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PRESENTED BY:

EZZAH BINT-E- SHAUKAT(BSCS)


WHAT IS FEMINISM?
 Feminism is a collection of movements and
ideologies.
 Establishing.
 Defending .
 Political.
 Socio-Economic rights for women.
 Women Suffrage.
HISTORY OF
FEMINISM
Charles Fourier(1837) is credited with
having coined the word feminism.

Dependence:

Historic Culture Country Causes Goals


moment
FIRST-WAVE FEMINISM

19th and 20th century


United kingdom and USA
Period of activity At the end of 19th
century
. Equal
contract 1. Political power
. Marriage 2. Women suffrage
. Parenting 3. Women’s
. Property reproductive
Rights 4. Economic Rights
FIRST-WAVE OF
FEMINISM:

Driven by combination of social,


and economic forces.

The first organized “feminists”


political activism involved
campaigns for VOTE and
EQUALITY.
SECOND WAVE OF
FEMINISM:
 In 1960, during the 2nd wave of
feminism a remarkable event in
human history had happened – the
end of the ‘patriarchy’.
 Suddenly women became active in
politics, demanded and won the
rights to university education, to a
career, to easy divorce.
 Suddenly women began voting
differently to men.
THIRD WAVE OF FEMINISM:

 The Third wave of Feminism


is described as a sudden
Representation Of Women At
All Levels Of Government.
 Third-wave feminism deals
with issues which appear to
limit or oppress women.
 Gender violence has become a
central issue for third-wave
feminists.
FEMINIST THEORY

 Feminist theory is the extension of feminism into


theoretical or philosophical fields.
 It encompasses work in a variety of disciplines:
 Anthropology.
 Sociology.
 Economics and women's studies
 Literary criticism, art history and philosophy.
FEMINIST THEORY

 Feminist theory aims to understand gender


inequality and focuses on gender politics, power
relations. While providing a critique of these
social and political relations, much of feminist
theory also focuses on women interest and
rights.
FEMINISM MOVEMENT AND
IDEOLOGIES
Many overlapping feminist movements and
ideologies have developed over the years.
 Liberalism and conservatism.
 Focus on the environment.
Liberal feminism: It seeks individualistic equality of
men and women through political and legal reform
without altering the structure of society.
SAY NO TO “BOYS BEING BOYS”
Octavia Butler, award-winning feminist
science fiction author.

LITERATURE:-
The feminist
movement
produced both
feminist fiction and
non-fiction, and
created new
interest in
women's writing.
FEMINISM IN PAKISTAN
Many of us think that feminism and the movement are
recent phenomena in Pakistan.

Religion State

Social
Culture
responsibility

History
FEMINISM IN PAKISTAN
Role Of Media & Impact Of West
The West Didn’t Export It To
Us.

 Weakness of our society

 It is not a ‘yahoodiyoon ki
saazish’.

 If a guy earns for his


family.
FEMINISTS OF PAKISTAN
Asma Jahangir
• Women’s Rights Activitist.
• Nobel Peace Prize as part of the 1000 Women for Peace
project.
• WAF (Women’s Action Forum).

Fareeda Kokikhel Afridi


• Pashtun Feminist.
• SAWERA (Society for Appraisal and Women
Empowerment in Rural Areas).

Kishwar Naheed
• Urdu Feminist Poet.
• Sitara-e-Imtiaz.
• Hawwa (Eve).
FEMINISM IN PAKISTAN
WHY WE STILL NEED FEMINISM