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Continuous Staircase (Imposed Load = 1.

5kN/m2)
Assumption Symbol
Concrete Grade fcu = 25 N/mm2
Concrete Unit Weight γcu = 24 kN/m3
Concrete Cover c = 25 mm
Steel Grade fy = 460 N/mm2
Riser R = 178 mm
Tread T = 279 mm
Length of landing LL = 1600 mm
Span/Effective depth ratio l/d = 26
Finishes - = 1.0 kN/m2
*thickness dominant *rebar dominant
Study Case Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 Case 4 Case 5 Study Case Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 Case 4 Case 5
Span Span
Total Span Length m 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 Total Span Length m 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0
Length for Flight m 2.4 2.9 3.4 3.9 4.4 Length for Flight m 2.4 2.9 3.4 3.9 4.4
Dead Load (Flight) kN/m2 7.41 8.11 8.11 8.83 8.83 Dead Load (Flight) kN/m2 6.74 7.41 7.41 8.11 8.11
2 2
Dead Load (Landing) kN/m 4.60 5.20 5.20 5.80 5.80 Dead Load (Landing) kN/m 4.00 4.60 4.60 5.20 5.20
Imposed Load kN/m2 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 Imposed Load kN/m2 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50 1.50

High Tensile High Tensile


Waist thickness mm 150 175 175 200 200 Waist thickness mm 125 150 150 175 175
Main Reinforcement mm T10-125 T12-150 T12-125 T12-125 T16-175 Main Reinforcement mm T12-125 T12-150 T16-150 T16-175 T20-150
Distribution Reinforcement mm T10-250 T10-250 T10-250 T10-250 T10-250 Distribution Reinforcement mm T10-250 T10-250 T10-250 T10-250 T10-250

Sectional Area Sectional Area


Bending Moment, M1 kNm/m 23.20 32.30 40.50 53.20 63.80 Bending Moment, M1 kNm/m 21.40 30.00 37.50 49.50 59.40
Main area required (As,req) mm2/m 524 606 777 865 1078 Main area required (As,req) mm2/m 648 704 933 995 1263
2 2
Distribution rebar required (As,min) mm /m 228 228 227.5 260 260 Distribution rebar required (As,min) mm /m 163 195 195 228 228
2 2
Main area provided mm /m 628 646 905 905 1149 Main area provided mm /m 905 754 1340 1149 2094
Distribution rebar provided mm2/m 314 314 314 314 314 Distribution rebar provided mm2/m 314 314 314 314 314

Deflection Deflection
Bending Moment, M2 kNm/m 12.20 17.30 21.90 29.00 35.00 Bending Moment, M2 kNm/m 11.20 16.00 20.30 27.00 32.60
Actual span/effective depth - 33.33 31.25 34.72 32.54 35.93 Actual span/effective depth - 42.55 37.82 42.74 38.73 42.86
Allowable span/effective depth - 48.01 43.67 43.64 40.34 38.31 Allowable span/effective depth - 46.01 39.85 43.99 39.97 44.84

Shear Shear
Critical Shear, V kN/m 30.10 37.00 41.40 49.30 54.00 Critical Shear, V kN/m 27.80 34.30 38.40 45.90 54.00
Actual shear stress N/mm2 0.25 0.26 0.29 0.29 0.32 Actual shear stress N/mm2 0.30 0.29 0.33 0.32 0.39
Allowable shear stress N/mm2 0.69 0.62 0.70 0.64 0.69 Allowable shear stress N/mm2 0.90 0.73 0.90 0.76 0.94

Cracking Cracking
Actual clear spacing mm 115 163 113 113 159 Actual clear spacing mm 113 138 117 159 130
Allowable clear spacing mm 184 163 179 160 163 Allowable clear spacing mm 214 164 220 177 254

Reaction Reaction
R1 G kN/m 17.20 21.60 24.20 29.30 32.20 R1 G kN/m 15.60 19.70 22.10 28.90 29.50
Q kN/m 3.70 4.20 4.70 5.20 5.60 Q kN/m 3.70 4.20 4.70 5.20 5.60
R2 G kN/m 7.90 10.20 11.60 14.40 16.00 R2 G kN/m 7.00 9.20 10.50 15.70 14.50
Q kN/m 2.20 2.50 2.80 3.10 3.40 Q kN/m 2.20 2.50 2.80 3.10 3.40