You are on page 1of 3

CHARACTERISTICS OF NUTRITION DIETS 4.

Triglycerides Tend to Drop Drastically


KETO, VEGAN AND CARBS 5. Levels of 'Good' HDL Cholesterol
Introduction 6. Reduced Blood Sugar and Insulin Levels
Nutrition is defined as the processes by which an 7. May lower Blood Pressure
animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances. 8. Effective Against Metabolic Syndrome
Essential nutrients include protein, carbohydrate, fat, 9. Improved 'Bad' LDL Cholesterol Levels
vitamins, minerals and water/electrolytes. Normally, 10. Therapeutic for Several Brain Disorders
85% of daily energy use is from fat and carbohydrates
and 15% from protein. Risks of Keto Diet
Keto Diet 1. The leading cause of death of people with diabetes
The ketogenic diet is a very low-carb, high-fat diet who are under 24 years of age. Many experts
that shares many similarities with the Atkins and low- say ketosis itself is not necessarily harmful. Some
carb diets. It involves drastically reducing carbohydrate studies, in fact, suggest that a ketogenic diet is safe
intake and replacing it with fat. This reduction in carbs for significantly overweight or obese people.
puts your body into a metabolic state called ketosis 2. High in saturated fat, which has been linked to heart
Ketosis is a normal metabolic process. When the disease. Additionally, a nutrient deficiency and
body does not have enough glucose for energy, it burns constipation could occur since the keto diet is very
stored fats instead; this results in a build-up of acids low in fibrous foods such as fruits, vegetables, and
called ketones within the body. Some people whole grains.
encourage ketosis by following a diet called 3. The keto diet could cause low blood pressure, kidney
the ketogenic or low-carb diet. stones, constipation, nutrient deficiencies and an
increased risk of heart disease. Strict diets like keto
Healthy foods to eat on a ketogenic diet could also cause social isolation or
 Seafood disordered eating. Keto is not safe for those with
 Fish and shellfish any conditions involving their pancreas, liver, thyroid
 Low-Carb Vegetables or gallbladder.
 Cheese
 Avocados Low-Carb Diet
 Meat and Poultry A low-carb diet limits carbohydrate — such as
 Eggs those found in grains, starchy vegetables and fruit — and
 Coconut Oil emphasizes foods high in protein and fat. Many types of
 Plain Greek Yogurt and Cottage Cheese low-carb diets exist. Each diet has varying restrictions on
the types and amounts of carbohydrates you can eat.
The Common Signs and Symptoms of Ketosis, both
Positive and Negative Health Benefits of Carbs Diet
1. Bad breath 1. Low-carb diets may help prevent or improve serious
2. Weight loss health conditions, such as metabolic syndrome
3. Increased ketones in the blood 2. Diabetes
4. Increased ketones in the breath or urine 3. High blood pressure and cardiovascular disease. In
5. Appetite suppression fact, almost any diet that helps you shed excess
6. Increased focus and energy weight can reduce or even reverse risk factors for
7. Short-term fatigue cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Most weight-
8. Short-term decreases in performance loss diets — not just low-carb diets — may improve
9. blood cholesterol or blood sugar levels, at least
10 Health Benefits of Low-Carb and Ketogenic Diets temporarily.
1. Low-Carb Diets Reduce Your Appetite 4. Low-carb diets may improve high-density lipoprotein
2. Low-Carb Diets Lead to More Weight Loss at First (HDL) cholesterol and triglyceride values slightly
3. A Greater Proportion of Fat Loss Comes from more than do moderate-carb diets. That may be due
Your Abdominal Cavity not only to how many carbs you eat but also to the
quality of your other food choices. Lean protein (fish,  Arthritis: Vegan diets seem particularly effective
poultry, legumes), healthy fats (monounsaturated at reducing symptoms of arthritis such as pain,
and polyunsaturated) and unprocessed carbs — such joint swelling and morning stiffness
as whole grains, legumes, vegetables, fruits and low-  Kidney function: Diabetics who substitute meat
fat dairy products — are generally healthier choices. for plant protein may reduce their risk of poor
kidney function
Risks in Low-Carb Diet  Alzheimer's Disease: Observational studies
If you suddenly and drastically cut carbs, you may show that aspects of the vegan diet may help
experience a variety of temporary health effects, reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer's
including: disease. That said, keep in mind that most of the
1. Headache studies supporting these benefits are
2. Bad breath observational. This makes it difficult to
3. Weakness determine whether the vegan diet directly
4. Muscle cramps caused the benefits. Randomized controlled
5. Fatigue studies are needed before strong conclusions
6. Skin rash can be made.
7. Constipation or diarrhea
8. Risks of Vegan Diet
Vegan Diet 1. Vegan diets seem effective at improving markers
Veganism is defined as a way of living that of blood sugar control. They may also lower the
attempts to exclude all forms of animal exploitation and risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
cruelty, whether for food, clothing or any other purpose. 2. Vegans may be at an increased risk of certain
For these reasons, the vegan diet is devoid of all animal nutrient deficiencies. A well-planned vegan diet
products, including meat, eggs and dairy. People choose includes nutrient-rich whole and fortified foods
to follow a vegan diet for various reasons. These usually can help provide adequate nutrient levels.
range from ethics to environmental concerns, but they 3. Vegans unable to meet their recommended
can also stem from a desire to improve health. nutrient intakes through foods or fortified
Bottomline: A vegan diet excludes all animal products. products alone should consider taking
Many people choose to eat this way for ethical, supplements. You can eat a variety of tasty
environmental or health reasons. Vegans avoid plant-based meals on a vegan diet.
consuming any animal flesh, animal byproducts or foods
containing an ingredient from animal origin. Summary:
1. The vegan keto diet is a low-carb, high-fat,
Health Benefits and Risks of Vegan Diet moderate-protein diet that excludes all animal-
1. Vegan diets seem very effective at helping based foods.
people naturally reduce the number of calories 2. Both vegan and ketogenic diets have been linked
they eat, resulting in weight loss. - These may to health benefits, including weight loss and a
include healthier lifestyle choices, such as lower risk of heart disease and diabetes.
physical activity, and other health-related 3. Animal products, as well as high-carbohydrate
behaviors. foods such as grains, sweetened beverages and
2. A vegan diet may help keep your heart healthy. starchy vegetables, should be restricted when
Observational studies report vegans may have following a vegan keto diet.
up to a 75% lower risk of developing high blood 4. Vegan keto diet foods include non-starchy
pressure and 42% lower risk of dying from heart vegetables, avocados, nuts, seeds, coconut,
disease vegan protein sources and healthy oils. There are
3. Vegan diets are linked to an array of other health many delicious foods to choose from when
benefits, including benefits for: following a vegan keto diet. Meals and snacks
 Cancer risk: Vegans may benefit from a 15% should be high in healthy fats and low in carbs.
lower risk of developing or dying from cancer.
5. Low-carb, high-fat diets may not be suitable for
pregnant women, children and people with
certain medical conditions. If you’re unsure
whether the vegan keto diet is the right choice
for you, seek advice from your doctor.

Importance of Nutrition Diet to Human Health


1. Good nutrition is an important part of leading a
healthy lifestyle. Combined with physical
activity, your diet can help you to reach and
maintain a healthy weight, reduce your risk of
chronic diseases such as heart disease and
cancer, and promote your overall health.
2. They provide energy. Carbohydrates, fats, and
proteins provide the energy your body needs to
carry out all the biochemical reactions that occur
throughout the day and night.

Journal Article: The Effect of Different Diet on Saliva


This experimental work studied saliva of healthy
subjects with different diet. It can show the benefits of
specific type of diet and utilization of novel for analysis
of saliva. Saliva analysis could control the health of oral
cavity which allows an early prevention against dental
caries. The highest total fluorescence intensity showed
saliva of low carb diet followed by mixed diet and the
lowest fluorescence intensity showed ketogenic diet. The
analysis of salivary surface showed the same tendency.
The most ordered particles were revealed on the surface
of saliva of low carb diet. The results confirmed the sense
of different opinions about the impact of ketogenic diet
on the overall health together with the opinion that the
mixed diet contains the high amount of carbohydrates
that showed harmful effect on the teeth health. Low
content of sugar in diet is important possibility of the
prevention before dental carries.

Take Home Message


Individuals may choose veganism for ethical,
environmental or health reasons. When done right, the
vegan diet can be easy to follow and may provide various
health benefits. As with any diet, these benefits only
appear if you are consistent and build your diet around
nutrient-rich plant foods rather than heavily processed
ones. Vegans, especially those who are unable to meet
their daily nutrient requirements through diet alone,
should consider supplements.