HERITAGE

The Havelis
of Hadauti
Shikha Jain

A series of articles on the ‘havelis’ of Rajasthan.

adauti is one of the lesser explored regions of Rajasthan, historically ruled by the Hada clan of Rajputs. It gets the name 'Hadavati or Hadauti' from the Hada clan of Rajputs who gained control of the region from the local Bhil and Meena tribes in the 13th-14th centuries. The present day region comprises of four districts ie. Bundi, Kota, Jhalawar and Baran. The significant historic towns in the region include Bundi, Kota, Jhala war and Jhalrapatan.

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The exquisite valley town of Bundi was the first capital of Hadauti in the 14th century. The capital was shifted to Kota in the early 17th century. The urban morphology of the hill and valley towns of Bundi and Kota responds to the topography and shows winding streets on slopes and irregular plots with angles while the post 18th century mercantile settlements like Jhalawar and Jhalrapatan on the plains have well defined square or rectangular plots

48 ARCHITECTURE - Time Space & People October 2007

KOTA HAVELIS Located on the fertile plains of the eastern bank of river Chambal at the edge of the Malwa plateau. The haveli is monumental in scale with five storeys and a basement. Meghawan ji ki Haveli in Blachandpara area is an 18th century single court haveli with an orchard in the back overlooking the lake. The haveli is used as a guest house. triple arched projected jharokhas and lime plastered masonry. It was founded in 1631 when Rao Madho Singh.Bhairon Gate on West. BUNDI HAVELIS This medieval township strategically located in a valley is named after Bunda -a Mina chieftain who found the place in 1342 A. Bundi akin to Jaipur town planning.Street View. Large portions of the haveli lie locked and one part (mardana section) is currently being used as a school. This single court haveli though smaller in scale is significant because of its architectural details and its historic associations. It is a 17th century Rajput. On of the grandest haveli in the town is the Bhawani Singh ki Haveli in Nahar Ka Chautta area. The Haveli of Braj Bhushanji built in early 19th century belongs to a family which gave the state of Bundi about four Prime Ministers . It belongs to the Rajpurohit of the Kota ruler who was addressed with the title of Bade Devta (Big Demi-God) as he looked like a demigod. The town came under the Hada Rajputs in The fort is an architectural landmark and the walled town below housing several bavdis and havelis is four gateways . asymmetric.Time Space & People 49 . The Bade Devta ji ki Haveli built around 1838 AD is strategically positioned near the Palace and overlooks the Chambal river. though they seem to be of a later period and do not match upto the unique Bundi style of paintings. Patanpol on East and Sehkul Baori gate on North. Some of the important havelis are described here. multi court haveli that belongs to the extended royal family of Bundi. It flourished and soon outgrew its parent city of Bundi.all in the 19th century. The origin of this Brahmin family October 2007 ARCHITECTURE . Chogan gate in South. The haveli is representative of the local architecture in stone columns and brackets. The walled town of Kota has similar settlement characteristics as Bundi though not as picturesque as the earlier capital. Another important Haveli in the town is from 19th century and belonged to the famous court poet Suryamal Mishran. Kota was an ideal choice for a new town in the 17th century. This article provides a brief overview of each town by presenting the unique planning and architecture of the important havelis. The first floor has a room with wall paintings. The center of the forecourt has a masjid and a Shiva temple is located on the top floor. office and residence. The Haveli is situated on the road leading up to the palace. The haveli has a basement which was used for parking rath in the earlier times.D. the second son of Rao Ratan of Bundi was given this area. INTACH has worked on a comprehensive documentation and conservation proposal for the havelis. It is difficult to singularly identify havelis in Bundi as the entire town is dotted with small houses and havelis exhibiting interesting architectural features..

approached by a principal street or Bazzar running on the East -West axis.D. Jhalawar region was formed as a separate principality from Kota by the descendents of Zalim Singh in 1838 A. The principal entrance of the Palace is in the center of eastern side. Jhala Haveli and Bohron Ki Haveli. this is a single court haveli with kitchen located on the first floor.D.D. An interesting bridge (like the Chahtta found in old houses of Madhya Pradesh region) links the terrace of the adjoining extended haveli called Bade Devta ka Nohra.Forecourt view 2 Street View. The family had moved from Kota to Jhlrapatan and finally to Jhalawar. His descendents are still residing in the haveli.the founder of Jhalawar. The haveli was built in 1840 A. Shri Chatra Bhavan belonged to the Chatra Sal Singh Jhala from the royal family of Jhalas. The Chabrawalon ki Haveli belonged to KeshoRamji who was a mahajan jagirdar. It literally means the land of 'Jhalas' who were the ruling Rajput clan. The haveli was constructed in late 19th century. The haveli was built in three phases. belonging to a Marwari Nagar seth who are descen50 ARCHITECTURE . Bundi Street in Bundi was from the northern region of Kashmir. Their kul . The Nohra in the annexe area was built later to accommodate the family of one of the brothers of Bade Devta. It houses the City Palace and Rang Mahal and a number of interesting havelis. but the locals still identify themselves with regions of Malwa. They served as aides to the ruler and were known as saath khazis. Unlike. Several temple havelis are also present with the most architecturally significant being the Chote Mathuradheesh ki Haveli. JHALAWAR HAVELIS During the Mughal period Jhalawar was included in the Subah of Malwa and Raghav Dev Jhala received this pargana in jagir in 1420 A. Another haveli belonging to the family of Jhala Rajputs is the Jhala Haveli.Bhawani Singh Haveli. The walled town of Kota also houses the Daan Malji Bapna Haveli. The remnants of kitchen such as the 'okhli' for making 'masala' (spices) are still evident on the first floor. The city of Jhalawar was formerly called Brij Nagar. This huge fortress like haveli belongs to the family of Zalim Singh Jhala . The ground floor is used as a temple and the upper floors as residences. The inner room on the first floor of this haveli has very interesting paintings of Kota-Bundi style. Currently this potion is rented out to a school. Although now it is categorized in the Hadoti region with Kota and Bundi. Three brothers of the family are still residing in the haveli and the traditional rajtilak of the Rajput ruler family is still done by the oldest son of this family. A well is located in the annexe area at back of the haveli. The haveli is locked to a large extent and deteriorating with few portions being used as government offices. It again has significant paintings in several areas. For sometime the haveli was occupied by Fauz Bakshi (a Muslim Commander) who made a masjid there.D. He held an imortant post with the ruling family.Time Space & People October 2007 dents from the renowned Patwa family of Jaisalmer. The walled town has few important havelis like the Chatra Bhavan. most Rajput havelis found in Rajasthan. The family belonged to a small village called Chabra from where they moved to Shergarh and finally to Kota. It was linked with the rulers of Kota from 1801-1838 A. The Zalim Singh Jhala House is a magnificent Rajput palatial haveli with several courts.

1-4. (Sawai Ram ji dada) of Patwa family who settled in Jhalawar to continue trade in opium. In later havelis of Bundi and Kota. The mortar used was a mix with local sand and was called 'gaara'. the havelis of Jhalawar retain their authenticity of material and lifestyle and provide useful insight into the traditional usage of haveli types. Maanmalji Saraf Haveli is one of the first haveli in Patan built in 1796 A. This article is an excerpt from her doctoral research and fieldwork in Rajasthan. an increase in the aediuclar density is observed. DRONAH and Chief Editor of Context: Built . The havelis are of stone with carved jalis of red sandstone in the towns of Jhalawar and Jhalrapatan. The inner courtyard had a temple. the city is protected by masonry walls of red sandstone. The haveli belongs to one of the five sons. Hence identities can be established in the architectural vocabulary found in the towns of Gwalior. These terms attracted traders from Marwar and Kota. Shubhi Publications Hooja. in the inner zenana courtyard of the Haveli. The single court haveli has interesting niche storage details for keeping jewelry and a double basement accessed from the floor. Decorative finishes in Bundi and Kota includes wall paintings.devi shrine (Bishat Mata) is located in Jhalrapatan. The medieval towns of Bundi and Kota in Hadauti region show irregular plots with angles. Truly. It is a unique haveli complex with a well in the forecourt. Photographs: Courtesy the Author. The havelis exhibits an interesting façade. The old city also has the Vinodi Ram Balchand Haveli as a grand two court haveli that belongs to the family of Nagarseth. To encourage habitation. History of Rajasthan. ■ SIMILARITIES WITH NEIGHBORING MADHYA PRADESH This region shared its boundary with the Mughal subah of Malwa. Bohron ki Haveli owned by Gujrati Brahmins is an interesting variation in the Rajasthan Haveli types. October 2007 ARCHITECTURE . Bapna Haveli is the most significant haveli in terms of historic links. Kitchen is located on the first floor. Havelis of adjoining areas in Madhya Pradesh are also of stone ashlar and bricks. The haveli was donated by the ruler of Jhalawar. Hadoti region shows the simplest of façades with minimal aediclues and less ornamentation. REFERENCES: Jain. Roofing material is also similar in these areas as timber planks or stone slabs.Time Space & People 51 . Use of red sandstone is prevalent in Hadauti region as well as neighboring towns of Madhya Pradesh. Datia. Ujaainwalon ki Haveli is a single court haveli with a big hall on second floor having a wooden ceiling. The haveli has unique architectural details the rear wall thickness is about 3 feet and the front wall is 1'6" thick. Orcha and Bhopal in the present Madhya Pradesh with the towns of Shikha Jain is Director. The family also exemplifies the continuity of the marriage rituals where the bride-groom are made to sit on the auspicious mandana pattern in the court. responding to site topography whereas the post Jaipur mercantile settlements like Jhalawar and Jhalrapatan have square or rectangular plots. The dressed stone from the ruins was used to build the houses. about half mile North of the ruins of old town that was destroyed by Aurangzeb. symmetric kind in Jhalawar and Jhalrapatan. The wedding mandap is still created made in the center of the inner chowk. Shikha. Drainage from these hills to the north of town is collected from Gomti Sagar Lake. Roopa & Co. The tablet had an engraving saying that whoever settled in the town would be excused payment of customs and that any settler convicted of a crime would not receive punishment exceeding a fine of Rs. the façades correspond to the Rajput spatial planning. The haveli has around 200 rooms and was built around 1800 A. Nemichand Chandwal Haveli is an old Jain Haveli with good architectural details.D. About 200 years old accounts (bahiya) of the trade are still present with the owner of this haveli. A temple is located on the terrace. (Gazetteer 1964) The present city is located at the foot of a low range of hills running from southeast to north west. The niches have hidden storage areas. Except on the lakeside. Living and Natural. Stone and brick masonry in lime mortar is found in this region. asymmetric kind in Bundi and Kota and the regular. Rima (2006).D. JHALARAPATAN HAVELIS This town was established by Zalim Singh in 1796 A.D. The central jharokha in the front facade is made in Jaisalmer stone and was brought from Jaisalmer during the construction of the haveli so that the local craftsmen could carve similar details on the two side jharokhas made in local red sandstone. The façades of Hadoti area show both simple and composite projected aedicules with rectangular and chatri frames. The family history can be traced back to the owners of the famous Patwon ki Haveli in Jaisalmer.(2005). Hadauti region. Havelis: A Living Tradition of Rajasthan. The family still resides in the haveli and follows all traditions including the performance of all Hindu fire rituals suchas weddings etc. But in most cases. The façades in Bhopal havelis show composite chatri aedicules and pointed Islamic arches at entrances. Zalim Singh had a large stone tablet erected in the center of the main bazzar.

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