SUMMARY Shirley Bourtaney via interview.

Shirley works in a school district that has been fortunate enough to receive three PEP grants. The PEP grants directly fund PE programs at public schools. With the funding Monroe Middle school has purchased a lot of equipment to teach students about other PE opportunities. It is important to get a perspective from someone who has seen what a good amount of funding can do

Location: Monroe Middle School, Eugene OR Accessed: 11/10/2010

SOURCE ANALYSIS • • • • Citizen Believes that PE should have greater funding Biased because she is an educator that wants more funding Understands though that because of the economy that the funding from grants

USEFULNESS • This source is useful because it gives the perspective of someone who works with kids everyday in an environment that has been fortunate enough to have funding.

SUMMARY Peg Rees is the director of PE at the University of Oregon. She is a long time athlete and very passionate about PE in schools. Location: University of Oregon, Esslinger Hall Accessed: 10/15/2010

• •

SOURCE ANALYSIS • • • • Citizen She believes that PE should have more funding in order to provide better equipment, have better qualified people in the schools and do something about the childhood obesity problem. She has a biased opinion that schools should have more funding for physical education. She works at the University so she understands budget constraints which makes her opinion more balanced

USEFULNESS • Along with her colleagues, they know what the repercussions are of not having properly funded PE programs.

SUMMARY The source is an article written by Betsy Hammond of the Oregonian on the “Save Portland PE” movement that was started last August. PUBLICATION INFO: Title: ‘Save Portland PE’ campaign makes a fast, well-funded splash Publication Information: The Oregonian via Published: June 28-2010 Author: Betsy Hammond Location: Portland, OR • Accessed: October 28-2010 SUPPORT • • • • Primary sources: Drew Mahalic-executive director of Oregon Sports Authority Secondary sources: The Superintendent of the Portland school district planned to cut PE in Portland. When people heard of this they were outraged and started the “Save Portland PE” campaign. This campaign was immediately funded by groups in Portland such as the Oregon Sports Authority and the Portland Trail Blazers.

SOURCE ANALYSIS • • • • Journalistic Trying to reach the audience that wants their students to participate in PE The argument the article is making is that not everyone was willing to let PE in Portland die. The article leaves out information about why the Superintendent was forced to make the decision that she made

USEFULNESS • This article is important to my research because it shows a clear-cut example of outside influences standing up and finding ways to fund PE.


SUMMARY The source is a database/ information page on the Carol M. White Physical Education Program and grant. The source is important to my research because the Eugene 4J school district has received this grant 3 times and has been able to put this money to good use in order to offer students great PE opportunities. PUBLICATION INFO: Title: no title Publication Information: U.S. Department of Education web page • Neither the published date or published location is listed Author: No author Location: Not listed • Accessed: 11/10/2010 SUPPORT No support, it is a government web page.

SOURCE ANALYSIS • Category: Government

USEFULNESS • This source is important to my research because it describes what the grant is. It also describes how schools can become eligible for this grant. The 4J school district has received this grant three times, which I find odd. Clearly the 4J district in Oregon is doing something that shows that they really need the funding.

WORKS CITED • I found out about this source by typing in the name of the grant into Google. I first heard about the grant in my interview with Shirely Betournay; the PE middle schoolteacher at Monroe Middle in Eugene.

SUMMARY The source is an article by Anne Williams of The Register-Guard. The article talks about the problems that the economy in Oregon is facing. Specifically, the article talks about how the Eugene school districts will be affected. PUBLICATION INFO: Title: Biting the budget bullet | The Eugene School District begins to address a funding deficit greater than any ever faced Publication Information: • • The Register-Guard 11/2/2010

Author: Anne Williams Location: Accessed: • 11/12/2010

SUPPORT Primary sources: Cecelia Brands (middle school teacher) Craig Hawkins (communications director for the Confederation of Oregon School Administrators) Secondary sources: Superintendent Russell’s proposal for the budget These sources work together to give both sides of the argument on the issue. There is the middle school teacher who faces growing class sizes and the possibility of being laid off. On the other side you have the Superintendent of the school district who might have no choice in order to balance the budget. SOURCE ANALYSIS • • • • Journalism The article is trying to reach people who want to understand the budget crisis Argument: This is the worst budget crisis Oregon may ever see and it will greatly hurt the public school system The article is missing what this means for the students long term and their health

USEFULNESS • This article is useful to my research because it provides specific statistics on the budget crisis in Oregon. It also provides an opinion from a teacher who is facing being unemployed because of the issue. It also provides information on Superintendent Russell’s plan to balance the budget for the future.


SUMMARY The source is the Oregon Medical Association. They were the backbone of the “Save Portland PE” movement last June. Their mission is to improve the health of Oregonians. They have coordinated many rallies to improve awareness of the obesity problem in America. They are also firm believers that PE should not be cut in schools. They are a non-profit organization so they cannot donate any money but they believe more people should find ways to get more money into PE programs. PUBLICATION INFO: The website is a database of facts and documents created by the OMA. This one in particular ( talks about the obesity program and the involvement the OMA has had to improve the issue. Author: no author listed

Location: • •

Accessed: 10/16/2010


SOURCE ANALYSIS • Institutional source

USEFULNESS This source is useful to my research because they are a leading advocate for more PE and focus more on the health side rather than the funding side. Where the funding comes from is really of no concern to the OMA. They just want more people to be healthy and not contribute to the obesity problem.


SUMMARY The source is a news article written by Tom Adams of KVAL. The article focues on the fact that the childhood obesity problem is getting worse and Adams poses the question of wether or not the 4J school district will beef up their PE programs. The article also focuses on the fact that many children are seeing their PE time cut. PUBLICATION INFO: Title: Eugene School District may bulk up its P.E. programs Publication Information: • • Author: • Tom Adams Location: • Accessed: • 2/12/2010 2/20/2007

SUPPORT • • • Primary sources: Bill Forrest(PE teacher), Kelly Mclver(district spokesman) Secondary sources: Measure 5 Features supporting evidence for why PE should see more time from a PE teacher and then an explanation of why PE had begun a steady slope of decline by a spokesman for the district

SOURCE ANALYSIS • • • Journalistic It is hard to say that the article is making a specific argument. Adams is just presenting both sides of the argument. The article is leaving out information on what the consequences are if the program is not bulked up

USEFULNESS • This is an important source to my research because it helps me understand how far back this issue goes. People were talking about this issue as early as 2007. The article also talks about rock wall climbing which was the focus of my five photo story. The climbing has been very popular in the district but not all the schools were able to afford them.


SUMMARY The source is a journalism piece by Greg Bolt of The Register-Guard about an initiative that was launched on the University of Oregon campus in order to get students to realize the value of good health. PUBLICATION INFO: Title: UO targets healthier campus Publication Information: • • The Register-Guard 10/22/2010

Author: Greg Bolt Location: • Accessed: 10/24/2010 SUPPORT • • • Primary sources: Dennis Munroe-UO’s physical education and recreation director Secondary sources: none listed The article uses Mr. Munroe as a source to gain a perspective of what the initiative entails and why they are starting it.

SOURCE ANALYSIS • • • • Journalistic Reaching the audience that wants to know about the happenings around the school Argument: That students should make an effort to be a part of this initiative Why students might not be able to be as active as they want?

USEFULNESS • This is an important source for my research because it takes a look at the Univeristy as opposed to public schools. It basically points out that students are busy with their class schedules that they do not have the time to take PE. Because of this, the school has found a way to keep students healthy without spending a lot of money or looking for grants.


SUMMARY The source is a journalism pieces from Oregon live talking about what would happen if the funding for PE were gone and PE had to be cut from schools. PUBLICATION INFO: Title: School PE cut undesirable but doable Publication Information: • • Oregon Live Published: June 29/2010 Author: • Elizabeth Hovde/ Oregonian columnist

Location: • • • Accessed: 11/1/2010

SUPPORT • • Primary source: Uses the article above to address what might happen with PE. Then Hovde uses this information to justify possible ways to find replacements for PE.

SOURCE ANALYSIS • • • • Journalistic Targets parents/teachers Argument: If PE is cut, the teacher will have to create PE for their students, even if they do not have credentials to teach PE. Point of view: The loss of PE is ok

USEFULNESS • It gives a journalist’s opinion on the PE situation. Basically she thinks that if PE were to be cut that the teachers become the PE teachers. Unfortunately, it is not that simple. Regular teachers would not be able to provide the same kind of PE atmosphere that a qualified PE teacher could bring. WORKS CITED

SUMMARY The source is an excerpt taken out of a magazine that I found using Google scholar. The piece talks about what will happen if funding cannot be found for schools and PE has to be cut. PUBLICATION INFO: Title: Why We Should Not Cut P.E. Publication Information: • • • Health&Learning December 2009 Online-Company based in Virginia Author: • • Educational Leadership Stewart G. Trost and Hans van der Mars Location: • • h&as_sdt=400000000001&as_sdtp=on link to a PDF file Accessed: • 11/01/2010

SUPPORT • • The piece highlights several studies as evidence for their claim The authors do a great job of finding a lot of evidence from different parts of the world to prove their point. SOURCE ANALYSIS • • • • Academic Source Audience: People who think cutting PE is a good idea/no funding Lack of PE leads to low school performance, obesity and general unhappiness. Lacks: Why it might be necessary for PE to be cut

USEFULNESS • This piece is great for my research because it provides concrete examples of PE being cut and students not doing well in school and being unhappy. Also, the authors find examples from other parts of the world such as Australia meaning that this is not only an Oregon USA issue but it could be worldwide.

WORKS CITED -Google Scholar via EL

SUMMARY The source is a non-profit organization based in Portland called The Oregon Sports Authority. The OSA strives to provide economic support for sports programs in Oregon. Recently they gave Franklin High School $10,000 to support their PE programs. Clearly this organization cares about Sports and wants to help out schools in a tough economic time. PUBLICATION INFO: Location: Accessed: 10/14/2010 SUPPORT n/a SOURCE ANALYSIS • • Institutional source Funding comes from fund raisers and donations

USEFULNESS This source is useful to my research because they are an institution that cares about PE programs and doing whatever they can to make sure schools have enough money so that they do not have to cut PE. WORKS CITED •

SUMMARY The source is an article by Harry Esteve of The Oregonian posted on Oregon Live. In the article Chris Dudley, a politician, talks about why he believes PE should not be cut from schools. He also talks about what he thinks can be done to save PE programs. PUBLICATION INFO: Title: Don’t cut Portland PE, Chris Dudley says Publication Information: • • • Oregon Live-The Oregonian 6/30/2010

Author: • • Harry Esteve

Location: • • •


SUPPORT • • • •

Primary sources: Chris Dudley-republican politician. Former Gov. Kitzhaber Secondary sources: School board member Bobbie Regan Dudley, a republican gives his opinion and Kitzhaber, a democrat gives his rebuttal. The article also gets an opinion on what Dudley said from a school board member.

SOURCE ANALYSIS • • • Journalistic Audience: people who are concerned about PE being cut Argument: Even politicians have a stance on the issue

USEFULNESS The source is important to my research because it gets into the political side of the issue and also presents some opinions on how to fix the issue from Dudley. WORKS CITED •

SUMMARY The source is the 4J school district in Eugene. The district has received 3 PEP over the past 5 years, which have kept the PE programs afloat. I have visited a school in the district (Monroe Middle) and it is very clear that the kids and faculty want PE to stay. PUBLICATION INFO: Location: • •

Accessed: 11/11/2010

SUPPORT • • • • n/a SOURCE ANALYSIS Government The US government gives the district funding for teachers. The US department of education has given the district 3 PEP grants.

USEFULNESS • This source is important to my research because they have allowed me access into the schools to gain firsthand experience on the tremendous job the PE teachers are doing in the district. It is very obvious by watching the kids interact with each other and their PE teachers that they want PE to stay. I have also been able to talk to a PE teacher who expressed her concerns about funding. I plan to speak to a principal at one of the schools very soon.


SUMMARY The source is the online database for PE at the Oregon Department of Education online. It is important to my issue because it lists information about current grants, curriculum, publications and assessments of how students are progressing during their time in PE classes. PUBLICATION INFO: • Accessed: • 10/28/2010

SUPPORT • Primary sources: Gather information from various parents, educators, and community members.

SOURCE ANALYSIS • • Government US Government

USEFULNESS • This source is important to my research because it is basically a one stop database for all of my questions related to PE in the state of Oregon.


SUMMARY The source is an guest-written article through Oregon Live’s connect feature. The author’s names are listed but it is unclear who they are and what their agenda is. Regardless, they bring up good points on why PE is important in our lives more so to children. PUBLICATION INFO: Title: Physical education at PPS: PE is one medicine that’s proven to work Publication Information: • • • Oregon Live 6/29/2010

Author: • Minot Cleveland and Mary Lou Hennrich (my guess is that they are parents)

Location: • •

Accessed: • 11/01/2010

SUPPORT • • Primary sources : The American Heart Association The authors use information from the AHA to prove a point that PE is important for the health of the younger generation.

SOURCE ANALYSIS • • • • • Journalistic Audience: People who are on the fence on whether or not it is a good idea to cut PE PE is important Left out: information on the economy PE should stay

USEFULNESS • This source is important to my research because it provides information from citizens within the community through a journalistic source. The authors refer to children as “our children,” which leads me to believe that these are parents writing this article. It is always a good idea to gain a perspective from a parent.


SUMMARY The source is a study conducted by The Journal of Pediatrics that reviewed the effects of physical activity on health and to develop physical activity recommendations for the youth. PUBLICATION INFO: Title: Evidence Based Physical Activity for School-age Youth Publication Information: • • The Journal of Pediatrics 11/2004 Author: • See document, contributed to by 13 doctos Location: • not web, what is it? Accessed: • 10/25

SUPPORT • Primary sources: The document uses articles written by these doctors to find results and publish them. They used their work to find common threads and investigate their hypothesis. SOURCE ANALYSIS • • • • Academic Where does funding come from? Audience: Other doctors/educators/ anyone that works with kids They conclude that school-age youth should participate in 60 minutes of PE each day.

USEFULNESS • It is important to my research because these doctors have proved through research that kids need to be active each day. If the funding for schools runs out and they cannot get their 60 minutes each day, where is it going to come from?

WORKS CITED • • Google Scholar

SUMMARY The source is an article published on CNN about PE. The article highlights that PE is not a top priority in school. It also talks about the fact that PE is more than just running around on a field. Instead, its about learning healthy choices for the future. PUBLICATION INFO: Title: PE classes still aren’t top priority, report says Publication Information: • • CNN 6/3/2010 Author: • Val Willingham-CNN Medical Producer Location: • Accessed: • 11/12/2010

SUPPORT • • • Primary sources: Nancy Brown- CEO of the American Heart Association Secondary sources: Shape of the Nation report The sources work together to provide concrete facts that PE is important and should be a top priority in schools.

SOURCE ANALYSIS • • • • • Journalistic Audience: Anyone associated with schools/ parents Message: PE should be a top priority because it encourages kids to be active and it provides the education needed to be healthy in the future. Left out: the economy POV: PE should be a top priority

USEFULNESS • This is an important source to my research because It provides great statistics from the AHA and it also reminded me that PE is not just about running around in a gym or kicking a ball around. Its about learning from your PE teacher that you need to make healthy choices.


SUMMARY The source is an article posted on USA Today about the childhood obesity issue. PUBLICATION INFO: Title: Do schools need more PE time to fight obesity? Publication Information: • • USA Today 6/22/2009 Author: • Nancy Armour- writer for The Associated Press Location: • Accessed: • 11/04/2010

SUPPORT • • • Primary sources: Betty Hale-PE teacher in Chicago. Child and Adolescent Health Measurement Initative Secondary sources: Centers for disease control Use input from a PE teacher to alert others about the concerns educators are having about the health of children in school. It uses statistics from the Centers for disease control to back up their claims.

SOURCE ANALYSIS • • • • Journalistic Audience: Anyone concerned about the obesity problem Message: If PE is cut, its only hurting the children PE should have a higher priority

USEFULNESS • It is important to my research because it provides a story of a reporter actually going into a school to find out about the issue. She can see from the facility and equipment being used that PE was not a top priority to this school district. It also shows that this is a national issue compared to just in Oregon.


SUMMARY The source is the main page to the Let’s Move campaign started by Michelle Obama. It shows an example of someone doing something about fighting childhood obesity. PUBLICATION INFO: Location: • Accessed: • 11/12/2010


SOURCE ANALYSIS • • • Government US Government Children should have more PE time to fight childhood obesity

USEFULNESS • It is important to my research because it is a movement that looks to find other ways to keep children active outside of school. It also provides steps and tips to parents to keep their children healthy and active.


SUMMARY The source is a blog post by Beth Slovic on her opinions of the proposed budget cuts that would have cut PE in Portland completely. PUBLICATION INFO: Title: Porltand Superintendent Proposes Elminating PE, Art or Music in Primary Grades Publication Information: • • Willamette Week 6/23/2010 Author: • Beth Slovic Location: • Accessed: • 11/13/2010

SUPPORT • • Primary sources: Portland Association of Teachers union. Carole Smith-Superintendent of Portland school district. The sources work together to paint a picture of what happened in Portland. It is unclear who the blogger is but she uses quotes from Carole Smith effectively to effectively tell what happened in Portland.

SOURCE ANALYSIS • • • • • Journalistic/Citizen Audience: Parents Argument: There was cause for concern in Portland Important info left out: Why is this a big deal? POV: PE should not be cut

USEFULNESS • This is an important source to my research because it provides an opinion from a regular person in Portland. Journalists do not really go into how important is but Slovic does.



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