ANSI/AHRI Standard 370 (Formerly ARI Standard 370

)

2001 Standard for

Sound Rating of Large Outdoor Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Equipment

constructed. AHRI does not certify or guarantee safety of any products or systems designed. Note: This version of the standard differs from that of 1986 in the following ways: a. by Air-Conditioning. A-Weighted Sound Power Level. Heating and Refrigeration Institute Registered United States Patent and Trademark Office e. dB • b. f. the scope of the rating has been expanded to include sound levels for “fan only” operation as well A new test procedure is specified for determining Sound Power Levels based upon measurements of sound pressure in an essentially free-field The area of equivalent hemisphere is used to ensure closure between Sound Power Levels obtained using reverberation room and survey methods. Note: This standard supersedes ARI Standard 370-86. dB • A-Weighted Sound Power Level. The single number. A-Weighted.IMPORTANT SAFETY RECOMMENDATIONS It is strongly recommended that the product be designed. assembled and installed in accordance with nationally recognized safety requirements appropriate for products covered by this standard. installed or operated in accordance with these standards or that any tests conducted under its standards will be non-hazardous or free from risk. sound rating level (SR) in bels has been replaced by a rating comprised of three sound level descriptors. all expressed in decibels: • Octave Band Sound Power Levels. d. tested. One-Third Octave Band Sound Power Levels. rated. AHRI. as a manufacturers' trade association. uses its best efforts to develop standards employing state-of-theart and accepted industry practices. . However. Copyright 2001. dB • Tone Adjusted. dB (optional) The frequency range of interest has been expanded to include the 63 Hz Octave Band All sound levels are determined from One-Third Octave Band measurements In addition to a sound rating for the complete unit. c.

... Section 4....................................................... A-Weighting Adjustments ..................................................................... A-Weighted Sound Power Levels ......... Section 6...................................................... Section 7.............................................................................................. Section 8..........................................................12 Appendix D..........TABLE OF CONTENTS SECTION Section 1...........Informative ......................................... Appendix E.........................................................Informative..............................5 TABLES Table 1.........Normative ....................3 APPENDICES Appendix A.................................. Section 3....6 Determining Sound Power Levels Using Sound Pressure Measurements Made in a Free Field Over a Reflecting Plane ............4 Marking and Nameplate Data .......................................................................................................................................... Appendix F...............2 Rating Requirements ..................................Normative . Appendix B...............1 Test Requirements ..................................................................................................... Section 2............................. Section 5.................................................Informative ....... PAGE Purpose ............................11 Example Calculation of Tone Adjusted..... References ..7 Tone Adjustments at One-Third Octave Band Frequencies for Specific Values of Projection (P) .....................1 Scope .......6 References ............3 Minimum Data Requirements for Published Ratings ........................................................ .................1 Definitions ..... Appendix C..............................Informative...........10 Example Calculation of A-Weighted Sound Power Level .5 Conformance Conditions .

...........12 FIGURES FOR APPENDICES Figure C1....................... One-Third Octave Band Adjustments for Tone Response .. Table F1.8 Elevation of Measurement Parallelepiped ....... A-Weighted Sound Power Level ....... Table E1.........8 ....10 Example Calculation of A-Weighted Sound Power Level ..................................11 Example Calculation of Tone Adjusted......................................... Figure C2........... Plan View of Measurement Parallelepiped .......TABLES FOR APPENDICES Table D1...............................

2 Exclusions. sets of measurements.6.4 Octave Band. contractors and users. 2.000 Btu/h [40 kW]) nor does it apply to air or evaporatively cooled condensers that fall within the scope of AHRI Standards 460 and 490. 3.5 One-Third Octave Band. 3. advertising or other literature controlled by the manufacturer. A portable. under stated rating conditions. A band of sound covering a range of frequencies such that the highest is twice the lowest.1.1 Comparison Method. Ventilation. The difference in Sound Power Level is equal to the difference in Sound Pressure Level when conditions in the room are the same for both 1 . test requirements. 3. Rating Conditions used as the basis of comparison for performance characteristics. This standard is subject to review and amendment as technology advances.7. including an outdoor coil and outdoor fan.11. 3.2 Hertz (Hz). 3. including manufacturers. 3.11. Definitions All terms in this document shall follow the standard industry definitions established in the current edition of ASHRAE Terminology of Heating.1 Purpose. Section 3. rating requirements. 3.1 Standard Rating Conditions. This standard applies to the outdoor portions of factory-made commercial and industrial Large Outdoor Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Equipment.1 Intent. marking and nameplate data.3 Large Outdoor Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Equipment. mechanicaldraft. Scope 2.7 Rating Conditions. This standard is intended for the guidance of the industry. used for refrigerating or air-conditioning of spaces. Remote.2 Review and Amendment. The One-Third Octave Bands used in this standard are those defined in ANSI Standard S1. A method of determining Sound Power Level of the equipment under test in a reverberation room by comparing the average Sound Pressure Level of that equipment to the average Sound Pressure Level of a Reference Sound Source of known Sound Power Level output. aerodynamic sound source that produces a known stable broad band sound power output. Section 2. including heat pumps. at stated rating conditions. A band of sound covering a range of frequencies such that the highest frequency is the cube root of two times the lowest. and conformance conditions. It establishes definitions. Purpose 1. 1. These values apply to all units of like nominal size and type (identification) produced by the same manufacturer. Any set of operating conditions under which a single level of performance results. 3.1. A statement of the assigned values of those performance characteristics.6. installers. A unit of frequency equal to one cycle per second.6 Published Rating.ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 370-2001 SOUND RATING OF LARGE OUTDOOR REFRIGERATING AND AIR-CONDITIONING EQUIPMENT Section 1. minimum data requirements for Published Ratings.1 Application Rating. the term Published Rating includes the rating of all performance characteristics shown on the unit or published in specifications. The Octave Bands used in this standard are those defined in ANSI Standard S1. A rating based on tests performed at Application Rating Conditions (other than Standard Rating Conditions). engineers.1 Scope. and which cause only that level of performance to occur. A rating based on tests performed at Standard Rating Conditions. As used herein. 3. The purpose of this standard is to establish methods for determining the sound ratings of the outdoor portions of factory-made commercial and industrial Large Outdoor Refrigerating and AirConditioning Equipment. 3. 3. AirConditioning and Refrigeration. unless otherwise defined in this section. air-cooled and evaporative refrigerant condensers are not included. by which a unit may be chosen to fit its application. Equipment that consists of one or more assemblies. This standard does not apply to the outdoor portions of unitary air-conditioning or heat pump equipment which fall within the scope of AHRI Standard 270 (cooling capacity ratings of less than 135.8 Reference Sound Source (RSS).2 Standard Rating. as defined in Section 3 of this standard. and which may include a compressor. 1.

4. The reference sound power used in this standard is 1 picowatt (pW). For the purposes of this standard.1. as adapted for Large Outdoor Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Equipment in Appendix C of this standard. as specified on the unit nameplate and measured at the service connection. During sound rating tests. This is ten times the logarithm to the base ten of the ratio of the sound power radiated by the source to a reference sound power. In the first phase.. the compression equipment shall be turned off and sound readings taken with only the fans operating. This is twenty times the logarithm to the base ten of the ratio of a given sound pressure to a reference sound pressure of 20 :Pa.9.2.2 Should. Test Requirements 4.2. as adapted for Large Outdoor Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Equipment in Appendix C of this standard. "Should" is used to indicate provisions which are not mandatory but which are desirable as good practice. using a Reference Sound Source calibrated in a hemi-anechoic environment in accordance with AHRI Standard 250. 3..3 Sound tests in indoor or outdoor spaces that qualify as an essentially free field over a reflecting plane shall be conducted in accordance with ISO 3744.. 3. the equipment operating conditions shall not deviate from the specified operating conditions by more than the following tolerances: Air Temperature .. 3. dB.1 Shall.. 2 . 3.11 Sound Pressure Level. phase and frequency..1 Standard Sound Ratings. c. d. Lw.± 2.2 Sound tests in a hemi-anechoic room which affords a free field condition above the measurement space or above a reflecting plane shall be conducted in accordance ISO 3745.2 Methods of Test. a.1 Sound tests conducted in a reverberation room shall use the Comparison Method in accordance with ISO 3741...1 Test Requirements. expressed in decibels. V. 4. the sound measurements shall be made with the equipment operating at the AHRI standard thermal rating condition In the second phase.2 Application Sound Ratings. The volume of the equipment to be tested shall not exceed 5% of the volume of the room The instrumentation and instrumentation systems employed in reverberation room testing shall meet or exceed the requirements of ISO 3741. Standard sound ratings shall be based on sound tests conducted with the unit operating at rated voltage.0 °F [1. that provision is mandatory if compliance with the standard is claimed.13 Tone Adjustment.1.1 °C] of the temperature measured during compressor operation. 4.2. Lp. Annex A Qualification to the 63 Hz Octave Band shall be in accordance with AHRI Standard 280 b. dB. 4. An adjustment made to the OneThird Octave Band data to account for the subjective response to the presence of tones.12 Tone. "Shall" or "should" shall be interpreted as follows: 3.. expressed in decibels. All standard Sound Power Level ratings shall be determined by tests conducted in a qualified reverberation room. anechoic or hemianechoic room.. The logarithmic summation of A-Weighted. During this phase. 3. Hz.9 "Shall" or "Should".ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 370-2001______________________________________________________________ 3. Application Sound Ratings for conditions other than the AHRI standard thermal rating condition shall be based on sound tests conducted with the equipment operating at those conditions. The tests shall consist of two phases: a. The room shall be qualified for measuring sound containing pure tone components in accordance with ISO 3741. the temperature of the ambient air entering the unit shall be within ± 2.1°C] b. or an indoor or outdoor space that is an essentially free field over a reflecting plane. Where "shall" or "shall not" is used for a provision specified.9. 4. 4. Section 4. One-Third Octave Band levels 3. Sound tests shall be conducted as prescribed below: 4..10 Sound Power Level. LWA.1 A-Weighted Sound Power Level.10.0°F [± 1. a tone is considered to exist within a One-Third Octave Band when the sound level in that band exceeds the average of the levels of the two adjacent bands by 2 dB or more.3 Test Condition Tolerances.1.

000 Hz bands using Equation 2. including Octave Band.  3 0.000 Hz. Octave Band Sound Power Levels shall be determined from the One-Third Octave Band Sound Power Levels by logarithmically summing the three One-Third Octave Bands comprising each Octave Band (Equation 1).1 -1. A-Weighted.5 dB for frequencies above 4.ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 370-2001 When the indoor-side loading is simulated by a method not requiring air.0 +1. the following tolerances apply: Suction gas temperature at compressor………….5 -0.6°C] in the equivalent Standard Rating test specified in the AHRI Standard for the equipment being tested. One-Third Octave Band Sound Power Levels..0 +0.8°C] Evaporator pressure………± 2. 5.2 -26.1 -13.0 psi [±14 kPa] The suction gas superheat must be at least 10°F [5.2 +1. shall be computed from the non-rounded. The AWeighted Sound Power Level shall be calculated from the One-Third Octave Band spectrum by arithmetically applying the A-Weighting Adjustments given in Table 1 to each One-Third Octave Band value and summing the 50 through 10. A-Weighting Adjustments Frequency (Hz) 50 63 80 100 125 160 200 250 315 400 500 630 800 1000 1250 1600 2000 2500 3150 4000 5000 6300 8000 10000 Adjustments (dB) -30.4 m/s]. 5.1 -2.2 Determination of Sound Power Levels.9 -8. 4.5 Section 5.10 ⋅ LWA ( n )   2 LWA =10 log10  10     n=1 ∑ where: LWA = A-Weighted Sound Power Level. A foam windscreen shall be installed on the microphone which shall not affect the microphone response by more than ± 1 dB for frequencies of 20 to 4. dB Sound Power Level. to the nearest decibel.4 Air Velocity at Measurement Positions.3 -22.  N 0.3 Data to be Taken.056 ft/min [5. Sound measurements shall not be made when the air velocity over the microphone exceeds 1.1 -16.2 -1. to the nearest 1. in each of the One-Third Octave Bands comprising the Octave Band 5.2 A-Weighted Sound Power Level. The sound rating shall include two sets of Sound Power Levels.1 Introduction.6 -4.0 dB.2.2 +1.6 -6.8 -3. Rating Requirements 5. Sound data shall be measured and recorded in One-Third Octave Bands (50 to 10.2.000 Hz or ± 1.000 Hz) in accordance with the procedure specified above for the type of test being conducted. and optionally. an A-Weighted Sound Power Level (LWA). a Tone Adjusted A-Weighted Sound Power Level (LWAT).3 +1. one for the complete unit and one for the unit operating with “fans only. dB.4 -10.1 Octave Band Sound Power Levels. where: = LW LW(n) = Octave Band Sound Power Level.± 5.5 -19.0°F [± 2. All Sound Power Levels.10 ⋅ LW ( n )   1 LW = 10 log10  10     n=1 ∑ The resulting A-Weighted Sound Power Level shall be expressed in dB re 1 pW.9 -0. Table 1.” Each set shall be comprised of: Octave Band Sound Power Levels (Lw).6 +1. 4. 3 . The resulting sound power values shall be expressed in dB re 1 pW for each band.8 0 +0. and Tone Adjusted A-Weighted. measured One-Third Octave Band data.

The Tone Adjusted. dB Y = ln F Note: Appendix D lists Tone Adjustment values over a range of frequencies and projections. 5.000991561 Y6 D = log10 (10 (P/10) . Outdoor Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Equipment tested in accordance with this standard shall have Octave Band Sound Power Levels (LW ).000 Hz L′W = Tone Adjusted Sound Power Level for the band.0408822 Y5 + 0. the One-Third Octave Band Sound Power Levels may be published d. dB P = Projection above the average of the two adjacent bands.2) B Section 6.ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 370-2001______________________________________________________________ dB Sound Power Level. A-Weighted Sound Power Level shall be expressed in dB re 1 pW.7439 Y + 29. if necessary.2794 . and a Tone Adjusted A-Weighted Sound Power Level (LWAT) for the complete unit not higher than its Published Rating. dB LW = Original Sound Power Level for the band.6.75. Any Large.3 Tone Adjusted. A-Weighted Sound Power Level. calculate a Tone Adjusted Sound Power Level (L′W) for that One-Third Octave Band using Equation 3: 4 ∑ where: LWAT LWAT(n) = Tone Adjusted.2. 5. to the nearest decibel.3.1 Published Ratings.3. dB = Sound Power Level for the nth One-Third Octave Band.691827 Y4 0. 4 . As a minimum. A-Weighted Sound Power Level shall be determined from the OneThird Octave Band Sound Power spectrum as follows: 5. L′W = LW − P + 10 log10 10 (D + B ) + 1 3 where: ( ) = 76. adjusted for A-Weighting and Tone = Total number of bands summed N See Appendix F for an example calculation of Tone Adjusted. AWeighted Sound Power Level .000 Hz bands using Equation 4. It illustrates the magnitude of the adjustments and provides a means to verify software incorporating Equation 3. A-Weighted Sound Power Level.3. c. Minimum Data Requirements for Published Ratings 6.10 ⋅ LWAT ( n )   LWAT =10 log10  10     n =1 LWA(n) = N = See Appendix E for an example calculation of AWeighted Sound Power Level.2. adjusted for A-Weighting Total number of bands summed comprising the spectrum and sum the 50 through 10.2. The first set shall be for the unit with all components running as are necessary to produce the AHRI standard thermal rating. b. A-Weighted Sound Power Level Optionally. Both sets shall include items a.9803 Y2 . in the nth One-Third Octave Band.3 Rating Tolerances. 5.3. and c while item d may be included at the manufacturer’s option: a.2.1 For each One-Third Octave Band value. dB. b. 5. where 125 Hz ≤ F ≤ 8. Hz. determine the Projection (P) by computing the mathematical average of the two adjacent One-Third Octave Bands and subtracting that value from the One-Third Octave Band being considered. The resulting Tone Adjusted.3 Apply the A-Weighting Adjustment from Table 1 arithmetically to each One-Third Octave Band (as adjusted for Tone.2. Published Ratings (expressed to the nearest decibel) shall include two sets of Sound Power Levels. The Octave Band Sound Power Levels The A-Weighted Sound Power Level The Tone Adjusted.13769 Y3 + 0. The second set shall be for the unit operating with only the fans running.  N 0. an A-Weighted Sound Power Level (LWA).2 Whenever the value of P for the One-Third Octave Band being considered equals or exceeds 2 dB.1) F = Band center frequency. per 5.

Nameplate voltages for 50 Hertz systems shall include one or more of the utilization voltages shown in Table 1 of IEC Standard Publication 60038. model designation. Wherever Application Sound Ratings are published or printed. they shall include a statement of the standard thermal rating conditions at which the ratings apply and be accompanied by the Standard Sound Rating. Section 8. the nameplate shall display the manufacturer’s name. and electrical characteristics. accompanied by the same data for the unit operating with “fans only. Conformance Conditions 8.ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 370-2001 6. 5 . Nameplate voltages for 60 Hertz systems shall include one or more of the equipment nameplate voltage ratings shown in Table 1 of AHRI Standard 110.” All claims to sound ratings within the scope of this standard shall include the statement "Rated in accordance with AHRI Standard 370". conformance shall not be claimed or implied for products or equipment within its Purpose (Section 1) and Scope (Section 2) unless such claims meet all of the requirements of the standard. As a minimum. When AHRI standard thermal rating conditions have been established for the equipment.1 Conformance. Marking and Nameplate Data 7. a standard sound rating shall be published for the unit operating at those conditions. Section 7. All claims to ratings outside the scope of this standard shall include the statement "Outside the scope of AHRI Standard 370". While conformance with this standard is voluntary.1 Marking and Nameplate Data.2 Standard Sound Rating.

Below 100 Hz.7 AHRI Standard 490-98.E. International Organization for Standardization. 2001.Determination of Sound Power Levels of Noise Sources Using Sound Pressure . U. VA 22201. Acoustics .S. . VA 22201. Switzerland. Sound Power Rating of Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Equipment at Low Frequencies . A1.S. 2111 Wilson Blvd.. 1. Acoustics .12 ISO 3745. GA 30329. Switzerland. rue de Varembe. 4th Fl. VA 22201. Suite 500. 3.A. 25 West 43rd Street. A1. International Electrotechnical Commissions. AirConditioning Heating and Refrigeration Institute.2 AHRI Standard 110-2002(Formerly ARI Standard 110-2001).NORMATIVE A1 Listed here are all standards.11 ISO 3744. Case Postale 56 CH-1211 Geneva 20.9 IEC Standard Publication 60038.A.8 ASHRAE Terminology of Heating. Air-Conditioning and Refrigerating Equipment Nameplate Voltages. U. Arlington. IEC Standard Voltages. A1. REFERENCES . Suite 500. NY 10036.1 ANSI Standard S1. Arlington.S. 1995. A1. Suite 500.. A1. Inc.Determination of Sound Power Levels of Noise Sources .10 ISO 3741. A1. 1. A1.A. Air-Conditioning Heating and Refrigeration Institute.5 AHRI Standard 280-95. Remote Mechanical-Draft Air-Cooled Refrigerant Condensers. U. U. 2111 Wilson Blvd.11 1986 (R1993). 2111 Wilson Blvd. Air-Conditioning Heating and Refrigeration Institute.ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 370-2001______________________________________________________________ APPENDIX A. Case Postale 56 CH-1211 Geneva 20. 1991. Suite 500. Second Edition. 1977.INFORMATIVE None.S.. 2111 Wilson Blvd. VA 22201. Arlington. Remote Mechanical-Draft Evaporative Refrigerant Condensers. rue de Varembe.4 AHRI Standard 270-95. Box 131. 1.3 AHRI Standard 250-2001. N.. Sound Rating of Outdoor Unitary Equipment. New York. A1. VA 22201. U. 1791 Tullie Circle.A. Atlanta. 1994.Engineering Method in an Essentially Free Field Over a Reflecting Plane. A1.O. American National Standards Institute. APPENDIX B. Ventilating. VA 22201. International Organization for Standardization. 2111 Wilson Blvd.S. Arlington. A1. Suite 500. Reference Sound Source. U. Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration. All references in this appendix are considered as part of this standard. rue de Varembe. Octave-Band and Fractional Octave-Band Analog and Digital Filters. and other publications essential to the formation and implementation of the standard.Precision Methods for Broad-Band Sources in Reverberation Rooms.A. 1988. 1211 Geneva 20.. A1.. 1983. Refrigerating. 1998. Air-Conditioning Heating and Refrigeration Institute.S. Suite 500.A. U. Air-Conditioning Heating and Refrigeration Institute. and Air-Conditioning Engineers. Arlington. Case Postale 56 CH-1211 Geneva 20. Switzerland. Arlington. American Society of Heating. Air-Conditioning Heating and Refrigeration Institute. U. 2002.S.A. 6 . rue de Varembe.. International Organization for Standardization.S. REFERENCES .. handbooks. A1. P. Switzerland.6 AHRI Standard 460-2000.Determination of Sound Power Levels of Noise Sources .Precision Methods for Anechoic and Semi-Anechoic Rooms. Acoustics .A. 1995. 2000. 2111 Wilson Blvd.

indoor or outdoor area free of reflecting objects other than the reflecting plane.1 The measurement parallelepiped on which the microphones are positioned is an hypothetical surface of area. Purpose C1. C4. C4. terminating on the reflecting plane. this is about 6.1 Purpose.2. This procedure applies to Large Outdoor Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Equipment. Note: Equation C1 calculates an equivalent hemisphere area which is done to give equivalency between the survey method and reverberation room method. Definitions C3.1 Definitions. S.2. The purpose of this appendix is to provide a procedure for determining the Sound Power Levels (LW ) of equipment by measuring sound pressure in an essentially free field over a reflecting plane.2 The area of the measurement surface (S) is given by Equation C1 below: Section C2. In determining the size of the reference parallelepiped. Scope C2.0 m] outward from the reference parallelepiped. Section C4.3. described in Annex A of ISO 3744. C4. C4. m such that L ≥ W (Figures C1 and C2). The test site shall be a flat. The definitions of terms used in this appendix are the same as those set forth in Section 3 of this standard.1) on the reflecting plane.2. For the purposes of this document.3.1 Instrumentation. m W = Width of the measurement parallelepiped.3. m2.0 dB # K2 # + 2.3 The need for and the value of the environmental correction (K2) to account for departures of the test environment from the ideal condition shall be determined using the procedure S = π ( L / 2) ((W / 2) + H ) where: C1 Length of the measurement parallelepiped. The instrumentation and instrumentation systems employed shall meet the requirements of ISO 3744 or ISO 3745. C4.2. as adapted from ISO 3744 or in a free field condition above a reflecting plane in a hemi-anechoic room as adapted from ISO 3745. Section C3. the smallest imaginary rectangular parallelepiped. a.3.3 The key measurement stations shall be located at the mid-point of each of the four sides of the measurement parallelepiped (Figure C1). C4. the value of K2 shall be limited to: . DETERMINING SOUND POWER LEVELS USING SOUND PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS MADE IN A FREE FIELD OVER A REFLECTING PLANE .ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 370-2001 APPENDIX C. The points of sound pressure measurement shall be determined relative to a reference parallelepiped.7 m. Additional intermediate measurement stations shall be added extending outward L = 7 . Test Method C4. m H = Height of the measurement parallelepiped.NORMATIVE Section C1. Note: For 50 Hz. enveloping the machine whose sides and top are parallel to the sides and top of the reference parallelepiped and are spaced at a distance of [1.2 Test Environment. such that the source radiates into a free field over a reflecting plane.1 Scope.0 dB C4. minor projections from the machine which are unlikely to be major radiators of sound energy may be disregarded.3 Microphone Measurement Points.1 The reflecting plane shall extend at least half a wavelength (8/2) (for the lowest frequency of interest) beyond the projection of the measurement surface (Section C4. that will just enclose the machine. C4.2 The site shall meet the qualification requirements of ISO 3744.

ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 370-2001______________________________________________________________ at 1 m intervals (d) from the key stations 8 .

m2 a. ( ) c. in dB. Each of the measured Sound Pressure Levels (Lp(m)) shall be compared to the measured background noise (Lp(b)) at the same position and frequency such that: adjusted by adding the value of the environmental correction.5 m above the reflecting plane. If ΔL > 10. Calculation of Results C5. The second shall be at a level midway between the upper plane and the reflecting plane or 1. recognizing it has a significant background noise component. the measured value LP(m). C4. The measured value shall be used in the analysis. re 20 µPa The total number of measurement positions Then.2. but shall be no greater than 1 m. For each One-Third Octave Band.0.10 ∆ L If ΔL < 6. The distance (f) between the last intermediate and the corner stations may be less than.4 Data to be Taken. If 6. where: 9 . LPf shall be Section C5. averaged over the measurement surface. no adjustment is required b.ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 370-2001 C3 K1 = − 10 log 1−10 −0. b.4. dB Surface Sound Pressure Level in dB. The Sound Pressure Level shall be measured and recorded in each of the One-Third Octave Bands ranging from 50 Hz to 10.000 Hz at each measurement position. dB Sound Pressure Level of the background noise at the measurement point. whichever is less (Figure C2). The Sound Power Level (LW(n) ) characterizing the noise emitted by the source for each One-Third Octave Band shall be calculated as:  S  LW ( n ) = LPf + 10 log   S   0 C6 where: LW(n) = S = Sound Power Level in the nth One-Third Octave Band. (Figure C1).0 m above the top of the reference parallelepiped. the actual value for the unit is indeterminate. C4.10 ⋅ LP ( m )     C4 where: LP = LP(n) = M = Sound Pressure Level for each OneThird Octave Band.0 ≤ ∆L ≤ 10.0. dB Sound Pressure Level of the measured noise signal. the surface Sound Pressure Level. C5.3 Calculation of Sound Power Level.4. as determined from Annex A of ISO 3744 C5. correct the measured value for background noise and calculate the average Sound Pressure Level over the measurement surface (LP) using the following equation:  1 LP =10 log10  M  ∑10 m =1 M 0. K2 to account for departures of the test environment from the ideal condition. re 20 µPa Mean value of environmental correction over the measurement surface in decibels. towards the corners of the measurement parallelepiped.2 An additional measurement run shall be made to determine the background noise level at each measurement position.1 of this standard.1 Correction for Background Noise.2 Calculation of Surface Sound Pressure Level. in dB. Measurements shall be taken at two elevations at each station.1 A full set of measurements shall be taken with the equipment operating in each of the two modes specified in Section 4. The uppermost shall be in a horizontal plane 1. re 20 µPa Sound Pressure Level of the mth measurement.0. such that: LPf = LP − K 2 where: C5 ∆L = LP ( m ) − LP (b ) where: ΔL C2 LPf = K2 = = LP(b) = LP(m) = Then: Difference in Sound Pressure Levels between the measured Sound Pressure Level of the unit and the background noise. C4. however. shall be adjusted by adding the value K1. dB Area of the measurement surface over which the measurements were averaged.

LW(n) by One-Third Octave Band shall be used to determine the equipment sound rating levels as described in Section 5 of this standard.ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 370-2001______________________________________________________________ S0 = Reference surface area = 1 m2 The resulting values for Sound Power Level. 10 .

3 of this standard.6 2.9 5.8 3.1 † 7.8 † 5.9 4. A-Weighted Sound Power Levels in accordance with Section 5.5 3.7 4.9 3.2 5.9 4.6 3.4 4.7 3.8 1.4 1.7 2.4 5.1 0.4 4.9 5.1 0.0 4.6 4.2 0.8 1.0 2.0 3.7 2.7 3.3 4.2 2.1 2.7 3.8 4.0 † † † † † 0.2 4.1 3.2 2.0 4.2 † 7.4 3.1 3.5 † † † † † 0.6 2.7 4.5 4.3 5.3 5.ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 370-2001 APPENDIX D.6 1.4 4.4 2.2 1.8 4.7 4.4 5.3 3.1 4.3 3.0 1.1 2.1 0.2 3.3 † 8.7 3.5 4.8 4.2 5. These data are provided as a means for users of this standard to validate their methodology for calculating Tone Adjusted.1 4.0 † † † † † 0.2 5.1 4.9 3.0 3.4 3.3 3.9 1.9 2. rounded to the nearest 0.0 5.8 4.0 4. 2.5 2.3 5.8 2.5 5.5 2.9 4.5 2.4 5.0 2.1 0.5 3.4 3.8 1.9 3.1 2.7 4.4 4.8 4.0 3.1 5.0 3.1 3.8 3.9 3.4 3.8 2.1 4.1 5.5 1.0 4.5 2.6 4.7 1.1 2.1 5. 11 .5 4.4 † † Tone Adjustments are not applicable to frequencies below 160 Hz or above 8000 Hz.6 3.7 2.5 5.2 3.7 4.6 † 3.6 3.4 5.9 5.5 1.9 4.0 5.7 4.1 0.0 4.8 5.9 † 6.5 † † † † † 0.7 4.1 4.8 3.3 5.8 4.6 2.2 4.1 0.6 3.0 5.3 2.3 5.0 3.1 1.5 † † † † † 0.5 2.2 3.3 3.2 5.3 1.9 1.3 5.9 1.0 † 6.7 5.7 2.3 2.2 3.0 4. TONE ADJUSTMENTS AT ONE-THIRD OCTAVE BAND FREQUENCIES FOR SPECIFIC VALUES OF PROJECTION (P) – INFORMATIVE D1 Listed in this table are Tone Adjustments at One-Third Octave Band frequencies for specific values of projection (P) .0 1.4 5.5 4.8 2.2 1.8 3.0 † † † † † 0.4 3.4 † 4.1 5.0 1.3 2.7 2.0 † † † † † 0.1 0.3 3.2 1.7 4.5 † † † † † 0.6 3.0 5.5 † † † † † 0.7 1.4 4.2 1.1 5.0 † † † † † 0.5 5.6 3.1 0.0 4.3 2. One-Third Octave Band Adjustments for Tone Response One-Third Octave Band Frequency 50 63 80 100 125 160 200 250 315 400 500 630 800 1000 1250 1600 2000 2500 3150 4000 5000 6300 8000 10000 Projection of One-Third Octave Band above the arithmetic average of the two adjacent bands.8 3.5 3.1 0.7 3.0 5.0 † † † † † 0.2 † 4.3 4.2 1.6 2.0 4.7 4.5 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.2 4.6 4.7 4.0 4.4 4.1 dB.5 0.2 3.4 2.2 † 2.5 4.3 3.1 3.3 4.7 4.0 † † † † † 0.3 3.2.6 3.6 3.4 1.6 † 5.9 † 3.5 † † † † † 0.2 5.3 2. Table D1.4 5.0 5.2 4.6 2.5 4.0 1.0 3.6 4.3 4.4 5.

0 +0.1 86.8 -3.500 3.2 82.2 +1.992 1.621.10 ⋅ L WA ( n ) = APPENDIX F.800.2 -1.1 -16.810 5.0 81.5 76.000 Equipment Sound Power Level (dB re 1 pW) 92.5 A-Weighted Sound Power Level (dB re 1 pW) 62.268.1 83.1 87.153.4 A-Weighting Adjustment.071.951.11 25 256 790 939 Then.6 97.829 91.621.336 3.6 92.0 91.031.5 68.830.651. LWA = 10 [log 10 (25.6 -4.872.230.1 -13.131.084 645.2 77.2 102.763.5 79.ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 370-2001______________________________________________________________ APPENDIX E.011.2 +1.000 6.771 1.3 -22.6 101.019.1 90.720 1.4 -10.9 90.0 78.737.9 24 10 0.6 -6.0 96.229 831.9 -8.981.5 97.292.201.9 95.790. using Equation 2.890.583 3.097 537.8 92.000* 5.1 -1.023.5 97. EXAMPLE CALCULATION OF TONE ADJUSTED.319 74.706 3. A12 .230.799 158.2 90.0 98.700.000* 10.0 99.4 84.829 1.9 -0.4 65.2 -26. dB (from Table 1) -30.0 94.300 8.7 74.268.000* 2.3 88. Example Calculation of A-Weighted Sound Power Level One-Third Octave Band Center Frequency (Hz) 50 63* 80 100 125* 160 200 250* 315 400 500* 630 800 1.621 1.024 56.451 * Indicates center frequencies as specified in ANSI S1.02 or 104 dB ∑10 n =1 0.1 67.1 87.183.771 1.888.250 1.150 4.026.133 43.9 92.7 77.654.0 97.771 1.148.939)] = 104.0 78.10 ⋅ LWA ( n ) 1.1 89.4 90.859 5.8 0 +0.INFORMATIVE Table E1.256.7 104.819.0 +1.4 90.796 691.6 92.3 +1.5 -0.810.000* 1.437 28.4 100.6 +1.600 2.6 77.6 88.971 263.1 -2. EXAMPLE CALCULATION OF A-WEIGHTED SOUND POWER LEVEL .234.3 94.5 -19.2 97.489.

9 92. Example Calculation of Tone Adjusted.0 65.548.352.023.715.451 * Indicates center frequencies as specified in ANSI S1.796 1.7 104.131.319 74. A-Weighted Sound Power Level (dB re 1 pW) 62.230.268.829 1.6 +1.7 77.6 99.4 100.0 98.201.291 537.4 Tone Adjustment (from Equation 3) -----0.859 8.9 90.000* 5.1 ----+3.10 ⋅ L WAT ( n ) = 31.5 81.000 6.9 -0.951.148.0 81.6 77.6 88.2 -26.5 ----+4.1 -16.2 -1.4 90.2 77.6 -+3.031.024 56.621 3.344 831.3 91.0 97.8 92. LWAT = 10 [log 10 (31.019.000* 10.0 94.0 78.2 +1.621.2 82.680)] = 104.11 ∑10 n =1 24 0.250 1.000* 1.6 95.97 or 105 dB 13 .437 28.10 ⋅ LWAT ( n ) 10 1.0 +1.9 0.9 95.0 91.1 90.150 4.700.183.000 Equipment Sound Power Level (dB re 1 pW) 92.5 79.6 -4.000* 2. using Equation 4.890.162 3.2 90.816.957.1 -----+2.7 74.5 97.0 99.391.6 92.292.026.295.619 263.600 2.5 -19.300 8.888.128.153.295.2 +1.9 -8.6 -A-Weighting Adjustment (from Table 1) -30.2 102.071.3 94.133 125.981.1 96.5 Tone Adjusted.771 1.230.489.1 83.800.706 3.1 -1.771 1.810 5.0 89.9 84.234.5 -0.737.4 90.1 -13. A-Weighted Sound Power Level One-Third Octave Band Center Frequency (Hz) 50 63* 80 100 125* 160 200 250* 315 400 500* 630 800 1.763.799 158.0 +0.680 Then.6 101.5 68.ANSI/AHRI STANDARD 370-2001 WEIGHTED SOUND POWER LEVELS – INFORMATIVE Table F1.084 630.8 0 +0.1 87.0 78.500 3.6 -6.892.7 87.1 -2.3 -22.771 1.541 3.819.992 1.305.1 86.8 -3.268.5 97.829 91.3 +1.4 -10.2 97.1 67.720 1.391.

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