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LEGALIZE IT

The State of U.S.


Cannabis Laws
A
Your guide to what’s merica’s pro-cannabis percent THC. With all these changes, it
legal across the country. sentiment seems to be can be difficult to know what you’re al-
growing like, well, a weed. lowed to use and where you’re allowed
Currently, 33 states have to use it. To claify what is legal where
adopted some form of a medical mari- you live, we consulted with Americans
juana program. There are also 11 states For Safe Access, the nation’s largest
that have approved adult use, as has member-based organization of patients,
Washington, D.C. Meanwhile, thanks medical professionals, scientists and
to the 2018 Farm Bill, hemp-derived concerned citizens promoting safe and
CBD products are now available nation- legal cannabis access. They’ve compiled
wide as long as they contain less than .3 this list of marijuana laws in every state.

WA

MT ME
ND

OR MN VT
ID NH
SD WI NY MA
WY MI CT
RI
IA PA
NV NE
OH MD NJ
UT IL IN
CO WV DE
CA KS VA
MO *DC
KY

NC
TN
AZ OK
NM AR SC

AL GA
MS

LA
TX

AK
FL

ADULT & MEDICAL USE PERMITTED


HI MEDICAL USE PERMITTED
LIMITED MEDICAL USE PERMITTED
NO ADULT OR MEDICAL USE PERMITTED

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It can reportedly cost
professional growers
up to $75 per square
foot to produce
cannabis indoors.

the option to have others possess up to 2 ounces.


ALABAMA ARIZONA added by the Department Sales tax on medical
LIMITED MEDICAL MEDICAL
USE PERMITTED USE PERMITTED of Health. Home cultivation cannabis is 2.9%; it’s 15%
is not permitted. for other sales. There are
Hemp-derived CBD with Patients with ID cards can 10 qualifying conditions;
not more than 0.3% THC on purchase up to 2.5 ounces more can be added
a dry-weight basis can be per 14-day period. Allowed CALIFORNIA by petition or through
ADULT & MEDICAL
legally produced, sold and forms include flower, edibles, USE PERMITTED legislation. No medical
possessed in the state of topicals and capsules. One reciprocity with other
Alabama. This expands on dispensary is allowed for Adults over 21 may states. Home cultivation
Leni’s Law and Carly’s Law, every 10 pharmacies; limited purchase up to 1 ounce of is permitted.
which only allowed limited delivery is allowed. There cannabis. Medical patients
patient populations to use an are 14 approved conditions; may purchase up to 8
affirmative defense for CBD. more may be added by ounces. Medical cannabis CONNECTICUT
MEDICAL
petition. Home cultivation is not subject to sales or USE PERMITTED
is permitted. use tax. California has an
ALASKA enumerated-conditions list Patients may purchase
ADULT & MEDICAL
USE PERMITTED
in limited situations. but allows medical access up to 2.5 ounces per
ARKANSAS for any condition that limits month from a designated
MEDICAL
Adults may possess up to USE PERMITTED a patient’s ability to conduct dispensary, unless a
1 ounce of cannabis under major life activities. Home physician indicates another
adult-use laws. There are Dispensaries are not yet cultivation is permitted. amount is appropriate.
nine qualifying conditions operational, but patients There are 29 qualifying
for medical patients; more with a physician-approved conditions, with a separate
may be added by petition. card will be able to possess COLORADO list for minors, who must
ADULT & MEDICAL
Patients with an ID card 2.5 ounces of cannabis USE PERMITTED see two physicians.
may obtain multiple per 14-day period. Allows Reciprocity, delivery
forms of cannabis. Home for reciprocity and has Adults may possess up and home cultivation
cultivation is permitted. approved 19 conditions with to 1 ounce; patients may are not permitted.

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LEGALIZE IT

DELAWARE Total spending at INDIANA


MEDICAL U.S. dispensaries LIMITED MEDICAL
USE PERMITTED hit $10.5 billion USE PERMITTED
in 2018.

Card-carrying patients Any person may


may purchase up to purchase hemp-derived
3 ounces per 14 days from CBD if it contains 0.3%
compassion centers and THC or less and meets strict
may possess up to 6 ounces. packaging requirements.
Medical cannabis is not Possession of up to
taxed. Delivery is 30 grams of cannabis with
permitted through more than 0.3% THC is a
caregivers. There are misdemeanor with a fine up
16 qualifying conditions; to $5,000 or a year in jail.
more can be added by
petition. Home cultivation
and reciprocity are IOWA
LIMITED MEDICAL
not permitted. USE PERMITTED

DISTRICT OF Patients with at least


COLUMBIA GEORGIA IDAHO one of 15 qualifying
ADULT & MEDICAL MEDICAL NO ADULT OR MEDICAL
USE PERMITTED USE PERMITTED conditions may register for
USE PERMITTED
a medical CBD card that
Patients may purchase Doctors can recommend Outside of what is allows them to possess up to
up to 4 ounces every 30 extracts with up to permitted by the 2018 Farm 32 fluid ounces of medical
days. Doctors decide if 5% THC for 16 qualifying Bill, Idaho has no laws cannabidiol. Oral, topical
cannabis is appropriate conditions. Patients may concerning the medical or and nebulized inhaled
for patients. D.C. allows possess and purchase adult use of cannabis. forms are permitted,
reciprocity for 17 states. up to 20 ounces of as are rectal/vaginal
Adults 21 and over may low-THC oil through a suppositories. The CBD
possess up to 2 ounces and to-be-established state ILLINOIS must be purchased from
MEDICAL
may give or receive up to distribution system. For USE PERMITTED one of five dispensaries.
1 ounce as a gift. Home those without a doctor’s
cultivation is permitted. recommendation and an Beginning January 1, 2020
ID card, possession of up to Illinois residents over 21 may KANSAS
LIMITED MEDICAL
1 ounce is a misdemeanor. possess up to 30 grams of USE PERMITTED
FLORIDA cannabis, and non-residents
MEDICAL
USE PERMITTED may possess up to 15 grams. Kansas residents can
HAWAII In the interim, veterans re- purchase and possess
MEDICAL
Patients must purchase USE PERMITTED ceiving care at the VA and CBD products as long as
cannabis from a medical physician-certified patients the product contains 0%
marijuana treatment Card-carrying patients with an ID card may pur- THC. (Note: It is incredibly
center. They can purchase a may purchase up to chase up to 2.5 ounces per difficult for products to be
70-day supply in the amount 4 ounces per 15-day 14-day period. There are 41 compliant with this law, as
determined by a doctor period. There are 13 qualifying conditions. People many CBD products have at
that has satisfied cannabis qualifying conditions. who have or could obtain an least traces of THC.)
education requirements. Home cultivation is opioid prescription may ob-
There are 12 qualifying permitted, but will be phased tain cannabis instead. Home
conditions. Seasonal out once more dispensaries cultivation for patients and KENTUCKY
LIMITED MEDICAL
residents can obtain registry are operational. Patient other changes including how USE PERMITTED
cards. Allowable forms ID cards may be valid patients are taxed will go
now include oils, vaping, for up to three years, and into effect next year with the Patients may obtain CBD
sprays, pills and flowers. reciprocity is allowed. State’s new adult use law. products that contain no

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more than 0.3% THC for cannabis for any condition/ dispensaries in the state. may purchase cannabis
medical purposes with the symptom it can alleviate. There are 13 qualifying from a dispensary. Home
written order of a physician Patients may purchase conditions; more may cultivation and delivery
at a hospital or a public up to 120 grams per 30-day be added by the health are also permitted.
university clinic. There period. Registration commissioner. Patients Reciprocity is not offered.
are no limits on qualifying is required. ID cards are do not need ID cards but
conditions, but there is also not required, but they must certify with the state.
no distribution network are valid for two years Smokable cannabis is not NEBRASKA
NO ADULT OR MEDICAL
within the state. and can be used for available and reciprocity USE PERMITTED
reciprocity purposes. is not offered.
Edibles are not permitted. Notwithstanding
LOUISIANA the provisions of the
MEDICAL MISSISSIPPI 2018 Farm Bill and the
USE PERMITTED LIMITED MEDICAL
MASSACHUSETTS decriminalization of the
ADULT & MEDICAL USE PERMITTED
While program USE PERMITTED possession of 1 ounce or
implementation has been Legal protection less, cannabis is not legal
significantly delayed, Patients may purchase for possession of CBD in any form in Nebraska.
medical cannabis should be a 60-day supply tax-free oil is only available to
available to card-holding from a state-licensed patients diagnosed with
patients in mid-2019. There dispensary. Cannabis can a debilitating epileptic NEVADA
ADULT & MEDICAL
are 16 qualifying conditions. be used for any condition condition or related illness. USE PERMITTED
Southern University and that negatively affects The oil must contain more
Louisiana State University a patient’s major life than 15% CBD and Adults may possess up
will cultivate the cannabis, function. Adult consumers must be produced and to 1 ounce of cannabis.
which will be distributed may possess up to 1 ounce dispensed by the National Patients with ID cards can
by up to 10 pharmacies in public. Home cultivation Center for Natural purchase up to 2.5 ounces
across the state. Neither is permitted, but home Products Research at the per 14-day period. Non-
smoking nor vaporizing cultivators cannot also University of Mississippi. medical cannabis carries a
cannabis is allowed. purchase from dispensaries. 10% excise tax. Reciprocity
is permitted with a valid
MISSOURI ID card. Home cultivation
MAINE MEDICAL
MICHIGAN is permitted; patients
ADULT & MEDICAL USE PERMITTED
ADULT & MEDICAL
USE PERMITTED may exceed standard
USE PERMITTED
While dispensaries are not cultivation limits in specific
Patients may possess Adults may possess operational yet, patients will circumstances.
up to 2.5 ounces. ID cards 2.5 ounces of cannabis be able to purchase up to
are not required. Maine regardless of patient status. 4 ounces per month. The tax
now allows patients to use Card-carrying patients rate will be 4%. Applications NEW HAMPSHIRE
MEDICAL
cannabis for any condition may cultivate cannabis can be submitted starting USE PERMITTED
for which it can provide or purchase up to 2.5 ounces in July 2019. Doctors may
therapeutic benefit. per day (capped at 10 recommend cannabis Medical cannabis is only
Home cultivation ounces per month) from for any condition. Home available from four state-
is permitted. Legislative a provision center. Delivery cultivation is permitted. run alternative-treatment
delays have prevented to medical patients is centers. Patients can
adult-use stores from permitted. There are purchase up to 2 ounces
becoming fully operational. 13 qualifying conditions. MONTANA per 10-day period and
MEDICAL
USE PERMITTED must have their card in
their possession whenever
MARYLAND MINNESOTA
Registered patients they possess cannabis or
MEDICAL MEDICAL
USE PERMITTED USE PERMITTED may possess up to 1 ounce be subject to penalties.
of cannabis. The state There are 22 qualifying
Permits doctors to Patients may purchase has approved 12 qualifying conditions. Home cultivation
recommend medical cannabis from eight conditions. Patients is not permitted.

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LEGALIZE IT

treatments unsuccessfully
Flower could OREGON
soon comprise to qualify. The extract must
ADULT & MEDICAL
only about be obtained elsewhere, USE PERMITTED
10 percent of because there is no in-state
cannabis sales.
distribution system. Adults may purchase
and possess up to 1 ounce
per day. The tax rate
NORTH DAKOTA is 17%. Patients may buy
MEDICAL
USE PERMITTED up to 8 ounces per
purchase, with a cap of
Patients may purchase up 32 ounces per month;
to 2.5 ounces per month from possession is limited to
a dispensary with a registry 24 ounces. There are 10
identification card. While qualifying conditions. Home
locations for dispensaries cultivation and delivery are
have been selected, they permitted; reciprocity is not.
have not yet produced
their first crop. There are
19 qualifying conditions. PENNSYLVANIA
MEDICAL
USE PERMITTED

OHIO Patients with an


MEDICAL
USE PERMITTED ID card may possess a
NEW JERSEY NEW YORK 30-day supply of cannabis.
MEDICAL MEDICAL
USE PERMITTED USE PERMITTED The patient registry While smoking remains
opened in December 2018, prohibited, certain
Patients may purchase Medical providers so dispensaries are not dispensaries have begun
up to 2 ounces per 30-day determine how much yet operational. There are to sell dry leaf cannabis for
period from alternative- cannabis a card-carrying 20 qualifying conditions. vaporization. Patients may
treatment centers at patient may purchase every Smokable cannabis and obtain a registry card for
a tax rate of 7%. ID cards 30 days. There are 20- home cultivation are not 17 conditions. The program
are required. There are plus approved conditions, permitted. Patients may buy is limited to Pennsylvania
18 qualifying conditions, including opioid-use up to 8 ounces per 90-day residents; home cultivation
including substance-use disorder and any condition period. Government-issued is prohibited.
disorder. Home cultivation for which an opioid could ID and registration cards
and reciprocity are be prescribed. Medical are required.
not permitted. cannabis is only available RHODE ISLAND
MEDICAL
in capsule, liquid, oil and USE PERMITTED
vaporizable forms. Home OKLAHOMA
NEW MEXICO MEDICAL
cultivation is prohibited. USE PERMITTED The state program
MEDICAL
USE PERMITTED allows individuals to
There are no purchase purchase cannabis from
Patients may purchase up NORTH CAROLINA limits on card-carrying one of three state
LIMITED MEDICAL
to 8 ounces every 90 days USE PERMITTED patients, but possession compassion centers with
from dispensaries. ID cards is limited to 3 ounces at a an ID card. Home cultivation
are required and can be Until the program time. There are no qualifying is permitted, but each plant
obtained for free. The state sunsets in 2021, patients conditions; physicians must be tagged by the
has approved more than with intractable epilepsy may recommend cannabis Department of Health.
20 qualifying conditions. may possess low-THC under reasonably prudent As of January 1, 2019,
Delivery and home extracts with less than standards. The sales tax patients are now required
cultivation are permitted 0.9% THC and at least rate on medical cannabis is to decide between home
with a production license. 5% CBD. Patients must 7%. Reciprocity and home cultivation or cultivation
Reciprocity is not allowed. have tried three traditional cultivation are permitted. by a caregiver. Home

18 MEDICAL MARIJUANA
cultivation is permitted,
TEXAS VIRGINIA WEST VIRGINIA
but each plant must be LIMITED MEDICAL LIMITED MEDICAL MEDICAL
tagged by the Department USE PERMITTED USE PERMITTED USE PERMITTED
of Health. Meanwhile, card-
carrying patients Low-THC cannabis Patients who have a Once dispensaries are
may purchase up to (0.5% or less THC and 10% physician’s recommendation operational, patients will
2.5 ounces of cannabis or more CBD) is available to and pharmacy-board be able to purchase up to a
rom state compassion registered epilepsy patients registration may purchase 30-day supply of cannabis.
centers every 15 days. and caregivers from one a 90-day supply of CBD Dry flower will not be
The total possession limit of the three operating or THC-A extracts from available. The issuance of
per patient at any given dispensaries. No registry one of five pharmaceutical registration cards will begin
time is also 2.5 ounces. or ID card is needed. processors. Physicians in July 2019. There are 15
Physicians must provide may recommend the qualifying conditions, and
dosing recommendations extracts for any condition the state may add more.
SOUTH CAROLINA and set possession limits or disease. The extracts  
LIMITED MEDICAL
USE PERMITTED with each cannabis must contain at least
WISCONSIN
recommendation. 15% CBD or THC-A and LIMITED MEDICAL
Patients with Lennox- no more than 5% THC. USE PERMITTED
Gastaut syndrome, Dravet
syndrome or another form of UTAH The Wisconsin Attorney
MEDICAL
refractory epilepsy can use USE PERMITTED General has stated that
medical CBD products with a physicians may recommend
physician’s recommendation. Until 2021, patients who CBD products for patients
These products must contain are diagnosed with a with seizure disorders.
more than 15% CBD and no qualifying condition by Retailers may sell CBD
more than 0.9% THC. There a provider with whom products that are compliant
is no effective distribution they have an existing with the 2014 and 2018
system for medical CBD relationship may possess Farm Bill.
products in the state. medical cannabis without
an ID card. Seven state-
There are at least WYOMING
run pharmacies will begin 779 different
SOUTH DAKOTA LIMITED MEDICAL
operating after March 1, cannabis strains USE PERMITTED
NO ADULT OR MEDICAL
2020. Home cultivation in the world.
USE PERMITTED
is not permitted. Patients with intractable
Outside of what is epilepsy and seizure
permitted by the 2018 Farm WASHINGTON disorders are allowed
VERMONT ADULT & MEDICAL
Bill, South Dakota has no USE PERMITTED to possess CBD extracts
ADULT & MEDICAL
laws concerning the medical USE PERMITTED made from industrial hemp
or adult use of cannabis. Adults may purchase up to after registering with the
Adults may grow, 1 ounce per day; registered Department of Health. The
possess and consume patients may purchase extracts must contain less
TENNESSEE cannabis. While there are up to 3 ounces per day for than 0.3% THC and more
LIMITED MEDICAL
USE PERMITTED five medical dispensaries 16 qualifying conditions. than 15% CBD. It is still
throughout the state, Regulation of medical and difficult for patients to find
With a doctor’s there are no storefronts adult use cannabis falls in-state sources of CBD oil.
recommendation, patients for retail sales. Patients under the jurisdiction of the
who suffer from intractable can cultivate cannabis Washington State Liquor
seizures can use CBD-rich or buy from dispensaries, and Cannabis Board. All
extracts with less than 0.9% but they cannot do cannabis sales are subject
THC. The plants from which both. Patients may to a 37% excise tax, but
For more information
the CBD is extracted must possess up to 2 ounces patients are not required about ASA’s services, go to
be grown and processed by of cannabis. There are to pay sales tax. Home americansforsafeaccess.org
a state university. 12 qualifying conditions. cultivation is not permitted.

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