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Meritor WABCO Pneumatic Antilock Braking System (ABS) 42.00 42.

42.00 42.00 Meritor WABCO Pneumatic Antilock Braking System (ABS)


WABCO E-Version ABS Troubleshooting WABCO E-Version ABS Troubleshooting

General Information J1587 Fault Code Cross-Reference Left Front Wheel Sensor Troubleshooting (SID 001)
Troubleshooting MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action
This subject contains information for diagnosing prob- MID-SID Description
Table
lems in the WABCO E-Version pneumatic ABS system 136 001 02 Incorrect tire size Check for correct tire size and
in the following sections: Modulator Valve mixed tire sizes. Check for correct
136-007 Left Front Table 6 number of teeth on tone wheel.
• Troubleshooting Tables Correct as needed.
136-008 Right Front Table 7 136 001 03 Sensor shorted to 2. Measure the voltage Measurable voltage If the short is in the vehicle
• Component Specific Tests
136-009 Left Rear Table 8 power across pins 7 of the X2 at any pin harness, repair the wiring.
• ABS/ATC Circuit Pin Wire Numbers (black) connector and a
136-010 Right Rear Table 9 good chassis ground. If problem is in the sensor
• Using Meritor TOOLBOX software to reconfigure Repeat the test between harness, replace the sensor.
136-014 Ground Faults Table 10
the ECU pin 8 and ground. No voltage at any Repeat the test and check for
136-015 Table 11 pin intermittent short to power in
NOTE: Use Meritor TOOLBOX or ServiceLink for circuits 377LF– and 377LF+.
136-018 ATC Valve (if equipped) Table 12
the preferred method of J1587 fault code diagnosis.
Meritor WABCO also provides technical assistance 136-019 Auxiliary Output Table 13 If the problem persists, suspect
that the ECU is faulty.
through its website and the ArvinMeritor Customer 136-231 J1939 Datalink Table 14
Service Center phone: 1-800-535-5560. 136 001 04 Short to ground 3. Measure the resistance Resistance If the short is in the vehicle
136-251 Voltage Table 15 between pin 7 of the X2 between either pin harness, repair the wiring.
NOTE: For wiring, see module 330 BOM in PartsPro 136-253 Configuration Errors Table 16 (black) connector and a and ground is less
for the correct schematic specific to the vehicle being good chassis ground. than 100,000 ohms If problem is in the sensor
136-254 Miscellaneous Faults Table 17 Repeat the test between harness, replace the sensor.
serviced.
pin 8 and ground. Resistance Repeat the test for intermittent
Table 1, J1587 Fault Code Cross Reference
between either pin short to ground in circuits 377LF–
Troubleshooting Tables and ground is and 377LF+.
greater than
100,000 ohms If the problem persists, suspect
Use the following tables to troubleshoot the ABS by that the ECU is faulty.
MID-SID. 136 001 05 Open circuit 4. Measure the resistance Resistance is Repeat the test and check for
between pins 7 and 8 of 900–2000 ohms intermittent open or short in
J1587 Fault Code Cross-Reference the X2 (black) connector. circuits 377LF– and 377LF+.
Troubleshooting If the problem persists, suspect
MID-SID Description
Table that the ECU is faulty.
Wheel Sensor Resistance is Perform test 5.
136-001 Left Front Table 2 greater than 2000
ohms OR less than
136-002 Right Front Table 3 900 ohm.
136-003 Left Rear Table 4 5. Disconnect the sensor Resistance is Repair open or short in circuits
connector from the chassis 900–2000 ohms 377LF– and 377LF+ in chassis
136-004 Right Rear Table 5 harness. Measure the harness.
resistance between the Resistance is Replace the sensor.
pins on the sensor greater than 2000
Left Front Wheel Sensor Troubleshooting (SID 001) connector. ohms OR less than
MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action 900 ohms
136 001 06 Short circuit Perform tests 4 and 5.
136 001 01 Incorrect sensor 1. Adjust the sensor. Voltage is 0.2 VAC Sensor adjustment solved the
air gap Check the AC voltage or greater problem. 136 001 07 Damaged tone Inspect tone ring for damage and
across pins 7 and 8 of the Voltage is less than Check for excessive wheel ring missing teeth. Make sure the
X2 (black) ECU connector 0.2 VAC bearing end play and hub runout. correct tone ring is installed
while rotating the LF wheel Repair as needed. (100-tooth is the normal
30 rpm. application). Repair as needed.

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Meritor WABCO Pneumatic Antilock Braking System (ABS) 42.00 42.00 Meritor WABCO Pneumatic Antilock Braking System (ABS)
WABCO E-Version ABS Troubleshooting WABCO E-Version ABS Troubleshooting

Left Front Wheel Sensor Troubleshooting (SID 001) Right Front Wheel Sensor Troubleshooting (SID 002)
MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action
136 001 08 Excessive wheel Check sensor adjustment. This 136 002 04 Short to ground 3. Measure the resistance Resistance If the short is in the vehicle
slip fault usually occurs when there is between pin 5 of the X2 between either pin harness, repair the wiring.
excessive tire spin for more than (black) connector and a and ground is less
16 seconds. good chassis ground. than 100,000 ohms If problem is in the sensor cable,
Repeat the test between replace the sensor.
136 001 09 Wire mismatch 6. Check for mixed sensor Correct wiring connections, as
connections. While using needed. pin 6 and ground. Resistance Repeat the test for intermittent
Meritor TOOLBOX between either pin short to ground in circuits 377RF+
software, spin each wheel and ground is and 377RF–.
individually. Confirm that greater than
100,000 ohms If the problem persists, suspect
the output is from the that the ECU is faulty.
correct sensor.
136 002 05 Open circuit 4. Measure the resistance Resistance is Repeat the test and check for
136 001 10 Intermittent signal 7. Adjust the sensor. Using Signal output OK Adjustment solved the problem. between pins 5 and 6 of 900–2000 ohms intermittent open or short in
the wheel sensor output Make sure brake chatter is not the X2 (black) connector. circuits 377RF+ and 377RF–.
screen in Meritor causing the problem.
TOOLBOX software, spin Signal output Check for intermittent wheel If the problem persists, suspect
the wheel or drive the incorrect sensor circuit connections. (Brake that the ECU is faulty.
vehicle and check for chatter can cause this problem.) Resistance is Perform test 5.
intermittent or erratic Repair as needed. greater than 2000
signal.
ohms OR less than
136 001 11 Erratic signal Perform test 7. 900 ohm.
136 001 12 Frequency too 8. Check sensor wiring Wiring OK If the problem persists, suspect 5. Disconnect the sensor Resistance is Repair open or short in circuit(s)
high and connectors for that the ECU is faulty. connector from the chassis 900–2000 ohms 377RF+ and 377RF– in chassis
intermittent contact. Wiring incorrect Repair wheel sensor circuit, as harness. Measure the harness.
needed. resistance between the Resistance is Replace the sensor.
pins on the sensor greater than 2000
Table 2, Left Front Wheel Sensor Troubleshooting (SID 001) connector. ohms OR less than
900 ohms
136 002 06 Short circuit Perform tests 4 and 5.
Right Front Wheel Sensor Troubleshooting (SID 002)
136 002 07 Damaged tone Inspect tone ring for damage and
MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action
ring missing teeth. Make sure correct
136 002 01 Incorrect sensor 1. Adjust the sensor. Voltage is 0.2 VAC Sensor adjustment solved the tone ring is installed (100-tooth is
air gap Check the AC voltage or greater problem. normal application). Repair as
across pins 5 and 6 of the Voltage is less than Check for excessive wheel needed.
X2 (black) ECU connector 0.2 VAC bearing end play and hub runout. 136 002 08 Excessive wheel Check sensor adjustment. This
while rotating the RF Repair as needed. slip fault usually occurs when there is
wheel 30 rpm.
excessive tire spin for more than
136 002 02 Incorrect tire size Check for correct tire size and 16 seconds.
mixed tire sizes. Check for correct
136 002 09 Wire mismatch 6. Check for mixed sensor Correct wiring connections, as
number of teeth on tone wheel.
connection. Using Meritor needed.
Correct as needed.
TOOLBOX software, spin
136 002 03 Sensor shorted to 2. Measure the voltage Measurable voltage If the short is in the vehicle each wheel individually.
power across pin 5 of the X2 at any pin harness, repair the wiring. Check that output is from
(black) connector and a the correct sensor.
good chassis ground. If problem is in the sensor cable,
Repeat the test between replace the sensor.
pin 6 and ground. No voltage at any Repeat the test and check for
pin intermittent short to power in
circuits 377RF+ and 377RF–.
If the problem persists, suspect
that the ECU is faulty.

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Meritor WABCO Pneumatic Antilock Braking System (ABS) 42.00 42.00 Meritor WABCO Pneumatic Antilock Braking System (ABS)
WABCO E-Version ABS Troubleshooting WABCO E-Version ABS Troubleshooting

Right Front Wheel Sensor Troubleshooting (SID 002) Left Rear Wheel Sensor Troubleshooting (SID 003)
MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action
136 002 10 Intermittent signal 7. Adjust the sensor. Using Signal output OK Adjustment solved the problem. 136 003 05 Open circuit 4. Measure the resistance Resistance is Repeat the test and check for
the wheel sensor output Make sure brake chatter is not between pins 1 and 2 of 900–2000 ohms intermittent open or short in
screen in Meritor causing the problem. the X3 (green) connector. circuits 377LR+ and 377LR–.
TOOLBOX software, spin Signal output Check for intermittent wheel
the wheel or drive the If the problem persists, suspect
incorrect sensor circuit connections. (Brake that the ECU is faulty.
vehicle and check for chatter can cause this problem.)
intermittent or erratic Repair as needed. Resistance is Perform test 5.
signal. greater than 2000
136 002 11 Erratic signal Perform test 7. ohms OR less than
900 ohm.
136 002 12 Frequency too 8. Check sensor wiring Wiring OK If the problem persists, suspect
high and connectors for that the ECU is faulty. 5. Disconnect the sensor Resistance is Repair open or short in circuit(s)
intermittent contact. connector from the chassis 900–2000 ohms 377LR+ and 377LR– in chassis
Wiring incorrect Repair wheel sensor circuit, as harness. Measure the harness.
needed. resistance between the Resistance is Replace the sensor.
Table 3, Right Front Wheel Sensor Troubleshooting (SID 002) pins on the sensor greater than 2000
connector. ohms OR less than
900 ohms
Left Rear Wheel Sensor Troubleshooting (SID 003) 136 003 06 Short circuit Perform tests 4 and 5.
MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action 136 003 07 Damaged tone Inspect tone ring for damage and
136 003 01 Incorrect sensor 1. Adjust the sensor. Voltage is 0.2 VAC Sensor adjustment solved the ring missing teeth. Make sure correct
air gap Check the AC voltage or greater problem. tone ring is installed (100-tooth is
across pins 1 and 2 of the normal application). Repair as
Voltage is less than Check for excessive wheel needed.
X3 (green) ECU connector 0.2 VAC bearing end play and hub runout.
while rotating the LR Repair as needed. 136 003 08 Excessive wheel Check sensor adjustment. This
wheel 30 rpm. slip fault usually occurs when there is
136 003 02 Incorrect tire size Check for correct tire size and excessive tire spin for more than
mixed tire sizes. Check for correct 16 seconds.
number of teeth on tone wheel. 136 003 09 Wire mismatch 6. Check for mixed sensor Correct wiring connections, as
Correct as needed. connection. Using Meritor needed.
136 003 03 Sensor shorted to 2. Measure the voltage Measurable voltage If the short is in the vehicle TOOLBOX software, spin
power across pin 1 of the X3 at any pin harness, repair the wiring. each wheel individually.
(green) connector and a Check that output is from
good chassis ground. If problem is in the sensor cable, the correct sensor.
Repeat the test between replace the sensor. 136 003 10 Intermittent signal 7. Adjust the sensor. Using Signal output OK Adjustment solved the problem.
pin 2 and ground. No voltage at any If the problem persists, suspect the wheel sensor output Make sure brake chatter is not
pin that the ECU is faulty. screen in Meritor causing the problem.
136 003 04 Short to ground 3. Measure the resistance Resistance If the short is in the vehicle TOOLBOX software, spin Signal output Check for intermittent wheel
between pin 1 of the X3 between either pin harness, repair the wiring. the wheel or drive the incorrect sensor circuit connections. (Brake
(green) connector and a and ground is less vehicle and check for chatter can cause this problem.)
good chassis ground. than 100,000 ohms If the short is in the sensor cable, intermittent or erratic Repair as needed.
Repeat the test between replace the sensor. signal.
pin 2 and ground. Resistance Repeat the test for intermittent 136 003 11 Erratic signal Perform test 7.
between either pin short to ground in circuits 377LR+ 136 003 12 Frequency too 8. Check sensor wiring Wiring OK If the problem persists, suspect
and ground is and 377LR–. high and connectors for that the ECU is faulty.
greater than intermittent contact.
100,000 ohms If the problem persists, suspect Wiring incorrect Repair wheel sensor circuit, as
that the ECU is faulty. needed.
Table 4, Left Rear Wheel Sensor Troubleshooting (SID 003)

Saf-T-Liner C2 School Bus Workshop Manual, Supplement 0, July 2004 300/5 300/6 Saf-T-Liner C2 School Bus Workshop Manual, Supplement 0, July 2004
Meritor WABCO Pneumatic Antilock Braking System (ABS) 42.00 42.00 Meritor WABCO Pneumatic Antilock Braking System (ABS)
WABCO E-Version ABS Troubleshooting WABCO E-Version ABS Troubleshooting

Right Rear Wheel Sensor Troubleshooting (SID 004) Right Rear Wheel Sensor Troubleshooting (SID 004)
MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action
136 004 01 Incorrect sensor 1. Adjust the sensor. Voltage is 0.2 VAC Sensor adjustment solved the 136 004 08 Excessive wheel Check sensor adjustment. This
air gap Check the AC voltage or greater problem. slip fault usually occurs when there is
across pins 3 and 4 of the Voltage is less than Check for excessive wheel excessive tire spin for more than
X3 (green) ECU connector 0.2 VAC bearing end play and hub runout. 16 seconds.
while rotating the RR Repair as needed. 136 004 09 Wire mismatch 6. Check for mixed sensor Correct wiring connections, as
wheel 30 rpm. connections. Using Meritor needed.
136 004 02 Incorrect tire size Check for correct tire size and TOOLBOX software, spin
mixed tire sizes. Check for correct each wheel individually.
number of teeth on tone wheel. Check that output is from
Correct as needed. the correct sensor.
136 004 03 Sensor shorted to 2. Measure the voltage Measurable voltage If the short is in the vehicle 136 004 10 Intermittent signal 7. Adjust the sensor. Using Signal output OK Adjustment solved the problem.
power across pin 3 of the X3 at any pin harness, repair the wiring. the wheel sensor output Make sure brake chatter is not
(green) connector and a screen in Meritor causing the problem.
good chassis ground. If the problem is in the sensor TOOLBOX software, spin
harness, replace the sensor. Signal output Check for intermittent wheel
Repeat the test between the wheel or drive the incorrect sensor circuit connections. (Brake
pin 4 and ground. No voltage at any If the problem persists, suspect vehicle and check for chatter can cause this problem.)
pin that the ECU is faulty. intermittent or erratic Repair as needed.
signal.
136 004 04 Short to ground 3. Measure the resistance Resistance If the short is in the vehicle
between pin 3 of the X3 between either pin harness, repair the wiring. 136 004 11 Erratic signal Perform test 7.
(green) connector and a and ground is less 136 004 12 Frequency too 8. Check sensor wiring Wiring OK If the problem persists, suspect
good chassis ground. than 100,000 ohms If the problem is in the sensor high and connectors for that the ECU is faulty.
Repeat the test between harness, replace the sensor.
intermittent contact. Wiring incorrect Repair wheel sensor circuit, as
pin 4 and ground. Resistance Repeat the test for intermittent
between either pin short to ground in circuits 377RR+ needed.
and ground is and 377RR–. Table 5, Right Rear Wheel Sensor Troubleshooting (SID 004)
greater than
100,000 ohms If the problem persists, suspect
that the ECU is faulty.
Left Front Modulator Valve Troubleshooting (SID 007)
136 004 05 Open circuit 4. Measure the resistance Resistance is Repeat the test and check for
between pins 3 and 4 of 900–2000 ohms intermittent open or short in MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action
the X3 (green) connector. circuits 377RR+ and 377RR–. 136 007 03 Short to power 1. Measure the voltage No voltage at any Repeat test. Check circuits
If the problem persists, suspect between pins 2, 10, and pin 378LFI, 378LFO, and 378LF– for
Inlet or outlet 11 of the X2 (black) intermittent short to power. Check
that the ECU is faulty. circuit shorted to connector and a good above circuits for shorts to other
Resistance is Perform test 5. battery supply or chassis ground. modulator valve wires. Repair as
greater than 2000 another modulator necessary.
ohms OR less than valve wire.
900 ohms. If the problem persists, suspect
5. Disconnect the sensor Resistance is Repair open or short in circuit(s) that the ECU is at fault.
connector from the chassis 900–2000 ohms 377RR+ and 377RR– in chassis Measurable voltage Repair short to power in circuit
harness. Measure the harness. at any pin 378LFI, 378LFO, or 378LF–.
resistance between the Resistance is Replace the sensor. 136 007 05 Open circuit 2. Measure the modulator Resistance in both Check harness wiring circuits
pins on the sensor greater than 2000 valve inlet and outlet circuit circuits is within 4 378LFI, 378LFO, or 378LF– for
connector. ohms OR less than Inlet or outlet resistance. Disconnect the to 9 ohms. poor or open connections. Repair
900 ohms circuit open. connector from the valve as necessary.
136 004 06 Short circuit Perform tests 4 and 5. and perform the modulator Resistance in both Replace the modulator valve.
valve resistance test. circuits is not within
136 004 07 Damaged tone Inspect tone ring for damage and
4 to 9 ohms.
ring missing teeth. Make sure correct
tone ring is installed (100-tooth is
normal application). Repair as
needed.

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Meritor WABCO Pneumatic Antilock Braking System (ABS) 42.00 42.00 Meritor WABCO Pneumatic Antilock Braking System (ABS)
WABCO E-Version ABS Troubleshooting WABCO E-Version ABS Troubleshooting

Left Front Modulator Valve Troubleshooting (SID 007) Left Rear Modulator Valve Troubleshooting (SID 009)
MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action
136 007 06 Short to ground 3. Measure the modulator Resistance in both Check harness wiring circuits 136 009 03 Short to power 1. Measure the voltage No voltage at any Repeat test. Check circuits
valve inlet and outlet circuit circuits is within 4 378LFI and 378LFO for short to between pins 10, 11, and pin 378LRI, 378LRO, and 378LR– for
Inlet or outlet resistance. Disconnect the to 9 ohms. ground. Repair as necessary. Inlet or outlet 12 of the X3 (green) intermittent short to power. Check
circuit shorted to connector from the valve circuit shorted to connector and a good above circuits for shorts to other
ground. Resistance in both Replace modulator valve. battery supply or
and perform the modulator circuits is not within chassis ground. modulator valve wires. Repair as
valve resistance test. another modulator necessary.
4 to 9 ohms. valve wire.
Table 6, Left Front Modulator Valve Troubleshooting (SID 007) If the problem persists, suspect
that the ECU is at fault.
Measurable voltage Repair short to power in circuit
Right Front Modulator Valve Troubleshooting (SID 008) at any pin 378LRI, 378LRO, or 378LR–.
MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action 136 009 05 Open circuit 2. Measure the modulator Resistance in both Check harness wiring circuits
valve inlet and outlet circuit circuits is within 4 378LRI, 378LRO, and 378LR– for
136 008 03 Short to power 1. Measure the voltage No voltage at any Repeat test. Check circuits Inlet or outlet resistance. Disconnect the to 9 ohms. poor or open connections. Repair
between pins 3, 4, and 9 pin 378RFO, 378RFI, and 378RF– for circuit open. connector from the valve as necessary.
Inlet or outlet of the X2 (black) intermittent short to power. Check
circuit shorted to and perform the modulator Resistance in both Replace the modulator valve.
connector, and a good above circuits for shorts to other valve resistance test.
battery supply or chassis ground. modulator valve wires. Repair as circuits is not within
another modulator necessary. 4 to 9 ohms.
valve wire. 136 009 06 Short to ground 3. Measure the modulator Resistance in both Check harness wiring circuits
If the problem persists, suspect valve inlet and outlet circuit circuits is within 4 378LRI and 378LRO for short to
that the ECU is at fault. Inlet or outlet resistance. Disconnect the to 9 ohms. ground. Repair as necessary.
Measurable voltage Repair short to power in circuit circuit shorted to connector from the valve
ground. Resistance in both Replace modulator valve.
at any pin 378RFO, 378RFI, or 378RF–. and perform the modulator circuits is not within
136 008 05 Open circuit 2. Measure the modulator Resistance in both Check harness wiring circuits valve resistance test. 4 to 9 ohms.
valve inlet and outlet circuit circuits is within 4 378RFO, 378RFI, or 378RF– for
Inlet or outlet Table 8, Left Rear Modulator Valve Troubleshooting (SID 009)
resistance. Disconnect the to 9 ohms. poor or open connections. Repair
circuit open. connector from the valve as necessary.
and perform the modulator Resistance in both Replace the modulator valve.
valve resistance test. Right Rear Modulator Valve Troubleshooting (SID 010)
circuits is not within
4 to 9 ohms. MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action
136 008 06 Short to ground 3. Measure the modulator Resistance in both Check harness wiring circuits 136 010 03 Short to power 1. Measure the voltage No voltage at any Repeat test. Check circuits
valve inlet and outlet circuit circuits is within 4 378RFO and 378RFI for short to between pins 7, 8, and 9 pin 378RRO, 378RR–, and 378RRI
Inlet or outlet resistance. Disconnect the to 9 ohms. ground. Repair as necessary. Inlet or outlet of the X3 (green) for intermittent short to power.
circuit shorted to connector from the valve circuit shorted to connector and a good Check above circuits for shorts to
ground. Resistance in both Replace modulator valve. battery supply or
and perform the modulator circuits is not within chassis ground. other modulator valve wires.
valve resistance test. another modulator Repair as necessary.
4 to 9 ohms. valve wire.
Table 7, Right Front Modulator Valve Troubleshooting (SID 008) If the problem persists, suspect
that the ECU is at fault.
Measurable voltage Repair short to power in circuit
at any pin 378RRO, 378RR–, or 378RRI.
136 010 05 Open circuit 2. Measure the modulator Resistance in both Check harness wiring circuits
valve inlet and outlet circuit circuits is within 4 378RRO, 378RR–, and 378RRI
Inlet or outlet resistance. Disconnect the to 9 ohms. for poor or open connections.
circuit open. connector from the valve Repair as necessary.
and perform the modulator Resistance in both Replace the modulator valve.
valve resistance test. circuits is not within
4 to 9 ohms.

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Meritor WABCO Pneumatic Antilock Braking System (ABS) 42.00 42.00 Meritor WABCO Pneumatic Antilock Braking System (ABS)
WABCO E-Version ABS Troubleshooting WABCO E-Version ABS Troubleshooting

Right Rear Modulator Valve Troubleshooting (SID 010) Ground Faults Troubleshooting (SID 015)
MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action
136 010 06 Short to ground 3. Measure the modulator Resistance in both Check harness wiring circuits 136 015 05 ATC valve - High Replace the ABS ECU if the fault
valve inlet and outlet circuit circuits is within 4 378RRO and 378RRI for short to Impedance persists.
Inlet or outlet resistance. Disconnect the to 9 ohms. ground. Repair as necessary.
circuit shorted to 136 015 06 ATC valve circuit Disconnect the X3 (green) Resistance is less Circuit 378T– is shorted to
connector from the valve Resistance in both Replace modulator valve. shorted to ground connector, check than 10,000 ohms ground. Repair as necessary.
ground. and perform the modulator circuits is not within resistance between pin 6 Resistance is Verify fault. Check for intermittent
valve resistance test. 4 to 9 ohms. and a good ground. greater than fault in circuit 378T–, repair as
Table 9, Right Rear Modulator Valve Troubleshooting (SID 010) 10,000 ohms necessary.
136 015 07 Internal relay fault If the fault repeats, replace the
ABS ECU.
Ground Faults Troubleshooting (SID 014) Table 11, Ground Faults Troubleshooting (SID 015)
MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action
136 014 04 Low voltage or 1. Disconnect the X1 Voltage is 9.5 to 14 System voltage is acceptable.
open circuit (gray) connector at the volts. Check for intermittent low voltage. ATC Valve Troubleshooting (SID 018)
ABS ECU. With the ignition Check the batteries and charging MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action
ON, measure the voltage system. Voltage may have been
between pins 1 and 12. temporarily too low. Repair as 136 018 03 Short to power. 1. Disconnect the X3 Voltage Circuit 378T+ is shorted to power.
necessary. (green) connector from the Repair as necessary.
ABS ECU. Disconnect the No voltage Check circuit 378T+ for
Voltage is less than Check vehicle batteries and ATC valve connector.
9.5 volts. charging system. Check ABS intermittent short to power. Repair
Measure the voltage as necessary. If the fault persists,
ECU power and ground circuits for between pin 5 of the X3
open or high resistance. Repair as suspect that the ECU is at fault.
(green) connector and a
necessary. good chassis ground.
136 014 05 Central ground 2. Disconnect the X1 (gray) Ground is okay Verify the fault. Check the ground 136 018 05 Open circuit 2. Disconnect the ATC Resistance is 7 to Perform test 3.
open or high connector at the ABS circuits intermittent open circuit. valve connector. Measure 14 ohms.
resistance ECU. Check the ground Repair as necessary. the continuity across the
circuit (pin 11) for high Resistance is not 7 Replace ATC valve.
Ground is open or Repair ground circuit as two pins of the ATC valve. to 14 ohms.
resistance or open circuit. has high resistance necessary.
NOTE If the vehicle does
136 014 07 Internal relay If the fault repeats, replace the not have an ATC valve, re-
does not open ABS ECU. configure the ECU.
Table 10, Ground Faults Troubleshooting (SID 014) 3. Reconnect the ATC Resistance is 7 to Verify fault. Check for intermittent
valve connector. Measure 14 ohms. open circuit in 378T+ and 378T–.
the resistance across pins Repair as necessary.
Ground Faults Troubleshooting (SID 015) 5 and 6 of the X3 (green) Resistance is not 7 Repair circuit 378T+ or 378T–.
connector. to 14 ohms.
MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action
136 015 03 ATC valve circuit 1. Disconnect the X3 Voltage at pin 6. Circuit 378T– is shorted to power. 136 018 06 Short to ground. 4. Disconnect the X3 Continuity Circuit 378T+ is shorted to
shorted to power. (green) connector, check Locate fault and repair as (green) connector. Check ground. Repair as necessary.
for voltage between pin 6 necessary. continuity between pin 5 No continuity Verify fault. Check circuit 378T+
and ground. and a good ground. for intermittent short to ground.
No voltage at pin 6. Verify fault. Check for intermittent
fault in circuit 378T–, repair as Repair as necessary.
necessary. Table 12, ATC Valve Troubleshooting (SID 018)
136 015 04 Low voltage or 2. Disconnect the X1 Voltage is 9.5 to 14 System voltage is acceptable.
open circuit (gray) connector at the volts Check for intermittent low voltage.
ABS ECU. With the Check the batteries and charging
ignition ON, measure the system. Voltage may have been
voltage between pin 2 and temporarily too low. Repair as
a good ground. necessary.
Voltage is less than Repair voltage supply to ECU.
9.5 volts

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Meritor WABCO Pneumatic Antilock Braking System (ABS) 42.00 42.00 Meritor WABCO Pneumatic Antilock Braking System (ABS)
WABCO E-Version ABS Troubleshooting WABCO E-Version ABS Troubleshooting

Auxiliary Output Troubleshooting (Not fitted, but possible to encounter error code) (SID 019) J1939 Datalink Troubleshooting (SID 231)
MID SID FMI Problem Action MID SID FMI Problem Test Action
136 019 03 Short to power This fault should not appear. Re-configure the ECU. If fault continues to appear, 136 231 10 J1939 time out Check the engine ECU Check J1939 datalink and engine ECU. Repair as
check the wiring in the X2 (black) ABS ECU connector. Pins 1 and 12 should be and wires. Check the necessary.
unused. Make sure there are no connections to these pins. If incorrect wiring is NOTE: Fault oc- J1939 datalink.
found, correct it and reconfigure the ECU. If this does not correct the problem, curs if the exhaust
contact Meritor WABCO. retarder sends a
message incor-
136 019 05 Open circuit Verify fault. Contact Meritor WABCO if fault persists. rectly.
136 019 06 Short to ground This fault should not appear. Reconfigure the ECU. If fault continues to appear, check 136 231 12 J1939 internal Verify fault. Clear code from the ECU memory. If fault
the wiring in the X2 (black) ABS ECU connector. Pins 1 and 12 should be unused. error persists, replace the ABS ECU.
Make sure there are no connection to these pins. If incorrect wiring is found, correct
it and reconfigure the ECU. If this does not correct the problem, contact Meritor. Table 14, J1939 Datalink Troubleshooting (SID 231)

Table 13, Auxiliary Output Troubleshooting (SID 019)


Voltage Troubleshooting (SID 251)

J1939 Datalink Troubleshooting (SID 231) MID SID FMI Problem Test Test Result Action
136 251 03 Overvoltage Set the engine at Voltage is 9.5 to 14 Check for intermittent sources of
MID SID FMI Problem Test Action
governed speed. Using volts high voltage. Check condition of
136 231 02 J1939 speed Check the speedometer calibration. Check for the tire Voltage to ECU Meritor TOOLBOX charging system and batteries.
plausibility error. size mismatch. The vehicle speed reported on the was too high for software, measure the Verify fault.
J1939 databus does not agree with the wheel sensor more than 5 diagonal voltages.
NOTE: This fault seconds. Voltage is greater Check charging system. Repair as
speeds.
indicates a dis- than 14 volts. necessary.
crepancy between Table 15, Voltage Troubleshooting (SID 251)
vehicle speed re-
ported on J1939
and ABS sensed
vehicle speed. Configuration Errors Troubleshooting (SID 253)
136 231 05 J1939 open/short Repair J1939 datalink as necessary. MID SID FMI Problem Action
136 231 06 J1939 open/short Repair J1939 datalink as necessary. 136 253 01 ATC configuration error Check J1939 for proper wiring. Check engine ECU for
communication. Repair as necessary, then reconfigure
Code 136s231 05 NOTE: ATC valve is detected without engine ECU.
may be active as datalink (J1939).
well. 136 253 02 ABS configuration/wheel parameter incorrect. Reconfigure ECU. If the fault repeats then the wrong
136 231 07 J1939 time out Check the engine retarder, Check J1939 datalink and engine ECU. Repair as ECU is installed. Replace with the correct ECU.
ECU and wires. necessary. 136 253 12 Check sum error. Check parameter setting. Check if diagnostic device
NOTE: Fault oc- was disconnected during active diagnosis.
curs if engine re-
tarder sends mes- Table 16, Configuration Errors Troubleshooting (SID 253)
sage incorrectly.
136 231 08 J1939 time out Check engine ECU and Check J1939 datalink and engine ECU. Repair as
wires. Check J1939 necessary. Miscellaneous Faults Troubleshooting (SID 254)
NOTE: Fault oc- datalink.
curs if engine re- MID SID FMI Problem Action
tarder sends mes- 136 254 05 ABS/ATC ECU, no loads No modulator valve connected. Fault may have resulted
sage incorrectly. from end-of-line test at factory.
136 231 09 J1939 time out Check engine and Check J1939 datalink, engine ECU, transmission ECU, 136 254 08 Excessive wheel slip. Check wheel speed sensor air gaps. One wheel was
transmission ECUs and and wiring. Repair as necessary. much faster than the other. May have been caused by
NOTE: Fault oc- wires. Check J1939
curs if engine datalink. testing vehicle on a dynamometer.
or transmission 136 254 09 Modulator valve actuated too long. Modulator valve was activated too long (more than 75%
sends message of 5 minutes). After a delay, function will return to
incorrectly. normal.
136 254 12 Internal error If the fault persists, replace the ABS ECU.

Saf-T-Liner C2 School Bus Workshop Manual, Supplement 0, July 2004 300/13 300/14 Saf-T-Liner C2 School Bus Workshop Manual, Supplement 0, July 2004
Meritor WABCO Pneumatic Antilock Braking System (ABS) 42.00
WABCO E-Version ABS Troubleshooting

Miscellaneous Faults Troubleshooting (SID 254)


MID SID FMI Problem Action
136 254 13 Accelerometer out of range If the fault persists, replace the ABS ECU.
136 254 14 ECU Mounting Check ECU mounting. Replace the ECU if the fault
persists.
Extreme banked road (measured acceleration No correction required. This fault is for reporting only.
not plausible)
Accelerometer linearity (measured acceleration
not plausible)
Table 17, Miscellaneous Faults Troubleshooting (SID 254)

Wheel Speed Sensor Tests 3. Connect ohmmeter probes to the pins on the
sensor and measure the resistance.
Wheel Speed Sensor and Circuit • If the resistance reading is 900 to 2000
Resistance ohms but the resistance noted in the previ-
ous test, "Wheel Speed Sensor and Circuit
To check the resistance in a wheel speed sensor and Resistance" was not, repair or replace the
its circuit, refer to Fig. 1 and perform the following test: chassis harness wiring.
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface, set the parking • If the resistance is less than 900 ohms or
brake, and shut down the engine. Chock the rear greater 2000 ohms, clean the terminals and
tires. check the resistance again. If the resistance
reading is still not correct, replace the sen-
2. Disconnect from the ECU the connector that con- sor.
tains the circuit for the sensor being tested. See
Table 18 for detailed pinout information. 4. Connect the sensor cable to the chassis harness
and remove the chocks from the tires.
3. Connect ohmmeter probes to the connector termi-
nals and measure the resistance.
Wheel Speed Sensor Voltage
• If the resistance is 900 to 2000 ohms, the
NOTE: Meritor TOOLBOX software can be used for
sensor and its circuit are good. Proceed to
this test to compare speed signal output of all sensors.
the "Wheel Speed Sensor Voltage" test. Low or erratic output indicates a problem.
• If the resistance is less than 900 ohms or
To check the voltage output of a wheel speed sensor:
greater than 2000 ohms, perform the next
test, "Wheel Speed Sensor Resistance." 1. Park the vehicle on a level surface, set the parking
brake, and shut down the engine.
4. Connect the sensor connector to the ECU.
2. Chock the tires of the axle not being tested. Raise
Wheel Speed Sensor Resistance the vehicle and put jack stands under the axle to
be tested, so the wheels can rotate.
To check the resistance in a wheel speed sensor,
perform the following test: 3. Disconnect from the ECU the connector for the
sensor being tested. See Table 18 for detailed
1. Park the vehicle on a level surface, set the parking pinout information.
brake, and shut down the engine. Chock the rear
tires. 4. Set a digital multimeter to the AC voltmeter mode.
Connect the probes to the terminals for the sensor
2. Disconnect the sensor cable from the chassis being tested.
harness.

Saf-T-Liner C2 School Bus Workshop Manual, Supplement 0, July 2004 300/15