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You are on page 1of 42

Geometric Construction 2

I. Circles/Arcs Construction

II. Triangle Construction

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

Circles/Arcs Problems

A) Determining/locating center of a

circle/arc.

B) Drawing a circle/arc thru three given

points

C) Rectifying an arc.

D) Laying out a given length on an arc.

2

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DETERMINING THE CENTER OF AN ARC/

CIRCLE

Given: an arc

3

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DETERMINING THE CENTER OF AN ARC

and B.

4

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DETERMINING THE CENTER OF AN ARC

with the other endpoint labeled as C.

5

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DETERMINING THE CENTER OF AN ARC

line, bisect chords AB and BC.

Center at B

Center at B

Center at A Radius greater

A Radius greater

Radius greater than one-half BC.

than one-half AB.

than one-half B

AB

Center at C

Radius greater

than one-half

C

BC.

6

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DETERMINING THE CENTER OF AN ARC

bisectors meet. Point X is the exact center of

the circle.

A

C

X

7

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DRAWING A CIRCLE/ARC THROUGH

THREE POINTS

and C.

8

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DRAWING A CIRCLE/ARC THROUGH

THREE POINTS

1. With straight lines, lightly connect points A

to B, and B to C.

9

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DRAWING A CIRCLE/ARC THROUGH

THREE POINTS

2. Using the method outlined for bisecting a

line, bisect lines AB and BC.

10

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DRAWING A CIRCLE/ARC THROUGH

THREE POINTS

3. Locate point X where the two extended

bisectors meet. Point X is the exact center of

the arc or circle.

C

X

11

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DRAWING A CIRCLE/ARC THROUGH

THREE POINTS

4. Using X as center and radius equal to XA (or XB

or XC), draw a/an circle/arc. The circle/arc

drawn passed through the three given points.

C

X

12

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

Problem

Circumscribe a circle about the given triangle

below, i.e, draw a circle such that it will contain

the vertices of the triangle.

13

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

RECTIFYING AN ARC

Given: an arc

14

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

RECTIFYING AN ARC

1. Find the center of the arc using (arbitrarily

chosen) chords AB and BC (refer to procedure for

finding the center of a circle).

A

B

X

15

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

RECTIFYING AN ARC

2. Form the longest chord (12), bisect it and locate

its midpoint O.

3. Connect the center to either of the arc’s

endpoints, say point 2.

A

1

B

O

C

2

X

16

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

RECTIFYING AN ARC

4. Extend the chord 12 past the drawn radius X2.

The length of the extension must be equal to O2

or one-half of the chord 12.

A

1

B

O

C

2

Line O2 = Line 23

X

3 17

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

RECTIFYING AN ARC

5. Draw tangent line at point 2 (Draw a line

perpendicular to line segment X2 at point 2).

A

1

B

O

C

2

X

3 18

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

RECTIFYING AN ARC

6. Using point 3 as center and radius equal to line 13, strike

an arc intersecting the tangent line at point 4.

4

A

1

B

O

Line 24 is the rectified

C length of arc 12.

2

X

3 19

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

Along an Arc,

or,

Constructing an arc of specified length

given a portion of the arc.

20

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

SETTING OFF A GIVEN LENGTH ALONG

AN ARC

Given: Line AB and an arc JF

A B

21

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

SETTING OFF A GIVEN LENGTH ALONG

AN ARC

1. Find the center of the given arc (see steps in

finding the center of an arc).

X 22

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

SETTING OFF A GIVEN LENGTH ALONG

AN ARC

2. Connect the center to either of the arc’s

endpoints, say F.

3. Draw tangent at F.

X 23

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

SETTING OFF A GIVEN LENGTH ALONG

AN ARC

3. Lay out the length of line AB in the tangent line (recall

steps in transferring a line). Label the length as A’F, i.e.

A’F =AB.

A’

Length of line AB

X 24

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

SETTING OFF A GIVEN LENGTH ALONG

AN ARC

4. Divide line A’F into four equal segments. Label the

points at equal intervals as 1, 2, and 3. [Actually,

bisect A’F with its midpoint labeled 2, then bisect 2F

with its own midpoint labeled 1.]

A’

3

J

2

X 25

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

SETTING OFF A GIVEN LENGTH ALONG

AN ARC

4. Using point 1 as center and radius equal to line

1A’, strike an arc intersecting the given arc. Label

the intersection as C.

A’

3

C

J

2

X 26

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

SETTING OFF A GIVEN LENGTH ALONG

AN ARC

Arc FC is approximately equal to line AB.

A’

3

C

J

2

X 27

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

TRIANGLE PROBLEMS

2. Draw a right triangle given its

hypotenuse and a leg.

3. Inscribe a circle in a given triangle.

28

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DRAWING A TRIANGLE GIVEN THE

LENGTH OF THE THREE SIDES

• Given: length of three sides

Side A

1 2

Side B

1 3

Side C

2 3

Location of a triangle’s

side

29

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DRAWING A TRIANGLE GIVEN THE

LENGTH OF THE THREE SIDES

1. Layout Side A in the desired position.

1 2

30

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DRAWING A TRIANGLE GIVEN THE

LENGTH OF THE THREE SIDES

2. Using endpoint 1 of side A as center and the

length of side B as radius, draw an arc above

side A.

Center at 1

Radius equal to side B

1 2

31

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DRAWING A TRIANGLE GIVEN THE

LENGTH OF THE THREE SIDES

3. Using endpoint 2 of side A and the length of

side C as radius, draw a second arc

intersecting the first arc at point 3.

3

Center at 2

Radius equal to side C

1 2

32

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DRAWING A TRIANGLE GIVEN THE

LENGTH OF THE THREE SIDES

4. Connecting point 3 with points 1 and 2

establishes triangle 123.

1 2

33

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DRAWING A RIGHT TRIANGLE GIVEN ITS

HYPOTENUSE AND A LEG

• Given: - length of one side

- length of hypothenuse

C B

A Hypotenuse B

The key idea

here is the

application of

the inscribed

angle

Location of the triangle

theorem.

34

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DRAWING A TRIANGLE GIVEN THE

HYPOTENUSE AND A GIVEN LEG

1. Using the length of the given hypotenuse as

diameter, draw a semi-circle.

A B

35

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DRAWING A TRIANGLE GIVEN THE

HYPOTENUSE AND A GIVEN LEG

2. Using one endpoint of the hypotenuse as

center and the length of the side BC as

radius, draw an arc intersecting the semi-

circle at point C.

A B

36

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

DRAWING A TRIANGLE GIVEN THE

HYPOTENUSE AND A GIVEN LEG

3. Connecting point C with endpoints A and B

establishes the desired Right Triangle ABC

A B

37

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

INSCRIBING A CIRCLE IN TRIANGLE

tangent to all 3 sides of the triangle.

here is that

the angle A

bisector of

any angle

contains the

center of the B

inscribed-to-

be circle, and

that the circle

is tangent to

all 3 sides.

C 38

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

INSCRIBING A CIRCLE IN TRIANGLE ABC

beyond the middle of the triangle.

A

Center at point 2 with 2

arbitrary radius R1 1

Center at point 1 with

arbitrary radius R1

B

D

C 39

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

INSCRIBING A CIRCLE IN TRIANGLE ABC

at point O.

arbitrary radius R2

3

B E

4 D O

arbitrary radius R2

C 40

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

INSCRIBING A CIRCLE IN TRIANGLE ABC

to side AB at point H.

A

H

B E

D O

C 41

ES 1: ENGINEERING DRAWING

INSCRIBING A CIRCLE IN TRIANGLE ABC

OH, draw the desired circle.

A

H

B E

D O

C 42

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