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Many International as well as national efforts are being made by public and private sectors to
highlight the issues regarding women’s rights. Some of the international efforts are discussed

International Day of Women and Girls in Science: At present, less

than 30 per cent of the researchers worldwide are women. Long standing biases and gender
stereotypes are steering girls and women away from science related fields. Therefore, in order
to achieve full and equal access to and participation in science for women, the United Nations
General Assembly declared 11 February as the International Day of Women and Girls in Science.

International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in

Conflict: United Nation has declared this day on 19 June. On this day, people around the
globe strive to foster solidarity with survivors who endure multiple, intersecting stigmas in the
wake of sexual violence, including the stigma of association with an armed or terrorist group.
Often these women are considered affiliates, rather than victims of armed and violent
extremist groups.

International Widows Day: Widows, around the globe, are often evicted
from their homes and physically abused, and some are even killed by family members.
According to an estimate, about 258 million widows are around the world, and nearly one in
ten live in extreme poverty. Thus, an impressive step has been taken by UN for achieving full
rights and recognition for widows on June 23 of every year.

International Day of Rural Women: Structural barriers and

discriminatory social norms continue to constrain women’s decision making power in rural
households and communities. There, they lack equal access to productive resources and assets,
public services, such as education and health. So, in order to eradicate such obstacles, United
Nations along with the women community observe this day on 15 October.

National efforts are being practiced in Pakistan too. Many private sectors are working in form of
NGOS in order to alleviate the intensity of situation.

Aurat Foundation: It is a national, non-profit, non-governmental

organization working for women empowerment. It was established in 1986, and run by Nigar
Ahmed who is an educationist by profession.

Depilex Smile Again Foundation: This organization is run by Musarrat

Misbah, which aims to help female survivors of acid and kerosene oil burns in Pakistan.
Kaarvan Foundation: It is an organization, established in 2004, aimed to
promote social equity and the economic empowerment of women from low income
communities in Pakistan.

Shabina Aftab Foundation: SAF’s primary purpose is to provide change

for women who are stuck in rural culture by teaching them skill based trainings and projects for

Possible suggestions:
Government of Pakistan must introduce social awareness schemes for
Media must play a positive role in spreading awareness about basic
women rights.
Freedom of expression must be provided to each and every girl and
Proper court hearings must be arranged in order to provide instant justice
against women rights violences.