of 17 numbers and letters that
are stamped on a metal plate which is then
attached to a dashboard. The VIN identifies the
make, manufacturer, model, year and place of
manufacture for each car.

The distance from the center line of the
front wheels to the center line of the rear
wheels. Wheelbase length is a major factor in
road stability.