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Research Plan

PROPOSED TITLE: ALUMINUM CAN STRIPS AND GALVANIZED NAILS AS SUGGESTIVE


ANODE IN AN IMPROVISED POWER SOURCE

RESEARCHER: ECHEVARRIA, ANN GABRIELLE G.

SCHOOL: BAGONG SILANG HIGH SCHOOL

RESEARCH ADVISER: BEANETTE DELOS REYES, MAED-SED

A.1. Questions or problems being asked

 Which of the two experimental set-ups are able to light a 2-volt bulb?

A.2. Goals/ Expected Outcome/ Hypothesis

 If the two power sources are improvised with aluminum can strips as anodes than they are able to light a
two-volt bulb.

A.3. Description in detail of methods or procedure

Rationale

The researcher had observed that aluminum cans were scattered everywhere, especially outside malls, office
buildings and convenience stores. As a result the researcher had found out that aluminum cans were ‘one of the
world’s most recycled packaging’. So the researcher investigated on its properties and the convenient way of
recycling it. That was the reason why this research came up.

Problem being addressed

 Which of the two experimental set-ups are able to light a 2-volt bulb?

Hypothesis

 If the two power sources are improvised with aluminum can strips as anodes than they are able to light a
two-volt bulb.

Procedure

Collection of Materials (Experimental set-up A)

Three power sources will be fabricated using the aluminum can strips (3”x0.5”). The printed part of the
aluminum will be scraped with the use of sand paper. It will be used as anodes. 15” of copper wire will be used
as cathodes. And 20gof rock salt will be dissolve in 250ml of vinegar. It will be served as electrolyte. 3 foams
with the dimension of 2.25”x1.5”x0.5”, scissors, cutter, and tape will also be used.

(Experimental set-up B)

Three power sources will be fabricated using galvanized nails. It will served as the anodes. 15” of
copper wire will be used as cathodes. Salt-vinegar (20 grams in 250ml) solution will served as the electrolyte. 3
foams with the dimension of 2.25”x1.5”x0.5”, scissors, cutter will also be used.

Formulation of the salt-vinegar solution

Both of the experimental set-ups will only makes use of one electrolyte solution- which is the salt-
vinegar solution. It will be made using 20 grams of rock salt that wil be dissolved in the 250ml of vinegar using
a stirring rod and liquid container.

Improvisation of power sources


The cutter will be used to remove the insulation of the 30” copper wires. The 30” of copper wire will be
divided into 6 with the measure of 5” each. It will also be used to cut the panda ballpen case into 3. The copper
wire will be pivoted around the ballpen barrel. Then it will be wrapped with foams. The 3 aluminum can strips
will also pivot the foam. Tape will be used to secure the grip of aluminum can strips onto the foam. 1 aluminum
can strip will subduct under the three taped aluminum can strips. All of the three power sources will be soaked
in the salt-vinegar solution.

As for the experimental set-up B, the galvanized (zinc-coated) nails will be wrapped by the foam. The
5” copper wire will pivot the foam. All of the three power sources will be soaked in the salt-vinegar solution.

Risk and Safety

The improvised power sources will be soaked using the tongs, so that the results that will be gathered
won’t be affected by any factors or variables. And the researcher won’t have any contact with the solution.

Data Analysis

The amount of voltage that will be generated from the improvised power sources with aluminum can
strips and galvanized (zinc-coated) nails- will be used as anodes- will be gathered and tabulated. The tabulated
voltage from the improvised power sources with aluminum can strips will be compared with the amount of
voltage generated from the improvised power sources with galvanized (zinc-coated) nails.

After the comparison, both of the experimental set-ups will be tested with the 2-volt bulb.

Bibliography

MetalDetectingWorld.com of Sergei Upstate NY (2005-2017). How to Make an Electrolyte

http://www.metaldetectingworld.com/make_electrolyte_p15.shtml

Nick Pitchik (1999-2017). Open Voltage Test

http://vwts.ru/vw_doc/eva2/EE01/ch4.1.2.html

Adam Jacobson (Ted-Ed) (2016). How Batteries Work

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9OVtk6G2TnQ

S. Ramakanth (Electrical And Electronics Engineering, Visakha Institute of Engineering and

Technology) (2012). Salt Vinegar Electrolyte

http://www.ijird.com/index.php/ijird/article/view/35697

Book
Alvarez, et al (2014) SCIENCE 9 Learner’s Module. Department of Education, Pasig City, Philippines