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7) BlOCK DIAGRAM:

B (v)
Condenser
Water (v) Water (l)
butane
Recycle Water

B (v) Water

B (v)
Absorber
Notations:
MA (v)
VPO: Vanadium H2O (v)
Phosphorous Oxide B(v)
MA: Maleic Anhydride
Gas Solid Catalysed Reactor
B: Butane Cooler
v- Vapour phase Operating Temp- 413 ° C
l- Liquid phase
Operating pressure – 2.5 bar
Catalyst- VPO
Conversion- 85 % B (v)
B (v)
H2O (v)
Selectivity to MA- 70% H2O(v) MA (l)
Feed Pre-Heater MA (v)
Water (l)
Reaction:
B (v)
C4H10 + O2 C4H10O3
+H2O
Gas Liquid Separator

Compressor
Product t-BA (v)
MA

Butane Air