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Review of Related Literature

According to SunStar Davao, “Filipino time” is the staple excuse. And we get away with it. Generations
after generations of Filipinos have accepted this tradition and have wrongly embraced it as one of our
many identities unique from other nationalities.

But we have to keep in mind that some of the Filipino traits that we claim to be our own are not really
something to be proud of, especially this so-called “Filipino time”.

As we continue to strive for progress and economic development here in Davao City, we must keep in
mind and be more responsible on how we practice this “Filipino time” culture.

An invitation that indicates an event is targeted to start at 9 a.m., for example, should start around that
time and not at 11 a.m. Maybe a 10 to 15-minute extension of waiting is still excusable but to delay it for
hours is not a good thing anymore. There is a need for Filipinos to be reminded that waiting for others
and letting others wait has a bad domino effect. Those affected by this may have other appointments to
attend to but could not anymore because the schedule was not properly followed. By being not
responsible of the time use, the schedule and the time of everyone in the room is compromised.

Filipinos will fall short of progress and success, if time, one of the most important things, is wasted. It is
unprofessional and a sign of bad organization if the permanent “solution” and alibi to being late is
because we observed “Filipino time.” In practicing this tradition, we don’t only waste our time but also
those of others as well.

If we want the Philippines to be a better nation in terms of economic progress and the values we teach
our children, we must start with how we use our time.

But the worse thing is, we have become a nation of waiting people. We wait for the doctor for hours
because we need to be treated. We wait for hours for the politician to arrive in a graduation ceremony
because he is the VIP and he will deliver the inspirational message. What inspiration are we giving the
children if we arrive two hours after the scheduled arrival and we let them wait inside the hot school

As individuals, we must review how we function in the society and change whatever it is that is
detrimental to the progress that we all dream of. In this way, the individual changes will result to a
bigger scope of improvement for the community.
Truth about the youth: The difference of the Filipino millennial

According to Rappler (2016), there are certain things the Filipino youth do or care about more than their
millennial counterparts in other countries. Here are some interesting statistics to note:

- 83% of Filipino youth are still heavily reliant on their parents for advice, as compared to 73% globally

- However, Filipino youth believe that 30 is the age at which it stops being socially acceptable to live with
parents – 2 years younger than the global average of 32.

- 22% of Filipino youth have written a negative comment about somebody they know, higher than the
Asia-Pacific average of 16%

- 61% of Filipino youth feel pressured to portray themselves in the best way possible on social media,
higher than the global average of 53%.

- 1 in 2 Filipino youth say that seeing their friends post on social media can make them feel inadequate

- 96% feel that we all have a responsibility to make a positive contribution to the community we live in –
higher than the global average (89%).

- 26% of Filipino youth want to be remembered as a person who has changed the world.

Prevalence of Mañana Habit :

According to Barcelon, Mañana Habit is commonly seen in students wherein this habit encourages the
individual to procrastinate or simply the act of procrastination that has a possibility that it will lead to
failure to accomplish tasks or experiences cramming. This habit often results to a very unorganized way
of doing things that affects the overall work performance of an individual. According to Pepoa (2010),
the mañana habit can be also considered as the “procrastination virus” since it has a lot of negative
effect to us. Wherein this habit has made us become lazier and less efficient in doing tasks.
Procrastination on academic tasks is a common problem among middle school students and college
students, and it is one most significant causes of students’ failure to learn and to achieve academic
success (Balkis, Duru & Duru, 2009); (Solomon & Rothblum, 1984). A research conducted by Ellis and
Knaus (1977) indicates that there is a high occurrence of procrastination across social classes, especially
among youth and adolescents. In the research, it is estimated that 95 percent of youth and adolescents
experience procrastination at some point.