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INTRODUCTION MU
NIT
As the city grows in size, some areas within it assume homogeneous Y
qualities that we have identified as neighborhoods.
The neighborhood unit is not some sociological phenomenon; it
CE
embraces no particular theories of social science. It is simply a physical
environment in which a mother knows that her child will have no traffic NT
streets to cross on his way to school-a school that is within easy walking RE
distance from home. It is an environment in which the housewife may
have an easy walk to shopping center where she may obtain the daily AT
household goods and employed persons may find convenient
transportation to from work. RO
It is an environment in which a well equipped playground is located
HI
near the home where the children may play in safety with their friends;
the parents may not care to maintain intimate friendships with their NI
neighbors but children are so inclined, and they need the facilities of
recreation for the healthy development of their mind and spirit. NE
According to Perry the neighborhood unit would occupy about 160acers W
and have shopping facilities, churches/temples, a library and a
community centre would serve a shape that would render it unnecessary DE
for any child to walk a distance of more than one-half mile to school the
LHI
unit.
It means community centre is part and parcel of neighborhood or a
particular community. It is an institution that works for the community
to bridge the gap that exists between different people by bringing them
together. Community centres promoter the development of a diverse
range of social and recreational opportunities for all members of local
community, these provides community groups with venues for their
meetings and activities and provide places for government and
nongovernmental agencies to provide their services to the local
community. These centers are the places, which can be drawn upon by
all groups and individuals for information ideas and resources where
community can meet, share thoughts and explore new and different
avenues of recreation, socialize and become involved. These centers now
provide a wide range of services depends on local community needs. The
services include the full range from crisis and support

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services, though to group activities, need analysis, advocacy, policy or MU
resource development and community education. NIT
Y
A Community Centre may be defined as a building which (1) serves a
community organized in an association which is responsible for the
management of the building; and (2) provides facilities for the CE
development of the recreational, cultural and personal welfare of NT
members of that community; and (3) constitutes a meeting place for RE
voluntary organizations or other groups in the community which need
accommodation. AT
A Community Association may be defined as a voluntary association of
neighbors democratically organized within a geographical area which
constitutes a natural community, who have come together either as RO
members of existing organizations or as individuals, or in both HI
capacities, to provide for themselves and their community the services NI
which the neighborhood requires.
A community center should be regarded as an essential amenity of NE
normal community living in normal circumstances. W
The provision of communal facilities for the rational an enjoyable use of
leisure is a necessary part of the country's education system; and
Voluntary effort, unaided, is quite incapable of meeting the needs for DE
social and recreational facilities. LHI

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WHY I SELECTED THIS TOPIC ? NIT
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The developing countries are passing through an era of great social
change in which people require their daily facilities on a single platform
CE
due to hectic life. Due to fast moving life in urban areas people don’t
know each other even if they live next door. This gap between different NT
classes of people is increasing smoothly. Families are running towards RE
nuclear families, kids are not getting proper care, youths feel themselves
unhealthy and adults find themselves alone in a family. It is said India is AT
a country where culture echoes, traditions speak, beauty enthralls,
community gathers and diversity delights. As far as I think presently RO
these quotations with respect to India are being shine less due to
HI
industrialization and urbanization. So it is necessary for the community
to provide them a platform that can work for community to bridge the NI
gap that exists between different people by bringing them together and
that can promote the development of a diverse range of social and NE
recreational opportunity for all members of local community. W

DE
LHI

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ABOUT THE PROJECT NIT
Y
A community centre is proposed at Rohini (sector-7) in New Delhi. It
will comprise of basic facilities as shopping (retail, service, repair),
CE
informal shopping, commercial and professional offices, day care centre,
banks, restaurants, cinema hall, guesthouses, nursing homes, NT
community library etc. RE

AT

RO
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NI

NE
W

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AIMS &OBJECTIVES Y
 To study of community centre with respect to their functions and CE
social challenge.
NT
 To study it’s various services. RE

 The encouragement of and provision for social contact; AT

 The development of groups with an educational purpose; and RO


HI
 Efforts to co-ordinate and extend local services. NI
 And finally to project out the community centre as a thesis
NE
project.
W

DE
LHI

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SITE ANALYSIS MU
NIT
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The site for the concerned thesis project exists in North-Western part of
New Delhi which is capital city of India since years. Geographical
location of the Delhi is as follows; CE
LATITUDE _ 28-36’N NT
LONGITUDE _ 77-12’E RE

AT

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LOCATION

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The actual location of site is in Rohini sector-7, about 500m. away NIT
towards left side from the main road over which metro track runs by
Y
supporting columns, which are located on the divider of the 45m. wide
road (Mahaveer Marg) which connects entire portion of Rohini to the
outer ring road. This site is 800m. away from Depali Chowk and CE
Madhuban Chowk, and app. 400m. away from nearest village known as NT
Naharpur. RE

AT

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NI

NE
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PLOT SIZE, SHAPE AND EXISTING STRUCTURE

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The site of community centre is perfectly rectangular in shape measures NIT
214.2m.x155.5m. (App. Area=3.35HAC) is divided into two segments by Y
a 13.5m. wide temporary road. Large segment is perfect square (and
will be used for this project) in shape, while smaller segment is
rectangular in shape and entire site is surrounded by road from three CE
sides. NT
RE

AT

RO
HI
NI

NE
W

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NIT
Existing police Y
station building
is being seen in CE
this(left above) NT
photograph. RE

AT

RO
HI
NI
Plot size of the
site is being seen NE
in right side W
photograph from
a roof of a nearest DE
residence.
LHI

Existing post
office building is
being seen in
this(left)
photograph.

ACCESSIBILITY

The site is within comfortable accessible range for the residents of


Rohini zone because all the sectors including sector-7 are based on grid-

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iron pattern. Since site for community centre is located in the MU
geographic center of the sector. NIT
Y

CE
NT
RE
This photograph is
showing 30m. wide
road, which passes AT
through Naharpur
village starts from RO
Deepali Chowk. HI
NI

NE
W

DE
LHI
45m. wide road is
being seen known as
Mahaveer Marg with
metro track
supported on columns
are major
transportation
facilities for the site.

SURROUNDINGS OR PHYSICAL CONTEXT

The sector has mix of low income and middle-income categories with
predominance of the lower income category. The development is mainly
plotted with 25sqm, 32sqm, 48sqm, 60sqm, and 90sqm plots. Naharpur
village also falls in sector-7. On the South- Western an overhead tank,
North- Eastern and South- Western sides mostly have three to four
storied plotted developments, dominates side.

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Children’s park is CE
being seen which NT
exists Southern side RE
of the site along
18m. wide road and
inWhatever
front of post
AT
is being
office.
seen in These
photographs are
RO
surrounding HI
development NI
which is under
construction or
This photograph NE
new development, W
shows surrounding
above(left side)
plotted development
photograph
and topography of
shows three story
DE
the site. LHI
residences, (left
side) middle
photograph
shows a latest
constructed
cinema hall on
30m. wide road
which passes
through
Naharpur village,
while upcoming
three storied
residential
development is
being seen in
given( left side)
below
photograph.

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W

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GEOGRAPHIC PHEMENON

Site is nearly flat and a gentle slope towards the center is occurred
bearing capacity of the soil is 10-12tons/sm.there is no strong vegetation
in around the site. Soil has good absorbing capacity of storm water,
ground water level is not so much deep due to Jamuna river but this
water level can be maintained by water harvesting techniques. Site soil
is sandy various types of trees such as ASHOKA, CHAMPA, BOTTLE
PALM, PIPPAL, NEEM, DHAK, NIMBU, SISHAM etc. can be easily
planted.

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This photograph MU
shows topography NIT
and soil nature of Y
the site as well as
no vegetation in
CE
the site is presently
exists. NT
RE

AT

RO
HI
In this NI
photograph
surrounding NE
vegetation is W
being seen.
DE
LHI

INFRASTRUCTURE FACILITIES

 Site is surrounded by 18m. and 13.5m. wide road towards east


corner and west corner of the site respectively, and north eastern
side of site having an 18m. wide road which connects sector-7 to
sector-6 and sector-8.
 Water supply line is laid towards the 18m. wide road.
 Sewer line is provided along the Shiva road (18m.wide) North-
Eastern side of the site.
 Residential supply line is provided all around the site in form of
pole-supported lines.
 Communication lines are also available in form of underground
line. 18m. wide road is
being seen along the
Northern part of the
site as a major road
for the site.

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CE
NT
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AT

RO
The road which HI
divides the site into NI
two segments is
being seen(left NE
below). W

DE
LHI
What ever is being seen
in upper left photograph
are basic infrastructure
facilities such as road
and sewer line
chimney( that defines
sewer line exists).

This photographs(middle-
right) shows electric supply
line along the 13.5m. wide
road.

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CE
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In this photograph
(below left) overhead AT
water supply tank is
being seen that RO
supplies water to the HI
sector seven. NI

NE
REGULATIONS AND CONTROLS
W
Setbacks for different size of plots are as follows (according to Delhi
Development Authority.) DE
LHI
S.no. Plot size (sqm.) Min. set back (m.)
front rear side side
1. Above 60 & upto 150 3 0 0 0
2. Above 150 & upto 300 3 3 0 0
3. Above 300 & upto 500 3 3 3 0
4. Above 500 & upto 1000 6 3 3 3
5. Above 1000 & upto 2000 9 3 3 3
6. Above 2000 & upto 4000 9 6 6 6
7. Above 4000& upto 10,000 15 6 6 6
8. Above 10,000 15 9 9 9

OTHER CONTROLS

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 Maximum ground coverage according to master plan of Delhi is MU
25% and according to D.D.A. bye laws is 35% so proposed is NIT
35%.
Y
 Maximum floor area ratio according to master plan of Delhi is
100 and according to D.D.A. bye laws is 100 so proposed is 100.
 Maximum height according to master plan of Delhi is 26m.and CE
according to D.D.A. bye laws is 24m. NT
 Socio-cultural activities at community level in urban extension RE
should be integrated with the community centre. Wherever
possible in case of DUA_81 about 25% of the community centre AT
area should be utilized for socio-cultural activities.
RO
HI
NI

NE
W
CLIMATIC DATA
The climate of Delhi is divided into three parts. DE
Hot dry approximately half of the year.
Warm humid for one-fourth year.
LHI
Cold dry for last one-fourth part of the year.

January May August November

Mean max. temp. 21.4 40.4 33.9 28.4


Mean min. temp. 6.3 26.0 25.8 11.0
Mean temp. 13.8 33.2 29.8 19.7

Sky remains dull during monsoon seasons and clear in the dry seasons
and the sky becomes very bright in hot dry seasons.
Solar radiations are intense in hot dry seasons while low angle sun in
winter seasons can be useful for taking relief from “DILLI KI SARDI”

WIND DIRECTION

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Winds are hot and dusty (Known as “LOO”) in the summer and chilly NIT
cold in the winters. Strong and steady monsoon winds bring rainy
Y
clouds and humid air in the warm humid season from the South-West
and changes the direction with reversal of wind at the end of the
monsoon. CE
NT
January May August November RE

AT
Wind direction (M) W/CALM S/SE W/SE W/CALM
Wind direction (E) NW/CALM NW/W E/W NW/CALM RO
HI
Wind speed (km/hr) 4.51 6.76 5.02 3.38 NI

NE
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE COMPOSITE CLIMATE W

 Orientation of the openings should be in north and south (long DE


axis east-west) to reduce exposure of sun and helps in reducing the LHI
air- conditioning load.

 Heavy external & internal walls.

 Heavy roofs, over 8 hours time lag.

 No heavy rain protection required.

 Seasonal changes in relative humidity cause rapid weakening of


building materials.

 Dust sandstorms may occur.

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CASE STUDY-1 W
NAME OF THE CASE STUDY DE
Vasant Vihar community centre, New Delhi.
LHI
LOCATION
It is located along Munirika road in the vicinity of Vasant Lok
(HIG/MIG housing area), JNU, Munirika village and a district park in
South Delhi.

SITE AND PROJECT BRIEF


Site comes under Delhi Development Authority and it covers/occupies a
total land of 4.5 Hac.with total built up area about 44000sq.mt.

EXISTING FACILITIES
1. Shops/ showrooms.
2. Commercial/ professional offices.
3. Fast food centers.
4. Cinema hall.
5. Five star hotel (vasant continental).
6. Nursing homes.
7. ATMs, Banks.

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8. An international post office. MU
9. A petrol pump and A public garden. NIT
Five star hotel (vasant continental) and two nursing homes are
Y
segregated from the main centre by a road, which also works as a
service road for the shopping area.
CE
DESIGN APPROACH NT
RE
The design of Vasant Vihar community centre is based on axial planning
according to Luten’s New Delhi plan. AT
It also has two axis that crosses each other at perpendicular in front of
Priya Cineplex.
RO
HI
NI

ZONING NE
W
Zoning is done as far as I think according to the type of parking, long
duration parking for officials, shop/showroom owners and other DE
workers while sort duration parking for those who enjoy community LHI
facility, shopping, entertainment etc.
An entertaining/ crowed attracting agent of New Delhi widely known as
Priya Cineplex over the years has become popular all over Delhi has
been placed in the geographical centre of the community centre.

The shops have been placed on ground floor at higher plinth with
pedestrian walkway along their entrances. While offices have been
placed on the upper floors. There is strong and clear distinction between
pedestrian and vehicular zones, which has been achieved by creating,
differences in level.

FOCAL POINTS, NODES AND LANDMARK

There is an apparent attempt to grow two nuclei, first the central and
square with Priya cinema and the other opening into landscape area
with big showrooms and commercial offices. The spine leading to Priya
Cineplex has developed as main activity square; this is because of the

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cinema’s foyer opening into this spine. The other is a deserted spot it MU
was an interesting landscaped by water fountain. NIT
Vasant continental a five star hotel serves as a landmark it is the highest
Y
structure in the community centre, while Priya Cineplex acts as a node
of because it act as a magnet to the crowed.
CE
BUILT ENVIRONMENT NT
RE
Most of the buildings in the community centre are three storied except
the hotel, which breaks the monotony of horizontal skyline with its ten AT
stories.
This verticality of hotel block, parking and service road that passes in RO
between hotel block and parking articulate the termination of the
HI
complex.
NI
ARCHITECTURAL APPEARANCE
NE
 Elevations are enhanced using massing, light and shade, colour W
and texture.
DE
 Cineplex has contemporary appearance with aluminum cladding LHI
and colour.

 Stone cladding and deep windows enhance five star hotel’s


exterior.

VARIOUS SERVICES

Electricity: -community centre has one electricity depot in backside of


the centre that supplies electricity to the entire community centre in
form of underground lines.

Water supply: -community centre has been getting water in form of


underground lines.

Sewage & drainage: -community centre has sewer line for discharging
sewage.

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L.P.G. gas supply: - gas supply line is being laid in this community MU
centre. NIT
Y
Garbage disposal: - garbage is collected by scavengers and disposed off
at garbage collecting depot backside of the community centre.
CE
NT
RE

AT

RO
HI
NI

PARKING OR VEHICULAR MOVEMENT NE


W
 Parking is provided all along the centre
DE
 Buildings like nursing homes, hotel and Cineplex have a separate LHI
vehicular access and parking which does not interface with
pedestrian movement and other activities in community centre.

 Long duration parking has been provided separate for officials on


the backside of petrol pump.

 And along the service road for officials, shop/showroom owners


and other workers.

 Short duration parking has been provided separate for those who
enjoy community facility, shopping, entertainment etc.

PEDESTRIAN MOVEMENT

 Pedestrian are made of stone squares.

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 Entry and exit point along the main road becomes congested very MU
often and causes major inconvenience to the traffic flow, often NIT
resulting in jams and bottlenecks. Y
 There is hardly any movement in the corridor these are being
used for staking of goods. CE
NT
STRUCTURAL STABILITY RE

 Lower floors and shops are of the definite size following a grid AT
and on the top are offices that follow the same grid but are in
multiples of the shop grid. RO
 Walls are made of brickwork while R.C.C. is used in roofing. HI
NI

NE
W
LANDSCAPING
DE
 There is no deep consideration is being seen on landscaping except LHI
providing some landscape islands in the middle of pedestrian path
that not only works as a divider but working as sitting bench also.

 Various types of plants are planted in grouped precast


‘GAMLAS’

MERITS

 Availability of the service road in the community centre.

 Interesting modern elevations of buildings with planters.

 Nursing homes are separated by road and have their own parking
lots.

 Sitting along the pedestrian in form of landscaping.

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 The space in front of Priya Cineplex that gives a feeling of MU
openness. NIT
Y
 Segregation of vehicular and pedestrian movement is achieved by
raising plinth by providing steps.
CE
 Separate entrance for the offices from the back side of the NT
building. RE

 Zoning of shops/showrooms and offices by vertical growth. AT

 Axial linkage in between Priya Cineplex and landscaped fountain RO


exists in the circular shopping plaza HI
NI
 Row of shops are placed in such a way that they face each other
gives a feeling of Indian market.
NE
 Location of building according to the climate of the reigon. W

 Short duration parking has been provided separate for those who DE
enjoy community facility, shopping, entertainment etc. LHI
 Long duration parking has been provided separate for officials on
the backside of petrol pump.

DEMERITS

 Unavailability of harmony in elevations of various buildings.

 Handicapped person cannot enter in the community center due to


lack of ramp because providing steps raises plinth.

 Congestion of traffic due to insufficient parking lot in the centre.

 Community centre is more commercial than communal because of


five star hotel and commercial offices.

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 For the causal shoppers these parking spaces on the sides and MU
back of the community centre are not convenient they led to park NIT
along the Munirika Marg causing traffic problem. Y
 When some one enter in community centre along five star hotel
for back side parking he/she has to face a blind curve near CE
international post office, that can be cause of any accident. NT
RE
 Pedestrian has been encroached by various temporary stalls.
AT
 Community centre has general toilets after crossing front side
road. RO
HI
 Building elevations have destroyed by improper wiring and A.C.
NI
 Post development of snack bars and restaurants creates nuisance
due to aroma that comes from kitchens because of improper NE
ventilation. W

DE
VASANT LOK NURSING HOME LHI
It is part & parcel of the Vasant Vihar community centre, located just
backside of the five star hotel.
This nursing home has linear arrangement of facilities means has an
axial planning including facilities such as reception, waiting, manager,
adm.office,
Doctor’s room, lab, sonography, ultrasound, X-Ray, single bedded
room, common wards etc.

MERITS

 This nursing home provides all primary facility under a roof.

 Medical facility also available in the nursing home.

 Single bedded bedrooms have all basic facilities such as toilet,


T.V., relative bed etc.

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 It has symmetry in its elevation, with stone cladding. NIT
Y
DEMERITS
CE
 There is no proper arrangement of facilities, such as doctors
room, X-Ray lab facility are arranged in basement, while NT
operation theatre is exists at first floor. RE

 Lack of proper arrangement according to the follow of the users. AT

 Ramp is not available. RO


HI
 Toilets do not have proper ventilation. NI
 Some toilets exist in basement.
NE
W

J&K BANK DE
It is commercial facility in the community centre it is completely LHI
computerized, having open planning.

MERITS

 Open planning including officer’s counter and clerk’s counter as


well as friendly counters.

 Centrally located reception/-waiting lounge.

 Burglar sensing device.

 Locker’s facility in basement.

DEMERITS

 It does not have general toilets.

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 Insufficient space for entire bank. NIT
Y
 There is no proper mark to show type of work for a particular
bench.
CE
RESTAURANT, BAR& DANCE CLUB/PUB (R.B.M.) NT
RE
This restaurant consists two floors of a showroom at upper floor it has
bar, restaurant including dance club while it has kitchen at lower floor AT
with an entrance by a separate staircase.
RO
MERITS HI
NI
 It has very attractive interior.
NE
 D.J.sound and L.C.D. projector make it more interesting.
W
 Separate block of dining area for a family.
DE
LHI
DEMERITS

 Entry through the staircase is very dull.

 General toilets are not available.

PRIYA CINEPLEX
An entertaining/ crowed attracting agent of New Delhi widely known as
Priya Cineplex over the years has become popular all over Delhi has
been placed in the geographical centre of the community centre.

MERITS

 It has modern decorated waiting lounge with wet canteen facility.

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 Sitting arrangement is good according to visual rays. MU
NIT
 It has extra wide and clear screen. Y
 It is well protected by fire fighting equipments
CE
DEMERITS NT
RE
 It has only two-exit way from one side only.
AT
 No emergency exit available.
RO
 Ticket windows create encroachment because of outside HI
alignment. NI

NE
CASE STUDY-2 W

NAME OF THE CASE STUDY DE


Community Centre at New Friends Colony New Delhi LHI

LOCATION
it is located along Zakeer Hussain road in new friends colony
(HIG/MIG housing area), near Surya hotel in South Delhi.

SITE AND PROJECT BRIEF


site comes under Delhi Development Authority and it covers/occupies a
total land of 3.24 Hac.with total built up area about 44000sq.mt.

EXISTING FACILITIES

1.Shops/ showrooms.
2.Commercial/ professional offices.
3.Fast food centers.
4.Nursing homes.
5.ATMs, Banks.
6.A police station

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7.housing for police staff. MU
Police station, staff quarters and nursing home are segregated from the NIT
main centre by a road, which also works as a service road for the
Y
shopping area and goes through the community centre and connects to
the Z. H. Marg.
CE
NT
DESIGN APPROACH RE

The design of new friends colony community centre is based on axial AT


planning in which theses two axis run parallel and crosses the both
side entrance of the central shopping plaza.
RO
The designer has tried grouping of buildings in such a manner that two HI
courtyards can be created; at present these are focal point of this NI
community centre.by creating these two courtyards designer tried to
create best suitable surrounding according to cold dry& hot humid NE
climate. W
ZONING DE
LHI
Zoning of buildings is done as far as I think according to the type of
work of a person entering into the community centre. Two complete
official blocks are exists along the Z.H.marg while for those who enjoy
community facility, shopping, entertainment enters from the new
friends colony entrance find their requirements in that portion of the
centre. The shops have been placed on ground floor at higher plinth
with pedestrian walkway along their entrances. While offices have been
placed on the upper floors. There is strong and clear distinction between
pedestrian and vehicular zones, which has been achieved by creating,
differences in level.

There is no particular segregation of parking according to the duration


of the parking in the community centre.

FOCAL POINTS

There is an apparent attempt to grow two nuclei around the shopping


plaza in form of courtyard providing sitting benches, relaxation and

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soothing due to landscaping act as focal points of because it act as a MU
magnet to the crowed specially at evening time due to Surya hotel’s NIT
proximity.
Y
BUILT ENVIRONMENT
CE
Most of the buildings in the community centre are four storied and NT
having brick work modern elevation, while the central shopping plaza RE
have no brickwork in elevation. Which breaks the harmony in
elevations of all buildings. AT
Nursing home’s entrance does not open towards main community centre
area while service road passes along it; illusion creates here termination
RO
of the complex.
HI
NI

ARCHITECTURAL APPEARANCE NE
W
 Elevations are enhanced using exposed brickwork as texture.
DE
 Presently upcoming building has contemporary elevations using LHI
brick tile and colour.

 Main shopping area has arched entrance while courts covered


with pergolas.

VARIOUS SERVICES

Electricity: -community centre has one electricity depot in backside


near the police station that supplies electricity to the community centre
in form of underground lines while one transformer is exists along
Z.H.road.

Water supply: -community centre has been getting water in form of


underground lines.

Sewage & drainage: -community centre has not proper facility of


drainage while sewer line is available for discharging drainage and
sewage.

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MU
L.P.G. gas supply: - gas supply line has been laid in this community NIT
centre and supplied in form of underground G.I.pipes.
Y
Garbage disposal: - garbage is collected by scavengers and disposed off
at two places one at garbage collecting depot and second near the CE
transformer along the Z.H.road. NT
RE
Lifts and staircases: -for upper floors the buildings have lifts as well as
staircase; staircases have tread and riser according convenience of AT
a person except a handicapped person.
RO
HI
NI

PARKING OR VEHICULAR MOVEMENT NE


W
 Parking is provided all along the centre.
DE
 There is common parking for all incoming persons.
LHI
 The service road for community centre also connects new friends
colony to the Z.H.road means one love to enter new friends colony
can enter without obstacle except traffic congestion.

PEDESTRIAN MOVEMENT

 Pedestrian are made of stone squares and P.C.C. squares.

 Entry and exit point along the main road becomes congested very
often due to parking.

 There is hardly any movement in the corridor these are being


used for staking of goods.

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STRUCTURAL STABILITY MU
NIT
 Lower floors and shops are of the definite size following a grid Y
and on the top are offices that follow the same grid but are in
multiples of the shop grid.
CE
 Central shopping plaza has grid of R.C.C. and wall are of NT
brickwork. RE

 Walls are made of brickwork while R.C.C. is used in roofing. AT

RO
HI
NI

NE
LANDSCAPING W

 There is no deep consideration is being seen on landscaping except DE


providing some landscape islands in the middle of pedestrian path LHI
and a central courtyard.

 Various types of plants are planted in grouped precast


‘GAMLAS’

 Interesting landscaping has been find out in between two official


block.

WHAT IS INTERESTING / MERITS

 Availability of the service road in the community centre.

 Nursing home is separated by road and has it’s own parking lot.

 Sitting along the landscaped central courtyard.

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MU
 The space in form of courtyards gives a feeling of openness. NIT
Y
 Segregation of vehicular and pedestrian movement is achieved by
raising plinth by providing steps.
CE
 Row of shops are placed in such a way that they face each other NT
gives a feeling of Indian market. RE

 Courtyard planning of the community centre. AT

RO
HI
NI

WHAT ARE DRAWBACKS/DEMERITS NE


W
 Unavailability of harmony in elevations of various buildings
except some buildings. DE
LHI
 Handicapped person cannot enter in the community center due to
lack of ramp because providing steps raises plinth from the new
friends colony entry while from the Z.H. marg plinth get step-
down

 Congestion of traffic due to insufficient parking lot in the centre.

 Community centre is more commercial than communal because of


commercial offices.

 Causal shoppers sometimes park their vehicles along the road


causing traffic problem.

 Pedestrian has been encroached by various temporary stalls.

 Building elevations have destroyed by improper wiring and A.C.

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 Post development of snack bars and restaurants creates nuisance MU
due to aroma that comes from kitchens because of improper NIT
ventilation. Y
 Commercial offices have set up their transformers in parking lot;
these transformers not only encroach the parking lots but also CE
create noise and air pollution in the community centre. NT
RE
 In front of Z.H. marg shops are using as “dhabas” these dhabas
don’t have proper drainage facility so they discharge their sludge AT
in open air after fermentation odour starts from it that creates
unhygienic surrounding. RO
HI
 Inundation problem creates in monsoon season due to insufficient
rise of plinth of the community centre. NI

 Lack of trees and landscaped area. NE


W
 Wiring of light and communication are exposed these can be
cause of accident. DE
LHI
GODREJ PHILIPS INDIA LIMITED (A COMMERCIAL
OFFICE)

this commercial office exists in New Friends Colony Community


Centre. It consists three floors.
Ground floor have reception lobby, two boardrooms and general toilets.
First floor consist reception, waiting workstations, managing director
and general managers cabin, server room, conference room while at
Second floor consist executive president and executive vice presidents
cabin pantry and toilets. It is completely open plan office.

MERITS

 Interesting arrangement of the workstations and other cabins


according to the follow of he workers.

 Lift facility for quick service.

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 Colours used in interior are very cool and freshens. NIT
Y
 Flooring is made of P.V.C. tiles.

 Modern interior with artificial landscaping.


CE
NT
 Separate entrance for staff RE

AT
DEMERITS
RO
 It has common toilets for visitors and staff workers. HI
NI

NE
AREA PROGRAMMING FOR A COMMUNITY CENTRE W
(A thesis project at sector-7,Rohini, New Delhi)

Definition according to the D.D.A. of a community center is that “it is DE


complex of various activities such as commercial, recreational and socio- LHI
cultural in enclosed space”.
Community centers provide community groups with venues for their
meetings and activities and provide places for govt. and non-govt.
agencies to provide their services to the local community.
By these Definitions and my case studies I come to know that this
proposed community center should incorporate various facilities as
given below:
1.Shopping center-----------------------------------(commercial
activity)It is a platform for selling goods on retail to the local
community; goods are divisible into three very broad categories such as
convenience goods (these have to be bought), demand goods (these have
to bought at irregular intervals) and impulse goods (these are luxury
goods and goods which are bought suddenly).
2.Commercial & professional offices (commercial activity)
3.Savings and commercial banks (comer. & social activity)
4.Restaurants cum bar/pub (comer. & entertain activity)
5.Cinema hall (socio-cult. & entertain. activity)
6.Community library------------------------(social activity)

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7.Maternity homes-------------------------- (commercial activity) MU
8.Guest houses------------------------------- (comer. & social activity) NIT
9.A day care center-------------------------- (comer. & social activity)
Y
1.SHOPPING CENTRE
CE
Shopping area would include Shops, showrooms by location factor these NT
can be classified as follows: RE
 Fashion and clothing: -these shops/showrooms grouped
together preferably in logical sequence. These shops require AT
positions, preferably in the center, and away from the food
stores. Good display frontages are vital. RO
 Food shops: - these should not be in the prime location as
HI
people do go to them as required and more over they decay
early giving out smell. NI
 Service shops: - these are generally positioned in less attractive
retail locations such as upper levels, because shoppers trend to NE
seek out service shops, which includes launderettes, tailor, hair W
dressing, and other hardware service shops.
 Specialty shops: - these shops include those selling gifts, DE
cameras, toys, and fabrics, electronic items, ice crème parlors, LHI
interior house hold item, shoes, jewelleries, and ATMs need
good prominent locations and good display frontages.
Since sector-7 in Rohini inhabitants low income group, middle income
group as well as high-income group families, so it is important to
consider all categories of the inhabitants while designing shopping
center in such a manner that it can serve all community as well as
taking consideration presently upcoming scenario of shopping in
national territory region.
Area for the shopping center will depend on the grid pattern as well as
area of the building block.
 Most probable area of kiosks – 8 to 10sqmt.
 Most probable area of shops –22 to 24 sqmt. (Accoriding to the
master plan of Delhi shop area is 24 to 28 sqmt )
 Most probable area of showrooms & departmental stores can be –
24sqmt & 36sqmt.
No. of kiosks ,shops ,showrooms and departmental stores are not
particularly defined.

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Y
2. COMMERCIAL &PROFESSINAL OFFICES

Commercial(such as banks etc.) and professional offices would be CE


housed at upper floors: area for the office is not particularly defined NT
and would be dependent on the grid and internal circulation of the RE
building block.
AT

RO
HI
NI
3.SAVING BANK
NE
S.No. Type of space Area Area W
(sqft) (sqmt)
DE
1. Entrance/waiting lounge 200 18.0
LHI
2. Senior manager 150 13.5
3. Assistant manager 150 13.5
4. Friendly counters & waiting 100 54.0
5. Work space for clerks 070 37.8
6. Server room 120 10.8
7. Lockers room 180 16.2
8. Conference room 300 27.0
9. Vault area 150 13.5
10. Record room 180 16.2
11. Mechanical space 120 10.8
12. Dining space 120 10.8
13. Pantry, Staff toilet & others 250 22.5
Total area 2940 264.6

Total No. of banks in community center would be three total area of 3


saving banks –
3 x 300+30%of 900 = 1170sqmt (for conven.) = 1200 sqmt.

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AT

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4.RESTAURANT CUM BAR / PUB NE


Assuming seating capacity of 50 persons. W
50 persons @ 14 sq.ft. / Person, for dining area
DE
S.No. Type of space Area Area
LHI
(Sqft.) (sqm.)

1. Dining 700 63.0


2. Kitchen*(60 % of dining area) 420 37.8
3. Public toilets 040 03.6
4. Dance floor(20% of dining area) 140 12.6
5. Barspace/Cashier (15%ofdiningarea) 110 09.9
6. Mechanical room 060 05.4
7. Others 100 09.0
Total Area 1570 141.3
* Kitchen area includes services and kitchen equals.

Kitchen services are Kitchen equals are


1.Dry storage 1.Meat preparation
2.Storage refrigerator 2.Veg.preparation
3.Receiving 3.cooking & serving
4.Trash and garbags 4.Bakery & cold drinks
5.Helpers facilities 5. Dishwashing

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Total No. of restaurant bars in community center would be four
Y
Total area of 4 restaurant & bars –4 x 150+30%of 600 = 780sqmt (for
convenience) =800 sqmt.
Two restaurants& bar cum pub would be included in guesthouses and CE
two would be included in shopping area. NT
RE

AT

RO
HI
NI

5.CINEMA HALL NE
W
Assuming seating capacity of 700 persons.
700persons @10sq.ft./person, for gross seating area including aisles.
DE
S.No. Type of space Area Area LHI
(sqft) (sqmt)

1. Entrance lobby 0,700 063.0


2. Ticket window 0,150 013.5
3. Managing director (attached toilet) 0,150 013.5
4. Asst. managing director 0,150 013.5
5. Wet canteen 0,300 027.0
6. General toilets & water 0,600 054.0
7 Seating 7,000 630.0
8. Projection room 0,200 018.0
9. Mechanical room 0,150 013.5
10. Light supply room 0,180 016.2
11. Air handling unit 0,120 010.8
12. Store room 0,120 010.8
13. Others 0,250 022.5
Total area 10,070 906.3

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Total No. of cinema hall in community center would be one total area of MU
cinema hall – NIT
906.3 sqmt + circulation (for conven.) = 1000 sqmt.
Y

CE
NT
RE

AT

RO
HI
NI

6.COMMUNITY LIBRARY NE
W
Assuming one person will be enrolled from each family.
Total no of houses in sector-7, are app. 4500
DE
Assuming 10,000 books will be available in library.
Total no. of books would be 30,000 (three set of each book). LHI
50 persons@18sq.ft./person(reading lobby)
5sq.ft.@250 books (one rack)
Total space for books required 5x30, 000/250=600sq.ft
Total space for bookstore hall 600(racks)+600(circulation)

S.No. Type of space Area Area


(sqft) (sqmt)

1. Entrance/waiting lounge 0,180 016.2


2. Chief librarian 0,120 010.8
3. Friendly counters 0,120 010.8
4. Book store hall 1,200 108.0
5. Old magazine/newspaper store 0,300 027.0
6. Reading lobby (for books) 0,900 081.0
7. Reading lobby (for newspapers) 0,900 081.0
8. Computer lab 0,300 027.0

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9. Server room 0,150 013.5 MU
10. Music room 0,180 016.2 NIT
11. Pantry, Staff toilet & others 0,150 013.5
Y
12. Cards playing/meeting 0,600 054.0
Total area 5,100 459.0
CE
Total No. of library in community center would be one total area of one NT
community library would be –1x460 +30% of 460=600 sqmt (for RE
conven.) = 600 sqmt.
AT

RO
HI
NI
7. NURSING CUM MATERNITY HOMES
NE
S.No. Type of space Area Area W
(sqft) (sqmt)
DE
1. Reception/waiting lounge 200 018.0
2. Office 150 013.5 LHI
3. Consultation room (attached toilets) 240x4 086.4
4. Ultrasound/Sonography 180 016.2
5. X-ray room&dark room 200 018.0
6. Laboratory 250 022.5
7. Nurses station 150 013.5
8. Male ward (attached toilets) 500x1 045.0
9 Female wards(attached toilets) 500x2 090.0
10. Isolated rooms (attached toilets) 240x6 129.6
11. Operation theatre 240 021.6
12. Medical store 240 021.6
13. Pantry, Staff toilet & others 250 022.5
Total area 5760 518.4

Total No. of nursing home in community center would be two total area
of two nursing homes –
2 x 525 + 40% of 500 sqmt (for conven.) = 1460 sqmt.

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8.GUEST HOUSES NI

S.No. Type of space Area Area NE


(sqft) (sqmt) W
1. Entrance/waiting lounge 200 18.0
DE
2. Reception 150 13.5
3. Senior manager 150 13.5 LHI
4. Single bedded rooms 240x6 129.6
5. Double bedded rooms 240x4 86.4
6. Dormitory (male) 500 54.0
7. Dormitory (female) 500x2 108.0
8. General store 150 13.5
9. Others 180 16.2
Total area 4730 425.7

Total No. of guest houses in community center would be two total area
of two guest houses –
2 x 425 sqmt+ 30% circulation+140x2 (for restaurant&bar/pub.) =
1470sqmt.

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9. A DAY CARE CENTRE NI

Assuming enrolment capacity of 100 children. NE


100children @45sq.ft. /child, for play room area. W
100children @06sq.ft. /child, for dressing room area.
100children @30sq.ft. /child, for of sleeping room area.
DE
S.No. Type of space Area Area LHI
(sqft) (sqmt)

1. Play room area 4,500 405.0


2. Dressing 0,600 054.0
3. Isolation room 0,100 009.0
4. Office 0,240 021.6
5. Sleeping 3,000 270.0
6. Toys library 0,200 018.0
7. Computer lab 0,120 010.8
8. Staff lounge 0,150 013.5
9. Storage 0,150 016.2
10. Kids toilets & staff toilet 0,400 036.0
11. Others 0,250 022.5
Total area 9,710 873.9

There would be one day care centre total area of day care center would
be –

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873.9+ circulation sqmt (for conven.) = 1000 sqmt. MU
NIT
Y

CE
NT
RE

AT

RO
LITERATURE STUDY HI
NI
ENTRANCE, WAITING LOBBY & WET CANTEEN
NE
 It is used for assembly& waiting by spectators before starting W
performance in the theatre and it encourage the public to enjoy
canteen and other facility as well as communal interaction. DE
 It should have sufficient natural light and provide sufficient
LHI
sitting arrangement.
 It should have sufficient natural/artificial landscaping.
 It should be easily accessible for handicapped.

GENERAL TOILETS

 General toilets should be easily assessable from the lobby as well


as from seating bank.
 Kids / Teenagers should be considered while designing the toilets.
 Toilets should have proper ventilations.

VISUAL PRINCIPALS THAT INFLUENCE THE DESIGN:

An optimum view of the stage throughout the house depends on three


factors:
 Slope of the house floor.
 Staggering of the seats.

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 Elevation of the stage. MU
NIT
Slope of the House Floor: - Y
If the floor is flat, patrons have a hard time seeing over the people in
front of them. For this reason, most theatre floors have slope gently CE
upward toward the back of the house. The floor may be ramped or NT
stepped. For safety reasons, a ramped floor is limited to a maximum RE
slope of 10 percent; steeper slopes must be stepped. We should be sure
for wheelchair bound patrons and standing room positions when AT
figuring the slope of the house.
RO
Staggering of the seats: - HI
NI
The positioning of the seats in the rows depends on the degree of the
rack. One row vision, in which seats in each row line up directly with NE
those in front, requires a very steep rake to allow for proper viewing W
angles. Two-row vision involves staggered seating and permits an
unobstructed view between the two seats in front of the patron. Because
this arrangement does involve a steep rake, it is highly recommended.
DE
LHI

Elevation of the stage: -

The stage should always be below eye level of patrons sitting in the first
row. Ideal height is between two feet, six inches and three feet six inches
from the floor at the first row of seats. The viewing angle of the audience
varies with art form. In dance, for example, patrons must be able to see
the dancers feet. Make sure that stage floor is level with all support
spaces backstage to expedite movement of scenery and equipment.

ACOUSTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
The acoustics of theatres and auditoriums are affected by four major
factors:

Volume of the room relative to the seating capacity: - this affects the
reverberation characteristics. Volume for auditoriums of average size

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(300to 800 seats) should not exceed 150 cubic feet per seat. Otherwise MU
reverberation time may be too long, causing need for extensive NIT
acoustical treatment. Establish the desired time of reverberation
Y
(depend son whether space is used primarily for music or speech or
both). Design space to achieve the desired reverberation in this is
mathematically calculable. CE
NT
Proportions of the auditorium: - ratio of length to width cannot be RE
determined by formula and is partially dependent on planning on good
vision. However, ratio of average length to average width between 2:1 AT
and 6:5 has been found satisfactory. In general, ceiling heights should be
about 1/3 to ½ of room depth – the lower ratio for very large rooms, the
higher for small rooms. RO
Shape and angle of surfaces: - surfaces should be designed so as to HI
control both beneficial and harmful sound reflections. Diffused NI
reflections are usually desirable.
NE
Sound transmission: - air borne or solid borne noise originating inside W
from outside the auditorium (such as from openings, ventilating
and heating ducts, audience talk and shuffling, noise from
backstage and stage equipment, noise and vibration from DE
motors, machinery, switches, plumbing or outside sources such LHI
as trains, subways etc.) Must be prevented or controlled. The
permissible background noise level depends on frequency
distribution and function of the auditorium.

Some other design considerations:


1. Reduce volume of stage to a minimum, consistent with other
requirements. Acoustical characteristics of stage fly loft and
scenery must be considered in connection with the audience space.
A permanent or non- permanent shell behind, above (when
possible) and at sides of performers (less than 28 ft away from
them) reflects sound to audience and allows performers to hear
themselves; otherwise a good part of speech and music may be
lost in the wings. Convex or plane surfaces cause harmeful-
focusing effects. Wall surfaces of wings and stage house should be
sound –absorbent.

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2. Chairs should be upholstered with sound absorbent material over MU
deep, porous padding so that the absorption of a vacant seat NIT
equals the absorption of a person.
Y
3. Non-parallelism and irregularity of surfaces favorably affect the
control of sound. Diver sing walls may help to prevent flutter
echoes, which sometimes arise between parallel walls. Sidewalls CE
may be designed to direct reflected sound to rear seats to reinforce NT
the direct sound. RE
4. Diagrammatic plotting of sound reflection (useful only in initial
stages of design): angle of reflection (R) = angle of incidence (I). AT
To prevent echoes, B+C (path of reflected sound reaching a seat)
should not exceed A (path of direct sound)+ 50 feet. The echo
phenomenon is not, of course, this simple and depends on many RO
factors, including the frequency distribution of sound, relative HI
intensities, whether sound is produced by speech, piano, organ, NI
etc.
5. An expert coincidentally with the design of the auditorium should NE
conduct acoustic studies. Plan and section may be tested for W
distribution of sound for distribution of sound in ripple tanks.
Three-dimensional models may be studied with spark
photographs (actual picture of sound waves in air) or tracing DE
reflections of a small beam of light. LHI
Avoid smooth concave rear wall with center of curvature near
stage-may cause echo on stage. Design rear wall so that long –
delayed reflections from it do not reach audience. Rear cross-over
aisle should be made as sound-absorptive as possible; it may be
separated from the seating area.

SEATING BANK

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Occupants of all seats are visually related to the performance when the MU
seats are oriented towards the stage. This necessitates curving the NIT
rows of seats. The center of curvature is located on the centerline of
Y
the auditorium approximately the depth of the house behind the
proscenium. Budgetary limitations may dictate that seats can be in
straight rows to simplify construction; these rows can at least be CE
related to the center of attention on stage by being placed on chords NT
of the optimum row curvature. RE
Staggered seating can also be provided, to provide best visibility from
any seat no patron should sit exactly in front of any other patron unless AT
more than one row distance.

Average seat width - 21" to 24" RO


HI
Average seat depth - 27" to 30" NI

Spacing between the seats - 37" to 40" NE


W
Aisle width - 42" to 48"

Average height of the eye level (in sitting position) of spectators - DE


42" to 46" LHI

Angle of vision (horizontal) of spectator - 130*

Minimum distance between the first row and screen - 18’-0"

CONTINENTAL SEATING ARRANGEMENT

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NT
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AT

RO
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NE
W

DE
LHI

MERITS

 Economic use of space.

 More legroom.

DEMERITS

 Less comfortable seat access.

 Numerous exit doors.

CONVENTIONAL SEATING ARRANGEMENT

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NE
W

DE
LHI

MERITS

 Easy seat access.

 Fewer exits.
DEMERITS

 Less comfortable seat access.

 Aisles take up space.

PROJECTION ROOM

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Projection room should be 14 ft. deep by 21ft. wide, minimum for two MU
projectors; walls should be made of concrete blocks or brickwork to NIT
minimize sound transmission.
Y
There should be at least four parts – two for projections and two for
observations.
Minimum distance between two projection parts should be 6’-0’’. Toilet CE
facility should be accommodated with it. NT
RE

AT

RO
HI
NI

NE
W

DE
LHI

A
THESIS REPORT
0N

(At Rohini sector-7, New Delhi)

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CONTENTS: Y
Chapter-1
 Introduction & synopsis CE
NT
Chapter-2 RE
 Site analysis
AT
Chapter-3
 Case studies RO
HI
Chapter-4 NI
 Area programming
NE
W
Chapter-5
 Literature survey
DE
Chapter-6 LHI
 Design concept

Chapter-7
 Advance objective

Chapter-8
 Bibliography
THE CONCEPT
India is only the country where culture echoes, traditions speak, beauty
enthralls, diversity delights, and community gathers.
But question arises does community really gather?
Due to industrialization it is going away from our society especially in
urban civilization.

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“In rural India each village has ‘CHAUPAL’ about the geographical MU
center of the village, a most important part of any village where NIT
Y
community gathers, convey information, get entertainment, as well
as around the ‘CHAUPAL’ they acquire their household CE
requirements. Entire community center will be designed on NT
‘CHAUPAL’ concept in which all building blocks are arranged
RE
around a central platform conveyed to each block from here. AT
Entire community center will be seen as united as a circle of six to
eight peoples holding each other’s hand. This would convey a RO
HI
message of unity to the community.” NI

BUILDINGS ORIENTATION NE
W
Orientations of the building blocks are according to the sun path which
most part of the building faces north and south direction. DE
LHI

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