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History and two important events:

Nursing profession predates the 19th century. History suggests that the history of nursing
profession began in the time of Roman Empire (300AD). The empire tried to make sure they
there are sufficient care centers to protect the citizens from deathly diseases. They appointed
nurses for the care of patients. The byzantine time of Roman Empire for nursing profession then
was followed by the time of Catholic churches. It popularized this profession and made the
current modern form of profession possible. There are many pivotal events in the history of
nursing profession that completely changed the orientation of this profession, but few events
mark an impeccable influence in history. The nursing profession has also witnessed few
remarkable events and personalities that shaped the modern nursing profession. Naming a few,
the creation of first secular nursing school by Florence Nightingale in 1860 is very important and
‘the need theory’ presented by ‘mother of modern nursing’ Virginia Avenel Henderson.

Florence Nightingale is considered as the pioneer of modern-day nursing profession. The modern
social constructions bound the women from getting out and explore the unexplored professions
that were considered merely the domain of man. Women were restricted by social norms to join
the professions that actually influenced early formed social constructions. They were expected to
be housewives or mothers. Florence Nightingale rejected all the socially enforced constructions
and decided to join nursing profession despite the fact that her family badly opposed her
decision. She is remarkably known for taking care of the wounded and torn apart soldiers of
Crimean war and instrumentally decreased the death rates caused by worst hygiene in wartime.
She took a bold step of establishing some training school that is associated with King's College
London. Florence Nightingale will always be known for gifting this world with enormously
trained and remarkable nurses. She wrote very important and badly needed first book on this
profession entitled ' Notes of Nursing'. Nightingale's endeavors and successes with
hospitals/patients highlighted the significance of nurses that changed the trend of this profession.
The conditions of hospitals following her struggle started to improve and people no longer
looked at this profession with disdain and treated it as an honorable profession that serves
patients with better care and healthy sanitary conditions.

Another personality that highly influenced nursing profession is Virginia Avenel Henderson
(1897-1996) who is also known as 'The first lady of Nursing’, ' modern-day mother of nursing '
and the Nightingale of modern nursing. She is very much known for theorizing this profession
and defining the nursing as assisting the individual that is sick or well. She states that “The
unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those
activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform
unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge.” (Virginia Henderson, 1978). She
enforced on the need of patients psychological health as well for its determination. Her theory
entitled ' The need theory ' mentions that the primary role of nurse is to work on the self-
determination of patient so that the patient feels well after being discharged from the hospital.
The nurse should assist the patient in not losing hope and become integrated complete individual
without any psychological blockades. She made very important theoretical contributions that are
essential for the understanding of the modern-day nursing profession.

Two Nursing Organizations:

1) American Nurses Association: ANA Enterprise:

This organization used the voice of its nurses and members and their strategies to address the
critical issues that the nursing profession and overall health sector are facing. It has arrived to
protect health care coverage to fight opioid crisis recently. The initiatives like healthy nurse
healthy nation taken by ANA have contributed a lot in the professional development of nursing.
Apart from that it’s also important for nursing profession due to advocating these issues on many
fronts. It offers many resources for its members like travel discounts (offer hotel rooms on
discounts and online travel savings), student loan solutions, professional liability insurances, auto
insurances, long term care insurance, and financial planning services and many other
professional development tools like CINAHL and medication safety tools, etc. Its annual dues
are currently $261/year.$140/year is transferred to its other subsidiaries. It has 55000 members.
Currently it's working on safe staffing level, the issues of mandatory overtime, and safety of job

2) Hospice and Palliative Nurses Association

This organization is important due to having some vision of transforming the Care and Culture of
serious illness and it has played an important role in this arena.
It provides many resources to its members including online e-learning, certifications, and
recertification exam discount, online subscriptions to two professional journals, interest groups,
blogs, networking opportunities,
The membership fees vary for different groups as follows:

 Registered Nurse - $115 for one year, $210 for two years
 LPN/LVN - $82 for one year, $140 for two years
 Nursing Assistant - $50 for one year, $80 for two years
 Retired RN - $60 for one year, $100 for two years
 RN Student - $70 per year
 Student - $55 per year
 Associate - $100 per year

This nursing organization has 11000 total members.

Currently its working on some projects including ‘Pediatric Palliative Care Task Force’ to
improve services for pediatric palliative nurses, ‘Palliative Nursing Leadership Development
Program’ to provide leadership development experiences and mentoring to nurses and
‘Employer Partner Program’ that helps nursing teams with professional development and
educational opportunities at an affordable price (care).

Professional nursing organizations helps the nurses to engage in setting priority strategies and
policy products. They actively engage to address nursing and health-related issues. They help in
learning research-based implications and training to keep members up to date with changing
trends in nursing profession. These organizations strive hard to provide continuous education at
discounted rates and help the nurses build their professional careers. Moreover, they help nurses
in engaging with other people of their occupation and learn from networking opportunities. They
also provide certifications to the nurses to start afresh career and take this honorable profession
to its new heights. They are very essential in generating the enthusiasm and flow of ideas and
proactive work which are essential for any well-functioning professional organization. The
advocating role of professional organizations assists the clients and nurses to advocate their
needs (Matthews, 2012).

The professional organizations try their best to inform the nurses with evolving issues and
developments. The association advocacy helps the nurses to spread information and learn from
others through active participation on the platform given by professional organizations. These
organizations also disseminate professional knowledge among the members to learn from new
evolving researches and publications. Professional organizations help in developing professional
attitudes. They help the nurses through different means of communications and shape their
behaviors to fit the demanding professional environments (Cristina Catallo, 2014). The training
that they receive through these professional channels becomes a very essential part of their
professional habits and working environment through their entire life.

Works Cited
Association, A. N. (n.d.). American Nurses Association.

care, A. e. (n.d.). Hospice and Palliative Nurses Association. Retrieved 08 22, 2019, from Advancing
expert care:

Cristina Catallo. K.-V. (2014). Nursing Professional Organizations: What Are They Doing to Engage Nurses
in Health Policy? SAGE Open, 1-9.

Matthews, J. (2012). Role of professional organizations in advocating for the nursing profession. US
National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health,17(1):3.

Virginia Henderson, G. N. (1978). Principles and practice of nursing. New York: Macmillan.