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Power

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A 10 ton screw jack with maximum extension of 5 in is to have double square threads.

(a) using an allowable compressive stress of 5000 psi; determine the size of the screw, size of the

collar if the bearing pressure is 2,275 psi and a pilot pin diameter of 1 inch and the length of the nut

required if the maximum bearing pressure in the threads is 2,500 psi (b) determine the torque

needed to raise the load and (c) the efficiency of the jack using a coefficient of friction of 0.125.

Solution:

20,000

Sc = F/Ac, 5,000 , then DR = 2.256 in STD:D=2 ¾ Dr =2.313 Nt = 2

/4 D 2R

threads/in

Size of Collar: stress is bearing

20,000

Sb = F/Ab , 2,275

/4 D o2 12

, then Do = 3.491 in let say: Do = 3 ½ in ( Do of collar)

F 20,000

Sb = F/Ab = , Nt = 4.6 threads

/4(D D r ) N t /4(2.75 2 2.313 2 ) N t

2

o

2

WD m (tan f )

T = Tt + Tc = + f N rc, where;

2(1 f tan )

W = 20,000 lb = N

f = 0.125

Then;

T = 9260 in-lb

4

Example 2:

The lead screw of a lathe is 50.8 mm ACME thread, 0.98425 thread/cm. To drive the tool

carriage this screw must exert an axial force of 275 kg. The thrust is carried on a collar 115 mm in

outside and 55 mm in inside diameter. The speed of the carriage is 25 mm/s. Determine (a) the

efficiency of the screw and collar force for a coefficient of thread friction of 0.15 and 0.10 for the

thrust collar (b) power required to drive the this screw, kW

Solution:

W D m (cos tan f )

T= + fc N rc , where;

2 (cos f tan )

= 14.5 ° for ACME threads

pitch of thread, p = 1/ 0.98425 = 10.16 mm

depth of thread, h = 0.5 P = 0.5 x 10.16 = 5.08 mm

Dm = D – h = 50.8 – 5.08 = 45.72 mm

tan λ = L / π Dm = 10.16 / π 45.72 =0.0707

rc = average collar radius = ½ (115+55) / 2 = 42.5 mm

f = 0.15 for thread and fc = 0.10 for collar

e = output / input = W x L / 2 π T

25 mm/s = 10.16 mm / rev x n , then n = 2.46 rev/s

5

Example 3: Handwheel

A small screw press is to be designed to exert a maximum pressure of

350 kPa on the 300 mm diameter clamping plate. The screw is to be operated by

rotating a 300 mm diameter handwheel which is to be keyed in the upper end of

the screw. The maximum unsupported length of the screw is 500 mm and it is to

be made of steel where the maximum shear stress is 75 MPa. The screw is to

have single square threads. The coefficient of thread friction is 0.12, collar

friction is 0.05 and effective collar diameter is 1.5 times root diameter of screw

threads. Determine (a) standard size of screw (b) torque applied at the handwheel

to exert the required pressure.

Solution:

(a) max shear stress, s s2 (1/2 S) 2 , eq (1)

* The critical portion is the lower portion of the screw below the frame. This is subjected to

torsional and buckling stress.

= 16 x 927.75 Dr / πDr3

= 4725 / Dr2 N/mm2

F 1 F

S=α , where;

A (1 0.0044 L/k) A

31500

S= N/mm2

D r (D r 8.8)

2 2

4725 31500

Using eq (1), 75 MPa 2 , where we can solve by trial and error

Dr 2x D r (D r -8.8)

STD: Table 8.1 let: D = 25.4 mm (1 in) Dr = 14.8374 mm (0.781 in) T = 4 thread/in

WD m (tan f )

(b) T = Tt + Tc = + fc N rc, where;

2(1 f tan )

Dm = 22.6187 mm tan λ = 0.089 rc = ½ Dr = ½ x 29.7561 = 14.87 mm

f = 0.12 fc = 0.05

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