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Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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- Projectile Motion (1)

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A) Fx , Fy = F cos θ, F sin θ

C) 2nd option: align hypotenuse with vector and adjacent side along coordinate direction

with θ as the included angle

D) 1, 4, 2, 3

E) Nx , Ny = −N sin θ, N cos θ

~ = (1, 0, −3), B

Given: A ~ = (−2, 5, 1), C

~ = (3, 1, 1)

A) A~−B ~ = (1 + 2, 0 − 5, −3 − 1) = (3, −5, −4)

~ −C

B) B ~ = (−2 − 3, 5 − 1, 1 − 1) = (−5, 4, 0)

C) −A~+B~ −C~ = (−1 − 2 − 3, 0 + 5 − 1, 3 + 1 − 1) = (−6, 4, 3)

~ − 2C

D) 3A ~ = (3 − 6, 0 − 2, −9 − 2) = (−3, −2, −11)

E) −2A~ + 3B

~ −C ~ = (−2 − 6 − 3, 0 + 15 − 1, 6 + 3 − 1) = (−11, 14, 8)

~ − 3(B

F) 2A ~ − C)

~ = (2 + 6 + 9, 0 − 15 + 3, −6 − 3 + 3) = (17, −12, −6)

1

Tracking a Plane

R ~ B is a vector 880 m

long, at 17 degrees above the horizontal (or 163 degrees measuring counter-clockwise from

the positive x direction)

~ BA = R

R ~B − R~A

~ BA = (RBx − RAx )î + (RBz − RAz )k̂

R

where RAx = 360 cos 40, RAz = 360 sin 40, RBx = −880 cos 17, RBz = 880 sin 17

~ BA = −1100î + 26k̂ m

R

2

Projectile Motion Tutorial

A) Find tH

vy (tH ) = 0 = v0y − gtH

v0y

tH = g

v0 sin θ

tH = g

B) Find tR

symmetry argument, because it lands at same height as it was launched: tR = 2tH

2v0 sin θ

tR = g

C) Find H(θ)

y(tH ) = H

v0y tH − 21 gt2H = H with v0y = v0 sin θ and tH from part A)

solving for H:

v02 sin2 θ

H= 2g

D) Find R(θ)

x(2tH ) = R

v0x 2tH = R

with v0x = v0 cos θ and tH from part A)

v02 2 sin θ cos θ

R= g

v02 sin 2θ

R= g

3

Graphing Projectile Motion

A) Graph x(t)

x

5s t

B) Graph y(t)

y

5s t

C) Graph vx (t)

V

x

5s t

D) Graph vy (t)

V

y

5s t

4

Conceptual Problem About Projectile Motion

A) v0 = v2 > v1 > 0

B) v0 = 30m/s, θ = 60◦ → (15, 26, 0, −9.8)

C) (15,0,0,-9.8)

D) t1 , t2 /2, t2 − t1

E) increase v0 , θ : 60◦ → 45◦

5

Advice for the Quarterback

A) Find v0y

v(tc /2) = 0

gtc

v0y − 2

=0

gtc

v0y = 2

B) Find v0x

x(tc ) = D + vr tc

v0x tc = D + vr tc

D

v0x = tc

+ vr

C) Find v0

q

2 2

v0 = v0x + v0y

q

v0 = (D

tc

+ vr )2 + ( gt2c )2

D) Find θ

v0y

θ = tan−1 v0x

6

Arrow Hits Apple

Vo

45 deg.

D = 220 m

Using the Range equation found previously in HW (see Projectile Motion Tutorial)

v02 sin 2θ

R= g

v02

D= g

√

v0 = gD

knowing that v0x = v0 cos θ

√

we find v0x = gD cos θ

x(ta ) = D

v0x ta = D

D

ta = v0x

ta = √ D

gD cos θ

ta = 6.7s

B) Apple dropped from a height h = 6.0m, when to drop it (td ) so that arrow hits apple?

td = ta − tf all

so we need to find tf all , how long it takes to fall height h

y(tf all ) = 0

h − 12 gt2f all = 0

q

2h

tf all = g

tf all = 1.1s

now we can find td :

td = 6.7 − 1.1 = 5.6s

7

Horizontal Cannon on a Cliff

Given: H = 80m

A) Find height at t = tg /2

First, find tg using y position at tg :

y(tg ) = 0

H − 21 gt2g = 0

q

2H

tg = g

y(tg /2) = H − 21 g( t2g )2

g 1 2H

y(tg /2) = H − 24 g

H

y(tg /2) = H − 4

3H

y(tg /2) = 4

= 60m

B) if D = 150m, what is v0 ?

Since v0 is horizontal, it is equal to vx

x(tg ) = D

v0 tg = D

D

v0 = tg

q

g

v0 = D 2H

= 37.1m/s

C) Same as A) because with projectile motion the object will always be at midway between

the launch point and the landing point at the midpoint of its flight: x(tg /2) = D/2

8

Delivering Package by Air

A) Find t

y(tf ) = 0

H − 21 gt2f = 0

q

2H

tf = g

= 14.3s

B) Find D

x(tf ) = D

v0 tf = D

D = (290)(0.447)(14.3) = 1850m

C) Find vf

vf x = v0 = 130m/s

vf y = gtf = 140m/s

q

vf = vf2x + vf2y

vf = 191m/s = 427mph

D) decrease the speed and height

9

A Wild Ride

Given: ~r = A(1m/s)tx̂ + A[(1m/s3 )t3 − 6(1m/s2 )t2 ]ŷ, valid between 0 and 4 s

A) at t = 2s, is it ascending or descending?

d~

r

~v = dt

~v = Ax̂ + 3At(t − 4)ŷ

vy (2) = −12Am/s → descending

B) Find v

q

v= vx2 + vy2

q

v= A2 + 9A2 t2 (t − 4)2

q

v = A 1 + 9t2 (t − 4)2

C) What is Amax if vmax = 20m/s

Find when v is maximized, which happens when the expression f (t) = 9t2 (t − 4)2 is maxi-

mized

This expression has minimums at 0 and 4, and taking the derivative and setting it equal to

0 will reveal where the equation also has a maximum

Or I could just realize this is an even function with minimums at 0 and 4 (f (0, 4) = 0) and

realize the maximum occurs at t = 2

df

dt

= 36t3 − 216t2 + 288t

setting equal to 0:

36t3 − 216t2 + 288t = 0

t(t2 − 6t + 8) = 0

t(t − 2)(t − 4) = 0

t = 0, 2, 4 → t = 2 is a maximum

√

v(2) = vmax = Amax 1 + 144, we know vy (2) from part A)

Amax = 1.7

10

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